Background: #fff
Foreground: #000
PrimaryPale: #8cf
PrimaryLight: #18f
PrimaryMid: #04b
PrimaryDark: #014
SecondaryPale: #ffc
SecondaryLight: #fe8
SecondaryMid: #db4
SecondaryDark: #841
TertiaryPale: #eee
TertiaryLight: #ccc
TertiaryMid: #999
TertiaryDark: #666
Error: #f88
<!--{{{-->
<div class='toolbar' macro='toolbar [[ToolbarCommands::EditToolbar]]'></div>
<div class='title' macro='view title'></div>
<div class='editor' macro='edit title'></div>
<div macro='annotations'></div>
<div class='editor' macro='edit text'></div>
<div class='editor' macro='edit tags'></div><div class='editorFooter'><span macro='message views.editor.tagPrompt'></span><span macro='tagChooser excludeLists'></span></div>
<!--}}}-->
To get started with this blank [[TiddlyWiki]], you'll need to modify the following tiddlers:
* [[SiteTitle]] & [[SiteSubtitle]]: The title and subtitle of the site, as shown above (after saving, they will also appear in the browser title bar)
* [[MainMenu]]: The menu (usually on the left)
* [[DefaultTiddlers]]: Contains the names of the tiddlers that you want to appear when the TiddlyWiki is opened
You'll also need to enter your username for signing your edits: <<option txtUserName>>
<<importTiddlers>>
<!--{{{-->
<link rel='alternate' type='application/rss+xml' title='RSS' href='index.xml' />
<!--}}}-->
These [[InterfaceOptions]] for customising [[TiddlyWiki]] are saved in your browser

Your username for signing your edits. Write it as a [[WikiWord]] (eg [[JoeBloggs]])

<<option txtUserName>>
<<option chkSaveBackups>> [[SaveBackups]]
<<option chkAutoSave>> [[AutoSave]]
<<option chkRegExpSearch>> [[RegExpSearch]]
<<option chkCaseSensitiveSearch>> [[CaseSensitiveSearch]]
<<option chkAnimate>> [[EnableAnimations]]

----
Also see [[AdvancedOptions]]
<!--{{{-->
<div class='header' role='banner' macro='gradient vert [[ColorPalette::PrimaryLight]] [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]'>
<div class='headerShadow'>
<span class='siteTitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteTitle'></span>&nbsp;
<span class='siteSubtitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteSubtitle'></span>
</div>
<div class='headerForeground'>
<span class='siteTitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteTitle'></span>&nbsp;
<span class='siteSubtitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteSubtitle'></span>
</div>
</div>
<div id='mainMenu' role='navigation' refresh='content' tiddler='MainMenu'></div>
<div id='sidebar'>
<div id='sidebarOptions' role='navigation' refresh='content' tiddler='SideBarOptions'></div>
<div id='sidebarTabs' role='complementary' refresh='content' force='true' tiddler='SideBarTabs'></div>
</div>
<div id='displayArea' role='main'>
<div id='messageArea'></div>
<div id='tiddlerDisplay'></div>
</div>
<!--}}}-->
/*{{{*/
body {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}

a {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
a:hover {background-color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
a img {border:0;}

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h1 {border-bottom:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}
h2,h3 {border-bottom:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}

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.headerForeground a {font-weight:normal; color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];}

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.wizard h2 {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border:none;}
.wizardStep {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];
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.wizardFooter {background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];}
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.wizard .button {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; border: 1px solid;
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.wizard .notChanged {background:transparent;}
.wizard .changedLocally {background:#80ff80;}
.wizard .changedServer {background:#8080ff;}
.wizard .changedBoth {background:#ff8080;}
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.wizard .putToServer {background:#ff80ff;}
.wizard .gotFromServer {background:#80ffff;}

#messageArea {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
#messageArea .button {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]]; border:none;}

.popupTiddler {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]]; border:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}

.popup {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]]; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; border-left:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]]; border-top:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]]; border-right:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; border-bottom:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}
.popup hr {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; border-bottom:1px;}
.popup li.disabled {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
.popup li a, .popup li a:visited {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border: none;}
.popup li a:hover {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border: none;}
.popup li a:active {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border: none;}
.popupHighlight {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
.listBreak div {border-bottom:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.tiddler .defaultCommand {font-weight:bold;}

.shadow .title {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.title {color:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]];}
.subtitle {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.toolbar {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
.toolbar a {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}
.selected .toolbar a {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
.selected .toolbar a:hover {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}

.tagging, .tagged {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]]; background-color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]];}
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.footer {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}
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.error, .errorButton {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; background:[[ColorPalette::Error]];}
.warning {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]];}
.lowlight {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}

.zoomer {background:none; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]]; border:3px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}

.imageLink, #displayArea .imageLink {background:transparent;}

.annotation {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border:2px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]];}

.viewer .listTitle {list-style-type:none; margin-left:-2em;}
.viewer .button {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]];}
.viewer blockquote {border-left:3px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.viewer table, table.twtable {border:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}
.viewer th, .viewer thead td, .twtable th, .twtable thead td {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]]; border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.viewer td, .viewer tr, .twtable td, .twtable tr {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.viewer pre {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]];}
.viewer code {color:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]];}
.viewer hr {border:0; border-top:dashed 1px [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.highlight, .marked {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]];}

.editor input {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
.editor textarea {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]; width:100%;}
.editorFooter {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
.readOnly {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]];}

#backstageArea {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
#backstageArea a {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border:none;}
#backstageArea a:hover {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; }
#backstageArea a.backstageSelTab {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
#backstageButton a {background:none; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border:none;}
#backstageButton a:hover {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border:none;}
#backstagePanel {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border-color: [[ColorPalette::Background]] [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]] [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]] [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}
.backstagePanelFooter .button {border:none; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.backstagePanelFooter .button:hover {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
#backstageCloak {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; opacity:0.6; filter:alpha(opacity=60);}
/*}}}*/
/*{{{*/
* html .tiddler {height:1%;}

body {font-size:.75em; font-family:calibri, arial,helvetica; margin:0; padding:0;}

h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6 {font-weight:bold; text-decoration:none;}
h1,h2,h3 {padding-bottom:1px; margin-top:1.2em;margin-bottom:0.3em;}
h4,h5,h6 {margin-top:1em;}
h1 {font-size:1.35em;}
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h3 {font-size:1.1em;}
h4 {font-size:1em;}
h5 {font-size:.9em;}

hr {height:1px;}

a {text-decoration:none;}

dt {font-weight:bold;}

ol {list-style-type:decimal;}
ol ol {list-style-type:lower-alpha;}
ol ol ol {list-style-type:lower-roman;}
ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:decimal;}
ol ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:lower-alpha;}
ol ol ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:lower-roman;}
ol ol ol ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:decimal;}

.txtOptionInput {width:11em;}

#contentWrapper .chkOptionInput {border:0;}

.externalLink {text-decoration:underline;}

.indent {margin-left:3em;}
.outdent {margin-left:3em; text-indent:-3em;}
code.escaped {white-space:nowrap;}

.tiddlyLinkExisting {font-weight:bold;}
.tiddlyLinkNonExisting {font-style:italic;}

/* the 'a' is required for IE, otherwise it renders the whole tiddler in bold */
a.tiddlyLinkNonExisting.shadow {font-weight:bold;}

#mainMenu .tiddlyLinkExisting,
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#sidebarTabs .tiddlyLinkExisting {font-weight:bold; font-style:normal;}

.header {position:relative;}
.header a:hover {background:transparent;}
.headerShadow {position:relative; padding:4.5em 0 1em 1em; left:-1px; top:-1px;}
.headerForeground {position:absolute; padding:4.5em 0 1em 1em; left:0; top:0;}

.siteTitle {font-size:3em;}
.siteSubtitle {font-size:1.2em;}

#mainMenu {position:absolute; left:0; width:10em; text-align:right; line-height:1.6em; padding:1.5em 0.5em 0.5em 0.5em; font-size:1.1em;}

#sidebar {position:absolute; right:3px; width:16em; font-size:.9em;}
#sidebarOptions {padding-top:0.3em;}
#sidebarOptions a {margin:0 0.2em; padding:0.2em 0.3em; display:block;}
#sidebarOptions input {margin:0.4em 0.5em;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel {margin-left:1em; padding:0.5em; font-size:.85em;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel a {font-weight:bold; display:inline; padding:0;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel input {margin:0 0 0.3em 0;}
#sidebarTabs .tabContents {width:15em; overflow:hidden;}

.wizard {padding:0.1em 1em 0 2em;}
.wizard h1 {font-size:2em; font-weight:bold; background:none; padding:0; margin:0.4em 0 0.2em;}
.wizard h2 {font-size:1.2em; font-weight:bold; background:none; padding:0; margin:0.4em 0 0.2em;}
.wizardStep {padding:1em 1em 1em 1em;}
.wizard .button {margin:0.5em 0 0; font-size:1.2em;}
.wizardFooter {padding:0.8em 0.4em 0.8em 0;}
.wizardFooter .status {padding:0 0.4em; margin-left:1em;}
.wizard .button {padding:0.1em 0.2em;}

#messageArea {position:fixed; top:2em; right:0; margin:0.5em; padding:0.5em; z-index:2000; _position:absolute;}
.messageToolbar {display:block; text-align:right; padding:0.2em;}
#messageArea a {text-decoration:underline;}

.tiddlerPopupButton {padding:0.2em;}
.popupTiddler {position: absolute; z-index:300; padding:1em; margin:0;}

.popup {position:absolute; z-index:300; font-size:.9em; padding:0; list-style:none; margin:0;}
.popup .popupMessage {padding:0.4em;}
.popup hr {display:block; height:1px; width:auto; padding:0; margin:0.2em 0;}
.popup li.disabled {padding:0.4em;}
.popup li a {display:block; padding:0.4em; font-weight:normal; cursor:pointer;}
.listBreak {font-size:1px; line-height:1px;}
.listBreak div {margin:2px 0;}

.tabset {padding:1em 0 0 0.5em;}
.tab {margin:0 0 0 0.25em; padding:2px;}
.tabContents {padding:0.5em;}
.tabContents ul, .tabContents ol {margin:0; padding:0;}
.txtMainTab .tabContents li {list-style:none;}
.tabContents li.listLink { margin-left:.75em;}

#contentWrapper {display:block;}
#splashScreen {display:none;}

#displayArea {margin:1em 17em 0 14em;}

.toolbar {text-align:right; font-size:.9em;}

.tiddler {padding:1em 1em 0;}

.missing .viewer,.missing .title {font-style:italic;}

.title {font-size:1.6em; font-weight:bold;}

.missing .subtitle {display:none;}
.subtitle {font-size:1.1em;}

.tiddler .button {padding:0.2em 0.4em;}

.tagging {margin:0.5em 0.5em 0.5em 0; float:left; display:none;}
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.tagging, .tagged {font-size:0.9em; padding:0.25em;}
.tagging ul, .tagged ul {list-style:none; margin:0.25em; padding:0;}
.tagClear {clear:both;}

.footer {font-size:.9em;}
.footer li {display:inline;}

.annotation {padding:0.5em; margin:0.5em;}

* html .viewer pre {width:99%; padding:0 0 1em 0;}
.viewer {line-height:1.4em; padding-top:0.5em;}
.viewer .button {margin:0 0.25em; padding:0 0.25em;}
.viewer blockquote {line-height:1.5em; padding-left:0.8em;margin-left:2.5em;}
.viewer ul, .viewer ol {margin-left:0.5em; padding-left:1.5em;}

.viewer table, table.twtable {border-collapse:collapse; margin:0.8em 1.0em;}
.viewer th, .viewer td, .viewer tr,.viewer caption,.twtable th, .twtable td, .twtable tr,.twtable caption {padding:3px;}
table.listView {font-size:0.85em; margin:0.8em 1.0em;}
table.listView th, table.listView td, table.listView tr {padding:0 3px 0 3px;}

.viewer pre {padding:0.5em; margin-left:0.5em; font-size:1.2em; line-height:1.4em; overflow:auto;}
.viewer code {font-size:1.2em; line-height:1.4em;}

.editor {font-size:1.1em;}
.editor input, .editor textarea {display:block; width:100%; font:inherit;}
.editorFooter {padding:0.25em 0; font-size:.9em;}
.editorFooter .button {padding-top:0; padding-bottom:0;}

.fieldsetFix {border:0; padding:0; margin:1px 0px;}

.zoomer {font-size:1.1em; position:absolute; overflow:hidden;}
.zoomer div {padding:1em;}

* html #backstage {width:99%;}
* html #backstageArea {width:99%;}
#backstageArea {display:none; position:relative; overflow: hidden; z-index:150; padding:0.3em 0.5em;}
#backstageToolbar {position:relative;}
#backstageArea a {font-weight:bold; margin-left:0.5em; padding:0.3em 0.5em;}
#backstageButton {display:none; position:absolute; z-index:175; top:0; right:0;}
#backstageButton a {padding:0.1em 0.4em; margin:0.1em;}
#backstage {position:relative; width:100%; z-index:50;}
#backstagePanel {display:none; z-index:100; position:absolute; width:90%; margin-left:3em; padding:1em;}
.backstagePanelFooter {padding-top:0.2em; float:right;}
.backstagePanelFooter a {padding:0.2em 0.4em;}
#backstageCloak {display:none; z-index:20; position:absolute; width:100%; height:100px;}

.whenBackstage {display:none;}
.backstageVisible .whenBackstage {display:block;}
/*}}}*/
/***
StyleSheet for use when a translation requires any css style changes.
This StyleSheet can be used directly by languages such as Chinese, Japanese and Korean which need larger font sizes.
***/
/*{{{*/
body {font-size:0.8em;}
#sidebarOptions {font-size:1.05em;}
#sidebarOptions a {font-style:normal;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel {font-size:0.95em;}
.subtitle {font-size:0.8em;}
.viewer table.listView {font-size:0.95em;}
/*}}}*/
/*{{{*/
@media print {
#mainMenu, #sidebar, #messageArea, .toolbar, #backstageButton, #backstageArea {display: none !important;}
#displayArea {margin: 1em 1em 0em;}
noscript {display:none;} /* Fixes a feature in Firefox 1.5.0.2 where print preview displays the noscript content */
}
/*}}}*/
<!--{{{-->
<div class='toolbar' role='navigation' macro='toolbar [[ToolbarCommands::ViewToolbar]]'></div>
<div class='title' macro='view title'></div>
<div class='subtitle'><span macro='view modifier link'></span>, <span macro='view modified date'></span> (<span macro='message views.wikified.createdPrompt'></span> <span macro='view created date'></span>)</div>
<div class='tagging' macro='tagging'></div>
<div class='tagged' macro='tags'></div>
<div class='viewer' macro='view text wikified'></div>
<div class='tagClear'></div>
<!--}}}-->
Adam, Seth, Enosh; {{rf{2}}} Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared; {{rf{3}}} Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech; {{rf{4}}} Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. {{rf{5}}} The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. {{rf{6}}} The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Diphath, and Togarmah. {{rf{7}}} The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Rhodanim. {{rf{8}}} The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. {{rf{9}}} The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raamah, and Sabteca. And the sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. {{rf{10}}} And Cush fathered Nimrod; he himself began to be mighty on earth. {{rf{11}}} And Mizraim fathered the Ludim, the Anamim, the Lehabim, the Naphtuhim, {{rf{12}}} the Pathrusim, the Casluhim (from whence the Philistines descended), and the Caphtorim. {{rf{13}}} And Canaan fathered Zidon his firstborn, and Heth, {{rf{14}}} and the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, {{rf{15}}} the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, {{rf{16}}} the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. {{rf{17}}} The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, Aram, Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech. {{rf{18}}} And Arphaxad fathered Shelah; and Shelah fathered Eber. {{rf{19}}} And two sons were born to Eber: the name of the one was Peleg (for in his days the earth was divided), and the name of his brother was Joktan. {{rf{20}}} And Joktan fathered Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, {{rf{21}}} Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, {{rf{22}}} Ebal, Abimael, Sheba, {{rf{23}}} Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan. {{rf{24}}} Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah; {{rf{25}}} Eber, Peleg, Reu; {{rf{26}}} Serug, Nahor, Terah; {{rf{27}}} Abram, that is, Abraham. {{rf{28}}} The sons of Abraham: Isaac and Ishmael. {{rf{29}}} These are their generations: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebaioth, and Kedar, Abdeel, Mibsam, {{rf{30}}} Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema, {{rf{31}}} Jetur, Naphish, and Kedmah. These are the sons of Ishmael. {{rf{32}}} And the sons of Keturah, Abraham's concubine: she gave birth to Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. And the sons of Jokshan: Sheba and Dedan. {{rf{33}}} And the sons of Midian: Ephah, Epher, Enoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the sons of Keturah. {{rf{34}}} Abraham fathered Isaac. The sons of Isaac: Esau and Israel. {{rf{35}}} The sons of Esau: Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. {{rf{36}}} The sons of Eliphaz: Teman, Omar, Zephi, Gatam, Kenaz, Timna, and Amalek. {{rf{37}}} The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. {{rf{38}}} And the sons of Seir: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. {{rf{39}}} And the sons of Lotan: Hori and Homam; and the sister of Lotan was Timna. {{rf{40}}} The sons of Shobal: Alian, Manahath, Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. And the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah. {{rf{41}}} The sons of Anah: Dishon. And the sons of Dishon: Hamran, Eshban, Ithran, and Keran. {{rf{42}}} The sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Jaakan. The sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-01-01]] }}}
<<Bbl 1Ch 12:32 abbr >>	Of course, the good men of Issachar validated their understanding by showing up!

Chap 17 --  Here we find the Temple site identified as Mount Moriah.

<<Bbl 1Ch 29:10 abbr >>-12  Echoes found in the Lord's model prayer.  

<<Bbl 1Ch 30:1 abbr >>-12 Reminiscent of Paul's proclamation and its reception in Athens, <<Bbl A 17:32 >>-34  Delitzsch says that <<Bbl I 22:1 >>-14 to this crisis (Isaiah, p.389ff).
 {{rf{43}}} These are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the Israelites: Bela son of Beor, and the name of his city was Dinhabah. {{rf{44}}} When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah reigned in his place. {{rf{45}}} When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites reigned in his place. {{rf{46}}} When Husham died, Hadad son of Bedad, who defeated the Midianites in the country of Moab, reigned in his place. And the name of his city was Avith. {{rf{47}}} When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah reigned in his place. {{rf{48}}} When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth-by-the-River reigned in his place. {{rf{49}}} When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan son of Achbor reigned in his place. {{rf{50}}} When Baal-Hanan died, Hadad reigned in his place, and the name of his city was Pai. And the name of his wife was Mehetabel, daughter of Matred, daughter of Me-Zahab. {{rf{51}}} And Hadad died. And the chiefs of Edom were: chiefs Timna, Aliah, Jetheth, {{rf{52}}} Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, {{rf{53}}} Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, {{rf{54}}} Magdiel, and Iram. These are the chiefs of Edom. {{rf big{1}}} These are the sons of Israel: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, {{rf{2}}} Dan, Joseph, Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. {{rf{3}}} The sons of Judah: Er, Onan and Shelah; these three were born to him from Bathshua the Canaanite. Now Er, Judah's firstborn, was evil in the sight of Yahweh, and he put him to death. {{rf{4}}} And Tamar his daughter-in-law bore Perez and Zerah to him. The sons of Judah were five in all. {{rf{5}}} The sons of Perez: Hezron and Hamul. {{rf{6}}} The sons of Zerah: Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Calcol, and Dara, five in all. {{rf{7}}} The son of Carmi: Achar, the troubler of Israel, who acted unfaithfully in the matter of the devoted thing. {{rf{8}}} And the son of Ethan was Azariah. {{rf{9}}} The sons of Hezron who were born to him: Jerahmeel, Ram, and Caleb. {{rf{10}}} And Ram fathered Amminadab, and Amminadab fathered Nahshon, prince of the sons of Judah. {{rf{11}}} And Nahshon fathered Salma, and Salma fathered Boaz. {{rf{12}}} And Boaz fathered Obed, and Obed fathered Jesse. {{rf{13}}} And Jesse fathered Eliab his firstborn, Abinadab the second, Shimea the third, {{rf{14}}} Nethanel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, {{rf{15}}} Ozem the sixth, David the seventh. {{rf{16}}} And their sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. The sons of Zeruiah: Abishai, Joab, and Asahel, three. {{rf{17}}} And Abigail bore Amasa, and the father of Amasa was Jether the Ishmaelite. {{rf{18}}} And Caleb the son of Hezron fathered children by Azubah his wife and by Jerioth. And these were her sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon. {{rf{19}}} And when Azubah died, Caleb married Ephrathah, and she bore Hur to him. {{rf{20}}} And Hur fathered Uri, and Uri fathered Bezalel. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-01-43]] }}}
 {{rf{21}}} And afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of Makir the father of Gilead. And he married her when he was sixty years old. And she bore Segub to him. {{rf{22}}} And Segub fathered Jair, and he had twenty-three cities in the land of Gilead. {{rf{23}}} And Geshur and Aram took Havvoth-Jair from them, Kenath and its villages, sixty cities. All these were the descendants of Makir, the father of Gilead. {{rf{24}}} And after the death of Hezron in Caleb-Ephrathah, Abijah the wife of Hezron bore to him Ashhur, the father of Tekoa. {{rf{25}}} And the sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn of Hezron were Ram his firstborn, Bunah, Oren, Ozem, and Ahijah. {{rf{26}}} And Jerahmeel had another wife, and her name was Atarah. She was the mother of Onam. {{rf{27}}} The sons of Ram the firstborn of Jerahmeel were Maaz, Jamin, and Eker. {{rf{28}}} And the sons of Onam were Shammai and Jada. And the sons of Shammai were Nadab and Abishur. {{rf{29}}} And the name of the wife of Abishur was Abihail, and she bore to him Ahban and Molid. {{rf{30}}} And the sons of Nadab were Seled and Appaim. And Seled died without children. {{rf{31}}} And the sons of Appaim: Ishi. The sons of Ishi: Sheshan. The sons of Sheshan: Ahlai. {{rf{32}}} And the sons of Jada the brother of Shammai: Jether and Jonathan. And Jether died without children. {{rf{33}}} And the sons of Jonathan: Peleth and Zaza. These were the children of Jerahmeel. {{rf{34}}} And Sheshan had no sons, only daughters, but Sheshan had an Egyptian slave, and his name was Jarha. {{rf{35}}} So Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha his slave for a wife, and she bore to him Attai. {{rf{36}}} And Attai fathered Nathan, and Nathan fathered Zabad. {{rf{37}}} And Zabad fathered Ephlal, and Ephlal fathered Obed. {{rf{38}}} And Obed fathered Jehu, and Jehu fathered Azariah. {{rf{39}}} And Azariah fathered Helez, and Helez fathered Eleasah. {{rf{40}}} And Eleasah fathered Sismai, and Sismai fathered Shallum. {{rf{41}}} And Shallum fathered Jekamiah, and Jekamiah fathered Elishama. {{rf{42}}} And the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were Mesha his firstborn; he was the father of Ziph. The sons of Mareshah: Hebron. {{rf{43}}} And the sons of Hebron were Korah, Tappuah, Rekem, and Shema. {{rf{44}}} And Shema fathered Raham, the father of Jorkeam. And Rekem fathered Shammai. {{rf{45}}} And the son of Shammai was Maon, and Maon was the father of Beth-Zur. {{rf{46}}} And Ephah, the concubine of Caleb, gave birth to Haran, Moza, and Gazez. And Haran fathered Gazez. {{rf{47}}} And the sons of Jahdai were Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah, and Shaaph. {{rf{48}}} Maacah, the concubine of Caleb, gave birth to Sheber and Tirhanah. {{rf{49}}} She also gave birth to Shaaph the father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah and the father of Gibea; and the daughter of Caleb was Acsah. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-02-21]] }}}
 {{rf{50}}} These were the descendants of Caleb. The sons of Hur the firstborn of Ephrathah: Shobal the father of Kiriath-Jearim, {{rf{51}}} Salma the father of Bethlehem, and Hareph the father of Beth-Gader. {{rf{52}}} And Shobal the father of Kiriath-Jearim had other sons: Haroeh, half of the Menuhoth. {{rf{53}}} And the families of Kiriath-Jearim: the Ithrites, the Puthites, the Shumathites, and the Mishraites. From these descended the Zorathites and the Eshtaolites. {{rf{54}}} The sons of Salma: Bethlehem, the Netophathites, Ataroth-Beth-Joab, and half of the Manahathites, the Zorites. {{rf{55}}} And the families of the scribes who lived at Jabez: the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and the Sucathites. These were the Kenites who came from Hammath, the father of the house of Recab. {{rf big{1}}} These were the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn, Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelite; the second, Daniel, by Abigail the Carmelite; {{rf{2}}} the third, Absalom, the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur; the fourth, Adonijah, the son of Haggith; {{rf{3}}} the fifth, Shephatiah, by Abital; the sixth, Ithream, by his wife Eglah. {{rf{4}}} Six were born to him in Hebron. And he reigned there seven years and six months. And he reigned thirty-three years in Jerusalem. {{rf{5}}} And these were born to him in Jerusalem: Shimea, Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon, four by Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel; {{rf{6}}} then Ibhar, Elishama, Eliphelet, {{rf{7}}} Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, {{rf{8}}} Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine. {{rf{9}}} All these were the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines. And Tamar was their sister. {{rf{10}}} Now the son of Solomon was Rehoboam; Abijah was his son, Asa was his son, Jehoshaphat was his son, {{rf{11}}} Joram was his son, Ahaziah was his son, Joash was his son, {{rf{12}}} Amaziah was his son, Azariah was his son, Jotham was his son, {{rf{13}}} Ahaz was his son, Hezekiah was his son, Manasseh was his son, {{rf{14}}} Amon was his son, Josiah was his son. {{rf{15}}} And the sons of Josiah: Johanan the firstborn, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum. {{rf{16}}} And the descendants of Jehoiakim: Jeconiah his son, Zedekiah his son. {{rf{17}}} And the sons of Jeconiah, the captive: Shealtiel his son, {{rf{18}}} Malchiram, Pedaiah, Shenazzar, Jekamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah. {{rf{19}}} And the sons of Pedaiah: Zerubbabel and Shimei. And the sons of Zerubbabel: Meshullam and Hananiah, and Shelomith their sister, {{rf{20}}} and Hashubah, Ohel, Berekiah, Hasadiah, and Jushab-Hesed, five. {{rf{21}}} And the sons of Hananiah: Pelatiah and Jeshaiah. The sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of Shecaniah. {{rf{22}}} And the sons of Shecaniah: Shemaiah. And the sons of Shemaiah: Hattush, Igal, Bariah, Neariah, and Shaphat, six. {{rf{23}}} And the sons of Neariah: Elioenai, Hezekiah, and Azrikam, three. {{rf{24}}} And the sons of Elioenai: Hodaviah, Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub, Johanan, Delaiah, and Anani, seven. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-02-50]] }}}
The sons of Judah: Perez, Hezron, Carmi, Hur, and Shobal. {{rf{2}}} And Reaiah the son of Shobal fathered Jahath, and Jahath fathered Ahumai and Lahad. These were the clans of the Zorathites. {{rf{3}}} And these were the sons of Etam: Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash. And the name of their sister was Hazzelelponi, {{rf{4}}} and Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer was the father of Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem. {{rf{5}}} And Ashhur, the father of Tekoa, had two wives: Helah and Naarah. {{rf{6}}} And Naarah bore him Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari. These were the sons of Naarah. {{rf{7}}} The sons of Helah: Zereth, Izhar, and Ethnan. {{rf{8}}} And Koz fathered Anub, Zobebah, and the clans of Aharhel, the son of Harum. {{rf{9}}} And Jabez was more honorable than his brothers. And his mother called his name Jabez, saying, "Because I bore him in pain." {{rf{10}}} And Jabez called upon the God of Israel, saying, "Oh that you would surely bless me and enlarge my border. And may your hand be with me, that you would keep me from evil so that it might not harm me!" And God granted what he asked. {{rf{11}}} Chelub, the brother of Shuhah, fathered Mehir. He was the father of Eshton. {{rf{12}}} And Eshton fathered Beth-Rapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah, the father of the city of Nahash. These are the men of Recah. {{rf{13}}} The sons of Kenaz: Othniel and Seraiah. And the sons of Othniel: Hathath. {{rf{14}}} And Meonothai fathered Ophrah; and Seraiah fathered Joab, the father of Ge-Harashim, because they were craftsmen. {{rf{15}}} The sons of Caleb, the son of Jephunneh: Iru, Elah, and Naam. And the sons of Elah: Kenaz. {{rf{16}}} The sons of Jehallelel: Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel. {{rf{17}}} The sons of Ezrah: Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. And she became pregnant with Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah, the father of Eshtemoa. {{rf{18}}} And his Judahite wife bore Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Soco, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. And these were the sons of Bithiah daughter of Pharaoh, whom Mered married. {{rf{19}}} The sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and Eshtemoa the Maacathite. {{rf{20}}} The sons of Shimon: Amnon, Rinnah, Ben-Hanan, and Tolon. The sons of Ishi: Zoheth and Ben-Zoheth. {{rf{21}}} The sons of Shelah, the son of Judah: Er the father of Lecah, Laadah the father of Mareshah, and the families of the house of linen workers at Beth Ashbea; {{rf{22}}} and Jokim, and the men of Cozeba, and Joash, and Saraph, who ruled in Moab and returned to Lehem. (Now the records are ancient). {{rf{23}}} These were the potters and inhabitants of Netaim and Gederah. They lived there with the king in his service. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-04-01]] }}}
 {{rf{24}}} The sons of Simeon: Nemuel, Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, Shaul. {{rf{25}}} Shallum his son, Mibsam his son, Mishma his son. {{rf{26}}} The sons of Mishma: Hammuel his son, Zaccur his son, Shimei his son. {{rf{27}}} Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters, but his brothers did not have many children. But all their families did not multiply like the men of Judah. {{rf{28}}} And they lived in Beersheba, Moladah, Hazar Shual, {{rf{29}}} Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, {{rf{30}}} Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag, {{rf{31}}} Beth-Marcaboth, Hazar-Susim, Beth-Biri, and Shaaraim. These were their cities until David reigned. {{rf{32}}} And their villages were Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Token, and Ashan, five cities {{rf{33}}} and all their villages that surrounding these cities as far as Baal. These were their settlements, and they kept a genealogical record for them. {{rf{34}}} Meshobab, Jamlech, and Joshah the son of Amaziah, {{rf{35}}} Joel, and Jehu the son of Joshibiah, son of Seraiah, son of Asiel. {{rf{36}}} And Elioenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah, {{rf{37}}} and Ziza the son of Shiphi, son of Allon, son of Jedaiah, son of Shimri, son of Shemaiah. {{rf{38}}} These mentioned by name were leaders in their families, and their fathers' households increased greatly. {{rf{39}}} And they went to the entrance of Gedor, up to the east side of the valley, to seek pasture for their flocks. {{rf{40}}} And they found fertile and good pasture, and the land was very broad, quiet, and at ease, for the former inhabitants there were from Ham. {{rf{41}}} These, mentioned by name, came in the days of Hezekiah, king of Judah, and attacked their tents and the Meunites who were found there. And they devoted them to destruction to this day, and they settled among them because there was pasture there for their flocks. {{rf{42}}} And some of them from the Simeonites went to Mount Seir, five hundred men. And Pelatiah, Neariah, Rephaiah, and Uzziel, the sons of Ishi, were under their leadership. {{rf{43}}} And they destroyed the remainder of the Amalekites who had escaped, and they have lived there to this day. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-04-24]] }}}
The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel (for he was the firstborn, but when he defiled the couch of his father, his birthright was given to the sons of Joseph, the son of Israel, so that he was not enrolled in the genealogy as the firstborn, {{rf{2}}} though Judah became strong among his brothers and a chief came from him, but the birthright belonged to Joseph). {{rf{3}}} The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel: Enoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. {{rf{4}}} The sons of Joel: Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son, {{rf{5}}} Micah his son, Reaiah his son, Baal his son, {{rf{6}}} Beerah his son, a leader of the Reubenites, whom Tiglath-Pilneser king of Assyria deported into exile. {{rf{7}}} And his kinsmen by their families, when their generations were recorded in the genealogy: the chief, Jeiel, and Zechariah, {{rf{8}}} and Bela son of Azaz, son of Shema, son of Joel, who lived in Aroer, as far as Nebo and Baal-Meon. {{rf{9}}} He also lived to the east up to the entrance of the desert this side of the River Euphrates, for their livestock had multiplied in the land of Gilead. {{rf{10}}} And in the days of Saul they made war against the Hagrites, and they fell into their hand. And they lived in their tents in all the region east of Gilead. {{rf{11}}} And the sons of Gad lived near to them in the land of Bashan as far as Salecah: {{rf{12}}} Joel the chief, Shapham the second, Janai, and Shaphat in Bashan. {{rf{13}}} And their kinsmen according to their fathers' households: Michael, Meshullam, Sheba, Jorai, Jacan, Zia, and Eber, seven. {{rf{14}}} These were the sons of Abihail the son of Huri, son of Jaroah, son of Gilead, son of Michael, son of Jeshishai, son of Jahdo, son of Buz. {{rf{15}}} Ahi son of Abdiel, son of Guni, was chief in their fathers' households. {{rf{16}}} And they lived in Gilead, in Bashan, and in its towns, and in all the pasturelands of Sharon to their limits. {{rf{17}}} All of them were enrolled in the genealogy in the days of Jotham, king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam, king of Israel. {{rf{18}}} The Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh had valiant men who carried a shield and a sword, and archers, and who were expert in war, forty-four thousand seven hundred and sixty for going out as an army. {{rf{19}}} And they made war against the Hagrites, Jetur, Naphish, and Nodab. {{rf{20}}} And they were helped against them, and the Hagrites and all who were with them were given into their hand, for they cried out to God in the battle, and he responded to their prayer because they trusted in him. {{rf{21}}} And they captured their livestock: fifty thousand of their camels; two hundred and fifty thousand sheep; two thousand donkeys; and one hundred thousand men alive. {{rf{22}}} For many were slain because the war was of God. And they lived under them until the exile. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-05-01]] }}}
 {{rf{23}}} And the sons of the half-tribe of Manasseh lived in the land from Bashan to Baal-Hermon, Senir, and Mount Hermon. They were numerous. {{rf{24}}} Now these were the heads of their fathers' households: Epher, Ishi, Eliel, Azriel, Jeremiah, Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty men of strength, famous men, heads of their fathers' households. {{rf{25}}} But they transgressed against the God of their ancestors and prostituted themselves after the gods of the peoples of the land, whom God had destroyed before them. {{rf{26}}} So the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul, king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tiglath-Pilneser, king of Assyria, and he took them into exile, namely, the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh. And he brought them to Halah, Habor, Hara, and the river Gozan, until this day. {{rf big{1}}} The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. {{rf{2}}} The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. {{rf{3}}} The children of Amram: Aaron, Moses, and Miriam. The sons of Aaron: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. {{rf{4}}} Eleazar fathered Phinehas; Phinehas fathered Abishua; {{rf{5}}} Abishua fathered Bukki; Bukki fathered Uzzi; {{rf{6}}} Uzzi fathered Zerahiah; Zerahiah fathered Meraioth; {{rf{7}}} Meraioth fathered Amariah; Amariah fathered Ahitub; {{rf{8}}} Ahitub fathered Zadok; Zadok fathered Ahimaaz; {{rf{9}}} Ahimaaz fathered Azariah; Azariah fathered Johanan; {{rf{10}}} and Johanan fathered Azariah. It was he who served as priest in the temple that Solomon built in Jerusalem. {{rf{11}}} And Azariah fathered Amariah; Amariah fathered Ahitub; {{rf{12}}} Ahitub fathered Zadok; Zadok fathered Shallum; {{rf{13}}} Shallum fathered Hilkiah; Hilkiah fathered Azariah; {{rf{14}}} Azariah fathered Seraiah; Seraiah fathered Jehozadak. {{rf{15}}} And Jehozadak went into exile when Yahweh sent Judah and Jerusalem into exile by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar. {{rf{16}}} The sons of Levi: Gershom, Kohath, and Merari. {{rf{17}}} Now these are the names of the sons of Gershom: Libni and Shimei. {{rf{18}}} The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. {{rf{19}}} The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. Now these are the families of the Levites according to their ancestors. {{rf{20}}} Of Gershom: Libni his son, Jahath his son, Zimmah his son, {{rf{21}}} Joah his son, Iddo his son, Zerah his son, Jeatherai his son. {{rf{22}}} The sons of Kohath: Amminadab his son, Korah his son, Assir his son, {{rf{23}}} Elkanah his son, Ebiasaph his son, Assir his son, {{rf{24}}} Tahath his son, Uriel his son, Uzziah his son, and Shaul his son. {{rf{25}}} The sons of Elkanah: Amasai and Ahimoth, {{rf{26}}} Elkanah his son, Zophai his son, Nahath his son, {{rf{27}}} Eliab his son, Jeroham his son, Elkanah his son. {{rf{28}}} The sons of Samuel: Joel his firstborn and Abijah the second. {{rf{29}}} The sons of Merari: Mahli, Libni his son, Shimei his son, Uzzah his son, {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-05-23]] }}}
 {{rf{30}}} Shimea his son, Haggiah his son, and Asaiah his son. {{rf{31}}} Now these are the men whom David appointed for control of singing in the house of Yahweh where the ark rested. {{rf{32}}} They were ministering with song before the tabernacle of the tent of assembly until Solomon built the temple of Yahweh in Jerusalem. And they stood according to their order with respect to their duty. {{rf{33}}} Now these are those who served and their sons. Of the sons of the Kohathites: Heman the singer, the son of Joel, son of Samuel, {{rf{34}}} son of Elkanah, son of Jeroham, son of Eliel, son of Toah, {{rf{35}}} son of Zuph, son of Elkanah, son of Mahath, son of Amasai, {{rf{36}}} son of Elkanah, son of Joel, son of Azariah, son of Zephaniah, {{rf{37}}} son of Tahath, son of Assir, son of Ebiasaph, son of Korah, {{rf{38}}} son of Izhar, son of Kohath, son of Levi, son of Israel; {{rf{39}}} and his brother Asaph, who stood on his right namely, Asaph the son of Berechiah, son of Shimea, {{rf{40}}} son of Michael, son of Baaseiah, son of Malkijah, {{rf{41}}} son of Ethni, son of Zerah, son of Adaiah, {{rf{42}}} son of Ethan, son of Zimmah, son of Shimei, {{rf{43}}} son of Jahath, son of Gershom, son of Levi. {{rf{44}}} On the left were their brothers, the sons of Merari: Ethan the son of Kishi, son of Abdi, son of Malluch, {{rf{45}}} son of Hashabiah, son of Amaziah, son of Hilkiah, {{rf{46}}} son of Amzi, son of Bani, son of Shemer, {{rf{47}}} son of Mahli, son of Mushi, son of Merari, son of Levi. {{rf{48}}} And their brothers the Levites were appointed for all the service of the tabernacle of the house of God. {{rf{49}}} But Aaron and his sons made offerings on the altar of burnt offering and on the altar of incense for all the work of the most holy place, and to make atonement for Israel, according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded. {{rf{50}}} Now these are the sons of Aaron: Eleazar his son, Phinehas his son, Abishua his son, {{rf{51}}} Bukki his son, Uzzi his son, Zerahiah his son, {{rf{52}}} Meraioth his son, Amariah his son, Ahitub his son, {{rf{53}}} Zadok his son, Ahimaaz his son. {{rf{54}}} And these are their dwellings according to their settlements within their borders: to the sons of Aaron of the clans of Kohathites, for the first lot was theirs, {{rf{55}}} and they gave to them Hebron in the land of Judah and its surrounding pasturelands, {{rf{56}}} but the fields of the city and its villages they gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh. {{rf{57}}} To the sons of Aaron they gave the cities of refuge: Hebron, Libnah with its pasturelands, Jattir, Eshtemoa with its pasturelands, {{rf{58}}} Hilen with its pasturelands, Debir with its pasturelands, {{rf{59}}} Ashan with its pasturelands, and Beth-Shemesh with its pasturelands. {{rf{60}}} And from the tribe of Benjamin, Geba with its pasturelands, Alemeth with its pasturelands, and Anathoth with its pasturelands. All their cities were thirteen cities throughout their clans. {{rf{61}}} To the Kohathites who remained from the family of the half-tribe, the half of Manasseh, were given by lot ten cities. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-06-30]] }}}
 {{rf{62}}} To the Gershomites according to their clans thirteen cities were allotted out of the tribe of Issachar, out of the tribe of Asher, out of the tribe of Naphtali, and out of the tribe of Manasseh in Bashan. {{rf{63}}} To the Merarites twelve cities were allotted according to their clans out of the tribe of Reuben, out of the tribe of Gad, and out of the tribe of Zebulun. {{rf{64}}} So the Israelites gave the Levites the cities with their pasturelands. {{rf{65}}} And they gave by lot out of the tribe of Judah, out of the tribe of Simeon, and out of the tribe of Benjamin these cities that are mentioned by name. {{rf{66}}} And of the clans of the sons of Kohath were cities of their territory out of the tribe of Ephraim. {{rf{67}}} And they gave them the cities of refuge: Shechem with its pasturelands in the hill country of Ephraim, Gezer with its pasturelands, {{rf{68}}} Jokmeam with its pasturelands, Beth-Horon with its pasturelands, {{rf{69}}} Aijalon with its pasturelands, and Gath-Rimmon with its pasturelands. {{rf{70}}} And out of the half-tribe of Manasseh: Aner with its pasturelands, and Bileam with its pasturelands for the remaining the clans of the Kohathites. {{rf{71}}} To the Gershomites were given out of the clan of the half-tribe of Manasseh: Golan in Bashan with its pasturelands and Ashtaroth with its pasturelands. {{rf{72}}} And out of the tribe of Issachar: Kedesh with its pasturelands, Daberath with its pasturelands, {{rf{73}}} Ramoth with its pasturelands, and Anem with its pasturelands. {{rf{74}}} And out of the tribe of Asher: Mashal with its pasturelands, Abdon with its pasturelands, {{rf{75}}} Hukok with its pasturelands, and Rehob with its pasturelands. {{rf{76}}} And out of the tribe of Naphtali: Kedesh in Galilee with its pasturelands, Hammon with its pasturelands, and Kiriathaim with its pasturelands. {{rf{77}}} To the remainder of the Merarites were allotted out of the tribe of Zebulun: Rimmono with its pasturelands, Tabor with its pasturelands. {{rf{78}}} And beyond the Jordan at Jericho, on the east side of the Jordan, out of the tribe of Reuben: Bezer in the wilderness with its pasturelands, Jahzah with its pasturelands, {{rf{79}}} Kedemoth with its pasturelands, and Mephaath with its pasturelands. {{rf{80}}} And out of the tribe of Gad: Ramoth in Gilead with its pasturelands, Mahanaim with its pasturelands, {{rf{81}}} Heshbon with its pasturelands, and Jazer with its pasturelands. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-06-62]] }}}
The sons of Issachar: Tola, Puah, Jashub, and Shimron, four. {{rf{2}}} The sons of Tola: Uzzi, Rephaiah, Jeriel, Jahmai, Ibsam, and Shemuel, heads of their fathers' houses; for Tola, mighty warriors of their generations, their number in the days of David were twenty-two thousand six hundred. {{rf{3}}} The sons of Uzzi: Izrahiah. And the sons of Izrahiah: Michael, Obadiah, Joel, and Isshiah; all five of them were chiefs. {{rf{4}}} And in addition to them, according to their generations, according to the house of their fathers, were troops of the army for war: thirty-six thousand. For they had many wives and sons. {{rf{5}}} Now their kinsmen belonging to all the clans of Issachar were in all eighty-seven thousand mighty warriors, enrolled according to their genealogy. {{rf{6}}} The sons of Benjamin: Bela, Beker, and Jediael, three. {{rf{7}}} The sons of Bela: Ezbon, Uzzi, Uzziel, Jerimoth, and Iri, five, the heads of the house of the fathers, mighty warriors. And their enrollment by genealogy was twenty-two thousand thirty-four. {{rf{8}}} The sons of Beker: Zemirah, Joash, Eliezer, Elioenai, Omri, Jeremoth, Abijah, Anathoth, and Alemeth. All these were the sons of Beker. {{rf{9}}} And their enrollment by genealogy according to their generations, as heads of the house of their fathers, mighty warriors, was twenty thousand two hundred. {{rf{10}}} The sons of Jediael: Bilhan. And the sons of Bilhan: Jeush, Benjamin, Ehud, Kenaanah, Zethan, Tarshish, and Ahishahar. {{rf{11}}} All these were the sons of Jediael according to the heads of the families, mighty warriors, seventeen thousand two hundred, able to go to war. {{rf{12}}} And Shuppim and Huppim were the sons of Ir; Hushim, the son of Aher. {{rf{13}}} The sons of Naphtali: Jahziel, Guni, Jezer, and Shallum, the descendants of Bilhah. {{rf{14}}} The sons of Manasseh: Asriel, whom his Aramean concubine bore; she gave birth to Makir the father of Gilead. {{rf{15}}} And Machir took a wife for Huppim and for Shuppim. And the name of his sister was Maacah. And the name of the second, Zelophehad. And Zelophehad had daughters. {{rf{16}}} And Maacah the wife of Machir gave birth to a son, and she called his name Peresh. And the name of his brother was Sheresh, and his sons were Ulam and Rekem. {{rf{17}}} The sons of Ulam: Bedan. These were the sons of Gilead the son of Makir, son of Manasseh. {{rf{18}}} And his sister, Hammolecheth, gave birth to Ishhod, Abiezer, and Mahlah. {{rf{19}}} The sons of Shemida were Ahian, Shechem, Likhi, and Aniam. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-07-01]] }}}
 {{rf{20}}} The sons of Ephraim: Shuthelah and Bered his son, Tahath his son, Eleadah his son, Tahath his son, {{rf{21}}} Zabad his son, Shuthelah his son, and Ezer and Elead. And the men of Gath who were born in the land killed them because they came down to take their livestock. {{rf{22}}} And Ephraim their father mourned many days, and his brothers came to comfort him. {{rf{23}}} And Ephraim went in to his wife, and she conceived and gave birth to a son. And he called his name Beriah because disaster had been upon his house. {{rf{24}}} And his daughter was Sheerah, and she built Lower and Upper Beth-Horon and Uzzen-Sheerah. {{rf{25}}} And Rephah was his son, and Resheph, and Telah his son, Tahan his son, {{rf{26}}} Ladan his son, Ammihud his son, Elishama his son, {{rf{27}}} Nun his son, Joshua his son. {{rf{28}}} And their property and their dwellings were Bethel and its towns. And to the east, Naaran. And to the west, Gezer and its towns, and Shechem and its towns, up to Aija and its towns. {{rf{29}}} And along the borders of the sons of Manasseh: Beth-Shean and its towns, Taanach and its towns, Megiddo and its towns, and Dor and its towns. In these lived the sons of Joseph the son of Israel. {{rf{30}}} The sons of Asher: Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, Beriah, and their sister Serah. {{rf{31}}} The sons of Beriah: Heber and Malkiel, who was the father of Birzayith. {{rf{32}}} And Heber fathered Japhlet, Shomer, Hotham, and their sister Shua. {{rf{33}}} The sons of Japhlet: Pasach, Bimhal, and Ashvath. These were the sons of Japhlet. {{rf{34}}} The sons of Shemer: Ahi, Rohgah, Jehubbah, and Aram. {{rf{35}}} The sons of Helem his brother: Zophah, Imna, Shelesh, and Amal. {{rf{36}}} The sons of Zophah: Suah, Harnepher, Shual, Beri, Imrah, {{rf{37}}} Bezer, Hod, Shamma, Shilshah, Ithran, and Beera. {{rf{38}}} The sons of Jether: Jephunneh, Pispah, and Ara. {{rf{39}}} The sons of Ulla: Arah, Hanniel, and Rizia. {{rf{40}}} All of these were the sons of Asher, heads of the house of the fathers, chosen mighty warriors, heads of the princes. And their number enrolled by genealogy, in the army for the war, was twenty-six thousand men. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-07-20]] }}}
Now Benjamin fathered Bela his firstborn, Ashbel the second, Aharah the third, {{rf{2}}} Nohah the fourth, and Rapha the fifth. {{rf{3}}} And Bela had sons: Addar, Gera, Abihud, {{rf{4}}} Abishua, Naaman, Ahoah, {{rf{5}}} Gera, Shephuphan, and Huram. {{rf{6}}} And these are the sons of Ehud (these were heads of the families for the inhabitants of Geba, and they took them away to Manahath): {{rf{7}}} Naaman, Ahijah, and Gera, who took them away. And he fathered Uzza and Ahihud. {{rf{8}}} And Shaharaim fathered children in the fields of Moab after he had sent them away -- Hushim and Baara, his wives. {{rf{9}}} And he fathered by Hodesh his wife Jobab, Zibia, Mesha, Malcam, {{rf{10}}} Jeuz, Sakia, and Mirmah. These were his sons, heads of the families. {{rf{11}}} And by Husham he fathered Abitub and Elpaal. {{rf{12}}} The sons of Elpaal: Eber, Misham, Shemed (he built Ono and Lod with its towns), {{rf{13}}} and Beriah and Shema who were the heads of the families of the inhabitants of Aijalon (they themselves chased away the inhabitants of Gath). {{rf{14}}} Now Ahio, Shashak, Jeremoth, {{rf{15}}} Zebadiah, Arad, Eder, {{rf{16}}} Michael, Ishpah, and Joha were sons of Beriah. {{rf{17}}} And Zebadiah, Meshullam, Hizki, Heber, {{rf{18}}} Ishmerai, Izliah, and Jobab were the sons of Elpaal. {{rf{19}}} And Jakim, Zikri, Zabdi, {{rf{20}}} Elienai, Zillethai, Eliel, {{rf{21}}} Adaiah, Beraiah, and Shimrath were the sons of Shimei. {{rf{22}}} And Ishpan, Eber, Eliel, {{rf{23}}} Abdon, Zikri, Hanan, {{rf{24}}} Hananiah, Elam, Antothijah, {{rf{25}}} Iphdeiah, and Peniel were the sons of Shashak. {{rf{26}}} And Shamsherai, Shehariah, Athaliah, {{rf{27}}} Jaareshiah, Elijah, and Zikri were the sons of Jeroham. {{rf{28}}} These were the heads of the families according to their generations, chiefs. These lived in Jerusalem. {{rf{29}}} And Jeiel the father of Gibeon lived in Gibeon. And the name of his wife was Maacah. {{rf{30}}} And his firstborn son was Abdon, then Zur, Kish, Baal, Nadab, {{rf{31}}} Gedor, Ahio, Zeker, {{rf{32}}} and Mikloth (he fathered Shimeah). Now these also lived nearby their brothers in Jerusalem with their kinsmen. {{rf{33}}} And Ner fathered Kish, and Kish fathered Saul, and Saul fathered Jonathan, Malchi-Shua, Abinadab, and Eshbaal. {{rf{34}}} And the son of Jonathan was Merib-baal, and Merib-baal fathered Micah. {{rf{35}}} And the sons of Micah: Pithon, Melech, Tarea, and Ahaz. {{rf{36}}} And Ahaz fathered Jehoaddah, and Jehoaddah fathered Alemeth, Azmaveth, and Zimri. And Zimri fathered Moza. {{rf{37}}} And Moza fathered Binea; Raphah was his son, Eleasah his son, and Azel his son. {{rf{38}}} And Azel had six sons, and these are their names: Azrikam, Bokeru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah, and Hanan. All these were the sons of Azel. {{rf{39}}} And the sons of Eshek his brother: Ulam his firstborn, Jeush the second, and Eliphelet the third. {{rf{40}}} And the sons of Ulam were men who were mighty warriors, bowmen, and they had many sons and grandsons, one hundred and fifty. All these were Benjaminites. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-08-01]] }}}
So all Israel was enrolled in genealogy. And behold, they were written in the book of the kings of Israel. And Judah was taken away to Babylon on account of their sin. {{rf{2}}} Now the first inhabitants who were settled on their property in their cities in Israel were the priests, the Levites, and the temple servants. {{rf{3}}} And some of the people of Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh lived in Jerusalem: {{rf{4}}} Uthai the son of Ammihud, son of Omri, son of Imri, son of Bani, from the sons of Perez, the son of Judah. {{rf{5}}} And from the Shilonites: Asaiah the firstborn and his sons. {{rf{6}}} And from the sons of Zerah: Jeuel and their brethren, six hundred and ninety. {{rf{7}}} And from the sons of Benjamin: Sallu the son of Meshullam, son of Hodaviah, the son of Hassenuah; {{rf{8}}} Ibneah the son of Jeroham; Elah the son of Uzzi, son of Michri; Meshullam the son of Shephatiah, son of Reuel, son of Ibnijah; {{rf{9}}} and their brethren according to their generations, nine hundred and fifty-six. All these men were the heads of the families in the house of their fathers. {{rf{10}}} And from the priests: Jedaiah; Jehoiarib; Jakin; {{rf{11}}} Azariah son of Hilkiah, son of Meshullam, son of Zadok, son of Meraioth, son of Ahitub, the commander of the house of God; {{rf{12}}} Adaiah son of Jeroham, son of Pashhur, son of Malkijah; Maasai the son of Adiel, son of Jahzerah, son of Meshullam, son of Meshillemith, son of Immer; {{rf{13}}} and their kinsmen, heads of the house of their fathers, one thousand seven hundred and sixty mighty men for the work of the service of the house of God. {{rf{14}}} And from the Levites: Shemaiah son of Hasshub, son of Azrikam, son of Hashabiah, from the sons of Merari; {{rf{15}}} Bakbakkar; Heresh; Galal; Mattaniah the son of Mica, son of Zicri, son of Asaph; {{rf{16}}} Obadiah the son of Shemaiah, son of Galal, son of Jeduthun; and Berechiah the son of Asa, son of Elkanah, who lived in the villages of Netophathite. {{rf{17}}} And the gatekeepers were Shallum, Akkub, Talmon, Ahiman, and their brethren (Shallum was the chief); {{rf{18}}} until then they were gatekeepers at the gate of the king on the east side toward the camps of the Levites. {{rf{19}}} And Shallum the son of Kore, son of Ebiasaph, son of Korah, and his kinsmen of the house of his fathers, the Korahites, were over the work of the service, the guardians of the entrances to the tent, and their fathers were over the camp of Yahweh, guardians of the entrance. {{rf{20}}} And Phinehas the son of Eleazar was the leader over them in time past; Yahweh was with him. {{rf{21}}} Zechariah the son of Meshelemiah was gatekeeper at the doorway to the tent of assembly. {{rf{22}}} All of them were chosen as gatekeepers at the entrances, two hundred and twelve. They were enrolled by genealogies in their villages. They were established by David and Samuel the seer on account of their faithfulness. {{rf{23}}} So they and their sons were over the gates of the house of Yahweh at the house of the tent as guards. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-09-01]] }}}
 {{rf{24}}} The gatekeepers were on four sides: east, west, north, and south. {{rf{25}}} And their brethren in their villages were to come every seven days by turn to be with these. {{rf{26}}} For the four mighty gatekeepers, they who were Levites, were entrusted and were over the chambers and over the storerooms of the house of God. {{rf{27}}} And they lodged all around the house of God, for upon them was a responsibility. And they had charge of opening the house of God every morning. {{rf{28}}} And some of them were over the utensils of the service, for they count them when they are brought in and they count them when they are brought out. {{rf{29}}} And some of them were appointed over the objects, over the objects of the sanctuary, and over the wheat flour and the wine, the olive oil, the frankincense, and the spices. {{rf{30}}} And some of the sons of the priests mixed the fragrant ointment for the spices. {{rf{31}}} And Mattithiah, one of the Levites, was the firstborn of Shallum the Korahite and was entrusted with the work of the pan breads. {{rf{32}}} And from the sons of the Kohathites, some of their kinsmen were over the showbread to prepare it every Sabbath. {{rf{33}}} Now these were the singers; the heads of the families of the Levites were in the chambers free from other service, for day and night they were over them on the service. {{rf{34}}} These were the heads of the families of the Levites according to their genealogies, leaders. These lived in Jerusalem. {{rf{35}}} And these lived in Gibeon: Jeiel the father of Gibeon. And the name of his wife was Maacah. {{rf{36}}} And his firstborn son Abdon, and Zur, Kish, Baal, Ner, Nadab, {{rf{37}}} Gedor, Ahio, Zechariah, and Mikloth. {{rf{38}}} And Mikloth fathered Shimeam. And they also lived nearby their brothers in Jerusalem with their brothers. {{rf{39}}} And Ner fathered Kish, and Kish fathered Saul, and Saul fathered Jonathan, Malchi-Shua, Abinadab, and Eshbaal. {{rf{40}}} And the son of Jonathan was Meribaal. And Meribaal fathered Micah. {{rf{41}}} And the sons of Micah were Pithon, Melech, Tahrea, and Ahaz. {{rf{42}}} And Ahaz fathered Jarah, and Jarah fathered Alemeth, Azmaveth, and Zimri. And Zimri fathered Moza, {{rf{43}}} and Moza fathered Binea; and Rephaiah was his son, Eleasah his son, Azel his son. {{rf{44}}} And Azel had six sons, and these are their names: Azrikam, Bokeru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah, and Hanan. These were the sons of Azel. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-09-24]] }}}
Now the Philistines fought against Israel, and every Israelite fled away from before the Philistines. And they fell slain upon Mount Gilboa. {{rf{2}}} And the Philistines overtook Saul and his sons. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malki-Shua, the sons of Saul. {{rf{3}}} And the battle was heavy against Saul, and the archers found him, and he was wounded by the archers. {{rf{4}}} And Saul said to his armor-bearer, "Draw your sword and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised come and deal harshly with me." But he was very afraid. Then Saul took the sword and fell upon it. {{rf{5}}} When his armor-bearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell upon the sword, and he died. {{rf{6}}} So Saul died. And his three sons and all his house died together. {{rf{7}}} And when all the men of Israel who were in the valley saw that they had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they abandoned their cities and fled. Then the Philistines came and dwelled in them. {{rf{8}}} And it happened that on the next day when the Philistines came to strip the dead, they found Saul and his sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. {{rf{9}}} And they stripped him and took his head and his weapons, and they sent them throughout the land of the Philistines to bring news to their idols and the nation. {{rf{10}}} And they put his weapons in the temple of their gods, and they fastened his skull to the temple of Dagon. {{rf{11}}} When all Jabesh-Gilead heard all that the Philistines had done to Saul, {{rf{12}}} every strong man arose and took the dead body of Saul and the dead bodies of his sons and brought them to Jabesh. And they buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh and fasted seven days. {{rf{13}}} So Saul died on account of his sin which he had sinned against Yahweh concerning the command of Yahweh that he did not keep. He also consulted a medium to seek guidance. {{rf{14}}} But he did not seek Yahweh. So Yahweh put him to death and turned over the kingship to David, the son of Jesse. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-10-01]] }}}
Then all Israel gathered to David in Hebron, saying, "Look -- we are your flesh and bones. {{rf{2}}} For some time now, even when Saul was king, you were the one who led the army of Israel in battle. And Yahweh your God said to you, 'You will shepherd my people Israel and will be leader over my people Israel.'" {{rf{3}}} Then all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and David made a covenant with them at Hebron in the presence of Yahweh. And they anointed David as king over Israel according to the word of Yahweh by the hand of Samuel. {{rf{4}}} And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem (that is Jebus). And the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, were there. {{rf{5}}} And the inhabitants of Jebus said to David, "You will not enter here." But David captured the stronghold of Zion; that is, the city of David. {{rf{6}}} Then David said, "Whoever strikes the Jebusites first will be chief and commander." And Joab the son of Zeruiah went up first and became chief. {{rf{7}}} And David lived in the fortress. Therefore they called it the city of David. {{rf{8}}} And he built the city all around from the Millo and up to the circuit. And Joab restored the remainder of the city. {{rf{9}}} And David became greater and greater. And Yahweh of hosts was with him. {{rf{10}}} Now these are the chiefs of the mighty men who were for David, who gave him strong support in his kingdom, together with all Israel to make him king according to the word of Yahweh concerning Israel. {{rf{11}}} And this is the numbering of the mighty warriors who were for David: Jashobeam son of Hachmoni was chief of the three. He himself raised his spear against three hundred whom he killed on one occasion. {{rf{12}}} And after him was Eleazar son of Dodo the Ahohite. He was among the three mighty warriors. {{rf{13}}} He himself was with David at Pas-Dammim when the Philistines were gathered there for the battle. And there was a plot of the field filled with barley, and the people fled before the Philistines. {{rf{14}}} But they took their stand in the middle of the plot and defended it. And they killed the Philistines. And Yahweh saved them with a great victory. {{rf{15}}} And three of the thirty chiefs went down toward the rock to David at the cave of Adullam when the army of the Philistines was encamped in the valley of Rephaim. {{rf{16}}} And David was then in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem. {{rf{17}}} And David had a craving, and he said, "Who could give me a drink of water from the well of Bethlehem that is by the gate!" {{rf{18}}} Then the three broke through into the camp of the Philistines and drew water from the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate and brought it and came to David. But David would not drink it and poured it out before Yahweh. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-11-01]] }}}
 {{rf{19}}} And he said, "Far be it from me that I would do this before my God. Shall I drink the lifeblood of these men? For at the risk of their lives they brought it." And he was not willing to drink it. These things the three mighty men did. {{rf{20}}} Now Abishai the brother of Joab was himself the head of the three. And he roused himself with his spear against three hundred whom he killed and made a name for himself among the three. {{rf{21}}} He was twice as renowned among the three and was their commander. But he did not attain to the three. {{rf{22}}} And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was a strong man from Kabzeel, one who did great deeds. He himself struck down two sons of Ariel of Moab. And he himself went down and struck down a lion within a pit on a snowy day. {{rf{23}}} And he himself struck down an Egyptian man, a large man five cubits tall. And in the hand of the Egyptian was a spear like a weaver's beam. But he went down to him with a club and seized the spear from the hand of the Egyptian and killed him with his own spear. {{rf{24}}} These things Benaiah son of Jehoiada did and had a name among the three mighty warriors. {{rf{25}}} He himself was certainly distinguished among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David appointed him over his bodyguard. {{rf{26}}} Now the mighty warriors of the troops were Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo from Bethlehem, {{rf{27}}} Shammoth the Harorite, Helez the Pelonite, {{rf{28}}} Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, Abiezer the Anathothite, {{rf{29}}} Sibbecai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite, {{rf{30}}} Maharai the Netophathite, Heled the son of Baanah the Netophathite, {{rf{31}}} Ittai the son of Ribai from Gibeah of the people of Benjamin, Benaiah the Pirathonite, {{rf{32}}} Hurai of the valleys of Gaash, Abiel the Arbathite, {{rf{33}}} Azmaveth the Baharumite, Eliahba the Shaalbonite, {{rf{34}}} the sons of Hashem the Gizonite, Jehonathan the son of Shagee the Hararite, {{rf{35}}} Ahiam the son of Sacar the Hararite, Eliphal the son of Ur, {{rf{36}}} Hepher the Mekerathite, Ahijah the Pelonite, {{rf{37}}} Hezro the Carmelite, Naari the son of Ezbai, {{rf{38}}} Joel the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of Hagri, {{rf{39}}} Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite, the bearer of the weapons of Joab the son of Zeruiah, {{rf{40}}} Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite, {{rf{41}}} Uriah the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai, {{rf{42}}} Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite, a leader of the Reubenites, and thirty with him, {{rf{43}}} Hanan the son of Maacah, Jehoshaphat the Mithnite, {{rf{44}}} Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite, {{rf{45}}} Jediael the son of Shimri and Joha his brother the Tizite, {{rf{46}}} Eliel the Mahavite, Jeribai and Joshaviah the sons of Elnaam, Ithmah the Moabite, {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-11-19]] }}}
 {{rf{47}}} Eliel, Obed, and Jaasiel the Mezobaite. {{rf big{1}}} Now these are the ones who came to David at Ziklag while he was still shut up because of Saul, the son of Kish. And they were the mighty warriors helping with the war. {{rf{2}}} They were armed with the bow, able to shoot right-handed or left-handed, slinging stones or shooting arrows with the bow; they were kinsmen of Saul from Benjamin. {{rf{3}}} The leader was Ahiezer, then Jehoash, sons of Shemaah the Gibeonite; Jeiel and Pelet, sons of Azmaveth; Beracah; Jehu the Anathothite; {{rf{4}}} Ishmaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty warrior among the thirty who was over the thirty; Jeremiah; Jahaziel; Johanan; Jozabad the Gederathite; {{rf{5}}} Eluzai; Jerimoth; Bealiah; Shemariah; Shephatiah the Hariphite; {{rf{6}}} Elkanah, Isshiah, Azarel, Joezer, and Jashobeam the Korahites; {{rf{7}}} Joelah and Zebadiah, sons of Jeroham from the Gedor. {{rf{8}}} And from the Gadites, valiant mighty warriors, soldiers fit for war, expert with shield and spear, defected to David at the fortress toward the wilderness. And they had faces like lions and were swift as gazelles upon the mountains. {{rf{9}}} Ezer the chief, Obadiah second, Eliab third, {{rf{10}}} Mishmannah fourth, Jeremiah fifth, {{rf{11}}} Attai sixth, Eliel seventh, {{rf{12}}} Jehonan eighth, Elzabad ninth, {{rf{13}}} Jeremiah tenth, Macbannai eleventh. {{rf{14}}} These were the sons of Gad, leaders of the army. The smallest one was as a hundred, and the greatest as a thousand. {{rf{15}}} These were they who crossed the Jordan in the first month, when it was filled over its banks. And they put to flight all who were in the valley to the east and to the west. {{rf{16}}} And some of the sons of Benjamin and from Judah came to the fortress, to David. {{rf{17}}} And David went out to meet them and answered and said to them, "If you come in peace to me, to help me, my heart will be joined with you, but if you come to betray me to my adversaries, although there is no wrong on my hands, may the God of our fathers see and pass judgment." {{rf{18}}} Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, chief of the thirty who said: "We are yours, O David! And we are with you, O son of Jesse! Peace! Peace to you, and peace to those who help you, for your God helps you." So David appointed them as heads of the troops. {{rf{19}}} And some Manassites deserted to David when he came with the Philistines to the battle against Saul, but he did not help them, for the rulers of the Philistines sent him away upon counsel, saying, "He will desert to his master Saul at the cost of our heads." {{rf{20}}} When he went to Ziklag some Manassites deserted to him: Adnah, Jehozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, heads of the thousands that were for Manasseh. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-11-47]] }}}
 {{rf{21}}} And they themselves helped David against the troops, for all of them were mighty men of strength and were commanders in the army. {{rf{22}}} Day in and day out they came to David to help him until there was a great army, like the army of God. {{rf{23}}} And these are the numbers of the chiefs of those prepared for the army who came to David at Hebron to turn the kingdom of Saul over to him according to the word of Yahweh. {{rf{24}}} The sons of Judah bearing shield and spear: six thousand eight hundred armed troops. {{rf{25}}} From the men of Simeon, mighty warriors of strength for war: seven thousand one hundred. {{rf{26}}} From the Levites: four thousand six hundred. {{rf{27}}} Jehoiada the chief officer of the house of Aaron, and with him, three thousand seven hundred. {{rf{28}}} And Zadok, a young man, a mighty warrior of strength, and the house of his father: twenty-two commanders. {{rf{29}}} From the men of Benjamin, kinsmen of Saul, three thousand, and even still the majority of them remained loyal to the house of Saul. {{rf{30}}} And from the men of Ephraim: twenty thousand eight hundred mighty warriors of strength, famous men in the house of their fathers. {{rf{31}}} And from the half-tribe of Manasseh: eighteen thousand who were designated by name to come to make David king. {{rf{32}}} And from the men of Issachar: men who were skilled in understanding the times to know what Israel should do. Their chiefs were two hundred, and all their kinsmen were under their command. {{rf{33}}} From Zebulun, those who went out armed, equipped for battle with all the weapons of war: fifty thousand to help David with singleness of purpose. {{rf{34}}} From Naphtali: one thousand commanders; and those with them with shield and spear: thirty-seven thousand. {{rf{35}}} From the Danites, those equipped for battle: twenty-eight thousand six hundred. {{rf{36}}} And from Asher, those who went out armed and prepared for battle: forty thousand. {{rf{37}}} And from beyond the Jordan, from the Reubenites and the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh, with all their weapons of war for battle: one hundred and twenty thousand. {{rf{38}}} All these were men of war arrayed in battle line with a whole heart. They came to Hebron to make David king over all Israel. Likewise, all the rest of Israel had one heart to make David king. {{rf{39}}} And they were there with David three days, eating and drinking, for their kinsmen were prepared for them. {{rf{40}}} And also their relatives, as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought food on donkeys, on camels, on mules, and on oxen -- provisions of flour, cakes of figs, raisin cakes, wine and oil, cattle and sheep in abundance, for there was great joy in Israel. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-12-21]] }}}
And David consulted with the commanders of thousands and hundreds, with every leader. {{rf{2}}} And David said to all the assembly of Israel, "If it seems good to you and before Yahweh our God, let us send word abroad to our brothers who remain in all the land of Israel and to the priests and Levites with them in the cities with their pasturelands that they might be gathered to us. {{rf{3}}} Then let us bring around the ark of our God to us, for we did not seek it in the days of Saul." {{rf{4}}} And all the assembly agreed to do so, for the word was pleasing in the eyes of all the people. {{rf{5}}} And David summoned all Israel from Shihor of Egypt up to Lebo-Hamath to bring the ark of God from Kiriath-Jearim. {{rf{6}}} And David and all Israel went up to Baalah, Kiriath-Jearim of Judah, to bring up from there the ark of Yahweh God who is enthroned between the cherubim, which is called the name. {{rf{7}}} And they carried the ark of God upon a new cart from the house of Abinadab, and Uzza and Ahio were driving the cart. {{rf{8}}} Now David and all Israel were celebrating before God with all their strength, and with songs, lyres, harps, tambourines, cymbals, and trumpets. {{rf{9}}} And when they came to the threshing floor of Kidon, Uzza reached out his hand to hold the ark because the cattle had stumbled. {{rf{10}}} And Yahweh was angry with Uzza, and he struck him down because he reached his hand upon the ark. And he died there before God. {{rf{11}}} And David was angry because Yahweh had broken out in wrath against Uzza. And that place is called Perez Uzza unto this day. {{rf{12}}} And David feared God on that day, saying, "How can I bring the ark of God home to me?" {{rf{13}}} So David did not move the ark to himself into the city of David but diverted it to the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite. {{rf{14}}} And the ark of God remained with the household of Obed-Edom in his house three months. And Yahweh blessed the household of Obed-Edom and all that he had. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-13-01]] }}}
And Hiram, king of Tyre, sent messengers to David and cedar trees, masons, and carpenters to build a house for him. {{rf{2}}} And David knew that Yahweh had established him as king over Israel and that his kingdom was highly exalted for the sake of his people Israel. {{rf{3}}} And David took more wives in Jerusalem, and David fathered more sons and daughters. {{rf{4}}} Now these are the names of the children who were born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, {{rf{5}}} Ibhar, Elishua, Elpelet, {{rf{6}}} Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, {{rf{7}}} Elishama, Beeliada, and Eliphelet. {{rf{8}}} When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed as king over all Israel, all the Philistines went up to search for David. But David heard and went out from before them. {{rf{9}}} Now the Philistines came and carried out a raid in the Valley of Rephaim. {{rf{10}}} Then David inquired of God, saying, "Shall I go up against the Philistines? Will you put them into my hand?" And Yahweh said to him, "Go up. I will put them into your hand." {{rf{11}}} And he went up to Baal-Perazim, and David struck them there. And David said, "God has burst out against my enemies by my hand like waters burst out." Therefore they will call the name of this place Baal-Perazim. {{rf{12}}} And they abandoned their gods there. And David commanded, and they were burnt with fire. {{rf{13}}} Then the Philistines carried out another raid in the valley. {{rf{14}}} Then David inquired again of God. And God said to him, "You shall not go up after them. Go around from before them and come against them the opposite way of the balsam trees. {{rf{15}}} And it shall be that when you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, then go out into battle, for God goes out before you to strike the camp of the Philistines." {{rf{16}}} And David did as God commanded him, and they struck the camp of the Philistines from Gibeon to Gezer. {{rf{17}}} And the fame of David went out through all the lands. And Yahweh put the fear of him upon all the nations. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-14-01]] }}}
And David built houses for himself in the city of David, and he established a place for the ark of God. And he pitched a tent for it. {{rf{2}}} Then David ordered that none except the Levites should carry the ark of God, for Yahweh had chosen them to carry the ark of Yahweh and to serve him forever. {{rf{3}}} And David gathered all Israel to Jerusalem to bring up the ark of Yahweh to its place that he had established for it. {{rf{4}}} And David gathered the sons of Aaron and the Levites. {{rf{5}}} Of the sons of Kohath: Uriel the chief and one hundred and twenty of his brothers. {{rf{6}}} Of the sons of Merari: Asaiah the chief and two hundred and twenty of his brothers. {{rf{7}}} Of the sons of Gershom: Joel the chief and one hundred and thirty of his brothers. {{rf{8}}} Of the sons of Elizaphan: Shemaiah the chief and two hundred of his brothers. {{rf{9}}} Of the sons of Hebron: Eliel the chief and eighty of his brothers. {{rf{10}}} Of the sons of Uzziel: Amminadab the chief and one hundred and twelve of his brothers. {{rf{11}}} Then David summoned Zadok and Abiathar the priests, and the Levites Uriel, Asaiah, Joel, Shemaiah, Eliel, and Amminadab. {{rf{12}}} And he said to them, "You are the heads of the families for the Levites. Sanctify yourselves and your brothers and bring up the ark of Yahweh, the God of Israel, to the place I have established for it. {{rf{13}}} Because the first time you did not, and Yahweh our God burst out against us, for we did not care for it according to the law." {{rf{14}}} Then the priests and the Levites sanctified themselves to bring up the ark of Yahweh, the God of Israel. {{rf{15}}} And the sons of the Levites carried the ark of God according to what Moses commanded, according to the word of Yahweh, on their shoulders with the carrying poles upon them. {{rf{16}}} Then David ordered the chiefs of the Levites to appoint their brothers as singers with instruments of song, musical instruments, stringed instruments, and cymbals, raising their voices for joy. {{rf{17}}} So the Levites appointed Heman son of Joel, and from his brothers, Asaph the son of Berekiah, and from the sons of Merari, their brothers, Ethan the son of Kushaiah; {{rf{18}}} and with them their brothers of the second rank, Zechariah the son, Jaaziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, Mikneiah, and the gatekeepers Obed-Edom and Jeiel. {{rf{19}}} Now the singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan, were to sound bronze cymbals; {{rf{20}}} Zechariah, Aziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Maaseiah, and Benaiah were to play on harps according to Alamoth; {{rf{21}}} and Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, Mikneiah, Obed-Edom, Jeiel, and Azaziah were to play lyres, directing according to the Sheminith. {{rf{22}}} And Kenaniah, chief of the Levites in singing, was to be an instructor in singing because he understood. {{rf{23}}} And Berekiah and Elkanah were gatekeepers for the ark. {{rf{24}}} And Shebaniah, Jehoshaphat, Nethanel, Amasai, Zechariah, Benaiah, and Elizezer the priests sounded the trumpets before the ark of God. And Obed-Edom and Jehiah were gatekeepers for the ark. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-15-01]] }}}
 {{rf{25}}} And it happened that David and the elders of Israel and the commanders of thousands went to bring up the ark of the covenant of Yahweh from the house of Obed-Edom with joy. {{rf{26}}} And it happened that when God helped the Levites carrying the ark of the covenant of Yahweh, they sacrificed seven bulls and seven rams. {{rf{27}}} Now David was clothed with a robe of fine linen; so also all the Levites who were carrying the ark, the singers, and Kenaniah the chief of the singing. And David wore a linen ephod. {{rf{28}}} And all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of Yahweh with shouting, with the sound of a shofar, and with trumpets and cymbals, making loud music with musical instruments and stringed instruments. {{rf{29}}} And when the ark of the covenant of Yahweh came into the city of David, then Michal the daughter of Saul looked down from the window and saw the king, David, leaping and dancing. And she despised him in her heart. {{rf big{1}}} And they brought the ark of God and set it inside the tent that David had pitched for it. And they offered burnt offerings and fellowship offerings before God. {{rf{2}}} And when David had finished offering the burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, he blessed the people in the name of Yahweh. {{rf{3}}} And he distributed to every man of Israel, both men and women, to each person a loaf of bread, a cake of dates, and a cake of raisins. {{rf{4}}} Then he appointed some of the Levites as ministers before the ark of Yahweh, to invoke, thank, and praise Yahweh the God of Israel. {{rf{5}}} Asaph was chief, and his second was Zechariah; Jeiel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, Obed-Edom, and Jeiel were on harps and lyres. And Asaph played on the cymbals. {{rf{6}}} And Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests blew on the trumpets continually before the ark of the covenant of God. {{rf{7}}} Then on that day David first appointed to give thanks to Yahweh by the hand of Asaph and his brothers. {{rf{8}}} Give thanks to Yahweh; call upon his name; make known his deeds among the nations! {{rf{9}}} Sing to him; sing praises to him; tell of his wondrous works! {{rf{10}}} Glory in his holy name; let the hearts of those seeking Yahweh rejoice! {{rf{11}}} Seek Yahweh and his strength; seek his face continually! {{rf{12}}} Remember his wonderful works that he has done, his wonders and the judgments of his mouth, {{rf{13}}} O offspring of Israel, his servant, O sons of Jacob, his chosen ones! {{rf{14}}} He is Yahweh our God; his judgments are in all the earth. {{rf{15}}} Remember his covenant forever, the word he commanded for a thousand generations, {{rf{16}}} that he made with Abraham, his sworn oath to Isaac. {{rf{17}}} And he confirmed it to Jacob as a statute, an everlasting covenant to Israel, {{rf{18}}} saying, "To you I will give the land of Canaan, the portion of your inheritance." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-15-25]] }}}
 {{rf{19}}} When you were few in number, little, and sojourners were in it, {{rf{20}}} when they wandered from nation to nation, and from one kingdom to another people, {{rf{21}}} he did not allow anyone to oppress them, and he rebuked kings on their account, {{rf{22}}} saying, "You must not touch my anointed nor do harm to my prophets!" {{rf{23}}} Sing to Yahweh, all the earth! Proclaim his salvation from day to day! {{rf{24}}} Proclaim his glory among the nations, his wondrous works among the peoples! {{rf{25}}} For Yahweh is great and greatly praised, and he is feared among all gods. {{rf{26}}} For all the gods of the nations are idols, but Yahweh made the heavens. {{rf{27}}} Splendor and majesty are before him; strength and joy are in his place. {{rf{28}}} Ascribe to Yahweh, O clans of the nations, ascribe to Yahweh glory and strength! {{rf{29}}} Ascribe to Yahweh the glory of his name! Lift up an offering and come before him! Bow down to Yahweh in the splendor of holiness! {{rf{30}}} Tremble before him, all the earth; surely the world shall not be shaken. {{rf{31}}} Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad, and let them tell the peoples, "Yahweh reigns!" {{rf{32}}} Let the sea roar and its fullness; let the field rejoice and all that is in it. {{rf{33}}} Then the trees of the forest shall sing for joy before Yahweh, for he comes to judge the earth. {{rf{34}}} Oh give thanks to Yahweh, for he is good; his loyal love is everlasting. {{rf{35}}} Then say, "Save us, O God of our salvation; gather us and rescue us from the nations that we may give thanks to your holy name and glory in your praise. {{rf{36}}} Blessed be Yahweh the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting!" Then all the people said, "Amen!" and praised Yahweh. {{rf{37}}} So he left Asaph and his brothers there before the ark of the covenant of Yahweh to minister before the ark regularly as each day required, {{rf{38}}} and he left Obed-Edom with his sixty-eight brothers. And Obed-Edom, the son of Jeduthun, and Hosah were gatekeepers. {{rf{39}}} And he left Zadok the priest and his brothers the priests before the tabernacle of Yahweh at the high place which was at Gibeo {{rf{40}}} to offer burnt offerings regularly to Yahweh on the altar of burnt offering, morning and evening, according to all that was written in the law of Yahweh that he commanded concerning Israel. {{rf{41}}} And with them were Heman and Jeduthun and the remainder of those chosen, who were designated by name to give thanks to Yahweh, for his loyal love is everlasting. {{rf{42}}} And Heman and Jeduthun with them had trumpets and cymbals for making music, along with instruments for the song of God. And the sons of Jeduthun were at the gate. {{rf{43}}} Then all the people went each to his house, and David turned to bless his household. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-16-19]] }}}
And as David lived in his house, David said to Nathan the prophet, "Look, I live in a house of cedar, but the ark of the covenant of Yahweh is under tent curtains." {{rf{2}}} And Nathan said to David, "Whatever is in your heart, do, for God is with you." {{rf{3}}} And it happened that same night the word of God came to Nathan, saying, {{rf{4}}} "Go and say to David my servant, 'Thus says Yahweh, "You are not to build a house for me to live in, {{rf{5}}} for I have not lived in a house from the day that I brought out Israel unto this day. I have been from tent to tent and from tabernacle to tabernacle. {{rf{6}}} In every place I have moved about, did I say one word with the judges of Israel I commanded to shepherd my people, saying, 'Why have you not built for me a house of cedar?'" ' {{rf{7}}} So now, thus you shall say to my servant David, 'Thus says Yahweh of hosts, "I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, to be leader over my people Israel, {{rf{8}}} and I have been with you wherever you went and have cut down your enemies from before you and will make a name for you, like the name of the great ones on the earth. {{rf{9}}} And I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and I will plant them, and they shall dwell in their place and be in anguish no longer. And wicked men will no longer wear them down as before, {{rf{10}}} from the day that I commanded judges over my people Israel. And I will subdue your enemies, and I declare to you that Yahweh will build for you a house. {{rf{11}}} And it shall be that when your days are fulfilled to go and sleep with your ancestors, then I will raise up your seed after you, who will be one of your sons, and I will establish his kingdom. {{rf{12}}} He himself will build for me a house, and I will establish his throne forever. {{rf{13}}} I myself will be a father to him, and he himself will be a son to me. And I will not remove my steadfast love from him as I took it away from whoever was before you. {{rf{14}}} And I will establish him in my house and in my kingdom forever, and his throne will be established forever." '" {{rf{15}}} According to all these words and according to all this revelation, thus did Nathan speak to David. {{rf{16}}} Then King David went and sat before Yahweh and said, "Who am I, O Yahweh God, and what is my house that you have brought me thus far? {{rf{17}}} And this was a small matter in your eyes, O God. And you have spoken concerning the house of your servant for a long time and have shown me future generations to come, O Yahweh God. {{rf{18}}} What more can David do to you for honoring your servant? Now you know your servant. {{rf{19}}} O Yahweh, for the sake of your servant and according to your heart you have done all this greatness, to make known all these great things. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-17-01]] }}}
 {{rf{20}}} O Yahweh, there is none like you, and there is no God except you, according to all that we have heard with our ears. {{rf{21}}} And who is like your people Israel, the one nation upon earth whom God went to redeem for himself, to establish for you a reputation for great and awesome things, to drive out nations from before your people whom you redeemed from Egypt? {{rf{22}}} And you made your people Israel an everlasting nation for yourself. And you, O Yahweh, became their God. {{rf{23}}} So now, O Yahweh, let the word that you spoke to your servant and to his house be established forever, that you might do what you have spoken. {{rf{24}}} And let your name be established and be magnified forever, saying, 'Yahweh of hosts, the God of Israel, is Israel's God, and may the house of David your servant be established before you.' {{rf{25}}} For you, my God, have informed your servant that you will build a house for him. Therefore, your servant has found courage to pray before you. {{rf{26}}} So now, O Yahweh, you yourself are God, and you have spoken to your servant this good thing. {{rf{27}}} And now may you begin to bless the house of your servant to continue forever before you, for you, O Yahweh, have blessed. And it will be blessed forever." {{rf big{1}}} And it happened that after David struck the Philistines and subdued them, he captured Gath and its villages out of the hand of the Philistines. {{rf{2}}} And he struck Moab, and the Moabites became servants to David, bearing tribute. {{rf{3}}} And David struck Hadadezer, king of Zobah-Hamath, as he set up his monument at the Euphrates River. {{rf{4}}} And David captured from him one thousand chariots, seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand foot soldiers. And David hamstrung all the chariot horses but left one hundred of them to remain for chariots. {{rf{5}}} And when the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah-Hamath, David struck down twenty-two thousand men of Aram. {{rf{6}}} Then David set up garrisons in Aram of Damascus, and the Arameans became servants to David, bearing tribute. And Yahweh delivered David wherever he went. {{rf{7}}} And David took small round shields of gold that were upon the servants of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem. {{rf{8}}} And from Tibhath and from Cun, cities of Hadadezer, David captured very much bronze. Solomon made the bronze sea with it along with the columns and objects of bronze. {{rf{9}}} And when Tou the king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the whole army of Hadadezer the king of Zobah, {{rf{10}}} he sent Hadoram his son to King David to ask him for peace and to bless him because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him, for Tou had been at war with Hadadezer. And he brought with him all the objects of gold, silver, and bronze. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-17-20]] }}}
 {{rf{11}}} King David dedicated these also to Yahweh, along with the silver and gold that he had taken from all the nations, from Edom, Moab, the sons of Ammon, the Philistines, and Amalek. {{rf{12}}} And Abishai son of Zeruiah defeated eighteen thousand of Edom in the Valley of Salt. {{rf{13}}} And he put garrisons in Edom, and all Edom became servants to David. And Yahweh delivered David wherever he went. {{rf{14}}} So David reigned over all Israel, and he administered justice and righteousness to all his people. {{rf{15}}} And Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army, and Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder. {{rf{16}}} And Zadok son of Ahitub and Abimelech son of Abiathar were priests, and Shavsha was secretary. {{rf{17}}} And Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Kerethites and the Pelethites. And the sons of David were chief officials under the hand of the king. {{rf big{1}}} And it happened that after this Nahash the king of the Ammonites died, and his son reigned in his place. {{rf{2}}} And David said, "I will deal kindly with Hanun the son of Nahash because his father showed kindness to me." So David sent messengers to comfort him concerning his father. And the servants of David came to the land of the Ammonites, to Hanun, to comfort him. {{rf{3}}} But the princes of the Ammonites said to Hanun, "Do you think because David sent comforters to you that David honors your father? Is it not for the purpose of exploring so as to overthrow and spy out the land that his servants have come to you?" {{rf{4}}} So Hanun took the servants of David and shaved them and cut off their garments at the middle, up to the buttocks, and sent them away. {{rf{5}}} And they went and told David concerning the men, and he inquired of them, for the men were very disgraced. And the king said, "Dwell in Jericho until your beards grow out; then return." {{rf{6}}} And when the Ammonites saw that they made themselves odious to David, Hanun and the Ammonites sent one thousand talents of silver to hire for themselves horses and chariots from Aram-Naharaim, Aram-Maacah, and Zobah. {{rf{7}}} And they hired for themselves thirty-two thousand chariots and the king of Maacah and his people, and they came and encamped before Medeba. And the Ammonites were gathered from their cities and came to the battle. {{rf{8}}} And when David heard, he sent Joab and the entire army of mighty warriors. {{rf{9}}} And the Ammonites went out and took up positions for battle at the entrance of the city. And the kings who had come were alone in the field. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-18-11]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} When Joab saw that there was a battle line against him at the front and the back, he chose from among the chosen men in Israel and arranged them to meet Aram. {{rf{11}}} And the remainder of the people he put in the hand of Abishai his brother, and they were arranged to meet the Ammonites. {{rf{12}}} And he said, "If Aram is too strong for me, then you must be a help to me, but if the Ammonites are too strong for you, then I will help you. {{rf{13}}} Be strong! Let us strengthen ourselves on behalf of our people and on behalf of the cities of our God. And may Yahweh do what is good in his eyes." {{rf{14}}} And Joab and the people who were with him drew near before Aram for battle, and they fled before him. {{rf{15}}} And when the Ammonites saw that Aram had fled, they also fled before Abishai his brother, and they came to the city. Then Joab came to Jerusalem. {{rf{16}}} And when Aram saw that they were defeated before Israel, they sent messengers and brought out Aram, who was from beyond the Euphrates, with Shophach the commander of the army of Hadadezer before them. {{rf{17}}} And when it was told to David, he gathered all Israel and crossed the Jordan. And he came to them and was arrayed against them. Then David was arrayed to meet Aram in battle, and they fought with him. {{rf{18}}} And Aram fled before Israel. And David killed from Aram the men of seven thousand chariots and forty thousand foot soldiers, and he put to death Shophach the commander of the army. {{rf{19}}} And when the servants of Hadadezer saw that they were defeated before Israel, they made peace with David and became servants to him. So Aram was no longer willing to help the Ammonites. {{rf big{1}}} And it happened that in the spring time of year, the time when kings go out to battle, Joab led the troops of the army and destroyed the land of the Ammonites. And he came and besieged Rabbah, but David remained in Jerusalem. And Joab struck Rabbah and destroyed it. {{rf{2}}} And David took the crown of their king from his head and found it to weigh a talent of gold. And in it was a precious stone. Then it was placed upon the head of David. And he brought out the booty of the city, a large amount. {{rf{3}}} And the people who were in it he brought out, and he set them to work with saws and iron implements and axes. Thus David did to all the cities of the Ammonites. Then David returned, and all the nation went with him. {{rf{4}}} And after this there arose a war in Gezer with the Philistines. Then Sibbecai the Hushathite struck down Sippai, one of the descendants of the Rephaim. And they were subdued. {{rf{5}}} And again there was war with the Philistines. And Elhanan son of Jair struck down Lahmi, the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver's beam. {{rf{6}}} And again there was war in Gath. And there was a very tall man there, and he had six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot, twenty-four in all. He himself was also a descendant of the Rephaim. {{rf{7}}} And he taunted Israel, but Jehonathan son of Shimea, brother of David, struck him down. {{rf{8}}} These were born to the giants in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-19-10]] }}}
Then Satan stood against Israel and urged David to count Israel. {{rf{2}}} So David said to Joab and to the commanders of the nation, "Go, count Israel from Beersheba to Dan and bring a report to me that I might know their number." {{rf{3}}} But Joab said, "May Yahweh add to the people a hundred times what they are! Are they not, O my lord the king, all of them the king's servants? Why does my lord seek this? Why would he bring guilt to Israel?" {{rf{4}}} But the word of the king prevailed over Joab. Then he went about through all Israel and came to Jerusalem. {{rf{5}}} And Joab gave the number of the enrollment of the people to David. And it happened that all Israel was one million one hundred thousand men drawing a sword, and in Judah were four hundred and seventy thousand men drawing a sword. {{rf{6}}} But he did not count Levi and Benjamin among them, for the word of the king was repulsive to Joab. {{rf{7}}} But this word was displeasing in the eyes of God, and he struck Israel. {{rf{8}}} Then David said to God, "I have sinned severely in that I have done this thing. But now, please forgive the sin of your servant, for I have been very foolish." {{rf{9}}} Then Yahweh spoke to Gad the seer of David, saying, {{rf{10}}} "Go, you must speak to David, saying, 'Thus says Yahweh: "Three choices I offer to you. Choose one of them for yourself that I will do to you." '" {{rf{11}}} So Gad came to David and said to him, "Thus says Yahweh: 'Choose for yourself: {{rf{12}}} whether three years of famine or three months of devastation by your enemies while the sword of your enemies overtakes you, or three days of the sword of Yahweh, with disease in the land and the angel of Yahweh destroying throughout all the territory in Israel.' So now, see what word I should return to my sender." {{rf{13}}} Then David said to Gad, "I am very troubled. Let me into the hand of Yahweh, for his compassion is very great, but do not let me fall into the hand of a man." {{rf{14}}} So Yahweh sent a pestilence through Israel, and seventy thousand men from Israel fell. {{rf{15}}} And God sent an angel to Jerusalem to destroy it, and as he was about to destroy it, Yahweh saw and was grieved on account of the calamity. Then he said to the angel, the destroyer, "It is enough; slacken your hand." And the angel of Yahweh was standing by the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. {{rf{16}}} And David lifted his eyes and saw the angel of Yahweh standing between earth and heaven, with his sword drawn in his hand, stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders, clothed in sackcloth, fell upon their faces. {{rf{17}}} Then David said to God, "Was it not I who gave a command to count the people? Now I am he who has sinned, and I have certainly done wickedness, but these sheep, what have they done? O Yahweh, my God, please let your hand be against me and against the house of my father, but against your people, let there be no plague." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-21-01]] }}}
 {{rf{18}}} Now the angel of Yahweh had spoken to Gad to say to David that David should go up and erect an altar for Yahweh. {{rf{19}}} So David went up at the word of Gad that he had spoken in the name of Yahweh. {{rf{20}}} Now Ornan was threshing wheat, and Ornan turned and saw the angel, and his four sons with him hid themselves. {{rf{21}}} Then David came to Ornan, and Ornan looked and saw David. And he went out from the threshing floor, and they bowed down to David, faces to the ground. {{rf{22}}} Then David said to Ornan, "Please give me the place, the threshing floor, that I might build an altar on it to Yahweh; at full price please give it to me, that the plague against the people might be stopped." {{rf{23}}} And Ornan said to David, "Take it to yourself; let my lord the king do what is good in his eyes. See, I give the cattle for the burnt offerings and threshing sledges for the wood and wheat for the grain offering -- I give it all." {{rf{24}}} But King David said to Ornan, "No, for I will certainly buy it at full value; indeed, I will not take what is yours for Yahweh and offer burnt offerings for nothing." {{rf{25}}} So David gave to Ornan six hundred shekels of gold by weight for the place. {{rf{26}}} Then David built an altar there to Yahweh, and he offered burnt offerings and peace offerings, and he called to Yahweh. And he answered him with fire from heaven upon the altar of burnt offering. {{rf{27}}} Then Yahweh commanded the angel, and he returned his sword to its sheath. {{rf{28}}} At that time, when David saw that Yahweh answered him at the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite, he sacrificed there. {{rf{29}}} Now the tabernacle of Yahweh that Moses had made in the desert and the altar of burnt offering were at that time at the high place of Gibeon. {{rf{30}}} But David was not able to go before it to seek God, for he was afraid on account of the sword of the angel of Yahweh. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-21-18]] }}}
Then David said, "This will be the house of Yahweh God, and this altar of burnt offering for Israel." {{rf{2}}} And David commanded to assemble the resident aliens who were in the land of Israel and appointed stone craftsmen to cut dressed stones to build the house of God. {{rf{3}}} And David provided much iron for nails for the doors of the gates and for the seams, and abundant copper that could not be weighed, {{rf{4}}} and cedar timbers without number, for the Sidonians and Tyrians brought abundant cedars to David. {{rf{5}}} Then David said, "Solomon my son is a boy and inexperienced, and the house built for Yahweh must be exceedingly great in fame and splendor throughout every land. I will make preparations for him." So David provided abundant materials before he died. {{rf{6}}} Then he called to Solomon his son and commanded him to build a house for Yahweh, the God of Israel. {{rf{7}}} And David said to Solomon his son, "I myself had in my heart to build a house for the name of Yahweh my God, {{rf{8}}} but it happened that the word of Yahweh came over me, saying, 'You have shed much blood and have made much war; you shall not build a house for my name because you have shed much blood upon the ground before me. {{rf{9}}} Behold, a son shall be born to you; he himself will be a man of rest, and I will give rest to him from all his enemies all around, for his name will be Solomon, and peace and quietness I will give to Israel in his days. {{rf{10}}} He himself will build a house for my name, and he himself will be to me a son, and I will be to him as a father, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel forever.' {{rf{11}}} Now, my son, Yahweh will be with you, that you may succeed and build the house of Yahweh your God as he has spoken concerning you. {{rf{12}}} Only may Yahweh give to you understanding and insight that he might give you charge over Israel and the keeping of the law of Yahweh your God. {{rf{13}}} Then you will prosper if you take care to do the statutes and judgments which Yahweh commanded Moses concerning Israel. Be strong and be courageous; fear not and do not be dismayed. {{rf{14}}} Now see, with great effort I have made provision for the house of Yahweh: 100,000 talents of gold, 1,000,000 talents of silver, and bronze and iron that cannot be weighed, for there is an abundance. Also timber and stone I have provided, but to these you should add. {{rf{15}}} And with you there is an abundance of craftsmen: stonecutters, masons, carpenters, and everyone skilled in every kind of craftsmanship {{rf{16}}} with gold, silver, bronze, and iron without number. Arise and work! Yahweh will be with you!" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-22-01]] }}}
 {{rf{17}}} And David commanded all the commanders of Israel to help Solomon his son, saying, {{rf{18}}} "Is not Yahweh your God with you? And has he not given you rest all around? For he has put in my hand the inhabitants of the land, and the land is subdued before Yahweh and before his people. {{rf{19}}} Now set your heart and mind to seek Yahweh your Go, and arise and build the sanctuary of Yahweh God, that the ark of the covenant of Yahweh and the holy vessels of God might be brought into the house built for the name of Yahweh. {{rf big{1}}} Now David was old and full of days. And he made Solomon his son king over Israel. {{rf{2}}} And he assembled all the commanders of Israel and the priests and the Levites. {{rf{3}}} And the Levites thirty years old and above were counted, and their number according to their head count for the men was thirty-eight thousand. {{rf{4}}} Of these, David said, "Twenty-four thousand are to direct the work of the house of Yahweh, along with six thousand judges and officials, {{rf{5}}} four thousand gatekeepers, and four thousand offering praise with the instruments that I have made for praise." {{rf{6}}} And David organized them in divisions according to the sons of Levi: to Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. {{rf{7}}} For the Gershonites were Ladan and Shimei. {{rf{8}}} The sons of Ladan: Jehiel the chief and Zetham and Joel, three. {{rf{9}}} The sons of Shimei: Shelomoth, Haziel, and Haran, three. These were the heads of the families of Ladan. {{rf{10}}} And the sons of Shimei: Jahath, Zina, Jeush, and Beriah; these four were the sons of Shimei. {{rf{11}}} And Jahath was the chief, and Zizah the second, but Jeush and Beriah did not have many sons. They were enrolled as one for the house of a father. {{rf{12}}} The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel, four. {{rf{13}}} The sons of Amram: Aaron and Moses. And Aaron was set apart to consecrate the most holy things. He and his sons were to burn offerings forever before Yahweh to serve him and to bless in his name forever. {{rf{14}}} But Moses the man of God and his sons were reckoned among the tribe of Levi. {{rf{15}}} The sons of Moses: Gershom and Eliezer. {{rf{16}}} The sons of Gershom: Shebuel the chief. {{rf{17}}} And the sons of Eliezer were Rehabiah, the head. And Eliezer had no other sons, but the sons of Rehabiah were very many. {{rf{18}}} The sons of Izhar: Shelomith the chief. {{rf{19}}} The sons of Hebron: Jeriah the chief, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, and Jekameam the fourth. {{rf{20}}} The sons of Uzziel: Micah the chief and Isshiah the second. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-22-17]] }}}
 {{rf{21}}} The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. The sons of Mahli: Eleazar and Kish. {{rf{22}}} And Eleazar died, and he did not have sons, but only daughters. And the sons of Kish, their relatives, married them. {{rf{23}}} The sons of Mushi: Mahli, Eder, and Jeremoth, three. {{rf{24}}} These were the sons of Levi according to the house of their fathers, the heads of the families, according to their enrollment, by the number of the names, according to their head count, who were to do the work of the service of the house of Yahweh, from twenty years old and above. {{rf{25}}} For David said, "Yahweh, the God of Israel, has given rest to his people, and he dwells in Jerusalem forever. {{rf{26}}} And also, the Levites do not need to carry the tabernacle and all its vessels for its service." {{rf{27}}} For by the last words of David, they are the number of the sons of Levi, from twenty years old and above. {{rf{28}}} For their station was to assist the sons of Aaron with the service of the house of Yahweh, over the courtyards, over the chambers, and over the cleansing of all the sanctified objects, and with the work of the service of the house of God, {{rf{29}}} and with the rows of bread, the flour, the grain offering, the wafers of unleavened bread, the baked offering, the offering mixed with oil, and for all the amounts and measurements. {{rf{30}}} And they were to stand every morning, thanking and praising Yahweh, and likewise in the evening, {{rf{31}}} and for every burnt offering offered to Yahweh, on Sabbaths, on new moon festivals, and at the appointed feasts, according to the customary number required of them, regularly before Yahweh. {{rf{32}}} And they shall keep the responsibility of the tent of assembly, the responsibility of the sanctified objects, and the responsibility of the sons of Aaron, their brothers, to serve the house of Yahweh. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-23-21]] }}}
And as for the sons of Aaron, these were their divisions. The sons of Aaron were Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. {{rf{2}}} And Nadab and Abihu died before their father, and they had no sons, so Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests. {{rf{3}}} And David, with Zadok of the sons of Eleazar and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, divided them according to their appointments for their service. {{rf{4}}} And more sons of Eleazar were found as heads of the men than the sons of Ithamar, so they divided them to the sons of Eleazar to be sixteen heads over the house of the fathers, and to the sons of Ithamar over the house of the fathers were eight heads. {{rf{5}}} They divided them by lot all alike, for they were commanders of the sanctuary and commanders of God from among the sons of Eleazar and the sons of Ithamar. {{rf{6}}} And Shemaiah the son of Nethanel, the scribe, from the Levites, recorded them before the king, the princes, Zadok the priest, Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, and the heads of the families of the priests and Levites, one father's house drawn by Lot for Eleazar and one drawn by lot for Ithamar. {{rf{7}}} And the first lot went out to Jehoiarib, the second to Jedaiah, {{rf{8}}} the third to Harim, the fourth to Seorim, {{rf{9}}} the fifth to Malkijah, the sixth to Mijamin, {{rf{10}}} the seventh to Hakkoz, the eighth to Abijah, {{rf{11}}} the ninth to Jeshua, the tenth to Shekaniah, {{rf{12}}} the eleventh to Eliashib, the twelfth to Jakim, {{rf{13}}} the thirteenth to Huppah, the fourteenth to Jeshebeab, {{rf{14}}} the fifteenth to Bilgah, the sixteenth to Immer, {{rf{15}}} the seventeenth to Hezir, the eighteenth to Ha-Pizzez, {{rf{16}}} the nineteenth to Pethahiah, the twentieth to Ezekiel, {{rf{17}}} the twenty-first to Jakin, the twenty-second to Gamul, {{rf{18}}} the twenty-third to Delaiah, the twenty-fourth to Maaziah. {{rf{19}}} These were their appointments for their service to come into the house of Yahweh according to their custom by the hand of Aaron their father, as Yahweh the God of Israel had commanded him. {{rf{20}}} And as for the remainder of the sons of Levi: of the sons of Amram, Shubael; of the sons of Shubael, Jehdeiah. {{rf{21}}} Of Rehabiah: of the sons of Rehabiah, Isshiah the chief. {{rf{22}}} Of the Izharites, Shelomoth; of the sons Shelomoth, Jahath. {{rf{23}}} Of the sons of Jeriah, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, Jekameam the fourth. {{rf{24}}} The sons of Uzziel, Micah; the sons of Micah, Shamur. {{rf{25}}} The brother of Micah, Isshiah; of the sons of Isshiah, Zechariah. {{rf{26}}} The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi; the sons of Jaaziah, his son. {{rf{27}}} The sons of Merari: of Jaaziah, his son, Shoham, Zakkur, and Ibri. {{rf{28}}} Of Mahli: Eleazar, who had no sons. {{rf{29}}} Of Kish: the sons of Kish, Jerahmeel. {{rf{30}}} And the sons of Mushi: Mahli, Eder, and Jerimoth. These were the sons of the Levites according to the house of their fathers. {{rf{31}}} And lots were also cast for these, just as their brothers, the sons of Aaron, before David the king, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the heads of the families for the priests and for the Levites the fathers, on the principle of the chief and younger brother alike. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-24-01]] }}}
And David and the commanders of the army set apart for the service the sons of Asaph, of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who prophesied with stringed instruments, with harps, and with cymbals. And their inventory of the men of the work and for their duty was: {{rf{2}}} for the sons of Asaph: Zakkur, Joseph, Nethaniah, and Asarelah, sons of Asaph, under the hand of Asaph, who prophesied under the hands of the king. {{rf{3}}} Of Jeduthun, the sons of Jeduthun: Gedaliah, Zeri, Jeshaiah, Heshabiah, and Mattithiah, six, under the hands of their father Jeduthun, who prophesied with the stringed instrument with thanksgiving and praise to Yahweh. {{rf{4}}} Of Heman, the sons of Heman: Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel and Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti and Romamti-ezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, Mahazioth. {{rf{5}}} All these were sons to Heman, the seer of the king, according to the words of God to raise a horn. And God had given to Heman fourteen sons and three daughters. {{rf{6}}} All these were under the direction of their father in the music of the house of Yahweh, with cymbals, harps, and stringed instruments for the service of the house of God. Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman were under the direction of the king. {{rf{7}}} And their number, along with their brothers, trained singers, all the skilled people for Yahweh, were two hundred and eighty-eight. {{rf{8}}} And they cast lots for responsibilities on the principle of small and great alike, teacher with student. {{rf{9}}} And the first lot for Asaph went out to Joseph; the second to Gedaliahu; he and his brothers and his twelve sons. {{rf{10}}} The third, Zakkur, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{11}}} the fourth to Izri, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{12}}} the fifth, Nethaniah, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{13}}} the sixth, Bukkiah, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{14}}} the seventh, Jesarelah, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{15}}} the eighth, Jeshaiah, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{16}}} the ninth, Mattaniah, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{17}}} the tenth, Shimei, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{18}}} eleventh, Azarel, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{19}}} the twelfth to Hashabiah, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{20}}} to the thirteenth, Shubael, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{21}}} to the fourteenth, Mattithiah, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{22}}} to the fifteenth, to Jeremoth, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{23}}} to the sixteenth, to Hananiah, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{24}}} to the seventeenth, to Joshbekashah, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{25}}} to the eighteenth, to Hanani, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{26}}} to the nineteenth, to Mallothi, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{27}}} to the twentieth, to Eliathah, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{28}}} to the twenty-first, to Hothir, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{29}}} to the twenty-second, to Giddalti, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{30}}} to the twenty-third, to Mahazioth, his sons and his brothers, twelve; {{rf{31}}} to the twenty-fourth, to Romamti-ezer, his sons and his brothers, twelve. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-25-01]] }}}
As for the working groups of the gatekeepers: of the Korahites, Meshelemiah the son of Kore, from the sons of Asaph. {{rf{2}}} And Meshelemiah had sons: Zechariah the firstborn, Jediael the second, Zebadiah the third, Jathniel the fourth, {{rf{3}}} Elam the fifth, Jehohana the sixth, Eliehoenai the seventh. {{rf{4}}} And Obed-Edom had sons: Shemaiah the firstborn, Jehozabad the second, Joah the third, Sachar the fourth, Nethanel the fifth, {{rf{5}}} Ammiel the sixth, Issachar the seventh, Peullethai the eighth; for God blessed him. {{rf{6}}} And to Shemaiah his son were sons born who were rulers in the house of their father, for they were mighty warriors of ability. {{rf{7}}} The sons of Shemaiah: Othni, Rephael, Obed, and Elzabad, whose brothers were sons of ability, Elihu and Semakiah. {{rf{8}}} All these from the sons of Obed-Edom, they and their sons, and their brothers were men of ability with strength for service; sixty-two of Obed-Edom. {{rf{9}}} And Meshelemiah had sons and brothers, sons of ability, eighteen. {{rf{10}}} And Hosah, from the sons of Merari, had sons: Shimri the chief (though he was not firstborn, his father appointed him as chief), {{rf{11}}} Hilkiah the second, Tabaliah the third, Zechariah the fourth: all the sons and brothers of Hosah were thirteen. {{rf{12}}} These working groups of gatekeepers, corresponding to the chief men, had responsibilities like their brothers to serve in the house of Yahweh. {{rf{13}}} And they cast lots, small and great alike, by their fathers' houses, for their gates. {{rf{14}}} And the lot fell to the east to Shelemiah. As for Zechariah his son, a wise counselor, they cast lots. And his lot came out for the north. {{rf{15}}} To Obed-Edom went out the south, and to his sons, the storehouses. {{rf{16}}} For Shuppim and Hosah it went out for the west, at the gate of Shalleketh, on the road that goes up, guard for guard. {{rf{17}}} To the east, six Levites; to the north, four daily; to the south, four daily; and at the storerooms, two by two. {{rf{18}}} For the court to the west, four at the road, two at the court. {{rf{19}}} These were the working groups of the gatekeepers among the sons of the Korahites and among the sons of Merari. {{rf{20}}} And of the Levites: Ahijah was over the treasuries of the house of God and over the treasuries of the sanctified objects. {{rf{21}}} The sons of Ladan: the sons of the Gershonites belonging to Ladan, the heads of the families belonging to Ladan the Gershonite: Jehieli. {{rf{22}}} The sons of Jehieli, Zetham and Joel his brother, were over the treasuries of the house of Yahweh. {{rf{23}}} Of the Amramites, the Izharites, the Hebronites, and the Ozzielites: {{rf{24}}} Shebuel the son of Gershom, the son of Moses, was commander over the treasuries. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-26-01]] }}}
 {{rf{25}}} And his brothers: from Eliezer were Rehabiah his son, and Jeshaiah his son, and Joram his son, and Zikri his son, and Shelomoth his son. {{rf{26}}} That Shelomoth and his brothers were over all the treasuries of the sanctified objects that King David and the heads of the families to the commanders of thousands and hundreds and the commanders of the army had dedicated. {{rf{27}}} From the battles and from the spoil they had dedicated these things to strengthen the house of Yahweh. {{rf{28}}} And all that Samuel the seer, and Saul the son of Kish, and Abner the son of Ner, and Joab the son of Zeruiah had dedicated -- all the dedicated gifts were under the hand of Shelomith and his brothers. {{rf{29}}} For the Izharites: Kenaniah and his sons were appointed to the duties outside of Israel as officials and as judges. {{rf{30}}} For the Hebronites: Hashabiah and his brothers, one thousand seven hundred men of ability, were over the administration of Israel beyond the Jordan westward, for all the work of Yahweh and for the service of the king. {{rf{31}}} For the Hebronites: Jeriah the chief of the Hebronites for the genealogy for the families. (In the fortieth year of the reign of David they were examined, and there was found among them mighty warriors of strength at Jazer in Gilead.) {{rf{32}}} And his brothers, sons of ability, were two thousand seven hundred heads of the families, and King David appointed them over the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, for every matter of God and matter of the king. {{rf big{1}}} And as for the number of the Israelites, the heads of families, the commanders of thousands and hundreds, and their officials who serve the king in all matters of the working groups that came and went, month by month, throughout all the months of the year, each working group: twenty-four thousand. {{rf{2}}} Over the first working group for the first month: Jashobeam the son of Zabdiel. And he was over his working group of twenty-four thousand. {{rf{3}}} From the sons of Perez who was the chief of the commanders of the armies for the first month. {{rf{4}}} And over the working groups of the second month: Dodai the Ahohite and his working group, and Mikloth the commander. And he was over his working group of twenty-four thousand. {{rf{5}}} The third commander of the army for the third month was Benaiah son of Jehoiada the chief priest. And he was over his working group of twenty-four thousand. {{rf{6}}} This was Benaiah who was a mighty warrior of thirty, and over the thirty and his working group was Ammizabad his son. {{rf{7}}} The fourth, for the fourth month, was Asahel the brother of Joab and his son Zebadiah after him. And he was over his working group of twenty-four thousand. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-26-25]] }}}
 {{rf{8}}} The fifth, for the fifth month, the commander was Shamhuth the Izrahite. And he was over his working group of twenty-four thousand. {{rf{9}}} The sixth, for the sixth month, was Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite. And he was over his working group of twenty-four thousand. {{rf{10}}} The seventh, for the seventh month, was Helez the Pelonite, from the sons of Ephraim. And he was over his working group of twenty-four thousand. {{rf{11}}} The eighth, for the eighth month, was Sibbecai the Hushathite of the Zerahites. And he was over his working group of twenty-four thousand. {{rf{12}}} The ninth, for the ninth month, was Abiezer the Anathothite of the Benjamites. And he was over his working group of twenty-four thousand. {{rf{13}}} The tenth, for the tenth month, was Maharai the Netophathite of the Zerahites. And he was over his working group of twenty-four thousand. {{rf{14}}} The eleventh, for the eleventh month, was Benaiah the Pirathonite from the sons of Ephraim. And he was over his working group of twenty-four thousand. {{rf{15}}} The twelfth, for the twelfth month, was Heldai the Netophathite, of Othniel. And he was over his working group of twenty-four thousand. {{rf{16}}} And over the tribes of Israel, for the Reubenites: the commander was Eliezer the son of Zikri. For the Simeonites: Shephatiah the son of Maacah. {{rf{17}}} For Levi: Hashabiah the son of Kemuel. For Aaron, Zadok. {{rf{18}}} For Judah: Elihu, from the brothers of David. For Issachar: Omri the son of Michael. {{rf{19}}} For Zebulun: Ishmaiah the son of Obadiah. For Naphtali: Jerimoth the son of Azriel. {{rf{20}}} For the Ephraimites: Hoshea the son of Azaziah. For the half-tribe of Manasseh: Joel the son of Pedaiah. {{rf{21}}} For the half-tribe of Manasseh in Gilead: Iddo the son of Zechariah. For Benjamin: Jaasiel son of Abner. {{rf{22}}} For Dan: Azarel the son of Jeroham. These were the commanders of the tribes of Israel. {{rf{23}}} And David did not take a census of those twenty years old or under because Yahweh promised to make Israel more numerous than the stars of heaven. {{rf{24}}} Joab the son of Zeruiah began to count, but he did not finish. But wrath came upon Israel concerning this, and the number was not included in the chronicles of King David. {{rf{25}}} And over the treasury rooms of the king was Azmaveth the son of Adiel. And over the treasuries in the country, in the cities, in the unwalled villages, and in the towers was Jonathan the son of Uzziah. {{rf{26}}} And over those who did the work in the field to till the soil was Ezri the son of Kelub. {{rf{27}}} And over the vineyards was Shemei the Ramathite. And over the produce in the vineyards for the storehouses of the wine was Zabdi the Shiphmite. {{rf{28}}} And over the olive trees and the sycamore trees that were in the Shephelah was Baal-Hanan the Gederite. And over the treasury houses of olive oil was Joash. {{rf{29}}} And over the cattle pastured in the Sharon was Shitrai the Sharonite. And over the cattle in the valley was Shaphat the son of Adlai. {{rf{30}}} And over the camels was Obil the Ishmaelite. And over the female donkeys was Jehdeiah the Meronothite. And over the sheep was Jaziz the Hagrite. {{rf{31}}} All of these were officials of the property of King David. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-27-08]] }}}
 {{rf{32}}} And Jehonathan the uncle of David was an adviser, a man of insight, and he was a scribe. And Jehiel the son of Hachmoni was with the sons of the king. {{rf{33}}} And Ahithophel was an adviser to the king, and Hushai the Arkite was a friend of the king. {{rf{34}}} And after Ahithophel came Jehoiada, the son of Benaiah, and Abiathar. And Joab was the commander of the king's army. {{rf big{1}}} Then David assembled all the commanders of Israel, the commanders of the tribes and the commanders of working groups who served the king, and the commanders of thousands, the commanders of hundreds, and the commanders over all the property of the king and his sons, with the court officials and mighty warriors, and all the mighty warriors of ability, at Jerusalem. {{rf{2}}} And King David rose to his feet and said, "Listen to me, my brothers and my people. I myself wanted to build a house of rest for the ark of the covenant of Yahweh and the footstool of our God, and I prepared to build. {{rf{3}}} But God said to me, 'You may not build a house for my name because you are a man of war, and you have shed blood.' {{rf{4}}} But Yahweh the God of Israel chose me from all of the house of my father to be king over Israel forever, for he chose Judah as leader, and in the house of Judah, the house of my father, and among the sons of my father he took pleasure in me to reign over all Israel. {{rf{5}}} And from all my sons -- for Yahweh has given many sons to me -- he has chosen Solomon my son to sit on the throne of the kingdom of Yahweh over Israel. {{rf{6}}} And he said to me, 'Solomon your son, he himself shall build my house and my courts, for I have chosen him as a son to myself, and I myself will be as a father to him, {{rf{7}}} and I will establish his kingdom forever if he firmly performs my commandments and my judgments as he has to this day.' {{rf{8}}} So now in the sight of all Israel, the assembly of Yahweh, and in the hearing of our God, observe and seek all the commandments of Yahweh your God so that you may take possession of this good land and bestow it as an inheritance to your children after you forever." {{rf{9}}} "And you, Solomon my son, know the God of your father and serve him with a whole heart and a willing mind, for Yahweh searches all hearts and understands every plan and all thoughts. If you seek him, he will be found by you, but if you abandon him, he will reject you forever. {{rf{10}}} Look now, for Yahweh has chosen you to build a house for the sanctuary; be strong and do it!" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-27-32]] }}}
 {{rf{11}}} Then David gave to Solomon his son the plan of the vestibule and of its houses, its treasuries, its upper rooms, its inner chambers, and of the house of the lid of the ark, {{rf{12}}} and the plan of all that he had in mind for the courtyards of the house of Yahweh and for all the surrounding storage rooms, the treasuries of the house of God, and the treasuries for sanctified objects, {{rf{13}}} and for the working groups of the priests and the Levites, and for all the work of the service of the house of Yahweh, and for all the vessels for the service of the house of Yahweh, {{rf{14}}} and for the gold, according to the weight of the gold for all the vessels of the service, and the service of all the vessels of silver according to the weight of all the vessels for every kind of service. {{rf{15}}} And the weight of the golden lampstands and the golden lamps, the weight of each lampstand and each lamp, and the silver according to the weight of a lampstand and its lamp, according to the use of each lampstand, {{rf{16}}} and the weight of gold for the tables of the arranged bread, each table, and silver for the tables of silver, {{rf{17}}} and pure gold for the three-pronged meat forks, and the bowls and the pitchers, and for the golden bowls, by weight for each bowl, and for the silver bowls, by weight for each bowl, {{rf{18}}} and for the altar of incense made of refined gold, by weight, and gold for the plan for the chariot -- the cherubim with outspread and covering wings over the ark of the covenant of Yahweh. {{rf{19}}} "All this I give you in writing; from the hand of Yahweh he instructed me about all the workings of this plan." {{rf{20}}} Then David said to Solomon his son, "Be strong and courageous, and do this! Do not be afraid and do not be dismayed, for Yahweh God, my God, is with you. He will not fail you and will not forsake you until all the work of the service of the house of Yahweh is finished. {{rf{21}}} And behold, the working groups of the priests and the Levites for all the service of the house of God; and with you in all the work for all those willing with the skill for every service, and the commanders and all the people for all your commands." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-28-11]] }}}
Then David the king said to all the assembly, "God has chosen Solomon my son alone, a young man and inexperienced, and the work is great, for the citadel is not for humankind, but for Yahweh God. {{rf{2}}} So I have provided for the house of my God according to all my strength, the gold for the things of gold, the silver for the things of silver, the bronze for the things of bronze, the iron for the things of iron, and the wood for the things of wood, along with an abundance of onyx stones, stones for settings, stones of turquoise, and variegated stones, and all kinds of precious stones and alabaster stones. {{rf{3}}} And moreover, with respect to my provisions for the house of my God I have a treasure of gold and silver that I have given to the house of my God above all that I have provided for the holy house: {{rf{4}}} three thousand talents of gold from the gold of Ophir and seven thousand talents of refined silver to overlay the walls of the houses, {{rf{5}}} gold for the golden things and silver for the silver things, for all the work by the hand of skilled craftsmen. Now who will offer willingly, consecrating himself today to Yahweh?" {{rf{6}}} Then the commanders of the families, the commanders of the tribes of Israel, and the commanders of thousands and hundreds, and the commanders of the work of the king offered themselves willingly. {{rf{7}}} And they gave for the service of the house of God five thousand talents and ten thousand darics of gold, ten thousand talents of silver, eighteen thousand talents of bronze, and one hundred thousand talents of iron. {{rf{8}}} And whoever had precious stones gave them to the treasury of the house of Yahweh under the authority of Jehiel the Gershonite. {{rf{9}}} And the people rejoiced over their freewill offering, for with a whole heart they had willingly offered to Yahweh, and King David also rejoiced with great joy. {{rf{10}}} Then David blessed Yahweh in the sight of all the assembly, and David said, "Blessed are you, O Yahweh, God of Israel, our father forever and ever! {{rf{11}}} To you, O Yahweh, is the greatness and the power and the splendor and the glory and the strength, for everything in the heavens and in the earth. Yours, O Yahweh, is the kingdom and exaltation over all as head! {{rf{12}}} And wealth and glory are from you, and you rule over all. And in your hand is power and might. And in your hand is power to make great and to give strength to all. {{rf{13}}} And now, our God, we give thanks to you and offer praise to the name of your splendor. {{rf{14}}} And indeed, who am I, and who are my people that we retain power to offer according to these offerings willingly? For everything is from you, and from your hand we have given to you. {{rf{15}}} For we are strangers before you and sojourners like all our ancestors. Our days are like the shadow upon earth, and there is no hope of abiding. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-29-01]] }}}
 {{rf{16}}} O Yahweh our God, all this abundance that we have provided to build for you a house for your holy name is from your hand, and all of it is yours. {{rf{17}}} And I know, my God, that you yourself test the heart and are pleased with uprightness. I, in the uprightness of my heart, have willingly offered all these things, and now I have seen your people who are found here willingly offer to you. {{rf{18}}} O Yahweh, God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, our ancestors, keep this forever as a plan and thoughts of the heart of your people, and establish their heart toward you. {{rf{19}}} Grant to Solomon my son a heart of peace to keep your commands, your statutes, and your regulations to do everything, and to build the citadel for which I have provided." {{rf{20}}} And David said to all the assembly, "Bless Yahweh your God!" And all the assembly blessed Yahweh, the God of their ancestors. And they bowed down and prostrated themselves before Yahweh and the king. {{rf{21}}} And they offered sacrifices to Yahweh, and on that next day they offered burnt offerings to Yahweh: one thousand bulls, one thousand rams, one thousand lambs, with their libations and sacrifices in abundance for all Israel. {{rf{22}}} And they ate and drank before Yahweh on that day with great joy. And they made Solomon the son of David king the second time, and they anointed him commander for Yahweh, and Zadok the priest. {{rf{23}}} Then Solomon sat upon the throne of Yahweh as king in place of David his father. And he prospered, and all Israel obeyed him. {{rf{24}}} And all the officials and mighty warriors, and also all the sons of King David, pledged allegiance to King Solomon. {{rf{25}}} And Yahweh made Solomon exceedingly great in the sight of all Israel, and he bestowed upon him royal splendor that was not bestowed upon any king before him in Israel. {{rf{26}}} And David the son of Jesse reigned over all Israel. {{rf{27}}} And the days that he reigned over Israel were forty years. In Hebron he reigned seven years, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three years. {{rf{28}}} And he died in a good old age, full of days, wealth, and honor. And Solomon his son reigned in his place. {{rf{29}}} Now the words of King David, from the first to the last, see, they are written among the words of Samuel the seer, and among the words of Nathan the prophet, and among the words of Gad the seer, {{rf{30}}} with all the accounts of his kingdom, his power, and the times that came upon him, and upon Israel, and upon all the kingdoms of the earth. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Chron-29-16]] }}}
* America is Corinth.  The American church is the Corinthian church.  We should give close attention to these letters.  
* If it weren't for Paul's admonishments to the Corinthians we would hardly know how to speak to the stubbornly immature.  More than half of our concept of the selfish, unsanctified believer (witness the descriptor //carnal//) is formed by these two letters. 
* About shaming, see <<Bbl 1C 3:1 "" note >>. 
Paul, called to be an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother, {{rf{2}}} to the church of God sanctified in Christ Jesus that is in Corinth, called to be saints, together with all those who call upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ in every place, their Lord and ours. {{rf{3}}} Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. {{rf{4}}} I give thanks to my God always concerning you, because of the grace of God which was given to you in Christ Jesus, {{rf{5}}} that in everything you were made rich in him, in all speech and all knowledge, {{rf{6}}} just as the testimony about Christ has been confirmed in you, {{rf{7}}} so that you do not lack in any spiritual gift as you eagerly await the revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ, {{rf{8}}} who will also confirm you until the end, blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. {{rf{9}}} God is faithful, by whom you were called to fellowship with his Son Jesus Christ our Lord. {{rf{10}}} Now I exhort you, brothers, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you all say the same thing and there not be divisions among you, and that you be made complete in the same mind and with the same purpose. {{rf{11}}} For it has been made clear to me concerning you, my brothers, by Chloe's people, that there are quarrels among you. {{rf{12}}} But I say this, that each of you is saying, "I am with Paul," and "I am with Apollos," and "I am with Cephas," and "I am with Christ." {{rf{13}}} Has Christ been divided? Paul was not crucified for you, was he? Or were you baptized in the name of Paul? {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-01-01]] }}}
1:1-10     The introduction resounds with the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ and with reminders of their eternal status and calling, all in preparation for vs. 10.
1:6-8	A reciprocal confirmation.
1:12    //I am Christ's//   -  Perhaps they claimed special guidance as gnostics; or one faction had somehow reduced Christ to a party-leader in the earthly terms; or perhaps Paul is making a rhetorical point.
1:14-16    Paul practically steps on himself to avoid some perceived slight.  Thoughtfull kindness, combined no doubt with hard experience. 
<<Bbl 1C 1:18 abbr >>    [[Divide]]
<<Bbl 1C 1:20 abbr >>    see <<Bbl I 19:11 >>, <<Bbl I 29:14 >>. All promises yes and amen - as He is, so are we in the world - so that 'tongue of the disciple' applies to me, even me.
<<Bbl 1C 1:21 abbr >>    God's effectual calling.
1:22-25 the Jews seek signs and stumble over weakness; the Greeks seek wisdom and stumble over foolishness.
1:25    see <<Bbl Jer 50:36 >>
<<Bbl 1C 1:26 abbr >>    noble   [eugenes], well-born.  
1:28    base [agenes], low-born, lowly in estate.  Grosheide, p. 52, f.n.   These are the [[Remnant]], the overlooked. 
1:27    see the Book of Judges and consider Samuel.
1:28    //Nullify//, that is, make not; this verse would bear study.
 {{rf{14}}} I give thanks that I baptized none of you except Crispus and Gaius, {{rf{15}}} lest anyone should say that you were baptized in my name. {{rf{16}}} (Now I also baptized the household of Stephanas. Beyond that I do not know if I baptized anyone else.) {{rf{17}}} For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to proclaim the gospel, not with clever speech, lest the cross of Christ be emptied. {{rf{18}}} For the message about the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. {{rf{19}}} For it is written, "I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and the intelligence of the intelligent I will confound." {{rf{20}}} Where is the wise person? Where is the scribe? Where is the debater of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world? {{rf{21}}} For since, in the wisdom of God, the world through its wisdom did not know God, God was pleased through the foolishness of preaching to save those who believe. {{rf{22}}} For indeed, Jews ask for sign miracles and Greeks seek wisdom, {{rf{23}}} but we preach Christ crucified, to the Jews a cause for stumbling, but to the Gentiles foolishness, {{rf{24}}} but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ is the power of God and the wisdom of God. {{rf{25}}} For the foolishness of God is wiser than human wisdom, and the weakness of God is stronger than human strength. {{rf{26}}} For consider your calling, brothers, that not many were wise according to human standards, not many were powerful, not many were well born. {{rf{27}}} But the foolish things of the world God chose in order that he might put to shame the wise, and the weak things of the world God chose in order that he might put to shame the strong, {{rf{28}}} and the insignificant of the world, and the despised, God chose, the things that are not, in order that he might abolish the things that are, {{rf{29}}} so that all flesh may not boast before God. {{rf{30}}} But from him you are in Christ Jesus, who became wisdom to us from God, and righteousness and sanctification and redemption, {{rf{31}}} so that, just as it is written, "The one who boasts, let him boast in the Lord."  {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-01-14]] }}}
And I, when I came to you, brothers, did not come with superiority of speech or of wisdom, proclaiming to you the testimony of God. {{rf{2}}} For I decided not to know anything among you except Jesus Christ and him crucified. {{rf{3}}} And I came to you in weakness and in fear and with much trembling, {{rf{4}}} and my speech and my preaching were not with the persuasiveness of wisdom, but with a demonstration of the Spirit and power, {{rf{5}}} in order that your faith would not be in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God. {{rf{6}}} Now we do speak wisdom among the mature, but wisdom not of this age or of the rulers of this age, who are perishing, {{rf{7}}} but we speak the hidden wisdom of God in a mystery, which God predestined before the ages for our glory, {{rf{8}}} which none of the rulers of this age knew. For if they had known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory. {{rf{9}}} But just as it is written, "Things which eye has not seen and ear has not heard, and have not entered into the heart of man, all that God has prepared for those who love him." {{rf{10}}} For to us God has revealed them through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, even the depths of God. {{rf{11}}} For who among men knows the things of a man, except the spirit of the man that is in him? Thus also no one knows the things of God except the Spirit of God. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-02-01]] }}}
2:1-5   see <<Bbl 1S 17:45 >>
<<Bbl 1C 2:2 abbr >>   <<Bbl 1C 1:30 >>, <<Bbl 1Th 1:5 >>
<<Bbl 1C 2:4 abbr >> see <<Bbl 1C 4:20 >>
<<Bbl 1C 2:12 abbr >>    possibly the source of the term zietgiest ??
    Paul has established a theme here: what God has given.   1:4, 21, 30; 2:7, 9.
2:13    thoughts  and words  are set off in italics.
2:14    see <<Bbl 1J 3:1 >>
<<Bbl 1C 2:15 abbr >> I am appraised by no natural man.  Cf <<Bbl Pr 28:5 >>.  Sunglasses, as used by many people, are a worldly approximation; they seem to announce hidden knowledge and say, "You are unable to assess me."  When truly spiritual people meet, there is true spiritual recognition.
    A good picture of this is found at a stop-light intersection at early morning.  When the sun is rising directly behind you and pouring into the windshield of some poor fellow across the way, you can scrutinize him thoroughly  --  while he is mustering all endurance just to see if the light has turned green.
2:16    see <<Bbl I 55:8 >>
{{hilite_2{
"For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct him?" But we have Christ's mind.
}}}
<<Bbl 1C 2:26 abbr >>    James says that faith without works is like the body without the spirit.  I think I would have reversed the order of his analogy, because the body is material, visible, like works; and also because the body is the less essential element.  James clearly is thinking differently.
 {{rf{12}}} Now we have received not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, in order that we may know the things freely given to us by God, {{rf{13}}} things which we also speak, not in words taught by human wisdom, but in words taught by the Spirit, explaining spiritual things to spiritual people. {{rf{14}}} But the natural man does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him, and he is not able to understand them, because they are spiritually discerned. {{rf{15}}} Now the spiritual person discerns all things, but he himself is judged by no one. {{rf{16}}} "For who has known the mind of the Lord; who has advised him?" But we have the mind of Christ. {{rf big{1}}} And I, brothers, was not able to speak to you as to spiritual people, but as to fleshly people, as to infants in Christ. {{rf{2}}} I gave you milk to drink, not solid food, for you were not yet able to eat it. But now you are still not able, {{rf{3}}} for you are still fleshly. For where there is jealousy and strife among you, are you not fleshly, and do you not live like unregenerate people? {{rf{4}}} For whenever anyone says, "I am with Paul," and another, "I am with Apollos," are you not merely human? {{rf{5}}} Therefore, what is Apollos and what is Paul? Servants through whom you believed, and to each as the Lord gave. {{rf{6}}} I planted, Apollos watered, but God was causing it to grow. {{rf{7}}} So then, neither the one who plants nor the one who waters is anything, but God who is causing it to grow. {{rf{8}}} Now the one who plants and the one who waters are one, but each one will receive his own reward according to his own labor. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-02-12]] }}}
<<Bbl 1C 3:1 abbr >>ff	This shaming (see <<Bbl 1C 6:5 >>, <<Bbl 1C 15:34 >>) comparison is a dominant theme especially for the first third of the letter.   
<<Bbl 1C 3:1 abbr >>-3. He has contrasted the man of God (<<Bbl 1C 1:30 >>, <<Bbl 1C 2:12 >>) with the man of the world (<<Bbl 1C 1:18 >>, <<Bbl 1C 2:14 >>; now he establishes a third category to account for these Corinthians.  
3:4  Paul is referring not only to local leaders but also (obliquely) to those he suspects are entering as usurpers.  In aspiring to anything other than Christ, we lose out.  How can one rise above that which is most highly esteemed?
3:7 One edge of the sword.
3:8 The other edge.  Possibly the thinking is this:  God's agents are nothing, vs. 7; therefore they are one, no distinction being possible; yet, vs. 8 continues, they receive a personally significant reward for their personally significant labor.
3:9 For, the thought continues, they are indeed His agents.
    God's //edifice// (the word is from Latin).   God's building is the institution of His Kingdom, used of the eternal Church, the eternal Church of the local assembly, and the person of the believer.  It is the converse of the tower of Babel.
3:11    see <<Bbl Mt 7:24 >>-27
<<Bbl 2C 3:11 abbr >>	blends Jer 31 with <<Bbl Ez 36:26 >>-27. This informs our reading of <<Bbl R 7:14 >> //not the letter//.
<<Bbl 2C 3:18 abbr >>	is consummated in <<Bbl 1J 3:2 >>-03. [[SeeJesus]] 
<<Bbl 1C 3:12 abbr >>    It seems the six materials listed fall into two catagories:  non-flammable and flammable.  (Glen Martin, on the other hand, proposed that God's fire will do away with all of them.)
3:13    Fire always simplifies, always reduces, always reveals.
    If the remark on 3:12 is correct, then the term quality  does not refer to a sliding scale of value, but rather to one of two essential characteristics:  eternal or temporal value.  Within those two characteristics, we recognize degrees of durability.  But the significance of these degrees practically disappears as we see their essential quality.  So it is with degrees of torment in Hell, or degrees of bliss or favor in Heaven:  however mitigated the punishment of a "righteous sinner" (as some rabbis say) may be, he is still separated from God by the abyss.  However attenuated the reward of a child of God, he still rests on God's bosum.  (But we must note that damnation and joy are not the subject of these verses, rather Paul is talking about the worth of one's Christian ministry.)
3:15    see <<Bbl Amos 3:12 >>, <<Bbl Amos 4:11 >>; <<Bbl Zec 3:1 >>-7
<<Bbl 1C 3:16 abbr >>    see <<Bbl R 8:9 >>, <<Bbl Eph 2:21 >>, <<Bbl 1C 6:19 >>.  //You// is plural.
<<Bbl 1C 3:17 abbr >>	 Paul presents leaders as over the building in <<Bbl 1C 3:10 >> (one of Paul's many contributions to the distinction of clergy and laity.) Now he assigns them a stern judgment for work done badly. Again one sees a somewhat disguised reference to usurpers; this is supported by the start of chapter 4 (however this is generally taken as a warning to the "laity"). 
<<Bbl 1C 3:18 abbr >>    see <<Bbl I 5:21 >>, <<Bbl 1C 8:2 >>,<<Bbl 1C 13:8 >>-12 , <<Bbl Gal 6:3 >>
<<Bbl 1C 3:21 abbr >>-23     Paul is emphasizing our tremendous authority in Christ in a passage that parallels <<Bbl 1C 2:15 >>-16 .

<<Bbl 1C 4:6 abbr >> The NAS says "figuratively", but commentaries seem to disagree ??
4:10    see <<Bbl Amos 5:13 >>
<<Bbl 1C 4:13 abbr >>    see <<Bbl Mt 20:25 >>-28
<<Bbl 1C 4:16 abbr >>    see <<Bbl 1C 11:1 >>, <<Bbl Php 3:17 >>, <<Bbl Php 4:9 >>, <<Bbl 1Ths 1:6 >>
<<Bbl 2C 4:17 abbr >>-18     God reveals the motive.  In the furnace the weightiest element goes to the bottom and there becomes pure.  Hell is pure, and heaven is pure.  God is the weightiest element in the godly person, so difficult circumstances work to reveal God in his life.
    For the unseen, see [[Invisible-Visible]].
<<Bbl 1C 4:20 abbr >>    see <<Bbl 1C 2:4 >>

<<Bbl 1C 5:1 abbr >> The expression of incest seems euphemistic, but it may also allude to <<Bbl Lv 20:11 >>.
<<Bbl 1C 5:5 abbr >> see <<Bbl 1C 3:17 >>, <<Bbl Pr 23:14 >>, <<Bbl 1Tim 1:20 >>
<<Bbl 1C 5:9 abbr >> Mention of another letter.  Also, see [[Discipline-Church]]
5:11    //Revile//, criticize in an abusive or hostile way.  See <<Bbl Mt 18:17 >>
<<Bbl 1C 5:54 abbr>> 	A future promise. Not to be used at a funeral.
 {{rf{9}}} For we are God's fellow workers; you are God's field, God's building. {{rf{10}}} According to the grace of God given to me, like a skilled master builder I laid a foundation, and another is building upon it. But each one must direct his attention to how he is building upon it. {{rf{11}}} For no one is able to lay another foundation than the one which is laid, which is Jesus Christ. {{rf{12}}} Now if anyone builds upon the foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, wood, grass, straw, {{rf{13}}} the work of each one will become evident. For the day will reveal it, because it will be revealed with fire, and the fire itself will test the work of each one, of what sort it is. {{rf{14}}} If anyone's work that he has built upon it remains, he will receive a reward. {{rf{15}}} If anyone's work is burned up, he will suffer loss, but he himself will be saved, but so as through fire. {{rf{16}}} Do you not know that you are God's temple and the Spirit of God dwells in you? {{rf{17}}} If anyone destroys God's temple, God will destroy this one. For God's temple is holy, which you are. {{rf{18}}} Let no one deceive himself. If anyone thinks himself to be wise among you in this age, let him become a fool, in order that he may become wise. {{rf{19}}} For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God, for it is written, "The one who catches the wise in their craftiness," {{rf{20}}} and again, "The Lord knows the thoughts of the wise, that they are futile." {{rf{21}}} So then, let no one boast in people. For all things are yours, {{rf{22}}} whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas or the world or life or death or things present or things to come, all things are yours, {{rf{23}}} and you are Christ's, and Christ is God's. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-03-09]] }}}
Thus let a person consider us as servants of Christ and stewards of God's mysteries. {{rf{2}}} In this case, moreover, it is sought in stewards that one be found faithful. {{rf{3}}} But to me it is a very little matter that I be judged by you or by a human court, but I do not even judge myself. {{rf{4}}} For I am conscious of nothing against myself, but not by this am I vindicated. But the one who judges me is the Lord. {{rf{5}}} Therefore do not judge anything before the time, until the Lord should come, who will both enlighten the hidden things of darkness and will reveal the counsels of hearts, and then praise will come to each one from God. {{rf{6}}} Now I have applied these things, brothers, to myself and Apollos for your sake, in order that in us you may learn not to go beyond what is written, lest someone be inflated with pride on behalf of one person against the other. {{rf{7}}} For who concedes you superiority? And what do you have that you did not receive? But if indeed you received it, why do you boast as if you did not receive it? {{rf{8}}} Already you are satiated! Already you are rich! Apart from us you reign as kings! And would that indeed you reigned as kings, in order that we also might reign as kings with you! {{rf{9}}} For, I think, God has exhibited us apostles last of all, as condemned to death, because we have become a spectacle to the world and to angels and to people. {{rf{10}}} We are fools for the sake of Christ, but you are prudent in Christ! We are weak, but you are strong! You are honored, but we are dishonored! {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-04-01]] }}}
 {{rf{11}}} Until the present hour we are both hungry and thirsty and poorly clothed and roughly treated and homeless, {{rf{12}}} and we toil, working with our own hands. When we are reviled, we bless; when we are persecuted, we endure; {{rf{13}}} when we are slandered, we encourage. We have become like the refuse of the world, the offscouring of all things, until now. {{rf{14}}} I am not writing these things to shame you, but admonishing you as my dear children. {{rf{15}}} For if you have ten thousand guardians in Christ, yet you do not have many fathers, for in Christ Jesus I fathered you through the gospel. {{rf{16}}} Therefore I exhort you, become imitators of me. {{rf{17}}} Because of this, I have sent to you Timothy, who is my dear and faithful child in the Lord, who will remind you of my ways in Christ Jesus, just as I teach everywhere in every church. {{rf{18}}} But some have become arrogant, as if I were not coming to you. {{rf{19}}} But I am coming to you soon, if the Lord wills, and I will know not the talk of the ones who have become arrogant, but the power. {{rf{20}}} For the kingdom of God is not with talk, but with power. {{rf{21}}} What do you want? Shall I come to you with a rod, or with love and a spirit of gentleness? {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-04-11]] }}}
It is reported everywhere that there is sexual immorality among you, and sexual immorality of such a kind which does not even exist among the Gentiles, so that someone has the wife of his father. {{rf{2}}} And you are inflated with pride, and should you not rather have mourned, so that the one who has done this deed would be removed from your midst? {{rf{3}}} For although I am absent in body but present in spirit, I have already passed judgment on the one who has done this in this way, as if I were present. {{rf{4}}} In the name of our Lord Jesus, when you are assembled, and my spirit, together with the power of our Lord Jesus, {{rf{5}}} I have decided to hand over such a person to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, in order that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord. {{rf{6}}} Your boasting is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole batch of dough? {{rf{7}}} Clean out the old leaven in order that you may be a new batch of dough, just as you are unleavened. For Christ our Passover has been sacrificed. {{rf{8}}} So then, let us celebrate the feast, not with the old leaven or with the leaven of wickedness and sinfulness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. {{rf{9}}} I wrote to you in the letter not to associate with sexually immoral people. {{rf{10}}} By no means did I mean the sexually immoral people of this world or the greedy people and swindlers or idolaters, since then you would have to depart out of the world. {{rf{11}}} But now I have written to you not to associate with any so-called brother, if he is a sexually immoral person or a greedy person or an idolater or an abusive person or a drunkard or a swindler -- with such a person not even to eat. {{rf{12}}} For what is it to me to judge those outside? Should you not judge those inside? {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-05-01]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} But those outside God will judge. Remove the evil person from among yourselves. {{rf big{1}}} Does anyone among you, if he has a matter against someone else, dare to go to court before the unrighteous, and not before the saints? {{rf{2}}} Or do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if by you the world is judged, are you unworthy of the most insignificant courts? {{rf{3}}} Do you not know that we will judge angels, not to mention ordinary matters? {{rf{4}}} Therefore, if you have courts with regard to ordinary matters, do you seat these despised people in the church? {{rf{5}}} I say this to your shame. So is there not anyone wise among you who will be able to render a decision between his brothers? {{rf{6}}} But brother goes to court with brother, and this before unbelievers! {{rf{7}}} Therefore it is already completely a loss for you that you have lawsuits with one another. Why not rather be wronged? Why not rather be defrauded? {{rf{8}}} But you wrong and defraud, and do this to brothers! {{rf{9}}} Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived! Neither sexually immoral people, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor passive homosexual partners, nor dominant homosexual partners, {{rf{10}}} nor thieves, nor greedy persons, not drunkards, not abusive persons, not swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God. {{rf{11}}} And some of you were these things, but you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit of our God. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-05-13]] }}}
<<Bbl 1C 6:2 0 >>    Again, the theme of our authority in Christ.
<<Bbl 1C 6:9 0 >>  These clauses refer to the passive and active partners in consensual homosexual acts (source: ESV footnote).
** //male prostitutes// -- μαλακοὶ; see [[Clothing]].
** //homosexual offenders//  -- ἀρσενοκοῖται; male + bed
<<Bbl 1C 6:9 abbr >>-10. Seems incongruous with the preceding, but the final category //swindler// does fit.  
6:11	//for such were some of you.//  Paul does not say you __behaved__ this way.  He says you __were these__.
<<Bbl 1C 6:12 abbr >>  <<Bbl 1C 10:23 >> Various interpretations available for the idea of a //lawful thing//.  See my online post.
6:13    Some things are aspects of life in the world.  They will cease.  Other things, such as immorality, are aspects of a life that is of the world.  The bodily function of eating will disappear, but the body itself is a permanent, eternal vessel.
6:14    see <<Bbl 1J 4:2 >>, <<Bbl 1J 5:20 >>; the perfect participle tense in both of these verses seems to declare that Jesus is seated in His glorified flesh through eternity.  This verse here the first support for that idea that I have noticed elsewhere in scripture.  Paul's argument seems to depend on it.
<<Bbl 1C 6:19 abbr >>-20	<<Bbl Gn 2:21 >> "" note.
6:20    see <<Bbl 1C 7:23 >>

<<Bbl 1C 7:1 abbr >>-9   Celibacy is for Paul a high calling.  Like all callings, of course, one has to have been called!  The words Jesus used to qualify his statement about eunuchs  --  "Not everyone can receive this word, but only those to whom it is given"  --  can well be applied to Paul's exhortation.
* //Who is the first person in the Bible who didn't have this gift?  Adam!//
* <<Bbl L 2:37 >> presents a woman free from the distraction described by Paul.
<<Bbl 1C 7:3 abbr >>-5, 32-34. A double bind  
7:5 A form of fasting.  I have read the last clause as meaning that you ought to quit the fast in order to avoid temptation; but Mike Westphall once told me his interpretation, that the fast is in fact undertaken to avoid it (//Dry-dock for the Ship of Love//).  Cf <<Bbl Mt 4:10 >>
<<Bbl 1C 7:5 abbr >>	Paul could have said, don't stop prayer except for a little while so you can have sex.
7:7,10,12,25,40    Paul makes some remarkable admissions.  He is exercising in a wonderful way his authority and liberty in giving advice, but he very carefully circumscribes the advice with these attributes.
7:7 //I, however, God://  A beautiful admission.  It could be applied to any aspect of godly living.  We all wish everybody was like ourselves; however, God has arranged things differently.  It is, in casual terms, the subjective and the Objective.
7:14    This sanctification is temporal; two verses later he refers to eternal salvation.
7:15    see <<Bbl H 12:14 >>
<<Bbl 1C 7:15 abbr >>	A subtle admission of the welcome relief, of something breaking your way. 
<<Bbl 1C 7:16 abbr >>	[[Cover]] 
<<Bbl 1C 7:18 abbr >>a	Craig Keener says surgery had progressed to allow some cosmetic form of reversal of circumcision. 
<<Bbl 1C 7:19 abbr >>	Paul distinguishes obedience to God's commands from circumcision, supporting Lancaster's position. 
<<Bbl 1C 7:20 abbr >>-27     Note statement in the Declaration of Independence that no change of governments should be taken lightly.  This truth applies to all senses of the term government.
7:28    see <<Bbl Mt 19:10 >>-11
<<Bbl 1C 7:29 abbr >>-35     The heart behind the instruction.  To any who may be chafing under this word, he gives release:  "Not to put a restraint upon you."  See <<Bbl Num 6:6 >>-8 , <<Bbl Lv 21:1 >>-6 .
<<Bbl 1C 7:29 abbr >>    <<Bbl Lv 21:1 >>-6 , <<Bbl Num 6:6 >>-8
<<Bbl 1C 7:31 abbr >>	[[World-Transcient]].  The morning vision of dragonflies.
<<Bbl 1C 7:33 abbr >>-34     <<Bbl 1K 11:4 >>-8
 {{rf{12}}} All things are permitted for me, but not all things are profitable. All things are permitted for me, but I will not be controlled by anything. {{rf{13}}} Food is for the stomach, and the stomach for food, but God will abolish both of them. Now the body is not for sexual immorality, but for the Lord, and the Lord for the body. {{rf{14}}} And God both raised up the Lord and will raise us up by his power. {{rf{15}}} Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ? Therefore, shall I take away the members of Christ and make them members of a prostitute? May it never be! {{rf{16}}} Or do you not know that the one who joins himself to a prostitute is one body with her? For it says, "The two will become one flesh." {{rf{17}}} But the one who joins himself to the Lord is one spirit with him. {{rf{18}}} Flee sexual immorality. Every sin that a person commits is outside his body, but the one who commits sexual immorality sins against his own body. {{rf{19}}} Or do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own? {{rf{20}}} For you were bought at a price; therefore glorify God with your body. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-06-12]] }}}
Now concerning the things about which you wrote: "It is good for a man not to touch a woman." {{rf{2}}} But because of sexual immorality, let each man have his own wife and let each woman have her own husband. {{rf{3}}} The husband must fulfill his obligation to his wife, and likewise also the wife to her husband. {{rf{4}}} The wife does not have authority over her own body, but her husband does. And likewise also the husband does not have authority over his own body, but his wife does. {{rf{5}}} Do not defraud one another, except perhaps by agreement, for a time, in order that you may devote yourselves to prayer, and then you should be together again, lest Satan tempt you because of your lack of self control. {{rf{6}}} But I say this as a concession, not as a command. {{rf{7}}} I wish all people could be like myself, but each one has his own gift from God, one in this way and another in that way. {{rf{8}}} Now I say to the unmarried and to the widows: It is good for them if they remain as I am. {{rf{9}}} But if they cannot control themselves, they should marry, for it is better to marry than to burn with sexual desire. {{rf{10}}} To the married I command -- not I, but the Lord -- a wife must not separate from her husband. {{rf{11}}} But if indeed she does separate, she must remain unmarried or be reconciled to her husband. And a husband must not divorce his wife. {{rf{12}}} Now to the rest I say -- not the Lord -- if any brother has an unbelieving wife and she consents to live with him, he must not divorce her. {{rf{13}}} And if any wife has an unbelieving husband and he consents to live with her, she must not divorce her husband. {{rf{14}}} For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by his wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the brother, since otherwise your children are unclean, but now they are holy. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-07-01]] }}}
 {{rf{15}}} But if the unbeliever leaves, let him leave. The brother or the sister is not bound in such cases. But God has called us in peace. {{rf{16}}} For how do you know, wife, whether you will save your husband? Or how do you know, husband, whether you will save your wife? {{rf{17}}} But to each one as the Lord has apportioned. As God has called each one, thus let him live -- and thus I order in all the churches. {{rf{18}}} Was anyone called after being circumcised? He must not undo his circumcision. Was anyone called in uncircumcision? He must not become circumcised. {{rf{19}}} Circumcision is nothing and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God. {{rf{20}}} Each one in the calling in which he was called -- in this he should remain. {{rf{21}}} Were you called while a slave? Do not let it be a concern to you. But if indeed you are able to become free, rather make use of it. {{rf{22}}} For the one who is called in the Lord while a slave is the Lord's freedperson. Likewise the one who is called while free is a slave of Christ. {{rf{23}}} You were bought at a price; do not become slaves of men. {{rf{24}}} Each one in the situation in which he was called, brothers -- in this he should remain with God. {{rf{25}}} Now concerning virgins I do not have a command from the Lord, but I am giving an opinion as one shown mercy by the Lord to be trustworthy. {{rf{26}}} Therefore, I consider this to be good because of the impending distress, that it is good for a man to be thus. {{rf{27}}} Are you bound to a wife? Do not seek release. Are you free from a wife? Do not seek a wife. {{rf{28}}} But if you marry, you have not sinned, and if the virgin marries, she has not sinned. But such people will have affliction in the flesh, and I would spare you. {{rf{29}}} But I say this, brothers: the time is shortened, that from now on even those who have wives should be as if they do not have wives, {{rf{30}}} and those who weep as if they do not weep, and those who rejoice as if they do not rejoice, and those who buy as if they do not possess, {{rf{31}}} and those who make use of the world as if they do not make full use of it. For the present form of this world is passing away. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-07-15]] }}}
 {{rf{32}}} But I want you to be free from care. The unmarried person cares for the things of the Lord, how he may please the Lord. {{rf{33}}} But the one who is married cares for the things of the world, how he may please his wife, {{rf{34}}} and he is divided. And the unmarried woman or the virgin cares for the things of the Lord, in order that she may be holy both in body and in spirit. But the married woman cares for the things of the world, how she may please her husband. {{rf{35}}} Now I am saying this for your own benefit, not that I may put a restriction on you, but to promote appropriate and devoted service to the Lord without distraction. {{rf{36}}} But if anyone thinks he is behaving dishonorably concerning his virgin, if she is past her prime and it ought to be thus, let him do what he wishes. He does not sin. Let them marry. {{rf{37}}} But he who stands firm in his heart, not having necessity, but has authority concerning his own will, and has decided this in his own heart, to keep his own virgin, he will do well. {{rf{38}}} So then, the one who marries his own virgin does well, and the one who does not marry her will do better. {{rf{39}}} A wife is bound for as long a time as her husband lives. But if her husband dies, she is free to marry whomever she wishes, only in the Lord. {{rf{40}}} But she is happier if she remains thus, according to my opinion -- and I think I have the Spirit of God. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-07-32]] }}}
Now concerning food sacrificed to idols, we know that "we all have knowledge." Knowledge puffs up, but love builds up. {{rf{2}}} If anyone thinks he knows anything, he has not yet known as it is necessary to know. {{rf{3}}} But if anyone loves God, this one is known by him. {{rf{4}}} Therefore, concerning the eating of food sacrificed to idols, we know that "an idol is nothing in the world" and that "there is no God except one." {{rf{5}}} For even if after all there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth, just as there are many gods and many lords, {{rf{6}}} yet to us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things, and we are for him, and there is one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and we are through him. {{rf{7}}} But this knowledge is not in everyone. But some, being accustomed until now to the idol, eat this food as food sacrificed to idols, and their conscience, because it is weak, is defiled. {{rf{8}}} But food does not bring us close to God. For neither if we eat do we have more, nor if we do not eat do we lack. {{rf{9}}} But watch out lest somehow this right of yours becomes a cause for stumbling to the weak. {{rf{10}}} For if someone should see you who has knowledge reclining for a meal in an idol's temple, will not his conscience, because it is weak, be strengthened so that he eats the food sacrificed to idols? {{rf{11}}} For the one who is weak -- the brother for whom Christ died -- is destroyed by your knowledge. {{rf{12}}} Now if you sin in this way against the brothers and wound their conscience, which is weak, you sin against Christ. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-08-01]] }}}
<<Bbl 1C 8:1 abbr >>-13  Compares closely with <<Bbl R 14:1 >> - 15:6.  Written as an appeal to those who don't believe abstaining from meat is helpful. (I have customarily tried to read it as speaking to the other viewpoint, to my own confusion.) Paul takes pains to examine each point through both eyes, and one detects possible irony.  
<<Bbl 1C 8:2 abbr >> see <<Bbl I 5:21 >>,<<Bbl 1C 3:18 >>,<<Bbl 1C 13:8 >>-12 , <<Bbl Gal 6:3 >>
<<Bbl 1C 8:3 abbr >>	For, asserts Paul, the marketplace believers are God's people.  
<<Bbl 1C 8:4 abbr >>	Expounded in vss 5-6.  
<<Bbl 1C 8:4 abbr >>-6	Powerful knowledge, and it can go with a snotty attitude - so Paul cuts that short in <<Bbl 1C 8:1 >>-3.  
<<Bbl 1C 8:10 abbr >>-11     Knowledge   --  that which puffs up, says vs. 1.

9:1-23  "Paul's proud boast"  --  he exercises it directly in <<Bbl A 20:33 >>-35.  
<<Bbl 1C 9:1 abbr >>	.  FYI. The self-defense of <<Bbl 1C 9:1 >>ff seems a non-sequitor; <<Bbl 1C 10:1 >>-13 pivots to idolatry.  
9:1 Paul covers, respectively, his
## sense of vocation
## independence
## vision
## service and accomplishment
<<Bbl 1C 9:19 abbr >>-23     see <<Bbl Php 2:5 >>-8
<<Bbl 1C 9:20 abbr >>-21 	Lancaster says three classes; God-fearers, //under the law// taken to mean proselytes, and Jews. See <<Bbl Gal 4:12 0 note>>.
<<Bbl 1C 9:22 abbr >>    Weak  as described in chap. 8.
9:27	Paul says //buffet//, not //buff//.

10:1 -- "Upon this [[Rock]] I will build My church." <<Bbl Num 20:9 >>.  //All// points back to <<Bbl 1C 9:24 >>a. 
10:2    Image of the Spirit and the water.  Isasmuch as baptism may here refer to water, it is a figurative or poetic association.  It has to refer to more than that as well.  And it might not, at all;  they were //baptised __into__ Moses//, and after all they walked over with dry feet.  Paul may think of it as arch-typical, but it is still based in an image. The physicality gives way immediately to the real and spiritual. 
<<Bbl 1C 10:3 abbr >>-04	//Spiritual food// is implicitly likened to communion.
10:6    examples   --  [typos], types; RSV says "warnings."  There follows a list of five incidents from Exodus and Numbers.
<<Bbl 1C 10:13 abbr >>. That provision, the way of escape, includes training in how to *spot* the way of escape. But this training is available to the obedient heart. For the disobedient, that way of escape whizzes by without notice. "The next thing I knew, right out of the blue, there I was, sinning." __Closing the Window__, p 89.
<<Bbl 1C 10:13 abbr >>	This grace of God is well attested in the narratives from which Paul is preaching. There could have been many Calebs and Joshuas.
<<Bbl 1C 10:14 abbr >>-22	is an exhortion against the idolatry of the believer; possibly Paul is preventing a hazard of idolatry being compartmentalized as a Greek activity (<<Bbl 1C 10:7 >>) or an external activity (<<Bbl 1C 8:10 >>).
<<Bbl 1C 10:16 abbr >>-17	Anticipates <<Bbl 1C 11:20 abbr >>.
<<Bbl 1C 10:17 abbr >>	. The oneness of God indicates the unity of God's people. This theme pursued in <<Bbl 1C 11:12 >>, <<Bbl 1C 11:18 >>-19, <<Bbl 1C 12:4 >>-32,
<<Bbl 1C 10:18 abbr >> - 11:1 -- [[Scruples]]
<<Bbl 1C 10:18 abbr >>   <<Bbl R 9:13 >>.
<<Bbl 1C 10:20 abbr >>-22    See <<Bbl Dt 32:16 >>-17.
<<Bbl 1C 10:23 abbr >>	 takes up where <<Bbl 1C 8:13 abbr >> left off.
<<Bbl 1C 10:27 abbr >>	
<<Bbl 1C 10:31 abbr >>   Seems to refer directly to <<Bbl Zech 7:6 >>
 {{rf{13}}} Therefore, if food causes my brother to sin, I will never eat meat forever, in order that I may not cause my brother to sin. {{rf big{1}}} Am I not free? Am I not an apostle? Have I not seen Jesus our Lord? Are you not my work in the Lord? {{rf{2}}} If to others I am not an apostle, yet indeed I am to you, for you are my seal of apostleship in the Lord. {{rf{3}}} My defense to those who examine me is this: {{rf{4}}} Do we not have the right to eat and drink? {{rf{5}}} Do we not have the right to take along a sister as wife, like the rest of the apostles and the brothers of the Lord and Cephas? {{rf{6}}} Or do only I and Barnabas not have the right to refrain from working? {{rf{7}}} Who ever serves as a soldier at his own expense? Who plants a vineyard and does not eat the fruit of it? Who shepherds a flock and does not drink from the milk of the flock? {{rf{8}}} I am not saying these things according to a human perspective. Or does the law not also say these things? {{rf{9}}} For in the law of Moses it is written, "You must not muzzle an ox while it is threshing." It is not about oxen God is concerned, is it? {{rf{10}}} Or doubtless does he speak for our sake? For it is written for our sake, because the one who plows ought to plow in hope and the one who threshes ought to do so in hope of a share. {{rf{11}}} If we have sown spiritual things among you, is it too great a thing if we reap material things from you? {{rf{12}}} If others share this right over you, do we not do so even more? Yet we have not made use of this right, but we endure all things, in order that we may not cause any hindrance to the gospel of Christ. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-08-13]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} Do you not know that those performing the holy services eat the things from the temple, and those attending to the altar have a share with the altar? {{rf{14}}} In the same way also the Lord ordered those who proclaim the gospel to live from the gospel. {{rf{15}}} But I have not made use of any of these rights. And I am not writing these things in order that it may be thus with me. For it would be better to me rather to die than for anyone to deprive me of my reason for boasting. {{rf{16}}} For if I proclaim the gospel, it is not to me a reason for boasting, for necessity is imposed on me. For woe is to me if I do not proclaim the gospel. {{rf{17}}} For if I do this voluntarily, I have a reward, but if I do so unwillingly, I have been entrusted with a stewardship. {{rf{18}}} What then is my reward? That when I proclaim the gospel, I may offer the gospel free of charge, in order not to make full use of my right in the gospel. {{rf{19}}} For although I am free from all people, I have enslaved myself to all, in order that I may gain more. {{rf{20}}} I have become like a Jew to the Jews, in order that I may gain the Jews. To those under the law I became as under the law (although I myself am not under the law) in order that I may gain those under the law. {{rf{21}}} To those outside the law I became as outside the law (although I am not outside the law of God, but subject to the law of Christ) in order that I may gain those outside the law. {{rf{22}}} To the weak I became weak, in order that I may gain the weak. I have become all things to all people, in order that by all means I may save some. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-09-13]] }}}
 {{rf{23}}} I do all this for the sake of the gospel, in order that I may become a participant with it. {{rf{24}}} Do you not know that those who run in the stadium all run, but one receives the prize? Run in such a way that you may win. {{rf{25}}} And everyone who competes exercises self-control in all things. Thus those do so in order that they may receive a perishable crown, but we an imperishable one. {{rf{26}}} Therefore I run in this way, not as running aimlessly; I box in this way, not as beating the air. {{rf{27}}} But I discipline my body and subjugate it, lest somehow after preaching to others, I myself should become disqualified. {{rf big{1}}} For I do not want you to be ignorant, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud and all went through the sea, {{rf{2}}} and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, {{rf{3}}} and all ate the same spiritual food, {{rf{4}}} and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual rock that followed them, and the rock was Christ. {{rf{5}}} But God was not pleased with the majority of them, for they were struck down in the desert. {{rf{6}}} Now these things happened as examples for us, so that we should not be desirers of evil things, just as those also desired them, {{rf{7}}} and not become idolaters, as some of them did, just as it is written, "The people sat down to eat and drink, and stood up to play," {{rf{8}}} nor commit sexual immorality, as some of them committed sexual immorality, and twenty-three thousand fell in one day, {{rf{9}}} nor put Christ to the test, as some of them tested him, and were destroyed by snakes, {{rf{10}}} nor grumble, just as some of them grumbled, and were destroyed by the destroyer. {{rf{11}}} Now these things happened to those people as an example, but are written for our instruction, on whom the ends of the ages have come. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-09-23]] }}}
 {{rf{12}}} Therefore, the one who thinks that he stands must watch out lest he fall. {{rf{13}}} Temptation has not come upon you except what is common to humanity. But God is faithful, who will not permit you to be tempted beyond what you are able, but will also make a way out together with the temptation, so that you may be able to endure it. {{rf{14}}} Therefore, my dear friends, flee from idolatry. {{rf{15}}} I am speaking as to sensible people; you judge what I am saying. {{rf{16}}} The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not a participation in the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not a participation in the body of Christ? {{rf{17}}} Because there is one bread, we who are many are one body, for we all share from the one bread. {{rf{18}}} Consider Israel according to the flesh: are not the ones who eat the sacrifices sharers in the altar? {{rf{19}}} Therefore, what am I saying? That food sacrificed to idols is anything, or that an idol is anything? {{rf{20}}} No, but that the things which they sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons and not to God, and I do not want you to become sharers with demons. {{rf{21}}} You are not able to drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons. You are not able to share the table of the Lord and the table of demons. {{rf{22}}} Or are we attempting to provoke the Lord to jealousy? We are not stronger than he is, are we? {{rf{23}}} All things are permitted, but not all things are profitable. All things are permitted, but not all things build up. {{rf{24}}} Let no one seek his own good but the good of the other. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-10-12]] }}}
 {{rf{25}}} Eat everything that is sold in the meat market, asking no questions for the sake of the conscience, {{rf{26}}} for "the earth is the Lord's, and its fullness." {{rf{27}}} If any of the unbelievers invites you, and you want to go, eat everything that is set before you, asking no questions for the sake of the conscience. {{rf{28}}} But if someone says to you, "This is offered to idols," do not eat it, for the sake of that one who informed you and the conscience. {{rf{29}}} Now I am not speaking about your own conscience, but the conscience of the other person. For why is my freedom judged by another's conscience? {{rf{30}}} If I partake with thankfulness, why am I slandered concerning that for which I give thanks? {{rf{31}}} Therefore, whether you eat or you drink or whatever you do, do all things for the glory of God. {{rf{32}}} Give no offense both to Jews and to Greeks and to the church of God, {{rf{33}}} just as I also please all people in all things, not seeking my own benefit, but the benefit of the many, in order that they may be saved. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-10-25]] }}}
Become imitators of me, just as I also am of Christ. {{rf{2}}} Now I praise you that you remember me in all things, and just as I handed over to you the traditions, you hold fast to them. {{rf{3}}} But I want you to know that Christ is the head of every man, and the man is the head of the woman, and the head of Christ is God. {{rf{4}}} Every man who prays or prophesies while having something on his head dishonors his head, {{rf{5}}} but every woman who prays or prophesies with uncovered head dishonors her head, for she is one and the same with the one whose head is shaved. {{rf{6}}} For if a woman does not cover herself, let her hair be shorn off. But if it is shameful for a woman to have her head shorn or shaved, let her cover her head. {{rf{7}}} For indeed a man ought not to cover his head, because he is the image and glory of God, but the woman is the glory of the man. {{rf{8}}} For man is not from woman, but woman from man. {{rf{9}}} For indeed man was not created for the sake of the woman, but woman for the sake of the man. {{rf{10}}} Because of this, the woman ought to have a symbol of authority on her head, on account of the angels. {{rf{11}}} Nevertheless, neither is woman anything apart from man, nor is man anything apart from woman in the Lord. {{rf{12}}} For just as the woman is from the man, thus also the man is through the woman. But all things are from God. {{rf{13}}} You judge for yourselves: is it fitting for a woman to pray to God with her head uncovered? {{rf{14}}} And does not nature itself teach you that a man, if he wears long hair, it is a dishonor to him? {{rf{15}}} But a woman, if she wears long hair, it is her glory, because her hair is given for a covering. {{rf{16}}} But if anyone is disposed to be contentious, we have no such custom, nor do the churches of God. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-11-01]] }}}
<<Bbl 1C 11:1 abbr>> seems to belong with 1C 10:32.  @@Division@@
11:4-6 Paul deals with some public aspects of public worship.  He is describing current mores, not prescribing new ones.  For a woman to come without a shawl would have been like arriving in a two-piece bikini today.  Prostitutes had their heads shaved.
<<Bbl 1C 11:18 abbr >>-19	(which connects the issues of personal favoritism with the Lord's Supper)
<<Bbl 1C 11:19 abbr >>	I //think// this means God allows there to be occasions for [[Stumble]] so the true saints can be identified through their righteous response.  Perhaps it means the sense of popularity for a select few tells Paul there must be factions.
<<Bbl 1C 11:26 abbr>>   According to F.F. Bruce, this probably refers to a spoken Passion narrative.
11:27-29    unworthy manner   --  not acknowledging the complete useless of our flesh.  Judas certainly violated this principle.  See <<Bbl Pr 4:17 >>, <<Bbl Pr 30:20 >>.
<<Bbl 1C 11:32 abbr >> Consider the original passover.

<<Bbl 1C 12:3 abbr >>    see many verses in John's writings (<<Bbl 1J 4:2 >>-3 ), also <<Bbl I 26:13 >>.
<<Bbl 1C 12:4 abbr >>-31	The variety of gifts is a demonstration of diversity, which argues for [[Unity]]. The goal is not a catalog, as for shopping. (The Corinthians were all too good at inventory.)  
<<Bbl 1C 12:12 abbr >>-31    Compares closely with <<Bbl R 12:3 >>-8 .  Also, look ahead to 14:1.
<<Bbl 1C 12:20 abbr >>	A [[2010 statement|ag.org/Beliefs/Topics-Index/Baptism-in-the-Holy-Spirit]] from the Assemblies of God denomination says Paul means there are some church meetings that don't have the use of tongues (allowing them to preserve the wrong and hurtful teaching of "evidential tongues").  It claims support from the next rhetorical question, //Do all interpret?// (which alludes presumably to <<Bbl 1C 14:13 abbr>>). This is puffily presented as "both the broad context and the immediate context", but in truth the context is the arrangement of the members in the body - the eye is not the ear, and so on.  Their interpretation is like saying "the eye is not the ear, sometimes". And it doesn't make sense to say offices of apostle, prophet, and teacher (v 28) happen only in some meetings.  
<<Bbl 1C 12:31 abbr >> 	Some imagine sarcasm, but <<Bbl 1C 14:1 >> is a sequel doesn't support that.

<<Bbl 1C 13:1 abbr>>    It's praise, to be sure, with its own value; compare <<Bbl Ps 150:5 >>.  
* From //knowing// to //annoying//

{{fyi{
We read Chapter 13 as a panegyric.  But it is a sharp rebuke to the readers, whose character is selfish and conceited.  Regarding the gifts, the Corinthian believers should see themselves as ignorant, needing the Spirit's help not to delight in an inflated sense of exaltation but in order to cope with life's trials and submit their souls to Christ.
}}}
<<Bbl 1C 13:4 abbr >>	 See <<Bbl Titus 3:3 >>-4 
<<Bbl 1C 13:11 abbr >> //I behaved as a child -- // I hear this mistakenly applied as an exhortation from Paul to "Grow up!"
<<Bbl 1C 13:13 abbr >>   Love continues in Heaven, unlike the others.  <<Bbl 1J 3:2 >>,  "Abandon hope, all ye who enter here" was the entrance-sign to Dante's hell; Heaven is the end of hope through it's fulfillment.

14:1    Closes the passage, as 12:31 opened it.
14:11   More of the fruit of Babel.
 {{rf{17}}} But in giving this instruction I do not praise you, because you come together not for the better but for the worse. {{rf{18}}} For in the first place, when you come together as a church, I hear there are divisions among you, and in part I believe it. {{rf{19}}} For indeed it is necessary that there be factions among you, in order that those who are approved may become evident among you. {{rf{20}}} Therefore, when you come together in the same place, it is not to eat the Lord's supper. {{rf{21}}} For when you eat it, each one of you goes ahead to take his own supper, and one is hungry and another is drunk. {{rf{22}}} For do you not have houses for eating and drinking? Or do you despise the church of God and humiliate those who do not have anything? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you? In this I will not praise you! {{rf{23}}} For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you, that the Lord Jesus, on the night in which he was betrayed, took bread, {{rf{24}}} and after he had given thanks, he broke it and said, "This is my body which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me." {{rf{25}}} Likewise also the cup, after they had eaten, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me." {{rf{26}}} For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until he comes. {{rf{27}}} So then, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord. {{rf{28}}} But let a person examine himself, and in this way let him eat from the bread and let him drink from the cup. {{rf{29}}} For the one who eats and drinks, if he does not recognize the body, eats and drinks judgment against himself. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-11-17]] }}}
 {{rf{30}}} Because of this, many are weak and sick among you, and quite a few have died. {{rf{31}}} But if we were evaluating ourselves, we would not be judged. {{rf{32}}} But if we are judged by the Lord, we are being disciplined, in order that we will not be condemned with the world. {{rf{33}}} So then, my brothers, when you come together in order to eat the Lord's supper, wait for one another. {{rf{34}}} If anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, lest you come together for judgment. And I will give directions about the remaining matters whenever I come. {{rf big{1}}} Now concerning spiritual gifts, brothers, I do not want you to be ignorant. {{rf{2}}} You know that when you were pagans, you were led astray to the speechless idols, however you were led. {{rf{3}}} Therefore I make known to you that no one speaking by the Spirit of God says, "Jesus is accursed," and no one is able to say "Jesus is Lord" except by the Holy Spirit. {{rf{4}}} Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit, {{rf{5}}} and there are varieties of ministries, and the same Lord, {{rf{6}}} and there are varieties of activities, but the same God, who works all things in all people. {{rf{7}}} But to each one is given the manifestation of the Spirit for what is beneficial to all. {{rf{8}}} For to one is given a word of wisdom through the Spirit, and to another a word of knowledge by the same Spirit, {{rf{9}}} to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, {{rf{10}}} to another miraculous powers, to another prophecy, to another distinguishing of spirits, to another kinds of tongues, to another interpretation of tongues. {{rf{11}}} But in all these things one and the same Spirit is at work, distributing to each one individually just as he wishes. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-11-30]] }}}
 {{rf{12}}} For just as the body is one and has many members, but all the members of the body, although they are many, are one body, thus also Christ. {{rf{13}}} For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free persons, and all were made to drink one Spirit. {{rf{14}}} For the body is not one member, but many. {{rf{15}}} If the foot should say, "Because I am not a hand, I am not a part of the body," not because of this is it not a part of the body. {{rf{16}}} And if the ear should say, "Because I am not an eye, I am not a part of the body, not because of this is it not a part of the body. {{rf{17}}} If the whole body were an eye, where would the hearing be? If the whole were hearing, where would the sense of smell be? {{rf{18}}} But now God has placed the members, each one of them, in the body just as he wanted. {{rf{19}}} And if they all were one member, where would the body be? {{rf{20}}} But now there are many members, but one body. {{rf{21}}} Now the eye is not able to say to the hand, "I do not have need of you," or again, the head to the feet, "I do not have need of you." {{rf{22}}} But by much more the members of the body which are thought to be weaker are necessary, {{rf{23}}} and the parts of the body which we think to be less honorable, these we clothe with more abundant honor, and our unpresentable parts come to have more abundant presentability, {{rf{24}}} but our presentable parts do not have need of this. Yet God composed the body by giving more abundant honor to the part which lacked it, {{rf{25}}} in order that there not be a division in the body, but the members would have the same concern for one another. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-12-12]] }}}
 {{rf{26}}} And if one member suffers, all the members suffer together; if a member is honored, all the members rejoice with it. {{rf{27}}} Now you are the body of Christ, and members of it individually, {{rf{28}}} and whom God has appointed in the church: first, apostles, second, prophets, third, teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healing, helps, administrations, kinds of tongues. {{rf{29}}} Not all are apostles, are they? Not all are prophets, are they? Not all are teachers, are they? Not all are workers of miracles, are they? {{rf{30}}} Not all have gifts of healing, do they? Not all speak with tongues, do they? Not all interpret, do they? {{rf{31}}} But strive for the greater gifts. And I will show you a still more excellent way. {{rf big{1}}} If I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but do not have love, I have become a ringing brass gong or a clashing cymbal. {{rf{2}}} And if I have the gift of prophecy and I know all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith so that I can remove mountains, but do not have love, I am nothing. {{rf{3}}} And if I parcel out all my possessions, and if I hand over my body in order that I will be burned, but do not have love, it benefits me nothing. {{rf{4}}} Love is patient, love is kind, love is not jealous, it does not boast, it does not become conceited, {{rf{5}}} it does not behave dishonorably, it is not selfish, it does not become angry, it does not keep a record of wrongs, {{rf{6}}} it does not rejoice at unrighteousness, but rejoices with the truth, {{rf{7}}} bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-12-26]] }}}
 {{rf{8}}} Love never ends. But if there are prophecies, they will pass away. If there are tongues, they will cease. If there is knowledge, it will pass away. {{rf{9}}} For we know in part and we prophesy in part, {{rf{10}}} but whenever the perfect comes, the partial will pass away. {{rf{11}}} When I was a child, I spoke like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. When I became a man, I set aside the things of a child. {{rf{12}}} For now we see through a mirror indirectly, but then face to face. Now I know in part, but then I will know completely, just as I have also been completely known. {{rf{13}}} And now these three things remain: faith, hope, and love. But the greatest of these is love. {{rf big{1}}} Pursue love, and strive for spiritual gifts, but especially that you may prophesy. {{rf{2}}} For the one who speaks in a tongue does not speak to people but to God, because no one understands, but by the Spirit he speaks mysteries. {{rf{3}}} But the one who prophesies speaks to people edification and encouragement and consolation. {{rf{4}}} The one who speaks in a tongue edifies himself, but the one who prophesies edifies the church. {{rf{5}}} Now I want you all to speak with tongues, but even more that you may prophesy. The one who prophesies is greater than the one who speaks with tongues, unless he interprets, in order that the church may receive edification. {{rf{6}}} But now, brothers, if I come to you speaking with tongues, how do I benefit you, unless I speak to you either with a revelation or with knowledge or with a prophecy or with a teaching? {{rf{7}}} Likewise, the inanimate things which produce a sound, whether flute or lyre, if they do not produce a distinction in the tones, how will it be known what is played on the flute or on the lyre? {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-13-08]] }}}
 {{rf{8}}} For indeed, if the trumpet produces an indistinct sound, who will prepare for battle? {{rf{9}}} And so you through the tongue, unless you produce a clear message, how will it be known what is spoken? For you will be speaking into the air. {{rf{10}}} There are probably so many kinds of languages in the world, and none without meaning. {{rf{11}}} Therefore, if I do not know the meaning of the language, I will be a barbarian to the one who is speaking, and the one who is speaking will be a barbarian in my judgment. {{rf{12}}} In this way also you, since you are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek for the edification of the church, in order that you may abound. {{rf{13}}} Therefore the one who speaks in a tongue must pray that he may interpret. {{rf{14}}} For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays but my mind is unproductive. {{rf{15}}} Therefore what should I do? I will pray with my spirit, but I will also pray with my mind. I will sing praise with my spirit, but I will also sing praise with my mind. {{rf{16}}} For otherwise, if you praise in your spirit, how will the one who fills the place of the outsider say the "amen" at your thanksgiving, because he does not know what you are saying? {{rf{17}}} For indeed you are giving thanks well, but the other person is not edified. {{rf{18}}} I give thanks to God that I speak with tongues more than all of you, {{rf{19}}} but in the church I prefer to speak five words with my mind, in order that I may instruct other people, than ten thousand words in a tongue. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-14-08]] }}}
 {{rf{20}}} Brothers, do not become children in your understanding, but with respect to wickedness be as a child, and in your understanding be mature. {{rf{21}}} In the law it is written: "By those who speak a foreign language and by the lips of others I will speak to this people, and not even in this way will they obey me," says the Lord. {{rf{22}}} So then, tongues are for a sign not to those who believe, but to unbelievers, but prophecy is not for unbelievers, but for those who believe. {{rf{23}}} Therefore, if the whole church comes together at the same time and all speak with tongues, and outsiders or unbelievers enter, will they not say that you are out of your minds? {{rf{24}}} But if all prophesy, and some unbeliever or outsider enters, he is convicted by all, he is judged by all, {{rf{25}}} the secret things of his heart become evident, and so, falling on his face, he will worship God, proclaiming, "God is truly among you!" {{rf{26}}} Therefore what should you do, brothers? Whenever you come together, each one of you has a psalm, has a teaching, has a revelation, has a tongue, has an interpretation. All things must be done for edification. {{rf{27}}} If anyone speaks in a tongue, it must be on one occasion two or at most three, and one after the other, and one must interpret. {{rf{28}}} But if there is no interpreter, he must be silent in the church, but let him speak to himself and to God. {{rf{29}}} Let two or three prophets speak, and the others evaluate. {{rf{30}}} And if something is revealed to another who is seated, the first must be silent. {{rf{31}}} For you are all able to prophesy in turn, in order that all may learn and all may be encouraged, {{rf{32}}} and the spirits of prophets are subject to prophets. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-14-20]] }}}
14:23   In our time we must deal with the //spiritually ignorant or ungifted//, but also the traumatized and skeptical.
<<Bbl 1C 14:33 abbr >>b-38    Vs. 36 reveals dire disunity or at least the potential. 
14:33   The NIV closes one sentence with the word peace and throws the rest in with the next verse.  Wherever we place the clause, Paul is saying that the consensus of the church is indicative of the will of God.  John says something like this in <<Bbl 1J 2:18 >>.
<<Bbl 1C 14:34 abbr >>-35    The larger context might lead one to restrict the command of v. 34 to tongues and prophecy, but verse 35 includes normal speech.

<<Bbl 1C 15:1 abbr >>-2  Four whichs   --  good preaching.
<<Bbl 1C 15:1 abbr >>-3   //hear, preached, believe, receive, stand upon, hold to, pass on, remind// -- verbs all applied to salvation and the Gospel.
<<Bbl 1C 15:5 abbr >>-8. 	Reference a song from the dining dynamic clark sisters.
<<Bbl 1C 15:11 abbr >> 	<<Bbl 1C 15:18 >>.
<<Bbl 1C 15:18 abbr >> 	<<Bbl 1C 15:11 >>.
<<Bbl 1C 15:21 abbr>>-22,45-50  Compares closely with <<Bbl R 5:12 >>-19 .
<<Bbl 1C 15:23 abbr >>   <<Bbl Pr 27:17 >> about //good// company.
15:27   <<Bbl H 2:8 >> quotes the same Psalm and draws a similar conclusion.
15:29   If //for// means "concerning", then <<Bbl Col 2:12 >> would be another verse with the same idea.  Hobbs (Preaching Values from the Papyri, pp 39-40) evinces this view.
15:32   See <<Bbl 1Tim 4:17 >>.
<<Bbl 1C 15:33 abbr >>-33    The question of the resurrection seems to be the only point addressed by Paul as a doctrinal division among the Corinthians (v. 12).  Here he says that bad company corrupts good morals ([[Debauchery]]), but the context implies another point:  bad doctrine corrupts good morals.  A doctrine denying the resurrection will lessen a sense of daily spiritual responsibility.  

16:5	But Paul was deterred; <<Bbl 2C 1:23>>ff
 {{rf{33}}} For God is not a God of disorder but of peace. As in all the churches of the saints, {{rf{34}}} the women must be silent in the churches, for it is not permitted for them to speak, but they must be in submission, just as the law also says. {{rf{35}}} But if they want to learn something, let them ask their own husbands at home, for it is shameful for a woman to speak in church. {{rf{36}}} Or has the word of God gone out from you, or has it come to you only? {{rf{37}}} If anyone thinks he is a prophet or spiritual, he should recognize that the things which I am writing to you are of the Lord. {{rf{38}}} But if anyone ignores this, he is ignored. {{rf{39}}} So then, my brothers, desire to prophesy, and do not prevent speaking with tongues. {{rf{40}}} But let all things be done decently and according to proper procedure. {{rf big{1}}} Now I make known to you, brothers, the gospel which I proclaimed to you, which you have also received, in which you also stand, {{rf{2}}} by which you are also being saved, if you hold fast to the message I proclaimed to you, unless you believed to no purpose. {{rf{3}}} For I passed on to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures, {{rf{4}}} and that he was buried, and that he was raised up on the third day according to the scriptures, {{rf{5}}} and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve, {{rf{6}}} then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers at once, the majority of whom remain until now, but some have fallen asleep. {{rf{7}}} Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, {{rf{8}}} and last of all, as it were to one born at the wrong time, he appeared also to me. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-14-33]] }}}
 {{rf{9}}} For I am the least of the apostles, not worthy to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. {{rf{10}}} But by the grace of God I am what I am, and his grace to me has not been in vain, but I labored even more than all of them, and not I, but the grace of God with me. {{rf{11}}} Therefore whether I or those, in this way we preached, and in this way you believed. {{rf{12}}} Now if Christ is preached as raised up from the dead, how do some among you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? {{rf{13}}} But if there is no resurrection of the dead, Christ has not been raised either. {{rf{14}}} But if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain, and your faith is in vain. {{rf{15}}} And also we are found to be false witnesses of God, because we testified against God that he raised Christ, whom he did not raise if after all, then, the dead are not raised. {{rf{16}}} For if the dead are not raised, Christ has not been raised either. {{rf{17}}} But if Christ has not been raised, your faith is empty; you are still in your sins. {{rf{18}}} And as a further result, those who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished. {{rf{19}}} If we have put our hope in Christ in this life only, we are of all people most pitiable. {{rf{20}}} But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who have fallen asleep. {{rf{21}}} For since through a man came death, also through a man came the resurrection of the dead. {{rf{22}}} For just as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. {{rf{23}}} But each in his own group: Christ the first fruits, then those who are Christ's at his coming, {{rf{24}}} then the end, when he hands over the kingdom to the God and Father, when he has abolished all rule and all authority and power. {{rf{25}}} For it is necessary for him to reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-15-09]] }}}
 {{rf{26}}} The last enemy to be abolished is death. {{rf{27}}} For "he subjected all things under his feet." But when it says "all things" are subjected, it is clear that the one who subjected all things to him is not included. {{rf{28}}} But whenever all things are subjected to him, then the Son himself will be subjected to the one who subjected all things to him, in order that God may be all in all. {{rf{29}}} Otherwise, why do they do it, those who are being baptized on behalf of the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why indeed are they being baptized on behalf of them? {{rf{30}}} And why are we in danger every hour? {{rf{31}}} I die every day -- yes indeed, by my boasting in you, which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord! {{rf{32}}} If according to a human perspective I fought wild beasts at Ephesus, what benefit is it to me? If the dead are not raised, let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die. {{rf{33}}} Do not be deceived! "Bad company corrupts good morals." {{rf{34}}} Sober up correctly and stop sinning, for some have no knowledge of God -- I say this to your shame. {{rf{35}}} But someone will say, "How are the dead raised? And with what sort of body do they come?" {{rf{36}}} Foolish person! What you sow does not come to life unless it dies. {{rf{37}}} And what you sow is not the body which it will become, but you sow the bare seed, whether perhaps of wheat or of some of the rest. {{rf{38}}} But God gives to it a body just as he wishes, and to each one of the seeds its own body. {{rf{39}}} Not all flesh is the same, but there is one flesh of human beings, and another flesh of animals, and another flesh of birds, and another of fish, {{rf{40}}} and heavenly bodies and earthly bodies. But the glory of the heavenly bodies is of one kind, and the glory of the earthly bodies is of another kind. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-15-26]] }}}
 {{rf{41}}} There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars, for star differs from star in glory. {{rf{42}}} Thus also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruptibility. {{rf{43}}} It is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory. It is sown in weakness, it is raised in power. {{rf{44}}} It is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. {{rf{45}}} Thus also it is written, "The first man, Adam, became a living soul"; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit. {{rf{46}}} But the spiritual is not first, but the natural; then the spiritual. {{rf{47}}} The first man is from the earth, made of earth; the second man is from heaven. {{rf{48}}} As the one who is made of earth, so also are those who are made of earth, and as the heavenly, so also are those who are heavenly. {{rf{49}}} And just as we have borne the image of the one who is made of earth, we will also bear the image of the heavenly. {{rf{50}}} But I say this, brothers, that flesh and blood is not able to inherit the kingdom of God, nor can corruption inherit incorruptibility. {{rf{51}}} Behold, I tell you a mystery: we will not all fall asleep, but we will all be changed, {{rf{52}}} in a moment, in the blink of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. {{rf{53}}} For it is necessary for this perishable body to put on incorruptibility, and this mortal body to put on immortality. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-15-41]] }}}
 {{rf{54}}} But whenever this perishable body puts on incorruptibility and this mortal body puts on immortality, then the saying that is written will take place: "Death is swallowed up in victory. {{rf{55}}} Where, O death, is your victory? Where, O death, is your sting? {{rf{56}}} Now the sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. {{rf{57}}} But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ! {{rf{58}}} So then, my dear brothers, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, because you know that your labor is not in vain in the Lord. {{rf big{1}}} Now concerning the collection for the saints: just as I gave directions about it to the churches of Galatia, so you do also. {{rf{2}}} On the first day of the week, each one of you put aside something, saving up to whatever extent he has prospered, in order that whenever I come, at that time collections do not take place. {{rf{3}}} And whenever I arrive, whomever you approve by letters, I will send these to take your gift to Jerusalem. {{rf{4}}} And if it is worthwhile for me to go also, they will travel with me. {{rf{5}}} But I will come to you whenever I go through Macedonia (for I am going through Macedonia), {{rf{6}}} and perhaps I will stay with you, or even spend the winter, so that you may send me on my way wherever I may go. {{rf{7}}} For I do not want to see you now in passing, for I hope to remain some time with you, if the Lord allows it. {{rf{8}}} But I will remain in Ephesus until Pentecost, {{rf{9}}} for a great and effective door has opened for me, and there are many opponents. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-15-54]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} But if Timothy comes, see that he is with you without cause to fear, for he is carrying out the Lord's work, as I also am. {{rf{11}}} Therefore do not let anyone disdain him, but send him on his way in peace in order that he may come to me, for I am expecting him with the brothers. {{rf{12}}} Now concerning Apollos our brother, I urged him many times that he should come to you with the brothers, and he was not at all willing that he should come now, but he will come whenever he has an opportunity. {{rf{13}}} Be on the alert, stand firm in the faith, act courageously, be strong. {{rf{14}}} All your actions must be done in love. {{rf{15}}} Now I urge you, brothers -- you know about the household of Stephanas, that they are the first fruits of Achaia, and they have devoted themselves to the ministry for the saints -- {{rf{16}}} that you also be subject to such people, and to all those who work together and labor. {{rf{17}}} Now I rejoice over the arrival of Stephanas and Fortunatus and Achaicus, because these make up for your absence, {{rf{18}}} for they have refreshed my spirit and yours. Therefore recognize such people. {{rf{19}}} The churches of the province of Asia greet you. Aquila and Prisca greet you in the Lord many times, together with the church in their house. {{rf{20}}} All the brothers greet you. Greet one another with a holy kiss. {{rf{21}}} The greeting is by my hand -- Paul's. {{rf{22}}} If anyone does not love the Lord, let him be accursed. O Lord, come! {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-16-10]] }}}
 {{rf{23}}} The grace of the Lord Jesus be with you. {{rf{24}}} My love be with all of you in Christ Jesus. LENGTH SHORT {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Cor-16-23]] }}}
What was from the beginning, what we have heard, what we have seen with our eyes, what we have looked at and our hands have touched, concerning the word of life -- {{rf{2}}} and the life was revealed, and we have seen and testify and announce to you the eternal life which was with the Father and was revealed to us -- {{rf{3}}} what we have seen and heard, we announce to you also, in order that you also may have fellowship with us, and indeed our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ. {{rf{4}}} And these things we write, in order that our joy may be complete. {{rf{5}}} And this is the message which we have heard from him and announce to you, that God is light and there is no darkness in him at all. {{rf{6}}} If we say that we have fellowship with him and walk in the darkness, we lie and do not practice the truth. {{rf{7}}} But if we walk in the light as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus his Son cleanses us from all sin. {{rf{8}}} If we say that we do not have sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. {{rf{9}}} If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just, so that he will forgive us our sins and will cleanse us from all unrighteousness. {{rf{10}}} If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1John-01-01]] }}}
The phrase "we know" ties together much of the book.
----
<<Bbl 1J 1:1 abbr >>ff fellowship, it's basis
1:1-2   The emphasis on eye-witness truth which marks some of John's passages is, I am told, part of his argument against the gnostic doctrine which held the advent of Jesus to be less than fully human, fully physical.
1:8 Compare <<Bbl Pr 28:13 >>.
<<Bbl 1J 1:11 abbr>> cleansing. Is it that same verb for pruning?

<<Bbl 1J 2:1 abbr >> The same word as in John's gospel, indicating someone called alongside.
2:2 Here is a sharp statement for unlimited atonement, like <<Bbl 1Tim 4:10 >>.
<<Bbl 1J 2:4 abbr >> "I have come to know Him"    --  this is a perfect participle.
<<Bbl 1J 2:12 abbr >>-14	is not for taxonomy! It is for unity, for appreciating another category in age. Note also generalization.
<<Bbl 1J 2:15 abbr >>	this too is essential to unity, see v 10.  Compare <<Bbl Jms 4:4 >>.
<<Bbl 1J 2:18 abbr >>-19  From among your own selves   --  compare <<Bbl A 20:29 >>-30 .

<<Bbl 1J 3:1 abbr >> //Behold what manner// invites or anticipates amazement, compare the same wording in <<Bbl Mk 4:41 >>. Wuest renders great as "exotic". Compare <<Bbl 1C 2:14 >>.	
<<Bbl 1J 3:2 abbr >> See <<Bbl Mt 10:24 >>-25 ; <<Bbl L 6:10 >>.
<<Bbl 1J 3:15 abbr >>    This follows the reference to Cain, vs.12.
3:20    Compare <<Bbl Ps 119:32 >>.
<<Bbl 1J 3:23 abbr >> Compare <<Bbl J 6:29 >>.

<<Bbl 1J 4:2 abbr >> has come  is a perfect participle (compare 5:20), indicating that He is even now in the flesh .
4:3 Refering to gnosticism.
4:6 Compare <<Bbl 1Tim 6:3 >>-7 .

<<Bbl 1J 5:3 abbr >> see <<Bbl Dt 28:11 >>-14. 
<<Bbl 1J 5:7 abbr >>	Entertaining history. Vulgate, Erasmus, KJV.
<<Bbl 1J 5:13 abbr >> See <<Bbl J 19:35 >>.
<<Bbl 1J 5:19 abbr >>    John Stott calls this "a fact of great solemnity."
5:20    See 4:2
My little children, I am writing these things to you in order that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous one, {{rf{2}}} and he is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world. {{rf{3}}} And by this we know that we have come to know him, if we keep his commandments. {{rf{4}}} The one who says "I have come to know him," and does not keep his commandments is a liar, and the truth is not in this person. {{rf{5}}} But whoever keeps his word, truly in this person the love of God has been perfected. By this we know that we are in him. {{rf{6}}} The one who says that he resides in him ought also to walk just as that one walked. {{rf{7}}} Dear friends, I am not writing a new commandment to you, but an old commandment which you have had from the beginning. The old commandment is the message which you have heard. {{rf{8}}} Again, I am writing a new commandment to you, which is true in him and in you, because the darkness is passing away and the true light already is shining. {{rf{9}}} The one who says he is in the light and hates his brother is in the darkness until now. {{rf{10}}} The one who loves his brother resides in the light, and there is no cause for stumbling in him. {{rf{11}}} But the one who hates his brother is in the darkness, and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going, because the darkness has blinded his eyes. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1John-02-01]] }}}
 {{rf{12}}} I am writing to you, little children, because your sins have been forgiven you on account of his name. {{rf{13}}} I am writing to you, fathers, because you have known the One who is from the beginning. I am writing to you, young men, because you have conquered the evil one. {{rf{14}}} I have written to you, children, because you have known the Father. I have written to you, fathers, because you have known the One who is from the beginning. I have written to you, young men, because you are strong, and the word of God resides in you, and you have conquered the evil one. {{rf{15}}} Do not love the world or the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him, {{rf{16}}} because everything that is in the world -- the desire of the flesh and the desire of the eyes and the arrogance of material possessions -- is not from the Father, but is from the world. {{rf{17}}} And the world is passing away, and its desire, but the one who does the will of God remains forever. {{rf{18}}} Children, it is the last hour, and just as you have heard that antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have arisen, by which we know that it is the last hour. {{rf{19}}} They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would have remained with us. But they went out, in order that it might be shown that all of them are not of us. {{rf{20}}} And you have an anointing from the Holy One, and you all know. {{rf{21}}} I have not written to you because you do not know the truth, but because you do know it, and because every lie is not of the truth. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1John-02-12]] }}}
 {{rf{22}}} Who is the liar except the one who denies that Jesus is the Christ? This person is the antichrist, the one who denies the Father and the Son. {{rf{23}}} Everyone who denies the Son does not have the Father either; the one who confesses the Son has the Father also. {{rf{24}}} As for you, what you have heard from the beginning must remain in you. If what you have heard from the beginning remains in you, you also will remain in the Son and in the Father. {{rf{25}}} And this is the promise which he himself promised us: eternal life. {{rf{26}}} These things I have written to you concerning the ones who are trying to deceive you. {{rf{27}}} And as for you, the anointing which you received from him remains in you, and you do not have need that anyone teach you. But as his anointing teaches you about all things, and is true and is not a lie, and just as it has taught you, you reside in him. {{rf{28}}} And now, little children, remain in him, so that whenever he is revealed we may have confidence and not be put to shame before him at his coming. {{rf{29}}} If you know that he is righteous, you know that everyone who practices righteousness has been fathered by him. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1John-02-22]] }}}
See what sort of love the Father has given to us: that we should be called children of God, and we are! Because of this the world does not know us: because it did not know him. {{rf{2}}} Dear friends, now we are children of God, and what we will be has not yet been revealed. We know that whenever he is revealed we will be like him, because we will see him just as he is. {{rf{3}}} And everyone who has this hope in him purifies himself, just as that one is pure. {{rf{4}}} Everyone who practices sin also practices lawlessness, and sin is lawlessness. {{rf{5}}} And you know that that one was revealed in order that he might take away sins, and in him there is no sin. {{rf{6}}} Everyone who resides in him does not sin. Everyone who sins has neither seen him nor known him. {{rf{7}}} Little children, let no one deceive you: the one who practices righteousness is righteous, just as that one is righteous. {{rf{8}}} The one who practices sin is of the devil, because the devil has been sinning from the beginning. For this reason the Son of God was revealed: in order to destroy the works of the devil. {{rf{9}}} Everyone who is fathered by God does not practice sin, because his seed resides in him, and he is not able to sin, because he has been fathered by God. {{rf{10}}} By this the children of God and the children of the devil are evident: everyone who does not practice righteousness is not of God, namely, the one who does not love his brother. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1John-03-01]] }}}
 {{rf{11}}} For this is the message that you have heard from the beginning: that we should love one another, {{rf{12}}} not as Cain, who was of the evil one and violently murdered his brother. And for what reason did he violently murder him? Because his deeds were evil and the deeds of his brother were righteous. {{rf{13}}} Do not marvel, brothers, if the world hates you. {{rf{14}}} We know that we have passed over from death to life because we love the brothers. The one who does not love remains in death. {{rf{15}}} Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that every murderer does not have eternal life residing in him. {{rf{16}}} We have come to know love by this: that he laid down his life on behalf of us, and we ought to lay down our lives on behalf of the brothers. {{rf{17}}} But whoever has the world's material possessions and observes his brother in need and shuts his heart against him, how does the love of God reside in him? {{rf{18}}} Little children, let us not love with word or with tongue, but in deed and truth. {{rf{19}}} By this we know that we are of the truth and will convince our heart before him, {{rf{20}}} that if our heart condemns us, that God is greater than our heart and knows all things. {{rf{21}}} Dear friends, if our heart does not condemn us, we have confidence before God, {{rf{22}}} and whatever we ask we receive from him, because we keep his commandments and do what is pleasing in his sight. {{rf{23}}} And this is his commandment: that we believe in the name of his Son Jesus Christ and love one another, just as he commanded us. {{rf{24}}} And the one who keeps his commandments resides in him, and he in him. And by this we know that he resides in us: by the Spirit whom he has given to us. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1John-03-11]] }}}
Dear friends, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to determine if they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world. {{rf{2}}} By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, {{rf{3}}} and every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God, and this is the spirit of the antichrist, of which you have heard that it is coming, and now it is already in the world. {{rf{4}}} You are from God, little children, and have conquered them, because the one who is in you is greater than the one who is in the world. {{rf{5}}} They are from the world; therefore they speak from the world and the world listens to them. {{rf{6}}} We are from God. The one who knows God listens to us; whoever is not from God does not listen to us. By this we know the Spirit of truth and the spirit of deceit. {{rf{7}}} Dear friends, let us love one another, because love is from God, and everyone who loves has been fathered by God and knows God. {{rf{8}}} The one who does not love does not know God, because God is love. {{rf{9}}} By this the love of God is revealed in us: that God sent his one and only Son into the world in order that we may live through him. {{rf{10}}} In this is love: not that we have loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins. {{rf{11}}} Dear friends, if God loved us in this way, we also ought to love one another. {{rf{12}}} No one has seen God at any time. If we love one another, God resides in us and his love is perfected in us. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1John-04-01]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} By this we know that we reside in him and he in us: that he has given us of his Spirit. {{rf{14}}} And we have seen and testify that the Father has sent the Son to be the Savior of the world. {{rf{15}}} Whoever confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, God resides in him and he in God. {{rf{16}}} And we have come to know and have believed the love that God has in us. God is love, and the one who resides in love resides in God, and God resides in him. {{rf{17}}} By this love is perfected with us, so that we may have confidence in the day of judgment, because just as that one is, so also are we in this world. {{rf{18}}} There is no fear in love, but perfect love drives out fear, because fear includes punishment, and the one who is afraid has not been perfected in love. {{rf{19}}} We love, because he first loved us. {{rf{20}}} If anyone says, "I love God," and hates his brother, he is a liar, for the one who does not love his brother whom he has seen is not able to love God whom he has not seen. {{rf{21}}} And this is the commandment we have from him: that the one who loves God should love his brother also. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1John-04-13]] }}}
Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ has been fathered by God, and everyone who loves the father also loves the child fathered by him. {{rf{2}}} By this we know that we love the children of God: whenever we love God and keep his commandments. {{rf{3}}} For this is the love of God: that we keep his commandments. And his commandments are not burdensome, {{rf{4}}} because everyone who is fathered by God conquers the world. {{rf{5}}} Now who is the one who conquers the world except the one who believes that Jesus is the Son of God? {{rf{6}}} This is the one who came by water and blood -- Jesus Christ, not with the water only, but with the water and with the blood. And the Spirit is the one who testifies, because the Spirit is the truth. {{rf{7}}} For there are three that testify, {{rf{8}}} the Spirit and the water and the blood, and the three are in agreement. {{rf{9}}} If we receive the testimony of people, the testimony of God is greater, because this is the testimony of God that he has testified concerning his Son. {{rf{10}}} (The one who believes in the Son of God has the testimony in himself. The one who does not believe God has made him a liar, because he has not believed in the testimony that God has testified concerning his Son.) {{rf{11}}} And this is the testimony: that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. {{rf{12}}} The one who has the Son has the life; the one who does not have the Son of God does not have the life. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1John-05-01]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, in order that you may know that you have eternal life. {{rf{14}}} And this is the confidence that we have before him: that if we ask anything according to his will, he hears us. {{rf{15}}} And if we know that he hears us in whatever we ask, we know that we have the requests that we have asked from him. {{rf{16}}} If anyone should see his brother sinning a sin not leading to death, he should ask, and he will grant life to him, to those who sin not leading to death. (There is a sin leading to death; I do not say that he should ask about that. {{rf{17}}} All unrighteousness is sin, and there is a sin not leading to death.) {{rf{18}}} We know that everyone who is fathered by God does not sin, but the one fathered by God, he protects him, and the evil one does not touch him. {{rf{19}}} We know that we are from God, and the whole world lies in the power of the evil one. {{rf{20}}} And we know that the Son of God has come and has given us understanding, in order that we may know the one who is true, and we are in the one who is true, in his Son Jesus Christ. This one is the true God and eternal life. {{rf{21}}} Little children, guard yourselves from idols. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1John-05-13]] }}}
Now King David had become old, advanced in years, and they covered him with garments, but he was not warm. {{rf{2}}} His servants said to him, "Let them search for a young virgin for my lord the king, and let her stand before the king. Let her be of use for him, and let her lie in your lap that my lord the king may be warm." {{rf{3}}} So they sought a beautiful young woman in all the territory of Israel, and they found Abishag the Shunnamite and brought her to the king. {{rf{4}}} Now the young woman was very beautiful; she was of use for the king, and she served him, but the king did not have sexual relations with her. {{rf{5}}} Now Adonijah the son of Haggith was exalting himself, saying, "I will be king," so he prepared for himself a chariot and horsemen and fifty men running before him. {{rf{6}}} His father did not rebuke him at any time by saying, "Why did you do so?" Now he was also very handsome of appearance; she had borne him after Absalom. {{rf{7}}} He conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest, and they supported Adonijah. {{rf{8}}} But Zadok the priest, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and the mighty warriors were David's; they were not with Adonijah. {{rf{9}}} And Adonijah sacrificed sheep, oxen, and fattened animals near the stone of Zoheleth, which is beside En Rogel. He invited all of his brothers, the sons of the king, and all the men of Judah, the servants of the king. {{rf{10}}} But he did not invite Nathan the prophet or Benaiah or the mighty warriors or Solomon his brother. {{rf{11}}} Then Nathan said to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, "Have you not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith has become king, but our lord David does not know? {{rf{12}}} So then, come, let me advise you please, that you may save your life and the life of your son, Solomon. {{rf{13}}} Come, go to King David and say to him, 'Have you not, my lord the king, sworn to your servant, "Surely Solomon your son shall become king after me. And he will sit on my throne"? But why is Adonijah king?' {{rf{14}}} While you are still there speaking with the king, I will enter after you, and I will confirm your words." {{rf{15}}} So Bathsheba went to the king in the private room. Now the king was very old, and Abishag the Shunnamite was attending the king. {{rf{16}}} Bathsheba knelt and bowed down before the king, and the king asked, "What do you want?" {{rf{17}}} She said to him, "My lord, you swore by Yahweh your God to your servant, 'Solomon your son surely shall become king after me, and he will sit upon my throne!' {{rf{18}}} But now, look! Adonijah has become king! And now, my lord the king, you do not know! {{rf{19}}} He has sacrificed oxen and sheep and fattened animals in abundance, and he has invited all the sons of the king, Abiathar the priest, Joab the commander of the army, but Solomon your servant he did not invite. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-01-01]] }}}
<<Bbl 1K 1:4 abbr>> 	[[Usurp]]
1:5 see <<Bbl 2S 15:1 >>

<<Bbl 1K 2:6 abbr >>-9   Already referring to wisdom.
<<Bbl 1K 2:22 abbr>>    The excuse Solomon might easily have been seeking, for the man seems treacherous.  Or perhaps, as I've read, this was a powerful jealousy for the woman for whom the Song of Songs was composed.

<<Bbl 1K 3:1 abbr >>	Hebron, the city of David? The answer is no, but maybe a subdistrict.  See 8:1.
3:1-3   Already the beginnings of his apostasy.
3:15    Why do we say, "It was only a dream?"
3:26-27 An encounter with the wisdom of God  --  with all its import of life and death.  The decision concerns not ownership but life and murder.  A study in righteousness; the issue of genetic motherhood is transcended by righteousness.  Indeed, this may be the sole reference of Solomon's concluding statement.
3:28    Larger historical significance of the story.

<<Bbl 1K 4:33 abbr>> – Authority as Adam who named the animals.

<<Bbl 1K 7:1 abbr>>-39 – wife of bronze pieces?  Public feasts?  Did of the bath hold water fustian Mark, why not the cistern?
7:51 – David's dedicated wealth.  See 2 Samuel 4:7-12.

8:1 – a bad chapter division.  This verse goes with 7:51.
8:5 – any blessing for this?  See 2 Samuel 6:13.
8:22 – this begins a high priestly prayer.  Highlight verse 38.  Compare with John, 17.
8:59 – intercession.

<<Bbl 1K 10:1 abbr>>  See [[Witness]] and <<Bbl Mt 12:42>>
<<Bbl 1K 10:3 abbr >> @@Hilite@@. The wonder is in both the knowledge and its transmission. So with Jesus.  As for what Solomon told her, there is the natural world (1K 0429, <<Bbl Eccl 1:6 >>-7); relationships (Proverbs); and the revelation of the covenant (1K 1009).

<<Bbl 1K 11:26 abbr >>	Rachel vs Leah
<<Bbl 1K 11:31 abbr>> The visual aid presented seems to offer the idea of [[Futility]].  What good are 10 //pieces// of a robe? Did he think to be grieved at having scraps of fabric (did he save them, cherish them?)
 {{rf{20}}} But as for you, my lord the king, the eyes of all of Israel are on you, to tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him. {{rf{21}}} It shall be that when my lord the king sleeps with his ancestors, I and my son Solomon will be considered as sinners." {{rf{22}}} While she was still speaking with the king, Nathan the prophet came in. {{rf{23}}} They told the king, "Nathan the prophet is here." He came into the presence of the king and bowed down before the king with his face to the ground. {{rf{24}}} Nathan said, "My lord the king, have you said, 'Adonijah shall be king after me and he shall sit on my throne'? {{rf{25}}} "For he went down today and sacrificed oxen, sheep, and fattened animals in abundance. He invited all the sons of the king, the commanders of the army, and Abiathar the priest, and look, they are eating and drinking before him. They have also said, "Long live King Adonijah! {{rf{26}}} But me, your servant, Zadok the priest, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Solomon your servant he did not invite. {{rf{27}}} If it was from my lord the king that this thing has happened, then all is well, but if not, you must let your servants know who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him." {{rf{28}}} Then King David answered and said, "Summon Bathsheba for me." Then she came before the king and stood in his presence. {{rf{29}}} Then the king swore and said, "As Yahweh lives, who has saved my life from all trouble, {{rf{30}}} surely as I swore to you by Yahweh the God of Israel, saying, 'Solomon your son shall surely be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne in my place,' surely I shall do so this very day." {{rf{31}}} Then Bathsheba knelt with her face to the ground and did obeisance to the king, and she said, "May my lord, King David, live forever." {{rf{32}}} Then King David said, "Summon Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada," and they came before the king. {{rf{33}}} The king said to them, "Take with you all the servants of your lord, and let them make Solomon my son ride on my mule, and bring him down to Gihon. {{rf{34}}} Let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there as king over Israel. Blow on the trumpet and say, 'Long live King Solomon!' {{rf{35}}} Then you shall go up after him, and let him come and sit on my throne; he shall be king in my place. I have appointed him to be leader over Israel and Judah." {{rf{36}}} Then Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king and said, "Amen! So may Yahweh, the God of my lord the king, confirm it! {{rf{37}}} As Yahweh was with my lord the king, so may he be with Solomon and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord King David." {{rf{38}}} Then Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites, and the Pelethites went down, and they let Solomon ride on the mule of King David, and they brought him to Gihon. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-01-20]] }}}
 {{rf{39}}} Then Zadok the priest took the horn of oil from the tent, and he anointed Solomon. They blew on the trumpet, and all the people said, "Long live King Solomon!" {{rf{40}}} All the people went up after him, and the people were playing on the flutes and rejoicing with great joy, and the earth shook with their noise. {{rf{41}}} And Adonijah and all the invited guests who were with him heard it. Now they were finished eating when Joab heard the sound of the trumpet and said, "Why is there such a noise in the city?" {{rf{42}}} While he was still speaking, suddenly Jonathan the son of Abiathar the priest came. Adonijah said, "Come, for you are a man of valor, and you bring good news." {{rf{43}}} Jonathan answered and said to Adonijah, "But our lord King David has made Solomon king! {{rf{44}}} He sent Zadok the priest with the king, and Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites, and the Pelethites; they made him ride on the king's mule. {{rf{45}}} Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anointed him as king at Gihon, and they have gone up from there rejoicing. The city has gone wild; this is the sound which you heard. {{rf{46}}} And also, Solomon sits on the throne of the kingdom! {{rf{47}}} The servants of the king also came to congratulate our lord King David, saying, 'Your God has made the name of Solomon better than your name and his throne greater than your throne!' So the king worshiped on the bed. {{rf{48}}} What is more, the king said, 'May Yahweh the God of Israel be blessed, who has given this day one sitting on my throne, and my eyes are seeing it!'" {{rf{49}}} Then all the invited guests who were for Adonijah trembled and got up and went, each on his way. {{rf{50}}} Adonijah was afraid because of Solomon, and he got up and went and grasped the horns of the altar. {{rf{51}}} Solomon was told, "Look, Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon, and he has grasped the horns of the altar, saying, 'Let King Solomon swear to me first that he will surely not kill his servant with the sword!'" {{rf{52}}} Solomon said, "If he is a son of noble character, not a hair of his head will fall to the ground, but if evil is found in him, then he will die." {{rf{53}}} Then King Solomon sent and brought him down from upon the altar. He came and did obeisance to King Solomon. Solomon said to him, "Go to your house." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-01-39]] }}}
The days of David came near for him to die, and he charged Solomon his son, saying, {{rf{2}}} "I am about to go the way of all the world. Be strong and be courageous. {{rf{3}}} You shall keep the charge of Yahweh your God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, his commandments, his judgments, and his testimonies, as are written in the law of Moses, so that you may prosper in all that you do and everywhere you turn, {{rf{4}}} so that Yahweh may establish his word which he spoke concerning me, saying, 'If your sons take heed of their way, to walk before me in faithfulness, with all their heart and with all their soul, no man of yours will be cut off from the throne of Israel.'" {{rf{5}}} "Moreover, you also know what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me when he dealt with the two commanders of the armies of Israel, to Abner son of Ner and to Amasa son of Jether, and he murdered them and put the blood of war in a time of peace. He put the blood of war on the leather belt that was on his waist and on the sandals which were on his feet. {{rf{6}}} You must act according to your wisdom, but you must not let his gray hair go down to Sheol in peace. {{rf{7}}} Regarding the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite, you shall do loyal love and let them be among those who eat at your table, because they met me when I fled from Absalom your brother. {{rf{8}}} And look, Shimei the son of Gera the son of the Benjaminite from Bahurim is with you. Now he cursed me severely when I went to Mahanaim, but he came down to meet me at the Jordan, so I swore to him by Yahweh, 'I surely will not kill you with the sword.' {{rf{9}}} So then, do not leave him unpunished, for you are a wise man, and you will know what you must do to him. You must bring his grey hair down to Sheol with blood." {{rf{10}}} Then David slept with his ancestors and was buried in the city of David. {{rf{11}}} The days that David reigned over Israel were forty years; he reigned seven years in Hebron and thirty-three years in Jerusalem. {{rf{12}}} Then Solomon sat on the throne of David his father, and his kingdom was firmly established. {{rf{13}}} Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, and she said, "Are you coming in peace?" He said, "Peace." {{rf{14}}} Then he said, "May I have a word with you?" Then she said, "Go on." {{rf{15}}} He said, "You know that the kingship was mine and that all Israel had set their face toward me as king, but the kingship turned around and became my brother's, for it was from Yahweh for him to have it. {{rf{16}}} Now one request I am asking from you, and you must not refuse me." Then she said to him, "Go on." {{rf{17}}} He said, "Please speak to King Solomon, for he will not refuse you, so that he will give to me Abishag the Shunnamite as wife." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-02-01]] }}}
 {{rf{18}}} Then Bathsheba said, "Very well, I will speak to the king concerning you." {{rf{19}}} Bathsheba came to King Solomon to speak to him concerning Adonijah, and the king got up to meet her, bowed down to her, and then sat on his throne. Then he set up a throne for the king's mother, and she sat on his right. {{rf{20}}} She said, "I have one small request I am asking from you. Do not refuse me." The king said to her, "Ask, my mother, for I will not refuse you." {{rf{21}}} Then she said, "Let Abishag the Shunnamite be given to Adonijah your brother as wife." {{rf{22}}} King Solomon answered and said to his mother, "Why are you asking Abishag the Shunnamite for Adonijah? Ask for him also the kingdom, for he is my brother, older than I; and ask for him also Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah." {{rf{23}}} Then King Solomon swore by Yahweh, saying, "Thus may God do to me and thus may he add, if Adonijah hasn't spoken this thing at the expense of his life. {{rf{24}}} So then, as Yahweh lives, who has established me and seated me on the throne of my father David and who has established for me a dynasty as he promised, then surely Adonijah will be put to death today." {{rf{25}}} King Solomon sent through the hand of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, so he struck him, and he died. {{rf{26}}} To Abiathar the priest, the king said, "Go to Anathoth, to your field, for you deserve to die, but on this day I will not kill you, for you carried the ark of the Lord Yahweh before David my father, and because you endured hardship in all the hardship that my father endured." {{rf{27}}} So Solomon banished Abiathar from being priest to Yahweh, thus fulfilling the word which Yahweh had spoken concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh. {{rf{28}}} When the message came to Joab (now Joab had supported Adonijah but had not supported Absalom), he fled to the tent of Yahweh and grasped the horns of the altar. {{rf{29}}} It was told to King Solomon that Joab had fled to the tent of Yahweh and was beside the altar. So Solomon sent word to Benaiah son of Jehoiada, saying, "Go and fall upon him." {{rf{30}}} So Benaiah went to the tent of Yahweh, and he said to him, "Thus says the king: 'Come out.'" And he said, "No, for I want to die here." So Benaiah returned a word to the king, saying, "Thus Joab spoke, and thus he answered me." {{rf{31}}} Then the king said to him, "Do as he spoke; fall upon him and bury him, and so you shall remove the innocent blood that Joab shed from on me and from on the house of my father. {{rf{32}}} Yahweh will return his blood on his head, because he fell upon two men, more righteous and better than he, and he killed them with the sword, even though my father did not know it; namely Abner son of Ner, commander of the army of Israel, and Amasa son of Jether, commander of the army of Judah. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-02-18]] }}}
 {{rf{33}}} And their blood will return on the head of Joab and on the head of his descendants forever, but for David and his descendants and for his house and his throne, there will be peace forever from Yahweh." {{rf{34}}} So Benaiah son of Jehoiada went up, and he fell on him and killed him, and he was buried in his house in the wilderness. {{rf{35}}} Then the king appointed Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his place over the army, and the king appointed Zadok the priest in place of Abiathar. {{rf{36}}} Then the king sent and summoned Shimei, and he said to him, "Build yourself a house in Jerusalem and live there, but you must not go out anywhere whatsoever from there. {{rf{37}}} It shall happen that on the day you go out and cross over the Wadi Kidron, know for certain that you will surely die. Your blood will be on your head." {{rf{38}}} Shimei said to the king, "The word is good that my lord the king has spoken to me; thus will your servant do." So Shimei lived in Jerusalem many days. {{rf{39}}} It happened that at the end of three years, two of Shimei's slaves fled to Achish, son of Maacah, the king of Gath. They told Shimei, saying, "Your slaves are here in Gath." {{rf{40}}} So Shimei got up and saddled his donkey, and he went to Gath, to Achish, to search for his slaves. So Shimei went and brought his slaves from Gath. {{rf{41}}} When Solomon was told that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath and had returned, {{rf{42}}} the king sent and summoned Shimei, and he said to him, "Did I not make you swear by Yahweh? I warned you, saying, 'On the day you go out and you go anywhere whatsoever, know for certain that you will surely die.' And you said to me, 'The word is good; I accept.' {{rf{43}}} Why have you not kept the oath of Yahweh and the command which I commanded you?" {{rf{44}}} Then the king said to Shimei, "You know all the evil which your heart knows, what you did to David my father. Now Yahweh will return the evil on your head, {{rf{45}}} but King Solomon will be blessed and the throne of David will be established before Yahweh forever." {{rf{46}}} Then the king commanded Benaiah son of Jehoiada, and he went out and fell upon him, and he died. So the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-02-33]] }}}
Solomon intermarried with Pharaoh the king of Egypt, and he took the daughter of Pharaoh and brought her to the city of David until he finished building his house, the house of Yahweh, and the walls of Jerusalem all around. {{rf{2}}} But the people were sacrificing on the high places, for the house for the name of Yahweh had not yet been built in those days. {{rf{3}}} Solomon loved Yahweh, by walking in the statutes of David his father; only he was sacrificing and offering incense on the high places. {{rf{4}}} So the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice, for the great high place was there. Solomon used to offer a thousand burnt offerings on that altar. {{rf{5}}} Yahweh appeared to Solomon at Gibeon in a dream at night, and God said, "Ask what I should give to you." {{rf{6}}} Then Solomon said, "You have shown great loyal love with your servant David my father, as he walked before you in faithfulness and in righteousness and in uprightness of heart with you. You have shown for him this great loyal love, and you have given a son to him who is sitting on his throne as it is this day. {{rf{7}}} So then, O Yahweh, you are my God. You have made your servant king in place of David my father though I am a young boy. I do not know going out or coming in. {{rf{8}}} Your servant is in the middle of your people whom you have chosen; a great people who cannot be counted or numbered because of abundance. {{rf{9}}} Give to your servant a listening heart to judge your people, to discern between good and bad, because who is able to judge this, your difficult people?" {{rf{10}}} The word was good in the eyes of the Lord that Solomon had asked this thing. {{rf{11}}} And God said to him, "Because you have asked this thing and you did not ask for yourself a long life and you did not ask riches for yourself and you did not ask for the life of your enemies, but you have asked for yourself the ability to make wise judgments; {{rf{12}}} behold, I do hereby do according to your word. I hereby give you a wise and discerning heart; there was no one like you before you, nor afterwards will one like you arise. {{rf{13}}} Too, what you have not asked I give to you: both riches and honor, so that no man among the kings will be like you all of your days. {{rf{14}}} If you will walk in my ways by keeping my statutes and my commandments, as David your father walked, then I will lengthen your days." {{rf{15}}} Then Solomon awoke, and look, it was a dream, and he came to Jerusalem and stood before the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and he offered burnt offerings and presented fellowship offerings, and he held a feast for all of his servants. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-03-01]] }}}
 {{rf{16}}} Then two prostitutes came to the king, and they stood before him. {{rf{17}}} The one woman said, "Please my lord, I and this woman are living in one house, and I gave birth, with her in the house. {{rf{18}}} It happened on the third day after my giving birth, this woman also gave birth, and we were together. There was not anyone with us in the house, only the two of us were in the house. {{rf{19}}} Then the son of this woman died in the night because she laid on him. {{rf{20}}} So she got up in the middle of the night, and she took my son from beside me while your servant was asleep, and she put him in her lap, and she put her dead son in my lap. {{rf{21}}} When I got up in the morning to nurse my son, behold, he was dead! When I looked closely at him in the morning, behold, it was not my son whom I had borne." {{rf{22}}} Then the other woman said, "No, for my son is the living one, and your son is the dead one." The other kept on saying, "No, for your son is the dead one, and my son is the living one," and so they argued in front of the king. {{rf{23}}} Then the king said, "This one is saying, 'This is my son, the living one, but your son is the dead one,' and the other one keeps saying, 'But no! Your son is the dead one, and my son is living!'" {{rf{24}}} So the king said, "Bring me a sword," and they brought the sword before the king. {{rf{25}}} Then the king said, "Divide the living child into two, and give half to the one and half to the other." {{rf{26}}} Then the woman whose son was the living one spoke to the king because her compassion was aroused for her son, and she said, "Please, my lord, give her the living child, but certainly do not kill him!" The other one was saying, "As for me, so for you! Divide him!" {{rf{27}}} Then the king answered and said, "Give the living child to her, and do not kill him; she is his mother." {{rf{28}}} When all of Israel heard the judgment that the king had rendered, they stood in awe of the king, because they realized that the wisdom of God was in him to execute justice. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-03-16]] }}}
King Solomon was king over all Israel. {{rf{2}}} Now these are the officials who were his: Azariah the son of Zadok was the priest. {{rf{3}}} Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, were the secretaries; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder. {{rf{4}}} Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the army, and Zadok and Abiathar were priests. {{rf{5}}} Azariah the son of Nathan was over the governors, and Zabud the son of Nathan was a priest, an advisor to the king. {{rf{6}}} Ahishar was over the palace, and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the forced labor. {{rf{7}}} Solomon had twelve governors over all Israel, and they sustained the king and his palace, each one was to sustain for each month of the year. {{rf{8}}} These are their names: Ben-Hur was in the hill country of Ephraim. {{rf{9}}} Ben-Deker was in Makaz and in Shaalbim and in Beth-Shemesh and Elon of Beth-Hanan. {{rf{10}}} Ben-Hesed was in the Arubbot; Socoh and all the land of Hepher were his. {{rf{11}}} Ben-Abinadab was in all of Naphat of Dor; Taphath the daughter of Solomon was his wife. {{rf{12}}} Baanah the son of Ahilud was in Taanach and Megiddo and all Beth-Shean which is beside Zarethan below Jezreel, of Beth-Shean up to Abel-Meholah up to the other side of Jokmeam. {{rf{13}}} Ben-Geber was in Ramoth-Gilead; the villages of Jair, the son of Manasseh which are in the Gilead were his, and the region of Argob which is in the Bashan, sixty great cities, with walls having crossbars of bronze, were his. {{rf{14}}} Ahinadab the son of Iddo was in Mahanaim. {{rf{15}}} Ahimaaz was in Naphtali; he moreover also had taken Basemath the daughter of Solomon as wife. {{rf{16}}} Baanah the son of Hushai was in Asher and Bealoth. {{rf{17}}} Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah was in Issachar. {{rf{18}}} Shimei the son of Ela was in Benjamin. {{rf{19}}} Geber the son of Uri was in the land of Gilead, the land of Sihon, the king of the Amorites, and of Og, the king of Bashan; one governor which was over the land. {{rf{20}}} Judah and Israel were as many as the sand which is on the seashore in abundance, eating and drinking and rejoicing! {{rf{21}}} Now Solomon was ruling over all the kingdoms from the River to the land of the Philistines, and up to the border of Egypt, who were bringing tribute and were serving Solomon all the days of his life. {{rf{22}}} The food of Solomon for one day was thirty dry measures of choice meal and sixty dry measures of flour; {{rf{23}}} ten stall-fed oxen and twenty pasture-fed oxen and a hundred sheep, besides deer and buck gazelles and roebucks and well-fed fowls. {{rf{24}}} For he was ruling over all the west of the River from Tiphsah up to Gaza, over all the kings west of the River; and he had peace from every side all around. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-04-01]] }}}
 {{rf{25}}} Judah and Israel lived in security, each man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan as far as Beersheba, all the days of Solomon. {{rf{26}}} Now Solomon had forty thousand stalls of horses for his war chariots and twelve thousand horsemen. {{rf{27}}} These governors sustained King Solomon and all who came near to the table of King Solomon, each in his month; they did not omit anything. {{rf{28}}} The barley and the straw for the horses and for packhorses they brought to the place where they were, each according to his share. {{rf{29}}} God gave wisdom to Solomon and very great discernment, as well as breadth of understanding, as the sand which is on the edge of the seashore. {{rf{30}}} The wisdom of Solomon was greater than the wisdom of all the people of the east and more than all the wisdom of Egypt. {{rf{31}}} He was wiser than all the men: Ethan the Ezrahite; Heman, Calcol, and Darda the children of Mahol; and he was very well known. {{rf{32}}} He spoke three thousand proverbs, and his songs were one thousand and five. {{rf{33}}} He spoke concerning the trees, from the cedar which is in Lebanon up to the hyssop which grows on the wall; he also spoke concerning the animals, concerning the birds, concerning the creeping things, and concerning the fish. {{rf{34}}} They came from all the nations to hear the wisdom of Solomon; from all the kings of the earth who had heard of his wisdom. {{rf big{1}}} Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon when he heard that they had anointed him as king in place of his father, for Hiram had always been a friend for David. {{rf{2}}} Then Solomon sent to Hiram, saying, {{rf{3}}} "You knew David my father, that he was not able to build a house for the name of Yahweh his God, in view of the warfare which surrounded him, until Yahweh placed them under the soles of his feet. {{rf{4}}} But now Yahweh my God has given me rest all around me. There is no adversary, and there is no bad occurrence. {{rf{5}}} Here I am, intending to build a house for the name of Yahweh my God, as Yahweh promised to my father David, saying, 'Your son, whom I will set in your place on your throne, shall build the house for my name.' {{rf{6}}} So then, command that they may cut cedars for me from Lebanon, and let my servants be with your servants. The wage of your servants I will give to you according to all that you say, for you know that there is no one among us who knows how to cut timber like the Sidonians." {{rf{7}}} When Hiram heard the words of Solomon, he rejoiced greatly, and he said, "Blessed be Yahweh this day, who has given to David a wise son over this great people." {{rf{8}}} Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, "I have heard what you have sent to me; I will do all of your desire concerning the timber of cedars and concerning the timber of cypresses. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-04-25]] }}}
 {{rf{9}}} My servants will bring them down from Lebanon to the sea, and I will make them into rafts in the sea to float to the place which you indicated to me. Then I shall break them up there, and you may carry them further, and you shall meet my needs by giving food for my house." {{rf{10}}} So Hiram was giving to Solomon the cedar timbers and the cypress timbers, everything he needed. {{rf{11}}} Then Solomon gave to Hiram twenty thousand dry measures of wheat as food for his household, and twenty dry measures of specially prepared olive oil; thus Solomon gave to Hiram year by year. {{rf{12}}} Yahweh gave wisdom to Solomon as he promised to him, and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon, and the two of them made a covenant. {{rf{13}}} Then King Solomon conscripted a forced labor from all Israel, and the forced labor numbered thirty thousand men. {{rf{14}}} He sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand every month; the work groups were a month in Lebanon and two months at home; now Adoniram was over the forced labor. {{rf{15}}} Solomon had seventy thousand common laborers and eighty thousand stone craftsmen in the hill country. {{rf{16}}} Besides the chiefs of the officers Solomon had, there were three thousand three hundred having charge over the people who were doing the work. {{rf{17}}} When the king commanded, they quarried great stones and precious stones to lay the foundation of the house with hewn stones. {{rf{18}}} So Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders and the Gebalites hewed stones, and they prepared the timber and the stone to build the house. {{rf big{1}}} It happened in the four hundred and eightieth year after the Israelites went out from the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's rule over Israel, the month of Ziv (that is the second month), that he began to build the house for Yahweh. {{rf{2}}} Now the house that King Solomon built for Yahweh was sixty cubits in its length and twenty cubits in its width and thirty cubits in its height. {{rf{3}}} The vestibule on the face of the main hall of the temple was twenty cubits in its length, and the width of the temple was ten cubits wide on the face of the temple. {{rf{4}}} And he made for the temple specially designed framed windows, {{rf{5}}} and he built a structure against the wall of the temple running all along the walls of the house, for the outer sanctuary and for the inner sanctuary, and made side rooms all around. {{rf{6}}} The lower structure was five cubits in its width and the middle was six cubits in its width and the third was seven cubits in its width, for he made niches for the temple all around to the outside, so that beams would not attach to the walls of the temple. {{rf{7}}} Now while the temple was being built, it was built with stones finished at the quarry, so that no hammer or stone shaping tool or any instrument of iron was heard in the temple as it was being built. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-05-09]] }}}
 {{rf{8}}} The doorway of the side room in the middle of the side of the temple was on the south; they went up with a stairway to the middle and from the middle to the third floor. {{rf{9}}} So he built the house and finished it. He covered the temple with rafters and wood planks and with the cedars. {{rf{10}}} He also built the structure against all of the temple five cubits in height and fastened it to the temple with beams of cedar. {{rf{11}}} Then the word of Yahweh came to Solomon, saying, {{rf{12}}} "Regarding this temple that you are building: if you walk in my ordinances and if you do my judgments and you keep all my commandments to walk in them, then I will establish my promise with you which I made to David your father. {{rf{13}}} And I will dwell among the Israelites, and I will not forsake my people Israel." {{rf{14}}} So Solomon built the temple and finished it. {{rf{15}}} He lined the walls of the inside of the house with boards of cedar; from the floor of the temple up to the rafters of the ceiling he covered them with wood on the inside. He also covered the floor of the temple with cypress boards. {{rf{16}}} He built twenty cubits from the rear of the house with boards of cedar from the floor up to the ceiling, and he built for it an inner sanctuary on the inside, as the most holy place. {{rf{17}}} The main hall of the temple was forty cubits in front of the inner sanctuary, {{rf{18}}} with the cedar within the inner house having carvings of gourds and buds of flowers. It was entirely of cedar; there was not a stone visible. {{rf{19}}} Now in the inner sanctuary in the middle of the temple he prepared the inside to place the ark of the covenant of Yahweh there. {{rf{20}}} In front, the inner sanctuary was twenty cubits long and twenty cubits wide and twenty cubits high, and he overlaid it with pure gold and covered the altar with cedar. {{rf{21}}} Solomon overlaid the temple on the inside with pure gold, and he drew across it with golden chains in front of the inner sanctuary, which he overlaid with gold. {{rf{22}}} All of the temple he overlaid with gold until all of the temple was finished; all of the altar which belonged to the inner sanctuary he overlaid with gold. {{rf{23}}} He made two cherubim of olive wood for the inner sanctuary, ten cubits high. {{rf{24}}} Five cubits was the first wing of the cherub, and five cubits the second wing of the cherub, from the tip of his one wing up to the tip of his other wing. {{rf{25}}} The second cherub was ten cubits according to the same measurement, and there was one shape for the two cherubim. {{rf{26}}} The height of the first cherub was ten cubits and so was the second cherub. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-06-08]] }}}
 {{rf{27}}} He placed the cherubim in the middle of the inner house, and they spread out the wings of the cherubim; the wing of the first cherub touched against the wall and the wing of the second cherub was touching against the second wall; their wings spread to the middle of the house and were touching wing to wing. {{rf{28}}} He also overlaid the cherubim with gold. {{rf{29}}} On all of the walls around the house, he carved engravings of cherubim and palm tree images and budding flowers both inside and out. {{rf{30}}} He overlaid the floor of the house with gold both inside and out. {{rf{31}}} He made doors of olive wood for the doorway of the inner sanctuary, as well as for the doorpost of the fifth doorframe. {{rf{32}}} On the two doors of olive wood he made carvings of cherubim and palm tree images and budding flowers, and he overlaid them with gold by beating out the gold on the cherubim and the palm tree images. {{rf{33}}} Thus he made doorframes of olive wood on four sides for the doorway of the main hall {{rf{34}}} and two doors of cypress wood; one door with two folding panels and the second door with two folding panels. {{rf{35}}} He carved cherubim and palm tree images and budding flowers and overlaid them with gold evenly applied on the carved work. {{rf{36}}} Then he built the inner courtyard with three rows of dressed stone and a row of cedar beams. {{rf{37}}} In the fourth year, the house of Yahweh was founded in the month of Ziv. {{rf{38}}} In the eleventh year in the month of Bul, that is, the eighth month, the house was finished according to all his specifications and according to all his plans. He had built it in seven years. {{rf big{1}}} Solomon built his house over thirteen years, and he finished all of his house. {{rf{2}}} He built the House of the Forest of Lebanon; one hundred cubits its length, fifty cubits its width, and thirty cubits its height, on four rows of cedar pillars and cedar beams atop the pillars. {{rf{3}}} It was covered with cedar above, and the supporting beams which were on the forty-five pillars, fifteen to the row. {{rf{4}}} There were three rows of specially designed windows; with window to window three times. {{rf{5}}} All of the doorways and the doorframes had four-sided casings, with opening to opposite opening three times. {{rf{6}}} The hall of pillars he made fifty cubits in its length and thirty cubits in its width, and a porch was in front of them, with pillars and an overhang in front of them. {{rf{7}}} He made the hall of the throne where he would pronounce judgment, the hall of justice, and it was covered with cedar from the floor to the rafters. {{rf{8}}} His house where he would live in the next courtyard on the inside of the porch was like this work, and he would make a house like this porch for the daughter of Pharaoh whom Solomon had taken as wife. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-06-27]] }}}
 {{rf{9}}} All of these were of precious stones, according to the measurement of dressed stone, sawn with a saw on all sides; from the foundation up to the eaves and from the outside up to the great courtyard. {{rf{10}}} The foundation was of precious stones, and large stones of ten cubits and stones of eight cubits {{rf{11}}} with precious stones above, just the right size, and cedar. {{rf{12}}} The great courtyard all around had three rows of dressed stones and a row of cedar beams; for both the courtyard of the inner house of Yahweh and for the porch of the house. {{rf{13}}} King Solomon invited and received Hiram from Tyre. {{rf{14}}} He was the son of a widow woman from the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, an artisan of bronze. He was filled with wisdom and with ability and with the knowledge to do all the work with the bronze. And he came to King Solomon, and he did all of his work. {{rf{15}}} He cast the two pillars out of bronze; eighteen cubits was the height of the first, and a cord of twelve cubits would encircle the second pillar. {{rf{16}}} He made two capitals to place on the tops of the pillars out of molten bronze; the first capital was five cubits in height, and the second capital was five cubits in height. {{rf{17}}} A network of latticework and wreaths of chainwork with small chains were for the capitals which were on top of the pillars; seven for the first capital and seven for the second capital. {{rf{18}}} He also made the pillars with two rows around on the lattice, each to cover the capitals which were on top, out of the pomegranate-shaped ornaments, and thus he did for the second capital as well. {{rf{19}}} And on the capitals which were on top of the pillars in the porch were works of lilies four cubits high. {{rf{20}}} And capitals were on the two pillars above near the bulging section which was beside the lattice, and two hundred pomegranate-shaped ornaments were in rows all around on the second capital. {{rf{21}}} He set up the pillars for the porch of the main hall; he erected the pillar on the right and called its name Jakin, and he set up the pillar on the left and called its name Boaz. {{rf{22}}} On the top of the pillars was a work of lilies; and so the work of the pillars was finished. {{rf{23}}} He also made the molten sea, ten cubits in diameter, and five cubits was its height. A measuring line of thirty cubits would encircle it all around. {{rf{24}}} Gourds were under its rim surrounding it all around; ten to the cubit, surrounding the sea all around with two rows of gourds, which were cast when he cast the metal. {{rf{25}}} The sea was standing on twelve oxen, with three facing to the north, three facing to the west, three facing to the south, and three facing to the east. The sea was on top of them, with all of their hindquarters turned to the inside. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-07-09]] }}}
 {{rf{26}}} Its thickness was a handbreadth, but its rim was as the work on the brim of a cup, like the bud of a lily; it held two thousand baths. {{rf{27}}} He made the ten stands of bronze; each stand was four cubits long, four cubits wide, and three cubits in height. {{rf{28}}} Now this was the construction of the stands: there were frames for them and frames between the crossbars, {{rf{29}}} and on the frames which were between the crossbars were lions, oxen, and cherubim. On the crossbars both above and beneath the lions and oxen were works of cascading wreaths. {{rf{30}}} There were four bronze wheels for each of the stands, with bronze axles; the four support pedestals for these were under the basin, and the supports were decorated on each side with wreaths. {{rf{31}}} Its opening from the inside of the capital and above was a cubit; its pedestal was a round work of a cubit and a half; moreover, on its opening were the carvings with four-sided frames, not circular. {{rf{32}}} Four of the wheels were underneath the frames, and the axles of the wheels were on the stands. The height of each wheel was a cubit and a half. {{rf{33}}} The construction of the wheel was like the construction of the wheel of the chariot; their axles, their rims, their spokes, and their naves were all cast. {{rf{34}}} The four supports were the four corners of each stand, with the stand supporting it. {{rf{35}}} On top of the stand was half a cubit deep, circular all around, and on the top of the stand were its supports and its frames. {{rf{36}}} He engraved on the plates, on its supports, and on its frame cherubim, lions and images of a palm tree, according to the space for each, with wreaths all around. {{rf{37}}} He made the ten stands like this in one cast, with the same measurement and shape for each of them. {{rf{38}}} He also made ten bronze basins, each holding forty baths; each basin was four cubits, one basin on each of the ten stands. {{rf{39}}} He placed five of the stands on the south side of the house and five on the north side of the house, and the sea he set on the southeast side of the house. {{rf{40}}} Hiram also made the basins and the shovels and the bowls for drinking wine; and so Hiram finished doing all of the work that he was to do for King Solomon in the house of Yahweh: {{rf{41}}} the two pillars and the bowls of the capitals which were atop the two pillars, and the two lattice works to cover the two bowls of the capitals which were atop the pillars; {{rf{42}}} and the four hundred pomegranate-shaped ornaments for the two lattice works, the two rows of pomegranate-shaped ornaments for each latticework to cover the two bowls of the capitals which were on the surface of the pillars; {{rf{43}}} and the ten stands and the ten basins on the stands; {{rf{44}}} and the one sea and the twelve oxen under the sea; {{rf{45}}} and the pots, the shovels, and the bowls for drinking wine. All the vessels of the tent which Hiram had made for King Solomon for the house of Yahweh were polished bronze. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-07-26]] }}}
 {{rf{46}}} The king had cast them in the plain of the Jordan with the casting mold set in the ground between Succoth and Zarethan. {{rf{47}}} Solomon left all of the vessels unweighed because of their very great abundance, so the weight of the bronze could not be determined. {{rf{48}}} Solomon also made all of the vessels which were in the house of Yahweh: the golden altar and the golden table on which was the bread of the presence; {{rf{49}}} as well as the five lampstands of beaten gold at the south and five lampstands at the north before the presence of the inner sanctuary, with the flower-shaped ornaments, the lamps, and the pair of tongs all of gold. {{rf{50}}} The cups, the snuffers, the bowls for drinking wine, the bowls for the incense, and the firepans were made from beaten gold; the facades for the doors of the inner house, for the most holy place, for the doors of the main hall of the temple were of gold. {{rf{51}}} When all of the work which king Solomon did on the house of Yahweh was completed, Solomon brought out the holy objects of his father David, the silver and the gold and the vessels, which he put in the treasury rooms of the house of Yahweh. {{rf big{1}}} At that time, Solomon assembled the elders of Israel, all the heads of the tribes, and the leaders of the families of the Israelites before King Solomon, in order to bring up the ark of the covenant of Yahweh from the city of David, that is, Zion. {{rf{2}}} All the men of Israel assembled before King Solomon at the festival in the month of Ethnaim, that is, the seventh month. {{rf{3}}} All the elders of Israel came, and the priests carried the ark. {{rf{4}}} So they brought up the ark of Yahweh and the tent of assembly and all of the holy vessels that were in the tent; the priests and the Levites brought them up. {{rf{5}}} King Solomon and all the assembly of Israel who were assembling with him in the presence of the ark were sacrificing sheep and oxen that could not be counted nor numbered because of abundance. {{rf{6}}} The priests brought the ark of the covenant of Yahweh to its place in the inner sanctuary of the house, to the most holy place, under the wings of the cherubim, {{rf{7}}} for the cherubim were spreading their wings over the place of the ark. The cherubim overshadowed the ark and its poles from above. {{rf{8}}} The poles were long, and the ends of the poles could be seen from the holy place in front of the inner sanctuary, but they could not be seen from the outside, and they are there until this day. {{rf{9}}} There was not anything in the ark except the two tablets of stone which Moses had placed there at Horeb, where Yahweh made a covenant with the Israelites after they went out from the land of Egypt. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-07-46]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} When the priests went out from the holy place, the cloud filled the house of Yahweh. {{rf{11}}} The priests were not able to stand to minister because of the presence of the cloud, for the glory of Yahweh filled the house of Yahweh. {{rf{12}}} Then Solomon said, "Yahweh has said that he would dwell in the very thick cloud. {{rf{13}}} I have certainly built a lofty house for you, a place for you to live forever." {{rf{14}}} Then the king turned his face around, and he blessed all of the assembly of Israel. (Now all the assembly of Israel was standing). {{rf{15}}} Then he said, "Blessed be Yahweh the God of Israel who has promised with his mouth to David my father and fulfilled by his oath, saying, {{rf{16}}} 'From the day that I brought out my people Israel from Egypt I have not chosen a city from all the tribes of Israel to build a house where my name might be, but I have chosen David to be over my people Israel.' {{rf{17}}} David my father desired to build a house for the name of Yahweh the God of Israel, {{rf{18}}} but Yahweh said to David my father, 'Because you desired to build a house for my name, you did well in that it was within your heart. {{rf{19}}} However, you will not build the house, but your son who has come from your loins, he shall build the house for my name.' {{rf{20}}} Yahweh has carried out his promise which he had made; I have risen in place of David my father, and I sit on the throne of Israel as Yahweh promised, and I have built the house for the name of Yahweh the God of Israel. {{rf{21}}} I have provided a place there for the ark, in which is the covenant which Yahweh made with our ancestors when He brought them out of the land of Egypt." {{rf{22}}} Then Solomon stood before the altar of Yahweh in the presence of all of the assembly of Israel, and he spread out his hands to the heavens, {{rf{23}}} and he said, "O Yahweh, God of Israel, there is no god like you in the heavens above or on the earth beneath, keeping the covenant and the loyal love for your servants who are walking before you with all their heart. {{rf{24}}} You have kept for your servant David my father what you promised to him, and you have spoken with your mouth, and with your hand you have fulfilled it this very day. {{rf{25}}} So then, O Yahweh, God of Israel, keep for your servant David my father what you promised to him, saying, 'For you, no man will be cut off from before me who will be sitting on the throne of Israel, if only your sons keep their ways to walk before me just as you have walked before me.' {{rf{26}}} So then, O God of Israel, please let your word be confirmed which you have promised to your servant David my father. {{rf{27}}} For will God really dwell on the earth? Behold, the heavens and the heaven of heavens could not contain you! How could this house that I have built? {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-08-10]] }}}
 {{rf{28}}} You must regard the prayer of your servant and his plea! O Yahweh my God, listen to the pleading and to the prayer that your servant is praying before you this day, {{rf{29}}} so that your eyes will be open to this house night and day, to the place which you said, 'My name will be there,' to hear the prayer that your servant prays toward this place. {{rf{30}}} You must listen to the plea of your servant and your people Israel which they pray toward this place; and you must hear from the place where you live, from heaven you must hear and you must forgive. {{rf{31}}} If a man sins against his neighbor and he pronounces an oath against him to curse him, and the curse comes before your altar in this house, {{rf{32}}} then you shall hear in heaven and you shall act and you shall judge your servant, to declare the wicked guilty by bringing his way upon his head and to declare the righteous innocent by rewarding him according to his righteousness. {{rf{33}}} When your people Israel are defeated before the enemy because they sinned against you, and when they turn to you and confess your name and pray and beg for mercy from you in this house, {{rf{34}}} then you shall hear in heaven and forgive the sin of your people Israel, and you shall bring them back to the ground which you gave to their ancestors. {{rf{35}}} When you shut up the heavens so there is no rain because they have sinned against you, then they pray to this place and they confess your name and they return from their sin because you punished them, {{rf{36}}} then you shall hear in heaven and forgive the sin of your servants and your people Israel, for you will teach them the good way in which they should go, and you will give rain upon your land which you have given to your people as an inheritance. {{rf{37}}} If there should be in the land famine or disease, if there should be blight or mildew or locust or caterpillars, if it happens that his enemy lays siege against him in the land of his gates, if any plague or any disease, {{rf{38}}} any prayer or any plea which is offered by any person for all of your people Israel, who each knows the infestation of his own heart and spreads out his palms to this house, {{rf{39}}} then you shall hear in heaven the place of your dwelling, and you shall forgive and act and give to the man whose heart you know, according to all his ways, for you alone know the heart of all the sons of man. {{rf{40}}} Do these things so that they may fear you all the days that they live on the face of the land that you gave to our ancestors. {{rf{41}}} Also for the foreigner who is not from your people Israel, and he comes from a distant land because of your name, {{rf{42}}} (for they shall hear of your great name and your powerful hand and your outstretched arm), and he shall come and pray toward this house, {{rf{43}}} you shall hear in heaven, the place of your dwelling, and act according to all that the foreigner calls to you, so that all the peoples of the earth may know your name, to fear you as your people Israel, and to know that your name has been invoked over this house that I have built. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-08-28]] }}}
 {{rf{44}}} If your people go out to battle against his enemy in the way that you shall send them and they pray to Yahweh, toward the city which you have chosen and the house which I have built for your name, {{rf{45}}} then you shall hear in heaven their prayer and their plea, and you shall vindicate them. {{rf{46}}} "If they sin against you (for there is not a person who does not sin) and you are angry with them and you give them to an enemy and they take them captive to the land of the enemy far or near, {{rf{47}}} and then they return their heart in the land where they have been taken captive and they return and plead to you in the land of their captivity, saying, 'We have sinned and we did wrong. We acted wickedly,' {{rf{48}}} if they return to you with all of their heart and with all of their soul in the land of their enemies who took them captive and they pray to you toward their land which you gave to their ancestors, the city that you have chosen and the house that you built for your name, {{rf{49}}} then you shall hear in heaven, the place of your dwelling, their prayer and their plea, and you shall vindicate them. {{rf{50}}} You shall forgive your people who sinned against you, even for all their transgressions which they committed against you. You shall give them compassion before their captors so that they may have compassion on them, {{rf{51}}} for they are your people and your inheritance whom you brought from Egypt from the middle of the smelter of iron. {{rf{52}}} O, that your eyes may be open to the plea of your servant and to the plea of your people Israel, to listen to them in all things when they call to you. {{rf{53}}} For you have separated them for yourself as an inheritance from all the peoples of the earth, as you promised through the hand of Moses your servant when you brought out our ancestors from Egypt, my Lord Yahweh!" {{rf{54}}} It happened that when Solomon finished praying to Yahweh all of the prayer and this plea, he got up from before the altar of Yahweh, from kneeling down on his knees with his palms outstretched to heaven. {{rf{55}}} He stood and blessed all of the assembly of Israel with a loud voice, saying, {{rf{56}}} "Blessed be Yahweh who gave a resting place to his people Israel. According to all that he promised, not one word has fallen from all of his promises concerning the good which he spoke through the hand of Moses his servant. {{rf{57}}} May Yahweh our God be with us as he was with our ancestors, and may he not leave us or abandon us, {{rf{58}}} to incline our hearts toward him, to walk in all his ways and to keep his commandments, his statutes, and his judgments which he commanded our ancestors. {{rf{59}}} Let these my words which I pleaded before Yahweh be near to Yahweh our God, by day and by night, to maintain the justice of his servant and the justice of his people Israel as each day requires {{rf{60}}} so that all of the people of the earth may know that Yahweh, he is God; there is none other. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-08-44]] }}}
 {{rf{61}}} Let your heart be completely with Yahweh our God by walking in his statutes, by keeping his commands as this day." {{rf{62}}} Then the king and all of Israel with him offered a sacrifice in the presence of Yahweh. {{rf{63}}} Solomon sacrificed the fellowship offerings which he offered to Yahweh: twenty-two thousand oxen and one hundred and twenty thousand sheep; and the king and all of the Israelites dedicated the house of Yahweh. {{rf{64}}} On that day the king consecrated the middle of the courtyard before the house of Yahweh because he offered there the burnt offerings, the grain offerings, and the fat of the fellowship offerings because the bronze altar that was in the presence of Yahweh was too small to hold the burnt offerings and the grain offerings and the fat of the fellowship offerings. {{rf{65}}} Solomon held the festival at that time and all of Israel with him, a great assembly from Lebo Hamath up to the wadi of Egypt before Yahweh our God, for seven days and seven days, a total of fourteen days. {{rf{66}}} On the eighth day, he sent the people away, and they blessed the king, and they went to their tents rejoicing and in good spirits because of all the goodness that Yahweh had shown to David his servant and to Israel his people. {{rf big{1}}} It happened that as Solomon finished the building of the house of Yahweh, the king's house, and all the things Solomon desired to do, {{rf{2}}} Yahweh appeared to Solomon a second time, as he had appeared to him in Gibeon. {{rf{3}}} Yahweh said to him, "I have heard your prayer and your plea which you have made before me. I have consecrated this house which you have built, by putting my name there forever. My eyes and my heart will always be there. {{rf{4}}} As for you, if you walk before me as David your father walked, with integrity of heart and with uprightness, to do according to all that I have commanded you, and if you keep my ordinances and my judgments, {{rf{5}}} then I will establish the throne of your kingdom over Israel forever, as I promised David your father, saying, 'A man will not be cut off for you from upon the throne of Israel.' {{rf{6}}} "If ever you or any of your descendants turn from following me and do not keep my commandments and my ordinances that I have set before you and you go and serve other gods and bow down to them, {{rf{7}}} then I will cut Israel off from the face of the land that I have given to them, even the house which I have consecrated for my name I will cast away from my face; and Israel shall become a proverb and an object of taunting among all the peoples. {{rf{8}}} This house shall become a heap of ruins; all those passing by will be appalled by it and hiss, and they will say, 'On what account did Yahweh do this to this land and to this house?' {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-08-61]] }}}
 {{rf{9}}} And they will say, 'Because they have forsaken Yahweh their God who brought their ancestors out from the land of Egypt and they embraced other gods and bowed down to them and served them. Therefore, Yahweh brought on them all of this disaster.'" {{rf{10}}} It happened at the end of twenty years in which Solomon had built the two houses, the house of Yahweh and the house of the king, {{rf{11}}} since Hiram king of Tyre had supplied Solomon with wood of cedar and with wood of cypresses and with the gold according to all his desire, then King Solomon gave twenty cities in the land of the Galilee to Hiram. {{rf{12}}} So Hiram went out from Tyre to see the cities that Solomon had given him, but they were not right in his eyes. {{rf{13}}} So he said, "What are these cities that you have given to me, my brother?" So they are called the land of Cabul until this day. {{rf{14}}} Then Hiram sent to the king a hundred and twenty talents of gold. {{rf{15}}} This is the account of the forced labor that King Solomon conscripted to build the house of Yahweh and his house, the Millo, the walls of Jerusalem, Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer. {{rf{16}}} Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, had gone up and captured Gezer and burnt it with fire. He had also killed the Canaanites who were living in the city and had given it as a dowry to his daughter, the wife of Solomon. {{rf{17}}} Solomon rebuilt Gezer and Lower Beth-Horon, {{rf{18}}} as well as Baalath and Tamar in the wilderness in the land; {{rf{19}}} and he also built all of the storage cities which were Solomon's, the cities for the chariots, the cities for the cavalry, and all of Solomon's desire that he wanted to build in Jerusalem and in Lebanon and in all the land of his dominion. {{rf{20}}} All of the people who were remaining from the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites who were not of the Israelites, {{rf{21}}} their children who remained after them in the land, whom the Israelites were not able to completely destroy, Solomon conscripted them for forced labor, until this very day. {{rf{22}}} But from the Israelites Solomon did not make a slave, but they were the men of war, his officers, his commanders, his captains, and the commanders of his chariots and his cavalry. {{rf{23}}} These were the commanders of the overseers who were over the work for Solomon, five hundred and fifty, ruling over the people doing the work. {{rf{24}}} As soon as the daughter of Pharaoh went up from the city of David to her house which he built for her, then he built the Millo. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-09-09]] }}}
 {{rf{25}}} Solomon sacrificed three times a year: burnt offerings and fellowship offerings on the altar that he had built to Yahweh, and he offered incense with it before Yahweh; and so he completed the house. {{rf{26}}} King Solomon also built a fleet of ships at Ezion-Geber which is near Elath on the shore of the Red Sea in the land of Edom. {{rf{27}}} Hiram sent his servants with the fleet of ships, sailors who knew the sea, with the servants of Solomon. {{rf{28}}} They went to Ophir and imported from there four hundred and twenty talents of gold, and they brought it to King Solomon. 
----
{{rf big{1}}} Now the queen of Sheba had heard of the fame of Solomon regarding the name of Yahweh, and she came to test him with hard questions. {{rf{2}}} So she came to Jerusalem with very great wealth; with camels carrying spices, very much gold, and precious stones. She came to Solomon, and she spoke to him all that was on her heart. {{rf{3}}} Solomon answered all of her questions; there was not a thing hidden from the king which he could not explain to her. {{rf{4}}} When the queen of Sheba observed all the wisdom of Solomon and the house which he had built, {{rf{5}}} the food of his table, the seat of his servants, the manner of his servants and their clothing, his cupbearers, and his burnt offerings which he offered in the house of Yahweh, she was breathless. {{rf{6}}} Then she said to the king, "The report which I heard in my land was true concerning your accomplishments and your wisdom. {{rf{7}}} I had not believed the report to be true until I came and my eyes had seen, and behold! The half had not been told to me. Your wisdom and prosperity surpass the report that I had heard. {{rf{8}}} Happy are your men and happy are these your servants who stand before you continually hearing your wisdom. {{rf{9}}} May Yahweh your God be blessed, who has delighted in you to set you on the throne of Israel, because of the love of Yahweh for Israel forever, and he has made you king to execute justice and righteousness." {{rf{10}}} Then she gave the king a hundred and twenty talents of gold, abundant spices, and precious stones. Spices as these did not come again in such abundance as that which the queen of Sheba brought to King Solomon. {{rf{11}}} Moreover, the fleet of ships of Hiram which carried the gold from Ophir also brought from Ophir abundant amounts of almug wood and precious stones. {{rf{12}}} The king made a raised structure for the house of Yahweh and for the house of the king out of the almug wood, as well as lyres and harps for the singers. This much almug wood has not come nor been seen again up to this day. {{rf{13}}} King Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all of her desire that she asked, besides that which King Solomon freely offered her. Then she turned and went to her land with her servants. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-09-25]] }}}
 {{rf{14}}} The weight of the gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred and sixty-six talents of gold, {{rf{15}}} apart from that of the men of the traders and the profits of the traders, and all the kings of the Arabs and the governors of the land. {{rf{16}}} King Solomon made two hundred shields of hammered gold; six hundred measures of gold went up over each shield. {{rf{17}}} Also he made three hundred small shields of hammered gold; three minas of gold went up over each of the small shields; and the king put them into the House of the Forest of Lebanon. {{rf{18}}} The king also made a large ivory throne, and he overlaid it with fine gold. {{rf{19}}} Six steps led up to the throne, and there was a circular top to the throne behind it, and armrests were on each side of the seat, with two lions standing beside the armrests. {{rf{20}}} Twelve lions were standing there, six on each of the six steps on either side; nothing like this was made for any of the kingdoms. {{rf{21}}} All of the drinking vessels of King Solomon were gold, and all the vessels for the House of the Forest of Lebanon were pure gold. There was no silver; it was not considered as something valuable in the days of Solomon. {{rf{22}}} For the fleet of Tarshish belonged to the king and was on the sea with the fleet of Hiram; once every three years the fleet of Tarshish used to come carrying gold and silver, ivory, apes, and baboons. {{rf{23}}} King Solomon was greater than all the kings of the earth with respect to wealth and wisdom. {{rf{24}}} All of the earth was seeking the presence of Solomon, to hear his wisdom which God had put in his heart. {{rf{25}}} They were each bringing his gift; objects of silver and objects of gold, clothing, weapons, spices, horses, and mules. This used to happen year after year. {{rf{26}}} Solomon gathered chariots and horses; he had fourteen hundred chariots and twelve thousand horses. He stationed them in the cities of the chariots and with the king in Jerusalem. {{rf{27}}} The king made the silver in Jerusalem as the stones, and the cedars he made as the sycamore fig trees which are in the Shephelah in abundance. {{rf{28}}} The import of the horses which were Solomon's was from Egypt and from Kue; the traders of the king received horses from Kue at a price. {{rf{29}}} A chariot went up and went out from Egypt at six hundred silver shekels and a horse at a hundred and fifty. So it was for all the kings of the Hittites and for the kings of Aram; by their hand they were exported. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-10-14]] }}}
King Solomon loved many foreign women: the daughter of Pharaoh, Moabite, Ammonite, Edomite, Sidonian, Hittite; {{rf{2}}} from the nations which Yahweh had said to the Israelites, "You shall not marry them, and they shall not marry you. They will certainly turn your heart after other gods." But Solomon clung to them to love. {{rf{3}}} He had seven hundred princesses and three hundred concubines, and his wives turned his heart. {{rf{4}}} It happened at the time of Solomon's old age that his wives guided his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully with Yahweh his God as the heart of David his father had been. {{rf{5}}} Solomon went after Ashtoreth the god of the Sidonians and after Molech the abhorrence of the Ammonites. {{rf{6}}} So Solomon did evil in the eyes of Yahweh and did not fully follow after Yahweh as David his father. {{rf{7}}} At that time, Solomon built a high place for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, on the mountain which faces Jerusalem and for Molech, the abomination of the Ammonites. {{rf{8}}} Thus he did for all of his foreign wives, offering incense and sacrificing to their gods. {{rf{9}}} Yahweh was angry with Solomon, for he had turned his heart from Yahweh, the God of Israel who had appeared to him twice. {{rf{10}}} And he had commanded him concerning this matter not to go after other gods, but he did not keep that which Yahweh commanded. {{rf{11}}} So Yahweh said to Solomon, "Because this was with you, and you did not keep my covenant and my ordinances which I have commanded you, I will certainly tear the kingdom from you, and I will give it to your servant. {{rf{12}}} However, I will not do it in your days, for the sake of David your father; from the hand of your son I will tear it away. {{rf{13}}} Yet all of the kingdom I will not tear away. I will give one tribe to your son for the sake of my servant David and for the sake of Jerusalem which I have chosen." {{rf{14}}} Then Yahweh raised an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the Edomite, from the descendants of that king in Edom. {{rf{15}}} It had happened that when David was at Edom, Joab the commander of the army went up to bury the slain, and he killed every male in Edom. {{rf{16}}} For Joab and all Israel had stayed there six months until he exterminated every male in Edom. {{rf{17}}} But Hadad himself had fled, and some Edomite men from the servants of his father with him, to go to Egypt, when Hadad was a young boy. {{rf{18}}} They had set out from Midian until they came to Paran where they took men from Paran with them and came to Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt. He gave to him a house and assigned food for him and gave him land. {{rf{19}}} Hadad found great favor in the eyes of Pharaoh, and he gave him the sister of his wife, the sister of Tahpenes the queen, as wife. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-11-01]] }}}
 {{rf{20}}} The sister of Tahpenes bore Genubath his son for him, and Tahpenes weaned him in the middle of the house of Pharaoh. Genubath was in the house of Pharaoh in the midst of the children of Pharaoh. {{rf{21}}} Now Hadad heard in Egypt that David had slept with his ancestors and that Joab the commander of the army was dead. Then Hadad said to Pharaoh, "Send me away that I may go to my land." {{rf{22}}} Pharaoh said to him, "What do you lack with me that you now are seeking to go to your land?" He said, "No, but you must surely send me away." {{rf{23}}} God had also raised Rezon the son of Eliada as an adversary against him, who had fled from Hadadezer the king of Zobah, his master. {{rf{24}}} He gathered men around him and he became the commander of bandits. When David killed some of them, they went to Damascus and settled there, and they reigned in Damascus. {{rf{25}}} He was an adversary for Israel all the days of Solomon, and along with the evil that Hadad did, he detested Israel while he reigned over Aram. {{rf{26}}} Now Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephraimite from Zeredah (now the name of his mother was Zeruah, a widow woman), a servant of Solomon rebelled against the king. {{rf{27}}} This is the reason that he rebelled against the king: when Solomon built the Millo, he closed the gap of the city of David his father. {{rf{28}}} Now the man Jeroboam was a man of ability, and Solomon saw that the young man was a diligent worker, so he appointed him over all of the forced labor for the house of Joseph. {{rf{29}}} It happened at that time that Jeroboam went out from Jerusalem, and he accidentally met Ahijah the Shilonite the prophet on the way. Now he had clothed himself with new clothing. While the two of them were alone in the field, {{rf{30}}} Ahijah took hold of the new cloak which was on him and tore it into twelve pieces. {{rf{31}}} Then he said to Jeroboam, "Take for yourself ten pieces, for thus says Yahweh, the God of Israel: 'Behold, I am about to tear the kingdom from the hand of Solomon, and I will give to you ten tribes, {{rf{32}}} but one tribe shall be for him, for the sake of my servant David and for the sake of Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen from all the tribes of Israel; {{rf{33}}} because he has forsaken me, and they bowed down to Ashtoreth, the god of the Sidonians, to Chemosh, the god of Moab, and to Molech, the god of the Ammonites. They did not walk in my ways to do right in my eyes, my ordinances, or my judgments, as did David his father. {{rf{34}}} But I will not take all of the kingdom from his hand, but I will make him a leader all the days of his life for the sake of David my servant whom I chose, who kept my commandments and my ordinances. {{rf{35}}} But I will take the kingship from the hand of his son, and I will give ten tribes to you. {{rf{36}}} To his son I will give one tribe in order to be a lamp for my servant David, always before my face, in Jerusalem the city in which I have chosen to place my name. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-11-20]] }}}
 {{rf{37}}} You I will take, and you shall reign over all your soul desires, and you shall be king over Israel. {{rf{38}}} It shall be that if you listen to all that I command you and you walk in my ways and you do right in my eyes by keeping my statutes and my commandments, as David my servant did, then I will be with you, and I will build an enduring house for you as I built for David, and I will give Israel to you. {{rf{39}}} I will punish the offspring of David on account of this; however, not always.'" {{rf{40}}} Then Solomon sought to kill Jeroboam, but Jeroboam got up and fled to Egypt, to Shishak the king of Egypt, and he remained in Egypt until the death of Solomon. {{rf{41}}} Now the rest of the acts of Solomon and all that he did and his wisdom; are they not written on the scroll of the acts of Solomon? {{rf{42}}} All the days that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all of Israel were forty years. {{rf{43}}} Then Solomon slept with his ancestors, and they buried him in the city of David his father, and Rehoboam his son became king in his place. {{rf big{1}}} Then Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all of Israel had come to Shechem to make him king. {{rf{2}}} It happened that Jeroboam the son of Nebat heard of it while he was still in Egypt where he had fled from the face of King Solomon, and Jeroboam had lived in Egypt. {{rf{3}}} So they sent and summoned him, and Jeroboam and all the assembly of Israel came. Then they spoke to Rehoboam, saying, {{rf{4}}} "Your father made our yoke heavy; now lighten the hard labor of your father and the heavy yoke which he placed on us, and we will serve you." {{rf{5}}} He said, "Go up for three days and then return to me"; so the people went away. {{rf{6}}} Then King Rehoboam consulted with the old men who had been serving before Solomon his father when he was alive, saying, "How are you advising me to answer this people?" {{rf{7}}} They said to him, "If you will be a servant today to this people, then you will serve them; and if you answer them and speak good words to them, they will always be your servants." {{rf{8}}} But he rejected the advice of the old men, which they gave him, and he consulted with the youngsters who had grown up with him, who were serving before him. {{rf{9}}} He said to them, "What are you advising that we should reply to this people who spoke to me by saying, 'Lighten the yoke your father put on us.'" {{rf{10}}} Then the youngsters who had grown up with him spoke to him, saying, "Thus you shall say to this people who spoke to you: 'Your father made our yoke heavy, but you lighten it for us,' you shall say to them, 'My little finger is thicker than my father's loins. {{rf{11}}} So then, my father loaded a heavy yoke on all of you, but I will add to your yoke; my father disciplined you with whips, but I will discipline you with scorpions!'" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-11-37]] }}}
<<Bbl 1K 12:27 abbr >>	The fabric (<<Bbl 1K 11:31 >>) is fraying.
<<Bbl 1K 12:32 abbr >>	A counterfeit feast of [[Succoth]].

<<Bbl 1K 13:9 abbr >>	the injunction not to eat protects the man from any charge of profiteering.  See <<Bbl Amos 1: >> for a parallel 200 years later.
<<Bbl 1K 13:11 abbr >>	the old man subjects the younger to a test. The death of the younger is a vindication of the genuineness of his ministry.

16:1    This is the crucial text for dating the Exodus at 1445 BC.

<<Bbl 1K 17:10 abbr>>
{{holyquote{
So he arose and went to Zarephath; and when he came to the gate of the city, behold, a widow was there gathering sticks: and he called to her, and said, 'Please get me a little water in a vessel, that I may drink.'  As she was going to get it, he called to her, and said, 'Please bring me a morsel of bread in your hand.'  She said, 'As Yahweh your God lives, I don't have a cake, but a handful of meal in the jar, and a little oil in the jar. Behold, I am gathering two sticks, that I may go in and bake it for me and my son, that we may eat it, and die.'
}}}

18  This chapter preaches of the incapacity of mere religion to show power.  In the soaking of the sacrifice I see my own journey through darkness, prior to recieving the fire of God.
<<Bbl 1K 18:32 abbr >>-38	"Dale cited several of the Greek fathers, Origen, Basil Magnus, Gregory of Nazianzus, and the Latin father, Ambrose, who commented on this passage. In each case, they spoke of Elijah baptizing (Gr. baptizō, Lt. baptizo) the altar and sacrifices with water (even though the water was applied by pouring).  God responds by consuming the whole of it with fire, but only by the prayer of Elijah and not by the prayers of the prophets of Baal. Origen connects this episode with the words of John the Baptist in Luke 3:16, arguing that Elijah was a type of Christ who baptized with the Holy Spirit and with fire. His interpretation reminds us of John 1:25: “They asked him, saying, "Why then do you baptize if you are not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?” John the Baptist answered by saying that One was coming who was greater than he, who would baptize with the Holy Spirit for He is the Son of God. 

<<Bbl 1K 19:3 abbr >>	Leaves [[Serve]]  Vss 5-7, 21.
<<Bbl 1K 19:18 abbr>>    Imagine the French underground resistance in WWII.
19:19-21    Elijah had a distinctive appearance; in <<Bbl 2K 1:8 >> King Ahaziah identifies Elijah when his messengers describe the man with the hairy garment (whether all prophets had the garment or Elisha knew of Elijah's personal apparel is not clear).  Thus Elisha knew what had happened when the cloak fell upon him.
19:19   The idea apparently is that twelve teams, each followed by a plowman, were at work; the pair  of vs. 21 reinforces this.  In any case, Elisha is indicated by the oxen as a wealthy man, which brings to mind the rich young ruler.
19:20   Elijah's reply to the younger states, "I have put no claim on you yet".  This same self-divestment is found at the end of their relationship, <<Bbl 2K 2:2 >>-6 .   How much more should we cling to the One who said with directness, "Follow Me!"
19:21   Elisha "put his hand to the plow," and he never looked back.  He not only destroyed the remnant of his old life, but positively he made it a sacrifice.  He left no provision for the flesh, but displayed the new creation in which "old things are passed away."  No Peter he, to return to fishing! 
 
<<Bbl 1K 21:19 abbr >>	<<Bbl 2K 9:21-26 >>

<<Bbl 1K 22:6 abbr >>-8	The court prophets speak in the name of //Adonai//.  Jehoshaphat, and Ahab in response, use Yahweh.  
<<Bbl 1K 22:16 abbr >>	mysterious
 {{rf{12}}} Jeroboam and all of the people came to Rehoboam on the third day, as the king had spoken: "Return to me on the third day." {{rf{13}}} Then the king answered all the people harshly, as he had rejected the advice of the old men that they had offered. {{rf{14}}} He spoke to them according to the advice of the youngsters, saying, "My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add onto your yoke; my father disciplined you with whips, but I will discipline you with scorpions." {{rf{15}}} So the king did not listen to the people, for it was a turning of events from Yahweh in order to fulfill his word which Yahweh had spoken through the hand of Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of Nebat. {{rf{16}}} When all of Israel saw that the king would not listen to them, the people answered the king, saying, "What share do we have in David? There is no inheritance in the son of Jesse. To your tents, Israel! Now look to your house, David!" Then Israel went to their tents. {{rf{17}}} The Israelites were living in the cities of Judah, and Rehoboam was reigning over them. {{rf{18}}} King Rehoboam sent Adoram who was over the forced labor, and all of Israel cast stones at him and he died, but King Rehoboam managed to get up on the chariot to flee to Jerusalem. {{rf{19}}} So Israel rebelled against the house of David until this day. {{rf{20}}} It happened that just when all of Israel heard that Jeroboam had returned, they sent and called him to the assembly and made him king over all of Israel. Not one followed after the house of David except the tribe of Judah alone. {{rf{21}}} When Rehoboam came to Jerusalem, he assembled all of the house of Judah and the tribe of Benjamin, a hundred and eighty thousand choice troops to fight with the house of Israel, to restore the kingship to Rehoboam the son of Solomon. {{rf{22}}} Then the word of God came to Shemaiah the man of God, saying, {{rf{23}}} "Say to Rehoboam the son of Solomon the king of Judah and to all the house of Judah and Benjamin and the remainder of the people, saying, {{rf{24}}} 'Thus says Yahweh: "You shall not go up and you shall not fight with your brothers the Israelites. Return each of you to his house, for this thing was from me." '" So they heeded the word of Yahweh, and they returned to go home according to the word of Yahweh. {{rf{25}}} Then Jeroboam built Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim, and he resided in it. Then he went out from there and built Penuel. {{rf{26}}} Then Jeroboam said to himself, "Now the kingdom will return to the house of David {{rf{27}}} if this people go up to offer sacrifices in the house of Yahweh in Jerusalem. The heart of this people will return to their master Rehoboam the king of Judah, and they shall kill me and return to him." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-12-12]] }}}
 {{rf{28}}} And the king had decided, so he made two golden calves and he said to them, "You have been going up to Jerusalem long enough; here are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up from the land of Egypt." {{rf{29}}} He put one in Bethel, and the other he put in Dan. {{rf{30}}} This thing became a sin, and the people walked before the one as far as Dan. {{rf{31}}} Then he built the houses on the high places, and he appointed priests from all walks of life who were not from the sons of Levi. {{rf{32}}} Jeroboam also inaugurated a religious feast in the eighth month on the fifteenth day of the month, like the religious feast which was in Judah, and he offered sacrifices on the altar. Thus he did in Bethel, by sacrificing to the calves that he had made; and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places which he had made. {{rf{33}}} He offered sacrifices on the altar which he had made in Bethel on the fifteenth day of the eighth month which his heart had devised. He inaugurated a religious feast for the Israelites, and he went up to the altar to offer incense. {{rf big{1}}} Suddenly a man of God from Judah came to Bethel, by the word of Yahweh, while Jeroboam was standing at the altar to offer incense. {{rf{2}}} Then he proclaimed against the altar by the word of Yahweh and said, "O altar, altar, thus says Yahweh: 'Look, a son will be born to the house of David, Josiah by name, and he shall sacrifice on you the priests of the high places who burn incense on you, and human bones shall burn on you.'" {{rf{3}}} He gave a sign on that day, saying, "This is the sign that Yahweh has predetermined: Look, this altar will be torn apart, and the ashes that are on it will be poured out." {{rf{4}}} It happened at the moment the king heard the word of the man of God that he cried out against the altar in Bethel, Jeroboam stretched out his hand from the altar, saying, "Seize him!" But his hand which he stretched out to him was paralyzed, and he was not able to draw it back to himself. {{rf{5}}} Then the altar was torn apart and the ashes from the altar poured out according to the sign which the man of God had announced by the word of Yahweh. {{rf{6}}} Then the king responded and said to the man of God, "Please entreat the favor of Yahweh your God, and pray for me that my hand may return to me." So the man of God entreated the face of Yahweh, and the hand of the king returned to him, as it was in the beginning. {{rf{7}}} Then the king spoke to the man of God, "Come with me to the house and refresh yourself, that I may give you a gift." {{rf{8}}} Then the man of God said to the king, "Even if you give to me half of your house I will not come with you, nor will I eat bread or drink water in this place, {{rf{9}}} for the word of Yahweh has commanded me, saying, 'You shall not eat bread nor drink water, and you shall not return on the way that you came.'" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-12-28]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} So he went another way, and he did not return by the way on which he had come to Bethel. {{rf{11}}} Now a certain older prophet was living in Bethel, and his son came and recounted to him all of the things that the man of God had done that day in Bethel and the words he had spoken to the king, and they told them to their father. {{rf{12}}} Then their father asked them, "Which way did he go?" His sons had seen the way which the man of God who had come from Judah had taken. {{rf{13}}} Then he said to his sons, "Saddle the donkey for me." So they saddled the donkey for him, and he mounted it {{rf{14}}} and went after the man of God. He found him sitting under the oak and said to him, "Are you the man of God who came from Judah?" He said, "I am." {{rf{15}}} Then he said to him, "Come with me to the house and eat some food." {{rf{16}}} Then he said, "I am not able to return with you or to go with you. I will not eat food nor will I drink water with you in this place. {{rf{17}}} For a word came to me by the word of Yahweh, 'You shall not eat food, nor shall you drink water there. You shall not return to go by the way that you came.'" {{rf{18}}} Then he said, "I am also a prophet like you. An angel spoke to me by the word of Yahweh, saying, 'Let him return with you to your house that he may eat food and drink water.'" He lied to him. {{rf{19}}} So he returned with him and ate food in his house and drank water. {{rf{20}}} Now it happened that they were sitting at the table, and the word of Yahweh came to the prophet who brought him back. {{rf{21}}} He proclaimed to the man of God who came from Judah, saying, "Thus says Yahweh: 'Because you have disobeyed the word of Yahweh and have not kept the command which Yahweh your God commanded you, {{rf{22}}} but you have returned and have eaten food and drank water in the place which he ordered you not to eat food nor to drink water, then your dead body shall not return to the tomb of your ancestors.'" {{rf{23}}} It happened after he ate food and drank water that he saddled the donkey for the prophet whom he had brought back. {{rf{24}}} When he left, a lion found him on the road and killed him, and his dead body was thrown on the road with the donkey standing beside it, and the lion was standing by the dead body. {{rf{25}}} As men were passing by and they saw the dead body thrown in the road and the lion standing beside the dead body, they came and told it in the city where the old prophet was living. {{rf{26}}} When the prophet who had brought him back from the way heard, he said, "It is the man of God who disobeyed the mouth of Yahweh, and Yahweh has given him to the lion. He tore him in pieces and killed him according to the word of Yahweh which he had spoken to him." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-13-10]] }}}
 {{rf{27}}} Then he spoke to his sons, saying, "Saddle the donkey for me." So they saddled it. {{rf{28}}} He went and found his dead body thrown in the road and a donkey with the lion standing beside it, but the lion had not eaten the corpse nor attacked the donkey. {{rf{29}}} So the prophet lifted up the corpse of the man of God and put it on the donkey and brought it back. He came to the city of the old prophet to mourn him and to bury him. {{rf{30}}} He put his corpse in his tomb, and they mourned over him, "Alas, my brother!" {{rf{31}}} It happened after he buried him that he said to his sons, "When I die, you shall bury me in the tomb where the man of God is buried; you shall lay my bones beside his bones. {{rf{32}}} For surely, the thing which he proclaimed by the word of Yahweh against the altar which is in Bethel will happen, as it will against all the houses of the high places which are in the cities of Samaria." {{rf{33}}} After this event, Jeroboam did not turn from his evil way, but he returned and again made priests for the high places of people from all walks of life. He filled his hand with all his desire and became one of the priests of the high places himself. {{rf{34}}} This matter became sin in the house of Jeroboam, to make it disappear and to destroy it from the surface of the earth. {{rf big{1}}} At that time, Abijah son of Jeroboam became ill. {{rf{2}}} Jeroboam said to his wife, "Please get up and disguise yourself so that they will not know that you are the wife of Jeroboam, and go to Shiloh. Look, Ahijah the prophet is there, and he spoke concerning me before I became king over this people. {{rf{3}}} You must take ten loaves of bread in your hand and cakes and a jar of honey, and you must go to him. He shall tell you what will happen to the boy." {{rf{4}}} The wife of Jeroboam did so. She got up, went to Shiloh, and came to the house of Ahijah. Now Ahijah was not able to see, for his eyes were fixed because of his old age. {{rf{5}}} Then Yahweh said to Ahijah, "Look, the wife of Jeroboam is coming to seek a word from you about her son, for he is ill. Thus and so you shall say to her. When she comes, she will be disguising herself." {{rf{6}}} It happened at the moment Ahijah heard the sound of her footsteps coming through the doorway, he said, "Come in, wife of Jeroboam. Why are you making yourself unrecognizable? I have been sent a hard message for you: {{rf{7}}} Go, tell Jeroboam, 'Thus says Yahweh the God of Israel: "Because I raised you from the midst of the people and I made you leader over my people Israel, {{rf{8}}} I tore the kingdom from the house of David and I gave it to you. But you were not like my servant David who kept my commandments, and who went after me with all his heart, to do only what is right in my eyes. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-13-27]] }}}
 {{rf{9}}} But you did more evil than all who were before you. You have gone and made for yourself other gods and molten idols to provoke me, but me you have completely disregarded. {{rf{10}}} Therefore, look, I am about to bring disaster upon the house of Jeroboam, and I will cut off males from Jeroboam, bond or free, in Israel. I will burn after the house of Jeroboam as one burns after the manure, until it is finished. {{rf{11}}} He who dies for Jeroboam in the city, the dogs will eat. He who dies in the open field, the birds from the heavens will eat, for Yahweh has spoken it." ' {{rf{12}}} As for you, get up. Go to your house. When your feet enter the city, the child will die. {{rf{13}}} All of Israel will mourn for him, and they will bury him. This one alone will come to a tomb for Jeroboam, because a good thing has been found in him by Yahweh the God of Israel in the house of Israel. {{rf{14}}} Yahweh will raise up a king for himself over Israel who will even now cut off the house of Jeroboam this day. {{rf{15}}} Yahweh will strike Israel as one shakes the reed plant in the water, and he will root Israel up from this good land that he gave to their ancestors. He will scatter them beyond the River because they have made their sacred poles which are provoking Yahweh. {{rf{16}}} He will give up Israel because of the sin of Jeroboam which he sinned and which he caused Israel to sin." {{rf{17}}} Then the wife of Jeroboam got up, went, and came to Tirzah. As she was coming to the threshold of the house, the boy died. {{rf{18}}} They buried him and all of Israel mourned for him, according to the word of Yahweh which he had spoken by the hand of his servant Ahijah the prophet. {{rf{19}}} The remainder of the acts of Jeroboam, how he fought and how he reigned, behold, they are written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel. {{rf{20}}} The days which Jeroboam reigned were twenty-two years, and he slept with his ancestors. Then Nadab his son became king in place of him. {{rf{21}}} Now Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. He was forty-one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which, from all of the tribes of Israel, Yahweh chose to place his name. And the name of his mother was Naamah the Ammonitess. {{rf{22}}} But Judah did evil in the eyes of Yahweh, and they annoyed him more than their fathers did with their sins that they had committed. {{rf{23}}} They also built for themselves high places and stone pillars and sacred poles on every high hill and under every green tree. {{rf{24}}} There were also male shrine prostitutes in the land, and they did according to all the abominations of the nations which Yahweh had driven out from before the Israelites. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-14-09]] }}}
 {{rf{25}}} It happened in the fifth year of King Rehoboam that Shishak the king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, {{rf{26}}} and he took the treasures of the house of Yahweh, and he took all the treasures of the king's house. He took the small gold shields that Solomon had made, {{rf{27}}} so King Rehoboam made small copper shields in place of them and entrusted them to the commanders of the royal guard who keep the doorway of the king's house. {{rf{28}}} Whenever the king came to the house of Yahweh, the royal guard carried them and brought them back to the alcove room of the royal guard. {{rf{29}}} The remainder of the acts of Rehoboam and all that he did, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? {{rf{30}}} There was always war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam. {{rf{31}}} Then Rehoboam slept with his ancestors, and he was buried with his ancestors in the city of David. The name of his mother was Naamah the Ammonitess. Abijam his son became king in his place. {{rf big{1}}} In the eighteenth year of King Jeroboam the son of Nebat, Abijam began to reign over Judah. {{rf{2}}} Three years he reigned in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Maacah the daughter of Abishalom. {{rf{3}}} He walked in all the sins of his father that he had done before him, and his heart was not fully with Yahweh his God as the heart of David his father. {{rf{4}}} For the sake of David, Yahweh his God gave him a lamp in Jerusalem, by establishing his son after him and by causing Jerusalem to exist; {{rf{5}}} because David did right in the eyes of Yahweh and he didn't turn aside from all that he commanded him all the days of his life, except in the matter of Uriah the Hittite. {{rf{6}}} There was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days of his life. {{rf{7}}} The remainder of the acts of Abijam and all that he did, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? There was also war between Abijam and Jeroboam. {{rf{8}}} Abijam slept with his ancestors, and they buried him in the city of David, and Asa his son became king in his place. {{rf{9}}} In the twentieth year of Jeroboam the king of Israel, Asa became the king of Judah. {{rf{10}}} He reigned forty-one years in Jerusalem, and the name of his mother was Maacah the daughter of Abishalom. {{rf{11}}} Asa did right in the eyes of Yahweh, like David his ancestor. {{rf{12}}} He put away the male shrine prostitutes from the land, and he removed all of the idols that his ancestors made. {{rf{13}}} Also, he had Maacah his mother removed from the office of queen mother, as she had made a repulsive image for the Asherah. Asa also cut down her repulsive image and burned it in the Wadi Kidron. {{rf{14}}} But the high places he did not remove. Nevertheless, the heart of Asa was completely with Yahweh all of his days. {{rf{15}}} He brought the holy objects of his father and his own holy objects to the house of Yahweh, silver and gold and utensils. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-14-25]] }}}
 {{rf{16}}} There was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all of their days. {{rf{17}}} Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah, and he built Ramah to hinder the coming and going of anyone to Asa king of Judah. {{rf{18}}} Asa took all of the silver and gold remaining in the storerooms of the house of Yahweh and in the treasury rooms of the house of the king, and he gave them into the hand of his servants; so King Asa sent them to Ben-Hadad the son of Tabrimmon the son of Hezion, the king of Aram, who lived in Damascus, saying, {{rf{19}}} "Let there be a covenant between me and you, between my father and your father. Look, I have sent you a gift of silver and gold. Go, break your covenant with Baasha king of Israel that he may go up away from me." {{rf{20}}} Ben-Hadad listened to King Asa, and he sent the commanders of his armies against the cities of Israel and he attacked Ijon, Dan, Abel-Beth-Maacah, and all of Kinnereth, in addition to all the land of Naphtali. {{rf{21}}} When Baasha heard, he stopped building Ramah, and he lived in Tirzah. {{rf{22}}} Then King Asa proclaimed among all of Israel that there was no one free from obligation, so they carried the stones of Ramah and its wood with which Baasha had built, and King Asa rebuilt Geba in Benjamin with them, and the Mizpah. {{rf{23}}} The remainder of the acts of Asa, all of his achievements, all that he did, and the cities which he built, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? But at the time of his old age, he developed a foot disease. {{rf{24}}} Asa slept with his ancestors and was buried with his ancestors in the city of David his ancestor; Jehoshaphat his son became king in his place. {{rf{25}}} Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and he reigned over Israel two years. {{rf{26}}} He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh, and he walked in the way of his father and in his sin that he caused Israel to commit. {{rf{27}}} Baasha son of Ahijah of the house of Issachar conspired against him, and Baasha struck him down at Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines. Now Nadab and all of Israel were laying siege to Gibbethon, {{rf{28}}} and Baasha killed him in the third year of Asa the king of Judah, and he reigned in his place. {{rf{29}}} It happened that as soon as he became king, he killed all of the house of Jeroboam. There was no one left of Jeroboam who breathed, until he had destroyed him according to the word of Yahweh that he had spoken by the hand of his servant, Ahijah the Shilonite, {{rf{30}}} because of the sins of Jeroboam that he had committed and that he had caused Israel to commit and because of his anger with which he had provoked Yahweh the God of Israel. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-15-16]] }}}
 {{rf{31}}} Now the remainder of the acts of Nadab and all that he did, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel? {{rf{32}}} There was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days. {{rf{33}}} In the third year of Asa king of Judah, Baasha son of Ahijah had become king over all of Israel; he lived in Tirzah twenty-four years. {{rf{34}}} He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh, and he walked in the way of Jeroboam and in his sin that he caused Israel to commit. {{rf big{1}}} The word of Yahweh came to Jehu the son of Hanani against Baasha, saying, {{rf{2}}} "Because I exalted you from the dust and I made you a leader over my people Israel, but you have walked in the way of Jeroboam and you caused my people Israel to sin, to provoke me with their sins, {{rf{3}}} I am now about to consume Baasha and his house. I will make your house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat. {{rf{4}}} Those who die for Baasha in the city, the dogs will eat; those who die for him in the field, the birds of the heavens will eat." {{rf{5}}} The remainder of the acts of Baasha, what he did, and his powerful deeds, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel? {{rf{6}}} Baasha slept with his ancestors and was buried in Tirzah, and Elah his son became king in his place. {{rf{7}}} Moreover, the word of Yahweh came to Baasha and to his house by the hand of Jehu the son of Hanani the prophet, because of all the evil that he did in the eyes of Yahweh by provoking him with the work of his hands, by being like the house of Jeroboam; and he destroyed him. {{rf{8}}} In the twenty-sixth year of Asa king of Judah, Elah the son of Baasha became king over Israel for two years. {{rf{9}}} His servant Zimri the commander of half of the chariots conspired against him. Now he had been in Tirzah drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza who was over the palace in Tirzah. {{rf{10}}} Zimri came and struck him down and killed him in the twenty-seventh year of Asa king of Judah and became king in his place. {{rf{11}}} It happened that as soon as he became king, at the moment he sat on his throne, he killed all of the house of Baasha. He left no males among his kindred or any of his friends. {{rf{12}}} So Zimri destroyed all of the house of Baasha according to the word of Yahweh which he spoke against Baasha by the hand of Jehu the prophet {{rf{13}}} because of all the sins of Baasha and the sins of Elah his son which they committed and which they caused Israel to sin by provoking Yahweh the God of Israel with their idols. {{rf{14}}} The remainder of the acts of Elah and all that he did, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel? {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-15-31]] }}}
 {{rf{15}}} In the twenty-seventh year of Asa king of Judah, Zimri reigned seven days in Tirzah. Now the army was encamping against Gibbethon which belonged to the Philistines. {{rf{16}}} The encamping army heard that Zimri had conspired and moreover had killed the king, so they made Omri the commander of the army of Israel king over all Israel in the camp on that day. {{rf{17}}} Then Omri went up and all Israel with him from Gibbethon, and they besieged Tirzah. {{rf{18}}} It happened that when Zimri saw that the city was taken, he went to the citadel fortress of the house of the king, and he burnt the house of the king over him with fire so that he died. {{rf{19}}} This happened because of his sin which he committed by doing evil in the eyes of Yahweh, by going the way of Jeroboam and in his sin which he did by causing Israel to sin. {{rf{20}}} The remainder of the acts of Zimri and his conspiracy which he made, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel? {{rf{21}}} At that time, the people of Israel were divided into two parts: half of the people went after Tibni the son of Ginath to make him king, and the other half went after Omri. {{rf{22}}} The people who went after Omri overcame the people who went after Tibni the son of Ginath, so that he died and Omri became king. {{rf{23}}} In the thirty-first year of Asa king of Judah, Omri became king over Israel for twelve years. He reigned in Tirzah six years, {{rf{24}}} then bought the hill of Samaria from Shemer for two talents of silver, fortified the hill, and called the name of the city Samaria that he built after Shemer, the owner of the hill. {{rf{25}}} But Omri did evil in the eyes of Yahweh more than all who were before him. {{rf{26}}} He went in all the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat and in his sins that he caused Israel to sin by provoking Yahweh the God of Israel with their idols. {{rf{27}}} The remainder of the acts of Omri that he did and his powerful deeds, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel? {{rf{28}}} Omri slept with his ancestors, and he was buried in Samaria, and Ahab his son became king in his place. {{rf{29}}} Now Ahab son of Omri became king over Israel in the thirty-eighth year of Asa king of Judah. Ahab son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty-two years. {{rf{30}}} But Ahab son of Omri did evil in the eyes of Yahweh more than all who were before him. {{rf{31}}} If it wasn't enough that he went after the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, he also took as wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal the king of the Sidonians. He went and served Baal and bowed down to him. {{rf{32}}} And he built an altar to Baal in the house of Baal which he had built in Samaria. {{rf{33}}} Ahab also made the sacred pole, and he continued to provoke Yahweh the God of Israel more than all the kings of Israel who were before him. {{rf{34}}} In his days, Hiel the Bethelite rebuilt Jericho; at the cost of Abiram his firstborn he laid its foundation, and at the cost of Segub his younger sibling, he set up its gates, according to the word of Yahweh which he spoke by the hand of Joshua the son of Nun. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-16-15]] }}}
Elijah the Tishbite from Tishbe of Gilead said to Ahab, "As Yahweh lives, the God of Israel before whom I stand, there shall surely not be dew nor rain these years except by my command." {{rf{2}}} Then the word of Yahweh came to him, saying, {{rf{3}}} "Go from this place and turn to the east; you must hide yourself in the Wadi Kerith which faces the Jordan. {{rf{4}}} It shall be that you shall drink from the wadi, and I have commanded the crows to sustain you there." {{rf{5}}} So he went and did according to the word of Yahweh. He went and stayed in the Wadi Kerith which faces the Jordan. {{rf{6}}} The crows were bringing bread and meat in the morning for him and bread and meat in the evening, and he drank from the wadi. {{rf{7}}} It happened after a while that the wadi dried up, because there was no rain in the land. {{rf{8}}} Then the word of Yahweh came to him, saying, {{rf{9}}} "Get up and go to Zarephath which belongs to Sidon and stay there. Look, I have commanded a woman there, a widow, to sustain you." {{rf{10}}} So he arose and went to Zarephath and came to the gate of the city. There was a widow woman gathering wood, so he called to her, and he said, "Please bring a little water for me in a vessel so that I can drink." {{rf{11}}} She went to fetch it, and he called to her and said, "Please bring me a morsel of bread in your hand." {{rf{12}}} She said, "As Yahweh your God lives, surely I do not have a cake, but only a handful of flour in the jar and a little olive oil in the jug. Here I am gathering a few pieces of wood, and I will go and prepare it for me and my son, that we might eat it and die." {{rf{13}}} Elijah said to her, "Don't be afraid. Go and do according to your word; only make for me a small bread cake from it first, and bring it out to me. Make it for yourself and for your son afterward. {{rf{14}}} For thus says Yahweh, the God of Israel: 'The jar of flour will not be emptied and the jug of olive oil will not run out until the day Yahweh gives rain on the surface of the earth.'" {{rf{15}}} So she went and did according to the word of Elijah; then both she and he ate with her household for many days. {{rf{16}}} The jar of flour was not emptied and the jug of olive oil did not run out, according to the word of Yahweh which he spoke by the hand of Elijah. {{rf{17}}} It happened after these things that the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, became ill; and his illness was very severe until there was no breath left in him. {{rf{18}}} She said to Elijah, "What do you have against me, O man of God, that you have come to me to make known my guilt and to cause my son to die?" {{rf{19}}} Then he said to her, "Give me your son." He took him from her lap and carried him up to the upper room where he was staying, and he laid him on his bed. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-17-01]] }}}
 {{rf{20}}} Then he called to Yahweh and said, "O Yahweh my God, are you also causing evil to come upon the widow with whom I am dwelling as an alien by causing her son to die?" {{rf{21}}} He stretched himself out on the child three times and called to Yahweh and said, "O Yahweh my God, please let the life of this child return within him." {{rf{22}}} Yahweh listened to the voice of Elijah, and the life of the child returned within him, and he lived. {{rf{23}}} Elijah then took the child and brought him down from the upper room to the house and gave him to his mother. Elijah said, "Look, your son is alive." {{rf{24}}} Then the woman said to Elijah, "Now this I know, that you are a man of God and the word of Yahweh in your mouth is truth." {{rf big{1}}} It happened many days later that the word of Yahweh came to Elijah in the third year, saying, "Go, present yourself to Ahab so that I may give rain on the surface of the earth." {{rf{2}}} So Elijah went to present himself to Ahab. Now the famine was severe in Samaria. {{rf{3}}} Ahab summoned Obadiah who was over the house. (Now Obadiah was fearing Yahweh greatly. {{rf{4}}} It had happened that when Jezebel killed the prophets of Yahweh, Obadiah took a hundred prophets and hid them by fifties in the cave and sustained them with food and water.) {{rf{5}}} Ahab said to Obadiah, "Go through the land to all the springs of water and to all the wadis. Perhaps we may find green grass that we may keep horses and mules alive and that we might not lose any of the animals." {{rf{6}}} So they divided the land for themselves in order to pass through it; Ahab went one way by himself, and Obadiah went another way by himself. {{rf{7}}} It happened that Obadiah was on the way, and suddenly Elijah was there to meet him. When he recognized him, he fell on his face and said, "Is this you, my lord Elijah?" {{rf{8}}} He said to him, "I am. Go, say to your lord, 'Elijah is here.'" {{rf{9}}} He said, "How have I sinned that you are giving your servant into the hand of Ahab to kill me? {{rf{10}}} As Yahweh your God lives, surely there is not a nation or a kingdom to which my lord has not sent me to seek you. If they would say, 'He is not here,' then he would make the kingdom or the nation swear that it could not find you. {{rf{11}}} Now you are saying, 'Go, say to your lord: "Elijah is here." ' {{rf{12}}} And it will happen that I will go from you and the Spirit of Yahweh will carry you up to where I do not know. Then I will come to tell Ahab, but he will not find you, and then he will kill me, even though your servant has feared Yahweh from my youth. {{rf{13}}} Has it not been told to my lord what I did when Jezebel killed the prophets of Yahweh? I hid a hundred men of the prophets of Yahweh by fifties in the cave, and I sustained them with food and water. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-17-20]] }}}
 {{rf{14}}} Now you are saying, 'Go, say to your lord: "Elijah is here," ' and he will kill me." {{rf{15}}} Elijah said, "As Yahweh of hosts lives, before whom I stand, I will certainly show myself to him today." {{rf{16}}} So Obadiah went to meet Ahab, and he told him, so Ahab went to meet Elijah. {{rf{17}}} When Ahab saw Elijah, Ahab said to him, "Is this you who throws Israel into confusion?" {{rf{18}}} He said, "I did not throw Israel into confusion; rather you and the house of your father have by forsaking the commands of Yahweh when you went after the Baals! {{rf{19}}} So then, send word and assemble all of Israel to me on Mount Carmel, with the four hundred and fifty prophets of Baal and the four hundred prophets of Asherah, who eat at the table of Jezebel." {{rf{20}}} So Ahab sent word among the Israelites, and he assembled the prophets to Mount Carmel. {{rf{21}}} Elijah approached to all the people and said, "How long will you go limping over two opinions? If Yahweh is God, go after him; but if Baal, go after him." But the people did not answer him a word. {{rf{22}}} Then Elijah said to the people, "I alone am left a prophet of Yahweh, but the prophets of Baal are four hundred and fifty men. {{rf{23}}} Let them give us two bulls, and let them choose for themselves one bull, cut him in pieces, and put it on the wood, but don't let them start a fire on it. I will prepare the other bull and set it on the wood, but I will put no fire on it. {{rf{24}}} Then you call on the name of your god, and I will call on the name of Yahweh, and it shall be that the god who answers by fire, he is God." Then all the people answered and said, "The word is good!" {{rf{25}}} Then Elijah said to the prophets of Baal, "Choose for yourselves one bull and prepare it first, for you are the majority, and call on the name of your god, but don't set fire under it." {{rf{26}}} So they took the bull that he allowed to them, prepared it, and called upon the name of Baal from morning until noon, saying, "O Baal, answer us!" But there was no voice and there was no answer, so they limped about the altar which they had made. {{rf{27}}} It happened at noon that Elijah mocked them and said, "Call out with a loud voice, for he is a god! Perhaps he is meditating, or is using the bathroom, or is on a journey. Perhaps he is asleep and must wake up!" {{rf{28}}} So they called out with a loud voice, and they cut themselves with swords and with spears as was their custom, until the blood poured out over them. {{rf{29}}} It happened as noon passed, they raged until the time of the evening offering, but there was no voice, there was no answer, and no one paid attention. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-18-14]] }}}
 {{rf{30}}} Then Elijah said to all the people, "Come near to me," so all the people came closer to him. He repaired the altar of Yahweh that had been destroyed. {{rf{31}}} Elijah took twelve stones according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, to whom the word of God came, saying, "Israel shall be your name." {{rf{32}}} With them, he built an altar in the name of Yahweh, and he made a trench which would have held about two seahs of seed, all around the altar. {{rf{33}}} And he arranged the wood, cut the bull into pieces, and placed it on the wood. Then he said, "Fill four jars with water, and pour it on the burnt offering and on the wood." {{rf{34}}} He said, "Do it again!" They did it again. He said, "Do it a third time!" So they did it a third time. {{rf{35}}} The water went all around the altar, and the trench also was filled with water. {{rf{36}}} It happened at the offering of the evening oblation, Elijah the prophet went near, and he said, "O Yahweh, God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel; let it be known today that you are God in Israel and that I am your servant and that I have done all of these things by your words. {{rf{37}}} Answer me, O Yahweh, answer me; that this people may know that you, O Yahweh, are God and that you have turned their hearts back again." {{rf{38}}} Then the fire of Yahweh fell, and it consumed the burnt offering, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust; and the water which was in the trench it licked up! {{rf{39}}} When all the people saw, they fell on their faces and said, "Yahweh, he is God! Yahweh, he is God!" {{rf{40}}} Then Elijah said to them, "Seize the prophets of Baal; don't let any man of them escape!" So they seized them, and Elijah brought them down to the wadi of Kishon and killed them there. {{rf{41}}} Then Elijah said to Ahab, "Go up, eat and drink, for there is the sound of the noise of rain." {{rf{42}}} So Ahab went up to eat and to drink while Elijah went to the top of Carmel, bent down to the earth, and put his face between his knees. {{rf{43}}} Then he said to his servant, "Please go and look in the direction of the sea." So he went up and looked; then he said, "There is nothing." Then he said, "Go back," seven times. {{rf{44}}} It happened that at the seventh time, he said, "Look, there is a small cloud, as the hand of a man, coming up from the sea." Then Elijah said, "Go up, say to Ahab, 'Harness your horses and go down, lest the rain stop you.'" {{rf{45}}} In no time the heavens grew black with clouds and wind, and there was heavy rain. Ahab rode and he went to Jezreel, {{rf{46}}} but the hand of Yahweh was on Elijah; he girded up his loins and ran before Ahab as one comes to Jezreel. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-18-30]] }}}
Then Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done and how he had killed all the prophets with the sword. {{rf{2}}} Then Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah, saying, "Thus may the gods do to me, and may they add to it, surely at this time tomorrow I will make your life as the life of one of them!" {{rf{3}}} Then he became afraid, got up, and fled for his life. He came to Beersheba which belongs to Judah, and he left his servant there. {{rf{4}}} Then he went into the wilderness one day's journey, and he went and sat under a certain broom tree. Then he asked Yahweh that he might die, and he said, "It is enough now, Yahweh; take my life, for I am no better than my ancestors." {{rf{5}}} He lay down and fell asleep under a certain broom tree, and suddenly this angel was touching him and said to him, "Get up, eat!" {{rf{6}}} He looked, and behold, a bread cake on hot coals was near his head and a jar of water, so he ate and drank. Then he did it again and lay down. {{rf{7}}} The angel of Yahweh appeared a second time and touched him and said, "Get up, eat, for the journey is greater than you." {{rf{8}}} So he got up, ate, drank, and went in the strength of that food forty days and forty nights up to Horeb, the mountain of God. {{rf{9}}} He came to the cave there and spent the night there. Suddenly the word of Yahweh came to him and asked him, "Elijah, what are you doing here?" {{rf{10}}} Then he said, "I have been very zealous for Yahweh the God of hosts, for the Israelites have forsaken your covenant. They have demolished your altars, and they have killed your prophets with the sword. I alone am left over, and they seek to take my life. {{rf{11}}} He said, "Go out and stand on the mountain before Yahweh." Suddenly Yahweh was passing by, with a great and strong wind ripping the mountains and crushing rocks before Yahweh; but Yahweh was not in the wind. After the wind, there was an earthquake; but Yahweh was not in the earthquake. {{rf{12}}} After the earthquake was a fire, but Yahweh was not in the fire. After the fire there was the sound of a gentle whisper. {{rf{13}}} It happened at the moment Elijah heard, he covered his face with his cloak and went out and stood at the entrance of the cave. Suddenly a voice came to him and said, "Elijah, why are you here?" {{rf{14}}} He said, "I have been very zealous for Yahweh the God of Hosts, for the Israelites have forsaken your covenant, demolished your altars, and killed your prophets with the sword; I alone am left, and they seek to take my life!" {{rf{15}}} Then Yahweh said to him, "Go, return on your way to the wilderness of Damascus. Go and anoint Hazael as king over Aram; {{rf{16}}} and Jehu son of Nimshi you shall anoint as king over Israel. You shall also anoint Elisha son of Shaphat from Abel-Meholah as prophet in your place. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-19-01]] }}}
 {{rf{17}}} It shall be that the one who escapes from the sword of Hazael, Jehu will kill; the one who escapes from the sword of Jehu, Elisha shall kill. {{rf{18}}} I will leave in Israel seven thousand, all of the knees that have not bowed down to Baal and all of the mouths that have not kissed him." {{rf{19}}} So he went from there and found Elisha son of Shaphat while he was plowing with twelve pairs of oxen before him. When he and the twelve passed Elijah, he threw his cloak on him. {{rf{20}}} Then he left the oxen and ran after Elijah and said, "Please let me kiss my father and my mother, and then I will go after you." Then he said, "Go, return, for what I have done to you?" {{rf{21}}} So he returned from after him, and he took a pair of oxen and slaughtered them, and with the yoke of the oxen he boiled the flesh and gave it to the people and they ate. Then he arose and went after Elijah and served him. {{rf big{1}}} Ben-Hadad king of Aram gathered all of his army, and thirty-two kings were with him, and horses and chariots. He went up and laid siege against Samaria and fought with it. {{rf{2}}} He sent messengers to the city to Ahab king of Israel. {{rf{3}}} He said to him, "Thus says Ben-Hadad: 'Your silver and your gold are mine, and your women and your best sons are mine.'" {{rf{4}}} Then the king of Israel answered and said, "As your word, my master the king; I am yours, and all that is mine is yours." {{rf{5}}} The messengers returned and said, "Thus says Ben-Hadad, saying, 'I sent to you saying, "Your silver and gold are mine, and your women and your best sons you must give to me." {{rf{6}}} So at this time tomorrow, I will send my servants to you that they might search your house and the houses of your servants. All the desire of your eyes they will lay hands on and take it away.'" {{rf{7}}} Then the king of Israel called all the elders of the land and said, "Please know and realize that this man is seeking trouble, for he sent to me for my women, my sons, my silver, and my gold, and I did not withhold anything from him." {{rf{8}}} All of the elders and all of the people said to him, "Do not listen and do not consent." {{rf{9}}} So he said to the messengers of Ben-Hadad, "Say to my lord the king, 'All that you demanded from your servant at the first, I will do, but this thing I am not able to do.'" Then the messengers went and made a report to him. {{rf{10}}} Then Ben-Hadad sent to him and said, "Thus may the gods do to me and thus may they add if the dust of Samaria is sufficient for the hollow of a hand for all of the people who are at my feet." {{rf{11}}} The king of Israel answered and said, "Tell him, 'Let not him who girds on his armor boast as one who takes off his armor.'" {{rf{12}}} It happened at the moment he heard this word, he and the kings were drinking in the tents. He said to his servants, "Get ready to attack." So they got ready to attack the city. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-19-17]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} Suddenly a certain prophet approached Ahab king of Israel and said, "Thus says Yahweh: 'Have you seen all this great crowd? Behold, I am giving it into your hand today, that you may know that I am Yahweh.'" {{rf{14}}} Ahab said, "By whom?" And he said, "Thus says Yahweh: 'By the servants of the commanders of the provinces.'" He asked, "Who will begin the battle?" And he said, "You." {{rf{15}}} So he mustered the servants of the commanders of the provinces, and there were two hundred and thirty-two. After them he mustered all of the army, all the sons of Israel, seven thousand. {{rf{16}}} They went out at noon while Ben-Hadad was drinking himself drunk in the tents, he and the thirty-two kings helping him. {{rf{17}}} Then the servants of the commanders of the provinces went out first, and Ben-Hadad sent, and they reported to him, saying, "Men have come out from Samaria." {{rf{18}}} Then he said, "If they have come out for peace, seize them alive; and if they have come out for war, seize them alive." {{rf{19}}} But these had come out from the city, the servants of the commanders of the provinces, and the army that was after them. {{rf{20}}} Each man killed his man, and the Arameans fled, so Israel pursued them, but Ben-Hadad king of Aram escaped on a horse with cavalry. {{rf{21}}} The king of Israel went out and attacked the horses and the chariots and defeated Aram with a great blow. {{rf{22}}} Then the prophet came near to the king of Israel, and he said to him, "Go, strengthen yourself; consider well what you should do, for the king of Aram is coming against you at the turn of the year." {{rf{23}}} The servants of the king of Aram said to him, "Their gods are gods of the mountains, therefore they were stronger than we. Let us fight with them in the plain; surely we will be stronger than they. {{rf{24}}} Do this thing: remove the kings each from his post, and put a governor in their place. {{rf{25}}} You must muster an army for yourself as the army you have lost, and horses and chariots as the horses and chariots you lost, then we will fight them in the plain. Surely we will be stronger than they." So he listened to their voice and did so. {{rf{26}}} It happened at the turning of the year that Ben-Hadad mustered Aram and went up to Aphek for the war with Israel. {{rf{27}}} The Israelites had been mustered and provisioned, and they went to engage them. The Israelites encamped opposite them as two flocks of goats, but the Arameans filled the land. {{rf{28}}} Then the man of God approached, and he spoke to the king of Israel, and he said, "Thus says Yahweh: 'Because Aram has said, "Yahweh is a god of the mountains and not a god of the valleys," ' I will give all this great crowd into your hand that you may know that I am Yahweh." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-20-13]] }}}
 {{rf{29}}} These encamped opposite for seven days, and it happened on the seventh day that the battle began, and the Israelites killed the Arameans, one hundred thousand infantry in one day. {{rf{30}}} Then those who remained fled to Aphek, to the city, and the wall fell on twenty-seven thousand men who had remained, so Ben-Hadad fled and went to the innermost rooms of the city. {{rf{31}}} Then his servants said to him, "Please now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are kings of mercy. Let us now put sackcloth on around our waists and ropes on our heads. Then let us go out to the king of Israel. Perhaps he will let you live." {{rf{32}}} So they tied sackcloth around their waists and ropes on their heads. Then they went to the king of Israel and said, "Your servant Ben-Hadad says, 'Please let me live.'" And he said, "Is my brother still alive?" {{rf{33}}} The men took this as a good omen and they quickly accepted it as true from him, and they said, "Your brother Ben-Hadad lives." So he said, "Go, get him." Ben-Hadad came out to him, and Ahab pulled him up on the chariot. {{rf{34}}} Ben-Hadad said to him, "The cities which my father took from your father I shall return. You may set up streets with stalls for yourself in Damascus just as my father set up in Samaria." Then Ahab said, "On these terms I will let you go," So he made a covenant with him and let him go. 
----
{{rf{35}}} A certain man from the sons of the prophets said to his fellow countryman, "By the word of Yahweh, please strike me." But the man refused to strike him. {{rf{36}}} He said to him, "Because you have not obeyed the voice of Yahweh, look, as you now are going from me, a lion will kill you." When he went from beside him, the lion found him and killed him. {{rf{37}}} Then he found another man and said, "Strike me, please," so the man struck him sharply and wounded him. {{rf{38}}} Then the prophet went and waited for the king along the road and disguised himself with a headband over his eyes. {{rf{39}}} As the king was passing by, he called to the king and said, "Your servant went out in the thick of the battle, and suddenly a man turned and brought a man to me and said, 'Guard this man. If by any means he should be missed, it will be your life in his place, or you shall pay a talent of silver.' {{rf{40}}} It happened that your servant was busy here and there, and he disappeared." Then the king said to him, "Your own judgment has been determined." {{rf{41}}} He quickly removed the headband from his eyes, and the king of Israel recognized him, that he was from the prophets. {{rf{42}}} He said to him, "Thus says Yahweh: 'Because you have let the man I devoted for destruction go from your hand, your life shall be in place of his life and your people in place of his people.'" {{rf{43}}} Then the king of Israel went to his house, sullen and angry, and he came to Samaria.  {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-20-29]] }}}
It happened after these things that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard which was in Jezreel beside the palace of Ahab king of Samaria. {{rf{2}}} Ahab spoke to Naboth, saying, "Give me your vineyard that it may be mine for a garden of vegetable plants, because it is near, beside my house, and I will give to you a better vineyard in place of it. If it is better in your eyes, I will give you the money of its price." {{rf{3}}} Naboth said to Ahab, "Far be it from me from Yahweh that I should give the inheritance of my ancestors to you." {{rf{4}}} Then Ahab went to his house, sullen and angry because of the word that Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him when he had said, "I will not give to you the inheritance of my ancestors." So he lay on his bed, turned away his face, and would not eat any food. {{rf{5}}} Then Jezebel his wife came to him, and she said to him, "What is this, that your spirit is sullen and you are not eating food?" {{rf{6}}} Then he said to her, "When I spoke to Naboth the Jezreelite and asked him, 'Give me your vineyard for money, or it you prefer, I will give you a vineyard in place of it,' he said, 'I will not give you my vineyard.'" {{rf{7}}} Jezebel his wife said to him, "Now, you rule over Israel. Get up, eat food, and let your heart be cheerful. I myself will give you the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite." {{rf{8}}} So she wrote letters in the name of Ahab and sealed them with his seal. She sent the letters to the elders and the nobles who were dwelling with Naboth in his city. {{rf{9}}} She had written in the letters, saying, "Call a fast and seat Naboth at the head of the people. {{rf{10}}} Seat two men, scoundrels, opposite him. Let them witness against him saying, 'You cursed God and the king.' Then you shall bring him out and stone him so that he dies." {{rf{11}}} The men of his city and the elders and nobles who were living in his city did according to what Jezebel had sent to them, as was written in the letters which she had sent to them. {{rf{12}}} They called a fast, and they seated Naboth at the head of the people. {{rf{13}}} Then the two men, scoundrels, came, sat opposite him, and the scoundrels witnessed against Naboth before the people, saying, "Naboth cursed God and the king," so they brought him outside of the city and stoned him with stones, and he died. {{rf{14}}} They sent to Jezebel saying, "Naboth has been stoned, and he is dead." {{rf{15}}} It happened at the moment Jezebel heard that Naboth had been stoned and died, Jezebel said to Ahab, "Get up, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite which he had refused to give to you for money, for Naboth is not alive, but dead." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-21-1]] }}}
 {{rf{16}}} When Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, he got up to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite to take possession of it. {{rf{17}}} The word of Yahweh came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying, {{rf{18}}} "Arise, go down to meet Ahab the king of Israel who is in Samaria. Look in the vineyard of Naboth, where he has gone to take possession of it. {{rf{19}}} You shall say to him, 'Thus says Yahweh: "Have you committed murder and also taken possession?" ' You shall also say to him, 'Thus says Yahweh: "In the place where the dogs licked the blood of Naboth, the dogs will also lick your blood." '" {{rf{20}}} Then Ahab said to Elijah, "Have you found me, my enemy?" He said, "I have found you because you have sold yourself to do evil in the eyes of Yahweh. {{rf{21}}} 'Look, I am bringing disaster on you, and I will sweep away after you. I will cut off for Ahab every male in Israel, bond or free. {{rf{22}}} I will make your house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah, because you made me angry and have caused Israel to sin.' {{rf{23}}} Moreover, concerning Jezebel, Yahweh has said, 'The dogs will eat Jezebel in the outer rampart of Jezreel.' {{rf{24}}} The one who dies for Ahab in the city, the dogs will eat; the one who dies in the open country, the birds of heaven will eat." {{rf{25}}} Truly, there was no one like Ahab who had sold himself by doing evil in the eyes of Yahweh, whose wife Jezebel urged him on. {{rf{26}}} Also, he acted very abominably by going after idols like all the Amorites had done whom Yahweh had driven out from before the Israelites." {{rf{27}}} When Ahab heard these words, he tore his clothes and put sackcloth over his flesh, fasted, lay in the sackcloth, and went about dejectedly. {{rf{28}}} Then the word of Yahweh came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying, {{rf{29}}} "Have you seen how Ahab has humbled himself before me? Because he has humbled himself before me, I will not bring disaster in his days. I will bring the disaster on his house in the days of his son." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-21-16]] }}}
They lived three years, and there was no war between Aram and Israel. {{rf{2}}} It happened in the third year, Jehoshaphat king of Judah went down to the king of Israel, {{rf{3}}} and the king of Israel said to his servants, "Do you know Ramoth-Gilead belongs to us, and we are doing nothing about taking it from the hand of the king of Aram?" {{rf{4}}} Then he said to Jehoshaphat, "Will you go with me to the battle for Ramoth-Gilead?" Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, "I am like you; my people are like your people; my horses are like your horses." {{rf{5}}} Jehoshaphat also said to the king of Israel, "Please inquire for the word of Yahweh today." {{rf{6}}} Then the king of Israel assembled the prophets, about four hundred men, and he said to them, "Shall I go against Ramoth-Gilead for the battle, or should I refrain?" Then they said, "Go up, for the Lord will give it into the hand of the king." {{rf{7}}} So Jehoshaphat said, "Is there no prophet of Yahweh here that we might still inquire from him?" {{rf{8}}} Then the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "There is still one man to inquire from Yahweh, but I despise him, for he never prophesies anything good concerning me, but only bad: Micaiah the son of Imlah." Then Jehoshaphat said, "The king should not say so." {{rf{9}}} The king of Israel summoned a certain court official, and he said, "Quickly fetch Micaiah son of Imlah." {{rf{10}}} The king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah were each sitting on his throne, dressed in their robes, at the threshing floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria, with all the prophets prophesying before them. {{rf{11}}} Zedekiah son of Kenaanah made horns of iron for himself and said, "Thus says Yahweh: 'With these you shall gore the Arameans until finishing them.'" {{rf{12}}} All of the prophets were likewise prophesying, saying, "Go up to Ramoth-Gilead and triumph, and Yahweh will give it into the hand of the king." {{rf{13}}} Then the messenger who had gone to summon Micaiah said to him, "Please now, the words of the prophet are unanimously favorable to the king. Please let your words be as one word with them, and speak favorably." {{rf{14}}} Then Micaiah said, "As Yahweh lives, surely only as Yahweh speaks to me, that will I speak." {{rf{15}}} When he came to the king, the king asked him, "Micaiah, shall we go to Ramoth-Gilead to the battle, or shall we refrain?" He said to him, "Go up and triumph, and Yahweh will give it into the hand of the king." {{rf{16}}} Then the king said to him, "How many times must I make you swear that you shall not tell me anything but truth in the name of Yahweh?" {{rf{17}}} So he said, "I saw all of Israel scattering to the mountains, like the sheep without a shepherd. Yahweh also said, 'There are no masters for these, let them return in peace, each to his house.'" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-22-01]] }}}
 {{rf{18}}} Then the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "Did I not say to you that he would not prophesy good concerning me, but disaster?" {{rf{19}}} And he said, "Therefore, hear the word of Yahweh. I saw Yahweh sitting on his throne with all the hosts of heaven standing beside him from his right hand and from his left hand. {{rf{20}}} And Yahweh said, 'Who will entice Ahab so that he will go up and fall at Ramoth-Gilead?' Then this one was saying one thing and the other one was saying another. {{rf{21}}} Then a spirit came out and stood before Yahweh and said, 'I will entice him,' and Yahweh said to him, 'How?' {{rf{22}}} He said, 'I will go out and I will be a false spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.' And he said, 'You shall entice and succeed, go out and do so.' {{rf{23}}} So then, see that Yahweh has placed a false spirit in the mouth of all of these your prophets, and Yahweh has spoken disaster concerning you." {{rf{24}}} Then Zedekiah son of Kenaanah came near and slapped Micaiah on the cheek and said, "When did the Spirit of Yahweh pass from me to speak with you?" {{rf{25}}} Then Micaiah said, "Behold, you are about to see on that day when you go from room to room to hide." {{rf{26}}} The king of Israel said, "Take Micaiah and return him to Amon the commander of the city and to Jehoash the son of the king; {{rf{27}}} and say, 'Thus says the king: "Put this fellow in the house of imprisonment and feed him reduced rations of food and water until I come in peace." '" {{rf{28}}} Then Micaiah said, "If you indeed return in peace, then Yahweh has not spoken with me." Then he said, "Let all the peoples hear!" {{rf{29}}} Then the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah went up to Ramoth-Gilead. {{rf{30}}} Then the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "I will disguise myself and go into the battle, but you wear your robes." So the king of Israel disguised himself, and he went into the battle. {{rf{31}}} The king of Aram commanded his thirty-two chariot commanders, saying, "You shall not fight with small or great, but only against the king of Israel, him alone!" {{rf{32}}} When the chariot commanders saw Jehoshaphat, they said, "Surely he is the king of Israel," and they turned to fight against him, so Jehoshaphat called out. {{rf{33}}} When the chariot commanders saw that it was not the king of Israel, they turned away from him. {{rf{34}}} But another man drew his bow fully and struck the king of Israel between the armor scales and the breastplate; so he said to his chariot driver, "Turn the chariot and bring me out from the camp, for I am wounded." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-22-18]] }}}
 {{rf{35}}} The battle intensified on that day, and the king was being propped up in the chariot opposite Aram, but he died in the evening, and the blood of the wound ran out to the floor of the chariot. {{rf{36}}} Then the shout passed through the camp about sunset, saying, "Each man to his city and each to his land!" {{rf{37}}} So the king died, and they brought him to Samaria, and they buried the king in Samaria. {{rf{38}}} They washed the chariot by the pool of Samaria, and the dogs licked his blood (now, the prostitutes washed themselves there) according to the word of Yahweh which he had spoken. {{rf{39}}} The remainder of the acts of Ahab and all that he did, and the ivory palace and all the cities that he built, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel? {{rf{40}}} So Ahab slept with his ancestors, and Ahaziah his son became king in his place. {{rf{41}}} Jehoshaphat the son of Asa became king over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel. {{rf{42}}} Jehoshaphat was thirty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-five years in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Azubah daughter of Shilhi. {{rf{43}}} He walked in all of the way of Asa his father, and he did not turn aside from it, doing right in the eyes of Yahweh. Only he did not remove the high places; the people were still sacrificing and burning incense on the high places. {{rf{44}}} But, Jehoshaphat made peace with the king of Israel. {{rf{45}}} The remainder of the acts of Jehoshaphat, his powerful deeds he did, and how he fought, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? {{rf{46}}} The remainder of the male shrine prostitutes who were left over in the days of Asa his father he exterminated from the land. {{rf{47}}} There was not a king in Edom; a governor served as king. {{rf{48}}} Jehoshaphat built ships of the Tarshish type to go to Ophir for the gold; but he did not go because the ships were destroyed at Ezion-Geber. {{rf{49}}} Then Ahaziah son of Ahab said to Jehoshaphat, "Let my servants go with your servants in the ships," but Jehoshaphat was not willing. {{rf{50}}} And Jehoshaphat slept with his ancestors and was buried with his ancestors in the city of David his ancestor, and Joram his son became king in his place. {{rf{51}}} Ahaziah son of Ahab became king over Israel in Samaria in the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and he reigned over Israel two years. {{rf{52}}} He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh, and he went in the way of his father and his mother and in the way of Jeroboam son of Nebat who caused Israel to sin. {{rf{53}}} He served Baal and bowed down to him; and he provoked Yahweh the God of Israel according to all that his father did. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Kings-22-35]] }}}
Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the chosen who are residing temporarily in the dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, {{rf{2}}} according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, by the sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience and for sprinkling with the blood of Jesus Christ. May grace and peace be multiplied to you. {{rf{3}}} Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to his great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, {{rf{4}}} into an inheritance imperishable and undefiled and unfading, reserved in heaven for you {{rf{5}}} who are being protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time, {{rf{6}}} in which you rejoice greatly, although now for a short time, if necessary, you are distressed by various trials, {{rf{7}}} so that the genuineness of your faith, more valuable than gold that is passing away, but is tested by fire, may be found to result in praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ, {{rf{8}}} whom, although you have not seen, you love; in whom now you believe, although you do not see him, and you rejoice greatly with joy inexpressible and full of glory, {{rf{9}}} obtaining the goal of your faith, the salvation of your souls. {{rf{10}}} Concerning this salvation, the prophets who prophesied about the grace meant for you sought and made careful inquiry, {{rf{11}}} investigating for what person or which time the Spirit of Christ in them was indicating when he testified beforehand to the sufferings with reference to Christ and the glories after these things, {{rf{12}}} to whom it was revealed that they were serving not themselves but you with reference to the same things which now have been announced to you through those who proclaimed the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven, things into which angels desire to look. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Peter-01-01]] }}}
* [[Peter]]	
* <<Bbl 1P 2:11 >>-12 hinge. 
* Philip Jensen believes Peter is writing to Jews. Strangely this view is not supported by commentators (Jensen is wittily self-deprecating). 
** He is the Apostle to the Jews. 
** 0101-02, 0118, 0114-16, 0403-04. 
** The use of scripture seems pointedly for Jews. 
** <<Bbl 1P 5:13 >>
----

<<Bbl 1P 1:1 abbr >>-02	The introduction would seem to refer to the diaspora. 
<<Bbl 1P 1:2 abbr >>	strangers and aliens introduces the theme of suffering. For he asserts: you don't fit and you never will. For his audience this characterization is doubled: Jews who have repudiated the future ways of their fathers. 0513 seems a closing sequel.
<<Bbl 1P 1:14 abbr >>-16	makes sense as written to Jews.
<<Bbl 1P 1:18 abbr >>	futile ways is cited as evidence Peter wrote to former pagans but it is a good description of fallen Judiastic life.  
<<Bbl 1P 2:11 abbr >>-12	hinge.
<<Bbl 1P 3:7 abbr >>	uses unusual word for woman, specific to reproduction.
<<Bbl 1P 4:3 abbr >>-04	Debauchery is not unique to paganism but does fulfill //the will of the pagans//, no reason here to conclude Peter is writing to Gentiles. "Your Jewish friends are going to be there! Why wouldn't you?" The final reference to idolatry is arresting. But it could mean that is the final outcome of the //course of the pagans//. It could mean inculturation is so complete as to make them definitely (issues such as eating dedicated meat). It could mean idolatry as recognized by the awakened heart. The last might be presuming much on the intelligence of his audience, but the alternative is presuming ignorance so great they cannot grasp the application in  0210 of Hosea's cry to the House of Israel. 
<<Bbl 1P 5:5 abbr >>	<<Bbl James 4:6 >> <<Bbl PR 3:34 >>
<<Bbl 1P 5:13 abbr >>	<<Bbl 1P 1:2 >> note.

<<Bbl 1P 1:2 abbr>>	All three Persons of God are agents for our salvation.
<<Bbl 1P 1:3 abbr >>   God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ   --  Christ's dual nature.
<<Bbl 1P 1:17 abbr >>    see <<Bbl Ez 18:30 >>.
<<Bbl 1P 1:18 abbr >>  see <<Bbl Ez 20:4 >>.
<<Bbl 1P 1:21 abbr >>  Outside of this resurrection, our faith and hope would be in something other than God.
 {{rf{13}}} Therefore, when you have prepared your minds for action by being self-controlled, put your hope completely in the grace that will be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ. {{rf{14}}} As obedient children, do not be conformed to the former desires you used to conform to in your ignorance, {{rf{15}}} but as the one who called you is holy, you yourselves be holy in all your conduct, {{rf{16}}} for it is written, "You will be holy, because I am holy." {{rf{17}}} And if you call on him as Father who judges impartially according to each one's work, conduct yourselves with fear during the time of your temporary residence, {{rf{18}}} because you know that you were redeemed from your futile way of life inherited from your ancestors not with perishable things like silver or gold, {{rf{19}}} but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of an unblemished and spotless lamb {{rf{20}}} who was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but has been revealed in these last times for you {{rf{21}}} who through him are believing in God, who raised him from the dead and gave him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God. ''{{rf{22}}} Having purified your souls by your obedience to the truth for sincere brotherly love, love one another fervently from the heart, {{rf{23}}} because you have been born again, not from perishable seed but imperishable, through the living and enduring word of God.'' {{rf{24}}} For "all flesh is like grass, and all its glory like the flower of the grass. The grass withers and the flower falls off, {{rf{25}}} but the word of the Lord endures forever." And this is the word that has been proclaimed to you. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Peter-01-13]] }}}
Therefore, ridding yourselves of all malice and all deceit and hypocrisy and envy and all slander, {{rf{2}}} like newborn infants long for the unadulterated spiritual milk, so that by it you may grow up to salvation, {{rf{3}}} if you have tasted that the Lord is kind, {{rf{4}}} to whom you are drawing near, a living stone rejected by men but chosen and precious in the sight of God. {{rf{5}}} And you yourselves, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. {{rf{6}}} For it stands in scripture, "Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a chosen and precious cornerstone, and the one who believes in him will never be put to shame." {{rf{7}}} Therefore the honor is for you who believe, but for those who refuse to believe, "The stone that the builders rejected, this one has become the cornerstone," {{rf{8}}} and "A stone of stumbling and a rock of offense," who stumble because they disobey the word to which also they were consigned. {{rf{9}}} But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God's possession, so that you may proclaim the virtues of the one who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light, {{rf{10}}} who once were not a people, but now are the people of God, the ones who were not shown mercy, but now are shown mercy. {{rf{11}}} Dear friends, I urge you as foreigners and temporary residents to abstain from fleshly desires which wage war against your soul, {{rf{12}}} maintaining your good conduct among the Gentiles, so that in the things in which they slander you as evildoers, by seeing your good deeds they may glorify God on the day of visitation. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Peter-02-01]] }}}
2:2	//long for, crave// -- Howard Hendricks says it means to develop an appetite.
2:5 See [[Sacrifice]]
<<Bbl 1P 2:11 abbr >>    Jesus makes a like statement in <<Bbl Mt 5:16 >>.
<<Bbl 1P 2:12 abbr >>    see <<Bbl Mt 5:11 >>
<<Bbl 1P 2:20 abbr >>    Do not sinners do the same?  Jacob under Laban provides a case study.
2:21-25  Peter alludes carefully and deliberately to Isa 53.  Writing to servants, Peter introduces the great Servant.  And //stripes// (welts, buises) must mean something to the mistreated slave who is receiving Peter's exhortation.  
2:23    entrusted Himself   --  see 4:19
{{holyquote{
2:24: For you were going astray like sheep, but you have turned back now to the shepherd and guardian of your souls.  [[Shepherd|Sheep]]
}}}
2:24 The sheep in part A means an untended sheep; part B indicates we are still vulnerable. 
2:24	This passage alludes strongly to <<Bbl I 53:1>>-6.

<<Bbl 1P 3:3 abbr >>-4 you can be gaudy or godly, but not both. Not at the same time, and not in alternation.
<<Bbl 1P 3:16>> John Piper is persuasive that Christ did not "go down to hell and preach," but this refers to Noah's witness.

----
[[1Pt-03-16ff-chiasm]]
----

<<Bbl 1P 3:21 abbr >> 	Neither the act nor the water is the point.

<<Bbl 1P 4:9 abbr >>	<<Bbl R 12:8 >>d
4:18    Perhaps a quote of <<Bbl Pr 11:31 >>.
{{holyquote{
19 So then also those who suffer according to the will of God must entrust their souls to a faithful Creator in doing good.
}}}
<<Bbl 1P 4:19 abbr >>    //Entrust// - The word relates to making a deposit.  Charles Swindoll points out that banks typically have a stated maximum on deposits because they want to limit their liability.  Not God!
<<Bbl 1P 4:19 abbr >> 	//in doing what is right// - that is, those who suffer in their "active well-doing" should continue in it (NAS is unclear).
<<Bbl 1P 5:5 abbr >> Don Fraser:  "And I've got enough problems in my life without God opposing me."
<<Bbl 1P 5:6 abbr >>-7	Love and power together.
5:10    see <<Bbl L 22:31 >>
 {{rf{13}}} Subject yourselves to every human authority for the sake of the Lord, whether to a king as having supreme authority, {{rf{14}}} or to governors as those sent out by him for the punishment of those who do evil and the praise of those who do good. {{rf{15}}} For the will of God is as follows: by doing good to silence the ignorance of foolish people. {{rf{16}}} Live as free persons, and not using your freedom as a covering for evil, but as slaves of God. {{rf{17}}} Honor all people, love the community of believers, fear God, honor the king. {{rf{18}}} Domestic slaves, be subject to your masters with all respect, not only to those who are good and gentle, but also to those who are unjust. {{rf{19}}} For this finds favor, if because of consciousness of God someone endures sorrows while suffering unjustly. {{rf{20}}} For what credit is it if, when you sin and are beaten for it, you endure? But if you endure when you do good and suffer for it, this finds favor with God. {{rf{21}}} For to this you were called, because Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example, so that you should follow in his footsteps, {{rf{22}}} who did not commit sin, nor was deceit found in his mouth, {{rf{23}}} who when he was reviled, did not revile in return; when suffering, he did not threaten, but entrusted himself to the one who judges justly, {{rf{24}}} who himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, so that we may die to sins and live to righteousness, by whose wounds you were healed. {{rf{25}}} For you were going astray like sheep, but you have turned back now to the shepherd and guardian of your souls. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Peter-02-13]] }}}
In the same way, wives, be subject to your own husbands, so that even if some are disobedient to the word, they may be won over without a word by the conduct of their wives, {{rf{2}}} when they see your respectful, pure conduct. {{rf{3}}} Let your adornment not be the external kind, braiding hair and putting on gold jewelry or putting on fine clothing, {{rf{4}}} but the hidden person of the heart, with the imperishable quality of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is highly valuable in the sight of God. {{rf{5}}} For in the same way formerly the holy women also, who hoped in God, used to adorn themselves by being subject to their own husbands, {{rf{6}}} like Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord, whose children you have become when you do good and are not frightened with respect to any terror. {{rf{7}}} Husbands, in the same way live with your wives knowledgeably, as with the weaker female vessel, showing them honor as fellow heirs also of the grace of life, so that your prayers will not be hindered. {{rf{8}}} And finally, all of you be harmonious, sympathetic, showing mutual affection, compassionate, humble, {{rf{9}}} not repaying evil for evil or insult for insult, but on the other hand blessing others, because for this reason you were called, so that you could inherit a blessing. {{rf{10}}} For "The one who wants to love life and see good days must keep his tongue from evil and his lips must not speak deceit. {{rf{11}}} And he must turn away from evil and do good; he must seek peace and pursue it. {{rf{12}}} For the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous, and his ears are open to their prayer. But the face of the Lord is against those who do evil. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Peter-03-01]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} And who is the one who will harm you if you are a zealous adherent for what is good? {{rf{14}}} But even if you might suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not be afraid of their intimidation or be disturbed, {{rf{15}}} but set Christ apart as Lord in your hearts, always ready to make a defense to anyone who asks you for an accounting concerning the hope that is in you. {{rf{16}}} But do so with courtesy and respect, having a good conscience, so that in the things in which you are slandered, the ones who malign your good conduct in Christ may be put to shame. {{rf{17}}} For it is better to suffer for doing good, if God wills it, than for doing evil. {{rf{18}}} For Christ also suffered once for sins, the just for the unjust, in order that he could bring you to God, being put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit, {{rf{19}}} in which also he went and proclaimed to the spirits in prison, {{rf{20}}} who were formerly disobedient, when the patience of God waited in the days of Noah, while an ark was being constructed, in which a few -- that is, eight souls -- were rescued through water. {{rf{21}}} And also, corresponding to this, baptism now saves you, not the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, {{rf{22}}} who is at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven, with angels and authorities and powers having been subjected to him. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Peter-03-13]] }}}
{{{
A    16  and keep a good conscience so that 
         in the thing in which you are slandered,  
/  those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame. 

B    17  For it is better, if God should will it so, that you suffer  
    /  for doing what is right rather than for doing what is wrong. 

C    18  For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, 
    so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death  
    /  in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit; 

D    [Me: Jesus goes to Hades]  19  in which also He went and 
      made proclamation to the spirits now in prison, 

E    20  who once were disobedient, when the patience of God kept waiting 
    a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through the water. 

E’   21  Corresponding to that, baptism now saves you  

D’   22  who is at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven, 
    after angels and authorities and powers had been subjected to Him. 

C’   4:1 Therefore, since Christ has suffered  
    /  in the flesh,

B’   with the same purpose – who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin,  
    2  live in the flesh no longer for the lusts of men, but for the will of God. 

A’   3  to have carried out the desire of the Gentiles, 
    having pursued a course of sensuality,   
    4  they are surprised and they malign you;  
    /  5  but they will give account to Him who is 
          ready to judge the living and the dead.  
}}}
[[source|https://biblicalchiasmus.wordpress.com/2014/08/26/1-peter-316-45/]]
Therefore, because Christ suffered in the flesh, you also equip yourselves with the same way of thinking, because the one who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, {{rf{2}}} in order to live the remaining time in the flesh no longer for human desires, but for the will of God. {{rf{3}}} For the time that has passed was sufficient to do what the Gentiles desire to do, having lived in licentiousness, evil desires, drunkenness, carousing, drinking parties, and wanton idolatries, {{rf{4}}} with respect to which they are surprised when you do not run with them into the same flood of dissipation, and so they revile you. {{rf{5}}} They will give an account to the one who is ready to judge the living and the dead. {{rf{6}}} Because for this reason also the gospel was preached to those who are dead, so that they were judged by human standards in the flesh, but they may live in the spirit by God's standards. {{rf{7}}} Now the end of all things draws near. Therefore be self-controlled and sober-minded for your prayers. {{rf{8}}} Above all, keep your love for one another constant, because love covers a large number of sins. {{rf{9}}} Be hospitable to one another without complaining. {{rf{10}}} Just as each one has received a gift, use it for serving one another, as good stewards of the varied grace of God. {{rf{11}}} If anyone speaks, let it be as the oracles of God; if anyone serves, let it be as by the strength that God provides, so that in all things God will be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom is the glory and the power forever and ever. Amen. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Peter-04-01]] }}}
 {{rf{12}}} Dear friends, do not be surprised at the fiery ordeal among you, when it takes place to test you, as if something strange were happening to you. {{rf{13}}} But to the degree that you share in the sufferings of Christ, rejoice, so that also at the revelation of his glory you may rejoice and be glad. {{rf{14}}} If you are reviled on account of the name of Christ, you are blessed, because the Spirit of glory and of God rests on you. {{rf{15}}} By all means do not let anyone of you suffer as a murderer or a thief or an evildoer or as a meddler. {{rf{16}}} But if someone suffers as a Christian, he must not be ashamed, but must glorify God with this name. {{rf{17}}} For it is the time for the judgment to begin out from the household of God. But if it begins out from us first, what will be the outcome for those who are disobedient to the gospel of God? {{rf{18}}} And if the righteous are saved with difficulty, what will become of the ungodly and the sinner? {{rf{19}}} So then also those who suffer according to the will of God must entrust their souls to a faithful Creator in doing good. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Peter-04-12]] }}}
Therefore I, your fellow elder and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a sharer of the glory that is going to be revealed, exhort the elders among you: {{rf{2}}} shepherd the flock of God among you, exercising oversight not by compulsion but willingly, in accordance with God, and not greedily but eagerly, {{rf{3}}} and not as lording it over those under your care, but being examples for the flock. {{rf{4}}} And when the chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory. {{rf{5}}} In the same way, younger men, be subject to the elders, and all of you clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, because God opposes the proud, but gives grace to the humble. {{rf{6}}} Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, so that he may exalt you at the right time, {{rf{7}}} casting all your cares on him, because he cares for you. {{rf{8}}} Be sober; be on the alert. Your adversary the devil walks around like a roaring lion, looking for someone to devour. {{rf{9}}} Resist him, steadfast in your faith, because you know the same kinds of sufferings are being accomplished by your community of believers in the world. {{rf{10}}} And the God of all grace, who called you to his eternal glory in Christ, after you have suffered for a short time, will himself restore, confirm, strengthen, and establish you. {{rf{11}}} To him be the power forever and ever. Amen. {{rf{12}}} Through Silvanus, the faithful brother (as I consider him), I have written to you briefly to encourage you and to attest that this is the true grace of God. Stand firm in it. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Peter-05-01]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} She who is in Babylon, chosen the same as you, greets you, and so does my son Mark. {{rf{14}}} Greet one another with a loving kiss. Peace to all of you who are in Christ. LENGTH SHORT {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Peter-05-13]] }}}
There was a certain man from Ramathaim Zophim, from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. {{rf{2}}} He had two wives; the name of the first was Hannah, and the name of the second was Peninnah. Now Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. {{rf{3}}} Now this man used to go up from his town year by year to worship and to sacrifice to Yahweh of hosts in Shiloh, where the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were priests to Yahweh. {{rf{4}}} On the day Elkanah sacrificed, he would give portions to his wife Peninnah and to all her sons and daughters. {{rf{5}}} But to Hannah he would give a double portion, because he loved Hannah, though Yahweh had closed her womb. {{rf{6}}} (Now her rival wife would provoke her severely in order to upset her because Yahweh had closed her womb.) {{rf{7}}} And so he used to do year after year; whenever she went up to the house of Yahweh, she would provoke her so that she would weep and would not eat. {{rf{8}}} So Elkanah her husband would say to her: "Hannah, why do you weep and why do you not eat? And why are you heartsick? Am I not better to you than ten sons?" {{rf{9}}} Then Hannah got up after eating and drinking at Shiloh. (Now Eli the priest was sitting on his chair by the doorpost of the temple of Yahweh.) {{rf{10}}} She was deeply troubled, so she prayed to Yahweh and wept bitterly. {{rf{11}}} She made a vow and said: "O Yahweh of hosts, if you will look with compassion on the misery of your female servant, and will remember me, and not forget your female servant, and will give to your female servant a male child then I will give him to Yahweh all the days of his life, and a razor will never pass over his head." {{rf{12}}} While she continued to pray before Yahweh, Eli was observing her mouth. {{rf{13}}} Now Hannah had been speaking in her heart; her lips were moving, but her voice could not be heard, so Eli considered her to be drunk. {{rf{14}}} Then Eli said to her, "How long will you behave like someone who is drunk? Put away your wine!" {{rf{15}}} But Hannah answered and said, "No, my lord. I am a woman deeply distressed, but I have not drunk wine or strong drink. Rather, I have poured out my soul before Yahweh. {{rf{16}}} Do not regard your female servant as worthless, but because of the extent of my worries and my provocation I have spoken all of this." {{rf{17}}} Then Eli answered and said, "Go in peace, and may the God of Israel grant your request that you have asked of him." {{rf{18}}} And she said, "May your female slave find favor in your sight." Then the woman went on her way and ate something, and her face did not look sad any longer. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-01-01]] }}}
<<Bbl 1S 1:6 abbr >>  A humble woman, made humble through circumstances.  While Elkinah is giving her a double portion, it does her no good - she's not eating.
1:8 His contentment may have increased the sense of hurt.  One senses Hannah hid her trials from her husband.  The next verse says //after they had eaten//, and this setting her secret torment would have been at its worst with the other wife's covert insults and her inability to take food.  Note she is praying inaudibly; she feels unable to open up.
1:14    Eli seems to misjudge so much.
<<Bbl 1S 1:18 abbr >>    [[Believe]].

[[Samuel]] for more on these passages.

2:13, 15 	The priests (the sons of Eli) do not themselves come for the meat -- they have a servant for that!  If the servant returns with a bad cut of beef, or it is too much boiled, he is scolded and threatened with expulsion from his "holy calling".

2:20	Through his career God continues to let Eli conduct his office with some dignity and power.  God honors the office.  But never do we see (as with Samuel) that he "ministered before the Lord", and it is always in relation to the advent and ascendency of Samuel that we see these blessings.

2:22	Besides male servants to fetch meat, the Bad Boys of Shiloh have female servants for sex.  
<<Bbl 1S 2:14 abbr >>   The sons showed up early in the process, when the meat had just entered the boiling water; for they wanted it roasted not boiled.  These were boys who knew they barbeque.   You can imagine them, ears alert, sniffing the air, making sure they hadn't missed the moment, scowling with impatience if the protest of the countryman lasted longer than a minute.

2:27	//your father's  house// refers to Aaron of the tribe of Levi.  The Passover, the redemption of the first-born, the sacrifice that saves, the calling of the Levites.
<<Bbl 1S 2:27 abbr >>  All of Malachi

2:29    Three-fold sin.  //...made yourself fat// is fulfilled in Eli's death.  Inner denial has kept him from reproving his sons; when he does, as with Lot, they are too far gone to listen.  At that point he appears to have increased his dereliction by not taking strong, authoritative control; it's clear he could have had the support of the common people.  He did not nobly fulfill his role as a judge of Israel <<Bbl 1S 4:18 abbr>>.

2:30	[[Revere]]

2:36	Meat is no longer the goal -- just a piece of bread!
 {{rf{19}}} Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before Yahweh and returned to their house at Ramah. Then Elkanah had sexual relations with Hannah his wife, and Yahweh remembered her. {{rf{20}}} In due time, Hannah conceived and gave birth to a son. She called his name Samuel, for she said, "I requested him from Yahweh." {{rf{21}}} So the man Elkanah went up with all his household to make the annual sacrifice to Yahweh and to pay his vow. {{rf{22}}} But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, "Once the boy is weaned, I will bring him, so that he may appear before Yahweh; and he will remain there forever." {{rf{23}}} So her husband Elkanah said to her, "Do what seems right to you; stay until you wean him. Only may Yahweh fulfill his word." So the woman remained and nursed her son until she weaned him. {{rf{24}}} Then she brought him up with her when she had weaned him, along with three bulls, one ephah of flour, and a skin of wine. She brought him to the house of Yahweh at Shiloh while the boy was still young. {{rf{25}}} They slaughtered the bull, and they brought the boy to Eli. {{rf{26}}} She said, "Excuse me, my lord. As you live, my lord, I am the woman who stood with you in this place to pray to Yahweh. {{rf{27}}} I prayed for this boy, and Yahweh has given me my request that I asked from him. {{rf{28}}} I in turn have lent him to Yahweh. As long as he lives he is lent to Yahweh." Then they worshiped Yahweh there. {{rf big{1}}} Then Hannah prayed and said, "My heart exults in Yahweh, my strength is exalted in Yahweh; I grin over my enemies, for I rejoice over your salvation. {{rf{2}}} There is no one holy like Yahweh, for there is no one besides you, and there is no rock like our God. {{rf{3}}} Do not increase speaking very proud words! Let no arrogance go forth from your mouth, for Yahweh is a God of knowledge whose deeds are not weighed. {{rf{4}}} The bows of mighty warriors are shattered, but those who stumble gird themselves with strength. {{rf{5}}} Those who were full must hire themselves out for bread, but those who are hungry will become fat. As for the infertile, she will bear seven, but she who has many sons withers away. {{rf{6}}} Yahweh kills and restores alive, he brings down to Sheol and raises up. {{rf{7}}} Yahweh makes poor and makes rich; he brings low and also exalts. {{rf{8}}} He raises up the poor from the dust. From the ash heap he lifts up the needy, to cause them to sit with noble people and to cause them to inherit a seat of honor. For the pillars of the earth belong to Yahweh and he has set the inhabited world on them. {{rf{9}}} He will guard the feet of his faithful ones, but the wicked will be destroyed in the darkness, because a man will not prevail by his might. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-01-19]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} Yahweh will shatter his adversaries; he will thunder against them in the heavens. Yahweh will judge the ends of the earth. He will give strength to his king and will exalt the might of his anointed one. {{rf{11}}} Then Elkanah went to Ramah, to his house. Now the boy was serving Yahweh in the presence of Eli the priest. {{rf{12}}} Now the sons of Eli were worthless scoundrels; they did not know Yahweh. {{rf{13}}} And the custom of the priests with the people was this: When any man brought a sacrifice, as the meat was boiling, the servant of the priest would take a three-pronged meat fork in his hand {{rf{14}}} and would thrust it into the pan or into the kettle or into the cauldron or into the cooking pot. All that the meat fork brought up the priest would take for himself. This is what they used to do to all of the Israelites who came there at Shiloh. {{rf{15}}} Also, before they offered up the fat as a burnt offering, the servant of the priest would come and say to the man who was sacrificing, "Give the priest meat for roasting, for he will not take boiled meat from you, but only raw." {{rf{16}}} And if the man said to him, "Let them burn the fat completely first, then take for yourself as you desire," then he would say to him, "No! Give it now! If not, I will take it by force!" {{rf{17}}} So the sin of the young men was very great in the sight of Yahweh, because the men treated the offering of Yahweh with contempt. {{rf{18}}} Now Samuel was serving before Yahweh, as a boy wearing a linen ephod. {{rf{19}}} His mother used to make for him a small robe and take it to him year by year whenever she came up with her husband to offer the annual sacrifice. {{rf{20}}} And Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife, and he said, "May Yahweh give you an offspring from this woman in place of the petitioned one that she requested from Yahweh." Then they went to their home. {{rf{21}}} Yahweh took note of Hannah, and she conceived and gave birth to three sons and two daughters, while the young man Samuel grew up with Yahweh. {{rf{22}}} Now Eli was very old, and he heard all that his sons were doing to all Israel and that they were having sexual relations with the women who were serving at the entrance of the tent of assembly. {{rf{23}}} And he asked them, "Why are you doing all these things that I am hearing, namely, your evil dealings with all these people? {{rf{24}}} No, my sons, the report is not good that I am hearing the people of Yahweh spreading. {{rf{25}}} If a man sins against a man, then God can intercede for him. But if a man sins against Yahweh, who can intercede for him?" But they did not obey their father, because Yahweh wanted to kill them. {{rf{26}}} But the boy Samuel continued to grow in stature and in favor with Yahweh and with the people. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-02-10]] }}}
 {{rf{27}}} Now a man of God came to Eli and said to him: "Thus says Yahweh: 'Did I not clearly reveal myself to the house of your ancestor when they were in Egypt under the house of Pharaoh? {{rf{28}}} And I chose him from all the tribes of Israel to be a priest to me, to go up to my altar, to burn incense, and to bear an ephod before me. I gave to the house of your ancestor all the offerings made by fire by the Israelites. {{rf{29}}} Why do you despise my sacrifice and my offering which I commanded for my dwelling place, while you honored your sons more than me by making yourselves fat from the best of all the offerings of my people Israel? {{rf{30}}} Therefore,' declares Yahweh the God of Israel, 'though I solemnly said that your house and the house of your ancestor would walk before me forever, but now,' declares Yahweh, 'far be it from me, for those who honor me I will honor, but those who despise me, I will treat with contempt! {{rf{31}}} Look, days are coming when I will cut off your strength and the strength of the house of your ancestor so that no one in your house will live to old age. {{rf{32}}} You will look at the distress of my dwelling place, despite all the good caused for Israel, but there will never be an old man in your household forever! {{rf{33}}} The only one I will not cut off from my altar is you. Rather, to cause your eyes to fail and to cause your soul to grieve, all the members of your household will die as men. {{rf{34}}} This is the sign for you that will come regarding your two sons Hophni and Phinehas: they will both die on the same day! {{rf{35}}} But I will raise up for myself a reliable priest; he will do just according to what is in my heart and in my soul. I will build for him a lasting house and he will walk continually before my anointed one forever. {{rf{36}}} All the remainder of your household will come to bow down before him for a bit of silver or a loaf of bread and will say, "Please assign me to one of the priestly offices so that I can eat a morsel of bread." '" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-02-27]] }}}
Now the boy Samuel was serving Yahweh in the presence of Eli. The word of Yahweh was rare in those days; visions were not widespread. {{rf{2}}} And then one day when Eli was lying in his place (now his eyes had begun to grow weak so that he was not able to see) {{rf{3}}} and the lamp of God had not yet gone out, Samuel was lying in the temple of Yahweh where the ark of God was. {{rf{4}}} Then Yahweh called out to Samuel and he said, "Here I am!" {{rf{5}}} And he ran to Eli and said, "Here I am, because you called me." But he said, "I did not call you. Go back and lie down." So he went and lay down. {{rf{6}}} And Yahweh called Samuel again, so Samuel got up and went to Eli and said, "Here I am, because you called me." And he said, "I did not call you, my son. Go back and lie down." {{rf{7}}} Now Samuel did not yet know Yahweh, and the word of Yahweh had not yet been revealed to him. {{rf{8}}} Again Yahweh called Samuel a third time, so he got up and went to Eli and said, "Here I am, because you called me." Then Eli realized that Yahweh was calling the boy. {{rf{9}}} So Eli said to Samuel "Go lie down. If he calls to you, then you must say, 'Speak Yahweh, because your servant is listening.'" So Samuel went and lay down in his place. {{rf{10}}} Then Yahweh came and stood there and called out as before, "Samuel! Samuel!" And Samuel said, "Speak, because your servant is listening." {{rf{11}}} So Yahweh said to Samuel, "Look, I am doing something in Israel which will cause the two ears of everyone who hears it to tingle. {{rf{12}}} On that day I will fulfill against Eli all that I have spoken against his household, from beginning to end. {{rf{13}}} I will make him know that I am about to judge his household forever because of the iniquity that he knew, for his sons were bringing curses on themselves, but he did not rebuke them. {{rf{14}}} Therefore I swore to the house of Eli that the iniquity of the house of Eli would not be atoned for by sacrifice or by offering forever." {{rf{15}}} So Samuel lay down until morning; then he opened the doors of the house of Yahweh, but Samuel was afraid of telling the vision to Eli. {{rf{16}}} Then Eli called Samuel and said, "Samuel, my son!" And he said, "Here I am." {{rf{17}}} And he said, "What is the message that he spoke to you? Please do not conceal it from me. May God punish you severely if you conceal anything from me of all the words that he told you." {{rf{18}}} So Samuel told him all the words and did not conceal anything from him. And he said, "He is Yahweh, he will do what is good in his sight." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-03-01]] }}}
<<Bbl 1S 3:1 abbr >>-2   Delizsch observes that Eli's failing vision explains why Samuel would hasten to his bedside when called.  However, note the connection between vss. 1 & 2.
3:4 Reference to the lamp going out for the evening:  <<Bbl Ex 3:8 >>; <<Bbl Ex 27:21 >>; <<Bbl Lv 14:2 >>; <<Bbl 2Ch 13:11 >>.  So this is the wee hours of the morning, and there is a similarity between the lamp about to go out, the dimness of Eli's old age, and the night almost passed through to brilliant day.
<<Bbl 1S 3:4 abbr>>-6   [[Samuel]] matures to accountability; his age is not given.
3:7-8	The palpable transfer of authority from Eli to Samuel.  God seems to give Eli just enough spiritual capacity to allow him to hear the news of his downfall.
3:13	 Compare the [[Passivity]] of Samuel's response to his ardor for the physical Ark in <<Bbl 1S 4:13 abbr>>

3:19    The LORD is the subject in upholding Samuel's words, but the statement attests to the boy's integrity.  With 2:21,26, these words echo the statements of the Christ's development as a child.
3:8 Eli shows rare discernment here.
3:19-20 	Day begins to break at last!  

3:21  --  4:1   An awfully bad chapter @@division@@.

4:1 But the stone is not yet raised nor the place named, see <<Bbl 1S 7:12 abbr>>.
<<Bbl 1S 4:3 abbr>> //Let us take to ourselves// --  easily emulated by their enemies, <<Bbl 1S 5:1 abbr>>-2.
4:3-4,13,22 These verses show a strong spirit of idolatry.  [[Ark-Covenant]]
4:4 Contrast of holiness and rebellion.
4:8 see 6:6.
4:13    Eli was an idolator.   
4:18    //He was old and heavy// -- heavy from his gluttony, precisely condemned in <<Bbl 1S 2:29 abbr>>.
 {{rf{19}}} And Samuel grew up, and Yahweh was with him. He did not allow any of his prophecies to go unfulfilled. {{rf{20}}} All Israel from Dan to Beersheba realized that Samuel was faithful as a prophet to Yahweh. {{rf{21}}} And Yahweh appeared again in Shiloh, for Yahweh revealed himself to Samuel in Shiloh through the word of Yahweh. {{rf big{1}}} And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out to meet the Philistines for battle, and they encamped at Ebenezer, and the Philistines encamped at Aphek. {{rf{2}}} The Philistines lined up for the battle to meet Israel, and the battle was prolonged until Israel was defeated before the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men on the battlefield. {{rf{3}}} When the army came back to the camp, the elders of Israel asked, "Why has Yahweh defeated us today before the Philistines? Let us bring the ark of the covenant of Yahweh to us from Shiloh so that it may come into our midst and deliver us from the hand of our enemies." {{rf{4}}} So the army sent to Shiloh and brought from there the ark of the covenant of Yahweh of hosts who sits between the cherubim. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God. {{rf{5}}} Now when the ark of the covenant of Yahweh arrived at the camp, all Israel let out a loud shout so that the earth shook. {{rf{6}}} When the Philistines heard the noise of the shouting, they said, "What is the noise of this loud shouting in the camp of the Hebrews?" Then they learned that the ark of Yahweh had come into the camp. {{rf{7}}} So the Philistines were afraid, for they said, "God has come to the camp." And they said, "Woe to us, for this has never happened before! {{rf{8}}} Woe to us! Who can deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? These are the same gods who struck the Egyptians with all sorts of plagues in the desert. {{rf{9}}} Take courage and be men, you Philistines, lest you end up serving the Hebrews just like they have served you. Be men and fight!" {{rf{10}}} So the Philistines fought and Israel was defeated and each man fled to his tent, for the slaughter was very great. Thirty thousand foot soldiers from Israel fell. {{rf{11}}} Furthermore, the ark of God was captured, and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, died. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-03-19]] }}}
{{rf{12}}} A man of Benjamin ran from the battle line and came to Shiloh that same day, and his clothes were torn and earth was on his head. {{rf{13}}} When he came, there was Eli sitting on his chair by the side of the road watching, because his heart was anxious about the ark of God. Now the man had come to give his report in the city, and all the city cried out. {{rf{14}}} When Eli heard the noise of the outcry, he said, "What is the noise of this commotion?" Then the man came quickly and told Eli. {{rf{15}}} Now Eli was ninety-eight years old and his eyes stayed fixed ahead and he was not able to see. {{rf{16}}} And the man said to Eli, "I am the one who has come from the battle line! I have fled today from the battle line!" And he said, "What exactly happened, my son?" {{rf{17}}} Then the messenger answered and said, "Israel has fled before the Philistines. There has been a great defeat among the troops. Also, your two sons have died, Hophni and Phinehas, and the ark of God has been captured." {{rf{18}}} Just as he mentioned the ark of God, he fell from his chair backwards against the side of the gate. He broke his neck and died, because the man was old and heavy. He had judged Israel forty years. {{rf{19}}} Now his daughter-in-law, the wife of Phinehas, was pregnant and about to give birth. When she heard the news concerning the capture of the ark of God and that her father-in-law and her husband had died, she went into labor and gave birth, because her labor pains came upon her. {{rf{20}}} Just before the time of her death, those attending her said, "Do not fear, for you have given birth to a son." But she did not answer, or pay any attention. {{rf{21}}} She called the boy Ichabod, saying, "The glory has departed from Israel," referring to the capture of the ark of God and concerning her father-in-law and husband. {{rf{22}}} And she said, "The glory has departed from Israel, because the ark of God was captured." 
----
{{rf big{1}}} Now the Philistines had captured the ark of God and brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. {{rf{2}}} Then the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it to the temple of Dagon and placed it beside Dagon. {{rf{3}}} When the Ashdodites got up early the next morning, there was Dagon fallen with his face to the ground before the ark of Yahweh! So they took Dagon and returned him to his place. {{rf{4}}} When they got up early in the morning the next day, there was Dagon fallen again with his face to the ground before the ark of Yahweh! The head of Dagon and the palms of his two hands were cut off, lying at the threshold; only the body of Dagon was left. {{rf{5}}} (Therefore the priests of Dagon and all who come into the house of Dagon do not tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod until this very day.) {{rf{6}}} Now the hand of Yahweh was heavy against the Ashdodites and he destroyed them and struck them with tumors, both in Ashdod and its territories. {{rf{7}}} The men of Ashdod saw that it was so, and they said, "The ark of the God of Israel should not remain with us, because his hand is harsh on us and on Dagon our god!" {{rf{8}}} So they sent and gathered all the rulers of the Philistines to them, and they asked, "What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel?" And they said, "Let the ark of the God of Israel be brought around toward Gath." So they moved the ark of the God of Israel to Gath.  {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-04-12]] }}}
<<Bbl 1Sam 5:3 abbr>>-4   an open spoiling of and triumph over wicked spiritual principalities.
** The first night's disaster is private -- the priests can tidy things up an swear each other to secrecy.  
** The second night is a fully exposed devastation.
This is like hidden waywardness which becomes exposed in rampant addiction.
<<Bbl 1S 4:4 abbr>> The threshold belongs to the door, which pertains to [[Judge]] (gate).
5:8 Probably carried with as much care as it had ever recieved.
5:10    Liken this to the consternation which greets a proposal for a toxic-waste dump site -- //Not in my backyard!//

<<Bbl 1S 6:4 abbr>> Perhaps the ark had been 'round to Gaza and Ashkelon also (5:1,6,8,10, 6:17).
6:5 Are mice implied earlier in the account?
6:9 An interesting possibility of mere coincidence.  Wishful thinking which God does not ignore.
6:19    One of the more dramatic manifestations of the ark's power and holiness.  [[Ark-Covenant]]
<<Bbl 1S 6:21 abbr>>    Continuation of the game of "hot potato"!

7:1ff.  These verses belong with the preceding ones; like the opening of 4, this is a lousy @@division@@.
<<Bbl 1S 7:2 abbr >>-3   Samuel exhorts the people to a "sorrow that produces repentance."  The two verses are not to be divided; a vav consecutive joins them.
<<Bbl 1S 7:4 abbr>> The climax and turning point.
7:5 This seems the right place for a @@division@@.
7:6 Delizsch says this is a figure of repentance; <<Bbl 2S 14:14 >>; <<Bbl Ps 22:15 >>; <<Bbl Lam 2:19 >>.
<<Bbl 1S 7:12 abbr >>    
{{hilite{
The two periods of battle in chapter 4 and 7 are a pointed contrast.  In the first Israel is the provoker; when foolish bravado gives way to initial defeat, they treacherously turn to the Ark.  The second is marked with humility and reverence for God; when threatened, the response is to ask [[Samuel]] for his intercession.  The urgent desire for a monarchy could be taken as an attempt to get a synthetic middle way.
}}}
 {{rf{9}}} After they moved it, the hand of Yahweh was against the city, causing a very great confusion, and he struck the men of the city from the youngest to the oldest, causing tumors to break out on them. {{rf{10}}} So they sent the ark of God to Ekron. But when the ark of God came to Ekron, the Ekronites cried out, saying, "They have brought around the ark of the God of Israel to kill us and our people!" {{rf{11}}} So they sent and gathered all the rulers of the Philistines, and they said, "Send away the ark of the God of Israel and let it return to its place, so that it will not kill us and our people." For a deadly confusion was throughout all the city; the hand of God was very heavy there. {{rf{12}}} The men who did not die were struck with the tumors, so that the cry of the city for help went up to heaven. {{rf big{1}}} Now the ark of Yahweh had been in the territory of the Philistines for seven months, {{rf{2}}} and the Philistines called to the priests and to those who practiced divination, saying, "What should we do with the ark of Yahweh? Inform us how we should send it to its place." {{rf{3}}} They said, "If you are sending the ark of the God of Israel away, you must not send it away empty, but by all means return it with a guilt offering. Then you will be healed and it will become known to you why his hand is not turned aside from you." {{rf{4}}} And they said, "What is the guilt offering that we should return to him?" They said, "The number of the rulers of the Philistines is five. Therefore send five gold tumors and five gold mice, because one plague was on all of you and all your rulers. {{rf{5}}} You must make images of your tumors and images of your mice that are ravaging the land, and you must give glory to the God of Israel. Perhaps he will lighten his hand on you and on your gods and on your land. {{rf{6}}} Why should you harden your hearts like the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their heart? Is it not just like when he dealt with them wantonly so that they sent them away and they left? {{rf{7}}} So then, prepare one new utility cart and two milking cows that have never had a yoke on them, and you must harness the cows to the utility cart and then turn their calves from following them to their stall. {{rf{8}}} And you must take the ark of Yahweh and place it on the utility cart with the gold objects that you are returning to him as a guilt offering. You must place them in the container beside the ark and then send it off so that it goes away. {{rf{9}}} You must watch; if it goes up by the way of its territory to Beth Shemesh, he has caused this great disaster to come on us. But if not, then we will know his hand has not struck us; it was by chance that this happened to us. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-05-09]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} So the men did so; they took two milking cows and harnessed them to the utility cart, but they shut up their calves in the stall. {{rf{11}}} Then they put the ark of Yahweh on the utility cart with the container holding the gold mice and the images of their tumors. {{rf{12}}} The cows went straight on the way on the road to Beth Shemesh, on the one main road, lowing as they went. They did not turn aside to the right or to the left, and the rulers of the Philistines were walking after them up to the border of Beth Shemesh. {{rf{13}}} Now the people of Beth Shemesh were reaping the wheat harvest in the valley. They lifted their eyes and saw the ark, and they were glad to see it. {{rf{14}}} The utility cart came to the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh and stopped there where there was a large stone. They split the wood of the utility cart and sacrificed the cows as a burnt offering to Yahweh. {{rf{15}}} Then the Levites took down the ark of Yahweh and the container that was beside it, in which were the gold objects, and they set them on the large stone. Then the men of Beth Shemesh offered burnt offerings, and they made sacrifices to Yahweh on that day. {{rf{16}}} The five rulers of the Philistines saw it and returned to Ekron that same day. {{rf{17}}} Now these are the gold tumors which the Philistines returned as a guilt offering to Yahweh: one for Ashdod, one for Gaza, one for Ashkelon, one for Gath, one for Ekron. {{rf{18}}} And the gold mice according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines, for their five rulers, from the fortified city to the unwalled village of the open country as far as the great stone, where they set the ark of Yahweh until this day in the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh. {{rf{19}}} He struck seventy men among the men of Beth Shemesh because they looked into the ark of Yahweh. So the people mourned because Yahweh had struck a great blow among the people. {{rf{20}}} Then the men of Beth Shemesh asked, "Who is able to stand before Yahweh, this holy God? And to whom shall it go up from us?" {{rf{21}}} So they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kiriath Jearim saying, "The Philistines have returned the ark of Yahweh. Come down and take it up to yourselves." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-06-10]] }}}
The men of Kiriath Jearim came and brought up the ark of Yahweh, and they brought it to the house of Abinadab in Gibeah. They consecrated Eleazer his son to guard the ark of Yahweh. {{rf{2}}} From the day the ark stayed in Kiriath Jearim, days multiplied and became twenty years while all the house of Israel mourned after Yahweh. {{rf{3}}} And Samuel spoke to all the house of Israel, saying, "If with all your heart you are turning to Yahweh, remove the foreign gods and Ashtoreths from your midst. Commit your hearts to Yahweh and serve him alone. Then he will deliver you from the hand of the Philistines." {{rf{4}}} So the Israelites removed the Baals and the Ashtoreths, and they served Yahweh alone. {{rf{5}}} Then Samuel said, "Gather all Israel to Mizpah, and I will pray to Yahweh for you." {{rf{6}}} So they gathered to Mizpah and drew water and poured it out before Yahweh. They fasted on that day and said there, "We have sinned against Yahweh!" So Samuel judged the Israelites at Mizpah. {{rf{7}}} Now when the Philistines heard that the Israelites had gathered at Mizpah, the rulers of the Philistines went up against Israel. And when the Israelites heard of it, they were afraid of the Philistines. {{rf{8}}} Then the Israelites said to Samuel, "You must not cease from crying out to Yahweh our God, so that he will deliver us from the hand of the Philistines." {{rf{9}}} So Samuel took a single nursing lamb and sacrificed it as a whole burnt offering to Yahweh. Then Samuel cried out to Yahweh on behalf of Israel, and Yahweh answered him. {{rf{10}}} While Samuel was sacrificing the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near for the battle against Israel. But Yahweh thundered against the Philistines with a great noise on that day and threw them into confusion so that they were defeated before Israel. {{rf{11}}} Then the men of Israel went out from Mizpah and pursued the Philistines and they struck them down as far as below Beth Car. {{rf{12}}} So Samuel took a single stone and put it between Mizpah and Shen, and he named it Ebenezer and said, "Up to here Yahweh has helped us." {{rf{13}}} So the Philistines were subdued and they did not come into the territory of Israel again, and the hand of Yahweh was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel. {{rf{14}}} The towns which the Philistines had taken from Israel were returned to Israel from Ekron to Gath, and Israel delivered their territories from the hand of the Philistines. Then there was peace between Israel and the Amorites. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-07-01]] }}}
 {{rf{15}}} Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life. {{rf{16}}} He used to go on the circuit from year to year. He went around Bethel, Gilgal, and Mizpah, and he judged Israel in all these places. {{rf{17}}} Then he returned to Ramah, because his house was there, and there he judged Israel, and he built an altar to Yahweh there. {{rf big{1}}} When Samuel grew old he appointed his sons as judges over Israel. {{rf{2}}} The name of his firstborn son was Joel, and the name of his second son was Abijah. They were judges in Beersheba. {{rf{3}}} But his sons did not walk in his ways; they turned aside after gain, they took bribes, and they perverted justice. {{rf{4}}} So all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah. {{rf{5}}} They said to him, "Look, you are old and your sons do not follow in your ways. So then appoint a king for us to judge us, like all the nations. {{rf{6}}} But the matter was displeasing to Samuel when they said, "Give us a king to judge us," so Samuel prayed to Yahweh. {{rf{7}}} Then Yahweh said to Samuel, "Listen to the voice of the people concerning all that they say to you; for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected me from being king over them. {{rf{8}}} Like all the deeds they have done from the day I brought them up from Egypt until this day, they have forsaken me and have served other gods -- so they are doing to you also. {{rf{9}}} And so then, listen to their voice. However, you must earnestly warn them; you must explain to them the custom of the king who will rule over them." {{rf{10}}} So Samuel spoke all the words of Yahweh to the people who were requesting a king from him. {{rf{11}}} He said, "This will be the custom of the king who will reign over you: he will take your sons and appoint them to his chariots and his horsemen, and they will run before his chariots. {{rf{12}}} He will appoint for himself commanders of thousands and commanders of fifties, and those to do his plowing and to reap his harvest, and those to make weapons of war and the equipment for his chariots. {{rf{13}}} He will take your daughters as his perfume makers and as cooks and as bakers. {{rf{14}}} He will take the best of your fields and your vineyards and your olive trees and will give them to his servants. {{rf{15}}} He will take a tenth of your seed and your vineyards and give it to his high officials and to his servants. {{rf{16}}} He will take your male slaves and your female slaves and the best of your young men and your donkeys and will use them for his projects. {{rf{17}}} He will take a tenth of your flocks, and you yourselves will become his servants. {{rf{18}}} So you will cry out on that day because of your king whom you have chosen for yourselves, but Yahweh will not answer you on that day!" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-07-15]] }}}
<<Bbl 1S 8:3 abbr >>	Samuel's sons are precisely different from Eli's sons.  The former were insolent bullies, gluttonous, sexually wicked.  But the latter are more refined and crafty.  They're going for the money, using their power to extort, making their threats in secret.
8:7-9   The true meaning of [[Reject]], and possibly a word of comfort for [[Samuel]]; see <<Bbl J 15:18 >>-21 .  "Now you know the pain I have felt, Samuel."  The request of the people is equated with [[Idolatry]].  Samuel's identification with the grief of God is also shown in 15:11,35.
<<Bbl 1S 8:13 abbr >>ff	Samuel's description really matches only the good times to come.  There were to be many bad times, too; the daughters of Israel would be put to much worse bondage than making cookies and purfume.  Samuel seems not to imagine a standing army -- yet he was one day to anoint David, who sinned by counting his soldiers.  
8:15-17 A tithe, that which had been reserved for the Lord.
8:19    A faint foreshadow of the crowd before Pilate -- //Caesar is our king!//
8:20    Something, please, a bit more reliable than the ark of God in chapter four.
8:21    Prayer.  //Oh Lord, they said this, and I replied thus, and then they said that!//  The intermediary, the priest.

The main theme of Samuel's meeting with Saul is favor.  There are many supernatural tokens.  Notice Samuel talks about the family's concern for the donkeys shifting to concern for Saul using words that quote Saul.  The whole point is to affirm to Saul his charge, and the charge is all glory, all confidence, and just one other thing -- an instruction to wait for Samuel before eating.  

9:9	The precise detail in this paragraph even explains vocabulary.
<<Bbl 1S 9:13 abbr >>    //those who are invited will eat// -- of which, in the counsel of God, Saul himself is foremost (<<Bbl 1S 9:19 abbr>>)!  Find here also a foreshadowing of Saul's impatience, born of doubt-filled anxiety and self-will, followed by sternest reproof in <<Bbl 1S 13:8abbr >>-11.

<<Bbl 1S 10:7 abbr >>    Full trust and rein (reign) from the beginning.
10:12   see <<Bbl 1S 19:24 abbr >>
10:25   Perhaps a civil-government rendering of the Law  --  doubtless providing for some of the "procedure" described in 8:9-17.
10:27   But apparently, unlike Samuel, their trust isn't in the Lord either.
 {{rf{19}}} However, the people refused to listen to the voice of Samuel and they said, "No, but there must be a king over us, {{rf{20}}} so that we also may be like all the nations, and our king may rule us and go out before us and fight our battles." {{rf{21}}} Now when Samuel heard all the words of the people, he repeated them in the ears of Yahweh. {{rf{22}}} Then Yahweh said to Samuel, "Listen to their voice, and appoint a king for them." So Samuel spoke to the men of Israel, "Each of you go to his own town." {{rf big{1}}} Now there was a man from Benjamin whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Becorath, the son of Aphiah, the son of a Benjaminite, a very wealthy man. {{rf{2}}} He had a son whose name was Saul, a young and handsome man. There was not a man from the Israelites more handsome than he was; from his shoulders up, he was taller than all the people. {{rf{3}}} Now the female donkeys of Kish the father of Saul got lost, and Kish said to Saul his son, "Please take one of the servants with you and get up; go and seek the female donkeys." {{rf{4}}} So he passed through the hill country of Ephraim; he passed through the land of Shalisha but they did not find them. They passed through the land of Shaalim but they were not there. He passed through the land of Benjamin but did not find them. {{rf{5}}} When they entered the land of Zuph, Saul said to his servant who was with him, "Come, let us return, lest my father cease caring about the female donkeys and worry about us!" {{rf{6}}} But he said to him, "Look, a man of God is in this town, and the man is honored. All that he says certainly comes true. So then let us go there; perhaps he will tell us about our journey on which we have gone." {{rf{7}}} So Saul said to his servant, "Look, we may go, but what should we bring to the man? For the bread is gone from our bags, and there is no present to bring to the man of God. What do we have with us?" {{rf{8}}} The servant again answered Saul and said, "Look, I have in my hand a quarter shekel of silver! I will give it to the man of God so that he will tell us our way." {{rf{9}}} (Formerly in Israel, when a man went to inquire of God, he would say: "Come, let us go up to the seer." For the prophet of today was formerly called a seer.) {{rf{10}}} So Saul said to his servant, "Your suggestion is a good one. Come, let us go." And they went to the town where the man of God was. {{rf{11}}} They were going up the ascent of the town when they found young women going out to draw water. They said to them, "Is there the seer here?" {{rf{12}}} They answered them and said, "There is. Look, he is just in front of you! Hurry now, because he has come to the town today, because there is a sacrifice for the people today at the high place. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-08-19]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} As soon as you enter the town, you will find him, before he goes up to the high place to eat. For the people will not eat until he comes, because he must bless the sacrifice. Then afterward the invited guests will eat. So then, go up, because you will find him today!" {{rf{14}}} So they went up to the town. As they were entering into the middle of the town, Samuel was coming forth to meet them, to go up to the high place. {{rf{15}}} Now Yahweh had revealed this to Samuel the day before Saul arrived, saying, {{rf{16}}} "This time tomorrow I will send to you a man from the land of Benjamin, and you must anoint him as leader over my people Israel. He will deliver my people from the hand of the Philistines. For I have seen the suffering of my people, because their cry of distress has come to me." {{rf{17}}} When Samuel saw Saul, Yahweh answered him, "Here is the man about whom I told you! This is the one who will govern my people." {{rf{18}}} Then Saul approached Samuel in the middle of the gate and said, "Please tell me, where is the house of the seer?" {{rf{19}}} Samuel answered Saul and said, "I am the seer. Go up ahead of me to the high place, and you will eat with me today; then I will send you away in the morning. I will tell you all that is on your mind. {{rf{20}}} And as for your female donkeys that were lost three days ago, do not be concerned about them, because they have been found. For whom is all the desire of Israel? Is it not for you and for all the house of your father?" {{rf{21}}} Saul answered and said, "Am I not a Benjaminite, from the smallest of the tribes of Israel, and my family the humblest of all the families of the tribes of Benjamin? Why do you speak to me in this way?" {{rf{22}}} So Samuel took Saul and his servant and brought them to a room in the building and gave them a place at the head of the invited guests. There were about thirty men. {{rf{23}}} Then Samuel said to the cook, "Bring the portion that I gave to you, about which I said to you, 'Keep it with you.'" {{rf{24}}} So the cook took up the shank and what was on it and put it before Saul, and he said, "Look, the saved portion is placed before you -- eat, because it has been kept for you for the appointed time," and he said, "I have invited the people." So Saul ate with Samuel that day. {{rf{25}}} When they came down from the high place to the town, he spoke with Saul on the roof. {{rf{26}}} They got up early, and as dawn was breaking, Samuel called to Saul on the roof, saying, "Get up, so that I can send you away." So Saul got up and the two of them, he and Samuel, went outside. {{rf{27}}} As they were going down to the outskirts of the town, Samuel said to Saul, "Tell the servant to pass on before us. When he has passed, you stand here a while, so that I can make known to you the word of God." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-09-13]] }}}
Then Samuel took a flask of oil and poured it over his head and kissed him and said, "Has not Yahweh anointed you as leader over his inheritance? {{rf{2}}} As you go from with me today, you will find two men near the burial site of Rachel in the territory of Benjamin at Zelzah. They will say to you, 'The female donkeys that you went to search for have been found.' Now look, your father is no longer concerned about the female donkeys and has begun worrying about you, saying, 'What should I do about my son?' {{rf{3}}} Then you will go on from there and further you will come to the oak of Tabor. There three men will meet you, who are going up to God at Bethel. One will be carrying three male kid goats, one will be carrying three loaves of bread, and one will be carrying a skin of wine. {{rf{4}}} They will ask how you are doing and will give you two loaves, which you will take from their hand. {{rf{5}}} After this, you will come to the Gibeah of God, where there are sentries of the Philistines. Just as you enter the town there, you will meet a procession of prophets coming down from the high place, with harp, tambourine, flute, and zither before them, and they will be prophesying. {{rf{6}}} Then the Spirit of Yahweh will rush upon you, and you will prophesy with them; and you will turn into a different person. {{rf{7}}} When these signs come to you, do for yourself what your hand finds to do, for God will be with you. {{rf{8}}} Then you will go down before me to Gilgal. Look, I am coming down to you to offer burnt offerings and to make fellowship offerings. You must wait seven days until I come to you. Then I will let you know what you should do." {{rf{9}}} Just as he turned his shoulder to depart from Samuel, God changed his heart. And all these signs were fulfilled on that day. {{rf{10}}} When they went from there to Gibeah, a procession of prophets met him, and the Spirit of God rushed upon him, and he prophesied among them. {{rf{11}}} And when all who knew him formerly saw that he prophesied with prophets, the people said to one another, "What is this that has happened to the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?" {{rf{12}}} And a man from there responded and said, "And who is their father?" Therefore it became a proverb: "Is Saul also among the prophets?" {{rf{13}}} When he finished prophesying, he went to the high place. {{rf{14}}} Then Saul's uncle said to him and to his servant, "Where did you go?" And he said, "To search for the female donkeys; and when we saw none, we went to Samuel." {{rf{15}}} So Saul's uncle said to him, "Please tell me, what did Samuel say to you?" {{rf{16}}} Then Saul said to his uncle, "He told us for certain that the female donkeys had been found." But he did not tell him about the matter of the kingship of which Samuel had spoken. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-10-01]] }}}
 {{rf{17}}} Then Samuel summoned the people to Yahweh at Mizpah, {{rf{18}}} and he said to the Israelites, "Thus says Yahweh the God of Israel: 'I brought Israel up from Egypt, and I delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians and from the hand of all the kingdoms that were oppressing you.' {{rf{19}}} But you today have rejected your God who always delivers you from all of your calamities and your distresses. You have said to him, 'No, but you must appoint a king over us!' So then present yourselves before Yahweh by your tribes and by your clans." {{rf{20}}} So Samuel brought near all the tribes of Israel, and the tribe of Benjamin was selected by lot. {{rf{21}}} Then he brought near the tribe of Benjamin according to its families, and the family of Matri was selected by lot. Then Saul the son of Kish was chosen, and they sought him, but he could not be found. {{rf{22}}} So they inquired again of Yahweh, "Did the man come here?" And Yahweh said, "Look, he is hiding himself among the baggage." {{rf{23}}} So they ran and took him from there, and when he took his stand among the people, he was taller than all the people from his shoulders and up. {{rf{24}}} Then Samuel said to all the people, "Do you see him whom Yahweh has chosen? For there is no one like him among all the people!" And all the people shouted and said, "Long live the king!" {{rf{25}}} Then Samuel told the people the custom of the kingship, and he wrote the rules down on a scroll and laid it before Yahweh. Then Samuel sent all the people away, each to his own house. {{rf{26}}} And Saul also went to his house at Gibeah, and the troops whose hearts God had touched went with him. {{rf{27}}} However, some worthless men said, "How can this man deliver us?" So they despised him and brought no gift to him, but he kept silent. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-10-17]] }}}
Now Nahash the Ammonite went up and encamped against Jabesh Gilead. All the men of Jabesh said to Nahash, "Make a treaty with us and we will serve you." {{rf{2}}} But Nahash the Ammonite said to them, "On this condition I will make a treaty with you, by gouging out the right eye of each of you, so that I can make it a disgrace for all Israel." {{rf{3}}} So the elders of Jabesh said to him, "Leave us alone for seven days so that we may send messengers in all the territory of Israel, and if there is no deliverer for us, then we will come out to you." {{rf{4}}} When the messengers came to Gibeah of Saul, they reported these things to the people. Then all the people lifted up their voices and wept. {{rf{5}}} Just then, Saul was coming from the field behind the cattle. Saul said, "What is the matter with the people, that they are weeping?" So they recounted to him the words of the men of Jabesh. {{rf{6}}} Then the Spirit of God rushed upon Saul when he heard these words, and he became very angry. {{rf{7}}} So he took a yoke of oxen and cut them into pieces and sent them throughout all the territory of Israel by the hand of the messengers, saying, "Whoever is not going out after Saul and after Samuel, so will it be done to his oxen." Then the fear of Yahweh fell on the people and they went out as one man. {{rf{8}}} He mustered them at Bezek; the Israelites were three hundred thousand, and the men of Judah were thirty thousand. {{rf{9}}} They said to the messengers who had come, "Thus you will say to the men of Jabesh Gilead: 'Tomorrow deliverance for you will come when the sun is hot.'" When the messengers went and told the men of Jabesh, they rejoiced. {{rf{10}}} The men of Jabesh said, "Tomorrow we will come out to you and you may do to us whatever seems good to you." {{rf{11}}} And the next day Saul placed the people in three divisions. Then they came into the middle of the camp at the early morning watch and struck down the Ammonites until the heat of the day. It happened that the remainder were scattered so that no two among them remained together. {{rf{12}}} Then the people said to Samuel, "Who is the one who asked, 'Will Saul reign over us?' Give the men to us that we may kill them." {{rf{13}}} But Saul said, "No one will be put to death on this day, because today Yahweh has provided deliverance in Israel." {{rf{14}}} Then Samuel said to the people, "Come, let us go to Gilgal, and let us renew the kingship there." {{rf{15}}} So all the people went to Gilgal and they made Saul king there before Yahweh in Gilgal. They sacrificed fellowship offerings there before Yahweh. Then Saul rejoiced there greatly along with all the men of Israel. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-11-01]] }}}
<<Bbl 1S 11:1 abbr >>	Saul invokes the name of Samuel.  How cheap is that?
11:8	The very first-ever mention of Israel and Judah as distinct?  And with a census that shows a ten-to-one population.

<<Bbl 1S 11:12 abbr >>-15    So like David does Saul behave in this verse.
11:14   The history of Gilgal ("rolling") is significant here.

12  Samuel's sermon.
12:3-5  Compare Moses' statement, <<Bbl Num 16:15 >>.  And Paul, <<Bbl 2C 7:2 >>.
12:12 – a curious sequence.  Nahash, chapter 11; the request for a king, chapter 8.
<<Bbl 1S 12:14 abbr >>   Against the idea of the king as federal spiritual head.
12:18	This is Samuel's "Mount Carmel moment."  But he is dealing with immaturity rather than entrenched rebellion.
12:21   i.e., idols ??

13:2    Israel's first standing army, though tiny -- a bodyguard.
13:6    i.e., wherever they could!
<<Bbl 1S 13:9 abbr >>ff  Saul's first error and calamity, and the first test of his leadership and power.  When some are abandoning him the temptation comes  --  just as it did for Jesus, and Paul also, the temptation to rely on man.  Contrast 30:6
13:13   This book usually provides a full introduction to any event.
13:14   David is introduced, next reference 15:28.

14:16   see 13:8
<<Bbl 1S 14:24 abbr >>   To bind up the whole nation under an [[Vow]] seems as presumptious as it is unprecedented.
14:27   The ironic result of earlier events.  The same victory caused the inspiration for the oath and the absence of Jonathon resulting in its violation.
14:29   A true statement  --  with a yet more dire fulfillment impending.
14:33   In their zeal not to sin against Saul, they sin against God's law.
14:40   Nervously I'm sure.

15:15	What a picture of fake holiness, selective holiness.
15:21   Blame-laying.
{{holyquote{
15.22:  Samuel said, "Has Yahweh as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of Yahweh? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to listen than the fat of rams. 15.23 For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as idolatry and teraphim. 
}}}
<<Bbl 1S 15:24 abbr >>   Man-pleasing seems to be at the root of Saul's downfall.
15:28   see 13:14
15:32	Agag proposes //the bitterness of death is past//, but Samuel responds that it is not at all past -- the bitterness of Agag's crimes is now to be avenged through Agag's own bitter death. 

Saul never took in the purpose of the enterprise -- vengeance, the expression of God's wrath.  Samuel's exploit shows how fully he was controlled by that purpose.  Every soldier must have felt mortified to see good Samuel forced to do the warrior's horrible work.  
Then Samuel said to all Israel, "Look, I have listened to your voice regarding all that you have said to me, so I have set a king over you. {{rf{2}}} And so then here is the king walking about before you. Now I am old and gray, but my sons (look at them!) are with you; and I have walked about before you from my youth until this day. {{rf{3}}} Here I am! Testify against me before Yahweh and before his anointed one! Whose ox have I taken? Or whose donkey have I taken? Or whom have I exploited? Whom have I oppressed? Or from whose hand have I taken a bribe, that I may shut my eyes regarding him?-then I will restore it to you." {{rf{4}}} Then they said, "You have not exploited us or oppressed us, and you have not taken anything from the hand of anyone." {{rf{5}}} So he said to them, "Yahweh is witness against you, and his anointed one is witness this day, that you have not found anything in my hand." Then they said, "He is witness." {{rf{6}}} Then Samuel said to the people, "Yahweh is witness, who appointed Moses and Aaron, and who brought your ancestors up from the land of Egypt. {{rf{7}}} So then take your stand, so that I may judge you before Yahweh with regard to all the deeds of justice of Yahweh that he performed with both you and your ancestors. {{rf{8}}} "When Jacob came to Egypt, your ancestors cried out to Yahweh, so he sent Moses and Aaron, and they brought your ancestors out from Egypt and settled them in this place. {{rf{9}}} But they forgot Yahweh their God, so he sold them into the hand of Sisera, commander of the hosts of Hazor, and into the hand of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab, and they fought against them. {{rf{10}}} So they cried out to Yahweh and said, 'We have sinned, because we have forsaken Yahweh and have served the Baals and the Ashtoreths. But now deliver us from the hand of our enemies and we will serve you!' {{rf{11}}} So Yahweh sent Jerub-Baal and Bedan and Jephthah and Samuel. Then he delivered you from the hand of your enemies all around, and you lived in security. {{rf{12}}} "And when you saw that Nahash, the king of the Ammonites, was coming against you, you said to me, 'No! A king shall reign over us,' although Yahweh your God is your king. {{rf{13}}} So then look! Here is the king you have chosen, for whom you have asked! Look, Yahweh has placed a king over you! {{rf{14}}} If you will fear Yahweh, and serve him, and listen to his voice, and not be rebellious against what Yahweh says, and both you and the king who rules over you will follow after Yahweh your God, all will be well. {{rf{15}}} But, if you do not listen to the voice of Yahweh, and you rebel against what Yahweh says, then the hand of Yahweh will be against you as it was against your ancestors. {{rf{16}}} So then take your stand again and see this great thing that Yahweh is going to do before your eyes. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-12-01]] }}}
 {{rf{17}}} Is the wheat harvest not today? I will call out to Yahweh so that he still sends thunder and rain, so that you will know and will see that your wickedness is great that you have done in the eyes of Yahweh by asking for a king for yourselves." {{rf{18}}} So Samuel called out to Yahweh, and Yahweh brought thunder and rain that same day, so all the people feared Yahweh and Samuel greatly. {{rf{19}}} Then all the people said to Samuel, "Pray for your servants to Yahweh your God so that we will not die, because we have added to all our sins by requesting a king for ourselves." {{rf{20}}} And Samuel said to the people, "Do not fear! You have done all this evil; only do not turn aside from following Yahweh. But you must serve Yahweh with all your heart. {{rf{21}}} And do not turn aside after the triviality, which have no value and cannot deliver, for they are triviality. {{rf{22}}} For Yahweh will not forsake his people for the sake of his great name, because Yahweh has decided to make you his own people. {{rf{23}}} Also, as for me, far be it from me that I should sin against Yahweh by ceasing to pray for you! I will instruct you in the good and righteous way. {{rf{24}}} Only fear Yahweh and serve him faithfully with all of your heart. For consider what great things he has done for you. {{rf{25}}} But if you continue to do wickedness, both you and your king will be swept away." {{rf big{1}}} Saul was thirty years old at the beginning of his reign, and he reigned forty-two years over Israel. {{rf{2}}} He chose for himself three thousand from Israel. Two thousand of these were with Saul at Micmash in the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan at Gibeah in Benjamin. He sent away the rest of the people, each to his tent. {{rf{3}}} Jonathan defeated the garrison of the Philistines that was at Geba, and the Philistines heard about it. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, "Let the Hebrews hear!" {{rf{4}}} And all Israel did hear, saying, "Saul has defeated the garrison of the Philistines; and also, Israel has become a stench among the Philistines!" So the people were called out after Saul at Gilgal. {{rf{5}}} And the Philistines assembled to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen and an army as numerous as sand which is on the seashore. And they came up and encamped at Micmash, east of Beth Aven. {{rf{6}}} When the men of Israel saw that it was too difficult for them, because the army was hard pressed, the people hid themselves in the caves, in the thorn bushes, in the cliffs, in the vaults and in the wells. {{rf{7}}} Some of the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. But Saul was still at Gilgal, and all the army followed him trembling. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-12-17]] }}}
 {{rf{8}}} He waited seven days according to the appointed time Samuel determined, but Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and the army started to slip away from him. {{rf{9}}} So Saul said, "Bring here to me the burnt offering and the fellowship offerings." Then he offered up the burnt offering. {{rf{10}}} Just as he finished offering the burnt sacrifice, Samuel was coming. So Saul went out to meet him and to bless him. {{rf{11}}} But Samuel said, "What have you done?" Saul said, "Because I saw that the army was scattering from me and you did not come at the appointed time and that the Philistines had gathered at Micmash, {{rf{12}}} therefore I said, 'Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not yet implored the face of Yahweh.' So I forced myself and offered the burnt offering." {{rf{13}}} Then Samuel said to Saul, "You have behaved foolishly! You have not kept the command of Yahweh your God which he commanded you. For then, Yahweh would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. {{rf{14}}} But now, your kingdom will not endure. Yahweh has sought for himself a man according to his own heart, and Yahweh has appointed him as leader over his people, because you have not kept what Yahweh commanded you." {{rf{15}}} Then Samuel got up and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul mustered the people who were found with him, about six hundred men. {{rf{16}}} Saul and Jonathan his son and the army that remained with them were staying in Geba of Benjamin, and the Philistines encamped at Micmash. {{rf{17}}} The raiders went out from the camp of the Philistines in three divisions. One division turned on the road to Ophrah toward the land of Shual. {{rf{18}}} One division turned on the road to Beth Horon, and one turned on the road toward the border overlooking the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. {{rf{19}}} Now no skilled craftsman could be found in all the land of Israel, for the Philistines had said, "So that the Hebrews cannot make swords or spears for themselves." {{rf{20}}} So all Israel went down to the Philistines, each to have his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, and his iron plowshare sharpened. {{rf{21}}} The charge was two-thirds of a shekel for the plowshare and for the mattock, and a third of a shekel for the pick and for the axe, and to set the goading sticks. {{rf{22}}} So on the day of battle, there was not a sword or a spear found in the hands of all the army that was with Saul and Jonathan, but Saul and his son Jonathan had them. {{rf{23}}} Now the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Micmash. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-13-08]] }}}
One day Jonathan the son of Saul said to his armor bearer, "Come and let us go over to the garrison of the Philistines which is over there." But he did not tell his father. {{rf{2}}} Now Saul was staying at the outskirts of Gibeah under the pomegranate tree that was in Migron, and the troops that were with him were about six hundred men. {{rf{3}}} Now Ahijah, the son of Ahitub (the brother of Ichabod), the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli the priest of Yahweh at Shiloh, was carrying an ephod. The troops did not know that Jonathan had gone. {{rf{4}}} Now between the passes where Jonathan sought to go over to the garrison of the Philistines there was a crag of rock on one side and a crag of rock on the other. The name of the one was Bozez and the name of the other was Seneh. {{rf{5}}} The one crag on the north was opposite Micmash and the other on the south was opposite Geba. {{rf{6}}} So Jonathan said to his armor bearer, "Come, let us go over to the garrisons of these uncircumcised; perhaps Yahweh will act for us, for there is no hindrance for Yahweh to save by many or by few." {{rf{7}}} And his armor bearer said, "Do all that is in your heart that you are inclined to do. I am with you all of the way! {{rf{8}}} Then Jonathan said, "Look, we are about to go over to the men; and we will show ourselves to them. {{rf{9}}} If they say to us: 'Wait until we reach you,' then we will stand as we are and not go up to them. {{rf{10}}} But if they say, 'Come up to us,' then we will go up, for Yahweh has given them into our hand, and this will be the sign for us." {{rf{11}}} So the two of them showed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines, and the Philistines said, "The Hebrews are coming out from the holes in which they have hidden themselves." {{rf{12}}} Then the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his armor bearer, "Come up to us and we will show you something!" Then Jonathan said to his armor bearer, "Come up after me, for Yahweh has given them into the hand of Israel!" {{rf{13}}} So Jonathan went up on his hands and his feet, with his armor bearer after him. They fell before Jonathan and then his armor bearer would kill them after him. {{rf{14}}} So was the first attack in which Jonathan and his armor bearer killed about twenty men within about half of a furrow in an acre of an open field. {{rf{15}}} Then there was terror in the camp, in the open field, and among all the army of the garrison. Even the raiders trembled. The earth shook, and it became a very great panic. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-14-01]] }}}
 {{rf{16}}} And the lookouts of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin saw that the multitude surged back and forth. {{rf{17}}} Saul said to the troops that were with him, "Please call the roll and see who has gone from us." So they called the roll and found that Jonathan and his armor bearer were not present. {{rf{18}}} Then Saul said to Ahijah, "Bring near the ark of God" (for the ark of God was at that time with the Israelites). {{rf{19}}} While Saul was still speaking to the priest, the tumult in the camp of the Philistines increased more and more, so Saul said to the priest, "Withdraw your hand!" {{rf{20}}} Then Saul and all the troops who were with him were assembled on command and came up to the battle, and look! Each Philistine's sword was against his friend; and there was a very great confusion. {{rf{21}}} The Hebrews who had been for the Philistines previously, who had gone up with them into the camp all around, even they joined the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan. {{rf{22}}} All the men of Israel who had hidden themselves in the hill country of Ephraim heard that the Philistines had fled, so even they pursued them closely in the battle. {{rf{23}}} So on that day Yahweh delivered Israel, and the battle shifted to Beth Aven. {{rf{24}}} Now the men of Israel were hard pressed on that day, because Saul had made the army take an oath, saying, "Cursed be the man who eats any food until evening, when I will have avenged myself on my enemies!" So none of the army tasted any food. {{rf{25}}} (Now all the people of the land used to go into the forest, for there was honey on the surface of the ground.) {{rf{26}}} When the army came to the forest, look! There was honey flowing, but no one put his hand to his mouth, for the army was afraid of the solemn oath. {{rf{27}}} However, Jonathan had not heard about the oath of his father with the army, so he extended the end of the staff which was in his hand, and he dipped it into the honeycomb. Then he put his hand to his mouth and his eyes gleamed. {{rf{28}}} Then a man from the army informed him and said, "Your father made the army swear a solemn oath, saying, 'Cursed be the man who eats food today,'" so the army is exhausted. {{rf{29}}} Then Jonathan said, "My father has brought trouble on the land! See now that my eyes have brightened because I have tasted a little of this honey. {{rf{30}}} How much more could have been done if the troops had eaten freely today from the plunder of their enemies that they had found! For now the loss among the Philistines is not great." {{rf{31}}} They defeated the Philistines that day from Micmash to Aijalon, and the troops were very weary. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-14-16]] }}}
 {{rf{32}}} Then the troops took the plunder: they took sheep and cattle and calves and slaughtered them on the ground and the troops ate them all with the blood. {{rf{33}}} So they reported it to Saul, saying, "Look! The troops are sinning against Yahweh by eating the animals with the blood!" And he said, "You have dealt treacherously! Roll to me a large stone today!" {{rf{34}}} Then Saul said, "Disperse yourselves among the troops and say to them, 'Bring to me each one his ox and each his sheep and slaughter them in this place and eat, but do not sin against Yahweh by eating the animals with the blood.'" So all the troops brought them, each leading his ox in his hand that night, and slaughtered it there. {{rf{35}}} Then Saul built an altar to Yahweh; it was the first altar he built to Yahweh. {{rf{36}}} Saul said, "Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and let us plunder them until the morning light, and let us not leave alive a man among them." So they said, "Do all that is good in your eyes." But the priest said, "Let us draw near to God here." {{rf{37}}} So Saul inquired of God, "Should I go down after the Philistines? Will you give them into the hand of Israel?" But he did not answer him on that day. {{rf{38}}} Then Saul said, "Come here, all you leaders of the people, so that we find out what the sin was this day. {{rf{39}}} For as Yahweh lives, who delivers Israel, I swear that even if it is in Jonathan my son, he will certainly die!" But nobody from all the army answered him. {{rf{40}}} Then he said to all Israel, "You will be on one side, and I and my son Jonathan will be on the other." And the army said to Saul, "Do what is good in your eyes." {{rf{41}}} Then Saul said to Yahweh the God of Israel, "Render a decision perfectly." Jonathan and Saul were chosen by lot and the people went out. {{rf{42}}} Then Saul said, "Let them cast the lot between me and my son Jonathan," and Jonathan was chosen. {{rf{43}}} So Saul said, "Tell me what you have done." So Jonathan told him and said, "I merely tasted a little honey with the end of the staff that was in my hand. Here I am, I must die." {{rf{44}}} Then Saul said, "So may God do to me and more, you will certainly die today, Jonathan!" {{rf{45}}} But the army said to Saul, "Must Jonathan die, who accomplished this great victory in Israel? Far from it! As Yahweh lives, not a hair from his head will fall to the ground, for he has worked with God this day." So the army ransomed Jonathan and he did not die. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-14-32]] }}}
 {{rf{46}}} Saul went up from pursuing the Philistines, and the Philistines went to their place. {{rf{47}}} So Saul took the kingship over Israel, and he fought all around against his enemies, against Moab, against the Ammonites, against Edom, against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines. He inflicted punishment against all who rebelled. {{rf{48}}} He acted bravely and defeated the Amalekites and rescued Israel from the hand of those who plundered it. {{rf{49}}} Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, Ishvi, and Malki-Shua; the names of his two daughters were as follows: the name of the firstborn was Merab and the younger was Michal. {{rf{50}}} The name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz, and the name of the commander of his army was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle. {{rf{51}}} Now Kish was the father of Saul, but Ner, the father of Abner, was the son of Abiel. {{rf{52}}} Warfare was severe against the Philistines all the days of Saul. Whenever Saul saw anyone who was a mighty warrior or any brave man, he conscripted him into his service. {{rf big{1}}} Then Samuel said to Saul, "Yahweh sent me to anoint you as king over his people Israel. So then, listen to the words of Yahweh! {{rf{2}}} Thus says Yahweh of hosts: 'I have observed what Amalek did to Israel, how he opposed him when he went up from Egypt. {{rf{3}}} So then, go and attack Amalek and utterly destroy all that is his! You must not spare him, but kill both man and woman, both child and nursing infant, both ox and sheep, both camel and donkey.'" {{rf{4}}} Saul summoned the army and mustered them at Telaim; two hundred thousand foot soldiers and ten thousand men of Judah. {{rf{5}}} Then Saul came up to the city of Amalek and set an ambush in the wadi. {{rf{6}}} Saul said to the Kenites, "Go, leave! Withdraw from among the Amalekites so that I do not destroy you with them. You have shown loyal love to all the Israelites when they came up from Egypt." So the Kenites left from among the Amalekites. {{rf{7}}} Then Saul defeated the Amalekites from Havilah as one goes to Shur which is east of Egypt. {{rf{8}}} He captured Agag the king of Amalek alive, but all the people he utterly destroyed with the edge of the sword. {{rf{9}}} However, Saul and the army spared Agag and the best of the sheep and the cattle and the second best of the young fatlings and all that was valuable; they were not willing to utterly destroy them. But all the possessions that were despised or worthless, they utterly destroyed. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-14-46]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} Then the word of Yahweh came to Samuel, saying, {{rf{11}}} "I regret that I made Saul king, for he has turned back from following me and has not kept my word." Samuel became angry, and he cried out to Yahweh all night. {{rf{12}}} Then Samuel got up early in the morning to meet Saul. Samuel was told, "Saul has gone to Carmel, and look, he is setting up a monument for himself." Then he turned around and crossed over and went down to Gilgal. {{rf{13}}} When Samuel came to Saul, Saul said to him, "May you be blessed by Yahweh! I have kept the word of Yahweh." {{rf{14}}} But Samuel said, "Then what is this bleating of the sheep that I hear in my ears and the lowing of the cattle that I am hearing?" {{rf{15}}} Saul said, "They have brought them from the Amalekites; the troops spared the best of the sheep and the cattle in order to sacrifice them to Yahweh your God. But the rest we have utterly destroyed." {{rf{16}}} Then Samuel said to Saul, "Stop and let me tell you what Yahweh said to me last night." So he said to him, "Speak." {{rf{17}}} Samuel said, "Even though you are small in your own eyes, are you not the head of the tribes of Israel? Yahweh has anointed you as king over Israel. {{rf{18}}} When Yahweh sent you on your way, he said to you: 'Go! You must utterly destroy the sinners, the Amalekites, and you must fight against them until you have destroyed them.' {{rf{19}}} Why did you not listen to the voice of Yahweh and fall with shouting on the plunder? You have done evil in the sight of Yahweh!" {{rf{20}}} Then Saul said to Samuel, "I have listened to the voice of Yahweh, and I have gone on the way that Yahweh sent me! I brought Agag the king of Amalek, and the Amalekites I have utterly destroyed. {{rf{21}}} The troops took from the plunder, sheep and cattle, the best of the things devoted to destruction, to sacrifice to Yahweh your God at Gilgal." {{rf{22}}} Then Samuel said, "Is there as much delight for Yahweh in burnt offerings and sacrifices as there is in obeying Yahweh? Look! To obey is better than sacrifice; to give heed than the fat of rams. {{rf{23}}} For rebellion is like the sin of divination; arrogance is like iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of Yahweh, he has rejected you from being king!" {{rf{24}}} Then Saul said to Samuel, "I have sinned because I have transgressed the commandment of Yahweh and your words, for I feared the troops and I listened to their voice. {{rf{25}}} So then, please pardon my sin and return with me so that I can worship Yahweh." {{rf{26}}} But Samuel said to Saul, "I will not return with you, for you have rejected the word of Yahweh, and he has rejected you from being king over Israel!" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-15-10]] }}}
 {{rf{27}}} As Samuel turned around to go, he caught hold of the hem of his robe, and it tore. {{rf{28}}} Then Samuel said to him, "Yahweh has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today and has given it to your neighbor who is better than you. {{rf{29}}} Moreover, the Glory of Israel will not break faith and will not regret, for he is not a human that he should regret." {{rf{30}}} Then he said, "I have sinned! Now please honor me before the elders of my people and before Israel, and return with me so that I can worship Yahweh your God." {{rf{31}}} So Samuel returned after Saul, and Saul worshiped Yahweh. {{rf{32}}} Then Samuel said, "Bring Agag the king of Amalek out to me!" Agag came to him confidently, for Agag thought, "Surely the bitterness of death is over." {{rf{33}}} Samuel said, "Just as your sword bereaved women, so will your mother be bereaved among women!" Then Samuel hacked Agag to pieces in the presence of Yahweh at Gilgal. {{rf{34}}} Then Samuel went to Ramah and Saul went up to his house in Gibeah of Saul. {{rf{35}}} Samuel did not see Saul again until the day of his death, but Samuel mourned over Saul, and Yahweh regretted that he made Saul king over Israel. {{rf big{1}}} Then Yahweh said to Samuel, "How long will you mourn about Saul? I have rejected him from being king over Israel! Fill up your horn with oil and go. I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have chosen a king for myself among his sons." {{rf{2}}} But Samuel said, "How can I go? If Saul hears, he will kill me." Yahweh said, "You must take a heifer from the herd with you, and you must say, 'I have come to sacrifice to Yahweh.' {{rf{3}}} You will invite Jesse to the sacrifice and I will make known to you what you must do. You will anoint for me the one whom I tell you." {{rf{4}}} So Samuel did what Yahweh said. He came to Bethlehem, and the elders of the city came trembling to meet him. They said, "Have you come in peace?" {{rf{5}}} He said, "I come in peace. I have come to sacrifice to Yahweh. Sanctify yourselves and come with me to the sacrifice." So he sanctified Jesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice. {{rf{6}}} When they came, he saw Eliab and said, "Surely his anointed one is before Yahweh!" {{rf{7}}} But Yahweh said to Samuel, "Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have rejected him. For God does not see what man sees, for a man looks on the outward appearance, but Yahweh looks on the heart." {{rf{8}}} Then Jesse called Abinadab and made him pass before Samuel, and he said, "This one also Yahweh has not chosen." {{rf{9}}} So Jesse made Shammah pass before Samuel, but he said, "Yahweh also has not chosen this one." {{rf{10}}} And Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel, but Samuel said to Jesse, "Yahweh has not chosen any of these." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-15-27]] }}}
16:1	Introduction of David as Jesse's son.  Similar to the intro <<Bbl 1S 17:12 abbr >>.
<<Bbl 1S 16:6 abbr >>    Samuel's natural expectation after the time he found Saul  --  vss. 1-5 seem to allude to that precedent.
16:7    see <<Bbl I 11:3 >>; <<Bbl J 7:24 >>, <<Bbl J 8:15 >>
<<Bbl 1S 16:13 abbr>>b-14 compares with <<Bbl 1S 18:12 abbr>>.
<<Bbl 1S 16:18 abbr >>   Saul was interested in valiant men anyway, see 14:52, also <<Bbl Pr 18:16 >>, <<Bbl Pr 22:29 >>.
16:23	The man who will ease Samuel's torment is none other than the //sweet psalmist of Isael// (<<Bbl 2S 23:2>>).  But the same anointing that gives relief will also provoke a spirit of murder, for Saul's ungodly heart will not tolerate such worship.  

Eliab is the one Samuel first is drawn too.  God says: not him, for I look at the heart.  David has the right heart.  Later Eliab accosts David.  Eliab accuses him of having a bad heart.  In doing this, Eliab reveals his own bad heart -- vindicating God's choice as given to Samuel.  This is Satan -- giving the accusation, and not just anywhere, but at the point of truth and relevance.  

At the time Eliab accosts David, he is sharing the shame of Israel's army and feeling nettled about it. And perhaps he still seethes at being passed over -- the oldest son for the eighth and youngest.

<<Bbl 1S 17:4 abbr >>	Representative combat. "Ding ding ding!"
<<Bbl 1S 17:29 abbr >>-30    A kingly response.
17:34-37    First his part, then God's.
17:35   Here he will rescue Israel as he had once rescued a lamb, which says a big thing about God's compassion for us.  See <<Bbl J 10:11 >>-13 , <<Bbl L 16:10 >>, <<Bbl L 19:17 >>.
<<Bbl 1S 17:38 abbr >>   For he loved him, 16:21.  David, as Saul's armor bearer, recognizes the armor (assuming a certain sequence, which may not be correct in fact).  Saul seems utterly without discernment.  Perhaps it is a symbolic gesture.  For after all, it is Saul who should be out there.  He is the one head and shoulders above the rest.  In any case it is most like a pastor who doesn't equip the congregation rightly.  ''More pertinently, it is like the citizens of Jerusalem making Jesus out to be a warrior-king in the flesh.''
17:41   In battle the armor bearer follows.  This is ceremonial.
17:43   i.e., presumably David as a stick.
{{holyquote{
"...And all of this assembly will know that Yahweh does not rescue with sword or with spear, for the battle belongs to Yahweh, and he will give you into our hands!"
}}}
17:45-47    This challenge would have been impossible using Saul's weapons.  Built on the faith of <<Bbl 1S 14:6 abbr>>, it absolutely glorifies God, as Paul does in <<Bbl 1C 2:1 >>-5 .  Note too that as a leader, he hauls the rest in with himself.

17:55-58    Saul seems to be meeting David for the first time.  First, we must observe that this event may precede the onset of Saul's demonic oppression -- when David is suggested as a musician, he is cited as a warrior.  Second, the emphasis here is on whose son this is, which agrees with the context, for the victor has been promised release from taxes //for his father's house//.  He will also receive  the king's daughter as a wife, bringing up the matter of family connections.

<<Bbl 1S 18:1 abbr >>	 [[Israel-DividedKingdom]] 
<<Bbl 1S 18:1 abbr >>    In David's victory of chapter 17, Jonathan recognized the same power at work in his own slaughter of the Philistines (14:1-15).  It's like John the Baptist leaping in the womb.  See 20:17.
18:4    A strong sign of covenant, similar to an incident in Bruce Olsen's Bruchko.  This is the second gift of armor -- David had to turn down the first, from Saul.  So it is better to receive equipment during peace than in duress.
<<Bbl 1S 18:6 abbr >>	The slight against Saul is emphasized by the title //King//.  
18:8-9,12,15,28-29  Saul's fear of David.
18:11   A biography of Saul's spear, or all his weapons, would be interesting as a device to follow his life.  <<Bbl 1S 31:10 abbr >> is the conclusion.
<<Bbl 1S 18:12 abbr>>b-14 compares with <<Bbl 1S 16:13 abbr>>.
18:13   A demotion?  What is meant by the proverb (also vs. 16) ??
18:15	//going out before them// -- with every sortie a victory, every departure naturally became a parade.  Since Saul's hope that David would be killed was frustrated, this was intolerable.  
18:21   Perhaps that David would have additional recognition as royalty?  But see vs. 25.
18:21	This is precisely what David did to Uriah much later.
 {{rf{11}}} Then Samuel said to Jesse, "Are all the young men here?" And he said, "The youngest still remains, but look, he is shepherding the flock." And Samuel said to Jesse, "Send and bring him, for we cannot sit down until he comes here." {{rf{12}}} So he sent and brought him. Now he was ruddy with beautiful eyes and of handsome appearance. And Yahweh said, "Arise, anoint him, for this is he." {{rf{13}}} So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. Then the Spirit of Yahweh rushed upon David from that day on. Then Samuel got up and went to Ramah. {{rf{14}}} Now the Spirit of Yahweh departed from Saul and an evil spirit from Yahweh tormented him. {{rf{15}}} So the servants of Saul said to him, "Look please, an evil spirit from God is tormenting you. {{rf{16}}} Please, let our lord command your servants who are before you! Let them seek a man skilled in playing on the lyre. When the evil spirit from God is upon you, he can play on it and you will feel better." {{rf{17}}} So Saul said to his servants, "Please select a man who plays a stringed instrument well and bring him to me." {{rf{18}}} One of the servants answered and said, "Look, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite who is skillful in playing a stringed instrument, a brave man, a warrior, prudent in speech, and handsome. And Yahweh is with him." {{rf{19}}} So Saul sent messengers to Jesse and said, "Send me David your son who is with the sheep." {{rf{20}}} And Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread and a skin of wine and one young goat and sent them to Saul by the hand of David his son. {{rf{21}}} So David came to Saul and entered his service. He loved him greatly and he became Saul's armor bearer. {{rf{22}}} Then Saul sent word to Jesse, saying, "Please let David stand before me, because he has found favor in my sight." {{rf{23}}} So whenever the evil spirit from God came to Saul, David would take the stringed instrument and play it with his hand. Then it would bring relief for Saul; he would feel better and the evil spirit would depart from him. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-16-11]] }}}
The Philistines gathered their camps for battle and they were gathered at Socoh which belongs to Judah. They camped between Socoh and Azekah in Ephes Dammim. {{rf{2}}} Then Saul and the men of Israel were gathered and encamped in the valley of Elah, and they formed ranks for the battle to meet the Philistines. {{rf{3}}} The Philistines were standing on the hill on one side and the army of Israel was standing on the hill on the other side with the valley between them. {{rf{4}}} Then a champion went out from the camps of the Philistines, whose name was Goliath from Gath. His height was six cubits and a span. {{rf{5}}} A bronze helmet was on his head, and he was clothed with scale body armor; the weight of the body armor was five thousand bronze shekels. {{rf{6}}} Bronze greaves were on his legs, and a bronze javelin was slung between his shoulders. {{rf{7}}} The shaft of his spear was like a weaver's beam and the point of his spear weighed six hundred iron shekels. His shield bearer was walking in front of him. {{rf{8}}} He stood and called to the battle lines of Israel and said to them, "Why have you come out to form ranks for battle? Am I not the Philistine, and you the servants of Saul? Commission for yourselves a man and let him come down to me. {{rf{9}}} If he is able to fight with me and he defeats me, then we will be your servants; but if I prevail over him and defeat him, then you will be our servants and you will serve us." {{rf{10}}} Then the Philistine said, "I hereby defy the battle lines of Israel today! Give me a man so that we may fight each other!" {{rf{11}}} When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and very afraid. {{rf{12}}} Now David was the son of an Ephrathite. This man was from Bethlehem of Judah, and his name was Jesse. He had eight sons; in the days of Saul this man was old, yet he still walked among the men. {{rf{13}}} The three oldest sons of Jesse had gone and followed Saul to the battle. The names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, his second oldest was Abinadab, and the third was Shammah. {{rf{14}}} Now David was the youngest. The three oldest followed Saul, {{rf{15}}} but David went back and forth from Saul to feed the sheep of his father in Bethlehem. {{rf{16}}} Now the Philistine came forward early and late, and he took his stand for forty days. {{rf{17}}} Then Jesse said to his son David, "Please take for your brothers an ephah of this roasted grain and these ten loaves of bread, and bring them quickly to the camp for your brothers. {{rf{18}}} And these ten portions of cheese you will bring to the commander of the thousand; find out how your brothers are doing, and take their pledge." {{rf{19}}} Now Saul and they and all the men of Israel were in the valley of Elah fighting the Philistines. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-17-01]] }}}
David rose early in the morning and left the sheep with a keeper, and he took the provisions and went as Jesse had commanded him. He came to the encampment while the troops were going to the battle line, and they raised the war cry. {{rf{21}}} Israel and the Philistines drew up in battle lines, one battle line against the other. {{rf{22}}} David left the baggage he had with him in the care of the baggage keeper, ran to the battle line, and came and asked how his brothers were doing. {{rf{23}}} While he was speaking to them, the champion, whose name was Goliath the Philistine from Gath, was coming up from the caves of the Philistines. He spoke just as he had previously, and David heard his words. {{rf{24}}} When all the men of Israel saw the man, they fled from his presence and were very afraid. {{rf{25}}} And the men of Israel said, "Did you see this man who has come up? For he is going up to defy Israel! It will be that the man who defeats him, the king will make him very rich with great wealth and will give him his daughter in marriage and will make his father's house free in Israel." {{rf{26}}} Now David had spoken to the men who were standing with him, saying, "What will be done for the man who defeats this Philistine and removes the disgrace from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he defies the battle lines of the living God?" {{rf{27}}} And the troops had spoken to him according to this word, saying, "So it will be done for the man who defeats him." {{rf{28}}} His oldest brother Eliab heard while he was speaking to the men, and Eliab became very angry against David and said, "Why have you come down today, and with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your presumptuousness and the evil of your heart! For you have come down in order to see the battle!" {{rf{29}}} David replied, "What have I done now? I merely asked a question! {{rf{30}}} He turned around from him to another opposite him and he spoke to him in the same way, and the people answered him as before.  {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-17-20]] }}}
Now the words which David had spoken were heard and they reported them to Saul, and he summoned him. {{rf{32}}} David said to Saul, "Do not let anyone's heart fail concerning him! Your servant will go and fight with this Philistine." {{rf{33}}} But Saul said to David, "You will not be able to go against this Philistine to fight with him, because you are only a boy, whereas he has been a man of war since his childhood!" {{rf{34}}} And David said to Saul, "Your servant has been a shepherd of the flock for his father. If the lion or the bear would come and carry off a sheep from the group, {{rf{35}}} I would go out after it and strike it down and rescue the sheep from its mouth. If it rose against me, I would grab it by its beard and strike it down and kill it. {{rf{36}}} Your servant has struck down both the lion and the bear, and this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, because he defied the battle lines of the living God." {{rf{37}}} And David said, "Yahweh, who rescued me from the hand of the lion and from the hand of the bear, will rescue me from the hand of this Philistine!" Then Saul said to David, "Go and may Yahweh be with you!" {{rf{38}}} Then Saul clothed David with his own fighting attire and put a helmet of bronze on his head and clothed him with body armor. {{rf{39}}} Then David strapped on his sword over his fighting attire, but he tried in vain to walk around, for he was not trained to use them. So David said to Saul, "I am not able to walk with these, because I am not trained to use them." So David removed them. {{rf{40}}} Then he took his staff in his hand, picked out for himself five smooth stones from the wadi, and he put them in his shepherd's bag, in the pouch. And with his sling in his hand, he approached the Philistine. {{rf{41}}} Then the Philistine came on, getting nearer and nearer to David, with his shield bearer in front of him. {{rf{42}}} When the Philistine looked and saw David, he despised him, for he was only a boy and ruddy with a handsome appearance. {{rf{43}}} So the Philistine said to David, "Am I a dog, that you are coming to me with sticks?" Then the Philistine cursed David by his gods. {{rf{44}}} The Philistine said to David, "Come to me so that I can give your flesh to the birds of heaven and to the wild animals of the field!" {{rf{45}}} Then David said to the Philistine, "You are coming to me with a sword and with a spear and with a javelin, but I am coming to you in the name of Yahweh of hosts, the God of the battle lines of Israel, whom you have defied! {{rf{46}}} This day Yahweh will deliver you into my hand, and I will strike you down and cut off your head! Then I will give the corpses of the army of the Philistines this day to the birds of heaven and to the animals of the earth, so that all the earth may know that there is a God who is for Israel. {{rf{47}}} And all of this assembly will know that Yahweh does not rescue with sword or with spear, for the battle belongs to Yahweh, and he will give you into our hands!" {{rf{48}}} When the Philistine got up and came and drew near to meet David, David ran quickly to the battle line to meet the Philistine. {{rf{49}}} Then David put his hand into the bag and took a stone from it and slung it. He struck the Philistine on his forehead, and the stone sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the ground. {{rf{50}}} So David prevailed over the Philistine with the sling and with the stone, and he struck down the Philistine and killed him, but there was no sword in David's hand. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-17-31]] }}}
 {{rf{51}}} Then David ran and stood over the Philistine and took his sword and drew it from its sheath and killed him and cut off his head with it. When the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled. {{rf{52}}} The men of Israel and Judah got up, raised the war cry, and pursued the Philistines as far as the valley and up to the gates of Ekron. So the slain of the Philistines fell on the way to Shaaraim up to Gath and as far as Ekron. {{rf{53}}} Then the Israelites returned from pursuing the Philistines and plundered their camp. {{rf{54}}} And David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem and placed his weapons in his tent. {{rf{55}}} Now when Saul saw David going out to meet the Philistine, he said to Abner, the commander of the army, "Whose son is this young man, Abner?" And Abner said, "As your soul lives, O king, I do not know." {{rf{56}}} Then the king said, "You inquire whose son this young man is." {{rf{57}}} So when David returned from striking down the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul. The head of the Philistine was in his hand. {{rf{58}}} Then Saul said to him, "Whose son are you, young man?" And David said, "I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite." {{rf big{1}}} When he finished speaking to Saul, the soul of Jonathan became attached to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. {{rf{2}}} Saul took him on that very day and did not allow him to return to his father's house. {{rf{3}}} Then Jonathan made a covenant with David, because he loved him as his own soul. {{rf{4}}} Jonathan stripped off the robe that he was wearing and gave it to David, along with his fighting attire, and even his sword, his bow, and his belt. {{rf{5}}} David went out whenever Saul sent him, and he succeeded. So Saul appointed him over the men of the war, and it pleased all the people and even pleased the servants of Saul. {{rf{6}}} When they were coming back after David had returned from striking down the Philistine, the women went out from all the cities of Israel singing and dancing to meet King Saul with tambourines, with joy, and with three-stringed instruments. {{rf{7}}} And the women sang as they danced, and they said, "Saul has struck down his thousands, but David his ten thousands!" {{rf{8}}} Saul became very angry, and this saying displeased him, and he thought, "They have attributed to David ten thousands, but to me they have attributed thousands! What more can he have but the kingdom?" {{rf{9}}} So Saul was watching David with suspicion from that day onward. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-17-51]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} On the next day, the evil spirit from God rushed upon Saul, and he prophesied in the middle of the house. Now David was playing the lyre with his hand on that day as usual, and the spear was in Saul's hand. {{rf{11}}} Then Saul hurled the spear and thought, "I will pin David to the wall." But David eluded him twice. {{rf{12}}} Now Saul was threatened by the presence of David because Yahweh was with him, but had departed from Saul. {{rf{13}}} So Saul removed him from his presence, and made him commander of a thousand, so he marched in and out at the front of the army. {{rf{14}}} And David was achieving success in all his ways and Yahweh was with him, {{rf{15}}} but when Saul saw that he was very successful, he was severely threatened by him. {{rf{16}}} However, all of Israel and Judah were loving David, for he was going forth and marching ahead of them. {{rf{17}}} Then Saul said to David, "Here is my older daughter Merab. I will give her to you as your wife. Only be a brave warrior for me and fight the battles of Yahweh." For Saul thought, "My hand will not be against him, but let the hand of the Philistines be against him." {{rf{18}}} But David said to Saul, "Who am I, and who are my relatives, the clan of my father in Israel, that I should be a son-in-law to the king?" {{rf{19}}} But at the time Saul's daughter Merab was to be given to David, she was given instead to Adriel the Meholathite as wife. {{rf{20}}} Now Saul's daughter Michal loved David, so they told Saul, and the matter pleased him. {{rf{21}}} And Saul thought, "I will give her to him, so that she may be a snare for him and the hand of the Philistines may be against him." So Saul said to David, "For a second time you can become my son-in-law today." {{rf{22}}} Then Saul commanded his servants, "Speak to David in secret, saying, 'Look, the king is pleased with you, and all his servants love you. So then, become a son-in-law of the king.'" {{rf{23}}} And Saul's servants spoke these words to David privately. But David said, "Is it insignificant in your sight to become the son-in-law of the king, as I am a poor and lightly esteemed man?" {{rf{24}}} So the servants of Saul informed him, saying, "This is what David said." {{rf{25}}} Then Saul said, "This is what you must say to David: 'The king desires no bride price except for a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to avenge himself on the enemies of the king.'" (Now Saul had planned to allow David to fall by the hand of the Philistines.) {{rf{26}}} So his servants told David these words, and the matter pleased David to become the son-in-law of the king as the specified time had not expired. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-18-10]] }}}
 {{rf{27}}} And David got up, and he and his men went and struck down two hundred men of the Philistines. Then David brought their foreskins, and they presented the full number to become the king's son-in-law. Then Saul gave him Michal his daughter as his wife. {{rf{28}}} When Saul realized that Yahweh was with David and his own daughter Michal loved him, {{rf{29}}} Saul was threatened by David still more, so Saul became a perpetual enemy of David. {{rf{30}}} Then the commanders of the Philistines went out for battle, and as often as they went out, David succeeded more than all the servants of Saul, and his name became very esteemed. {{rf big{1}}} Now Saul spoke to Jonathan his son and to all his servants about killing David, but Saul's son Jonathan liked David very much. {{rf{2}}} So Jonathan informed David, saying, "My father Saul is trying to kill you; now please take care! In the morning you should stay in the hiding place and conceal yourself. {{rf{3}}} I will go out and stand at my father's side in the field where you are, and I will speak about you to my father; if I find out anything I will tell it to you." {{rf{4}}} So Jonathan spoke well about David to his father Saul and said to him, "The king should not sin against his servant David, because he has not sinned against you, and because his service for you has been very good. {{rf{5}}} He put his life in his hand and attacked the Philistine, and Yahweh brought about a great victory for all of Israel, and you saw it and rejoiced! Now why should you sin against innocent blood by killing David without cause?" {{rf{6}}} And Saul listened to the voice of Jonathan and swore, "As Yahweh lives, he will not be put to death!" {{rf{7}}} Jonathan called to David and told him all of these words. Then Jonathan brought David to Saul and he was before him as formerly. {{rf{8}}} War came again, so David went out and fought against the Philistines and defeated them thoroughly so that they fled before him. {{rf{9}}} Then the evil spirit from Yahweh came upon Saul while he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand. And David was playing a stringed instrument in his hand. {{rf{10}}} So Saul tried to pin David to the wall with the spear, but he eluded Saul, so that he struck the spear into the wall, and David fled and escaped that same night. {{rf{11}}} Then Saul sent messengers to David's house to guard him and to kill him in the morning, but Michal his wife told David, saying, "If you do not save your life tonight, then tomorrow you will be killed!" {{rf{12}}} So Michal lowered David through the window, and he went and fled and escaped. {{rf{13}}} Then Michal took the household god and put it on the bed and put a quilt of goat's hair at its head and covered it with the clothes. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-18-27]] }}}
<<Bbl 1S 19:20 abbr>>-24    Like Balaam.  Refers also back to <<Bbl 1S 10:12 abbr>>.

<<Bbl 1S 20:17 abbr>>   A deepening of 18:1ff.
20:19   Which is the eventful day   ??   What does Ezel signify ??
20:32   see <<Bbl L 23:22 >>
<<Bbl 1S 20:40 abbr >>-41	This seems to defeat the purpose of the strategem. Seemingly Jonathan can't bear not seeing David.
<<Bbl 1S 20:42 abbr >>	 [[Israel-DividedKingdom]]

<<Bbl 1S 21:6 abbr >>    As Jesus was to state, nothing consecrated is withheld from a consecrated man.  In fact there are rich parallels between David and Jesus at this point -- <<Bbl Mk 2:25 >>ff.
<<Bbl 1S 21:7 abbr>>    see <<Bbl 1S 22:9 abbr>>-22
21:13   Scribbling on the door of the gate would be sharply symbolic.
21:15   What sarcasm!

22:2    The afflicted of the world, like the parable of the feast.    Like the first-ever recovery group.
22:3-4 	Moab is Ruth's homeland.  Roots.  Moab almost always gets a bad rap, per the original prophecies.
22:4 	Where is the stronghold? 
<<Bbl 1S 22:5 abbr>>  For Keilah must be delivered.
22:18   Men of the cloth.
<<Bbl 1S 22:23 abbr>>   Jesus offers just this promise to us in <<Bbl J 15:18 >>-20.
 {{rf{14}}} And Saul sent messengers to arrest David, but she said, "He is ill." {{rf{15}}} So Saul sent the messengers to see David, saying, "Bring him up to me in the bed, so that I can kill him." {{rf{16}}} When the messengers came, to their surprise the idol was on the bed with the quilt of goat's hair at the head. {{rf{17}}} Then Saul said to Michal, "Why have you deceived me like this and sent away my enemy, so that he escaped?" Michal said to Saul, "He said to me, 'Let me go, why should I kill you?'" {{rf{18}}} So David fled and escaped, and he came to Samuel at Ramah and told him all that Saul had done to him. Then he and Samuel went and stayed in Naioth. {{rf{19}}} And it was told to Saul, "David is in Naioth in Ramah." {{rf{20}}} So Saul sent messengers to capture David. When they saw the company of the prophets prophesying and Samuel standing as chief over them, then the Spirit of God came upon Saul's messengers, and they also prophesied. {{rf{21}}} So they told Saul, and he sent other messengers, and they also prophesied. Again Saul sent messengers a third time, and they also prophesied. {{rf{22}}} Then he also went to Ramah. When he came to the great cistern which was in Secu, he asked and said, "Where are Samuel and David?" Someone said, "Look they are in Naioth in Ramah." {{rf{23}}} So he went there to Naioth in Ramah and the Spirit of God came upon him also, and he walked along prophesying until he came to Naioth in Ramah. {{rf{24}}} He also stripped off his clothes and prophesied before Samuel. He lay naked all that day and all night. Therefore they say, "Is Saul also among the prophets?" {{rf big{1}}} Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah and came and said before Jonathan, "What have I done? What is my guilt and what is my sin before your father that he is trying to kill me? {{rf{2}}} And he said to him, "Far from it! You will not die! Look, my father does not do anything large or small unless he reveals it to me. Why should my father hide this thing or anything from me?" {{rf{3}}} Then David took an oath again and said, "Your father knows very well that I have found favor in your eyes, and he thought, 'Do not let Jonathan know this, lest he worry.' But as Yahweh lives and as your soul lives, surely there is merely a step between me and death!" {{rf{4}}} Then Jonathan said to David, "Whatever you wish, I will do for you." {{rf{5}}} David said to Jonathan, "Look, tomorrow is the new moon, and I should certainly sit with the king to eat. You must send me away so that I can hide myself in the field until the third evening. {{rf{6}}} If your father misses me at all, then you must say, 'David earnestly asked from me to run to Bethlehem his city, for the yearly sacrifice is there for all the clan.' {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-19-14]] }}}
 {{rf{7}}} If he says 'Good,' it will mean peace for your servant; but if he is very angry, know that he has decided to do me harm. {{rf{8}}} So you must show loyal love to your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of Yahweh with you. But if there is guilt in me, then kill me yourself! But why should you bring me to your father?" {{rf{9}}} Then Jonathan said, "Far be it from you! For if I know for certain that my father decided evil should come upon you, would I not have told it to you?" {{rf{10}}} Then David said to Jonathan, "Who will tell me if what your father answers you is harsh?" {{rf{11}}} And Jonathan said to David, "Come, let us go out to the field." So the two of them went out to the field. {{rf{12}}} Then Jonathan said to David, "Yahweh the God of Israel is my witness that I will question my father by this time the day after tomorrow. And look, if he is well disposed toward you, will I not send word to you and disclose it to you? {{rf{13}}} So may Yahweh punish Jonathan and more if my father decides to do you harm and if I fail to disclose it to you and send word to you that you can go safely. And may Yahweh be with you, as he has been with my father. {{rf{14}}} And not while I am still alive, will you not show the loyal love of Yahweh with me, that I may not die? {{rf{15}}} And do not cut off your loyal love from my family forever, not even when Yahweh exterminates each of the enemies of David from the face of the earth." {{rf{16}}} So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, "May Yahweh call the enemies of David to account." {{rf{17}}} And Jonathan again made David swear an oath, because he loved him; for with the love of his soul he loved him. {{rf{18}}} Then Jonathan said to him, "Tomorrow is the new moon, and you will be missed, for your seat will stay empty. {{rf{19}}} On the third day you must go down quickly and go to the place where you hid yourself on the day all this started and remain beside the stone Ezel. {{rf{20}}} I will shoot three arrows to the side as if I were shooting at a target. {{rf{21}}} Then I will send word to my servant, 'Go, find the arrows!' If I clearly say to the boy, 'Look, the arrows are on this side of you; bring it,' then come, for it means peace for you. And there is no problem, as Yahweh lives. {{rf{22}}} But if I say this to the young man, 'Look, the arrows are beyond you,' go, for Yahweh has sent you away. {{rf{23}}} And as for the matter about which you and I spoke, look, Yahweh is between you and me forever." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-20-07]] }}}
 {{rf{24}}} So David hid himself in the field. When the new moon came, the king was seated at the feast. {{rf{25}}} The king sat at his seat as before, the seat by the wall, and Jonathan got up, and Abner sat beside Saul, but David's place was empty. {{rf{26}}} But Saul said nothing on that day, for he thought, "Something happened to him. He is not ceremonially clean; surely he is not clean." {{rf{27}}} And then on the next day, the second day of the new moon, that David's place was empty. So Saul asked Jonathan his son, "Why did the son of Jesse not come either yesterday or today to the feast?" {{rf{28}}} Jonathan answered Saul, "David earnestly asked permission from me to go up to Bethlehem. {{rf{29}}} He said, 'Send me away, please, for our clan sacrifice is in the city, and my brother commanded me to be present. So then, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me slip away and see my brothers.' Therefore he has not come to the table of the king." {{rf{30}}} Then Saul became angry at Jonathan and said to him, "You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your shame and to the shame of your mother's nakedness? {{rf{31}}} For as long as the son of Jesse is alive on the earth, you and your kingdom will not be established! So then, send and bring him to me, for he will surely die!" {{rf{32}}} But Jonathan answered his father Saul and said to him, "Why should he be put to death? What has he done?" {{rf{33}}} Then Saul hurled his spear at him to kill him. So Jonathan knew that his father had decided to kill David. {{rf{34}}} Jonathan got up from the table enraged, and did not eat on the second day of the new moon because he was upset about David, because his father had disgraced him. {{rf{35}}} And then in the morning Jonathan went out to the field for the appointment with David, and a young boy was with him. {{rf{36}}} He said to his servant, "Run, please find the arrows that I am shooting!" The boy ran, and he shot the arrow to pass over him. {{rf{37}}} When the boy came up to the place of the arrow that Jonathan had shot, Jonathan called out after the boy and said, "Is not the arrow beyond you?" {{rf{38}}} Then Jonathan called out after the boy, "Quick, hurry, do not linger!" And Jonathan's servant collected the arrows and came to his master. {{rf{39}}} But the boy did not know anything about this; only Jonathan and David knew the matter. {{rf{40}}} Jonathan gave his weapons to his servant and said to him, "Go, bring them to the city." {{rf{41}}} The boy left, and then David got up from the south side, and he fell on his face to the ground and bowed three times. And they kissed each other and wept together, but David wept the most. {{rf{42}}} Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace, because we have sworn, the two of us, an oath in the name of Yahweh, saying, "Yahweh will be between me and you, and between my offspring and your offspring forever." Then he got up and left, and Jonathan went into the city. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-20-24]] }}}
Now David came to Nob, to Ahimelech the priest. And Ahimelech came trembling to meet David, and he said to him, "Why are you alone and there are no men with you?" {{rf{2}}} So David said to Ahimelech the priest, "The king charged me with a matter and said to me, 'No one must know anything about this matter on which I am sending you, with which I have charged you and the servants.'" So I have arranged to meet with my servants at a certain place. {{rf{3}}} Now then, what do you have at hand? Give me five loaves of bread or whatever is here." {{rf{4}}} The priest answered David and said, "There is no ordinary bread here at hand; there is only holy bread, but only if the young men have kept themselves from women." {{rf{5}}} David answered the priest and said to him, "Indeed, women were held back from us as it has been when I've gone out before. And the things of the young men are holy when it is an ordinary journey. How much more today will the things be holy?" {{rf{6}}} So the priest gave him the holy bread, for there was no bread there except the bread of the Presence, which was removed from before Yahweh, in order to set hot bread there on the day when it was taken away. {{rf{7}}} Now there was a man from the servants of Saul on that day, detained before Yahweh, whose name was Doeg the Edomite, the chief of Saul's shepherds. {{rf{8}}} David asked Ahimelech, "Is there not at your disposal a spear or a sword? For I took neither my sword nor my weapons with me because the king's matter was urgent." {{rf{9}}} So the priest said, "The sword of Goliath the Philistine whom you killed in the valley of Elah is here, wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod. If you want to take it for yourself, then take it, for there is no other except it here." And David said, "There is none like it; give it to me." {{rf{10}}} So David got up and fled on that day from the presence of Saul, and he came to Achish the king of Gath. {{rf{11}}} The servants of Achish said to him, "Is not this David the king of the land? Is it not for this one that they sang in the dances, saying, 'Saul killed his thousands, but David his ten thousands?'" {{rf{12}}} David took these words seriously and felt severely threatened by Achish the king of Gath. {{rf{13}}} So he changed his behavior before them and pretended to be mad in their presence. He made scratches on the doors of the gate and let his saliva run down into his beard. {{rf{14}}} Then Achish said to his servants, "Look, you see a madman! Why did you bring him to me? {{rf{15}}} Do I lack madmen that you have brought this one to act like a madman before me? Should this one enter my household?" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-21-01]] }}}
David went from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. When his brothers and all his father's household heard, they came down to him there. {{rf{2}}} Every man in distress and every man who had a creditor and every embittered man gathered to him, and he became their commander. Now there were about four hundred men with him. {{rf{3}}} And David went up from there to Mizpah of Moab. He said to the king of Moab, "Please let my father and my mother stay with you until I know what God will do for me." {{rf{4}}} So he brought them before the king of Moab, and they stayed with him all the days David was in the stronghold. {{rf{5}}} Then Gad the prophet said to David, "You should not stay in the stronghold; leave and go into the land of Judah." So David left and came to the forest of Hereth. {{rf{6}}} Now Saul heard that David and the men who were with him had been located. Saul was sitting at Gibeah under the tamarisk tree at Ramah. Now his spear was in his hand and all his servants were stationed around him. {{rf{7}}} Then Saul said to the servants who were standing around him, "Please listen, Benjaminites! Will the son of Jesse give you all fields and vineyards? Will he make all of you commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds? {{rf{8}}} For all of you have conspired against me, and no one discloses to me the making of an agreement between my son and the son of Jesse! None of you have had sympathy for me or disclosed to me that my son commissioned my servant against me to ambush me as has been done this day!" {{rf{9}}} But Doeg the Edomite, who was stationed among the servants of Saul, answered and said, "I saw the son of Jesse going to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. {{rf{10}}} And he inquired of Yahweh for him and gave him provisions and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine." {{rf{11}}} So the king sent to summon Ahimelech the son of Ahitub the priest, and all his father's household, the priests who were at Nob. So all of them came to the king. {{rf{12}}} Saul said, "Listen please, son of Ahitub." He said, "Here I am, my lord." {{rf{13}}} Then Saul said to him, "Why did you conspire against me, you and the son of Jesse, when you gave to him bread and a sword, and by inquiring of God for him so that he might arise against me to ambush me as has been done this day?" {{rf{14}}} But Ahimelech answered the king and said, "And who among all your servants is as faithful as David? He is the son-in-law of the king who moves quickly to safeguard you and is honored in your house. {{rf{15}}} Only today I began to inquire of God for him. Far be it from me that the king should impute anything against his servant or against my father's household, for your servant has not known any of this matter, little or much." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-22-01]] }}}
 {{rf{16}}} Then the king said, "You must certainly die, Ahimelech, you and all your father's household!" {{rf{17}}} So the king said to the runners who were stationed around him, "Turn and kill the priests of Yahweh, because they also support David and because they knew that he was fleeing and did not disclose it to me." But the servants of the king were not willing to raise their hand to attack the priests of Yahweh. {{rf{18}}} Then the king said to Doeg, "You turn and attack the priests!" So Doeg the Edomite turned and attacked the priests himself, and on that day he killed eighty-five men who wore the linen ephod. {{rf{19}}} And he put to the sword Nob, the city of the priests, from man to woman, from child to infant, and ox and donkey and sheep; all to the sword. {{rf{20}}} But, one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, whose name was Abiathar, escaped and fled after David. {{rf{21}}} Abiathar told David that Saul had killed the priests of Yahweh. {{rf{22}}} Then David said to Abiathar, "I knew on that day that Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would certainly tell Saul. I am responsible for the deaths of all your father's household! {{rf{23}}} Stay with me! Do not fear, because he who seeks my life seeks your life. You are in good care with me." {{rf big{1}}} Now they told David, "Look, the Philistines are fighting in Keilah and they are raiding the threshing floors." {{rf{2}}} So David inquired of Yahweh, saying, "Shall I go and attack these Philistines?" And Yahweh said to David, "Go and attack the Philistines and save Keilah." {{rf{3}}} But David's men said to him, "Look, we are afraid here in Judah. How much more if we go to Keilah to the battle lines of the Philistines?" {{rf{4}}} So David again inquired of Yahweh, and Yahweh answered him and said, "Get up, go down to Keilah, for I am giving the Philistines into your hand." {{rf{5}}} So David and his men went to Keilah and fought with the Philistines. They drove off their livestock and dealt them a heavy blow. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah. {{rf{6}}} Now when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David at Keilah, he went down with an ephod in his hand. {{rf{7}}} When it was told to Saul that David had gone to Keilah, Saul said, "God has given him into my hand, because he has shut himself in by going into a city with two barred gates. {{rf{8}}} Saul then summoned all of the army for the battle, to go down to Keilah to lay a siege against David and his men. {{rf{9}}} When David learned that Saul was plotting evil against him, he said to Abiathar the priest, "Bring the ephod here." {{rf{10}}} And David said, "O Yahweh, God of Israel, your servant has clearly heard that Saul is seeking to come to Keilah to destroy the city because of me. {{rf{11}}} Will the rulers of Keilah deliver me into his hand? Will Saul come down as your servant has heard? O Yahweh, God of Israel, please tell your servant!" And Yahweh said, "He will come down." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-22-16]] }}}
<<Bbl 1S 23:14 abbr >>   Sound guerrilla tactics.
23:17   see 24:20.  But Jonathon will die  --  another victim of Saul's hatred of God.
23:22   "I am told"  --  such pomposity.

<<Bbl 1S 24:2 abbr>>    David's distrust
24:4    Was Saul wearing the robe ??
24:22   For David does not trust Saul.

25:2-4  Odd syntax in the NAS.
25:10-11    Ostensibly that he doesn't know these are David's men for sure.
<<Bbl 1S 25:20 abbr>>   She anticipates his route.  Like Jacob, the gift goes on ahead.
25:22   The KJV is more interesting.
25:37   She's courageous, too.
25:39   Possibly the memory of this turn of events inspired the murder of Uriah later.
 {{rf{12}}} Then David said, "Will the rulers of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul?" And Yahweh said, "They will deliver you." {{rf{13}}} So David and his men got up, about six hundred men, and went out from Keilah and wandered wherever they could go. When it was told to Saul that David had escaped from Keilah, he stopped his pursuit. {{rf{14}}} David remained in the wilderness, in the strongholds, and in the hill country in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him continually, but God did not give him into his hand. {{rf{15}}} When David realized that Saul had gone out to seek his life, David was in the wilderness of Ziph at Horesh. {{rf{16}}} So Jonathan the son of Saul got up and went to David at Horesh, and encouraged him through God. {{rf{17}}} He said to him, "Do not be afraid, for the hand of my father Saul will not find you. You will be king over Israel, and I will be second to you. My father Saul knows this also." {{rf{18}}} Then the two of them made a covenant before Yahweh. David remained at Horesh, and Jonathan went to his house. {{rf{19}}} Then the Ziphites went up to Saul at Gibeah, saying, "Is not David hiding among us in the strongholds at Horesh on the hill of Hakilah, which is south of Jeshimon? {{rf{20}}} So then, O king, whenever you want to come down, come down, and it will be for us to deliver him into the hand of the king." {{rf{21}}} And Saul said to them, "May you be blessed by Yahweh, for you have shown me compassion! {{rf{22}}} Go, please, make certain again! Find out and see exactly where he is and who has seen him there! For they have said to me, 'He is very cunning.' {{rf{23}}} Look, find out all of the hiding places where he hides. Then return to me with dependable information, and I will go with you. And then if he is there in the land, then I will seek him among all the thousands of Judah." {{rf{24}}} Then they got up and went to Ziph before Saul. Now David and his men were in the wilderness of Maon in the Arabah, to the south of Jeshimon. {{rf{25}}} And Saul and his men went to seek him, and they told David, so he went down to the rock and stayed in the wilderness of Maon. When Saul heard this, he pursued David into the wilderness of Maon. {{rf{26}}} Saul went on one side of the mountain, and David and his men went on the other side of the mountain. David was hurrying to get away from Saul, while Saul and his men were closing in on David and his men to capture them. {{rf{27}}} But a messenger came to Saul, saying, "Hurry and come, because the Philistines have made a raid on the land!" {{rf{28}}} So Saul returned from pursuing David, and he went to confront the Philistines. Therefore, they called that place the Rock of Division. {{rf{29}}} David went up from there and stayed in the strongholds of En Gedi. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-23-12]] }}}
When Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, they told him, "Look, David is in the wilderness of En Gedi." {{rf{2}}} So Saul took three thousand chosen men from all Israel, and he and his men went to search for David in the direction of the Rocks of the Mountain Goats. {{rf{3}}} He came to the sheep pens beside the road, and a cave was there. Then Saul went in to relieve himself. Now David and his men were sitting in the innermost part of the cave. {{rf{4}}} And David's men said to him, "Look, today is the day about which Yahweh said to you, 'See, I am giving your enemy into your hand, and you can do to him whatever seems good to you.'" So David got up and secretly cut the hem of Saul's robe. {{rf{5}}} And then afterward David felt guilty, because he had cut the hem of Saul's robe. {{rf{6}}} He said to his men, "Far be it from me in Yahweh, that I do this thing to my lord, to Yahweh's anointed one, by stretching out my hand against him! For he is the anointed one of Yahweh." {{rf{7}}} So David rebuked his men with the words and did not allow them to rise against Saul. And Saul got up from the cave, and he went on his way. {{rf{8}}} Then David got up afterward and went out of the cave and called after Saul, "My lord the king!" When Saul looked after him, David knelt down with his face to the ground and bowed down. {{rf{9}}} Then David said to Saul, "Why do you listen to the words of people who say: 'Look, David is seeking to do you harm'? {{rf{10}}} Look, this day your eyes have seen that Yahweh gave you today into my hand in the cave, and some said to kill you. But I took pity on you and said, 'I will not stretch out my hand against my lord, because he is Yahweh's anointed one.' {{rf{11}}} Now, my father, see, yes, see, the hem of your robe in my hand! For when I cut the hem of your robe I did not kill you. Know and realize that there is no evil or rebellion in my hand. I did not sin against you, but you are hunting down my life to take it. {{rf{12}}} May Yahweh judge between me and you, and may Yahweh avenge me on you, but my hand will not be against you! {{rf{13}}} Just as the ancient proverb says, 'From the wicked, wickedness goes out,' but my hand will not be against you! {{rf{14}}} After whom did the king of Israel go out? After whom are you pursuing? After a dead dog? After one flea? {{rf{15}}} May Yahweh be the judge, and let him judge between me and you, and may he see and plead my case. May he vindicate me against you!" {{rf{16}}} When David finished speaking these words to Saul, Saul said, "Is this your voice, my son David?" And Saul lifted up his voice and wept. {{rf{17}}} Then he said to David, "You are more righteous than I, for you have repaid me the good, but I have repaid you the evil. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-24-01]] }}}
 {{rf{18}}} You have explained to me today that you have dealt well with me, how Yahweh delivered me into your hand but you did not kill me. {{rf{19}}} For a man has found his enemy but sent him on his way safely. Now may Yahweh reward you with good in return for this day, for what you have done for me. {{rf{20}}} So now then, look, I know that you will certainly be king and the kingdom of Israel will be established in your hand. {{rf{21}}} So then, swear to me by Yahweh that you will not cut off my descendants after me and that you will not wipe out my name from my father's house." {{rf{22}}} So David swore this on oath to Saul, and Saul went to his house, but David and his men went up to the stronghold. 
----
{{rf big{1}}} Now Samuel died, and all Israel assembled and mourned for him. They buried him at his house at Ramah. Then David got up and went down to the wilderness of Paran. {{rf{2}}} Now there was a man in Maon, whose business was in Carmel. The man was very rich and owned three thousand sheep and a thousand goats. Now the shearing of his sheep was taking place in Carmel. {{rf{3}}} The name of the man was Nabal, and the name of his wife was Abigail. Now the woman was wise and beautiful, but the man was stubborn and mean, and he was as his heart. {{rf{4}}} David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep. {{rf{5}}} So David sent ten young men, and David said to the young men, "Go up to Carmel and go to Nabal; you will greet him in my name. {{rf{6}}} Then you must say to him, 'Long life to you, and may it go well with you, with your house, and with all that is yours. {{rf{7}}} Now I have heard that you have shearers. Now while your shepherds were with us, we did not mistreat them, and nothing of theirs was missing, all the days they were in Carmel. {{rf{8}}} Ask your servants and they will tell you! Let the young men find favor in your eyes because we have come on a feast day. Please give whatever you have on hand for your servants and for your son David." {{rf{9}}} So David's young men came and they spoke all these words to Nabal in the name of David. Then they waited. {{rf{10}}} But Nabal answered David's servants and said, "Who is David? And who is the son of Jesse? Today, there are many servants breaking away from the presence of their masters. {{rf{11}}} Should I take my bread and my water and my meat which I have slaughtered for my shearers and give it to men whom I do not know where they are from? {{rf{12}}} So David's young men turned on their way and returned and came and told him according to all these words. {{rf{13}}} Then David said to his men, "Each man strap on his sword!" So each one strapped on his sword, and David also strapped on his sword. About four hundred men went up after David, while two hundred remained with the baggage. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-24-18]] }}}
 {{rf{14}}} But a young man of the servants told Abigail, Nabal's wife, saying, "Look, David sent messengers from the desert to greet our master, but he addressed them angrily, {{rf{15}}} even though the men were very good to us; we were not mistreated and did not miss anything all the days we went about with them while we were in the field. {{rf{16}}} They were a wall to us both night and day, all the days we were with them keeping the sheep. {{rf{17}}} And so then, know and consider what you should do, for evil has been decided against our master and against all his household, and he is such a wicked man, nobody can reason with him!" {{rf{18}}} Then Abigail quickly took two hundred loaves of bread, two skins of wine, five prepared sheep, five seahs of roasted grain, a hundred raisin cakes, and two hundred fig cakes, and she put them on the donkeys. {{rf{19}}} Then she said to her servants, "Go ahead before me; look, I am coming after you," but she did not tell her husband Nabal. {{rf{20}}} And then, as she was riding on the donkey and was going down the ravine of the mountain, David and his men were coming down to meet her, and she met them. {{rf{21}}} Now David had said, "Surely in vain I guarded all that this fellow had in the desert. And nothing was missed of all that was his, but he returned evil against me in place of good! {{rf{22}}} May God severely punish the enemies of David and again do thus if I leave behind anything that is his until the morning, not even one male!" {{rf{23}}} When Abigail saw David, she hurried and got down from the donkey and fell on her face before David's anger, and she bowed down to the ground. {{rf{24}}} She fell at his feet and said, "On me, my lord, be the guilt! Please let your female servant speak to you personally! Hear the words of your female servant! {{rf{25}}} Please do not let my lord set his heart against this worthless man, Nabal; for as his name, so is he. Nabal is his name, and stupidity is with him! But I, your female servant, did not see the young men of my lord whom you sent. {{rf{26}}} So then, my lord, as Yahweh lives and as your soul lives, since Yahweh restrained you from bloodguilt by taking matters into your own hand, so then, may your enemies be like Nabal, even those who seek to do my lord harm. {{rf{27}}} So then, this gift which your female servant has brought to my lord, may it be given to the young men who follow my lord. {{rf{28}}} Please forgive the transgression of your female servant, because Yahweh will certainly make a lasting house for my lord, because my lord is fighting the battles of Yahweh, and evil will not be found in you as long as you live. {{rf{29}}} Should a man arise to pursue you and to seek your life, may the life of my lord be wrapped in the pouch of the living with Yahweh your God. But as for the life of your enemy, he will sling it from within the pocket of the sling! {{rf{30}}} And then when Yahweh has done for my lord according to all the good that he has spoken concerning you, and has appointed you as leader over Israel, {{rf{31}}} then this will not be an obstacle for you or a stumbling block of conscience for my lord either by the shedding of blood without cause or by my lord taking matters into his own hands. And when Yahweh does good to my lord, then remember your female servant." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-25-14]] }}}
 {{rf{32}}} Then David said to Abigail, "Blessed be Yahweh the God of Israel who has sent you this day to meet me! {{rf{33}}} And blessed be your discretion, and blessed be you who have prevented me this day from bloodguilt and from delivering myself by my own hand. {{rf{34}}} But as Yahweh lives, the God of Israel who has prevented me from harming you, if you had not hurried and come to meet me, surely there would not have been one male left alive for Nabal by the light of morning!" {{rf{35}}} Then David took from her hand what she had brought for him, and he said to her, "Go up to your house in peace. See, I have listened to your voice, and I have granted your request." {{rf{36}}} Then Abigail went to Nabal, and look, he was holding a feast in his house like the feast of the king. Nabal was enjoying himself, and he was very drunk, so she did not tell him a thing, nothing at all, until the light of morning. {{rf{37}}} And then in the morning when the wine had gone out of Nabal, his wife told him these words. Then his heart died within him, and he became like a stone. {{rf{38}}} And then, about ten days later, Yahweh struck Nabal and he died. {{rf{39}}} When David heard that Nabal had died, he said, "Blessed be Yahweh who has vindicated the case of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and he has kept back his servant from evil; but Yahweh has returned the evil of Nabal on his own head." Then David sent and spoke with Abigail to take her for his wife. {{rf{40}}} So the servants of David came to Abigail at Carmel, and they spoke to her, saying, "David has sent us to you to take you for his wife." {{rf{41}}} She got up and bowed down with her face to the ground and said, "Here is your female servant, as a slave to wash the feet of my lord's servants." {{rf{42}}} Then Abigail quickly got up and rode on the donkey, along with five of her maidservants who attended her, and she went after the messengers of David and became his wife. {{rf{43}}} David had also taken Ahinoam from Jezreel, and both of them became his wives. {{rf{44}}} (Now Saul had given his daughter Michal, David's wife, to Palti the son of Laish, who was from Gallim.) {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-25-32]] }}}
The Ziphites came to Saul at Gibeah, saying, "Is not David hiding on the hill of Hakilah opposite Jeshimon?" {{rf{2}}} Then Saul got up and went down to the wilderness of Ziph, and three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David in the wilderness of Ziph. {{rf{3}}} Now Saul was on the hill of Hakilah, which is opposite Jeshimon by the road, but David was staying in the wilderness. When he realized that Saul had come to the wilderness after him, {{rf{4}}} David sent spies, and he learned that Saul had come for certain. {{rf{5}}} Then David got up and came to the place where Saul had encamped, and David saw the place where Saul was lying down, as well as Abner the son of Ner, the commander of his army. (Now Saul was lying in the encampment, and the army was encamping around him.) {{rf{6}}} David answered and said to Ahimelech the Hittite and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah the brother of Joab, saying, "Who will go down with me to Saul, in the camp?" And Abishai said, "I will go down with you." {{rf{7}}} So David and Abishai came to the army by night, and there was Saul lying asleep in the encampment with his spear thrust into the ground near his head, and Abner and the army were lying all around him. {{rf{8}}} Then Abishai said to David, "God has handed over your enemy into your hand today! So then, please let me pin him to the ground with the spear one time, and I will not strike him twice." {{rf{9}}} But David said to Abishai, "Do not destroy him! For who has stretched out his hand against Yahweh's anointed one and remained blameless?" {{rf{10}}} And David said, "As Yahweh lives, certainly Yahweh will strike him, or his day will come and he will die, or he will go down in the battle and perish. {{rf{11}}} Yahweh forbid me from stretching out my hand against Yahweh's anointed one! So then, please take the spear that is near his head and the jar of water, and let us go." {{rf{12}}} So David took the spear and the jar of water from near Saul's head, and they went away. No one saw, no one knew, and no one awakened, for all of them were sleeping because a deep sleep of Yahweh had fallen upon them. {{rf{13}}} Then David went to the other side and stood on the top of the hill at a distance; the distance was great between them. {{rf{14}}} David called out to the army and to Abner the son of Ner, "Will you not answer, Abner?" And Abner answered and said, "Who are you that you call to the king?" {{rf{15}}} So David said to Abner, "Are you not a man? And who is like you in Israel? Why did you not keep watch over your lord the king? For one of the people came to destroy your lord the king. {{rf{16}}} This thing that you have done is not good. As Yahweh lives, surely you people deserve to die since you have not kept watch over your lord, over Yahweh's anointed one! So then, see where the king's spear is and the jar of water that was near his head!" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-26-01]] }}}
26:8    Saul had tried to do this for David.
26:20   Partridge   --  i.e., for sport ??
26:24   An appeal not to Saul but to the Lord, the source of David's life.

28:1    Testing this new loyalty.
    Concerning the medium of Endor, see Vine's OT Dict., p. 59.

29  God's deliverance from a dilemma.

30:6    The opposite of Saul's response to disloyalty, see 13:9ff.
30:10   Weak from grief and disheartenment, see 30:4,6.
30:13-15    David again gains favor with the afflicted.
30:22   Inevitable problems with this army of outcasts.  We should not be surprised when those humble enough to have recieved salvation show frailty.
30:24-25    Graciously calls it a division of labor.

31:4    Pierce me through   --  interesting repetition of the phrase.
31:10   Just as the sword of Goliath had been enshrined. 
 {{rf{17}}} Then Saul recognized David's voice and said, "Is this your voice, my son David?" And David said, "It is my voice, my lord the king." {{rf{18}}} Then he said, "Why is my lord pursuing after his servant? For what have I done? And what evil is in my hand? {{rf{19}}} And so then, please let my lord the king listen to the words of his servant: If Yahweh has incited you against me, may he delight in an offering; but if it is mortals, may they be accursed before Yahweh, for they have driven me away today from sharing in the inheritance of Yahweh, saying, 'Go, serve other gods!' {{rf{20}}} And so then, do not let my blood fall to the ground away from the presence of Yahweh, for the king of Israel has gone out to seek a single flea, as one hunts a partridge in the mountains." {{rf{21}}} Then Saul said, "I have sinned! Come back, David my son, for I will not harm you again, because my life was precious in your eyes this day. Look, I have acted like a fool and have made a terrible mistake." {{rf{22}}} David answered and said, "Here is the king's spear; let one of the young men come over and take it. {{rf{23}}} Yahweh repays to each one his righteousness and his faithfulness, for Yahweh gave you into my hand today, but I was not willing to stretch out my hand against Yahweh's anointed. {{rf{24}}} Look, as your life was precious in my eyes this day, may my life be great in the eyes of Yahweh, and may he rescue me from all trouble." {{rf{25}}} Then Saul said to David, "Blessed are you, my son David; you will not only do many things, but also will always succeed!" Then David went on his way and Saul returned to his place. {{rf big{1}}} Then David thought to himself, "Now I will perish one day by the hand of Saul! There is nothing better for me but that I must certainly escape to the land of the Philistines. Then Saul will desist from searching for me further in all of the territories of Israel, and so I will escape from his hand." {{rf{2}}} So David got up and crossed over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, the king of Gath. {{rf{3}}} David settled with Achish in Gath, he and his men, each with his household. David took along his two wives Ahinoam from Jezreel and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. {{rf{4}}} And it was reported to Saul that David had fled to Gath, so he no longer searched for him. {{rf{5}}} Then David said to Achish, "Please, if I have found favor in your eyes, then let them give me a place in one of the country towns that I can live there. Why should your servant live in the royal city with you?" {{rf{6}}} So Achish gave him Ziklag on that day. (Therefore, Ziklag has belonged to the kings of Judah until this day.) {{rf{7}}} The number of days that David lived in the countryside of the Philistines was one year and four months. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-26-17]] }}}
 {{rf{8}}} Now David and his men went up and raided the Geshurites and the Girzites and the Amalekites, for they had been living in the land for a long time in the direction of Shur and as far as the land of Egypt. {{rf{9}}} So David struck the land and did not leave a man or a woman alive; he took the sheep, the cattle, the donkeys, the camels, and the clothing. Then he returned and came to Achish. {{rf{10}}} And Achish said, "Against whom have you raided today?" David said, "Against the Negev of Judah and against the Negev of the Jerahmeelites and against the Negev of the Kenites." {{rf{11}}} And David did not leave alive a man or a woman to bring them back to Gath, thinking, "So that they will not report about us, saying, 'David did thus and so.'" Thus was his practice all the days that he lived in the countryside of the Philistines. {{rf{12}}} And Achish trusted David, saying, "He has made himself utterly hated among his people in Israel, and he will be my servant forever." {{rf big{1}}} Now in those days the Philistines gathered their forces for war to fight against Israel. So Achish said to David, "Certainly you realize that you must go out with me in the army, you and your men." {{rf{2}}} David said to Achish, "Very well, you will know what your servant can do." Achish said to David, "Very well, I will make you my bodyguard for life." {{rf{3}}} (Now Samuel had died, and all Israel had mourned for him, and they had buried him in Ramah, his own city. And Saul had expelled the mediums and the soothsayers from the land.) {{rf{4}}} Then the Philistines assembled and came and encamped at Shunem, so Saul assembled all Israel, and they encamped at Gilboa. {{rf{5}}} When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid and his heart trembled greatly. {{rf{6}}} And Saul inquired of Yahweh, but Yahweh did not answer him, not by dreams or by the Urim or by the prophets. {{rf{7}}} So Saul said to his servants, "Search for me a woman who is a medium so that I may go to her and inquire of her." His servants said to him, "Look there is a woman who is a medium in Endor." {{rf{8}}} So Saul disguised himself and put on other clothes, and he went with two of his men. And they came to the woman by night and he said, "Please consult a spirit for me through the ritual pit, and bring up for me the one whom I tell you." {{rf{9}}} But the woman said to him, "Look, you know what Saul did, how he exterminated the mediums and the soothsayers from the land! Why are you setting a trap for my life to kill me?" {{rf{10}}} Then Saul swore to her by Yahweh, "As Yahweh lives, you will not be punished for this thing." {{rf{11}}} So the woman asked, "Whom shall I bring up for you?" He said, "Bring up Samuel for me." {{rf{12}}} When the woman saw Samuel, she cried out with a loud voice, and the woman said to Saul, "Why did you deceive me? You are Saul!" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-27-08]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} The king said to her, "Do not be afraid! What do you see?" And the woman said to Saul, "I see a god coming up from the ground!" {{rf{14}}} Then he said to her, "What is his appearance?" She said, "An old man is coming up, and he is wrapped in a robe." Then Saul realized that it was Samuel, and he knelt with his face to the ground and bowed down. {{rf{15}}} Then Samuel said to Saul, "Why have you disturbed me by bringing me up?" And Saul said, "I am in distress! For the Philistines are about to make war against me, but God has turned away from me, and he does not answer me any more, not by the prophets or by the dreams. So I called to you to let me know what I should do." {{rf{16}}} Then Samuel said, "Why do you ask me, since Yahweh has turned away from you and has become your enemy? {{rf{17}}} Yahweh has done to you just as he spoke by my hand! Yahweh has torn the kingdom from your hand and has given it to your neighbor, to David. {{rf{18}}} Because you did not obey Yahweh and did not carry out the fierce anger of his wrath against Amalek, therefore Yahweh has done this thing to you today. {{rf{19}}} And Yahweh will also give Israel with you into the hands of the Philistines, and tomorrow you and your sons will be with me, and Yahweh will also give the army of Israel into the hand of the Philistines." {{rf{20}}} Then Saul immediately fell prostrate to the ground, and he was very afraid because of the words of Samuel; there was no more strength in him, for he had not eaten food all day and all night. {{rf{21}}} Then the woman came to Saul and realized that he was absolutely terrified, so she said to him, "Look, your female servant has obeyed you, and I have risked my life. I have listened to your words that you have spoken to me. {{rf{22}}} So then, you also please listen to the voice of your female servant, and let me set before you a morsel of bread, and you eat so that you will have strength in you when you go on your way." {{rf{23}}} But he refused and said, "I will not eat!" However, his servants urged him, and the woman also. So he listened to what they said, and he got up from the ground and sat on the bed. {{rf{24}}} Now the woman had a fattened bull calf in the house, so she quickly slaughtered it and took flour, kneaded dough, and baked him some unleavened bread. {{rf{25}}} She brought it before Saul and his servants, and they ate. Then they got up and went away that very night. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-28-13]] }}}
Now the Philistines assembled all their forces at Aphek, and Israel was encamped at the spring that is in Jezreel. {{rf{2}}} The rulers of the Philistines were passing on according to hundreds and thousands, David and his men passing on at the rear with Achish. {{rf{3}}} Then the commanders of the Philistines said, "What are these Hebrews doing here?" And Achish said to the commanders of the Philistines, "Is this not David, the servant of Saul, the king of Israel, who has been with me for days and years? I have not found anything threatening in him from the day of his desertion until this day!" {{rf{4}}} But the commanders of the Philistines were angry with him and they said to him, "Send the man back so that he might return to his place where you have assigned him! But he will not go down with us into the battle, so that he does not become an adversary to us in the battle. By what could this fellow make himself favorable to his lord? Is it not with the heads of these men? {{rf{5}}} Is this not David about whom they sing in the dances, saying, 'Saul has killed his thousands, but David his ten thousands'?" {{rf{6}}} So Achish called David and said to him, "As Yahweh lives, certainly you were honest, and I am pleased to have you marching with me in the campaign. For I have not found any wrong in you from the day you came to me until this day, but in the eyes of the rulers, you are not good. {{rf{7}}} So then, return and go in peace, so that you do not do something that displeases the rulers of the Philistines." {{rf{8}}} Then David said to Achish, "But what have I done? And what have you found in your servant from the day that I entered your service until this day, that I should not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?" {{rf{9}}} And Achish answered and said to David, "I know that you are good in my eyes, like an angel of God! However, the commanders of the Philistines have said, 'He must not go up with us into the battle.' {{rf{10}}} So then, rise early in the morning, you and the servants of your lord who came with you. When you rise early in the morning and it is light enough for you, leave. {{rf{11}}} So David set out early, he and his men, to leave in the morning to return to the land of the Philistines, but the Philistines went up to Jezreel. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-29-01]] }}}
Now when David and his men came to Ziklag on the third day, the Amalekites had raided the Negev and Ziklag. When they attacked Ziklag, they burned it with fire. {{rf{2}}} They took captive the women who were in it, from the youngest to the oldest. They did not kill anyone, but carried them off and went on their way. {{rf{3}}} When David and his men came to the city, they saw, and it was burned with fire, and their wives, their sons, and their daughters had been taken captive. {{rf{4}}} Then David and the people who were with him raised their voices and wept until there was not enough strength in them to weep. {{rf{5}}} Two of David's wives had been taken captive. Ahinoam from Jezreel and Abigail, the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. {{rf{6}}} And David was in a very precarious situation, for the people spoke of stoning him, for the souls of all the people were bitter, each one over his sons and his daughters. But David strengthened himself in Yahweh his God. {{rf{7}}} Then David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, "Please bring the ephod here for me." So Abiathar brought the ephod to David. {{rf{8}}} And David inquired of Yahweh, saying, "Should I pursue after this band of raiders? Will I overtake them?" He said to him, "Pursue them, for you will certainly overtake them, and you will certainly rescue them." {{rf{9}}} So David went, he and the six hundred men who were with him, and they came to the Wadi Besor, but the rest remained. {{rf{10}}} David pursued, he and four hundred men; but two hundred men stayed because they were too exhausted to pass over the Wadi Besor. {{rf{11}}} Then they found an Egyptian man in the open country and brought him to David, and they gave him food and he ate; they also gave him water. {{rf{12}}} They gave him a slice of fig cake and two raisin cakes; he ate and this revived him, because he had not eaten food or drunk water for three days and three nights. {{rf{13}}} Then David said to him, "To whom do you belong, and from where are you? The young man said, "I am an Egyptian young man, a servant of an Amalekite man, but my master abandoned me because I became ill three days ago. {{rf{14}}} We raided the Negev of the Kerethites and that which belongs to Judah and then the Negev of Caleb, and we burned Ziklag with fire." {{rf{15}}} So David asked him, "Will you take me down to this band of raiders?" He said, "Swear to me by God that you will not kill me and that you will not deliver me into my master's hand! Then I will take you down to this band." {{rf{16}}} So he took him down, and there they were, spread out over the surface of all the land, eating and drinking and dancing because of all of the abundant plunder which they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from the land of Judah. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-30-01]] }}}
 {{rf{17}}} Then David attacked them from twilight until the evening of the next day. Not a man of them escaped except four hundred young men who rode off on camels and fled. {{rf{18}}} So David recovered all that the Amalekites had taken; David also rescued his two wives. {{rf{19}}} None of theirs was missing from the smallest to the greatest, even sons and daughters, from the plunder up to everything they had taken for themselves; David brought back everything. {{rf{20}}} And David took all of the sheep, and the cattle they drove along in front of that livestock, and they said, "This is David's plunder." {{rf{21}}} Then David came to the two hundred men who had been too exhausted to follow David; they had left them behind at the Wadi Besor. They went out to meet David and to meet the people who were with him. David came near with the people and asked them how they were doing. {{rf{22}}} Then all the corrupt and useless men among the men who went with David reacted and said, "Because they did not go with us, we will not give them anything from the plunder which we recovered, except each man may take his own wife and children. They must take them along and go!" {{rf{23}}} But David said to them, "You should not do so, my brothers, with what Yahweh has given to us! He has preserved us and has given the raiding band that came against us into our hand. {{rf{24}}} And who would listen to you regarding this matter? For as the share of the one who went down into the battle, so the share of the one who remained with the baggage will be. They will share alike." {{rf{25}}} So from that day and beyond, he made it a rule and a regulation for Israel until this day. {{rf{26}}} Then David came to Ziklag, and he sent some of the plunder to the elders of Judah, to his friends, saying, "Here is a gift for you from the plunder of the enemies of Yahweh!" {{rf{27}}} It was for those in Bethel, for those in Ramoth of the Negev, for those in Jattir, {{rf{28}}} for those in Aroer, for those in Siphmoth, for those in Eshtemoa, {{rf{29}}} for those in Racal, for those in the towns of the Jerahmeelites, for those in the towns of the Kenites, {{rf{30}}} for those in Hormah, for those in Bor Ashan, for those in Athach, {{rf{31}}} for those in Hebron, and for all the places where David and his men had roamed. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-30-17]] }}}
Now the Philistines were fighting against Israel, and the men of Israel fled before the Philistines, and they fell slain on Mount Gilboa. {{rf{2}}} And the Philistines overtook Saul and his sons, and the Philistines killed Jonathan and Abinadab and Malki-Shua, the sons of Saul. {{rf{3}}} Saul was in the thick of the battle, and the archers spotted him, and he was badly wounded by the archers. {{rf{4}}} Then Saul said to his armor bearer, "Draw your sword and thrust me through with it, so that these uncircumcised do not come and thrust me through and make a fool of me!" But his armor bearer was not willing to do so because he was very afraid. So Saul took the sword and fell on it. {{rf{5}}} And when his armor bearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell on his sword and died with him. {{rf{6}}} So Saul died, and his three sons, his armor bearer, and all his men together that same day. {{rf{7}}} And when the men of Israel who were on the other side of the valley and those who were beyond the Jordan saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they abandoned the towns and fled. Thus the Philistines came and lived in them. {{rf{8}}} And then the next day, the Philistines came to strip the dead and they found Saul and his three sons lying dead on Mount Gilboa. {{rf{9}}} So they cut off his head and stripped off his armor. Then they sent messengers around in the land of the Philistines to proclaim victory in the temples of their idols and to the people. {{rf{10}}} And they put his armor in the temple of the Ashtoreth, and they fastened his corpse to the wall of Beth Shan. {{rf{11}}} When the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard about it, what the Philistines had done to Saul, {{rf{12}}} all of the valiant men set out and went all night and took the corpse of Saul and the corpses of his sons from the wall of Beth Shan, and they came to Jabesh and burned them there. {{rf{13}}} Then they took their bones and buried them under the tamarisk in Jabesh, and they fasted for seven days. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Sam-31-01]] }}}
Paul and Silvanus and Timothy, to the church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Grace to you and peace. {{rf{2}}} We give thanks to God always concerning all of you, making mention constantly in our prayers, {{rf{3}}} because we remember your work of faith and labor of love and steadfastness of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ in the presence of our God and Father, {{rf{4}}} knowing, brothers dearly loved by God, that he has chosen you, {{rf{5}}} because our gospel did not come to you with word only, but also with power and with the Holy Spirit and with much certainty, just as you know what sort of people we became among you for your sake. {{rf{6}}} And you became imitators of us and of the Lord, receiving the word in much affliction, with the joy of the Holy Spirit, {{rf{7}}} so that you became an example to all those who believe in Macedonia and in Achaia, {{rf{8}}} for from you the word of the Lord has sounded forth, not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but in every place your faith toward God has gone out, so that we have no need to say anything. {{rf{9}}} For they themselves report about us, what sort of welcome we had with you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God, {{rf{10}}} and to await his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, Jesus, the one who delivers us from the coming wrath. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Thes-01-01]] }}}
<<Bbl 1Th 2:2 abbr >> Insulted is a word used of Christ before the soldiers  (need to confirm this).
{{fyi{
''Inductive study of 1 Thess 2:6b-13''
* What were Paul's activities while with these people?  
* How does Paul describe his relationship with them?  
* What was Paul's lifestyle?  What characteristics were on display?   
* How did Paul's lifestyle help people understand his teaching?
* How did Paul's teaching help people understand his lifestyle?  
* Paul says at the end of the passage that the word of God is "at work in you believers".  God's work was not merely improving their thinking, nor was it merely working in Paul for their benefit, but it was working IN EACH OF THEM.  How would Paul's dealings with the Thessalonians have helped them discover and accept that truth? 
* Talk about a time you have personally observed or been a part of this kind of impartation.  
For silent reflection (1-2 minutes):
* Is there someone in your life right now who personally imparts God's truth and love to you?  
** If the answer is no, ask God to give you someone.
** If yes, give thanks for that person.  
* Is there someone currently to whom YOU are imparting God's truth and love?  
** If the answer is no, ask God to give you someone.
** If yes, give thanks for that person.  
}}}
<<Bbl 1Th 2:7 abbr>>-12	Reinforced in <<Bbl 2Th 3:7>>-9.
<<Bbl 1Th 2:14 abbr>> -16    A description of Paul himself, before his repentance.
For you yourselves know, brothers, our reception with you, that it was not in vain, {{rf{2}}} but after we had already suffered and been mistreated in Philippi, just as you know, we had the courage in our God to speak to you the gospel of God amid much opposition. {{rf{3}}} For our exhortation is not from error or from impurity or with deceit, {{rf{4}}} but just as we have been approved by God to be entrusted with the gospel, thus we speak, not as pleasing people but God, who examines our hearts. {{rf{5}}} For never did we come with a word of flattery, just as you know, nor with a pretext of greediness (God is witness), {{rf{6}}} nor seeking glory from people, neither from you nor from others. {{rf{7}}} Although we could have insisted on our own importance as apostles of Christ, yet we became infants in your midst, like a nursing mother cherishes her own children. {{rf{8}}} Longing for you in this way, we determined to share with you not only the gospel of God but also our own souls, because you had become dear to us. {{rf{9}}} For you remember, brothers, our labor and hardship: working by night and day in order not to be a burden to any of you, we proclaimed to you the gospel of God. {{rf{10}}} You are witnesses, and so is God, how devoutly and righteously and blamelessly we became to you who believe, {{rf{11}}} just as you know how we treated each one of you, like a father his own children, {{rf{12}}} exhorting and consoling you and insisting that you live in a manner worthy of God, who calls you to his own kingdom and glory. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Thes-02-01]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} And because of this we also give thanks to God constantly, that when you received God's word that you heard from us, you accepted it not as the word of men, but as it truly is, the word of God, which also is at work in you who believe. {{rf{14}}} For you became imitators, brothers, of the churches of God which are in Judea in Christ Jesus, because you also suffered the same things at the hands of your own people, just as they themselves did also at the hands of the Jews, {{rf{15}}} who killed both the Lord Jesus and the prophets, and who persecuted us, and who are not pleasing to God and are opposed to all people, {{rf{16}}} hindering us from speaking to the Gentiles in order that they may be saved, so that they always fill up their sins. But wrath has come upon them to the end. {{rf{17}}} But when we were made orphans by separation from you, brothers, for a short time (in face, not in heart), we were even more eager with great desire to see your face, {{rf{18}}} because we wanted to come to you -- I, Paul, on more than one occasion -- and Satan hindered us. {{rf{19}}} For who is our hope or joy or crown of boasting? Is it not even you, in the presence of our Lord Jesus at his coming? {{rf{20}}} For you are our glory and joy. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Thes-02-13]] }}}
Therefore when we could bear it no longer, we determined to be left behind in Athens alone, {{rf{2}}} and we sent Timothy, our brother and fellow worker for God in the gospel of Christ, in order to strengthen and to encourage you about your faith, {{rf{3}}} so that no one would be shaken by these afflictions. For you yourselves know that we are appointed for this, {{rf{4}}} for indeed when we were with you we told you beforehand that we were about to be afflicted, just as indeed it happened, and you know. {{rf{5}}} Because of this, I also, when I could endure it no longer, sent in order to know your faith, lest somehow the tempter tempted you and our labor should be in vain. {{rf{6}}} But now, because Timothy has come to us from you and has brought good news to us of your faith and love, and that you always think kindly of us, desiring to see us just as also we desire to see you, {{rf{7}}} because of this, brothers, we have been comforted because of you in all our distress and affliction through your faith, {{rf{8}}} because now we live, if you stand firm in the Lord. {{rf{9}}} For what thanks can we repay to God concerning you, because of all the joy with which we rejoice because of you before our God, {{rf{10}}} night and day praying beyond all measure that we may see your face and complete what is lacking in your faith? {{rf{11}}} Now may our God and Father himself and our Lord Jesus direct our way to you, {{rf{12}}} and may the Lord cause you to increase and to abound in love for one another and for all, just as also we do for you, {{rf{13}}} so that your hearts may be established blameless in holiness before our God and Father at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all his saints. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Thes-03-01]] }}}
Finally therefore, brothers, we ask you and appeal to you in the Lord Jesus that, just as you have received from us how it is necessary for you to live and to please God, just as indeed you are living, that you progress even more. {{rf{2}}} For you know what commands we gave to you through the Lord Jesus. {{rf{3}}} For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you abstain from sexual immorality; {{rf{4}}} that each of you know how to possess his own vessel in sanctification and honor, {{rf{5}}} not in lustful passion, just as also the Gentiles who do not know God; {{rf{6}}} not to transgress and to exploit his brother in the matter, because the Lord is the one who avenges concerning all these things, just as also we told you beforehand and testified solemnly. {{rf{7}}} For God did not call us to impurity, but in holiness. {{rf{8}}} Therefore the one who rejects this is not rejecting man, but God, who also gives his Holy Spirit to you. {{rf{9}}} But concerning brotherly love, I do not have need to write to you, for you yourselves are taught by God to love one another, {{rf{10}}} for indeed you are practicing it toward all the brothers in all of Macedonia. But we urge you, brothers, to progress even more, {{rf{11}}} and to aspire to live a quiet life, and to attend to your own business, and to work with your hands, just as we commanded you, {{rf{12}}} so that you may live decently toward those outside, and may have need of nothing. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Thes-04-01]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} Now we do not want you to be ignorant, brothers, concerning those who have fallen asleep, so that you will not grieve as also the rest, who have no hope. {{rf{14}}} For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, thus also God will bring those who have fallen asleep through Jesus together with him. {{rf{15}}} For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive, who remain until the Lord's coming, will not possibly precede those who have fallen asleep. {{rf{16}}} For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a shout of command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. {{rf{17}}} Then we who are alive, who remain, will be snatched away at the same time together with them in the clouds for a meeting with the Lord in the air, and thus we will be together with the Lord always. {{rf{18}}} Therefore comfort one another with these words. {{rf big{1}}} Now concerning the times and the seasons, brothers, you have no need of anything to be written to you, {{rf{2}}} for you yourselves well know that the day of the Lord is coming in the same way as a thief in the night. {{rf{3}}} Whenever they say "Peace and security," then sudden destruction will overtake them like the birth pains of a pregnant woman, and they will not possibly escape. {{rf{4}}} But you, brothers, are not in the darkness, so that the day should catch you like a thief, {{rf{5}}} for you are all sons of light and sons of day. We are not of the night nor of darkness. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Thes-04-13]] }}}
 {{rf{6}}} So then, we must not sleep like the rest, but must be on the alert and be self-controlled. {{rf{7}}} For those who sleep, sleep at night, and those who get drunk, are drunk at night. {{rf{8}}} But because we are of the day, we must be sober, by putting on the breastplate of faith and love and as a helmet the hope of salvation, {{rf{9}}} because God did not appoint us for wrath, but for the obtaining of salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, {{rf{10}}} who died for us, so that whether we are awake or asleep, we will live at the same time with him. {{rf{11}}} Therefore encourage one another and build up each other, just as indeed you are doing. {{rf{12}}} Now we ask you, brothers, to respect those who labor among you and rule over you in the Lord and admonish you, {{rf{13}}} and to esteem them beyond all measure in love, because of their work. Be at peace among yourselves. {{rf{14}}} And we urge you, brothers, admonish the disorderly, console the discouraged, help the sick, be patient toward all people. {{rf{15}}} See to it that no one pays back evil for evil to anyone, but always pursue good toward one another and toward all people. {{rf{16}}} Rejoice always, {{rf{17}}} pray constantly, {{rf{18}}} give thanks in everything; for this is the will of God for you in Christ Jesus. {{rf{19}}} Do not quench the Spirit. {{rf{20}}} Do not despise prophecies, {{rf{21}}} but examine all things; hold fast to what is good. {{rf{22}}} Abstain from every form of evil. {{rf{23}}} Now may the God of peace himself sanctify you completely, and may your spirit and soul and body be kept complete, blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Thes-05-06]] }}}
 {{rf{24}}} The one who calls you is faithful, who also will do this. {{rf{25}}} Brothers, pray for us. {{rf{26}}} Greet all the brothers with a holy kiss. {{rf{27}}} I adjure you by the Lord, have this letter read aloud to all the brothers. {{rf{28}}} The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. LENGTH SHORT {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Thes-05-24]] }}}
Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus according to the command of God our Savior and of Christ Jesus our hope, {{rf{2}}} to Timothy, my true child in the faith. Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord. {{rf{3}}} Just as I urged you when I traveled to Macedonia, remain in Ephesus, so that you may instruct certain people not to teach other doctrine, {{rf{4}}} and not to pay attention to myths and endless genealogies, which cause useless speculations rather than God's plan that is by faith. {{rf{5}}} But the goal of our instruction is love from a pure heart and a good conscience and a faith without hypocrisy, {{rf{6}}} from which some have deviated, and have turned away into fruitless discussion, {{rf{7}}} wanting to be teachers of the law, although they do not understand either the things which they are saying or the things concerning which they are speaking confidently. {{rf{8}}} But we know that the law is good, if anyone makes use of it lawfully, {{rf{9}}} knowing this, that the law is not given for a righteous person but for the lawless and rebellious, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and totally worldly, for the one who kills his father and the one who kills his mother, for murderers, {{rf{10}}} sexually immoral people, homosexuals, kidnappers, liars, perjurers, and whatever else is opposed to sound teaching, {{rf{11}}} according to the glorious gospel of the blessed God that I was entrusted with. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Tim-01-01]] }}}
{{{
Truth
Error
Confrontation
Pastoral leadership, Ministry
Christian conduct
}}}



----
<<Bbl 1Tim 2:4 abbr >>	//who desires all men//...The Blue Letter Bible has a wonderful explanation from Spurgeon, who also takes up the question of how in general to cope with mysteries of God.  [[LINK|http://www.blueletterbible.org/Comm/spurgeon_charles/sermons/1516.cfm?a=1121004]]  In essence he says that //desire// means that kind of wish that God does not see fit to consummate in this realm as we might have guessed.

<<Bbl 1Tim 2:11 abbr >> Joseph's Brothers
<<Bbl 1Tim 2:12 abbr >>a Daniel
<<Bbl 1Tim 2:12 abbr >>b Adam, or Esau
<<Bbl 1Tim 2:13 abbr >> all who waver or depart. Peter, Jonah, Demos, Judas. 
<<Bbl 1Tim 2:15 abbr >> How is it that delivery of the child results in deliverance of the woman?

<<Bbl 1Tim 3:1 abbr >> Elders. //Having but one wife// is a bad translation. <<Bbl 1Tim 5:9 abbr >> uses the same phrase, and as Paul is encouraging remarriage for widow her can hardly mean a woman of ultimately one husband only.  NIV gets <<Bbl 1Tim 5:9 abbr >> right but not <<Bbl 1Tim 3:1 abbr >>.
<<Bbl 1Tim 3:12 abbr >> 	//Managing household// is practical; you need to be available, unemcumbered. But Melisa gets hung up on a another verse that seems more stringent. 
<<Bbl 1Tim 3:14 abbr >>, <<Bbl 1Tim 4:13 abbr >>	//...until I come...// The local scope is Timothy in Ephesus awaiting Paul. The larger scope is All in the world awaiting Christ. For the first we recognize <<Bbl 1Tim 1:3 abbr >> and <<Bbl 1Tim 1:20 abbr >>; for the second, <<Bbl 1Tim 1:4 abbr >>b ff and <<Bbl 1Tim 1:19 abbr >>. There are many statements inducing one or the other, so we are firmly fixed in both. Thus Philip Jensen calls this an 'occasional, permanent letter' - written for us, though not to us. So it is 'until Christ comes.' This is proved by the commands; they are not in effect only until Paul arrives. 

<<Bbl 1Tim 4:12 abbr>>    {{{A}}} is answered with {{{B}}}; the doing of the second part will fulfill the first.
<<Bbl 1Tim 4:13 abbr >>	<<Bbl 1Tim 3:14 "" note>>

<<Bbl 1Tim 5:9 abbr >>	<<Bbl 1Tim 3:1 "" note >> 

<<Bbl 1Tim 5:18 abbr >>  Paul asserts as Scripture the statement //The laborer is worthy of his wages.//  This are the words of Jesus as recorded in <<Bbl L 10:7 >> -- so Paul is validating Luke's Gospel as Scripture!
<<Bbl 1Tim 6:8 abbr >> 	The same two categories are seen in <<Bbl Mt 6:25 >>.
    I include a car among my needs, but there really is a bottom line at which the car is a luxury.  God lets us work with a financial overhead, but does not let us depend on it.
<<Bbl 1Tim 6:10 abbr>>    //A love of money// -- [[Wealth]] 
<<Bbl 1Tim 6:17 abbr>>c	
 {{rf{12}}} I give thanks to the one who strengthens me, Christ Jesus our Lord, because he considered me faithful, placing me into ministry, {{rf{13}}} although I was formerly a blasphemer and a persecutor and a violent man, but I was shown mercy because I acted ignorantly in unbelief, {{rf{14}}} and the grace of our Lord abounded with the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus. {{rf{15}}} The saying is trustworthy and worthy of all acceptance: Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am the foremost. {{rf{16}}} But because of this I was shown mercy, in order that in me foremost, Christ Jesus might demonstrate his total patience, for an example for those who are going to believe in him for eternal life. {{rf{17}}} Now to the King of the ages, immortal, invisible, to the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen. {{rf{18}}} I am setting before you this instruction, Timothy my child, in accordance with the prophecies spoken long ago about you, in order that by them you may fight the good fight, {{rf{19}}} having faith and a good conscience, which some, because they have rejected these, have suffered shipwreck concerning their faith, {{rf{20}}} among whom are Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I have handed over to Satan, in order that they may be taught not to blaspheme. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Tim-01-12]] }}}
Therefore, I urge first of all that petitions, prayers, requests, and thanksgiving be made on behalf of all people, {{rf{2}}} on behalf of kings and all those who are in authority, in order that we may live a tranquil and quiet life in all godliness and dignity. {{rf{3}}} This is good and acceptable before God our Savior, {{rf{4}}} who wants all people to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth. {{rf{5}}} For there is one God and one mediator between God and human beings, the man Christ Jesus, {{rf{6}}} who gave himself a ransom for all, the testimony at the proper time, {{rf{7}}} for which I was appointed a herald and an apostle -- I am speaking the truth, I am not lying -- a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and truth. {{rf{8}}} Therefore I want the men in every place to pray, lifting up holy hands without anger and dispute. {{rf{9}}} Likewise also the women should adorn themselves in appropriate clothing, with modesty and self-control, not with braided hair and gold jewelry or pearls or expensive clothing, {{rf{10}}} but with good deeds which are fitting for women who profess godliness. {{rf{11}}} A woman must learn in quietness with all submission. {{rf{12}}} But I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise authority over a man, but to remain quiet. {{rf{13}}} For Adam was formed first, then Eve, {{rf{14}}} and Adam was not deceived, but the woman, because she was deceived, came into transgression. {{rf{15}}} But she will be saved through the bearing of children, if she continues in faith and love and holiness with self-control. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Tim-02-01]] }}}
The saying is trustworthy: if anyone aspires to supervision, he desires a good work. {{rf{2}}} Therefore the overseer must be irreproachable, the husband of one wife, temperate, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable, skillful in teaching, {{rf{3}}} not addicted to wine, not a violent person, but gentle, peaceable, not loving money, {{rf{4}}} managing his own household well, having children in submission with all dignity {{rf{5}}} (but if someone does not know how to manage his own household, how will he take care of the church of God?), {{rf{6}}} not newly converted, lest he become conceited and fall into the condemnation of the devil. {{rf{7}}} But he must also have a good testimony from those outside, in order that he may not fall into disgrace and the trap of the devil. {{rf{8}}} Deacons likewise must be dignified, not insincere, not devoted to much wine, not fond of dishonest gain, {{rf{9}}} holding the mystery of the faith with a clear conscience, {{rf{10}}} and these also must be tested first; then let them serve if they are above reproach. {{rf{11}}} The wives likewise must be dignified, not slanderous, temperate, faithful in all things. {{rf{12}}} Deacons must be husbands of one wife, managing their children and their own households well. {{rf{13}}} For those who have served well acquire a good standing for themselves, and great boldness in the faith that is in Christ Jesus. {{rf{14}}} I am writing these things to you, hoping to come to you in a short time. {{rf{15}}} But if I am delayed, I am writing in order that you may know how one must conduct oneself in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and mainstay of the truth. {{rf{16}}} And most certainly, great is the mystery of godliness: Who was revealed in the flesh, was vindicated by the Spirit, was seen by angels, was proclaimed among the Gentiles, was believed on in the world, was taken up in glory. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Tim-03-01]] }}}
Now the Spirit explicitly says that in the last times some will depart from the faith, paying attention to deceitful spirits and teachings of demons, {{rf{2}}} by the hypocrisy of liars, who are seared in their own conscience, {{rf{3}}} who forbid marrying and insist on abstaining from foods that God created for sharing in with thankfulness by those who believe and who know the truth, {{rf{4}}} because everything created by God is good and nothing is to be rejected if it is received with thankfulness, {{rf{5}}} for it is made holy by the word of God and prayer. {{rf{6}}} By teaching these things to the brothers, you will be a good servant of Christ Jesus, trained in the words of the faith and of the good teaching that you have followed faithfully. {{rf{7}}} But reject those worthless myths told by elderly women, and train yourself for godliness. {{rf{8}}} For the training of the body is somewhat profitable, but godliness is profitable for everything, because it holds promise for the present life and for the life to come. {{rf{9}}} The statement is trustworthy and deserving of complete acceptance. {{rf{10}}} For to this end we labor and suffer reproach, because we have put our hope in the living God, who is the Savior of all people, especially of believers. {{rf{11}}} Command these things and teach them. {{rf{12}}} Let no one look down on your youth, but be an example for the believers in word, in conduct, in love, in faith, in purity. {{rf{13}}} Until I come, pay attention to the public reading, to exhortation, to teaching. {{rf{14}}} Do not neglect the gift that is in you, that was granted to you through prophecy with the laying on of hands by the council of elders. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Tim-04-01]] }}}
 {{rf{15}}} Practice these things. Be diligent in these things, in order that your progress may be evident to everyone. {{rf{16}}} Fix your attention on yourself and on your teaching. Continue in them, for by doing this you will save both yourself and those who hear you. {{rf big{1}}} Do not rebuke an older man, but appeal to him as a father, younger men as brothers, {{rf{2}}} older women as mothers, younger women as sisters, with all purity. {{rf{3}}} Honor widows who are truly widows. {{rf{4}}} But if any widow has children or grandchildren, they must learn to show profound respect for their own household first, and to pay back recompense to their parents, for this is pleasing in the sight of God. {{rf{5}}} But the widow who is one truly, and is left alone, has put her hope in God and continues in her petitions and prayers night and day. {{rf{6}}} But the one who lives for sensual pleasure is dead even though she lives. {{rf{7}}} And command these things, in order that they may be irreproachable. {{rf{8}}} But if someone does not provide for his own relatives, and especially the members of his household, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever. {{rf{9}}} Let a widow be put on the list if she is not less than sixty years old, the wife of one husband, {{rf{10}}} being well-attested by good works, if she has brought up children, if she has shown hospitality, if she has washed the feet of the saints, if she has helped those who are oppressed, if she has devoted herself to every good work. {{rf{11}}} But refuse younger widows, for whenever their physical desires lead them away from Christ, they want to marry, {{rf{12}}} thus incurring condemnation because they have broken their former pledge. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Tim-04-15]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} And at the same time also, going around from house to house, they learn to be idle, and not only idle, but also gossipy and busybodies, saying the things that are not necessary. {{rf{14}}} Therefore I want younger widows to marry, to bear children, to manage a household, to give the adversary no opportunity for reproach. {{rf{15}}} For already some have turned away and followed after Satan. {{rf{16}}} If any believing woman has widows, she must help them, and the church must not be burdened, in order that it may help those who are truly widows. {{rf{17}}} The elders who lead well must be considered worthy of double honor, especially those who labor by speaking and teaching. {{rf{18}}} For the scripture says, "You must not muzzle an ox while it is threshing," and "The worker is worthy of his wages." {{rf{19}}} Do not accept an accusation against an elder except on the evidence of two or three witnesses. {{rf{20}}} Reprove those who sin in the presence of all, in order that the rest also may experience fear. {{rf{21}}} I testify solemnly before God and Christ Jesus and the elect angels that you observe these things without prejudice, doing nothing according to partiality. {{rf{22}}} Lay hands on no one hastily, and do not participate in the sins of others. Keep yourself pure. {{rf{23}}} (No longer drink only water, but use a little wine for your stomach and your frequent illnesses.) {{rf{24}}} The sins of some people are evident, preceding them to judgment, but for some also they follow after them. {{rf{25}}} Likewise also good works are evident, and those considered otherwise are not able to be hidden. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Tim-05-13]] }}}
All those who are under the yoke as slaves must regard their own masters as worthy of all honor, lest the name of God and the teaching be slandered. {{rf{2}}} And those who have believing masters must not look down on them because they are brothers, but rather they must serve, because those who benefit by their service are believers and dearly loved. {{rf{3}}} If anyone teaches other doctrine and does not devote himself to the sound words of our Lord Jesus Christ and the teaching that is in accordance with godliness, {{rf{4}}} he is conceited, understanding nothing, but having a morbid interest concerning controversies and disputes about words, from which come envy, strife, slanders, evil suspicions, {{rf{5}}} constant wrangling by people of depraved mind and deprived of the truth, who consider godliness to be a means of gain. {{rf{6}}} But godliness with contentment is a great means of gain. {{rf{7}}} For we have brought nothing into the world, so that neither can we bring anything out. {{rf{8}}} But if we have food and clothing, with these things we will be content. {{rf{9}}} But those who want to be rich fall into temptation and a trap and many foolish and harmful desires, which plunge those people into ruin and destruction. {{rf{10}}} For the love of money is a root of all evil, by which some, because they desire it, have gone astray from the faith and have pierced themselves with many pains. {{rf{11}}} But you, O man of God, flee from these things, and pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patient endurance, gentleness. {{rf{12}}} Fight the good fight of the faith; take hold of the eternal life to which you were called, and confessed the good confession in the presence of many witnesses. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Tim-06-01]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} I command you, in the sight of God who gives life to all things and Christ Jesus who testified the good confession before Pontius Pilate, {{rf{14}}} that you observe the commandment without fault, irreproachable until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ, {{rf{15}}} which he will make known in his own time, the blessed and only Sovereign, the King of those who reign as kings and Lord of those who rule as lords, {{rf{16}}} the one who alone possesses immortality, who lives in unapproachable light, whom no human being has seen nor is able to see, to whom be honor and eternal power. Amen. {{rf{17}}} Command those who are rich in this present age not to be proud and not to put their hope in the uncertainty of riches, but in God, who provides us all things richly for enjoyment, {{rf{18}}} to do good, to be rich in good works, to be generous, sharing freely, {{rf{19}}} storing up for themselves a good foundation for the future, in order that they may take hold of what is truly life. {{rf{20}}} O Timothy, guard what has been entrusted to you. Turn away from pointless empty talk and contradictions of what is falsely called knowledge, {{rf{21}}} which some, by professing it, have deviated concerning the faith. Grace be with you all. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|1Tim-06-13]] }}}
And Solomon the son of David strengthened himself concerning his kingdom, and Yahweh his God was with him and made him exceedingly great. {{rf{2}}} And Solomon spoke to all Israel, to the commanders of thousands and of hundreds, and to the judges, and to all the leaders for all Israel, the heads of the families. {{rf{3}}} And Solomon and the whole assembly with him went to the high place that was at Gibeon, for the tent of assembly of God that Moses the servant of Yahweh had made in the desert was there. {{rf{4}}} (But the ark of God David had brought up from Kiriath-Jearim to the place David had prepared for it, for David had pitched a tent for it in Jerusalem.) {{rf{5}}} And the bronze altar that Bezalel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, had made was there before the tabernacle of Yahweh. And Solomon and the assembly sought it out. {{rf{6}}} And Solomon went up there to the bronze altar before Yahweh, which was at the tent of assembly, and he offered upon it a thousand burnt offerings. {{rf{7}}} On that night God appeared to Solomon and said to him, "Ask what I shall give to you." {{rf{8}}} Then Solomon said to God, "You yourself have shown steadfast loyal love to David my father and have made me king in his place. {{rf{9}}} Now, O Yahweh God, let your word to David my father be fulfilled, for you yourself have made me king over a people as numerous as the dust of the earth. {{rf{10}}} Now, give to me wisdom and knowledge that I may go out and come in before this people, for who can judge this, your great people?" {{rf{11}}} Then God said to Solomon, "Because this was with your heart and you did not ask for wealth, possessions, honor, and the lives of your enemies, and also did not ask for long life, but have asked for wisdom and knowledge that you might judge my people over whom I have made you king, {{rf{12}}} wisdom and knowledge is given to you. And I will also give to you wealth, possessions, and honor, the like of which was not had by the kings who were before you, nor will there be the like after you." {{rf{13}}} So Solomon went from the high place which was at Gibeon to Jerusalem before the tent of assembly. And he reigned over Israel. {{rf{14}}} And Solomon gathered chariots and horsemen. And he had one thousand four hundred chariots and twelve thousand horsemen, and he placed them in the chariot cities and with the king in Jerusalem. {{rf{15}}} And the king made silver and gold in Jerusalem like the stones. And he made cedar as abundant as the sycamore fig trees that were in the Shephelah. {{rf{16}}} And Solomon's horses were imported from Egypt and from Kue. The traders of the king received them from Kue at a price. {{rf{17}}} They went up and exported a chariot from Egypt for six hundred shekels of silver and a horse for one hundred and fifty shekels. And these were likewise exported to all the kings of the Hittites and the kings of Aram. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-01-01]] }}}
<<Bbl 2Ch 2:7 abbr >> harkens to Exodus (find ref).   Huram abi (7) and Hiram (8).


{{holyquote{
...any plea that is made by any person and by all your people Israel, each one who knows his own affliction and his own anguish...  <<Bbl 2Ch 6:28 abbr >>
}}}

<<Bbl 2Ch 27:2 abbr >> 	Perhaps one is allowed a wry smile at this point. 

<<Bbl 2Chron 33:10 abbr >>,12. Verb, //hearing//.			
<<Bbl 2Chron 33:18 abbr >>-19. This closing summary is evocative, didactic, citing twice the prayer of repentance.
<<Bbl 2Chron 33:6 abbr >>	ref <<Bbl Jer 15:4 >> 

<<Bbl 2Ch 34:8 abbr >>-21. Suddenly the concern switches from the material to the spiritual. The emphasis on accountability changes from money to God's word. But it is no rebuke against the concern about the money. Rather the faithfulness in money presages the discovery of the scripture. Faithful in a little thing, they are entrusted with a greater  thing.

<<Bbl 2Chron 36:15 abbr >>-16	
{{holyquote{
And Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, had repeatedly and persistently sent to them by the hand of his messengers, because he had compassion on his people and on his dwelling place.  But they were mocking the messengers of God and despising his words and scoffing at his prophets until the wrath of Yahweh rose against his people until there was no remedy.
}}}
 And Solomon planned to build a house for the name of Yahweh and a royal palace for himself. {{rf{2}}} And Solomon assigned seventy thousand men to bear burdens and eighty thousand quarriers in the hill country, and three thousand six hundred men to supervise them. {{rf{3}}} And Solomon sent word to Huram king of Tyre, saying, "As you have dealt with David my father and sent cedar to him to build for himself a house in which to live, please deal with me. {{rf{4}}} Look, I am building a house for the name of Yahweh my God to dedicate to him, to offer sweet spices of incense before him, and for the regular rows of bread, and burnt offerings for mornings, evenings, Sabbaths, and new moon festivals, and for appointed feasts of Yahweh our God which are everlasting for Israel. {{rf{5}}} And the house that I am building will be great, for our God is greater than all gods. {{rf{6}}} Now who indeed has adequate strength to build a house for him? For the heavens and the highest heavens are not able to contain him. Now who am I that I would build a house for him, except to burn incense before him? {{rf{7}}} So then, send to me skilled men to work with gold, silver, bronze, and iron, and with purple, crimson, and blue fabric, knowledgeable in engraving, with the skilled men who are with me in Judah and in Jerusalem, whom David my father has established. {{rf{8}}} Send me trees of cedar, cypress, and algum from Lebanon, for I myself know that your servants are knowledgeable in cutting the trees of Lebanon. Now see, my servants will be with your servants {{rf{9}}} to prepare trees in abundance for me, for the house that I am building will be great and wonderful. {{rf{10}}} Now see, I will provide twenty thousand dry measures of crushed wheat, twenty thousand dry measures of barley, twenty thousand baths of wine, and twenty thousand baths of oil to the woodcarvers and those who cut timber." {{rf{11}}} Then Huram king of Tyre answered in a letter, and he sent word to Solomon: "Because Yahweh loves his people, he has made you king over them." {{rf{12}}} Then Huram said, "Blessed be Yahweh, the God of Israel, who has made the heavens and the earth, who has given to King David a wise son knowing discretion and understanding, who will build for Yahweh a house and a royal palace for himself. {{rf{13}}} So now I have sent a skilled man, knowledgeable and with understanding: my master Huram, {{rf{14}}} a son of a woman from the daughters of Dan, and his father was a man of Tyre, knowledgeable for working with gold, silver, bronze, iron, stone, and wood, and with purple, blue, and crimson fabric, and with fine linen, for engraving any engraving and devising any plan that is given to him, with your skilled men and the skilled men of my lord David your father. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-02-01]] }}}
 {{rf{15}}} Now as for the wheat, barley, oil, and wine that my lord mentioned, let him send that to his servants. {{rf{16}}} And we ourselves will cut trees from Lebanon according to all your need, and we will bring them to you on rafts over the sea to Joppa, so that you may bring them up to Jerusalem." {{rf{17}}} Then Solomon counted all the resident alien men who were in the land of Israel after the census that David his father had taken of them. And there were found one hundred and fifty-three thousand. {{rf{18}}} And he appointed from them seventy thousand to bear burdens, eighty thousand to quarry in the hill country, and three thousand six hundred overseers to make the people work. {{rf big{1}}} Then Solomon began to build the house of Yahweh in Jerusalem, on Mount Moriah, where Yahweh had appeared to David his father, at the place that David had established, on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. {{rf{2}}} And he began to build in the second month of the fourth year of his reign. {{rf{3}}} Now these were the measurements of Solomon for building the house of God: the length in cubits by the former measurement was sixty cubits, and the width was twenty cubits. {{rf{4}}} The length of the portico that was in front was the same as the front of the width of the house: twenty cubits. And its height was one hundred and twenty cubits. And he overlaid it on the inside with pure gold. {{rf{5}}} And the great house itself he covered with cypress wood, then he overlaid it with pure gold. And he put on it palm tree images and ornate chains. {{rf{6}}} Then he overlaid the house with precious stone as decoration. (Now the gold was the gold of Parvaim.) {{rf{7}}} And he overlaid the house with gold -- the beams, the thresholds, the walls, and the doors. And he carved cherubim upon the walls. {{rf{8}}} Then he made the most holy place. Its length was equal to the width of the house: twenty cubits. And its breadth was twenty cubits. And he overlaid it with six hundred talents of fine gold. {{rf{9}}} And the weight for the nails was fifty shekels of gold. And he overlaid its upper rooms with gold. {{rf{10}}} And he made two sculpted wood cherubim in the most holy place, and he overlaid them with gold. {{rf{11}}} The length of the outstretched wings of the cherubim were twenty cubits; one wing of five cubits touched the wall of the house, and the other wing of five cubits was touching the outstretched wing of the other cherub. {{rf{12}}} And the wing of five cubits of the other cherub was touching the wall of the house, and its other wing five cubits long touching the wing of the first cherub. {{rf{13}}} The wings of these cherubim extended twenty cubits, and they were standing on their feet, their faces toward the house. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-02-15]] }}}
 {{rf{14}}} And he made the curtain of blue and purple and crimson and fine linen, and put cherubim on it. {{rf{15}}} And at the front of the house he made two columns, thirty-five cubits high, and the capital on their top was five cubits. {{rf{16}}} And he made decorative chains in the inner sanctuary and put them on top of the columns. And he made one hundred pomegranate ornaments, and put them on the chains. {{rf{17}}} And he erected the columns in front of the temple, one on the south and one on the north. He called the name of the southern one Jakin, and the name of the northern one Boaz. {{rf big{1}}} And he made an altar of bronze, twenty cubits was its length, and twenty cubits was its width, and ten cubits was its height. {{rf{2}}} Then he made the sea of molten metal, from brim to brim it was ten cubits, completely round. And it was five cubits in height, and its circumference measured thirty cubits. {{rf{3}}} Under it were figures of oxen all around it, ten cubits high, encircling the sea all around. The oxen were in two rows cast as one piece with it. {{rf{4}}} It was standing upon twelve oxen, three facing north, and three facing west, and three facing south, and three facing east. The sea was set upon them from above, and all their hindquarters faced inward. {{rf{5}}} And its thickness was a handbreadth, and its brim was like the working of the lip of a cup, the blossom of a lily. And it held three thousand baths. {{rf{6}}} And he made ten basins. And he set five on the south and five on the north in which to wash; they washed off the work of the burnt offering in them, but the sea was for the priests to wash therein. {{rf{7}}} And he made ten golden lampstands according to their custom, and he set them in the temple, five on the south and five on the north. {{rf{8}}} And he made ten tables and placed them in the temple, five on the south and five on the north. And he made a hundred drinking bowls of gold. {{rf{9}}} And he made the courtyard of the priests and the great outer courtyard and the doors for the outer court. And he overlaid their doors with bronze. {{rf{10}}} And he set the sea at the southeast corner of the temple. {{rf{11}}} And Huram made the pots, the shovels, and the drinking bowls. So Hiram finished making the work that he made on the house of God for King Solomon: {{rf{12}}} the two columns, the bowls, and the two capitals on top of the columns, and the two latticeworks to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on top of the columns, {{rf{13}}} and the four hundred pomegranates for the two latticeworks, two rows of pomegranates for the latticework, to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were before the columns. {{rf{14}}} And he made the water carts, and he made the basins on the water carts, {{rf{15}}} and the one sea and the twelve oxen underneath it. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-03-14]] }}}
 {{rf{16}}} And Huram-abi made for King Solomon the pots, the shovels, the three-pronged meat forks, and all the utensils of polished bronze for the house of Yahweh. {{rf{17}}} The king cast them in the plain of the Jordan, in the clay soil between Succoth and Zeredah. {{rf{18}}} Solomon made all these utensils in great abundance, for the weight of the bronze could not be determined. {{rf{19}}} So Solomon made all the objects that were in the house of God: the altar of gold; the tables upon which was the bread of the presence; {{rf{20}}} the lampstands, and the lamps for burning according to the custom before the inner sanctuary, of solid gold; {{rf{21}}} and the blossoms, the lamps, and the tongs that were of solid gold; {{rf{22}}} and the snuffers, the drinking bowls, the dishes, and the firepans, of solid gold; and the entrance to the house, the inner doors to the most holy place, and the doors to the house of the temple were of gold. {{rf big{1}}} When all the work that Solomon did for the house of Yahweh was finished, Solomon brought the holy objects of David his father: the silver, the gold, and all the objects he had put into the storehouses of the house of God. {{rf{2}}} Then Solomon assembled all the elders of Israel and all the heads of the tribes, the leaders of the families for the Israelites, to Jerusalem in order to bring up the ark of the covenant of Yahweh from the city of David, which is Zion. {{rf{3}}} And all the men of Israel assembled before the king at the feast that is in the seventh month. {{rf{4}}} And all the elders of Israel came, and the Levites took up the ark. {{rf{5}}} And they brought up the ark, the tent of assembly, and all the holy objects that were in the tent; the Levitical priests brought them up. {{rf{6}}} And King Solomon and the whole community of Israel that was assembled before him were before the ark, sacrificing sheep and cattle that could not be counted nor numbered for abundance. {{rf{7}}} Then the priests brought up the ark of the covenant of Yahweh to its place in the inner sanctuary of the house, into the most holy place, underneath the wings of the cherubim. {{rf{8}}} The cherubim were spreading their wings over the place of the ark, so that the cherubim were covering the ark and over its poles from above. {{rf{9}}} But the poles were so long that the ends of the poles from the ark were seen from before the inner sanctuary, but they could not be seen from the outside. And they are there until this day. {{rf{10}}} There was nothing in the ark but the two stone tablets that Moses had put inside at Horeb on which Yahweh had made a covenant with the Israelites when they went out from Egypt. {{rf{11}}} And when the priests came out of the sanctuary (for all the priests who were present sanctified themselves without keeping their divisions) {{rf{12}}} and all the Levitical singers -- Asaph, Heman, Jeduthun, their sons, their brothers, dressed in fine linen, with cymbals, harps, and stringed instruments -- they were standing to the east of the altar. And with them outside were one hundred and twenty priests who were trumpet blowers. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-04-16]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} And it was the primary duty of the trumpeters and singers to make themselves heard with one voice, to praise and give thanks to Yahweh. And when a sound from the trumpets, cymbals, and other instruments of song was raised to Yahweh -- for he is good, because his loyal love is everlasting -- then the house, the house of Yahweh, was filled with a cloud. {{rf{14}}} And the priests were not able to stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of Yahweh filled the house of God. {{rf big{1}}} Then Solomon said, "Yahweh has decided to dwell in the deep gloom. {{rf{2}}} But I have built for you an exalted house, even a place for you to dwell in forever." {{rf{3}}} Then the king turned around and blessed all the assembly of Israel, and all the assembly of Israel were standing. {{rf{4}}} And he said, "Blessed be Yahweh, the God of Israel, who spoke with his mouth with David my father, and with his hands he has fulfilled it, saying, {{rf{5}}} 'From the day that I brought my people out of the land of Egypt I did not choose a city among all the tribes of Israel to build a house in order for my name to be there. Nor did I choose a man to be leader over my people Israel. {{rf{6}}} But I have chosen my name to be there in Jerusalem, and I have chosen David to be over my people Israel.' {{rf{7}}} Now, it was in the heart of David my father to build a house for the name of Yahweh, the God of Israel. {{rf{8}}} But Yahweh said to David my father, 'Because it was in your heart to build a house for my name, you did well that it was in your heart, {{rf{9}}} but you yourself will not build the house, but your son who will proceed from your loins; he himself will build the house for my name.' {{rf{10}}} Now Yahweh has fulfilled his word that he spoke. I have risen in the place of David my father and am seated on the throne of Israel as Yahweh has spoken. I have built the house for the name of Yahweh, the God of Israel. {{rf{11}}} And I have there the ark in which is the covenant of Yahweh that he made with the Israelites." {{rf{12}}} Then Solomon stood before the altar of Yahweh before all the assembly of Israel and spread out his hands. {{rf{13}}} (For Solomon had made a platform of bronze five cubits long and five cubits wide and three cubits high, and placed it in the midst of the outer court.) And he stood upon it, then knelt down on his knees before the whole assembly of Israel and spread out his hands to heaven. {{rf{14}}} And he said, "O Yahweh, God of Israel, there is none like you, a God in the heavens and on the earth, keeping the covenant and loyal love with your servants who walk before you with all their heart, {{rf{15}}} that you have kept for your servant David my father what you spoke to him. You spoke with your mouth, and by your hand you have fulfilled it on this day. {{rf{16}}} And now, O Yahweh, God of Israel, keep for your servant David, my father, what you have spoken to him, saying, 'You shall not lack a man to sit on the throne of Israel before me, if only your sons keep their way, to walk in my law as you have walked before me.' {{rf{17}}} And now, O Yahweh, God of Israel, let your word that you have spoken to your servant David be confirmed. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-05-13]] }}}
 {{rf{18}}} "But will God indeed dwell with humankind upon the earth? Look, the heavens and the highest heavens cannot contain you! Surely then this house that I have built will not contain you! {{rf{19}}} But turn to the prayer of your servant and to his plea, O Yahweh my God, to hearken to the pleading and to the prayer that your servant is praying before you, {{rf{20}}} that your eyes may be open day and night to this house, to the place that you have promised to place your name there, that you may hear the prayer that your servant has prayed to this place. {{rf{21}}} And listen to the pleas of your servant and your people Israel when they pray toward this place, that you yourself might hear from the place of your dwelling, from the heavens, that you might hear and forgive. {{rf{22}}} "If a man sins against his neighbor and makes him swear an oath and comes with an oath before your altar in this house, {{rf{23}}} then may you yourself hear from the heavens and act and judge your servants, to repay the guilty by bringing his way upon his head and to vindicate the righteous by giving to him according to his righteousness. {{rf{24}}} "And if your people Israel are defeated before an enemy because they have sinned against you and they repent and confess your name and pray and plead before you in this house, {{rf{25}}} then may you yourself hear from the heavens and forgive the sin of your people Israel and again bring them back to the land that you gave to them and to their ancestors. {{rf{26}}} "When the heavens are stopped up and there is no rain because they have sinned against you and they pray to this place and confess your name and turn back from their sin when you humble them, {{rf{27}}} then may you yourself hear from the heavens and forgive the sin of your servants and your people Israel, when you teach them the good way in which they should walk, and give rain upon your land that you have given to your people as an inheritance. {{rf{28}}} "If there is a famine in the land; if there is disease, blight, mildew, locust, and caterpillar; if it happens that his enemy lays siege to him in the land and his gates; any kind of plague, any kind of disease, {{rf{29}}} then any prayer, any plea that is made by any person and by all your people Israel, each one who knows his own affliction and his own anguish and who spreads out his hands to this house, {{rf{30}}} then may you yourself hear from the heavens, your dwelling place, and forgive and give to each according to all his ways, since you know the heart of the children of humankind, {{rf{31}}} that they may fear you and walk in your ways all the days that they are alive upon the face of the land that you have given to our ancestors. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-06-18]] }}}
 {{rf{32}}} "And also, with respect to the foreigner, he who is not of your people Israel, but comes from a distant land, for the sake of your great name and your powerful hand and outstretched arm, when he comes and prays to this house, {{rf{33}}} then may you yourself hear from the heavens, from your dwelling place, and do according to all that the foreigner asks of you, so that all peoples of earth will know of your name and fear you, as do your people Israel, and that they may know that your name possesses this house that I have built. {{rf{34}}} "When your people go out to battle against their enemy according to the way that you have sent them, and they pray to you toward this city that you have chosen and the house that I have built for your name, {{rf{35}}} then may you hear their prayer and their pleas from the heavens and uphold their case. {{rf{36}}} When they sin against you -- for there is no person who does not sin -- and you become angry with them and place them before their enemy that they carry them away as captives to a land far or near, {{rf{37}}} but if they repent in the land where they were taken captive and repent and beg you for mercy in the land of their captivity, saying, 'We have sinned and acted perversely and done wickedly, {{rf{38}}} and we return to you,' with their whole heart and with all their inmost being in the land of their captivity where they took them captive, and if they pray toward their land that you have given to their ancestors and the city that you have chosen and to the house that I have built for your name, {{rf{39}}} then may you hear their prayer and their pleas from the heavens, from your dwelling place, and uphold their case and forgive your people who sinned against you. {{rf{40}}} Now, O my God, please let your eyes be open and your ears attentive to the prayer of this place! {{rf{41}}} "And now arise, O Yahweh God, to your resting place, you and the ark of your strength! O Yahweh God, let the priests be clothed with salvation, and let your holy ones rejoice in your goodness! {{rf{42}}} O Yahweh God, do not turn away the face of your anointed one! Remember the loyal love of your servant, David!" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-06-32]] }}}
And when Solomon finished praying, then fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices, and the glory of Yahweh filled the house. {{rf{2}}} And the priests were not able to go into the house of Yahweh, for the glory of Yahweh had filled the house. {{rf{3}}} When all the Israelites saw the fire come down and the glory of Yahweh upon the house, they knelt down with their faces to the ground on the pavement and worshiped and gave thanks to Yahweh, for he is good, for his loyal love is everlasting. {{rf{4}}} Then the king and all the people were offering a sacrifice before Yahweh. {{rf{5}}} And King Solomon offered a sacrifice of twenty-two thousand cattle and one hundred and twenty thousand sheep. So the king and all the people dedicated the house of God. {{rf{6}}} And the priests stood at their posts with the Levites, with the instruments of the song of Yahweh that King David had made to give thanks to Yahweh -- for his loyal love is everlasting -- whenever David offered praise by their hand. Now the priests sounded trumpets standing opposite them, and all Israel stood. {{rf{7}}} And Solomon consecrated the middle of the courtyard that was before the house of Yahweh, for there he had made the burnt offerings and the fat of the fellowship offerings, for the bronze altar that Solomon had made was not able to hold the burnt offerings, cereal offerings, and the fat. {{rf{8}}} And Solomon held a feast at that time of seven days. And all Israel was with him, a very great assembly, from Lebo-Hamath to the river of Egypt. {{rf{9}}} And on the eighth day they made a solemn assembly, for they held the dedication of the altar seven days and the feast seven days. {{rf{10}}} And on the twenty-third day of the seventh month he sent the people away to their tents rejoicing and festive of heart on account of the goodness that Yahweh had done for David, Solomon, and Israel his people. {{rf{11}}} And Solomon finished the house of Yahweh and the house of the king. And all that came into the heart of Solomon to do with respect to the house of Yahweh and his own house he accomplished. {{rf{12}}} Then Yahweh appeared to Solomon at night and said to him, "I have heard your prayer and have chosen this place for myself as a house of sacrifice. {{rf{13}}} When I hold back the heavens so that there is not rain, and when I command the locust to devour the earth, and if I send disease among my people, {{rf{14}}} then if my people who are called by my name will humble themselves and will pray and will seek my face and will turn from their evil ways, then I myself shall hear from the heavens and will forgive their sins and heal their land. {{rf{15}}} Now my eyes will be open and my ears attentive to the prayer of this place. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-07-01]] }}}
 {{rf{16}}} And now I have chosen and consecrated this house for my name to be there forever. My eyes and my heart will be there for all time. {{rf{17}}} Now as for you, if you will walk before me as David your father walked and do according to all that I have commanded you and will keep my ordinances and judgments, {{rf{18}}} then I will establish the throne of your kingdom as I promised to David your father, saying, 'A man shall not be cut off for you from ruling over Israel.' {{rf{19}}} "But if you turn yourselves away and forsake my ordinances and my commandments which I have given before you all and will go and serve other gods and bow down to them, {{rf{20}}} then I will uproot them from upon my land that I have given to them, and this house that I have consecrated for my name I will send away from before my face, and I will make it a proverb and a taunt among all the nations. {{rf{21}}} And as for this house, which was exalted, all who pass by it will be appalled and will say, 'Why has Yahweh done thus to this land and to this house?' {{rf{22}}} Then they will say, 'Because they forsook Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, who brought them out from the land of Egypt, and they laid hold of other gods and worshiped them and served them. Therefore he has brought upon them all this evil.'" {{rf big{1}}} And it happened that at the end of twenty years in which Solomon had built the house of Yahweh and his own house, {{rf{2}}} Solomon also built the cities that Huram had given to him, and he settled the Israelites in them. {{rf{3}}} And Solomon went to Hamath-Zobah and laid siege upon it. {{rf{4}}} And he built Tadmor in the desert, and he built all the storage cities in Hamath. {{rf{5}}} He also built Upper Beth-Horon and Lower Beth-Horon, fortified cities with walls, gates, and bars; {{rf{6}}} Baalath and all the storage cities that belonged to Solomon; all the cities for chariots and cities for horses; and any desire of Solomon that he desired to build in Jerusalem, in Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion. {{rf{7}}} All the people who remained from the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites who were not from Israel, {{rf{8}}} from the descendants who were left over after them in the land, whom the Israelites had not destroyed, Solomon conscripted them as forced labor until this day. {{rf{9}}} But from the Israelites Solomon did not give as servants for his work, but they were men of war, his commanders of his officers, and commanders of his chariots and his horses. {{rf{10}}} And these were the commanders of the garrisons that belonged to King Solomon, two hundred and fifty who exercised authority over the people. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-07-16]] }}}
 {{rf{11}}} And Solomon brought up the daughter of Pharaoh from the city of David to the house that he had built for her, for he said, "My wife shall not dwell in the house of David, king of Israel, for those places to which the ark of Yahweh has come are holy. {{rf{12}}} Then Solomon offered burnt offerings to Yahweh on the altar of Yahweh that he had built before the portico, {{rf{13}}} as was the daily requirement, to offer up according to the commandments of Moses for Sabbaths, new moon festivals, and the three annual feasts: the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks, and the Feast of Booths. {{rf{14}}} And in accord with the ordinance of David his father he appointed working groups of priests for their service, Levites for their responsibilities for praise and cultic service before the priests according to the daily requirement, and the gatekeepers in their working groups, gate by gate. For thus David the man of God had commanded. {{rf{15}}} And they did not turn aside from the commandment of the king concerning the priests and the Levites concerning anything, and concerning the treasury rooms. {{rf{16}}} And Solomon accomplished all the work from the day the foundation stone was laid for the house of Yahweh until its completion, and the house of Yahweh was finished. {{rf{17}}} Then Solomon went to Ezion-Geber, and to Elath, on the edge of the sea in the land of Edom. {{rf{18}}} And Huram sent to him, by the hand of his servants, ships and servants knowledgeable of the sea. And they went with the servants of Solomon to Ophir, and from there they collected four hundred and fifty talents of gold and brought it to King Solomon. {{rf big{1}}} Now the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, and she came to Jerusalem to test Solomon with hard questions, with much wealth and camels, bearing spices and much gold and precious stones. And she came to Solomon and told him all that was on her mind. {{rf{2}}} And Solomon answered all her questions. Not a word was hidden from Solomon that he did not answer for her. {{rf{3}}} When the queen of Sheba saw the wisdom of Solomon and the house he had built, {{rf{4}}} and the food of his table, and the position of his officers, the duty of his servants and their clothing, his cupbearers and their clothing, and his burnt offerings that he offered at the house of Yahweh, there was no longer any breath in her. {{rf{5}}} And she said to the king, "The word which I heard in my land concerning your words and your wisdom is true, {{rf{6}}} but I did not believe their words until I came and saw with my own eyes. And behold, half the greatness of your wisdom was not reported to me; you surpass the rumors that I had heard. {{rf{7}}} Blessed are your men, and blessed are these your servants who stand before you regularly and hear your wisdom! {{rf{8}}} Blessed be Yahweh your God who took delight in you, to put you on his throne as king for Yahweh your God! Because your God loved Israel, he established him forever and has put you over them as king to do justice and righteousness!" {{rf{9}}} And she gave to the king one hundred and twenty talents of gold and a very great amount of spices and precious stones. And there were no spices such as those that the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-08-11]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} Moreover the servants of Hiram and the servants of Solomon who brought gold from Ophir brought algum wood and precious stones. {{rf{11}}} And the king made steps for the house of Yahweh and the house of the king, and lyres and harps for the singers from the algum wood. And there was not seen anything like them before in the land of Judah. {{rf{12}}} Now King Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba every desired thing she asked, besides what she had brought to the king. Then she turned and went to her land, she and her servants. {{rf{13}}} And it happened that the weight of the gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred and sixty-six talents of gold, {{rf{14}}} besides the gold and silver the traders and merchants brought, and all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the land brought. {{rf{15}}} And King Solomon made two hundred shields of beaten gold; six hundred shekels of beaten gold went into each shield. {{rf{16}}} And he made three hundred small shields of beaten gold; three hundred shekels went into each small shield. And the king put them in the House of the Forest of Lebanon. {{rf{17}}} And the king made a large ivory throne and overlaid it with pure gold. {{rf{18}}} And the throne had six steps, and a footstool of gold was attached to the throne. And there were armrests on each side. And by the seat were two lions standing beside the armrests. {{rf{19}}} And twelve lions were standing there on each of the six steps on each end. And there was nothing like it made in all the kingdom. {{rf{20}}} And all the drinking vessels of King Solomon were of gold, and all the vessels of the House of the Forest of Lebanon were of pure gold. Silver was not valued as anything in the days of Solomon. {{rf{21}}} For the ships of the king went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram. Once every three years the ships of Tarshish came carrying gold, silver, ivory, apes, and peacocks. {{rf{22}}} Thus King Solomon was greater than all the kings of the earth in wealth and wisdom. {{rf{23}}} And all the kings of the earth sought the face of Solomon to hear his wisdom that God put in his heart. {{rf{24}}} And each of them brought his gifts, objects of silver, objects of gold, cloaks, myrrh, spices, horses, and mules, as an amount year by year. {{rf{25}}} And Solomon had four thousand stalls for horses and chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen. And he stationed them in the chariot cities and with the king in Jerusalem. {{rf{26}}} And he ruled over all the kings from the River to the land of the Philistines, to the boundary of Egypt. {{rf{27}}} And the king made silver in Jerusalem as stones, and he made cedar as the sycamore trees that are in the Shephelah for abundance. {{rf{28}}} And the horses were imported from Egypt and from all lands for Solomon. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-09-10]] }}}
 {{rf{29}}} As for the remainder of the words of Solomon from the first to the last, are they not written in the chronicles of Nathan the prophet and in the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite, and in the visions of Iddo the seer, concerning Jeroboam the son of Nebat? {{rf{30}}} And Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years. {{rf{31}}} And Solomon slept with his ancestors, and they buried him in the city of David his father. And Rehoboam his son reigned in his place. {{rf big{1}}} Then Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had come to Shechem to make him king. {{rf{2}}} And it happened that when Jeroboam the son of Nebat heard it -- now he was in Egypt, where he had fled from the presence of King Solomon -- Jeroboam returned from Egypt. {{rf{3}}} And they sent and called him. Then Jeroboam and all Israel went, and they spoke to Rehoboam, saying, {{rf{4}}} "Your father made our yoke heavy. Now, therefore, lighten the hard service of your father and his heavy yoke which he put upon us, and we will serve you." {{rf{5}}} And he said to them, "In three days return to me again." And the people went away. {{rf{6}}} Then King Rehoboam took counsel with the elders who had been serving before Solomon his father when he was alive, saying, "What word do you advise to answer this people?" {{rf{7}}} And they said to him, "If you will be good to this people and please them, then speak good words to them. Then they will be your servants forever." {{rf{8}}} But he forsook the advice of the elders that advised him and took counsel of the young men who had grown up with him who were serving before him. {{rf{9}}} And he said to them, "What do you advise that we should say in return to this people, who said to me, 'Lighten the yoke that your father has put upon us'?" {{rf{10}}} Then the young men who had grown up with him said to him, "Thus you should say to this people who have said to you, 'Your father made our yoke heavy, so you yourself should lighten it for us.' Thus you should say to them, 'My little finger is thicker than the loins of my father. {{rf{11}}} So now, my father laid upon you a heavy yoke, but I myself will add to the yoke. My father disciplined you with whips, but I myself will do so with scorpions.'" {{rf{12}}} Then Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam on the third day as the king had spoken, saying, "Return to me on the third day." {{rf{13}}} And the king answered them harshly, and King Rehoboam forsook the advice of the elders. {{rf{14}}} And he spoke to them according to the advice of the young men, saying, "I will make your yoke heavy, and I myself will add to it. My father disciplined you with whips, but I will do so with scorpions." {{rf{15}}} So the king did not listen to the people, for it was a turning of events from God, so that Yahweh might fulfill his word that he had spoken by the hand of Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam son of Nebat. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-09-29]] }}}
 {{rf{16}}} So all Israel saw that the king would not listen to them, and the people answered the king, saying, "What portion is there for us in David? We have no inheritance in the son of Jesse. Each to your tents, O Israel! Now look to your own house, David!" And all Israel went to their own tents. {{rf{17}}} But as for the Israelites who were living in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam ruled over them. {{rf{18}}} Then King Rehoboam sent Hadoram, who was in charge of the forced labor, but the Israelites stoned him with stones, and he died. Then King Rehoboam hastily went up into the chariot to flee to Jerusalem. {{rf{19}}} So Israel has rebelled against the house of David until this day. {{rf big{1}}} When Rehoboam came to Jerusalem he assembled the house of Judah and Benjamin, one hundred and eighty thousand chosen warriors, to fight against Israel to restore the kingdom to Rehoboam. {{rf{2}}} But the word of Yahweh came to Shemaiah, the man of God, saying, {{rf{3}}} "Say to Rehoboam, son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all Israel in Judah and Benjamin, {{rf{4}}} 'Thus says Yahweh: "Do not go up, and do not fight against your brothers. Return, each man to his house, for this matter has come from me." '" So they obeyed the words of Yahweh and turned back from going against Jeroboam. {{rf{5}}} And Rehoboam lived in Jerusalem, and he built cities as strongholds in Judah. {{rf{6}}} He built Bethlehem, Etah, Tekoa, {{rf{7}}} Beth-Zur, Socoh, Adullam, {{rf{8}}} Gath, Mareshah, Ziph, {{rf{9}}} Adoraim, Lachish, Azekah, {{rf{10}}} Zorah, Aijalon, and Hebron, fortified cities that are in Judah and in Benjamin. {{rf{11}}} And he strengthened the fortifications and put commanders in them, along with stores of food, olive oil, and wine. {{rf{12}}} And in all the cities he put shields and spears, and he greatly strengthened them. So he had Judah and Benjamin. {{rf{13}}} Now the priests and the Levites who were throughout all Israel took their stand with him from all their territories. {{rf{14}}} For the Levites left their pasturelands and their property and came to Judah and to Jerusalem, for Jeroboam and his sons had rejected them from serving as priests to Yahweh. {{rf{15}}} And he appointed his own priests for the high places and for the goat idols and for the bull calves that he had made. {{rf{16}}} Then after them, from all the tribes of Israel, those who set their heart to seek Yahweh, the God of Israel, came to Jerusalem to offer to Yahweh, the God of their ancestors. {{rf{17}}} And they strengthened the kingdom of Judah and made Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, secure for three years, for they walked in the way of David and Solomon for three years. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-10-16]] }}}
 {{rf{18}}} Then Rehoboam took to himself as a wife Mahalath, the daughter of Yerimot son of David, and of Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse. {{rf{19}}} And she bore to him sons: Jeush, Shemariah, and Zaham. {{rf{20}}} And after her he took Maacah the daughter of Absalom, who bore to him Abijah, Attai, Ziza, and Shelomith. {{rf{21}}} And Rehoboam loved Maacah the daughter of Absalom more than all his wives and concubines (for he took eighteen wives and sixty concubines, and he fathered twenty-eight sons and sixty daughters). {{rf{22}}} And Rehoboam appointed Abijah the son of Maacah as chief and crown prince over his brothers, in order to make him king. {{rf{23}}} And he dealt wisely and distributed some of his sons throughout all the land of Judah and Benjamin, through all the fortified cities, and gave abundant provisions to them and obtained many wives for them. {{rf big{1}}} And when the kingdom of Rehoboam was established and when he was strengthened, he forsook the law of Yahweh, and all Israel with him. {{rf{2}}} And it happened that in the fifth year of King Rehoboam (for they had acted unfaithfully against Yahweh), Shishak the king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem {{rf{3}}} with one thousand two hundred chariots and sixty thousand horsemen. And there was no number to the people who came up with him from Egypt -- Libyans, Sukkites, and Cushites. {{rf{4}}} And he took the fortified cities that belonged to Judah, and he came up to Jerusalem. {{rf{5}}} Then Shemaiah the prophet came to Rehoboam and the princes of Judah who had gathered at Jerusalem from before Shishak. And he said to them, "Thus says Yahweh: 'You yourselves have abandoned me, and I myself have surely abandoned you into the hand of Shishak.'" {{rf{6}}} Then the princes of Israel and the king humbled themselves and said, "Yahweh is righteous." {{rf{7}}} And when Yahweh saw that they humbled themselves, the word of Yahweh came to Shemaiah, saying, "They have humbled themselves; I will not destroy. I will give to them some way of escape, that my anger not be poured out against Jerusalem by the hand of Shishak. {{rf{8}}} However, they shall be his servants, that they might know my service and the service of the kingdoms of other countries." {{rf{9}}} Then Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, and he took the treasures out of the house of Yahweh and the treasures out of the king's house. He took everything. He also took the small shields of gold that Solomon had made. {{rf{10}}} And King Rehoboam made small shields of bronze in their place and committed them into the hand of the commanders of the guards who were keeping the entrance of the house of the king. {{rf{11}}} And whenever the king went into the house of Yahweh, the guards came and carried them, and then they returned them to the alcove of the guards. {{rf{12}}} And when he humbled himself, the anger of Yahweh was turned away from him, so that he did not destroy the city completely. Moreover, matters were well in Judah. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-11-18]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} So King Rehoboam was strengthened in Jerusalem, and he reigned there. Now, Rehoboam was forty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city where Yahweh had chosen to put his name out of all the tribes of Israel. And the name of his mother was Naamah the Ammonite. {{rf{14}}} And he did evil, for he did not set his heart to seek Yahweh. {{rf{15}}} Now the words of Rehoboam from the first to the last, are they not written in the chronicles of Shemaiah the prophet and Iddo the seer as a record? And there were battles between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all their days. {{rf{16}}} And Rehoboam slept with his ancestors, and he was buried in the city of David, and Abijah his son reigned in his place. {{rf big{1}}} In the eighteenth year of King Jeroboam, Abijah reigned over Judah. {{rf{2}}} He reigned for three years in Jerusalem. And the name of his mother was Micaiah the daughter of Uriel from Gibeah. Now there was war between Abijah and between Jeroboam. {{rf{3}}} And Abijah joined in the battle with an army of four hundred thousand battle-hardened warriors, chosen men, and Jeroboam put the battle in order against him with eight hundred thousand chosen men, an army of mighty warriors. {{rf{4}}} Then Abijah stood up on top of Mount Zemaraim that is in the hill country of Ephraim and said, "Hear me, O Jeroboam and all Israel! {{rf{5}}} Do you not all know that Yahweh the God of Israel gave the kingdom to David over Israel forever, to him and to his sons by a covenant of salt? {{rf{6}}} But Jeroboam the son of Nebat, a servant of Solomon the son of David, rose up and rebelled against his master, {{rf{7}}} and worthless men, sons of wickedness, were gathered about him and became hostile against Rehoboam the son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was a boy and gentle of heart and was not strong enough to stand before them. {{rf{8}}} So now you yourselves are considering that you are strong before the kingdom of Yahweh which is in the hand the sons of David, since you yourselves are a great multitude and you have bull calves of gold that Jeroboam has made for idols. {{rf{9}}} Did you not drive out the priests of Yahweh, the sons of Aaron, the Levites? Have you not made for yourselves priests like all the peoples of the lands? All who come to be consecrated for priestly service with a young bull or seven rams becomes a priest of what is not a god. {{rf{10}}} But as for us, Yahweh is our God, and we have not forsaken him. The priests serving Yahweh are the sons of Aaron, the Levites, according to their service. {{rf{11}}} They offer burnt offerings to Yahweh every morning and every evening, sweet spices of incense, and the rows of bread upon the pure table. And the golden lampstand with its lamps they keep kindled every evening, for we are keeping the requirement of Yahweh our God, but you yourselves have forsaken him. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-12-13]] }}}
 {{rf{12}}} And look, God is with us at the head, and his priests have the trumpets for sounding blasts against you, O sons of Israel. Do not fight against Yahweh, the God of your ancestors, for you will not succeed." {{rf{13}}} Then Jeroboam sent around an ambush to come behind them. So they were in front of Judah, but the ambush was behind them. {{rf{14}}} When Judah turned, then behold, the battle against them was in front and behind, and they cried to Yahweh, and the priests blew on the trumpets. {{rf{15}}} Then the men of Judah shouted, and it happened that when the men of Judah were shouting, then God defeated Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah. {{rf{16}}} And the Israelites fled from before Judah, and God gave them into their hand. {{rf{17}}} And Abijah and his people struck a great blow against them, and the dead from Israel that fell were five hundred thousand chosen men. {{rf{18}}} And the Israelites were subdued at that time, and the people of Judah were victorious, for they relied upon Yahweh the God of their ancestors. {{rf{19}}} And Abijah pursued after Jeroboam and took cities from him: Bethel with its villages, Jeshanah with its villages, and Ephron with its villages. {{rf{20}}} And Jeroboam did not regain strength again in the days of Abijah. And Yahweh plagued him and he died. {{rf{21}}} But Abijah became strong, and he took to himself fourteen wives and fathered twenty-two sons and sixteen daughters. {{rf{22}}} Now the rest of the words of Abijah and his ways and his words are written in the story of the prophet Iddo. {{rf big{1}}} And Abijah slept with his ancestors, and they buried him in the city of David. And Asa his son became king in his place. In his days the land was at rest ten years. {{rf{2}}} Asa did that which was good and right in the eyes of Yahweh his God. {{rf{3}}} He removed the foreign altars and high places, broke down the stone pillars, and cut down the Asherahs. {{rf{4}}} And he commanded Judah to seek Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, and to keep the law and the commandment. {{rf{5}}} And he removed the high places and the incense stands from all the cities of Judah, and the kingdom had rest under him. {{rf{6}}} And he built fortified cities in Judah, for the land was at rest. Under him there was no war in those years, for Yahweh had given rest to him. {{rf{7}}} And he said to Judah, "Let us build these cities and surround them with walls, towers, gates, and bars while the land is before us, because we have sought Yahweh our God. We have sought and he has given rest to us on every side." So they built and had success. {{rf{8}}} And Asa had an army of three hundred thousand from Judah, bearing shields and spears, and two hundred and eighty thousand from Benjamin who carried shields and drew bows. All of these were mighty warriors of strength. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-13-12]] }}}
 {{rf{9}}} Zerah the Cushite came out against them with an army of a thousand thousands and three hundred chariots. And he came to Mareshah. {{rf{10}}} And Asa went out before him, and a battle was put in order in the valley of Zepah at Mareshah. {{rf{11}}} Then Asa cried out to Yahweh his God. And he said, "O Yahweh, there is none with you to help between the great and the powerless. Help us, O Yahweh our God, for we rely upon you, and in your name we have come against this multitude. O Yahweh, you are our God! Let no man prevail against you!" {{rf{12}}} So Yahweh defeated the Cushites before Asa and before Judah, and the Cushites fled. {{rf{13}}} Then Asa and the army with him pursued them to Gerar. And many from the Cushites fell, for they had no deliverance, for they were shattered before Yahweh and before his army. And they carried away much war booty. {{rf{14}}} And they struck all the cities around Gerar, for the fear of Yahweh was upon them. And they plundered all the cities, for there was much plunder in them. {{rf{15}}} And they also struck the tents of the herdsmen and carried away many sheep and camels. Then they returned to Jerusalem. {{rf big{1}}} Now Azariah the son of Oded -- the Spirit of God came upon him. {{rf{2}}} And he went out before Asa and said to him, "Hear me, O Asa and all of Judah and Benjamin! Yahweh is with you while you are with him. And if you will seek him he will be found by you. But if you forsake him he will forsake you. {{rf{3}}} Now Israel has been without the true God many days, and without a teaching priest, and without law, {{rf{4}}} but at its trouble he returned to Yahweh, the God of Israel. They sought him, and he was found by them. {{rf{5}}} And in those times there was no peace for the one going out and the one coming in, for great tumults were upon all the inhabitants of the lands. {{rf{6}}} Nation was crushed by nation, and city was against city, for God threw them into confusion by all sorts of trouble. {{rf{7}}} But as for you, be strong and let not your hands be weak, for there is reward for your labor." {{rf{8}}} And when Asa heard these words, the prophecy of Oded the prophet, he took courage and removed the vile idols from all the lands of Judah and Benjamin, and from the cities that he had taken in the hill country of Ephraim, and he repaired the altar of Yahweh that was in front of the portico of Yahweh. {{rf{9}}} And he gathered all Judah and Benjamin and those sojourning with them, from Ephraim, Manasseh, and Simeon, for many had deserted to him from Israel when they saw that Yahweh his God was with him. {{rf{10}}} And they were gathered at Jerusalem in the third month of the fifteenth year of the reign of Asa. {{rf{11}}} And they sacrificed to Yahweh on that day from the war booty they brought back: seven hundred oxen and seven thousand sheep. {{rf{12}}} And they entered into a covenant to seek Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, with all their heart and with all their inmost being, {{rf{13}}} but all who will not seek Yahweh the God of Israel should be killed, from young to old, from men to women. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-14-09]] }}}
 {{rf{14}}} And they took an oath to Yahweh with a great voice, with shouting, with trumpets, and with horns. {{rf{15}}} And all Judah rejoiced over the oath, for they swore with all their heart. And they sought him with their whole desire, and he was found by them, and Yahweh gave rest to them all around. {{rf{16}}} And also Maacah, the mother of Asa, the king removed her from being queen, because she had made a repulsive image for Asherah. And Asa cut down her repulsive image, and he crushed and burned it at the Wadi Kidron. {{rf{17}}} But the high places were not removed from Israel. Nevertheless, the heart of Asa was fully devoted all his days. {{rf{18}}} And he brought the holy objects of his father and his own holy objects into the house of God -- silver and gold and vessels. {{rf{19}}} And there was no war until the thirty-fifth year of the reign of Asa. {{rf big{1}}} In the thirty-sixth year of the reign of Asa, Baasha the king of Israel went up against Judah. And he built Ramah in order not to allow anyone to go out or come in to Asa, king of Judah. {{rf{2}}} Then Asa brought out silver and gold from the storehouses of the house of Yahweh and the house of the king, and he sent them to Ben-Hadad, king of Aram, who lived in Damascus, saying, {{rf{3}}} "There is a covenant between me and you, as there was between my father and your father. Look, I am sending you silver and gold. Go, break your covenant with Baasha, king of Israel, that he might withdraw from me." {{rf{4}}} And Ben-Hadad listened to King Asa, and he sent commanders of his troops that were with him against the cities of Israel. And they struck Ijon, Dan, Abel-Maim, and all the storage cities of Naphtali. {{rf{5}}} And it happened that when Baasha heard this, he stopped building Ramah and ceased his work. {{rf{6}}} Then King Asa took all of Judah, and they carried away the stones of Ramah and its timber with which Baasha had been building, and he built Geba and Mizpah with them. {{rf{7}}} And at that time Hanani the seer came to Asa king of Judah and said to him, "On account of your reliance upon the king of Aram, and since you did not rely on Yahweh your God, therefore the troops of the king of Aram escaped from your hand. {{rf{8}}} Were not the Cushites and Libyans a mighty army with very abundant chariots and horsemen? And because of your reliance on Yahweh he gave them into your hand. {{rf{9}}} For the eyes of Yahweh roam throughout all the earth to strengthen those whose heart is fully devoted to him. You have been foolish in this, for from now on you will have wars." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-15-14]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} Then Asa was angry with the seer and put him in the prison, for he was enraged with him concerning this. And Asa oppressed some of the people at that time. {{rf{11}}} Now behold, the words of Asa from the first to the last, behold, they are written in the scroll of the kings of Judah and Israel. {{rf{12}}} And in the thirty-ninth year of his reign, he fell severely ill in his feet. But even in his illness he did not seek Yahweh, but only among the healers. {{rf{13}}} And Asa slept with his ancestors. And he died in the forty-first year of his reign. {{rf{14}}} And they buried him in his burial site, which had been cut out for him in the city of David. And they laid him on the bier which they had filled with all kinds of spices made by the perfumers as a fragment ointment. And they made a great fire in his honor. {{rf big{1}}} And Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his place, and he strengthened himself against Israel. {{rf{2}}} And he put troops in all the fortified cities of Judah, and put garrisons in the land of Judah and in the cities of Ephraim that Asa his father had taken. {{rf{3}}} And Yahweh was with Jehoshaphat, because he walked in the former ways of David his father and did not seek after the Baals, {{rf{4}}} but he sought after the God of his ancestors and walked in his commandments and not according to the works of Israel. {{rf{5}}} So Yahweh established the kingdom in his hand. And all Judah gave tribute to Jehoshaphat, and he had much wealth and honor. {{rf{6}}} And his heart was courageous in the ways of Yahweh. Moreover, he removed the high places and the Asherahs from Judah. {{rf{7}}} In the third year of his reign he sent his officials, Ben-Hail, Obadiah, Zechariah, Nethanel, and Micaiah, to teach in the cities of Judah; {{rf{8}}} and with them the Levites Shemaiah, Nethaniah, Zebadiah, Asahel, Shemiramoth, Jehonathan, Adonijah, Tobijah, and Tob-Adonijah; and with them the priests Elisham and Joram. {{rf{9}}} And they taught in Judah, and the scroll of the law of Yahweh was with them when they went around in all the cities of Judah, and they taught the people. {{rf{10}}} And the fear of Yahweh was upon all the kingdoms of the lands surrounding Judah, and they did not make war against Jehoshaphat. {{rf{11}}} And some of the Philistines brought a gift and silver to Jehoshaphat as tribute. The Arabians also brought him seven thousand seven hundred sheep and seven thousand seven hundred goats. {{rf{12}}} And Jehoshaphat grew greater and greater, and he built fortresses and storage cities in Judah. {{rf{13}}} And he had many supplies in the cities of Judah and mighty warriors for battle in Jerusalem. {{rf{14}}} Now these were their enrollment by the house of their ancestors: of Judah, the commanders of thousands: Adnah, the commander, and with him were three hundred thousand mighty armed warriors; {{rf{15}}} and at his side, Jehohanan the commander, and with him were two hundred and eighty thousand; {{rf{16}}} and at his side, Amasiah the son of Zicri, who had made a freewill offering to Yahweh, and with him were two hundred thousand mighty armed warriors. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-16-10]] }}}
 {{rf{17}}} And from Benjamin: Eliada, a powerful mighty warrior, and with him were two hundred thousand armed with bow and shield; {{rf{18}}} and at his side, Jehozabad, and with him were one hundred and eighty thousand armed for war. {{rf{19}}} These were serving the king, besides those whom the king had placed in the fortified cities throughout all Judah. {{rf big{1}}} Now Jehoshaphat had much wealth and honor, and he became son-in-law to Ahab. {{rf{2}}} And after some years he went down to Ahab in Samaria. And Ahab slaughtered many sheep and cattle for him and for the people who were with him, and urged him to go up against Ramoth-Gilead. {{rf{3}}} And Ahab the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, "Will you go up with me to Ramoth-Gilead?" And he answered him, "I am as you are, and my people are as your people with you in war." {{rf{4}}} Then Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, "Seek first of all the word of Yahweh." {{rf{5}}} Then the king of Israel gathered the prophets, four hundred men. And he said to them, "Shall we go to Ramoth-Gilead to battle, or shall we cease?" And they said, "Go up, since God will give it into the hand of the king." {{rf{6}}} Then Jehoshaphat said, "Is there not here another prophet of Yahweh that we might inquire of him?" {{rf{7}}} Then the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "There is yet one man by whom to seek Yahweh, but I hate him, because he never prophesies good concerning me, but always disaster. He is Micaiah the son of Imlah." Then Jehoshaphat said, "Let not the king say thus." {{rf{8}}} Then the king of Israel called to a eunuch and said, "Quickly bring Micaiah the son of Imlah." {{rf{9}}} Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah were each sitting on his throne, clothed in robes. And they were sitting at the threshing floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria, and all the prophets were prophesying before them. {{rf{10}}} And Zedekiah the son of Kenaanah made for himself horns of iron, and he said, "Thus says Yahweh: 'With these you will gore Aram to their destruction.'" {{rf{11}}} And all the prophets prophesied thus, saying, "Go up to Ramoth-Gilead and triumph! Yahweh will give it into the hand of the king." {{rf{12}}} Then the messenger who went to call Micaiah said to him, "Behold, the words of the prophets are good with one voice to the king. Please let your word be as one with them and speak good." {{rf{13}}} But Micaiah said, "As Yahweh lives, only what my God has said, that will I speak." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-17-17]] }}}
 {{rf{14}}} And when he had come to the king, the king said to him, "Micaiah, shall we go to Ramoth-Gilead to war or shall I cease?" And he said, "Go up and triumph! They shall be given into your hand." {{rf{15}}} But the king said to him, "How many times shall I make you swear that you speak nothing except the truth in the name of Yahweh?" {{rf{16}}} Then he said, "I saw all Israel scattered upon the mountains like sheep that had no shepherd. And Yahweh said, 'These have no masters; let them return to his own house in peace.'" {{rf{17}}} Then the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "Did I not say to you he would not prophesy good concerning me, but only disaster?" {{rf{18}}} Then Micaiah said, "Therefore hear the word of Yahweh: I saw Yahweh sitting upon his throne with all the host of heaven standing on his right and on his left. {{rf{19}}} And Yahweh said, 'Who will entice Ahab the king of Israel that he would go up and fall at Ramoth-Gilead?' And one said this, and another said that. {{rf{20}}} Then a spirit came forth and stood before Yahweh and said, 'I will entice him.' Then Yahweh said to him, 'By what means?' {{rf{21}}} Then he said, 'I will go forth and will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.' And he said, 'You will entice him and will also succeed. Go out and do so.' {{rf{22}}} So now, behold, Yahweh has put a spirit of deception into the mouths of these your prophets. Yahweh has spoken disaster against you." {{rf{23}}} Then Zedekiah the son of Kenaanah came near and struck Micaiah on the cheek and said, "Which way did the Spirit of Yahweh come from me to speak to you?" {{rf{24}}} Then Micaiah said, "Behold, you will see on that day when you go into a private room to hide yourself." {{rf{25}}} Then the king of Israel said, "Take Micaiah and return him to Amon the commander of the city and to Jehoash the son of the king, {{rf{26}}} and say, 'Thus says the king: "Put this one into the prison house, and let him eat a meager ration of bread and water until I return in peace." '" {{rf{27}}} And Micaiah said, "If you surely return in peace Yahweh has not spoken with me." Then he said, "Hear, peoples, all of them!" {{rf{28}}} Then the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah went up to Ramoth-Gilead. {{rf{29}}} And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "I will disguise myself and go into battle, but you, wear your garments." So the king of Israel disguised himself, and they went to war. {{rf{30}}} Now the king of Aram had commanded the commanders of his chariots, saying, "Do not fight with the small or the great, but only with the king of Israel." {{rf{31}}} And it happened that when the commanders of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, then they said, "It is the king of Israel!" And they turned against him to fight. Then Jehoshaphat cried out and Yahweh helped him. God drove them away from him. {{rf{32}}} And it happened that when the commanders of the chariots saw that it was not the king of Israel, they turned back from following him. {{rf{33}}} Now a certain man drew the bow at random and struck the king of Israel between the soldering of his breastplate armor. Then he said to the chariot driver, "Turn around; get me away from the war camp, for I am wounded." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-18-14]] }}}
 {{rf{34}}} And the battle went on that day, and the king of Israel was propped up in the chariot facing Aram until the evening. And he died at the time of the going down of the sun. {{rf big{1}}} Then Jehoshaphat king of Judah returned to his house in peace to Jerusalem. {{rf{2}}} And Jehu son of Hanani the seer went out to meet him. And he said to King Jehoshaphat, "Should you be a help to the wicked and love those who hate Yahweh? On account of this, wrath has come against you from Yahweh. {{rf{3}}} Nevertheless some good things have been found in regard to you, for you burned the Asherahs out of the land and set your heart to seek God." {{rf{4}}} And Jehoshaphat lived in Jerusalem and returned and went out among the people from Beersheba to the hill country of Ephraim and brought them back to Yahweh, the God of their ancestors. {{rf{5}}} And he appointed judges in the land and in all the fortified cities of Judah, city by city. {{rf{6}}} And he said to the judges, "Consider what you are doing, for you are not judging for a man but for Yahweh. Now he is with you in speaking justice. {{rf{7}}} So now, let the fear of Yahweh be upon you all. Be careful what you do, for there is neither wickedness nor showing partiality and taking bribes with Yahweh our God." {{rf{8}}} Moreover, Jehoshaphat appointed in Jerusalem some of the Levites and the priests and heads of the families of Israel as judges and to decide legal disputes for Yahweh. And they sat in Jerusalem. {{rf{9}}} And he commanded them, saying, "Thus you must do in the fear of Yahweh in faithfulness and with a whole heart. {{rf{10}}} Any legal dispute that comes before you from your brothers who live in their cities concerning bloodguilt, law, commandment, statutes, and justice, you must warn them, so that they do not incur guilt before Yahweh, and that wrath may not come upon you and your brothers. Thus you must do that you do not incur guilt. {{rf{11}}} And behold, Amariah the chief priest is over you in all matters of the word of Yahweh, and Zebadiah the son of Ishmael, the governor of the house of Judah, in all matters of the king, and the Levites shall be before you as officials. Be strong and do well! May Yahweh be with the upright." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-18-34]] }}}
And it happened that afterward, the Moabites, the Ammonites, and some of the Meunites came against Jehoshaphat for war. {{rf{2}}} And they came and reported it to Jehoshaphat, saying, "A great multitude from beyond the sea, from Aram, is coming against you. Now behold, they are in Hazazon Tamar" (that is, En Gedi). {{rf{3}}} Then Jehoshaphat was afraid and set his face to seek Yahweh. And he called for a fast through all Judah. {{rf{4}}} And Judah assembled to seek after Yahweh; even from all the cities of Judah they came to seek Yahweh. {{rf{5}}} Then Jehoshaphat stood in the assembly of Judah and Jerusalem in the house of Yahweh before the new courtyard. {{rf{6}}} And he said, "O Yahweh, God of our ancestors, are you not God in heaven? Now you rule in all the kingdoms of the nations, and in your hand are power and might, and there is none who can resist against you. {{rf{7}}} O, our God, did you yourself not drive out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel and give it to the descendants of Abraham your friend forever? {{rf{8}}} And they lived in it and built for you a sanctuary for your name in it, saying, {{rf{9}}} 'If disaster, a sword, punishment, disease, or famine come upon us, we shall stand before this house and before you -- for your name is in this house -- and cry out to you out of our trouble, then you will hear and save us.' {{rf{10}}} And now, look, the people of Moab and Ammon and Mount Seir whom you did not allow Israel to come against when they came from Egypt, from whom they turned aside and did not destroy, {{rf{11}}} now behold, they are rewarding us by coming to dispossess us from your possession which you gave us as an inheritance. {{rf{12}}} O our God, will you not judge them, for there is no power in us before this great multitude that is coming against us. Now we do not know what we shall do, for our eyes are upon you." {{rf{13}}} And all Judah was standing before Yahweh, and also their little children, their wives, and their children. {{rf{14}}} Then the Spirit of Yahweh came upon Jahaziel, the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, the Levite from the descendants of Asaph, in the midst of the assembly. {{rf{15}}} And he said, "Listen, all Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem and King Jehoshaphat, thus says Yahweh to you: 'Do not be afraid and do not be dismayed before this great multitude, for the battle is not yours, but God's. {{rf{16}}} Tomorrow go down against them. Behold, they are coming up the ascent of Ziz. And you will find them at the end of the valley facing the desert of Jeruel. {{rf{17}}} There will be no need for you to fight in this battle. Take your stand! Stand and see the deliverance of Yahweh among you, O Judah and Jerusalem! Do not fear and do not be dismayed. Tomorrow go out before them and Yahweh will be with you.'" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-20-01]] }}}
 {{rf{18}}} Then Jehoshaphat bowed his face down to the ground, and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell before Yahweh to worship Yahweh. {{rf{19}}} Then the Levites, from the Kohathites and from the Korahites stood up to praise Yahweh the God of Israel with an exceedingly loud voice. {{rf{20}}} And they rose up early in the morning and went out to the desert of Tekoa. And when they went out, Jehoshaphat stood and said, "Hear me, O Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem! Believe in Yahweh your God, and you shall be established! Believe in his prophets, and you shall succeed!" {{rf{21}}} And when he had taken counsel with the people, he appointed singers to Yahweh who were giving praise to the splendor of his holiness when they went out before the army. And they said, "Give thanks to Yahweh, for his loyal love is everlasting!" {{rf{22}}} And when they began with singing and praise, Yahweh set ambushes against the people of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir who were coming against Judah. And they were defeated {{rf{23}}} when the people of Ammon and Moab rose up against the inhabitants of Mount Seir to destroy and demolish them. And when the inhabitants of Seir had made an end of them, each helped to destroy his comrade. {{rf{24}}} And Judah came against the watchtower of the wilderness. And they looked at the crowd, and behold, corpses were lying on the ground. There was none who had escaped. {{rf{25}}} When Jehoshaphat came with his people to plunder their booty, they found among them in abundance possessions, corpses, and precious items. And they took plunder for themselves until they could carry no more. And they were three days in plundering the booty, for it was abundant. {{rf{26}}} And on the fourth day, they assembled in the Valley of Berakah, for there they blessed Yahweh. Therefore the name of that place is called the Valley of Berakah up to this day. {{rf{27}}} And all the men of Judah and Jerusalem returned, and Jehoshaphat was at their head in returning to Jerusalem with joy, for Yahweh caused them to rejoice over their enemies. {{rf{28}}} And they came to Jerusalem with harps, stringed instruments, and trumpets to the house of Yahweh. {{rf{29}}} And the fear of God came upon all the kingdoms of the earth when they heard that Yahweh had fought against the enemies of Israel. {{rf{30}}} So the kingdom of Jehoshaphat was at rest, since his God gave rest to him all around. {{rf{31}}} So Jehoshaphat reigned over Judah. He was thirty-five years old when he began to reign. And he reigned twenty-five years in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Azubah, the daughter of Shilhi. {{rf{32}}} And he walked in the way of his father Asa and did not turn aside from it, to do what was right in the eyes of Yahweh. {{rf{33}}} Only the high places were not removed. The people still had not yet set their heart on the God of their ancestors. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-20-18]] }}}
 {{rf{34}}} Now the rest of the words of Jehoshaphat, from the first to the last, behold, they are written in the chronicles of Jehu the son of Hanani, which are recorded in the scroll of the kings of Israel. {{rf{35}}} And afterward Jehoshaphat the king of Judah joined with Ahaziah the king of Israel, who acted wickedly. {{rf{36}}} He joined with him to build ships to go to Tarshish. And they built the ships in Ezion Geber. {{rf{37}}} Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, "Because of your joining with Ahaziah, Yahweh will break down your works." And the ships were destroyed and were not able to go to Tarshish. {{rf big{1}}} And Jehoshaphat slept with his ancestors and was buried with his ancestors in the city of David, and Jehoram his son reigned in his place. {{rf{2}}} Now he had brothers, the sons of Jehoshaphat: Azariah, Jehiel, Zechariah, Azariah, Michael, and Shephatiah. All these were the sons of Jehoshaphat, king of Israel. {{rf{3}}} And their father gave to them many gifts of silver, gold, and valuables, with fortified cities in Judah, but he gave the kingdom to Jehoram, for he was the firstborn. {{rf{4}}} When Jehoram ascended to the kingdom of his father, he strengthened himself and murdered all his brothers with the sword, and even some of the princes of Israel. {{rf{5}}} Jehoram was thirty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem. {{rf{6}}} And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel as the house of Ahab had done, for the daughter of Ahab was his wife. And he did evil in the sight of Yahweh. {{rf{7}}} But Yahweh was not willing to destroy the house of David on account of the covenant that he had made with David and since he had promised to give a lamp to him and to his descendants forever. {{rf{8}}} In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and they set up a king of their own. {{rf{9}}} Then Jehoram passed over with his commanders and all the chariots with him, and when night came he struck Edom who was all around him and the commanders of his chariots. {{rf{10}}} So Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah until this day. Then Libnah also revolted at that time from under his hand, because he had forsaken Yahweh, the God of his ancestors. {{rf{11}}} Moreover, he made high places in the hill country of Judah, and he enticed the inhabitants of Jerusalem to be unfaithful, and he led Judah astray. {{rf{12}}} And a letter from Elijah the prophet came to him, saying, "Thus says Yahweh, the God of David your father: 'Because you have not walked in the ways of Jehoshaphat your father or in the ways of Asa, the king of Judah, {{rf{13}}} but have walked in the way of the kings of Israel and have enticed Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to be unfaithful like the unfaithfulness of the house of Ahab, and have also murdered your brothers of the house of your father who were better than you, {{rf{14}}} behold, Yahweh is inflicting a great plague on your people, your children, your wives, and all your possessions, {{rf{15}}} and you yourself will be afflicted with great illness, with sickness in your bowels, until your bowels come out on account of the illness, day by day.'" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-20-34]] }}}
 {{rf{16}}} And Yahweh stirred up the spirit of the Philistines and the Arabs who were near the Cushites against Jehoram. {{rf{17}}} And they came up against Judah and invaded it and carried away all the possessions found in the house of the king, and also his sons and his wives, so that no son was left to him except Jehoahaz his youngest son. {{rf{18}}} And after all this Yahweh afflicted him in his bowels with an illness for which there was no cure. {{rf{19}}} And it happened that after many days, at the end of two years, his bowels came out because of his illness, and he died in terrible agony. And his people did not make a fire for him like the fire for his ancestors. {{rf{20}}} He was thirty-two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem. And he departed with no one's regret. And they buried him in the city of David, but not in the burial sites of the kings. {{rf big{1}}} And the inhabitants of Jerusalem made Ahaziah his youngest son king in his place, for the band of men who had come with the Arabs to the camp had murdered all the older sons. And Ahaziah the son of Jehoram, the king of Judah, reigned. {{rf{2}}} Ahaziah was forty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And the name of his mother was Athaliah, the daughter of Omri. {{rf{3}}} He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab, for his mother was his counselor for doing wickedness. {{rf{4}}} And he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh as the house of Ahab had done, for they were his counselors to his destruction after the death of his father. {{rf{5}}} He also walked in their counsel and went with Jehoram the son of Ahab, king of Israel, to war against Hazael king of Aram at Ramoth-Gilead. And the Arameans wounded Joram. {{rf{6}}} And he returned to be healed in Jezreel because of the wounds he had suffered at Ramah, when he made war against Hazael king of Aram. And Azariah the son of Jehoram, king of Judah, went down to see Jehoram son of Ahab in Jezreel for he was sick. {{rf{7}}} But the downfall of Ahaziah was from God, and intended to come to Joram. And when he came, he went out with Jehoram to Jehu the son of Nimshi, whom Yahweh had anointed to destroy the house of Ahab. {{rf{8}}} And it happened that when Jehu was judging the house of Ahab, he found the princes of Judah and the sons of the brothers of Ahaziah who ministered to Ahaziah, and he killed them. {{rf{9}}} And he searched for Ahaziah and captured him. And he was hiding in Samaria. And they brought him to Jehu and put him to death. And they buried him, for they said, "He is the descendant of Jehoshaphat, who sought Yahweh with his whole heart." And the house of Ahab had no one to exercise power over the kingdom. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-21-16]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and murdered all the royal descendants of the house of Judah. {{rf{11}}} But Jehosheba the daughter of the king took Joash, the son of Ahaziah, and kidnapped him away from the sons of the king who were to be put to death. And she put him and his nurse in a private bedroom. So Jehosheba the daughter of King Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest, because she was a sister of Ahaziah, hid him from before Athaliah so that she did not put him to death. {{rf{12}}} And he was hidden with them in the house of God six years, but Athaliah reigned over the land. {{rf big{1}}} And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself and took with him into a covenant relationship the commanders of hundreds: Azariah the son of Jeroham, Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, Azariah the son of Obed, Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zicri. {{rf{2}}} And they went around in Judah and gathered the Levites from all the cities of Judah, and the heads of the families of Israel, and they came to Jerusalem. {{rf{3}}} And all the assembly made a covenant with the king in the house of God. And he said to them, "Behold, the son of the king shall reign as Yahweh has spoken concerning the sons of David. {{rf{4}}} This is the thing that you must do: one third of you priests and Levites coming off duty on the Sabbath shall be gatekeepers at the entrances, {{rf{5}}} and one third at the house of the king, and one third at the Gate of the Foundation. And all the people shall be in the courtyards of the house of Yahweh. {{rf{6}}} Let no one enter into the house of Yahweh except the priests and the ministering Levites. They themselves may enter, for they are holy, but all the people shall keep the requirements of Yahweh. {{rf{7}}} And the Levites shall surround the king all around, each with his weapons in his hand. And whoever comes into the house shall be put to death. You shall be with the king when he comes in and when he goes out." {{rf{8}}} And the Levites and all Judah did according to all that Jehoiada the priest commanded. And they each took his men who were coming off duty on the Sabbath with the ones going out to duty on the Sabbath, for Jehoiada the priest did not dismiss the working groups. {{rf{9}}} And Jehoiada the priest gave the spears and small shields that had belonged to King David that were in the house of God to the commanders of hundreds. {{rf{10}}} And he appointed all the people, each with his weapon in his hand from the south side of the house to the north side of the house around the altar and the house. {{rf{11}}} Then they brought out the son of the king and set upon him the crown and gave him the statute and made him king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him and said, "Long live the king!" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-22-10]] }}}
 {{rf{12}}} When Athaliah heard the sound of the people running and praising the king, she came to the people at the house of Yahweh. {{rf{13}}} And she looked and, behold, the king was standing by his column at the entrance, and the commanders and trumpeters beside the king, along with all the people of the land, rejoicing and blowing with trumpets, and the singers with the instruments of song leading the praise. And Athaliah tore her garments and cried, "Conspiracy! Conspiracy!" {{rf{14}}} Then Jehoiada the priest brought out the commanders of the hundreds appointed over the troops, and he said to them, "Bring her out between the ranks, and whoever goes after her shall be put to death with the sword." For the priest had said, "You must not kill her in the house of Yahweh." {{rf{15}}} And they laid hands on her, and she went into the entrance of the Horse Gate of the house of the king, and they killed her there. {{rf{16}}} And Jehoiada made a covenant between himself and all the people and the king, that they should be Yahweh's people. {{rf{17}}} Then all the people went to the house of Baal and broke it down. And they smashed his altars and his images, and they killed Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. {{rf{18}}} And Jehoiada placed appointees at the house of Yahweh under the hand of the Levitical priests whom David had allotted to the house of Yahweh to offer burnt offerings to Yahweh as was written in the law of Moses, with joy and with song, according to the order of David. {{rf{19}}} And he set the gatekeepers at the gates of the house of Yahweh so that no person unclean with respect to any matter could enter. {{rf{20}}} And he took the commanders of hundreds, the noblemen, the governors over the people, and all the people of the land, and they brought the king down from the house of Yahweh. And they came through the upper gate to the house of the king, and they set the king upon the throne of the kingdom. {{rf{21}}} So all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was quiet after Athaliah had been killed with the sword. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-23-12]] }}}
Joash was seven years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years in Jerusalem. And the name of his mother was Zibiah from Beersheba. {{rf{2}}} And Joash did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh all the days of Jehoiada the priest. {{rf{3}}} And Jehoiada took two wives for him, and he fathered sons and daughters. {{rf{4}}} And afterward it was in the heart of Joash to repair the house of Yahweh. {{rf{5}}} So he gathered the priests and the Levites and said to them, "Go out to the cities of Judah and gather money from all Israel to strengthen the house of your God sufficiently year by year. Now you yourselves must hasten to the matter." But the Levites did not act with haste. {{rf{6}}} So the king called Jehoiada the chief, and he said to him, "Why have you not required the Levites to bring from Judah and Jerusalem the tax of Moses, the servant of Yahweh, and of the assembly of Israel for the tent of the testimony?" {{rf{7}}} For the sons of the wicked Athaliah had broken into the house of God and had used all the holy vessels of the house of Yahweh for the Baals. {{rf{8}}} Then the king commanded, and they made a chest and put it at the gate outside the house of Yahweh. {{rf{9}}} And they issued a proclamation in Judah and in Jerusalem to bring to Yahweh the tax that Moses the servant of God had levied upon Israel in the wilderness. {{rf{10}}} And all the princes and all the people rejoiced, and they brought their tax and threw it into the chest until it was finished. {{rf{11}}} And whenever he brought the chest to the appointee of the king by the hand of the Levites, and when they saw that there was much money in it, then the secretary of the king and the officer of the chief priest came and emptied the chest, then they took it and returned it to its place. Thus they did day by day and gathered money in abundance. {{rf{12}}} And the king and Jehoiada gave it to those who did the work of the service of the house of Yahweh. And they hired stonemasons and skilled craftsmen to restore the house of Yahweh, and also workers in iron and bronze to repair the house of Yahweh. {{rf{13}}} So those doing the work labored, and the restoration for the work made progress under their hand. And they restored the house of God to its position and strengthened it. {{rf{14}}} And when they had finished, they brought the remainder of the money before the king and Jehoiada, and they used it for objects for the house of Yahweh, objects for the service and the burnt offerings, dishes, and objects of gold and silver. And they were offering burnt offerings in the house of Yahweh regularly, all the days of Jehoiada. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-24-01]] }}}
 {{rf{15}}} And Jehoiada grew old and full of days, and he died; he was one hundred and thirty years old at his death. {{rf{16}}} And they buried him in the city of David with the kings, for he did good in Israel and with respect to God and his house. {{rf{17}}} Now after the death of Jehoiada, the princes of Judah came and bowed down to the king. Then the king listened to them. {{rf{18}}} And they forsook the house of Yahweh, the God of their ancestors and served the Asherahs and the idols. And wrath came upon Judah and Jerusalem on account of this guilt. {{rf{19}}} But he sent prophets among them, to bring them back to Yahweh. And they testified against them, and they did not obey. {{rf{20}}} Then the Spirit of God clothed Zechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest, and he stood above the people and said to them, "Thus says God: 'Why are you transgressing the commandments of Yahweh so that you will not succeed? For you have forsaken Yahweh, so he will forsake you.'" {{rf{21}}} Then they conspired against him and stoned him with stones at the command of the king in the courtyard of the house of Yahweh. {{rf{22}}} So King Joash did not remember the loyal love that Jehoiada had shown to him, and he killed his son. And as he was dying he said, "May Yahweh see and avenge!" {{rf{23}}} And it happened at the turn of the year that the army of Aram went up against him, and they came to Judah and Jerusalem and destroyed all the commanders of the people from among the people, and all the war booty they sent to the king of Damascus. {{rf{24}}} Though the army of Aram came with few men, Yahweh gave a very large army into their hand, for they had forsaken Yahweh, the God of their ancestors. And they inflicted punishment on Joash. {{rf{25}}} And when they were going away from him (for they had left him with many wounds), his servants conspired against him on account of the blood of the sons of Jehoiada the priest. So they killed him on his bed and he died. And they buried him in the city of David, but they did not bury him at the burial sites of the kings. {{rf{26}}} Now these are the ones who conspired against him: Zabad the son of Shimeath, the Ammonite, and Jehozabad the son of Shimrith, the Moabite. {{rf{27}}} And as for his sons, the many oracles against him, and his repair of the foundation of the house of God, behold, they are written in the story of the scroll of the kings. And Amaziah his son reigned in his place. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-24-15]] }}}
Amaziah was twenty-five years old when he became king. And he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem, and the name of his mother was Jehoaddan from Jerusalem. {{rf{2}}} And he did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh, only not with a fully-devoted heart. {{rf{3}}} And it happened that as his reign was strengthened, he killed his servants who had killed his father the king. {{rf{4}}} But he did not put their children to death, according to what is written in the law, in the scroll of Moses, where Yahweh commanded, saying, "Fathers shall not be put to death on account of the sons, and the sons shall not be put to death on account of the fathers, but each shall be put to death for his own sin." {{rf{5}}} Then Amaziah assembled the men of Judah and set them by families under commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds for all Judah and Benjamin. And he counted them from twenty years old and upward, and found them to be three hundred thousand chosen for going out to battle, able with spear and shield. {{rf{6}}} And he hired from Israel one hundred thousand strong, mighty warriors for one hundred talents. {{rf{7}}} But a man of God came to him, saying, "O king, do not let the army of Israel go with you, for Yahweh is not with Israel, all the Ephraimites. {{rf{8}}} But even still, you yourself go, do! Be strong for the battle else God will make you stumble before the enemy! For there is power with God to help and to cause stumbling." {{rf{9}}} And Amaziah said to the man of God, "Now what should I do with the one hundred talents that I have given to the troops of Israel?" And the man of God said, "Yahweh is able to give to you more than this." {{rf{10}}} Then Amaziah dismissed the troops that came to him from Ephraim to go to their home. And they became very angry with Judah, and they returned to their home in great anger. {{rf{11}}} Then Amaziah strengthened himself, and leading his army, he went to the Valley of Salt. And he struck down ten thousand men of Seir. {{rf{12}}} Now the troops captured ten thousand others alive, and they brought them to the top of the rock and threw them from the top of the rock. So all of them were smashed to pieces. {{rf{13}}} As for the troops Amaziah had sent back from going with him to war, they raided the cities of Judah from Samaria to Beth-Horon. And they struck down three thousand of them and plundered much booty. {{rf{14}}} And it happened that after Amaziah came back from killing the Edomites, he brought the gods of the sons of Seir, and he stood them up to himself as gods and bowed down before them and make smoke offerings for them. {{rf{15}}} So Yahweh became very angry with Amaziah and sent a prophet to him, and he said to him, "Why have you sought the gods of the people who could not deliver their own people from your hand?" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-25-01]] }}}
 {{rf{16}}} And it happened that while he was speaking to him, he said to him, "Have we appointed you as a counselor to the king? Stop -- why should you be killed?" So the prophet stopped and said, "I know that God has determined to destroy you, because you have done this and have not listened to my advice." {{rf{17}}} Then Amaziah king of Judah took counsel, and he sent to Joash the son of Jehoahaz the son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, "Come, let us face one another. {{rf{18}}} And Joash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, "The thorn bush that is in Lebanon has sent to the cedar which is in Lebanon, saying, 'Give your daughter to my son as wife.' But a wild animal of the field that was in Lebanon passed by and trampled the thorn bush. {{rf{19}}} Look, you say that you have struck Edom, and your heart has lifted you up to boast. Now remain at your home. Why stir up disaster that you fall, you and Judah with you?" {{rf{20}}} But Amaziah did not listen, for it was from God that he might give them into the hand of enemies, because they sought the gods of Edom. {{rf{21}}} So Joash the king of Israel went up, and he and Amaziah the king of Judah faced one another at Beth-Shemesh, which belongs to Judah. {{rf{22}}} And Judah was defeated before Israel, and each man fled to his tent. {{rf{23}}} And Joash the king of Israel captured Amaziah the king of Judah, the son of Joash, the son of Jehoahaz, at Beth-Shemesh. And they brought him to Jerusalem and broke down the wall of Jerusalem from the Gate of Ephraim to the Corner Gate, four hundred cubits. {{rf{24}}} Then with all the gold and silver, all the objects found in the house of God with Obed-Edom, the storehouses of the house of the king, and the hostages, he returned to Samaria. {{rf{25}}} And Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, lived after the death of Joash the son of Jehoahaz, the king of Israel, fifteen years. {{rf{26}}} Now the remainder of the words of Amaziah, from the first to the last, behold, are they not written in the scroll of the kings of Judah and Israel? {{rf{27}}} And from the time that Amaziah turned away from Yahweh, they had plotted a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem. And he fled to Lachish, but they sent after him to Lachish and killed him there. {{rf{28}}} And they carried him on the horses and buried him with his ancestors in the city of Judah. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-25-16]] }}}
Then all the people of Judah took Uzziah (now he was sixteen years old) and made him king in the place of his father Amaziah. {{rf{2}}} He built Elath and returned it to Judah after the king slept with his ancestors. {{rf{3}}} Uzziah was sixteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem fifty-two years. And the name of his mother was Yecoliah of Jerusalem. {{rf{4}}} And he did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh, according to all that Amaziah his father had done. {{rf{5}}} And he began to seek God in the days of Zechariah who was teaching in visions of God. And whenever he sought Yahweh God made him have success. {{rf{6}}} And he went out and made war against the Philistines, and he broke down the wall of Gath and the wall of Jabneh and the wall of Ashdod, and he built cities in Ashdod and among the Philistines. {{rf{7}}} And God helped him against the Philistines and against the Arabs who were living in Gur-Baal and Meunim. {{rf{8}}} And the Ammonites gave tribute to Uzziah, and his fame went out to the boundary of Egypt, for he became very strong. {{rf{9}}} And Uzziah built towers in Jerusalem at the Corner Gate, at the Valley Gate, and at the Angle, and he strengthened them. {{rf{10}}} And he built towers in the desert and hewed many cisterns, for he had much livestock, both in the Shephelah and on the plain, along with farmers and vinedressers in the hills and in the fertile lands, for he loved the soil. {{rf{11}}} And Uzziah had troops trained and ready for war in divisions according to the number of their enrollment at the hand of Jeuel the scribe and Maaseiah the officer, under the hand of Hananiah of the king's commanders. {{rf{12}}} The whole number of the heads of the families for mighty warriors of strength was two thousand six hundred. {{rf{13}}} And under their hand were army troops numbering three hundred and seven thousand five hundred who could make war with power and strength to help the king against an enemy. {{rf{14}}} And Uzziah prepared small shields, spears, helmets, breastplates, bows, and slingstones for the whole army. {{rf{15}}} And he made siege machines in Jerusalem designed by skillful men to be set upon the towers and upon the corners to shoot arrows and large slingstones. And his fame went out far, for he helped marvelously, for he was strong. {{rf{16}}} But on account of his strength his heart grew proud unto destruction. And he acted unfaithfully against Yahweh his God and went into the temple of Yahweh to offer an incense offering on the altar. {{rf{17}}} And Azariah the priest, along with eighty strong priests with him, went in after him. {{rf{18}}} And they stood against King Uzziah and said to him, "It is not for you, Uzziah, to burn incense to Yahweh, but it is for the priests, the descendants of Aaron, who are consecrated to burn incense. Go out of the sanctuary, for you have acted unfaithfully. There will be no honor for you from Yahweh God." {{rf{19}}} Then Uzziah, his censer in hand to burn incense, became angry. And when he became angry with the priests, then leprosy appeared on his forehead in front of the priests in the house of Yahweh at the altar of incense. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-26-01]] }}}
 {{rf{20}}} When Azariah the chief priest and all the priests turned to him, behold, he was leprous in the forehead. So they rushed him away from there, and he also hastened to go out, for Yahweh had smitten him. {{rf{21}}} So King Uzziah was leprous until the day of his death, and he lived in a separate house as a leper, for he was cut off from the house of Yahweh. And Jotham his son was over the house of the king, judging the people of the land. {{rf{22}}} Now the remainder of the words of Uzziah, from the first to the last, Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, wrote them. {{rf{23}}} And Uzziah slept with his ancestors, and they buried him with his ancestors in the burial field which belonged to the kings, because, they said, "He was leprous." And Jotham his son reigned in his place. 
----
{{rf big{1}}} Jotham was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And the name of his mother was Jerusha the daughter of Zadok. {{rf{2}}} And he did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh, according to all that his father Uzziah had done -- only he did not go into the temple of Yahweh. But the people still acted corruptly. {{rf{3}}} He built the upper gate of the house of Yahweh, and he did much restoration on the wall of Ophel. {{rf{4}}} And he built cities in the hill country of Judah, and he built forts and towers in the wooded places. {{rf{5}}} Now he fought with the king of the Ammonites and prevailed against them. And the Ammonites gave to him in that year one hundred talents of silver and ten thousand measures of wheat and ten thousand measures of barley. This is what the Ammonites rendered to him, as well as in the second and third year. {{rf{6}}} And Jotham strengthened himself, for he established his ways before Yahweh his God. {{rf{7}}} Now the remainder of the words of Jotham and all his wars and his ways, behold, they are written upon the scroll of the kings of Israel and Judah. {{rf{8}}} He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. {{rf{9}}} And Jotham slept with his ancestors, and they buried him in the city of David. And his son Ahaz became king in his place. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-26-20]] }}}
Ahaz was twenty years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And he did not do what is right in the eyes of Yahweh like David his ancestor. {{rf{2}}} But he walked in the ways of the kings of Israel and also made molten idols for the Baals. {{rf{3}}} And he himself burned incense in the valley of Ben-Hinnom and burned his sons in the fire, according to the detestable practices of the nations whom Yahweh drove out before the Israelites. {{rf{4}}} And he sacrificed and burned incense at the high places, on the hilltops, and under every flourishing tree. {{rf{5}}} Then Yahweh his God gave him into the hand of the king of Aram who defeated him and captured many captives from him and brought them to Damascus. Moreover, he was also given into the hand of the king of Israel, and he defeated him by a great attack. {{rf{6}}} And Pekah, the son of Remaliah, killed in one day one hundred and twenty thousand in Judah, all men of strength, because they forsook Yahweh the God of their ancestors. {{rf{7}}} And Zikri, a mighty warrior of Ephraim, killed Maaseiah the son of the king, Azrikam the commander of the house, and Elkanah the second to the king. {{rf{8}}} And the Israelites captured two hundred thousand of their brothers, women, sons, and daughters. And they also plundered much booty from them and brought the booty to Samaria. {{rf{9}}} Now a prophet of Yahweh was there; Oded was his name. And he went out before the army that was coming to Samaria and said to them, "Look, it is on account of the anger of Yahweh, the God of your ancestors, against Judah that he gave them into your hands, and you killed them in a rage reaching to the heavens. {{rf{10}}} So now, you yourselves plan to subdue people of Judah and Jerusalem as slaves and female servants for yourselves. Is there not also guilt on your part against Yahweh your God? {{rf{11}}} So now, listen to me and return the captives of your brothers whom you have taken captive, for the fierce anger of Yahweh is against you." {{rf{12}}} Then men from the heads of Ephraim -- Azariah the son of Jehohanan, Berekiah the son of Meshillemoth, Hezekiah the son of Shallum, and Amasa the son of Hadlai -- stood against those returning from the fight. {{rf{13}}} And they said to them, "You shall not bring the captives here, for it is as guilt against Yahweh upon us. You yourselves plan to add to our sins and to our guilt, but our guilt is very great, and there is great anger against Israel." {{rf{14}}} So the soldiers left the captives and the plunder before the commanders and all the assembly. {{rf{15}}} Then the men designated by name arose and took the captives and from the plunder clothed all their nakedness. So they clothed them, gave them sandals, gave them food to eat, gave them water to drink, anointed them, and guided them with the donkeys provided for all those who stumbled, and brought them to Jericho, the city of the palm trees, next to their brothers. Then they returned to Samaria. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-28-01]] }}}
 {{rf{16}}} At that time King Ahaz sent to the king of Assyria to help him, {{rf{17}}} since again the Edomites came and struck against Judah and took captives. {{rf{18}}} And the Philistines sent raids into the cities of the Shephelah and the Negeb of Judah. And they captured Beth-Shemesh, Aijalon, Gederoth, Socoh with its villages, Timnah with its villages, and Gimzo with its villages. And they settled there. {{rf{19}}} For Yahweh subdued Judah for the sake of Ahaz, king of Israel, for he created disorder in Judah and acted unfaithfully against Yahweh. {{rf{20}}} Then Tiglath-Pileser the king of Assyria came against him and brought trouble for him, instead of helping him, {{rf{21}}} for Ahaz took a portion from the house of Yahweh and the house of the king and the princes, and he gave it to the king of Assyria, but it was no help to him. {{rf{22}}} And in the time of his distress, King Ahaz continued to act unfaithfully against Yahweh. {{rf{23}}} He sacrificed to the gods of Damascus that had defeated him and said, "Because the gods of the king of Aram helped them, I will sacrifice to them so that they will help me." But they were a disaster to him and to all Israel. {{rf{24}}} Then Ahaz gathered the objects of the house of God, and he cut the objects of the house of God to pieces. And he shut the doors of the house of Yahweh and made for himself altars in every corner of Jerusalem. {{rf{25}}} And in every city of Judah he made high places to burn incense to other gods, and he provoked Yahweh, the God of his ancestors, to anger. {{rf{26}}} Now the remainder of his words and all his ways, from the first to the last, behold, they are written upon the scroll of the kings of Judah and Israel. {{rf{27}}} And Ahaz slept with his ancestors, and they buried him in the city, in Jerusalem, for they did not bring him to the burial site of the kings of Israel. And Hezekiah his son became king in his place. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-28-16]] }}}
Hezekiah became king when he was twenty-five years old, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. And the name of his mother was Abijah the daughter of Zechariah. {{rf{2}}} And he did that which was right in the eyes of Yahweh, according to all that David his father had done. {{rf{3}}} In the first year of his kingship, in the first month, he opened the doors of the house of Yahweh and strengthened them. {{rf{4}}} And he brought in the priests and the Levites, and he gathered them into the eastern square. {{rf{5}}} And he said to them, "Hear me, O Levites! Sanctify yourselves now, and sanctify the house of Yahweh, the God of your ancestors, and bring out the defilement from the sanctuary. {{rf{6}}} For our ancestors acted unfaithfully and did evil in the sight of Yahweh our God, and have forsaken him and turned away their faces from the dwelling place of Yahweh. They have turned their backs on it. {{rf{7}}} They also shut the doors of the portico and extinguished the lamps. And they did not burn incense or offer burnt offerings in the sanctuary to the God of Israel. {{rf{8}}} And the wrath of Yahweh was upon Judah and Jerusalem. And he made them as an abhorrence, as a desolation and an object of scorn, as you see with your own eyes. {{rf{9}}} Now behold, our fathers have fallen by the sword, and our sons and our daughters and our wives are in captivity on account of this. {{rf{10}}} Now it is in my heart to make a covenant with Yahweh, the God of Israel, so that his fierce anger might turn away from him. {{rf{11}}} Now, my sons, do not be negligent, for Yahweh has chosen you to stand before him to serve him and to be his servants and incense burners." {{rf{12}}} Then the Levites arose -- Mahath the son of Amasai and Joel the son of Azariah, from the Kohathites; and Kish the son of Abdi and Azariah the son of Jehallelel from the Merarites; and Joah son of Zimmah and Eden son of Joah, from the Gershonites. {{rf{13}}} And from the descendants of Elizaphan: Shimri and Jeiel; and from the descendants of Asaph: Zechariah and Mattaniah; {{rf{14}}} and from the descendants of Heman: Jeiel and Shimei; and from the descendants of Jeduthun: Shemaiah and Uzziel -- {{rf{15}}} and they gathered their brothers and sanctified themselves, and they went in according to the command of the king because of the words of Yahweh, to purify the house of Yahweh. {{rf{16}}} And the priests went into the inner part of the house of Yahweh to purify it. And they brought out all the impurity that they found in the temple of Yahweh out to the courtyard of the house of Yahweh. And the Levites took them to bring them outside to the Wadi Kidron. {{rf{17}}} And they began to sanctify themselves on the first day of the first month. And on the eighth day of the month they came to the portico of Yahweh. And they sanctified the house of Yahweh for eight days, and on the sixteenth day of the first month they finished. {{rf{18}}} And they went into the inner part to King Hezekiah and said, "We have cleansed all the house of Yahweh: the altar of burnt offering, all its objects, the table of the rows of bread and all its objects, {{rf{19}}} and all the objects that King Ahaz discarded in his reign when he sinned, we have prepared and sanctified. Look, they are before the altar of Yahweh." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-29-01]] }}}
 {{rf{20}}} Then King Hezekiah rose early and gathered the officials of the city, and he went up to the house of Yahweh. {{rf{21}}} And they brought seven bulls, seven rams, seven lambs, and seven male goats as a purification offering for the kingdom, for the sanctuary, and for Judah. And he commanded the descendants of Aaron, the priests, to offer them on the altar of Yahweh. {{rf{22}}} And they slaughtered the cattle, and the priests received the blood and threw it toward the altar. Then they slaughtered the rams and threw the blood toward the altar, and then they slaughtered the lambs and threw the blood toward the altar. {{rf{23}}} Then they brought the goats of the sin offering before the king and the assembly, and they laid hands upon them. {{rf{24}}} And the priest killed them and offered their blood against the altar to make atonement for all Israel, for the king had commanded the burnt offering and the sin offering for all Israel. {{rf{25}}} And he stood the Levites in the house of Yahweh with cymbals, harps, and lyres, according to the command of David and Gad, the seer of the king, and Nathan the prophet, for the command was by the hand of Yahweh by the hand of his prophets. {{rf{26}}} When the Levites stood with the objects of David and the priests with the trumpets, {{rf{27}}} Hezekiah commanded to offer the burnt offering upon the altar. And at the time the burnt offering began, the song of Yahweh began, and also the trumpets, at the hands of the instruments of David king of Israel. {{rf{28}}} Then all the assembly bowed down, and the song was sung, and the trumpeters trumpeted -- all together until the end of the burnt offering. {{rf{29}}} And when the offering was finished, the king and all who were found with him knelt down and bowed themselves. {{rf{30}}} Then King Hezekiah and the princes commanded the Levites to praise Yahweh with the words of David and Asaph the seer. So they offered praise with joy, and they bowed down and worshiped. {{rf{31}}} Then Hezekiah answered and said, "Now you have consecrated yourselves to Yahweh. Come near and bring sacrifices and thank offerings to the house of Yahweh!" And the assembly brought sacrifices and thank offerings, and all who were willing in heart brought burnt offerings. {{rf{32}}} And the number of burnt offerings that the assembly brought was seventy cattle, one hundred rams, two hundred lambs -- all these were to offer to Yahweh. {{rf{33}}} And the consecrated offerings of cattle were six hundred cattle and three thousand sheep. {{rf{34}}} But the priests were too few, and they were not able to offer all the burnt offerings, so their brothers, the Levites, strengthened them to finish the work, and until the rest of the priests consecrated themselves. (For the Levites were more conscientious to sanctify themselves than the priests.) {{rf{35}}} And beside the many burnt offerings was the fat of the peace offerings and the libations for the burnt offerings. So the service of the house of Yahweh was established. {{rf{36}}} And Hezekiah and all the people rejoiced over what God had established with the people, for the matter happened suddenly. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-29-20]] }}}
Then Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah, and he also wrote letters to Ephraim and Manasseh, to come to the house of Yahweh in Jerusalem to make a Passover feast to Yahweh the God of Israel. {{rf{2}}} Now the king and his princes, and all the assembly in Jerusalem had taken counsel to make the Passover feast in the second month -- {{rf{3}}} but they were not able to make it at that time, for the priests had not consecrated themselves in sufficient numbers, and the people had not been assembled in Jerusalem -- {{rf{4}}} and the plan seemed right in the eyes of the king and in the eyes of all the assembly. {{rf{5}}} So they let the decree stand, to make a proclamation throughout all Israel, from Beersheba to Dan, to come to make a Passover feast to Yahweh the God of Israel. {{rf{6}}} And the runners went with the letter from the hand of the king and his princes throughout all Israel and Judah according to the command of the king, saying, "O sons of Israel, return to Yahweh, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, that he may turn again to the remnant of you who escaped from the hand of the kings of Assyria. {{rf{7}}} Do not be like your fathers and like your brothers, who acted unfaithfully before Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, so that he made them as a desolation, as you see. {{rf{8}}} Now, do not stiffen your neck as your fathers, but give a hand to Yahweh and come to his sanctuary, which he has consecrated forever, and serve Yahweh your God that his fierce anger may turn away from you. {{rf{9}}} For when you return to Yahweh, your brothers and your children will find compassion before their captors and return to this land, for Yahweh your God is gracious and compassionate, and he will not turn away his face from you if you return to him." {{rf{10}}} And it happened that the runners were passing from city to city in the land of Ephraim and Manasseh, and up to Zebulun, but they were laughing at them and mocking them. {{rf{11}}} Only men from Asher, Manasseh, and Zebulun humbled themselves and came to Jerusalem. {{rf{12}}} The hand of God was also upon Judah, to give them one heart to obey the command of the king and the princes concerning the word of Yahweh. {{rf{13}}} So many people gathered in Jerusalem to hold the Feast of Unleavened Bread in the second month; it was a very great assembly. {{rf{14}}} And they rose up and removed the altars that were in Jerusalem. And they removed all the incense altars and threw them away in the Wadi Kidron. {{rf{15}}} And they slaughtered the Passover lamb on the fourteenth day of the second month. And the priests and the Levites were disgraced, so they consecrated themselves and brought burnt offerings into the house of Yahweh. {{rf{16}}} Then they stood at their positions according to custom, according to the law of Moses the man of God. The priests were sprinkling the blood from the hand of the Levites. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-30-01]] }}}
 {{rf{17}}} For there were many in the assembly who did not consecrate themselves, so the Levites were over the killing of the Passover sacrifices for all who were not clean, to consecrate them to Yahweh. {{rf{18}}} For a majority of the people, many from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves. But they ate the Passover sacrifice otherwise than prescribed, but Hezekiah had prayed for them, saying, "May the good Yahweh make atonement unto {{rf{19}}} everyone whose heart is set to seek God, Yahweh the God of his ancestors, though not according to the cleansing for the sanctuary." {{rf{20}}} And Yahweh listened to Hezekiah, and he healed the people. {{rf{21}}} And the Israelites who were found in Jerusalem kept the Feast of Unleavened Bread seven days with great joy. And the Levites and the priests were offering praise to Yahweh day by day, with powerful instruments to Yahweh. {{rf{22}}} And Hezekiah spoke to the heart of all the Levites who were skilled at service to Yahweh. So they ate the feast seven days, offering peace offerings and giving thanks to Yahweh, the God of their ancestors. {{rf{23}}} Then the whole assembly decided to make seven more days of feasting, so they made seven more days with joy, {{rf{24}}} for Hezekiah the king of Judah had provided one thousand bulls and seven thousand sheep for the assembly, and the princes provided one thousand bulls and ten thousand sheep for the assembly. And many priests consecrated themselves. {{rf{25}}} And the whole assembly of Judah, the priests and the Levites, all the assembly who had come from the land of Israel, and those living in Judah rejoiced. {{rf{26}}} And there was great joy in Jerusalem, for from the days of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel, there was nothing such as this in Jerusalem. {{rf{27}}} Then the priests and the Levites arose and blessed the people, and their voice was heard, and their prayer came to his holy dwelling place in the heavens. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-30-17]] }}}
And when all this was finished, all Israel who were found in the cities of Judah went out and shattered the stone pillars, cut down the Asherahs, and destroyed the high places and the altars from all Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh to the very last one. Then all the Israelites returned, each to his own property and to their cities. {{rf{2}}} And Hezekiah appointed working groups of the priests and the Levites, each according to their divisions, according to the service for priests and Levites, for burnt offerings, for peace offerings, to serve, to give thanks, and to praise in the gates of the camps of Yahweh. {{rf{3}}} And the gift of the king was out of his own possessions for the burnt offerings -- the burnt offerings for the morning and the evening and for Sabbaths, new moon festivals, and appointed feasts, as is written in the law of Yahweh. {{rf{4}}} Then he said to the people, to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, to give a gift for the priests and the Levites, so that they might be strong in the law of Yahweh. {{rf{5}}} And the word spread. The Israelites gave abundantly from the firstfruits of grain, new wine, olive oil, honey, and all kinds of grains from the field. And they brought tithes of everything in abundance. {{rf{6}}} Then the people of Israel and Judah who were living in the cities of Judah, they also brought a tithe of cattle and sheep and a tithe of consecrated objects to Yahweh their God. And they gave heaps upon heaps. {{rf{7}}} In the third month the heaps began to pile up, and in the seventh month they ceased. {{rf{8}}} When Hezekiah and the princes came and saw the heaps, they blessed Yahweh and his people Israel. {{rf{9}}} And Hezekiah questioned the priests and the Levites concerning the heaps. {{rf{10}}} And Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok answered him, saying, "Since the offerings began to be brought to the house of Yahweh, we have eaten and been satisfied, and have much to spare, for Yahweh has blessed his people. Now see this abundant remainder!" {{rf{11}}} And Hezekiah commanded to prepare chambers in the house of Yahweh, and they were prepared. {{rf{12}}} Then they brought the offerings and tithes and holy objects faithfully. And over them as leader was Conaniah the Levite. And Shimei his brother was second in rank. {{rf{13}}} And Jehiel, Azaziah, Nathan, Asahel, Jerimoth, Jozabad, Eliel, Ismachiah, Mahath, and Benaiah were chief officers under the hand of Conaniah and Shimei, his brother, by appointment of King Hezekiah. And Azaraiah was leader of the house of God. {{rf{14}}} Now Kore the son of Imlah, the Levite, the gatekeeper of the east gate was over the freewill offerings of God, to give offerings to Yahweh and the most holy things. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-31-01]] }}}
 {{rf{15}}} And at his hand were Eden, Miniamin, Jeshua, Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah in the cities of the priests and entrusted to give to their brothers by working groups, according to the eldest to the youngest, {{rf{16}}} besides their enrollment by genealogy, to males from three years old and upward, to all who came into the house of Yahweh, as each day required for their service in their posts according to their working groups. {{rf{17}}} And the enrollment of the priests was according to the house of their fathers, and the Levites, from twenty years old and upward, according to their posts by their working groups. {{rf{18}}} And they were enrolled with all their little ones, their wives, their sons, and their daughters for the whole assembly because of their faithfulness. And they sanctified themselves in holiness. {{rf{19}}} And for the descendants of Aaron, the priests, who were in the fields of the pasturelands of their cities, in each and every one of their cities were men who were designated by name to give shares to every male among the priests and to everyone enrolled among the Levites. {{rf{20}}} And Hezekiah did according to this throughout all Judah. And he did what is good and what is right and what is faithful before Yahweh his God. {{rf{21}}} And in every work that he began in the service of the house of God or with respect to the law and the commandment to seek his God, he did with all his heart, and he prospered. {{rf big{1}}} After these things and these acts of faithfulness, Sennacherib the king of Assyria came, and he came against Judah. And he encamped against the fortified cities and planned to break them down for himself. {{rf{2}}} When Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had come and that his face was set for battle against Jerusalem, {{rf{3}}} he took counsel with his commanders and his mighty warriors to block off the waters of the springs that came from outside the city, and they helped him. {{rf{4}}} Then many people were gathered, and they blocked off all the springs and the river that flowed through the midst of the land, saying, "Why should the kings of Assyria come and find much water?" {{rf{5}}} Then he strengthened himself and built up all the walls that were broken down, and raised towers upon them and another wall outside. And he strengthened the Millo of the city of David and made much weaponry and small shields. {{rf{6}}} And he appointed commanders for battle over the people and gathered them to himself into the public square of the gate of the city. And he spoke to their hearts, saying, {{rf{7}}} "Be strong! Be courageous! Do not fear and do not be dismayed before the king of Assyria and before all the crowd that is with him, for there are more with us than with him. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-31-15]] }}}
 {{rf{8}}} With him is the arm of flesh, and with us is Yahweh our God, to help us and to fight our battles." And the people took confidence with the words of Hezekiah, king of Judah. {{rf{9}}} After this Sennacherib the king of Assyria sent his servants to Jerusalem (now he and all his armies with him were against Lachish) to Hezekiah king of Judah and to all of Judah that was in Jerusalem, saying, {{rf{10}}} "Thus says Sennacherib the king of Assyria: 'On what are you relying that you are dwelling in siege works in Jerusalem? {{rf{11}}} Is not Hezekiah urging you to give you up to die by starvation and thirst, saying, "Yahweh our God will save us from the hand of the king of Assyria"? {{rf{12}}} Has not Hezekiah himself removed his high places and his altars and said to Judah and to Jerusalem, saying, "You must bow down before one altar and upon it you must make offerings"? {{rf{13}}} Do you not know what I have done, I and my ancestors, to all the peoples of the lands? Were the gods of the nations of all the lands at all able to save their land from my hand? {{rf{14}}} Who among all the gods of those nations whom my ancestors utterly destroyed was able to save his people from my hand, that your God will be able to save you from my hand? {{rf{15}}} So now, do not let Hezekiah deceive you. Do not let him urge you according to this. Do not put trust in him, for no god of any nation and kingdom has been able to save his people from my hand and from the hand of my ancestors. Surely then your God will not save you from my hand!'" {{rf{16}}} And still more his servants said against Yahweh God and against Hezekiah his servant. {{rf{17}}} And he wrote letters to treat Yahweh the God of Israel with contempt and spoke against him, saying, "As the gods of the nations of the earth who did not save their people from my hand, so likewise the God of Hezekiah will not save his people from my hand." {{rf{18}}} Then they called with a great voice in Judean to the people of Jerusalem who were upon the wall to frighten them and terrify them, so that they could take the city captive. {{rf{19}}} And they spoke about the God of Jerusalem as about the gods of the peoples of the earth, the works of the hands of humankind. {{rf{20}}} Then King Hezekiah and Isaiah the son of Amoz, the prophet, prayed concerning this. And they cried to the heavens. {{rf{21}}} Then Yahweh sent an angel, and he destroyed every mighty warrior of strength, commander, and officer in the camp of the king of Assyria. And he returned with shamed face to his land and went into the house of his god. And some of the offspring of his loins fell upon him there with the sword. {{rf{22}}} So Yahweh saved Hezekiah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem from the hand of Sennacherib, king of Assyria, and from the all their enemies, and gave them rest all around. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-32-08]] }}}
 {{rf{23}}} And many brought tribute to Yahweh, to Jerusalem, and precious things to Hezekiah king of Judah, so that he was exalted in the eyes of all the nations thereafter. {{rf{24}}} In those days Hezekiah fell ill unto death, and he prayed to Yahweh. And he answered him and gave him a sign. {{rf{25}}} But Hezekiah did not reciprocate according to the benefit placed upon him, because his heart became proud. So wrath was upon him and upon Judah and Jerusalem. {{rf{26}}} But Hezekiah humbled himself with respect to the arrogance of his heart, he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of Yahweh did not come upon them in the days of Hezekiah. {{rf{27}}} And Hezekiah had very much wealth and honor, and he made storehouses for himself for silver, gold, precious stones, spices, small shields, and all sorts of desirable objects; {{rf{28}}} and storage buildings for the yield of grain, new wine, and olive oil; and animal stalls for all kinds of animals, and animals and herds for animal stalls. {{rf{29}}} And he made cities for himself, and livestock of sheep and abundant cattle, for God had given to him very abundant possessions. {{rf{30}}} And this same Hezekiah blocked off the flow of the waters of the upper Gihon, and directed them down the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works. {{rf{31}}} And thus in the matter of the envoys of the commanders of Babylon who had been sent to him to seek the sign that had happened in the land, God forsook him, to test him and to know all that was in his heart. {{rf{32}}} Now the remainder of the words of Hezekiah and his loyal love, behold, they are written in the visions of Isaiah the son of Amoz, the prophet, upon the scroll of the kings of Judah and Israel. {{rf{33}}} And Hezekiah slept with his ancestors, and they buried him in the upper part of the burial sites of the descendants of David. And all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did him honor at his death. And Manasseh his son became king in his place. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-32-23]] }}}
Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty-five years in Jerusalem. {{rf{2}}} And he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh according to the detestable things of the nations whom Yahweh drove out before the Israelites. {{rf{3}}} And he rebuilt the high places that Hezekiah his father broke down, and he set up altars for the Baals, made Asherahs, and bowed down to the host of heaven and served them. {{rf{4}}} And he built altars in the house of Yahweh, of which Yahweh had said, "In Jerusalem my name shall be forever." {{rf{5}}} And he built altars to all the host of heaven in the two courtyards of the house of Yahweh. {{rf{6}}} And he himself burned his sons in the fire in the Valley of Ben-Hinnom. And he practiced sorcery and divination, and he engaged in witchcraft and dealt with mediums and spiritists. And he did much evil in the eyes of Yahweh, to provoke him to anger. {{rf{7}}} And he placed the carved image of the idol that he had made in the house of God, of which God had said to David and to Solomon his son, "In this house and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen from all the tribes of Israel, I will put my name forever. {{rf{8}}} And I will never remove the foot of Israel from upon the land that I appointed to your ancestors, if only you will take care to do all that I have commanded them, all the law, the regulations, and the judgments by the hand of Moses." {{rf{9}}} And Manasseh seduced Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to do evil more than the nations that Yahweh destroyed before the Israelites. {{rf{10}}} And Yahweh spoke to Manasseh and to his people, but they would not listen. {{rf{11}}} So Yahweh brought the commanders of the army of the king of Assyria upon them, and they took Manasseh captive with hooks, and they bound him with bronze fetters and brought him to Babylon. {{rf{12}}} And when he was in distress he entreated Yahweh his God and greatly humbled himself before the God of his ancestors {{rf{13}}} and prayed to him. And God responded to him and heard his plea and let him return to Jerusalem to his kingdom. And Manasseh knew that Yahweh was God. {{rf{14}}} Then afterward he built an outer wall for the city of David west of the Gihon in the valley, and for the entrance into the Gate of the Fishes. And it encircled the Ophel and raised it very high. Then he placed strong commanders in all the fortified cities of Judah. {{rf{15}}} And he removed the foreign gods and the carved image from the house of Yahweh and all the altars which he built on the mountain of the house of Yahweh and in Jerusalem, and he threw them outside the city. {{rf{16}}} And he restored the altar of Yahweh and offered sacrifices of peace offerings and thank offerings upon it. And he commanded Judah to serve Yahweh, the God of Israel. {{rf{17}}} Nevertheless, the people offered at the high places, but only to Yahweh their God. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-33-01]] }}}
 {{rf{18}}} Now the remainder of the words of Manasseh and his prayer to his God and the words of the seers who spoke to him in the name of Yahweh, the God of Israel, behold, they are in the words of the kings of Israel. {{rf{19}}} And his prayer, and how he responded to him, all his sin and his unfaithful acts, and the places where he built the high places and set up Asherahs and idols before he humbled himself, behold, they are written in the words of the seers. {{rf{20}}} And Manasseh slept with his ancestors, and they buried him in his house. And Amon his son became king in his place. {{rf{21}}} Amon was twenty-two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. {{rf{22}}} And he did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh as Manasseh his father had done. And Amon sacrificed to all the idols that Manasseh his father had made, and he served them. {{rf{23}}} And he did not humble himself before Yahweh, as Manasseh his father humbled himself, but Amon himself multiplied his guilt. {{rf{24}}} And his servants conspired against him and killed him in his house. {{rf{25}}} But the people of the land struck down all who conspired against King Amon. And the people of the land made his son Josiah king in his place. {{rf big{1}}} Josiah was eight years old when he became king, and he reigned thirty-one years in Jerusalem. {{rf{2}}} And he did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh, and he walked in the ways of David his ancestor and did not deviate to the right or to the left. {{rf{3}}} In the eighth year of his reign, while he was still a boy, he began to seek the God of David his ancestor. And in the twelfth year he began to cleanse Judah and Jerusalem of the high places, the Asherahs, the idols, and the images. {{rf{4}}} And he destroyed before him the altars for the Baals, and he cut down the incense stands above them. And the Asherahs, the idols, and the images he smashed. And he ground them to powder and sprinkled the dust over the burial sites of those who sacrificed to them. {{rf{5}}} And he burned the bones of the priests on the altars and cleansed Judah and Jerusalem. {{rf{6}}} And in the cities of Manasseh, Ephraim, Simeon, and as far as Naphtali, in their ruins all around, {{rf{7}}} he broke down the altars and the Asherahs and crushed the idols, grinding them to dust, and he cut down all the incense stands in all the land of Israel. Then he returned to Jerusalem. {{rf{8}}} Now in the eighteenth year of his reign after he purged the land and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, Maaseiah the commander of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz, the recorder, to repair the house of Yahweh his God. {{rf{9}}} And they came to Hilkiah the high priest and gave the money that was brought for the house of God, which the Levites, the guardians of the threshold, had gathered from the hand of Manasseh, Ephraim, and from the whole remnant of Israel, and from all Judah and Benjamin and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. {{rf{10}}} And they delivered it into the hand of the workmen who were appointed in the house of Yahweh, and they in turn gave it to those doing the work who were at work in the house of Yahweh, to repair and restore the house. {{rf{11}}} And they dispensed it to the skilled craftsmen and the builders to buy stone for hewing and timber for the seams and for binding the houses that the kings of Judah had destroyed. {{rf{12}}} And the men did the work faithfully. Over them as supervisors were appointed Jahath and Obadiah, the Levites from the Merarites, and Zechariah and Meshullam from the Kohathites. And other Levites, all who were skilled in instruments of song, {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-33-18]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} were over the porters and were directing all who worked on each task. And some of the Levites were scribes, officials, and gatekeepers. {{rf{14}}} And when they brought out the money that had been brought to the house of Yahweh, Hilkiah the priest found a scroll of the law of Yahweh by the hand of Moses. {{rf{15}}} And Hilkiah answered and said to Shaphan the scribe, "I have found a scroll of the law in the house of Yahweh!" Then Hilkiah gave the scroll to Shaphan. {{rf{16}}} And Shaphan brought the scroll to the king and also informed the king, saying, "All that was put into the hand of your servants they are doing. {{rf{17}}} They have dispensed the money which was found in the house of Yahweh and have put it into the hand of the overseers and those doing the work." {{rf{18}}} Then Shaphan the scribe reported to the king, "Hilkiah the priest gave to me a scroll." Then Shaphan read from it before the king. {{rf{19}}} And when the king heard the words of the law, he tore his garments, {{rf{20}}} and the king commanded Hilkiah, Ahikam the son of Shaphan, Abdon the son of Micah, Shaphan the scribe, and Asaiah the servant of the king, saying, {{rf{21}}} "Go! Seek Yahweh on my behalf and on behalf of those remaining in Israel and Judah concerning the words of the scroll that was found, for the anger of Yahweh that was poured out on us is great, because our ancestors have not kept the word of Yahweh, to do all that is written in this scroll." {{rf{22}}} Then Hilkiah and those whom the king had sent went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum, son of Tikvath, son of Hasrah, keeper of the garments. (Now she was living in Jerusalem in the second district.) And they spoke to her concerning this. {{rf{23}}} And she said to them, "Thus says Yahweh, the God of Israel: 'Say to the man who sent you all to me: {{rf{24}}} "Thus says Yahweh: 'Behold, I am bringing disaster upon this place and upon its inhabitants -- all the curses written in the scroll that were read before the king of Judah -- {{rf{25}}} because they have abandoned me and burned incense to other gods so as to provoke me to anger with all the works of their hands. And my wrath will be poured out on this place and it will not be quenched.' {{rf{26}}} But to the king of Judah who sent you to seek Yahweh, thus shall you say to him: 'Thus says Yahweh, the God of Israel: As for the words which you heard, {{rf{27}}} because your heart was responsive and you humbled yourself before God when you heard his words against this place and against its inhabitants and you humbled yourself before me and tore your garments and wept before me, now I also have heard,' declares Yahweh. {{rf{28}}} 'Behold, I will gather you to your ancestors, and you will be gathered to your grave in peace. Your eyes will not see any of the disaster that I am bringing upon this place.'" '" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-34-13]] }}}
 {{rf{29}}} Then they sent word to the king, and he gathered all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem. {{rf{30}}} And the king went up to the house of Yahweh with all the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, with the priests and the Levites -- all the people from great to small -- and they read in their ears all the words of the scroll of the covenant that was found in the house of Yahweh. {{rf{31}}} And the king stood at his position. And he made the covenant before Yahweh, to walk after Yahweh and to keep his commands and statutes and regulations with all his heart and with all his soul, to do the words of the covenant that were written on this scroll. {{rf{32}}} Then he obligated all who were found in Jerusalem and in Benjamin, that the inhabitants of Jerusalem would do according to the covenant of God, the God of their ancestors. {{rf{33}}} And Josiah removed all the detestable things from the whole land that belonged to the Israelites and obligated all who were found in Israel to serve Yahweh their God. All his days they did not turn aside from following Yahweh, the God of their ancestors. {{rf big{1}}} Josiah kept the Passover to Yahweh in Jerusalem. And they slaughtered the Passover sacrifice on the fourteenth day of the first month. {{rf{2}}} And he set the priests at their posts and encouraged them in the service of the house of Yahweh. {{rf{3}}} And he said to the Levites who were teaching all Israel, who were sanctified to Yahweh, "Put the holy ark in the house which Solomon the son of David, king of Israel, built. There is no need to carry it on your shoulders. Now serve Yahweh your God and his people Israel. {{rf{4}}} And prepare yourselves according to your families, according to your working groups, according to the decree of David king of Israel and according to the decree of Solomon his son. {{rf{5}}} And stand in the sanctuary according to the clans of your families for your brothers, the lay people, and a part of the family of the Levites. {{rf{6}}} And slaughter the Passover lamb and consecrate yourself and prepare for your brothers to do according to the word of Yahweh by the hand of Moses. {{rf{7}}} Then Josiah provided for the lay people sheep, lambs, and young goats, all for the Passover for all who were found there, to the sum of thirty thousand, along with three thousand bulls. These were the possession of the king. {{rf{8}}} And his officials contributed a freewill offering to the people, to the priests, and to the Levites. Hilkiah, Zechariah, and Jehiel, commanders of the house of God, gave to the priests two thousand six hundred Passover lambs and three hundred bulls. {{rf{9}}} Conaniah also, and Shemaiah and Nethanel his brothers, and Hashabiah and Jeiel and Jehozabad, commanders of the Levites, contributed to the Levites five thousand Passover lambs and five hundred bulls. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-34-29]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} And when the work had been completed, the priests stood at their positions and the Levites in their working groups according to the command of the king. {{rf{11}}} And they slaughtered the Passover lamb, and the priests sprinkled the blood from their hand, and the Levites flayed the sacrifices. {{rf{12}}} And they set aside the burnt offerings to give them to the clans of the families for the lay people, to offer to Yahweh according to what is written in the scroll of Moses. And thus they did with the bulls. {{rf{13}}} Then they roasted the Passover lamb in the fire according to the ordinance. And they boiled the holy offerings in pots, in kettles, and in dishes and brought it quickly to the lay people. {{rf{14}}} And afterward they prepared for themselves and for the priests, since the priests, the descendants of Aaron, were busy with offering the burnt offerings and the fat until night. So the Levites prepared for themselves and for the priests, the descendants of Aaron. {{rf{15}}} And the singers, the descendants of Asaph, were at their stations according to the decree of David and Asaph and Heman and Jeduthun, the seer of the king. And the gatekeepers were at each gate. They did not need to depart from their service, for their brothers the Levites had made preparations for them. {{rf{16}}} So all the service of Yahweh was prepared on that day to keep the Passover and to sacrifice burnt offerings on the altar of Yahweh, according to the command of King Josiah. {{rf{17}}} And the Israelites who were present kept the Passover at that time, and the Feast of Unleavened Bread seven days. {{rf{18}}} And there was no Passover like it kept in Israel since the days of Samuel the prophet. And none of the kings of Israel kept a Passover like that which Josiah and the priests and the Levites, and all of Judah and Israel who were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, kept. {{rf{19}}} In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah this Passover was kept. {{rf{20}}} After all of this that Josiah had prepared for the temple, Neco the king of Egypt went up to make war at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah went up to meet him. {{rf{21}}} And he sent messengers to him, saying, "What is there between us, O king of Judah? I am not against you yourself this day, but against the house making war against me. And God has commanded me to make haste. Stop opposing God, who is with me that he will not destroy you." {{rf{22}}} But Josiah did not turn his face from him, but he disguised himself to fight with him. He did not listen to the words of Neco from the mouth of God, and he went out to fight in the plain of Megiddo. {{rf{23}}} And the archers shot King Josiah, and the king said to his servants, "Take me away, for I am badly wounded." {{rf{24}}} So his servants took him out of the chariot and transported him in his second chariot and brought him to Jerusalem. And he died and was buried in the burial sites of his ancestors. And all Judah and Jerusalem mourned over Josiah. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-35-10]] }}}
 {{rf{25}}} And Jeremiah uttered a lament for Josiah, and all the male and female singers have spoken in their laments about Josiah to this day. And they made them a requirement in Israel, and behold, they are written in the laments. {{rf{26}}} Now the remainder of the words of Josiah and his loyal love for what is written in the law of Yahweh {{rf{27}}} and his words, from the first to the last, behold, they are written in the scroll of the kings of Israel and Judah. {{rf big{1}}} And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah and made him king in place of his father in Jerusalem. {{rf{2}}} Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. {{rf{3}}} Then the king of Egypt deposed him in Jerusalem and laid a tribute upon the land of one hundred talents of silver and one talent of gold. {{rf{4}}} And the king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem, and he changed his name to Jehoiakim. But Neco took Jehoahaz his brother and brought him to Egypt. {{rf{5}}} Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh his God. {{rf{6}}} Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon went up against him, and he bound him with bronze fetters to bring him to Babylon. {{rf{7}}} And Nebuchadnezzar brought to Babylon the objects of the house of Yahweh and put them into the temple in Babylon. {{rf{8}}} Now the remainder of the words of Jehoiakim and the detestable things that he did and what was found against him, behold, they are written in the scroll of the kings of Israel and Judah. And Jehoiachin his son reigned in his place. {{rf{9}}} Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem. And he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh. {{rf{10}}} And at the turn of the year King Nebuchadnezzar sent and brought him to Babylon, with objects of the treasure of the house of Yahweh. And he made Zedekiah his brother king in Judah and Jerusalem. {{rf{11}}} Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. {{rf{12}}} And he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh his God. He did not humble himself before Jeremiah the prophet who spoke for Yahweh. {{rf{13}}} And he also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God. He stiffened his neck and hardened his heart against turning to Yahweh, the God of Israel. {{rf{14}}} All the leaders of the priests and the people likewise increased in unfaithfulness according to all the detestable things of the nations. And they polluted the house of Yahweh that he had consecrated in Jerusalem. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-35-25]] }}}
 {{rf{15}}} And Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, had repeatedly and persistently sent to them by the hand of his messengers, because he had compassion on his people and on his dwelling place. {{rf{16}}} But they were mocking the messengers of God and despising his words and scoffing at his prophets until the wrath of Yahweh rose against his people until there was no remedy. {{rf{17}}} Therefore he brought against them the king of the Chaldeans, and he killed their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary. He showed no mercy on a young man, a virgin, the elderly, or decrepit. He delivered all into his hand. {{rf{18}}} And all the vessels of the house of God, the great and the small, the storehouses of the house of Yahweh, and the storehouses of the king and his princes, these all he brought to Babylon. {{rf{19}}} And they burned the house of God. And they shattered the walls of Jerusalem and burned its citadels with fire and destroyed all the vessels of its treasuries. {{rf{20}}} And he took those who escaped the sword to Babylon. And they became servants to him and to his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia, {{rf{21}}} to fulfill the word of Yahweh by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land has enjoyed its Sabbaths. All the days of desolation it kept Sabbath, to fulfill seventy years. {{rf{22}}} And in the first year of Cyrus, the king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of Yahweh by the mouth of Jeremiah, Yahweh stirred up the spirit of Cyrus, king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom and also in writing, saying: {{rf{23}}} "Thus says Cyrus, king of Persia: 'Yahweh the God of heaven has given to me all the kingdoms of the earth, and he has appointed me to build a house for him at Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whoever is among you from all his people, may Yahweh his God go up with him.'" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Chron-36-15]] }}}
Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, and Timothy our brother, to the church of God that is in Corinth, together with all the saints who are in all Achaia. {{rf{2}}} Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. {{rf{3}}} Blessed is the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort, {{rf{4}}} who comforts us in all our affliction, so that we may be able to comfort those who are in all affliction with the comfort with which we ourselves are comforted by God. {{rf{5}}} For just as the sufferings of Christ overflow to us, thus through Christ our comfort overflows also. {{rf{6}}} But if we are afflicted, it is for your comfort and salvation; if we are comforted, it is for your comfort that is at work in the patient endurance of the same sufferings that we also suffer. {{rf{7}}} And our hope for you is firm, because we know that as you are sharers in the sufferings, so also you will be sharers in the comfort. {{rf{8}}} For we do not want you to be ignorant, brothers, concerning our affliction that happened in the province of Asia, that we were burdened to an extraordinary degree, beyond our strength, so that we were in despair even of living. {{rf{9}}} But we ourselves had the sentence of death in ourselves, so that we would not be putting confidence in ourselves, but in God who raises the dead, {{rf{10}}} who delivered us from so great a risk of death, and will deliver us, in whom we have put our hope that he will also deliver us again, {{rf{11}}} while you also join in helping on our behalf by prayer, so that thanks may be given on our behalf by many persons for this gracious gift given to us through the help of many. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-01-01]] }}}
<<Bbl 2C 1:3 abbr >>-7     //Comfort// throughout is //paracletes//.  This Helper is a coach: no passive sort of agent.

2:3	Refers to <<Bbl 1C 16:5>>-7.
<<Bbl 2C 2:10 abbr >>   If we will take this attitude, we can find release from the steady accumulation of bitternesses which otherwise will sink our ministry.
<<Bbl 2C 2:12 abbr>>-13	Hughes says Paul wanted to learn from Titus the state of the Corinthian believers.  He recounts his deep unrest and the decision to leave Troas to show his purposeful affection for them (commentary on 2 Corinthians).  Ac 20:6-12 indicates the //open door// remained for later ministry.  

<<Bbl 2C 3:21 abbr >>-23  <<Bbl R 8:32 >>  
3:7	<<Bbl Ex 34:29ff>>.  Some believe the radiance began to fade between sessions in God's presence.  I used to look at it that way.  But Paul seems to be viewing the matter from a higher altitude, historically.  And I'm thinking it's only from this verse that the "weekday fade" concept has occured to anyone.  

<<Bbl 2C 4:2 abbr>> -- renouncing [[Shame]]
4:4-6   The work of the evangelist is couched between verses which describe, first, the work of Satan, and second, the illuminating grace of God.
4:7 See <<Bbl Jer 32:17 >>.
<<Bbl 2C 4:7 abbr>>	Contrast with <<Bbl 2Tim 2:20>> where Paul uses the same image for an entirely different purpose.  We must not easily and wrongly assume an image is used with same intent in every place.
<<Bbl 2C 4:17 abbr >>-18  Charles Simeon's statement comparing life with its hardships to making one's way through a hedge. 

5:5 see <<Bbl Eph 1:13 >>
<<Bbl 2C 5:20 abbr >>    Diplomatic immunity might preach by analogy.

<<Bbl 2C 6:14 abbr>>    Refers to <<Bbl Dt 22:10 >> (although many have proposed a letter between the two we have).  
 {{rf{12}}} For our reason for boasting is this: the testimony of our conscience that we conducted ourselves in the world, and especially toward you, in holiness and purity of motive from God, not in merely human wisdom, but by the grace of God. {{rf{13}}} For we are not writing anything else to you except what you can read or also understand. But I hope that you will understand completely, {{rf{14}}} just as you have also understood us in part, that we are your reason for boasting, just as you are also ours in the day of our Lord Jesus. {{rf{15}}} And with this confidence, I was wanting to come to you previously, in order that you may have a second proof of my goodwill, {{rf{16}}} and through you to go to Macedonia, and to come to you again from Macedonia, and to be sent on my way by you to Judea. {{rf{17}}} Therefore, when I was wanting to do this, perhaps then was I making use of vacillation? Or was I deciding what I was deciding according to the flesh, in order that with me my "yes" may be "yes" and my "no" may be "no" at the same time? {{rf{18}}} But God is faithful, so that our word to you is not "yes" and "no." {{rf{19}}} For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, the one who was proclaimed among you by us, by me and Silvanus and Timothy, did not become "yes" and "no," but has become "yes" in him. {{rf{20}}} For as many as are the promises of God, in him they are "yes"; therefore also through him is the "amen" to the glory of God through us. {{rf{21}}} Now the one who establishes us together with you in Christ and who anoints us is God, {{rf{22}}} who also sealed us and gave the down payment of the Spirit in our hearts. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-01-12]] }}}
 {{rf{23}}} But I call upon God as witness against my life, that in order to spare you, I did not come again to Corinth. {{rf{24}}} Not that we lord it over your faith, but we are fellow workers for your joy, because by faith you stand firm. {{rf big{1}}} For I have decided this for myself, not to come to you again in sorrow. {{rf{2}}} For if I cause you sorrow, then who will make me glad except the one who is caused to be sad by me? {{rf{3}}} And I wrote this very thing in order that when I came, I would not experience sorrow from those who ought to have made me glad, because I have confidence about you all, that my joy belongs to all of you. {{rf{4}}} For out of great distress and anguish of heart I wrote to you through many tears, not so that you may be caused to be sad, but so that you may know the love that I have especially for you. {{rf{5}}} But if anyone has caused sorrow, he has not caused me sorrow, but to some degree -- in order not to say too much -- to all of you. {{rf{6}}} This punishment by the majority is sufficient for such a person. {{rf{7}}} So then, you should rather forgive and comfort him, lest somehow this person should be overwhelmed by excessive sorrow. {{rf{8}}} Therefore I urge you to confirm your love for him. {{rf{9}}} Because for this reason also I wrote, in order that I could know your proven character, whether you are obedient in everything. {{rf{10}}} Now to whomever you forgive anything, I also do; for indeed, whatever I have forgiven, if I have forgiven anything, it is for your sake in the presence of Christ, {{rf{11}}} in order that we may not be exploited by Satan (for we are not ignorant of his schemes). {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-01-23]] }}}
 {{rf{12}}} Now when I arrived in Troas for the gospel of Christ and a door was opened for me by the Lord, {{rf{13}}} I did not experience rest in my spirit, because I did not find Titus my brother, but saying farewell to them, I departed for Macedonia. {{rf{14}}} But thanks be to God, who always leads us in triumphal procession in Christ, and who reveals the fragrance of the knowledge of him through us in every place. {{rf{15}}} For we are the aroma of Christ to God among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing, {{rf{16}}} to those on the one hand an odor from death to death, and to those on the other hand a fragrance from life to life. And who is qualified for these things? {{rf{17}}} For we are not like the majority who peddle the word of God, but as from pure motives -- but as from God -- we speak before God in Christ. 
----
{{rf big{1}}} Are we beginning to commend ourselves again? Or do we, like some, need letters of recommendation to you or from you? {{rf{2}}} You are our letter, inscribed on our hearts, known and read by all people, {{rf{3}}} revealing that you are a letter of Christ, delivered by us, inscribed not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on stone tablets but on tablets of human hearts. {{rf{4}}} Now we possess such confidence through Christ toward God. {{rf{5}}} Not that we are adequate in ourselves to consider anything as from ourselves, but our adequacy is from God, {{rf{6}}} who also makes us adequate as servants of a new covenant, not of the letter, but of the Spirit, for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-02-12]] }}}
 {{rf{7}}} But if the ministry of death in letters carved on stone came with glory, so that the sons of Israel were not able to look intently into the face of Moses because of the glory of his face, which was transitory, {{rf{8}}} how will the ministry of the Spirit not be even more with glory? {{rf{9}}} For if there was glory in the ministry of condemnation, by much more will the ministry of righteousness overflow with glory. {{rf{10}}} For indeed what had been glorified has not been glorified in this case, on account of the glory that surpasses it. {{rf{11}}} For if what was transitory came with glory, by much more what remains is with glory. {{rf{12}}} Therefore, because we have such a hope, we use much boldness, {{rf{13}}} and not as Moses used to place a veil over his face, in order that the sons of Israel would not stare at the end of what was transitory. {{rf{14}}} But their minds were hardened. For until this very day, the same veil remains upon the reading of the old covenant, not being uncovered, because it is done away with in Christ. {{rf{15}}} But until today, whenever Moses is read aloud, a veil lies upon their heart, {{rf{16}}} but whenever one turns to the Lord, the veil is removed. {{rf{17}}} Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. {{rf{18}}} And we all, with unveiled face, reflecting the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory into glory, just as from the Lord, the Spirit. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-03-07]] }}}
Because of this, since we have this ministry, just as we have been shown mercy, we do not lose heart, {{rf{2}}} but we have renounced shameful hidden things, not behaving with craftiness or adulterating the word of God, but with the open proclamation of the truth commending ourselves to every person's conscience before God. {{rf{3}}} But if indeed our gospel is veiled, it is veiled among those who are perishing, {{rf{4}}} among whom the god of this age has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, so that they would not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. {{rf{5}}} For we do not proclaim ourselves, but Christ Jesus as Lord, and ourselves as your slaves for the sake of Jesus. {{rf{6}}} For God who said, "Light will shine out of darkness," is the one who has shined in our hearts for the enlightenment of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ. {{rf{7}}} But we have this treasure in earthenware jars, in order that the extraordinary degree of the power may be from God and not from us. {{rf{8}}} We are afflicted in every way, but not crushed; perplexed, but not despairing; {{rf{9}}} persecuted, but not abandoned; struck down, but not destroyed; {{rf{10}}} always carrying around the death of Jesus in our body, in order that the life of Jesus may also be revealed in our body. {{rf{11}}} For we who are alive are continually being handed over to death because of Jesus, in order that the life of Jesus may also be revealed in our mortal flesh. {{rf{12}}} So then, death is at work in us, but life in you. {{rf{13}}} But because we have the same spirit of faith in accordance with what is written, "I believed, therefore I spoke," we also believe, therefore we also speak, {{rf{14}}} because we know that the one who raised Jesus will also raise us together with Jesus and present us together with you. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-04-01]] }}}
 {{rf{15}}} For all these things are for your sake, in order that the grace that is increasing through the many may cause thanksgiving to abound to the glory of God. {{rf{16}}} Therefore we do not lose heart, but even if our outer person is being destroyed, yet our inner person is being renewed day after day. {{rf{17}}} For our momentary light affliction is producing in us an eternal weight of glory beyond all measure and proportion, {{rf{18}}} because we are not looking at what is seen, but what is not seen. For what is seen is temporary, but what is not seen is eternal. {{rf big{1}}} For we know that if our earthly house, the tent, is destroyed, we have a building from God, a house not made by hands, eternal in the heavens. {{rf{2}}} For indeed, in this house we groan, because we desire to put on our dwelling from heaven, {{rf{3}}} if indeed, even after we have taken it off, we will not be found naked. {{rf{4}}} For indeed we who are in this tent groan, being burdened for this reason, that we do not want to be unclothed, but to be clothed, in order that what is mortal may be swallowed up by life. {{rf{5}}} Now the one who has prepared us for this very thing is God, who has given us the down payment, the Spirit. {{rf{6}}} Therefore, although we are always confident and know that while we are at home in the body we are absent from the Lord -- {{rf{7}}} for we live by faith, not by sight -- {{rf{8}}} so we are confident and prefer rather to be absent from the body and to be at home with the Lord. {{rf{9}}} Therefore indeed we have as our ambition, whether at home in the body or absent from the body, to be acceptable to him. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-04-15]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, in order that each one may receive back the things through the body according to what he has done, whether good or bad. {{rf{11}}} Therefore, because we know the fear of the Lord, we are attempting to persuade people, but we are revealed to God, and I hope to be revealed in your consciences. {{rf{12}}} We are not commending ourselves to you again, but are giving you an opportunity to boast about us, in order that you may have an answer for those who boast in appearance and not in heart. {{rf{13}}} For if we are out of our senses, it is for God; if we are of sound mind, it is for you. {{rf{14}}} For the love of Christ controls us, because we have concluded this: that one died for all; as a result all died. {{rf{15}}} And he died for all, in order that those who live should no longer live for themselves, but for the one who died for them and was raised. {{rf{16}}} So then, from now on we know no one from a human point of view, if indeed we have known Christ from a human point of view, but now we know him this way no longer. {{rf{17}}} Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old things have passed away; behold, new things have come. {{rf{18}}} And all these things are from God, who has reconciled us to himself through Christ, and who has given us the ministry of reconciliation, {{rf{19}}} namely, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation. {{rf{20}}} Therefore we are ambassadors on behalf of Christ, as if God were imploring you through us. We beg you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-05-10]] }}}
 {{rf{21}}} He made the one who did not know sin to be sin on our behalf, in order that we could become the righteousness of God in him. {{rf big{1}}} Now because we are fellow workers, we also urge you not to receive the grace of God in vain. {{rf{2}}} For he says, "At the acceptable time I heard you, and in the day of salvation I helped you." Behold, now is the acceptable time; behold, now is the day of salvation! {{rf{3}}} We are giving no one an occasion for taking offense in anything, in order that our ministry will not have fault found with it, {{rf{4}}} but commending ourselves as servants of God in every way, in much endurance, in afflictions, in distresses, in difficulties, {{rf{5}}} in beatings, in prisons, in disturbances, in troubles, in sleepless nights, in going hungry, {{rf{6}}} in purity, in knowledge, in patience, in kindness, in the Holy Spirit, in love without hypocrisy, {{rf{7}}} in the word of truth, in the power of God, with the weapons of righteousness for the right hand and left hand, {{rf{8}}} through glory and dishonor, through slander and good repute, regarded as deceivers and yet truthful, {{rf{9}}} as unknown and yet known completely, as dying, and behold, we go on living, as disciplined, and yet not put to death, {{rf{10}}} as grieving, but always rejoicing, as poor, but making many rich, as having nothing, and possessing everything. {{rf{11}}} We have spoken freely and openly to you, Corinthians; our heart is open wide. {{rf{12}}} You are not restricted by us, but you are restricted in your affections. {{rf{13}}} Now the same way in exchange (I am speaking as to children), you open wide your hearts also. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-05-21]] }}}
 {{rf{14}}} Do not become unevenly yoked with unbelievers, for what participation is there between righteousness and lawlessness? Or what fellowship does light have with darkness? {{rf{15}}} And what agreement does Christ have with Beliar? Or what share does a believer have with an unbeliever? {{rf{16}}} And what agreement does the temple of God have with idols? For we are the temple of the living God, just as God said, "I will live in them and will walk about among them, and I will be their God and they will be my people." {{rf{17}}} Therefore "come out from their midst and be separate," says the Lord, "and do not touch what is unclean, and I will welcome you, {{rf{18}}} and I will be a father to you, and you will be sons and daughters to me," says the all-powerful Lord. {{rf big{1}}} Therefore since we have these promises, dear friends, let us cleanse ourselves from all defilement of body and spirit, accomplishing holiness in the fear of God. {{rf{2}}} Make room for us in your hearts. We have wronged no one, we have ruined no one, we have defrauded no one. {{rf{3}}} I do not say this to condemn you, because I have already said that you are in our hearts, so that we die together and we live together. {{rf{4}}} Great is my confidence toward you; great is my boasting on your behalf; I am filled with encouragement; I am overflowing with joy in all our affliction. {{rf{5}}} For even when we arrived in Macedonia, our body had no rest, but we were afflicted in every way -- quarrels outside, fears within. {{rf{6}}} But God, who comforts the humble, comforted us by the coming of Titus, {{rf{7}}} and not only by his coming, but also by the comfort with which he was comforted among you, because he reported to us your longing, your mourning, your zeal for me, so that I rejoiced even more. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-06-14]] }}}
<<Bbl 2C 8:1 abbr >>-7 Grace opens and closes.  Verse 1 says //grace of God//, which illuminates verses 6,7 - it is not a mere human grace.  

<<Bbl 2C 9:7 abbr >> The word here rendered cheerful is related to our English word "hilarious" and could be translated as "merrily, with pleasure".

<<Bbl 2C 10:5 abbr >> . Compare Ezekiel chapter 6.
<<Bbl 2C 10:5 abbr>>    //We take every thought captive// -- Jericho provides a rich picture of this work, and [[Rahab]] of us the delivered.  
<<Bbl 2C 10:5 abbr >> Do not take a light view of //taking captive//, as if it were a mere quarantine.  Paul indicates this //thought// is a token or messenger of a //stronghold//.  Imagine a king who is aware of repeated incursions; it is not enough to put the miscreants in prison - they must be interrogated.  So we must examine our temptations and distractions to find their source.  

<<Bbl 2C 11:8 abbr>>-09     <<Bbl 2C 14:36 abbr >>.
<<Bbl 2C 11:22 abbr >>	This idea is expanded in <<Bbl Php 3:5 abbr >>.  Essentially Paul has traded in status and achievements for trials.  

<<Bbl 2C 12:9 abbr>>	Chiastic structure.  [[source|http://www.preceptaustin.org/2corinthians_129_commentary.htm]]
{{{
	A is sufficient
	B 	for you
	C 		my grace
	C´ 		my power
	B´ 	in weakness
	A´ is perfected
}}}
12:15   A crux.

13:10   Severity, says Paul, does not come naturally to me; like the "strange work" of <<Bbl I 28:21 >>. 

<<Bbl 2C 14:36 abbr >>	 <<Bbl 2C 11:8 >>-09. 
 {{rf{8}}} For if indeed I grieved you by my letter, I do not regret it. Even if I did regret it (I see that that letter grieved you, even though for a short time), {{rf{9}}} now I rejoice, not that you were grieved, but that you were grieved to repentance. For you were grieved according to the will of God, so that you suffered loss in no way through us. {{rf{10}}} For grief according to the will of God brings about a repentance leading to salvation, not to be regretted, but worldly grief brings about death. {{rf{11}}} For behold how much diligence this very thing, being grieved according to the will of God, has brought about in you: what defense of yourselves, what indignation, what fear, what longing, what zeal, what punishment! In everything you have demonstrated yourselves to be innocent in this matter. {{rf{12}}} Consequently, even if I wrote to you, it was not because of the one who did wrong or because of the one who had been wronged, but in order that your diligence on our behalf might be revealed to you before God. {{rf{13}}} Because of this we have been encouraged, and in addition to our encouragement, we rejoiced much more over the joy of Titus, because his spirit had been refreshed by all of you. {{rf{14}}} For if I have boasted anything to him about you, I have not been put to shame, but as I have spoken everything to you in truth, thus also our boasting to Titus has proven to be true. {{rf{15}}} And his affection for you is all the more when he remembers the obedience of all of you as you welcomed him with fear and trembling. {{rf{16}}} I rejoice, because in everything I am completely confident in you. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-07-08]] }}}
Now we make known to you, brothers, the grace of God that has been given among the churches of Macedonia, {{rf{2}}} that with a great ordeal of affliction, the abundance of their joy and the extreme depth of their poverty have overflowed to the wealth of their generosity. {{rf{3}}} I testify that they gave according to their ability, and beyond their ability, by their own choice, {{rf{4}}} requesting of us with much exhortation the favor and the fellowship of the ministry to the saints, {{rf{5}}} and not just as we had hoped, but they gave themselves first to the Lord and then to us, by the will of God. {{rf{6}}} So we urged Titus that, just as he had previously begun it, thus he would also complete for you this act of grace. {{rf{7}}} But just as you excel in everything -- in faith and in speaking and in knowledge and with all diligence and in the love from us that is in you -- so may you excel in this grace also. {{rf{8}}} I am not saying this as a command, but proving the genuineness of your love by means of the diligence of others. {{rf{9}}} For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that although he was rich, for your sake he became poor, in order that you, by his poverty, may become rich. {{rf{10}}} And I am giving an opinion in this matter, because this is profitable for you who not only began previously, a year ago, to do something, but also to want to do it. {{rf{11}}} So now also complete the doing of it, in order that just as you have the eagerness to want to do it, thus also you may complete it from what you have. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-08-01]] }}}
 {{rf{12}}} For if the eagerness is present according to what one has, it is acceptable not according to what one does not have. {{rf{13}}} For this is not that for others there may be relief, and for you difficult circumstances, but as a matter of equality. {{rf{14}}} At the present time your abundance will be for their need, in order that their abundance may also be for your need, so that there may be equality, {{rf{15}}} just as it is written, "The one who gathered much did not have too much, and the one who gathered little did not have too little." {{rf{16}}} But thanks be to God, who has put in the heart of Titus the same devotion on your behalf, {{rf{17}}} because he not only welcomed our request, but being very earnest, by his own choice he went out to you. {{rf{18}}} And we have sent at the same time with him the brother whose praise in the gospel has become known throughout all the churches. {{rf{19}}} And not only this, but he was also chosen by the churches as our traveling companion together with this gift that is being administered by us to the glory of the Lord himself and to show our readiness to help. {{rf{20}}} We are trying to avoid this, lest anyone should find fault with us in this abundant gift that is being administered by us. {{rf{21}}} For we are taking into consideration what is honorable not only before the Lord, but also before people. {{rf{22}}} And we are sending with them our brother whom we have tested many times in many things that he is diligent, but now much more diligent because of his great confidence in you. {{rf{23}}} If there is a question concerning Titus, he is my partner and fellow worker for you. If there is a question concerning our brothers, they are messengers of the churches, the glory of Christ. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-08-12]] }}}
 {{rf{24}}} Therefore show to them the proof of your love and our boasting about you openly before the churches. {{rf big{1}}} For it is unnecessary for me to write to you concerning the ministry to the saints, {{rf{2}}} because I know your readiness to help, concerning which I keep on boasting to the Macedonians about you, that Achaia has been ready to help since last year, and your zeal has stirred up the majority of them. {{rf{3}}} But I am sending the brothers in order that our boasting about you would not prove to be empty in this case, so that you may be prepared just as I was saying, {{rf{4}}} lest somehow if Macedonians should come with me and find you unprepared, we -- not to speak of you -- would be humiliated in connection with this project. {{rf{5}}} Therefore I considered it necessary to urge the brothers that they should go on ahead to you and make arrangements in advance for your generous gift that was promised previously, so this would be prepared as a generous gift and not as grudgingly granted. {{rf{6}}} Now the point is this: the one who sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and the one who sows bountifully will also reap bountifully. {{rf{7}}} Each one should give as he has decided in his heart, not reluctantly or from compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver. {{rf{8}}} And God is able to cause all grace to abound to you, so that in everything at all times, because you have enough of everything, you may overflow in every good work. {{rf{9}}} Just as it is written, "He scattered widely, he gave to the poor; his righteousness remains forever." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-08-24]] }}}
{{rf{10}}} Now the one who supplies seed to the sower and bread for food will provide and multiply your seed, and will cause the harvest of your righteousness to grow, {{rf{11}}} being made rich in every way for all generosity, which is producing through us thanksgiving to God, {{rf{12}}} because the service of this ministry is not only supplying the needs of the saints, but also is overflowing through many expressions of thanksgiving to God. {{rf{13}}} Through the proven character of this service they will glorify God because of the submission of your confession to the gospel of Christ and the generosity of your participation toward them and toward everyone, {{rf{14}}} and they are longing for you in their prayers for you, because of the surpassing grace of God to you. {{rf{15}}} Thanks be to God for his indescribable gift! {{rf big{1}}} Now I, Paul, appeal to you myself by the humility and gentleness of Christ, who when I am present in person am humble among you, but when I am absent am bold toward you -- {{rf{2}}} now I ask when I am present that I will not need to be bold with the confidence with which I propose to show boldness toward some who consider us as behaving according to the flesh. {{rf{3}}} For although we are living in the flesh, we do not wage war according to the flesh, {{rf{4}}} for the weapons of our warfare are not merely human, but powerful to God for the tearing down of fortresses, tearing down arguments {{rf{5}}} and all pride that is raised up against the knowledge of God, and taking every thought captive to the obedience of Christ. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-09-10]] }}}
 {{rf{6}}} And we are ready to punish all disobedience, whenever your obedience is completed. {{rf{7}}} You are looking at things according to appearance. If anyone is convinced he himself is Christ's, he should consider this concerning himself again: that just as Christ himself is, so also are we. {{rf{8}}} For even if I boast somewhat more about our authority that the Lord gave us for building you up and not for tearing you down, I will not be put to shame, {{rf{9}}} so that I do not want to appear as if I were terrifying you by my letters, {{rf{10}}} because it is said, "His letters are severe and powerful, but his bodily presence is weak and his speech is of no account." {{rf{11}}} Let such a person consider this: that what we are in word by letters when we are absent, we will also be in actions when we are present. {{rf{12}}} For we do not dare to classify or to compare ourselves with some who commend themselves, but they themselves, when they measure themselves by themselves and compare themselves with themselves, do not understand. {{rf{13}}} But we will not boast beyond limits, but according to the measure of the assignment that God has assigned to us as a measure to reach even as far as you. {{rf{14}}} For we are not overextending ourselves, as if we had not reached you, because we have reached even as far as you with the gospel of Christ, {{rf{15}}} not boasting beyond limits in the labors of others, but having hope that as your faith is growing to be enlarged greatly by you according to our assignment, {{rf{16}}} so that we may proclaim the gospel in the regions that lie beyond you, and not boast in the things accomplished in the area assigned to someone else. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-10-06]] }}}
 {{rf{17}}} But "the one who boasts, let him boast in the Lord." {{rf{18}}} For it is not the one commending himself who is approved, but the one whom the Lord commends. {{rf big{1}}} I wish that you would put up with me in something a little foolish -- but indeed you are putting up with me. {{rf{2}}} For I am jealous for you with a godly jealousy, because I promised you in marriage to one husband, to present you as a pure virgin to Christ. {{rf{3}}} But I am afraid lest somehow, as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness, your minds may be led astray from the sincerity and the purity of devotion to Christ. {{rf{4}}} For if the one who comes proclaims another Jesus whom we have not proclaimed, or you receive a different spirit which you did not receive, or a different gospel which you did not accept, you put up with it well enough! {{rf{5}}} For I consider myself in no way to be inferior to the preeminent apostles. {{rf{6}}} But even if I am unskilled in speech, yet I am not in knowledge; certainly in everything we have made this clear to you in every way. {{rf{7}}} Or did I commit a sin by humbling myself in order that you may be exalted, because I proclaimed the gospel of God to you without payment? {{rf{8}}} I robbed other churches by accepting support from them for the ministry to you. {{rf{9}}} And when I was present with you and was in need, I did not burden anyone, for the brothers who came from Macedonia supplied my need, and in everything I kept myself from being a burden to you, and will keep myself from being a burden. {{rf{10}}} As the truth of Christ is in me, this boasting of mine will not be stopped in the regions of Achaia. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-10-17]] }}}
 {{rf{11}}} Why? Because I do not love you? God knows I do! {{rf{12}}} But what I am doing, I will also do, in order that I may remove the opportunity of those who want an opportunity, that they may be found just as also we are in what they are boasting about. {{rf{13}}} For such people are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ. {{rf{14}}} And no wonder, for Satan himself disguises himself as an angel of light. {{rf{15}}} Therefore it is not a great thing if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness, whose end will be according to their deeds. {{rf{16}}} Again I say, do not let anyone think I am foolish. But indeed, if you do, accept me even as foolish, in order that I also may boast a little. {{rf{17}}} What I am saying in this project of boasting, I am not saying as the Lord would say, but as in foolishness. {{rf{18}}} Since many are boasting according to human standards, I also will boast. {{rf{19}}} For because you are wise, you put up with foolish people gladly! {{rf{20}}} For you put up with it if someone enslaves you, if someone devours you, if someone takes advantage of you, if someone is presumptious toward you, if someone strikes you in the face. {{rf{21}}} I say this to my shame, namely, that we have been weak. But in whatever anyone dares to boast -- I am speaking in foolishness -- I also dare to boast. {{rf{22}}} Are they Hebrews? I am also! Are they Israelites? I am also! Are they descendants of Abraham? I am also! {{rf{23}}} Are they servants of Christ? -- I am speaking as though I were beside myself -- I am more so, with far greater labors, with far more imprisonments, with beatings to a much greater degree, in danger of death many times. {{rf{24}}} Five times I received at the hands of the Jews forty lashes less one. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-11-11]] }}}
 {{rf{25}}} Three times I was beaten with rods. Once I received a stoning. Three times I was shipwrecked. A day and a night I have spent in the deep water. {{rf{26}}} I have been on journeys many times, in dangers from rivers, in dangers from robbers, in dangers from my own people, in dangers from the Gentiles, in dangers in the city, in dangers in the wilderness, in dangers at sea, in dangers because of false brothers, {{rf{27}}} with toil and hardship, often in sleepless nights, with hunger and thirst, often going hungry, in cold and poorly clothed. {{rf{28}}} Apart from these external things, there is the pressure on me every day of the anxiety about all the churches. {{rf{29}}} Who is weak, and I am not weak? Who is caused to sin, and I do not burn with indignation? {{rf{30}}} If it is necessary to boast, I will boast about the things related to my weakness. {{rf{31}}} The God and Father of the Lord Jesus, who is blessed forever, knows that I am not lying. {{rf{32}}} In Damascus, the governor under King Aretas was guarding the city of the Damascenes in order to take me into custody, {{rf{33}}} and I was lowered through a window through the wall in a rope-basket, and I escaped his hands. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-11-25]] }}}
It is necessary to boast; it is not profitable, but I will proceed to visions and revelations of the Lord. {{rf{2}}} I know a man in Christ fourteen years ago -- whether in the body I do not know, or outside the body I do not know, God knows -- such a man was caught up to the third heaven, {{rf{3}}} and I know this man -- whether in the body or apart from the body I do not know, God knows -- {{rf{4}}} that he was caught up to paradise and heard words not to be spoken, which it is not permitted for a person to speak. {{rf{5}}} On behalf of such a person I will boast, but on behalf of myself I will not boast, except in my weaknesses. {{rf{6}}} For if I want to boast, I will not be foolish, because I will be telling the truth, but I am refraining, so that no one can credit to me more than what he sees in me or hears anything from me, {{rf{7}}} even because of the extraordinary degree of the revelations. Therefore, so that I would not exalt myself, a thorn in the flesh was given to me, a messenger of Satan, in order that it would torment me so that I would not exalt myself. {{rf{8}}} Three times I appealed to the Lord about this, that it would depart from me. {{rf{9}}} And he said to me, "My grace is sufficient for you, because the power is perfected in weakness." Therefore rather I will boast most gladly in my weaknesses, in order that the power of Christ may reside in me. {{rf{10}}} Therefore I delight in weaknesses, in insults, in calamities, in persecutions and difficulties for the sake of Christ, for whenever I am weak, then I am strong. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-12-01]] }}}
 {{rf{11}}} I have become a fool! You compelled me, for I ought to have been commended by you, for I am in no way inferior to the preeminent apostles, even if I am nothing. {{rf{12}}} Indeed, the signs of an apostle have been done among you with all patient endurance, both signs and wonders and deeds of power. {{rf{13}}} For in what respect are you made worse off more than the rest of the churches, except that I myself was not a burden to you? Forgive me this wrong! {{rf{14}}} Behold, this third time I am ready to come to you, and I will not be a burden to you. For I am not seeking your possessions, but you. For children are not obligated to save up for their parents, but parents for their children. {{rf{15}}} But I will spend and be expended most gladly for your lives. If I love you much more, am I to be loved less? {{rf{16}}} But let it be. I have not been a burden to you, but because I was crafty, I took you by cunning. {{rf{17}}} I have not taken advantage of you through anyone whom I sent to you, have I? {{rf{18}}} I urged Titus to go, and I sent the brother with him. Titus did not take advantage of you, did he? Did we not conduct ourselves in the same spirit? Did we not walk in the same footsteps? {{rf{19}}} Have you been thinking all this time that we are defending ourselves to you? We are speaking in Christ before God, and all these things, dear friends, are for your edification. {{rf{20}}} For I am afraid lest somehow when I arrive, I will not find you as I want, and I may be found by you as you do not want. I am afraid lest somehow there will be strife, jealousy, outbursts of anger, selfish ambition, slander, gossip, pride, disorder. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-12-11]] }}}
 {{rf{21}}} I am afraid lest when I come again my God will humiliate me in your presence, and I will grieve over many of those who sinned previously and have not repented because of their impurity and sexual immorality and licentiousness that they have practiced. {{rf big{1}}} This is the third time I am coming to you. By the testimony of two or three witnesses every word will be established. {{rf{2}}} I have already said when I was present the second time, and although I am absent now I also say in advance to those who sinned previously and to all the rest, that if I come again I will not spare anyone, {{rf{3}}} since you are demanding proof that Christ, who is not weak toward you, but is powerful among you, is speaking in me. {{rf{4}}} For indeed, he was crucified because of weakness, but he lives because of the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but we will live together with him because of the power of God toward you. {{rf{5}}} Test yourselves to see if you are in the faith. Examine yourselves! Or do you not recognize regarding yourselves that Jesus Christ is in you, unless you are unqualified? {{rf{6}}} And I hope that you will recognize that we are not unqualified! {{rf{7}}} Now we pray to God that you not do wrong in any way, not that we are seen as approved, but that you do what is good, even though we are seen as though unqualified. {{rf{8}}} For we are not able to do anything against the truth, but rather only for the truth. {{rf{9}}} For we rejoice whenever we are weak, but you are strong, and we pray for this: your maturity. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-12-21]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} Because of this, I am writing these things although I am absent, in order that when I am present I may not have to act severely according to the authority that the Lord has given me for building up and not for tearing down. {{rf{11}}} Finally, brothers, rejoice, be restored, be encouraged, be in agreement, be at peace, and the God of love and peace will be with you. {{rf{12}}} Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the saints greet you. {{rf{13}}} The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with all of you. LENGTH SHORT {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Cor-13-10]] }}}
Stub
<<Bbl 2J 1:10 >> Compare <<Bbl 2The 3:6 >>.  
Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab. {{rf{2}}} Ahaziah had fallen through the lattice in his upper room, which was in Samaria, and he was injured. So he sent messengers, and he said to them, "Go, inquire of Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron, if I will survive this injury." {{rf{3}}} Then the angel of Yahweh spoke to Elijah the Tishbite, "Get up, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria and speak to them, 'Is it because there is no God in Israel that you are going to inquire of Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron?' {{rf{4}}} Therefore, thus says Yahweh, 'The bed upon which you have gone, you will not come down from it, but you shall surely die.'" So Elijah went. {{rf{5}}} When the messengers returned to him, he asked them, "Why have you returned?" {{rf{6}}} Then they said to him, "A man came up to meet us, and he said to us, 'Go, return to the king who sent you and speak to him, "Thus says Yahweh, 'Is it because there is no God in Israel that you are sending to inquire of Baal-Zebub the god of Ekron? Therefore the bed upon which you have gone, you will not come down from it, for you will surely die.'" '" {{rf{7}}} Then he spoke to them, "What was the manner of the man who came up to meet you and spoke to you all these things?" {{rf{8}}} They answered him, "A hairy man with a leather belt girded around his waist." And he said, "It is Elijah the Tishbite." {{rf{9}}} So Ahaziah sent to him the commander of fifty with his fifty men, and he went up to him while he was sitting on the top of the hill. He said to him, "O man of God, the king says, 'Come down.'" {{rf{10}}} Then Elijah answered and said to the commander of the fifty, "If I am a man of God, let fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty!" Then fire came down from heaven and consumed him and his fifty. {{rf{11}}} So he again sent another commander of fifty and his fifty men. He answered and said to him, "O man of God, thus says the king, 'Come down quickly!'" {{rf{12}}} Then Elijah answered and said to them, "If I am a man of God, then let fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty!" Then the fire of God came down from heaven and consumed him and his fifty. {{rf{13}}} So he again sent a third time a commander of fifty and his fifty, and the commander of the third fifty went up and came and knelt down on his knees before Elijah and entreated him. He said to him, "O man of God, please let my life and the lives of your servants, these fifty, be precious in your eyes. {{rf{14}}} Behold, fire from heaven came down and consumed the first two commanders of fifty and their fifties, so then let my life be precious in your eyes." {{rf{15}}} Then the angel of Yahweh spoke to Elijah, "Go down with him. Do not be afraid because of him." So he got up and went down with him to the king, {{rf{16}}} and he said to him, "Thus says Yahweh, 'Because you have sent messengers to inquire of Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron -- is it because there is no God in Israel from whom to inquire his word? -- therefore the bed upon which you went, you shall not come down from it, for you shall surely die.'" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-01-01]] }}}
2:9 According to some notes of mine, seven great miracles are recorded for the older, and fourteen for the one who asked a double portion.
2:12-13 Elisha rends his own, old clothing and takes up his mentor's garment.  This reminds us of the time he broke up the plow and sacrificed the oxen.

<<Bbl 2K 2:2 >>-25 -

<<Bbl 2K 2:16 abbr>>-18 Elisha faces his first leadership crisis when his proteges demand to form a search party in pursuit of Elijah.  To be sure, Elijah had been well known to appear spontaneously and surprisingly, sometimes where least expected (and this tendency was even fulfilled into the next era).  But one is struck by the refusal of the men to accept Elisha's decision and instead [[Shame]] him into action.  Elisha perhaps is learning that as a leader, just when you most desire support, you may have to give it instead.  And, that prophets don't always know what's right.  The prophets are learning that Elisha does know, and also that he's responsive even when pushing back.  I imagine in future episodes, Elisha need only to raise one eyebrow to summon the credulity of his fellows.
<<Bbl 2K 2:19 abbr >>ff	What a picture of salvation. Only God can cleanse the inner spring.

2:24    "All that is necessary is to admit that the worthless spirit which prevailed in Bethel was openly manifested in the ridicule of the children, and that these boys knew Elisha, and in his person insulted the prophet of the Lord."   --  C.F. Keil
    Note, too, that ''forty-two'' young men were killed.  It had to have been a mob (a flash-mob?).
	He had just come from making bitter waters sweet.
	The wrath of God is well encapsulated in this story.  
 {{rf{17}}} So he died, according to the word of Yahweh which Elijah had spoken, and Joram became king in his place in the second year of Joram the son of Jehoshaphat, the king of Judah, because he had no son. {{rf{18}}} The remainder of the acts of Ahaziah which he did, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel? {{rf big{1}}} When Yahweh was about to take Elijah up in the storm to heaven, Elijah and Elisha went from Gilgal. {{rf{2}}} Elijah said to Elisha, "Please stay here, for Yahweh has sent me up to Bethel." Elisha said, "As Yahweh lives and as your soul lives, I will certainly not leave you!" So they went down to Bethel. {{rf{3}}} Then the sons of the prophets who were in Bethel came out to Elisha, and they said to him, "Do you know that Yahweh is going to take your master from you today?" He said, "I also know; be quiet!" {{rf{4}}} Elijah said to him, "Elisha, please stay here because Yahweh has sent me to Jericho." And he said, "As Yahweh lives and as your soul lives, I will certainly not leave you!" So they came to Jericho. {{rf{5}}} Then the sons of the prophets who were in Jericho came near to Elisha, and they said to him, "Do you know that Yahweh is going to take your master from you today?" He said, "I also know; be quiet!" {{rf{6}}} Then Elijah said to him, "Please stay here, because Yahweh has sent me to the Jordan." He said, "As Yahweh lives and as your soul lives, I will certainly not leave you!" So the two of them went on. {{rf{7}}} Then fifty men from the sons of the prophets went and stood opposite them at a distance while the two of them stood by the Jordan. {{rf{8}}} Elijah took his cloak, rolled it up, and struck the water. It divided in two, and the two of them crossed over on dry land. {{rf{9}}} After they crossed over, Elijah said to Elisha, "Ask what I may do for you before I am taken away from you." Then Elisha said, "Please let there come to me a double portion of your spirit." {{rf{10}}} He said, "What you ask is difficult. If you see me being taken from you, it will be so for you, but if not, it will not happen." {{rf{11}}} Then they were walking, talking as they went. Suddenly a fiery chariot with horses of fire appeared and separated between the two of them. Elijah went up in the storm to the heavens {{rf{12}}} while Elisha was watching and crying out, "My father, my father; the chariot of Israel and its horsemen!" But he could not see him any longer, and he grasped his clothes and tore them in two pieces. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-01-17]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} Then he picked up Elijah's cloak that had fallen off of him, and he returned and stood on the bank of the Jordan. {{rf{14}}} He took Elijah's cloak that had fallen from upon him and struck the water. Then he said, "Where is Yahweh, the God of Elijah?" So he also struck the water, and it divided in two, and Elisha crossed over. {{rf{15}}} When the sons of the prophets who were at Jericho saw him from the other side, they declared, "The spirit of Elijah rests upon Elisha," and they came to meet him and bowed down to him to the ground. {{rf{16}}} Then they said to him, "Look, there are with your servants fifty able men. Please let them go and look for your master, lest the Spirit of Yahweh has lifted him up and thrown him on one of the mountains or into one of the valleys," but he said, "You must not send them." {{rf{17}}} But they urged him until embarrassing him, so he said, "Send them." So they sent fifty men, and they looked for three days, but they could not find him. {{rf{18}}} Then they returned to him while he was staying in Jericho. He said to them, "Did I not tell you not to go?" {{rf{19}}} The men of the city said to Elisha, "Please now, the location of the city is good, as my master can see, but the water is bad and the land unproductive." {{rf{20}}} So he said, "Bring me a new bowl and put salt in it." So they brought it to him. {{rf{21}}} Then he went out to the spring of waters and threw the salt into it there and said, "Thus says Yahweh, 'I hereby purify these waters; let there be no longer any death or unproductiveness from it.'" {{rf{22}}} Then the waters were purified until this very day according to the word of Elisha that he spoke. {{rf{23}}} Then he went up from there to Bethel; as he was going up along the way, young boys came out from the city and mocked at him and said to him, "Go up, baldhead; go up, baldhead!" {{rf{24}}} When he turned around and saw them, he cursed them in the name of Yahweh. Then two bears came out of the forest and mauled forty-two boys among them. {{rf{25}}} Then he went from there to Mount Carmel and from there he returned to Samaria. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-02-13]] }}}
Now Joram the son of Ahab had become king over Israel in Samaria in the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah. He reigned twelve years {{rf{2}}} and did evil in the eyes of Yahweh, yet not as his father or his mother, as he removed the stone pillars of Baal that his father had made. {{rf{3}}} But he did cling to the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat who caused Israel to sin, and he did not depart from it. {{rf{4}}} Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheep breeder, and he used to deliver to the king of Israel a hundred thousand male lambs and a hundred thousand wool rams. {{rf{5}}} It happened that when Ahab died, Mesha king of Moab rebelled against the king of Israel. {{rf{6}}} So King Joram went out on that day from Samaria, and he mustered all of Israel. {{rf{7}}} He went and sent a message to Jehoshaphat king of Judah, saying, "The king of Moab has rebelled against me. Will you go with me against Moab for the battle?" And he said, "I will go up. I am like you; my people are like your people; my horses are like your horses." {{rf{8}}} Then he said, "Which way shall we go up?" And he answered, "By way of the wilderness of Edom." {{rf{9}}} So the king of Israel and the king of Judah and the king of Edom went around, a way of seven days, but there was no water for the army or for the animals which were with them. {{rf{10}}} Then the king of Israel said, "Aha, Yahweh has called for these three kings to give them into the hand of Moab." {{rf{11}}} Then Jehoshaphat asked, "Is there no prophet of Yahweh here that we might inquire guidance from Yahweh?" One of the servants of the king of Israel answered and said, "Elisha the son of Shaphat is here, who poured water on the hands of Elijah." {{rf{12}}} Jehoshaphat said, "The word of Yahweh is with him." So the king of Israel, Jehoshaphat, and the king of Edom went down to him. {{rf{13}}} Then Elisha said to the king of Israel, "What do we have in common? Go to the prophets of your father and to the prophets of your mother." Then the king of Israel said to him, "No, for Yahweh has called for these three kings to give them into the hand of Moab." {{rf{14}}} Then Elisha said, "As Yahweh of hosts lives, before whom I stand, surely if I was not regarding the face of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, I would have not looked at you nor even glanced at you. {{rf{15}}} But now, bring me a musician." It happened that at the moment the musician played, the hand of Yahweh came upon him. {{rf{16}}} He said, "Thus says Yahweh, 'Make this wadi full of cisterns,' {{rf{17}}} for thus says Yahweh, 'You will see neither wind nor rain, yet this wadi will be full of water; and you and all of your livestock and your animals shall drink.' {{rf{18}}} And since this is too trivial in the eyes of Yahweh, he will also give Moab into your hand, {{rf{19}}} and you shall defeat every fortified city, every choice city, and you shall fell every good tree. All of the springs of water you shall stop up, and every tract of good land you shall ruin with the stones." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-03-01]] }}}
3:4	You have to stop and wonder at the idea of Israel jobbing out their wool production!

4:1	A godly man... yet a debtor, and a big-time one.  Shall we infer that this disproves the false-prosperous religion?  Or is it more that this man followed God and neglected his trade?  Could the woman's plaint have a touch of blame-casting?  
4:2	//a little oil// -- it could be very little indeed, when one considers how hard it is to fully empty and oil jar.  But I think better to presume it was a minimal working amount.  Reminds one of the boy with loaves and fishes.  
4:3	Can be likened to spiritual capacities.  
4:5 	Implication that the woman was pouring continuously and perhaps that any cessation meant the end of the miracle. 
---- 
<<Bbl 2K 4:8 abbr>>-10  The godliness of the Shunnamite woman has made her renowned, even if (like Samson's mother) we don't know her name.
4:9 Spiritual discernment.
4:10    Her request has both initiative and respect, and her husband respects her  --  even though she is barren.  His blessing on her request will result in a child for both of them!  (Possible to present or explore the narrative from the husband's perspective.)
4:14    //Her husband is old// is not mentioned to explain her childlessness, because the procreative power of the male is not much limited by age; rather Gehazi is stating that the provision for her life, found for a woman of that time first in her husband and afterwards in her offspring, is soon to disappear.
{{holyquote{
So he called her, and she stood in the doorway.
}}}
Structure is subtly provided by the image of the door.
<<Bbl 2K 4:10 abbr>>-15    The important door is part of this room -- verse 15.  He rests on the provided bed, then calls her to pursue the blessing.  
<<Bbl 2K 4:21 abbr>>  //She went up and laid him on the ''bed'' of the man of God, then ''shut the door'' and went out.//
<<Bbl 2K 4:33 abbr>>-37  //He went in, ''shut the door'' on the two of them and prayed to the LORD.  Then he got on the ''bed'' ...  When she came, he said, "Take your son."  She ''came in'', fell at his feet and bowed to the ground. Then she took her son and went out.//
The door is implied in the woman's actions.  She is in the precise spot the original promise given.  //The last time I was here...// (Bryan Duncan)

This woman's life is in effect saved four times by Elisha:
# He gives her the provision of a son.
# The son dies, so he brings him back to life.
# A famine strikes, so Elisha directs her to another region ahead of the time.
# On her return to Israel, her entitlement to her own land is in great jeopardy (note this entitlement was dependent on her son) -- but because Gehazi is at that moment recounting her story to the king, the situation is immediately resolved in her favor.  Elisha is not even still alive for the last of these deliverances!
 {{rf{20}}} It happened in the morning about the time of the morning offering, that water was suddenly coming from the direction of Edom and the land was filled with water. {{rf{21}}} Now all of Moab had heard that the kings had come up to fight against them, and all who were fighting age and up were called up, and they stood at the border. {{rf{22}}} When they arose early in the morning, the sun shone on the waters, and Moab saw the waters from the opposite side as red as blood. {{rf{23}}} Then they said, "This is blood! Certainly the kings have fought one another, and each has killed his neighbor. Now, to the war booty, O Moab!" {{rf{24}}} But when they came to the camp of Israel, Israel stood up and killed Moab, so that they fled from before them. They came at her and defeated Moab. {{rf{25}}} The cities they tore down, on every good tract of land they threw stones until it was filled up, every spring of water they stopped up, and every good tree they felled. They let the stone walls at Kir Hareseth remain, but the slingers surrounded and attacked it. {{rf{26}}} When the king of Moab saw that the battle was too heavy for him, he took with him seven hundred men who drew the sword to break through to the king of Edom, but they were not able. {{rf{27}}} He took his firstborn son who was to become king in his place and offered him as a burnt offering on the wall. Great wrath came upon Israel, and they withdrew from him and returned to the land. {{rf big{1}}} A certain woman from the wives of the sons of the prophets cried out to Elisha, saying, "Your servant my husband is dead. Now you know that your servant was a fearer of Yahweh, but the creditor came to take two of my children for himself as slaves. {{rf{2}}} Elisha asked her, "What shall I do for you? Tell me, what do you have in the house?" Then she said, "Your servant has nothing in the house except a jar of olive oil." {{rf{3}}} Then he said to her, "Go, ask for yourself some containers from the streets, from all your neighbors. You must collect as many empty containers as you can! {{rf{4}}} You must also go and shut the door behind you and your children, and you must pour out oil into all of these containers and set the filled ones aside." {{rf{5}}} So she went from him, and she shut the door behind her and her children. They were bringing containers to her, and she kept pouring. {{rf{6}}} It happened that when the containers were full, she said to her son, "Bring near me another container," but he said to her, "There is not another container." Then the olive oil stopped flowing. {{rf{7}}} So she came and told the man of God, and he said, "Go, sell the olive oil and repay your debt. You and your sons can live on what is left over." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-03-20]] }}}
 {{rf{8}}} It happened one day that Elisha passed through to Shunem where there was a wealthy woman, and she urged him to eat bread; so it happened each time he passed through, he would stop there to eat. {{rf{9}}} She said to her husband, "Please now, I know that he is a holy man of God who is passing our way regularly; {{rf{10}}} let us make a small enclosed room upstairs and put a bed, table, chair, and lampstand there for him, so that when he comes to us, he can turn and stay there. {{rf{11}}} One day it happened that he came there and went to the upper room and lay down there. {{rf{12}}} He said to Gehazi his servant, "Call to this Shunammite," so he called to her, and she stood before him. {{rf{13}}} He said to him, "Please say to her, 'Look, you took all this trouble, showing care for us; what is there for me to do for you? To speak for you to the king or to the commander of the army?'" She said, "I am living among my people." {{rf{14}}} Then he said, "What may be done for her?" Gehazi said, "Well, she has no son, and her husband is old." {{rf{15}}} And he said, "Call for her," so he called for her and she stood in the doorway. {{rf{16}}} And he said, "At this time next spring, you will be embracing a son." She said, "No, my lord, O man of God! You must not tell a lie to your servant!" {{rf{17}}} But the woman conceived, and she bore a son in the spring, which Elisha had promised to her. {{rf{18}}} The child grew older, and it happened one day that he went out to his father and to the reapers. {{rf{19}}} Then he said to his father, "My head, my head!" So he said to the servant, "Carry him to his mother." {{rf{20}}} So they carried him and brought him to his mother; he sat on her lap until noon and then died. {{rf{21}}} She went up, laid him on the bed of the man of God, closed the door, and went out behind it. {{rf{22}}} She called to her husband and said, "Please send one of the servants and one of the female donkeys for me, so that I can go quickly up to the man of God and return." {{rf{23}}} And he said, "Why are you going to him today? It is neither the new moon nor the Sabbath!" And she said, "Peace." {{rf{24}}} She saddled the female donkey, and she said to her servant, "Drive along and go; you must not hold me back from riding, unless I tell you." {{rf{25}}} So she went and came to the man of God by Mount Carmel. It happened when the man of God saw her at a distance, he said to Gehazi his servant, "There is this Shunammite. {{rf{26}}} Now, please run to meet her and ask her, 'Is it peace for you? Is it peace for your husband? Is it peace for the boy?'" She said, "Peace." {{rf{27}}} So she came to the man of God at the mountain, and she caught hold of his feet. Then Gehazi came near to push her away, but the man of God said, "Let her alone, for her soul is bitter, and Yahweh has hidden it from me and has not told me." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-04-08]] }}}
 {{rf{28}}} Then she said, "Did I ask for a son from my lord? Did I not say that you must not mislead me?" {{rf{29}}} Then he said to Gehazi, "Gird up your loins and take my staff in your hand and go. If you meet anyone, you must not greet them; if anyone greets you, you must not answer them. You must put my staff on the face of the boy." {{rf{30}}} Then the mother of the boy said, "As Yahweh lives and as your soul lives, I will surely not leave you." So he got up and went after her. {{rf{31}}} Gehazi crossed over before them, and he put the staff on the face of the boy; but there was no sound, and there was no sign of life, so he returned to meet him. He told him, saying, "The boy did not wake up." {{rf{32}}} When Elisha came to the house, here was the boy dead, lying on his bed. {{rf{33}}} He went and closed the door behind the two of them and prayed to Yahweh. {{rf{34}}} Then he went up and lay upon the child and put his mouth on his mouth, his eyes on his eyes, and his palms on his palms. As he bent down over him, the flesh of the boy became warm. {{rf{35}}} He returned and went to and fro in the house one time, then he went up and bent over him. Then the boy sneezed seven times and opened his eyes. {{rf{36}}} Elisha called to Gehazi and said, "Call this Shunammite." So he called her and she came to him; then he said, "Pick up your son." {{rf{37}}} She came and fell at his feet and bowed down to the ground; then she picked up her son and went out. {{rf{38}}} So Elisha returned to Gilgal. Now the famine was in the land, and the sons of the prophets were sitting before him. He said to his servant, put on the large pot and cook a stew for the sons of the prophets. {{rf{39}}} One went out to the field to gather herbs, and he found a wild vine and gathered wild gourds from it and filled his cloak. Then he came and cut them into the pot of stew, but they did not know what they were. {{rf{40}}} They served the men to eat, but when they ate from the stew, they cried out and said, "There is death in the pot, O man of God!" They were not able to eat it. {{rf{41}}} Then he said, "Bring some flour," and he threw it into the pot. He then said, "Serve the people and let them eat." There was nothing harmful in the pot. {{rf{42}}} A man came from Baal-Shalishah and brought food to the man of God: firstfruits and twenty loaves of barley bread, with ripe grain in his sack. He said, "Give it to the people and let them eat." {{rf{43}}} Then his servant said, "How can I set this before a hundred men?" He said, "Give it to the people and let them eat, for thus Yahweh says, 'They shall eat and have some left over.'" {{rf{44}}} So he set it before them, and they ate and had some left over, according to the word of Yahweh. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-04-28]] }}}
Now Naaman was the commander of the army of the king of Aram. He was a great man before his master and highly regarded, for by him Yahweh had given victory to Aram. Now the man was a mighty warrior, but he was afflicted with a skin disease. {{rf{2}}} When the Arameans went on a raid, they brought back a young girl from the land of Israel, and she came into the service of the wife of Naaman. {{rf{3}}} She said to her mistress, "If only my lord would come before the prophet who is in Samaria; then he would cure his skin disease." {{rf{4}}} He came and told his master, saying, "Thus and so the girl who is from the land of Israel said." {{rf{5}}} So the king of Aram said, "Go, I will send a letter to the king of Israel." He went and took with him ten talents of silver, six thousand shekels of gold, and ten sets of clothing. {{rf{6}}} So he brought the letter of the king to Israel, saying, "Now, when this letter comes to you, I have just sent Naaman my servant to you that you may cure him from his skin disease." {{rf{7}}} It happened that when the king of Israel read the letter, he tore his clothes and said, "Am I God to cause death or to give life? This man is sending a man to me to cure his disease. Indeed! But know and see that he seeks an opportunity against me." {{rf{8}}} It happened that as soon as Elisha the man of God heard that the king of Israel had torn his clothes, he sent to the king, saying, "Why did you tear your clothes? Please may he come to me, that he might know that there is a prophet in Israel." {{rf{9}}} Then Naaman came with his horses and his chariots, and he stopped at the doorway of the house of Elisha. {{rf{10}}} Elisha sent a messenger to him, saying, "Go, you must wash seven times in the Jordan, then your flesh shall return to you, and you shall be clean." {{rf{11}}} But Naaman became angry and he went and said, "Look, I said to myself, 'Surely he will come out, stand, call upon the name of Yahweh his God, and wave his hands over the spot; then he would take away the skin disease.' {{rf{12}}} Are not the Abana and the Pharpar, the rivers of Damascus, better than all of the waters of Israel? Could I not wash in them that I may be clean?" Then he turned and left in anger. {{rf{13}}} But his servants came near and spoke to him and said, "My father, if the prophet had spoken a difficult thing to you to do, would you not have done it? Why not even when he says to you, 'Wash and you shall be clean'?" {{rf{14}}} So he went down and plunged into the Jordan seven times, according to the word of the man of God, and his flesh returned as the flesh of a small boy, and he was clean. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-05-01]] }}}
<<Bbl 2K 5:3 abbr>>    What a blessed little girl!  Naaman was prolly up all night weighing that girl's advice.

<<Bbl 2K 5:7 abbr>>    the King of Israel assumes the worst launches a tirade and intimates the prospect of war.  It is a rich illustration of "fix it" thinking.  His first statement carries a sense of affront that is based in inadequacy -- //Am I God?//  His second statement brings the offense into full belligerence, just as we may easily do when we fail to call upon God when faced with an insurmountable need.  Elisha intervenes; his answer is God's answer to us in that circumstance. 
5:9	A doorway - again this image in connection with Elisha.  
<<Bbl 2K 5:11 abbr>>   Now it is Naaman who is in danger of wrecking everything through misplaced anger.  [[War]]
<<Bbl 2K 5:13 abbr>>   It is the little people who are holding together history -- the little girl at the beginning, and Naaman's servants, who implore him -- //If he has assigned you some herculean task, you would have played the hero.  So why not just dip in the Jordan, a small thing?//  Then too, if he disobeyed the prophet, it was at the peril of his commission.

[[Gehazi]]

<<Bbl 2K 5:18 abbr>>-19 [[Deceive]] as godliness

I imagine Naaman presenting himself again to his king.  The king embraces hum, kisses him, and says with astonished laughter, //Naaman, you're softer than a baby's butt!//  In extreme joy and with humor, they bring up the princess with her infant son and compare the lad's buttocks with Naaman's cheek.  Then the king asks, and what were you charged for this miracle, this rejuvenation?  The answer, by Elisha's dictate, should have been //Nothing at all!// -- but with Gehazi's meddling, it is reduced to a somewhat less stunning answer.

<<Bbl 2K 6:21 abbr>>-23 How like the disciple Peter.

<<Bbl 2K 7:17 abbr>>-20 Perhaps he resisted the crowd.  

<<Bbl 2K 9:1 abbr >>ff	and chapter 10.  The //bloodshed of Jezreel// is condemned in <<Bbl Hosea 1:4 >>.  Jehu's massacres went past God's directives.  Bright p 54ff. 
<<Bbl 2K 9:21-26 abbr >>	<<Bbl 1K 21:19 >>

<<Bbl 2K 12:4 abbr>>ff is rich (so to speak) in details about money -- vss 4 specifies //use of the current valuation,// vs 12 suggests line-item designation, vs 10 recounts the recounting procedure, and so on.

<<Bbl 2K 14:25 >>	[[Jonah]]

<<Bbl 2K 15:5 abbr>>	See <<Bbl I 7:1>>
<<Bbl 2K 15:19 abbr >>	This is corroborated by Assyrian record. 
<<Bbl 2K 15:27 abbr >>	Bright explains that //20 years// must be an error. 

<<Bbl 2K 16:1 abbr >>ff	Bright summarizes chapters 16 through 19, p 78ff. @@color:brown;... It was at this time of high courage and brute agony - when any hope at all might seem to be a luxury beyond affording - that the Old Testament hope of the messianic Kingdom was was given both its most eloquent expression and its definitive form.@@
<<Bbl 2K 16:10 abbr>>-18	A display of usurpation and selfish appropriation that is deeply revolting.

<<Bbl 2K 18:17 abbr>>-35	The nature of the speech, its delivery to everyone in familiar language, with familiar theology, with its ultimate threats and mocking.  But note Hezekiah's wise instruction to his people (and their obedience) -- //Do not answer him.//  And there follows Hezekiah's intercession.  In prayer, they use the very cruelty as an argument for God's rescue in <<Bbl 2K 19:4>>.

<<Bbl 2K 20:12 abbr >>ff	It seems he displayed his pearls to swine. I am not sure it is made explicit that he sinned. But he did not do as Solomon, making wisdom the main glory.  See [[Witness]] for comparison.

<<Bbl 2K 21:13 abbr>>	//I will make you squeaky-clean!// -- as befits a precious vessel.

<<Bbl 2K 22:1 abbr>>	Good King Josiah had once been dedicated to the idol, according to Mannasseh's practice (<<Bbl 2K 21:6 abbr>>) which was followed by his son Anon (<<Bbl 2K 21:20 abbr>>)
 {{rf{15}}} When he returned to the man of God, he and all of his army, he came and stood before him and said, "Please now, I know that there is no God in all of the world except in Israel. So then, please take a gift from your servant." {{rf{16}}} And he said, "As Yahweh lives, before whom I stand, I surely will not take it." Still he urged him to take it, but he refused. {{rf{17}}} Then Naaman said, "If not, then please let a load of soil on a pair of mules be given to your servants, for your servant will never again bring a burnt offering and sacrifice to other gods, but only to Yahweh. {{rf{18}}} As far as this matter, may Yahweh pardon your servant when my master goes into the house of Rimmon to worship there, and he is leaning himself on my arm, that I also bow down in the house of Rimmon: when I bow down in the house of Rimmon, may Yahweh please pardon your servant in this matter." {{rf{19}}} He said to him, "Go in peace," so he went from him a short distance. {{rf{20}}} But Gehazi the servant of Elisha, the man of God, thought, "Look, my master has refrained from taking what this Aramean Naaman brought from his hand. As Yahweh lives, I will certainly run after him, and I will accept something from him." {{rf{21}}} So Gehazi pursued after Naaman. When Naaman saw someone running after him, he jumped off his chariot to meet him and asked him, "Is it peace?" {{rf{22}}} He said, "Peace. My master has sent me saying, 'Look, just now two servants from the hill country of Ephraim came to me, from the sons of the prophets. Please give them a talent of silver and two sets of clothing.'" {{rf{23}}} Then Naaman said, "Be prepared to accept two talents." So he urged him and tied up two talents of silver in two bags, with two sets of clothing and gave it to two of his servants and they carried it before him. {{rf{24}}} When he came to the citadel, he took them from their hand and put them in the house, then sent away the men so that they went. {{rf{25}}} When he went and stood by his master, Elisha asked him, "From where have you come, Gehazi?" And he said, "Your servant has not gone anywhere." {{rf{26}}} Then he said to him, "Did not my heart go with you as the man turned from on his chariot to meet you? Is it time to take silver, clothes, olive orchards, vineyards, sheep, oxen, male slaves, and female slaves? {{rf{27}}} The skin disease of Naaman shall cling to you and to your offspring forever." Then he went out from before him having a skin disease like the snow. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-05-15]] }}}
Then the sons of the prophets said to Elisha, "Please look; the place where we are living before you is too cramped for us. {{rf{2}}} Let us please go to the Jordan and each bring from there one log that we might make a place there for us to live." Then he said, "Do so." {{rf{3}}} Then a certain one said, "Please be prepared and go with your servants," and he said, "I will go." {{rf{4}}} He went with them, and they went to the Jordan, and they cut down the trees. {{rf{5}}} It happened as the one was felling the log, that the iron ax fell into the water. He called out and said, "Oh, no! My master, it was borrowed!" {{rf{6}}} Then the man of God said, "Where did it fall?" So he showed him the place, and then he cut off a stick and threw it there and made the iron ax float. {{rf{7}}} Then he said, "Pick it up for yourself," so he stretched out his hand and took it. {{rf{8}}} The king of Aram was fighting with Israel, so he consulted with his officers, saying, "My camp is at such and such a place." {{rf{9}}} Then the man of God sent to the king of Israel, saying, "Take care while crossing over to this place, because the Arameans are descending there." {{rf{10}}} So the king of Israel sent to the place which the man of God said to him and warned him, so he was on guard there continually. {{rf{11}}} Then the heart of the king of Aram was stormy because of this matter, so he called his servants and said to them, "Can you not tell me who among us sides with the king of Israel?" {{rf{12}}} Then one of his servants said, "No, my lord the king, but Elisha the prophet who is in Israel tells the king of Israel things which you speak in your own bedchamber." {{rf{13}}} Then he said, "Go and see where he is so that I can send and capture him." Then he was told to him, "Look, he is in Dothan." {{rf{14}}} So he sent horses, chariots, and an oppressing army there. They arrived at night and surrounded the town. {{rf{15}}} The attendant of the man of God arose early and went out, and look, the army was surrounding the city with horses and chariots. His servant said to him, "Oh no, my master! What shall we do?" {{rf{16}}} And he said, "Don't be afraid, for more are with us than are with them." {{rf{17}}} Then Elisha prayed and said, "O Yahweh, please open his eyes that he may see," and Yahweh opened the eyes of the servant, and he saw, and look, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha. {{rf{18}}} They came down to him, and Elisha prayed to Yahweh and said, "Please strike this people with blindness," so he struck them with blindness as Elisha had spoken. {{rf{19}}} Then Elisha said to them, "This is not the way and this is not the city. Come after me, and I will bring you to the man whom you seek." Then he brought them to Samaria. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-06-01]] }}}
 {{rf{20}}} It happened at the moment they came to Samaria, Elisha said, "O Yahweh, open the eyes of these that they may see," so Yahweh opened their eyes, and they saw, and look, the middle of Samaria! {{rf{21}}} Then the king of Israel said to Elisha when he saw them, "Shall I kill them? Shall I kill, my father?" {{rf{22}}} And he said, "You shall not kill. Would you kill those whom you took captive with the sword or with the bow? Put food and water before them that they may eat and drink and then go to their master." {{rf{23}}} So he made a great feast for them, and they ate and drank; then he sent them, and they went to their master. And the bands of the Arameans did not come again into the land of Israel. {{rf{24}}} It happened after this that Ben-Hadad king of Aram assembled all of his army and marched up and laid siege against Samaria. {{rf{25}}} There was a great famine in Samaria, and behold, a siege was against it, until the head of a donkey went for eighty shekels of silver, and one fourth of the measure of the dung of doves went for five shekels of silver. {{rf{26}}} It happened that the king of Israel was crossing over on the wall, and a woman called out to him, saying, "Help, my lord the king!" {{rf{27}}} He said, "No, let Yahweh help you. How can I save you? From the threshing floor or from the wine press?" {{rf{28}}} The king said to her, "What is the problem?" Then the woman said, "This woman said to me, 'Give me your son, and let us eat him today, then tomorrow we will eat my son.' {{rf{29}}} So we cooked my son and ate him, and I said to her the next day, 'Give your son that we may eat him.' But she had hidden her son." {{rf{30}}} It happened that when the king heard the words of the woman, he tore his clothes. Now he had been walking on the wall, and the people saw, and behold, sackcloth was over his flesh underneath. {{rf{31}}} Then he said, "May God do to me and thus may he add, if the head of Elisha the son of Shaphat remains on him today!" {{rf{32}}} Now Elisha was sitting in his house and the elders were sitting with him, and the king dispatched a man from before him, but before the messenger came to him, he said to the elders, "Did you see that this son of a murderer has sent to remove my head? Look, when the messenger comes, close the door; and you must hold the door closed against him. Is not the sound of the feet of his master behind him?" {{rf{33}}} While he was still speaking with them, suddenly the messenger was coming down to him, and he said, "Look this trouble is from Yahweh. Why should I wait for Yahweh any longer?" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-06-20]] }}}
Elisha said, "Hear the word of Yahweh: 'Thus says Yahweh, "At this time tomorrow a seah of wheat bread flour will sell for a shekel, and two seahs of barley for a shekel in the gate of Samaria.'" {{rf{2}}} Then the officer on whom the king relied answered the man of God and said, "Look, even if Yahweh is making windows in heaven, could this thing happen?" And he said, "Look, you will be seeing it with your eyes, but you shall not eat from it there." {{rf{3}}} Now four men who had a skin disease were at the entrance of the gate, and they said to each other, "Why are we sitting here until we die? {{rf{4}}} If we say, 'Let us go into the city,' the famine is in the city, and we shall die there; but if we sit here, we shall die. So then, come, let us fall into the camp of the Arameans. If they let us live, we shall live; but if they kill us, then we shall die." {{rf{5}}} So they got up at dusk to go to the camp of the Arameans. They went up to the edge of the camp of the Arameans, and look, there was no man there! {{rf{6}}} Now the Lord had caused the camp of the Arameans to hear the sound of chariots, the sound of horses, and the sound of a great army. So they said to one another, "Look, the king of Israel has hired the kings of the Hittites and the kings of Egypt to come against us!" {{rf{7}}} So they got up and fled at dusk and left their tents, their horses, their donkeys, and the camp as it was, and they fled for their lives. {{rf{8}}} When these who had the skin disease came to the edge of the camp, they went into a certain tent and they ate, drank, and took from there silver and gold and clothes. Then they went and hid them, then returned and came to another tent, and they took from there and went and hid them. {{rf{9}}} Then they said to one another, "We are not doing right. This day is a day of good news! If we are silent and wait until the light of morning, they will find us and we will be punished. So then, come, let us go and tell the house of the king." {{rf{10}}} When they came, they called to the gatekeepers of the city and told them, saying, "We came to the camp of the Arameans, and behold, there was no man or the voice of a man there! Only the horses and the donkeys were tied up, and the tents were left as they were." {{rf{11}}} Then the gatekeepers called and told it inside the house of the king. {{rf{12}}} The king got up in the night and said to his servants, "Please let me tell you what the Arameans have done to us. The Arameans know that we are hungry, so they went out from the camp to hide in the field, saying, 'When they go out from the city, we shall seize them alive and go into the city.'" {{rf{13}}} Then one of his servants replied and said, "Please let them take five of the remaining horses which remain in the city; behold, they are like all of the multitude of Israel that remain in it; they are like all the multitude of Israel who have perished. Let us send and see." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-07-01]] }}}
 {{rf{14}}} So he took two charioteer horsemen, and the king sent after the camp of the Arameans, saying, "Go, find out," {{rf{15}}} and they went after them to the Jordan. Look, all of the way was littered with clothes and equipment which the Arameans had thrown away in their haste. Then the messengers returned and told the king. {{rf{16}}} So the people went out and plundered the camp of the Arameans. A seah of wheat flour went for a shekel and two seahs of barley went for a shekel according to the word of Yahweh. {{rf{17}}} Then the king appointed the officer he was depending on over the gate, but the people trampled him and he died, according to that which the man of God had said which he spoke when the king came down to him. {{rf{18}}} It happened as the man of God spoke to the king, saying, "Two seahs of barley shall be sold for a shekel and a seah of wheat flour for a shekel at this time tomorrow in the gate of Samaria." {{rf{19}}} Then the officer had replied to the man of God and said, "Look, even if Yahweh is opening the windows in heaven, could this thing happen?" And he had said, "Look you are about to see it with your eyes, but you will not eat from it." {{rf{20}}} So it had happened to him; the people trampled him in the gate and he died. {{rf big{1}}} Elisha spoke to the woman whose son he had restored to life, saying, "Get up and go, you and your household, and dwell as an alien wherever you can, for Yahweh has called for a famine, and it will come to the land for seven years." {{rf{2}}} So the woman got up and did according to the word of the man of God. She and her household went and dwelt as an alien in the land of the Philistines for seven years. {{rf{3}}} It happened at the end of seven years that the woman returned from the land of the Philistines and went out to appeal to the king for her household and for her properties. {{rf{4}}} Now the king was speaking to Gehazi the servant of the man of God, saying, "Please tell me all of the great things which Elisha has done." {{rf{5}}} It happened that as he was telling the king how he had restored the dead to life, suddenly the woman whose son he had restored to life was crying out to the king about her household and about her field. Then Gehazi said, "My lord the king, this is the woman and this is her son whom Elisha restored to life!" {{rf{6}}} So the king asked the woman, and she told him. So the king appointed for her a certain court official, saying, "Restore all that is hers and all the yield of the field from the day she left the land up to now." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-07-14]] }}}
 {{rf{7}}} Elisha came to Damascus. Now Ben-Hadad king of Aram was ill, and he was told, "The man of God has come up here." {{rf{8}}} Then the king said to Hazael, "Take a gift in your hand and go meet the man of God. Inquire of Yahweh from him, saying, 'Shall I recover from this illness?'" {{rf{9}}} So Hazael went to meet him and took a gift in his hand of all of the good things of Damascus, a load on each of forty camels, and he came and stood before him. Then he said, "Your son Ben-Hadad king of Aram has sent me to you, saying, 'Shall I recover from this illness?'" {{rf{10}}} Elisha said to him, "Go; say to him, 'You shall certainly recover,' but Yahweh has shown me that he certainly will die." {{rf{11}}} Then the man fixed his gaze and stared at him until he was ashamed and the man of God cried. {{rf{12}}} Then Hazael asked, "Why is my lord crying?" He said, "Because I know what evil you will do to the Israelites. You will set their fortifications on fire, and you will kill their young men with the sword. Their little ones you will dash to pieces, and their pregnant women you will rip open!" {{rf{13}}} Then Hazael said, "But how could your servant, who is like a dog, do this great thing?" Elisha said, "Yahweh has shown me that you are to be king over Aram." {{rf{14}}} So he departed from Elisha and came to his master. He asked him, "What did Elisha say to you." So he said, "He said to me that you will certainly recover." {{rf{15}}} On the next day, he took the bed cover, dipped it in the water, and spread it over his face so that he died. Then Hazael became king in his place. {{rf{16}}} Now in the fifth year of Joram son of Ahab, king of Israel, and Jehoshaphat king of Judah, Joram son of Jehoshaphat became the king of Judah. {{rf{17}}} He was thirty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem. {{rf{18}}} He walked in the way of the kings of Israel as the house of Ahab had done, for the daughter of Ahab became his wife, and he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh. {{rf{19}}} Yet Yahweh was not willing to destroy Judah, for the sake of David his servant, as he had promised to give him a lamp for his sons always. {{rf{20}}} In his days, Edom rebelled against the rule of Judah, and they set up a king over them. {{rf{21}}} So Joram crossed over to Zair and all the chariots with him. It happened that he arose by night and attacked Edom who had surrounded him and the commanders of the chariots; but the army fled to their tents. {{rf{22}}} So Edom has rebelled against the rule of Judah until this day; then Libnah also rebelled at that time. {{rf{23}}} The remainder of the acts of Joram and all that he did, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-08-07]] }}}
 {{rf{24}}} So Joram slept with his ancestors, and he was buried with his ancestors in the city of David, and Ahaziah his son became king in place of him. {{rf{25}}} In the twelfth year of Joram the son of Ahab, king of Israel, Ahaziah the son of Joram became king of Judah. {{rf{26}}} Ahaziah was twenty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Athaliah daughter of Omri, king of Israel. {{rf{27}}} He walked in the way of the house of Ahab and did evil in the eyes of Yahweh, as the house of Ahab; for he was the son-in-law of the house of Ahab. {{rf{28}}} He went with Joram the son of Ahab for the battle against Hazael king of Aram at Ramoth-Gilead, and the Arameans wounded Joram. {{rf{29}}} Joram the king returned to Jezreel to heal from the wounds which the Arameans had inflicted at Ramah when Hazael king of Aram fought him. Ahaziah the son of Joram, king of Judah, went down to see Joram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, for he was ill. {{rf big{1}}} Now Elisha the prophet called for one of the sons of the prophets, and he said to him, "Gird your loins, and take this flask of olive oil in your hand, and go to Ramoth-Gilead. {{rf{2}}} Go there and look there for Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi. Go, for you must cause him to arise from among his brothers, and you must bring him into an inner room. {{rf{3}}} You must take the flask of olive oil and pour it out on his head. You must say, 'Thus says Yahweh, "I hereby anoint you as king over Israel." ' Then you must open the door and flee; do not linger!" {{rf{4}}} So the young man, servant of the prophet, went to Ramoth-Gilead. {{rf{5}}} He came, and look, the commanders of the army were sitting there. He said, "I have a word for you, O commander!" Jehu said, "For whom? For all of us?" And he said, "For you, O commander!" {{rf{6}}} He got up and went to the house, and poured the olive oil on his head and said to him, "Thus says Yahweh, the God of Israel: 'I hereby anoint you as king over the people of Yahweh, over Israel. {{rf{7}}} You will destroy the house of Ahab your master, and you will avenge the blood of my servants the prophets and the blood of all of the servants of Yahweh, from the hand of Jezebel. {{rf{8}}} All of the house of Ahab will perish, and I shall cut off all males from Ahab, both bond and free. {{rf{9}}} I will make the house of Ahab like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah. {{rf{10}}} The dogs will eat Jezebel in the territory of Jezreel, and there shall not be anyone to bury her.'" Then he opened the door and fled. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-08-24]] }}}
 {{rf{11}}} Then Jehu came out to the officers of his master, and they said to him, "Peace? Why did this madman come to you?" And he said to them, "You know the man and his foolish talk." {{rf{12}}} Then they said, "Liar. Please tell us." He said, "Thus and so he said to me, saying, 'Thus says Yahweh, "I hereby anoint you as king over Israel." '" {{rf{13}}} So they hastened each one to take his cloak, and they spread them under him on the bare steps, blew on the trumpet, and said, "Jehu is king!" {{rf{14}}} So Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi conspired against Joram. Now Joram was keeping guard in Ramoth-Gilead, he and all of Israel, because of the threat of Hazael king of Aram. {{rf{15}}} But Joram the king had returned to heal in Jezreel from the wound which the Arameans had inflicted on him when he fought with Hazael king of Aram. Jehu said, "If this is what you want, do not let him go out as a fugitive from the city to go to make it known in Jezreel." {{rf{16}}} Jehu mounted his chariot and went to Jezreel, for Joram was lying there, and Ahaziah king of Judah had gone down to visit Joram. {{rf{17}}} Now the watchman was standing on the tower in Jezreel, and he saw the company of Jehu when he came, and he said, "I see a company." Joram said, "Take a horseman and send him to meet them." And he said, "Is it peace?" {{rf{18}}} So the rider of the horse went out to meet him, and he said, "Thus the king asks, 'Is it peace?'" Then Jehu said, "What do you have to do with peace? Turn after me." Then the watchman reported, saying, "The messenger went up to them, but he did not return." {{rf{19}}} Then he sent out a second horseman, and he came to them and said, "Thus the king asks, 'Is it peace?'" Then Jehu said, "What do you have to do with peace? Turn after me." {{rf{20}}} So the sentinel reported, saying, "He went up to them, but he did not return, and the driving is like the driving of Jehu the son of Nimshi, for he drives with madness." {{rf{21}}} Then Joram said, "Get ready," so he got his chariot ready. Joram king of Israel went out, and Ahaziah king of Judah, each with his chariot. They went out to meet Jehu, and they found him at the tract of land of Naboth the Jezreelite. {{rf{22}}} When Joram saw Jehu, he asked, "Is it peace?" And he said, "What peace is there while the prostitutions of your mother Jezebel and her sorceries are numerous?" {{rf{23}}} Joram turned his chariot and fled and said to Ahaziah, "It's treason, Ahaziah!" {{rf{24}}} Then Jehu drew his bow and shot Joram between his shoulders so that the arrow went out from his heart, and he slumped down in his chariot. {{rf{25}}} He said to Bidkar his third servant, "Lift him out and throw him on the plot of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite, for remember, you and I were with the pair of chariots behind Ahab his father when Yahweh pronounced this oracle against him: {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-09-11]] }}}
 {{rf{26}}} '"Since I saw the blood of Naboth and the blood of his children yesterday," declares Yahweh, "I will requite it for you in this tract of land," declares Yahweh.' So then lift him out and throw him on the tract of land according to the word of Yahweh." {{rf{27}}} When Ahaziah king of Judah saw, he fled the way of Beth-Haggen. Jehu pursued after him and said, "Shoot him also, in the chariot." They shot him at the ascent of Gur which is in Ibleam, and he fled to Megiddo, but he died there. {{rf{28}}} Then his officers carried him to Jerusalem, and they buried him in his tomb with his ancestors in the city of David. {{rf{29}}} In the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab, Ahaziah had become king over Judah. {{rf{30}}} When Jehu came to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it, so she painted her eyes with black eye paint and adorned her head and looked through the window. {{rf{31}}} Now Jehu had come in the gate, so she said, "Is it peace, O Zimri, murderer of his master?" {{rf{32}}} When he lifted up his face to the window, he asked, "Who is with me?" Two or three eunuchs looked down to him. {{rf{33}}} So he said, "Throw her down." So they threw her down, and her blood spattered on the wall and on the horses, and they trampled her. {{rf{34}}} Then he came and ate and drank, and said, "Please take care of this cursed one and bury her, for she is the daughter of a king." {{rf{35}}} When they went to bury her, they could not find her, except the skull, the feet, and the palms of the hands. {{rf{36}}} They returned and told him, and he said, "This is the word of Yahweh which he spoke by the hand of his servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying, 'On the plot of ground of Jezreel, the dogs shall eat the flesh of Jezebel.'" {{rf{37}}} So the dead body of Jezebel became dung on the surface spread on the field in the plot of ground of Jezreel, so one cannot say, "This is Jezebel." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-09-26]] }}}
Ahab had seventy sons in Samaria, and Jehu wrote letters, and he sent them to Samaria to the officials of Jezreel, to the elders and to the guardians of Ahab, saying, {{rf{2}}} "Now, when this letter comes to you and your master's sons are with you, the chariots are with you, the horses, a fortified city, and weapons, {{rf{3}}} then you must select the best and the most suitable from the sons of your master, and you must place him on the throne of his father, and they must fight for the house of your masters." {{rf{4}}} But they were very afraid, and they said, "Look, two kings could not stand before him; how can we stand?" {{rf{5}}} So whoever was over the house, and whoever was over the city, and the elders and the guardians sent to Jehu, saying, "We are your servants; all that you say to us, we shall do. We shall not make anyone a king. Do what is good in your eyes." {{rf{6}}} Then he wrote to them a second letter, saying, "If you are for me, and you are listening to my voice, take the heads of the men of the sons of your master and come to me at this time tomorrow at Jezreel." Now the sons of the king, seventy men, were with the leaders of the city who were raising them. {{rf{7}}} When the letter came to them, they took the sons of the king, and they killed seventy men. Then they put their heads in baskets and sent them to him at Jezreel. {{rf{8}}} Then the messenger came and told him, saying, "They have brought the heads of the king's sons," and he said, "Put them in two piles at the entrance of the gate until morning." {{rf{9}}} It happened in the morning that he went out, stood, and said to all of the people, "You are righteous. Look, I conspired against my master and killed him. But who killed all of these? {{rf{10}}} Know then that the word of Yahweh will not fail which Yahweh spoke concerning the house of Ahab; Yahweh has done what he spoke by the hand of his servant Elijah. {{rf{11}}} Then Jehu killed all of the remainder of the house of Ahab in Jezreel, all of his leaders, his close friends, and his priests, until there was no survivor left for him. {{rf{12}}} Then he arose and went and came to Samaria. On the way, he was at Beth-Eked of the shepherds, {{rf{13}}} and Jehu met the brothers of Ahaziah king of Judah. He asked, "Who are you?" They said, "We are the brothers of Ahaziah; we came down for the peace of the king's children and the children of the queen." {{rf{14}}} Then he said, "Seize them alive!" So they seized them alive but then slaughtered them at the cistern of Beth-Eked, forty-two men. He did not allow any of them to survive. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-10-01]] }}}
 {{rf{15}}} Next he went from there and found Jehonadab the son of Recab to meet him. He greeted him and asked him, "Is your heart right with me as my heart is with you?" Then Jehonadab said, "Yes, it is. Give your hand!" And he gave his hand and took him up to him on the chariot. {{rf{16}}} Then he said, "Come with me! Look at my zeal for Yahweh!" So he let him ride in his chariot. {{rf{17}}} Then he came to Samaria and killed all who remained to Ahab in Samaria until he wiped them out according to the word of Yahweh which he had spoken to Elijah. {{rf{18}}} Then Jehu assembled all of the people and said to them, "Ahab served Baal a little, but Jehu will worship him greatly. {{rf{19}}} So then, summon to me all of the prophets of Baal and all of his servants and his priests; no man should fail to come, for I have a great sacrifice for Baal. Anyone who fails to come shall not live!" Now Jehu was acting with cunning in order to destroy the servants of Baal. {{rf{20}}} Then Jehu said, "Sanctify a solemn assembly for Baal!" So they proclaimed it. {{rf{21}}} Jehu sent word through all of Israel, and all of the servants of Baal came; there did not remain a man who did not come. They came to the house of Baal so that the house of Baal was filled from wall to wall. {{rf{22}}} He said to the one who was over the wardrobe, "Bring out clothing for all of the servants of Baal." So he brought the clothing out for them. {{rf{23}}} Then Jehu and Jehonadab the son of Recab came to the temple of Baal, and he said to the servants of Baal, "Search and see that there is none of the servants of Yahweh here with you; only those who serve Baal." {{rf{24}}} They came to offer sacrifices and burnt offerings. Now Jehu had stationed for himself eighty men outside, and he said, "The man who lets anyone escape from the men who I am entrusting to you, he will pay with his life!" {{rf{25}}} It happened that when he finished offering the burnt offering, Jehu said to the royal guard and to the officers, "Come and kill them; let no man go free!" So they put them to the sword, and the royal guard and the officers threw them out, then they went up to the citadel of the temple of Baal. {{rf{26}}} They brought out the stone pillars of the temple of Baal and burned them. {{rf{27}}} So they broke down the stone pillars of Baal and destroyed the temple of Baal and made it into a latrine until this day. {{rf{28}}} So Jehu wiped out Baal from Israel. {{rf{29}}} Only Jehu did not turn aside from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat by which he caused Israel to sin; namely, the calf-shaped idols of gold which were in Bethel and Dan. {{rf{30}}} Yahweh said to Jehu, "Because you have done well by doing right in my eyes and you have done to the house of Ahab according to all that was in my heart; therefore, sons of the fourth generation will sit for you on the throne of Israel." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-10-15]] }}}
 {{rf{31}}} But Jehu was not careful to walk in the law of Yahweh God of Israel with all his heart; he did not turn from the sins of Jeroboam by which he caused Israel to sin. {{rf{32}}} In those days, Yahweh began to reduce Israel, so Hazael defeated them in every territory of Israel, {{rf{33}}} from the Jordan eastward: all of the land of Gilead, the Gadites, the Reubenites, and the Manassites, from Aroer which is on the Wadi Arnon and Gilead and Bashan. {{rf{34}}} Now the remainder of the acts of Jehu and all that he did and all of his powerful deeds, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel? {{rf{35}}} So Jehu slept with his ancestors, and they buried him in Samaria, and Jehoahaz his son became king in his place. {{rf{36}}} Now the days which Jehu had reigned over Israel were twenty-eight years in Samaria. {{rf big{1}}} Now Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, so she prepared to destroy all of the offspring of the royal family. {{rf{2}}} But Jehosheba the daughter of King Joram and sister of Ahaziah took Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, and she stole him from among the sons of the king who were being put to death, putting him and his nurse in the inner bedroom. So they hid him from the presence of Athaliah, and he was not killed. {{rf{3}}} He remained with her in the temple of Yahweh, hidden for six years while Athaliah was reigning over the land. {{rf{4}}} But in the seventh year Jehoiada sent and took the commanders of the hundreds of the Carites and the runners, and he brought them to himself to the temple of Yahweh. Then he made a covenant with them and made them swear in the house of Yahweh and showed them the son of the king. {{rf{5}}} He commanded them, saying, "This is the thing which you must do: one third of you who go off duty on the Sabbath, the keepers of the guard in the house of the king, {{rf{6}}} and another third at the gate of Sur, and a third at the gate behind the runners, shall guard the post of the palace alternately. {{rf{7}}} Two of the units among you, all who go on duty on the Sabbath, guard the post of the temple of Yahweh for the king. {{rf{8}}} You must surround the king all about, each with his weapon in his hand; whoever comes to the ranks must be killed. Be with the king wherever he goes." {{rf{9}}} So the commanders of hundreds did according to all that Jehoiada the priest commanded, and each took his men who went off duty on the Sabbath and those who came on duty on the Sabbath, and they came to Jehoiada the priest. {{rf{10}}} Then the priest gave to the commanders of the hundreds spears and small round shields which were King David's, which were in the temple of Yahweh. {{rf{11}}} So the royal runners stood, each with his weapons in his hand, from the side of the temple to the south up to the side of the temple on the north, around the altar and around the temple, about the king all around. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-10-31]] }}}
 {{rf{12}}} Then he brought out the son of the king, put the crown on him with the testimony, and they made him king, anointed him, clapped their hands, and said, "Long live the king!" {{rf{13}}} When Athaliah heard the sound of the runners of the people, she came to the people at the temple of Yahweh. {{rf{14}}} She looked, and there was the king standing by the pillar according to the custom. The commanders and the trumpeters were by the king, and all of the people of the land were rejoicing and blowing on the trumpets. Athaliah tore her clothes and she called, "Treason, treason!" {{rf{15}}} Then Jehoiada the priest commanded the commanders of the hundreds, the appointed of the army, and he said to them, "Bring her out to the house of the ranks! The one coming after her should kill her with the sword," for the priest had said, "Let her not be killed in the temple of Yahweh." {{rf{16}}} So they grabbed her as she went by the entranceway of the horses to the palace of the king, and she was killed there. {{rf{17}}} Then Jehoiada made a covenant between Yahweh and the king and the people, that the people should be as a people for Yahweh, and also a covenant between the king and the people. {{rf{18}}} Then all the people of the land went to the temple of Baal and tore it down, and its altars and its images they broke completely into pieces. Mattan the priest of Baal they killed in front of the altars. Then the priest put guards over the house of Yahweh. {{rf{19}}} He took the commanders of the hundreds and the Carites and the runners and all the people of the land, and they brought the king down from the temple of Yahweh. And they marched by the way of the runner's gate to the palace of the king, and he sat on the throne of the kings. {{rf{20}}} All the people of the land rejoiced, and the city rested; for Athaliah had been killed with the sword in the palace of the king. {{rf{21}}} Jehoash was seven years old when he began to reign. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-11-12]] }}}
In the seventh year of Jehu, Jehoash became king. He reigned in Jerusalem forty years, and the name of his mother was Zibiah from Beersheba. {{rf{2}}} Jehoash did right in the eyes of Yahweh all of his days, because Jehoiada the priest instructed him. {{rf{3}}} Only the high places were not removed; the people were still making sacrifices and offering incense on the high places. {{rf{4}}} Jehoash said to the priests, "All of the money for the sacred things that is brought to the temple of Yahweh, the money taxed at its proper value for each person and all of the money which comes upon the heart of a man to bring to the temple of Yahweh, {{rf{5}}} let the priests take for themselves, each from his treasurers, and let them repair the breach of the temple for every place where damage is found." {{rf{6}}} It happened in the twenty-third year of King Jehoash that the priests had not repaired the damage in the temple. {{rf{7}}} So King Jehoash summoned Jehoiada the priest and the priests, and he said to them, "Why are you not repairing the damage in the temple? Now, you shall not take money from your treasurers for the damage in the temple. You must provide it." {{rf{8}}} So the priests agreed not to take money from the people and not to repair the damage to the temple. {{rf{9}}} Then Jehoiada the priest took a certain chest and bored a hole in its lid, and he put it beside the altar to the right as a man enters into the temple of Yahweh; then the priests who were keepers of the threshold would put there all of the money brought into the temple. {{rf{10}}} It happened that when they saw a great deal of money in the chest, the secretary of the king and the high priest would come up, put the money in bags, then count the money found in the temple of Yahweh. {{rf{11}}} They placed the money, which was weighed out, into the hands of the workers who were appointed over the temple of Yahweh, and they paid it to the skilled craftsmen of wood and to the builders working on the temple of Yahweh {{rf{12}}} and to the masons and the stonecutters, to buy timber and stones for hewing, in order to repair the damage of the temple of Yahweh, and for all who went to the temple to repair it. {{rf{13}}} Only, for the temple of Yahweh, there were not any silver basins, snuffers, bowls for drinking wine, trumpets, or any vessel of gold or silver from the money being brought to the temple of Yahweh. {{rf{14}}} For they gave that to all the workers, and they repaired the temple of Yahweh with it. {{rf{15}}} They did not have to settle accounts with the men into whose hands they placed the money to give to the workers, for they were dealing honestly. {{rf{16}}} The money of the guilt offering and the money of the sin offering was not brought into the temple of Yahweh, but were each for the priests. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-12-01]] }}}
 {{rf{17}}} At that time, Hazael king of Aram went up and fought against Gath and captured it; then Hazael set his face to go up against Jerusalem. {{rf{18}}} Jehoash king of Judah took all of the holy objects that Jehoshaphat, Joram, and Ahaziah his ancestors, the kings of Judah, had devoted, and all his holy objects and all of the gold found in the treasuries of the temple of Yahweh, and in the palace of the king, and he sent them to Hazael king of Aram, so that he went up from Jerusalem. {{rf{19}}} Now the remainder of the acts of Joash and all that he did, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? {{rf{20}}} Then his servants arose and conspired and killed Joash in the house of the Millo as he was going down toward Silla. {{rf{21}}} Jozabad the son of Shimeath and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, struck him and killed him, so they buried him with his ancestors in the city of David. Then Amaziah his son became king in his place. {{rf big{1}}} In the twenty-third year of Joash the son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu became king over Israel in Samaria, reigning seventeen years. {{rf{2}}} But he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh, and he went after the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat with which he had caused Israel to sin, and he did not depart from it. {{rf{3}}} So the anger of Yahweh was kindled against Israel, and he gave them into the hand of Hazael king of Aram and into the hand of Ben-Hadad the son of Hazael repeatedly. {{rf{4}}} Then Jehoahaz entreated Yahweh, and Yahweh listened to him, for he saw the oppression of Israel, because the king of Aram oppressed them. {{rf{5}}} Yahweh gave Israel a savior, and they went out from under the hand of Aram. So the Israelites lived in their tents as formerly. {{rf{6}}} Yet they did not depart from the sins of the house of Jeroboam which he caused Israel to sin, but walked in it; and also, the pole of the Asherah worship was still standing in Samaria. {{rf{7}}} For there was no army left over for Jehoahaz except for fifty horsemen, ten chariots, and ten thousand infantry, for the king of Aram had destroyed them and made them as the dust at threshing. {{rf{8}}} Now the remainder of the acts of Jehoahaz and all that he did and his powerful deeds, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel? {{rf{9}}} Then Jehoahaz slept with his ancestors and they buried him in Samaria, and Jehoash his son became king in his place. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-12-17]] }}}
 {{rf{10}}} In the thirty-seventh year of Joash king of Judah, Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz became king over Israel in Samaria, reigning sixteen years. {{rf{11}}} He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh; he did not depart from all of the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat which he caused Israel to sin, but walked in it. {{rf{12}}} The remainder of the acts of Joash and all that he did, his powerful deeds, and how he fought with Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel? {{rf{13}}} Then Joash slept with his ancestors, and Jeroboam sat on his throne. Joash was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel. {{rf{14}}} Elisha became ill with the illness with which he would die, so Jehoash king of Israel went down to him and wept before him, and said, "My father, my father; the chariot of Israel and its horsemen!" {{rf{15}}} Elisha said to him, "Take a bow and arrows," so he took him a bow and arrows. {{rf{16}}} He said to the king of Israel, "Lay your hand on the bow," so he lay hold of it; then Elisha put his hand on the hands of the king. {{rf{17}}} Then he said, "Open the window to the east," so he opened it. Elisha said, "Shoot," and he shot. Then he said, "An arrow of victory for Yahweh, and an arrow of victory against Aram; you shall fight the Arameans in Aphek until finishing them." {{rf{18}}} Then he said, "Take the arrows," so he took them. He said to the king of Israel, "Strike the ground," so he struck three times and stopped. {{rf{19}}} Yet the man of God became angry against him and said, "For striking five or six times, then you would have defeated Aram until finishing them, but now you will defeat Aram only three times." {{rf{20}}} Elisha died and they buried him. Now the raiding parties of Moab came in the spring. {{rf{21}}} And it happened that they were burying a man; suddenly they saw the marauding band, so they threw the man in the grave of Elisha. As he went in, the man touched the bones of Elisha, and became alive and got up on his feet! {{rf{22}}} Hazael king of Aram oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz. {{rf{23}}} But Yahweh had mercy on them and showed compassion to them and turned to them because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. He was not willing to destroy them nor cast them from his presence up to now. {{rf{24}}} When Hazael king of Aram died, his son Ben-Hadad became king in his place. {{rf{25}}} Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz returned and took the cities from the hand of Ben-Hadad the son of Hazael which he had taken from the hand of Jehoahaz his father in the war. Three times Jehoash defeated him and recovered the towns of Israel. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-13-10]] }}}
In the second year of Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz king of Israel, Amaziah the son of Jehoash king of Judah began to reign. {{rf{2}}} He was twenty-five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem; and the name of his mother was Jehoaddin from Jerusalem. {{rf{3}}} He did right in the eyes of Yahweh, only not as David his ancestor; as all which Jehoash his father had done, he did. {{rf{4}}} Only the high places were not removed; the people were still sacrificing and offering incense on the high places. {{rf{5}}} It happened that when the kingdom was firmly in his hand, he killed his servants who had killed his father the king. {{rf{6}}} But the sons of the killers he did not kill, as it is written in the scroll of the law of Moses which Yahweh had commanded, saying, "Fathers should not be killed because of children, and children should not be killed because of fathers; but a man should die because of his own sin." {{rf{7}}} He also killed ten thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt, and he seized Sela in the battle, and he called its name Jokteel, until this day. {{rf{8}}} Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz the son of Jehu king of Israel, saying, "Come let us meet face-to-face." {{rf{9}}} So Jehoash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah, saying, "The thornbush which is in Lebanon sent to the cedar which is in Lebanon, saying, 'Give your daughter to my son as wife,' but an animal of the field which is in Lebanon passed by and trampled the thornbush. {{rf{10}}} You have indeed defeated Edom and your heart is lifted up; enjoy the honor and stay home. Why should you provoke trouble so that you fall and Judah with you?" {{rf{11}}} But Amaziah would not listen, so Jehoash king of Israel went up and they met face-to-face, he and Amaziah king of Judah, at Beth-Shemesh which belongs to Judah. {{rf{12}}} Judah was defeated before Israel and they fled, each to this tent. {{rf{13}}} Jehoash king of Israel captured Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash, the son of Ahaziah, at Beth-Shemesh. Then they came to Jerusalem, and he broke down the wall of Jerusalem from the Gate of Ephraim up to the Corner Gate, four hundred cubits! {{rf{14}}} He also took all of the gold and silver and all the vessels found in the temple of Yahweh and in the treasury rooms of the palace of the king, as well as the hostages; then he returned to Samaria. {{rf{15}}} Now the remainder of the acts of Jehoash which he did, and his powerful deeds, and how he fought with Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel? {{rf{16}}} Then Jehoash slept with his ancestors and was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel, and Jeroboam his son reigned in his place. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-14-01]] }}}
 {{rf{17}}} Amaziah the son of Jehoash king of Judah lived fifteen years after the death of Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz king of Israel. {{rf{18}}} The remainder of the acts of Amaziah, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? {{rf{19}}} They conspired against him in Jerusalem, so he fled to Lachish. But they sent men after him to Lachish, and they killed him there. {{rf{20}}} Then they carried him on the horses, and he was buried with his ancestors in the city of David. {{rf{21}}} All of the people of Judah took sixteen-year-old Azariah and made him king in place of this father Amaziah. {{rf{22}}} He rebuilt Elath and restored it to Judah after the king slept with his ancestors. {{rf{23}}} In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Jehoash king of Judah, Jeroboam the son of Jehoash king of Israel began to reign in Samaria, reigning forty-one years. {{rf{24}}} But he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh; he did not depart from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat which he caused Israel to sin. {{rf{25}}} He restored the boundary of Israel from Lebo-Hamath up to the sea of the Arabah, according to the word of Yahweh which he spoke by the hand of his servant Jonah the son of Amittai the prophet, who was from Gath-Hepher. {{rf{26}}} For Yahweh saw that the misery of Israel was very bitter, whether bond or free, but there was no helper for Israel. {{rf{27}}} Yahweh did not decree to blot out the name of Israel from under the heavens, so he saved them by the hand of Jeroboam the son of Jehoash. {{rf{28}}} Now the remainder of the acts of Jeroboam, all that he did, his powerful deeds, how he fought, and how he restored Damascus and Hamath of Judah to Israel, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel? {{rf{29}}} So Jeroboam slept with his ancestors the kings of Israel, and his son Zechariah became king in his place. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-14-17]] }}}
In the twenty-seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel, Azariah the son of Amaziah king of Judah began to reign. {{rf{2}}} He was sixteen years old when he became king, and he reigned fifty-two years in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Jecoliah of Jerusalem. {{rf{3}}} He did right in the eyes of Yahweh, according to all that Amaziah his father had done. {{rf{4}}} Only he did not remove the high places; the people were still sacrificing and burning incense on the high places. {{rf{5}}} Yahweh struck the king, and he was infected with a skin disease until the day of his death. He lived in a separate house, while Jotham the son of the king was over the house, governing the people of the land. {{rf{6}}} The remainder of the acts of Azariah, and all that he did, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? {{rf{7}}} So Azariah slept with his ancestors, and they buried him with his ancestors in the city of David, and Jotham his son became king in his place. {{rf{8}}} In the thirty-eighth year of Azariah king of Judah, Zechariah the son of Jeroboam reigned over Israel in Samaria for six months. {{rf{9}}} He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh as his ancestors had done. He did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat which he caused Israel to sin. {{rf{10}}} Shallum the son of Jabesh conspired against him, struck him in front of the people, killed him, and reigned in his place. {{rf{11}}} Now the remainder of the acts of Zechariah, look, they are written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel. {{rf{12}}} This is the word of Yahweh which he spoke to Jehu, saying, "Sons of a fourth generation shall sit for you on the throne of Israel," and it was so. {{rf{13}}} Shallum the son of Jabesh began to reign in the thirty-ninth year of Uzziah king of Judah, and he reigned a full month in Samaria. {{rf{14}}} Then Menahem the son of Gadi came up from Tirzah, and he came to Samaria and struck down Shallum the son of Jabesh in Samaria and killed him. Then he became king in place of him. {{rf{15}}} Now the remainder of the acts of Shallum, and his conspiracy which he conspired; look, they are written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel. {{rf{16}}} At that time Menahem destroyed Tiphsah, all who were in it, and all its territory from Tirzah, because it had not opened to him, so he destroyed it and ripped open all of its pregnant women. {{rf{17}}} In the thirty-ninth year of Azariah king of Judah, Menahem the son of Gadi began to reign over Israel for ten years in Samaria. {{rf{18}}} But he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh. He did not depart all of his days from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat which he caused Israel to sin. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-15-01]] }}}
 {{rf{19}}} Pul the king of Assyria came against the land, so Menahem gave a thousand talents of silver to Pul so that his hand would be with him to strengthen his hold on the kingdom. {{rf{20}}} Menahem exacted the money from Israel, from all the very rich, to give to the king of Assyria fifty shekels of silver for each one. Then the king of Assyria returned and did not stay there in the land. {{rf{21}}} Now the rest of the acts of Menahem, and all that he did, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel? {{rf{22}}} So Menahem slept with his ancestors, and Pekahiah his son became king in his place. {{rf{23}}} In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria for two years. {{rf{24}}} But he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh. He did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat which he caused Israel to sin. {{rf{25}}} Pekah the son of Remaliah, his captain, conspired against him, so he attacked him in Samaria in the citadel fortress of the palace of the king, with Argob and Arieh. With him also were fifty men from the children of the Gileadites, and he killed him and became king in his place. {{rf{26}}} Now the remainder of the acts of Pekahiah and all that he did, look, they are written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel. {{rf{27}}} In the fifty-second year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekah the son of Remaliah began to reign over Israel in Samaria for twenty years. {{rf{28}}} He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh. He did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat which he caused Israel to sin. {{rf{29}}} In the days of Pekah king of Israel, Tiglath-Pileser the king of Assyria came and took Ijon, Abel-Beth-Maacah, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, the Gilead, the Galilee, and all the land of Naphtali; then he deported them to Assyria. {{rf{30}}} Hoshea the son of Elah conspired against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and he attacked and killed him. He reigned in place of him in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah. {{rf{31}}} Now the remainder of the acts of Pekah and all that he did, look, they are written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel. {{rf{32}}} In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, Jotham the son of Uzziah king of Judah began to reign. {{rf{33}}} He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and the name of his mother was Jerusha the daughter of Zadok. {{rf{34}}} He did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh, according to all that Uzziah his father had done. {{rf{35}}} Only the high places were not removed; the people still were sacrificing and offering incense on the high places. He built the upper gate of the temple of Yahweh. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-15-19]] }}}
 {{rf{36}}} Now the remainder of the acts of Jotham which he did, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? {{rf{37}}} (Now, in those days, Yahweh began to send Rezin the king of Aram and Pekah the son of Remaliah against Judah.) {{rf{38}}} So Jotham slept with his ancestors and was buried with his ancestors in the city of David his ancestor, and his son Ahaz became king in his place. {{rf big{1}}} In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah, Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign. {{rf{2}}} Ahaz was twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. He did not do right in the eyes of Yahweh his God as David his ancestor. {{rf{3}}} He walked in the way of the kings of Israel; he even let his son pass through the fire according to the detestable things of the nations which Yahweh drove out from before the Israelites. {{rf{4}}} He sacrificed and offered incense on the high places, on the hills, and under every green tree. {{rf{5}}} Then Rezin the king of Aram went up with Pekah the son of Remaliah king of Israel against Jerusalem for battle, and they besieged Ahaz but were not able to defeat him. {{rf{6}}} At that time, Rezin king of Aram recovered Elath for Aram and drove out the Judeans from Elath. The Arameans came to Elath and have lived there until this day. {{rf{7}}} Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria, saying, "I am your servant and your son. Come up and rescue me from the hand of the king of Aram and from the hand of the king of Israel who are rising up against me." {{rf{8}}} Ahaz took the silver and gold found in the house of Yahweh and in the treasury rooms of the palace of the king, and he sent a gift to the king of Assyria. {{rf{9}}} So the king of Assyria listened to him and he went up to Damascus and captured it and deported them to Kir. He also killed Rezin. {{rf{10}}} So King Ahaz went to meet Tiglath-Pileser the king of Assyria in Damascus, and he saw the altar which was in Damascus, so King Ahaz sent to Uriah the priest the builder's plan of the altar and the exact model of how it had been made. {{rf{11}}} So Uriah the priest built the altar according to all that King Ahaz had sent from Damascus; thus Uriah the priest did before King Ahaz came from Damascus. {{rf{12}}} When the king came from Damascus, the king saw the altar, so he went near to the altar and went up on it. {{rf{13}}} Then he offered his burnt offerings and his grain offerings, he poured his libations and dashed the blood of his fellowship offerings against the altar. {{rf{14}}} Now the bronze altar which was before Yahweh, he brought over from the front of the temple, from between his altar and the temple of Yahweh, and he placed it at the side of his altar to the north. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-15-36]] }}}
 {{rf{15}}} Then King Ahaz commanded Uriah the priest, saying, "On the great altar burn the morning burnt offering and the grain offering of the evening, the burnt offering of the king and his grain offering, the burnt offering of all of the people of the land, their offerings, their libations, and all of the blood of the burnt offerings, the blood of the sacrifices you must dash on it. But the bronze altar shall be for me to inquire by." {{rf{16}}} So Uriah the priest did according to all that King Ahaz commanded. {{rf{17}}} Then King Ahaz cut off the side panels of the water carts and removed from upon them the basin, and the sea he took down from the bronze oxen that were under it and put it on a stone base. {{rf{18}}} The covering for the Sabbath which they had built in the palace and in the entrance of the king to the outside, he removed from the temple of Yahweh because of the presence of the king of Assyria. {{rf{19}}} Now the remainder of the acts of Ahaz which he did, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? {{rf{20}}} So Ahaz slept with his ancestors and was buried with his ancestors in the city of David, and Hezekiah his son reigned in his place. {{rf big{1}}} In the twelfth year of Ahaz the king of Judah, Hoshea the son of Elah began to reign over Israel in Samaria, reigning nine years. {{rf{2}}} He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh, only not as the kings of Israel who were before him. {{rf{3}}} Shalmaneser the king of Assyria came up against him, and Hoshea became his vassal and paid tribute to him. {{rf{4}}} But the king of Assyria found treachery in Hoshea, for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and he did not offer tribute to the king of Assyria as he had year after year; so the king of Assyria arrested him, and confined him in a house of imprisonment. {{rf{5}}} So the king of Assyria went up in all the land, then he went up to Samaria and besieged it for three years. {{rf{6}}} In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria captured Samaria and deported Israel to Assyria. He placed them in Halah, in Habor, in the river regions of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes. {{rf{7}}} Now this happened because the Israelites had sinned against Yahweh their God when he brought them up from the land of Egypt from under the hand of Pharaoh the king of Egypt and they feared other gods. {{rf{8}}} They walked in the statutes of the nations whom Yahweh had driven out from before the Israelites, which the kings of Israel had introduced. {{rf{9}}} The Israelites secretly did things which were not right, against Yahweh their God; they built high places for themselves in all their towns, from the watchtower up to the fortified city. {{rf{10}}} They set up for themselves stone pillars and poles of Asherah worship on every high hill and under every green tree. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-16-15]] }}}
 {{rf{11}}} They burned incense there on all the high places, like the nations which Yahweh deported before them, and they did evil things to provoke Yahweh. {{rf{12}}} They served idols which Yahweh had said to them, "You shall not do this thing!" {{rf{13}}} Yahweh warned Israel and Judah by the hand of his every prophet, with every seer saying, "Turn from all of your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my ordinances, according to all the law which I commanded your ancestors, which I sent to you by the hand of my servants the prophets." {{rf{14}}} But they did not listen and they stiffened their necks, like the necks of their ancestors who did not believe in Yahweh their God. {{rf{15}}} They rejected his statutes, his covenant which he made with their ancestors, and his warnings which he gave to them; and they went after the idols, became vain, and went after all the nations which were all around them, which Yahweh had commanded them not to do as they did. {{rf{16}}} They abandoned all the commands of Yahweh their God and made for themselves two molten calf-shaped idols; they made a pole of Asherah worship and bowed down to the army of the heavens and served Baal. {{rf{17}}} They made their sons and their daughters pass through the fire, they practiced divination and read omens, and they sold themselves to do evil in the eyes of Yahweh to provoke him. {{rf{18}}} So Yahweh was very angry with Israel and he removed them from his presence; none remained except the tribe of Judah alone. {{rf{19}}} Even Judah did not keep the commands of Yahweh their God, and they walked in the customs of Israel which they introduced, {{rf{20}}} so Yahweh rejected all the offspring of Israel and punished them, and he gave them into the hand of the plunderers until he banished them from his presence. {{rf{21}}} For he had torn Israel from the house of David, and they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king, but Jeroboam detached Israel from following Yahweh, and he made them sin a great sin. {{rf{22}}} The Israelites walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he committed, and they did not depart from it, {{rf{23}}} until Yahweh removed Israel from his presence as he had foretold by the hand of all his servants, the prophets. And so he deported Israel from upon his land to Assyria until this day. {{rf{24}}} The king of Assyria brought from Babylonia, from Cush, from Arva, from Hamath, and Sepharvaim, and he settled them in the cities of Samaria in place of the Israelites, so they took possession of Samaria and lived in her cities. {{rf{25}}} It happened that when they began living there, they did not fear Yahweh, so Yahweh sent lions among them, and they were killing them. {{rf{26}}} So they said to the king of Assyria, "The nations whom you deported and settled in the cities of Samaria do not know the customs of the God of the land, so he sent lions among them, and now they are killing them because they do not know the customs of the God of the land." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-17-11]] }}}
 {{rf{27}}} Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, "Release one of the priests whom you deported from there, and let him go and settle there. Let him teach them the customs of the God of the land." {{rf{28}}} So one of the priests went, whom they had deported from Samaria, and he settled in Bethel and was teaching them how they should fear Yahweh. {{rf{29}}} Yet every nation was making their gods, and they put them in the shrine of the high places that the Samaritans had made, every nation in their cities in which they were living. {{rf{30}}} The men of Babylonia made Succoth Benoth; the men of Cush made Nergal; the men of Hamath made Ashima. {{rf{31}}} The Arvites made Nibhaz and Tartak; the Sepharvites were burning their children in the fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech the gods of Sepharvaim. {{rf{32}}} Those who were fearing Yahweh made priests of the high places from among themselves, and they were sacrificing for them in the shrines of the high places. {{rf{33}}} Yahweh they were fearing, but their gods they were serving, according to the customs of the nations from which they were deported. {{rf{34}}} Until this day they are doing according to their former customs; none of them are fearing Yahweh, and none of them are doing according to their statutes, to their decisions, to the law, or to the commands that Yahweh commanded the descendants of Jacob to which he had given the name Israel. {{rf{35}}} Yahweh had made a covenant with them and commanded them, "You shall not fear other gods, nor shall you bow down to them, nor shall you serve them, nor shall you sacrifice to them. {{rf{36}}} Rather, Yahweh, who brought you out from the land of Egypt with great strength and with an outstretched arm -- him you shall fear, and to him you shall bow down, and to him you shall sacrifice. {{rf{37}}} The statutes, the decisions, the law, and the commands that he wrote to you, you shall observe to do always, and you shall not fear other gods. {{rf{38}}} The covenant that I have made with you, you shall not forget, and you shall not fear other gods. {{rf{39}}} But Yahweh your God you shall fear, and he will deliver you from the hand of all of your enemies." {{rf{40}}} They did not listen but kept on doing according to their former customs. {{rf{41}}} So these nations were fearing Yahweh, but they were serving their idols, as were their children and their children's children; as their ancestors did, they are doing until this day. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-17-27]] }}}
It happened in the third year of Hoshea the son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah became king. {{rf{2}}} He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Abi, the daughter of Zechariah. {{rf{3}}} He did right in the eyes of Yahweh according to all that David his ancestor had done. {{rf{4}}} He removed the high places, and he smashed the stone pillars; he cut down the poles of Asherah worship and demolished the bronze serpent which Moses had made, for up to those days the Israelites were offering incense to it and called it Nehushtan. {{rf{5}}} He trusted in Yahweh the God of Israel; there was no one like him, before or after, among all the kings of Judah. {{rf{6}}} He held on to Yahweh; he did not depart from following him, and he kept his commands that Yahweh had commanded Moses. {{rf{7}}} Yahweh was with him; everywhere he went, he succeeded. He rebelled against the king of Assyria and did not serve him. {{rf{8}}} He attacked the Philistines up to Gaza and its territory from the watchtower up to the fortified city. {{rf{9}}} It happened in the fourth year of King Hezekiah, that is, the seventh year of Hoshea the son of Elah king of Israel, Shalmaneser king of Assyria came against Samaria and laid siege against her. {{rf{10}}} At the end of three years, he captured it in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is, the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel; Samaria was captured. {{rf{11}}} Then the king of Assyria deported Israel to Assyria and settled them in Halah, in Habor, in the river regions of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes, {{rf{12}}} because they did not listen to the voice of Yahweh their God, and they transgressed his covenant; all that he had commanded Moses, the servant of Yahweh, they did not listen to nor did they obey. {{rf{13}}} In the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all of the fortified cities of Judah and captured them. {{rf{14}}} So Hezekiah king of Judah sent word to the king of Assyria at Lachish, saying, "I have done wrong. Withdraw from me. What you impose on me I will bear." So the king of Assyria imposed on Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold. {{rf{15}}} Then Hezekiah gave all of the silver found in the temple of Yahweh and in the storerooms of the house of the king. {{rf{16}}} At that time, Hezekiah cut off the doors of the temple of Yahweh and the doorposts which Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and he gave them to the king of Assyria. {{rf{17}}} So the king of Assyria sent the commander in chief, the chief eunuch, and the chief advisor from Lachish to King Hezekiah at Jerusalem with a heavy army. They went up and came to Jerusalem, then they went up and came and stood at the aqueduct of the upper pool which is on the main road of the washer's field. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-18-01]] }}}
 {{rf{18}}} Then they called to the king, so Eliakim the son of Hilkiah who was over the palace, Shebna the secretary, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, came out to them. {{rf{19}}} Then the chief advisor said to them, "Please say to Hezekiah: 'Thus says the great king, the king of Assyria: "What is this confidence that you trust? {{rf{20}}} You think only a word of lips, 'I have advice and power for the war.' Now, on whom do you trust that you have rebelled against me? {{rf{21}}} Now, look! You rely on the staff of this broken reed, on Egypt, which when a man leans on it, it goes into his hand and pierces it! So is Pharaoh the king of Egypt for all who are trusting on him! {{rf{22}}} But if you say to me, 'On Yahweh our God we trust,' is it not he whose high places and altars Hezekiah removed, and he had said to Judah and to Jerusalem, 'In the presence of this altar you shall bow down only in Jerusalem?' {{rf{23}}} So then, please make a wager with my lord, with the king of Assyria, and I will give to you a thousand horses if you are able on your part to put riders on them. {{rf{24}}} How can you repulse a single captain among the least of the servants of my master? Yet you rely for yourself on Egypt for chariots and horsemen! {{rf{25}}} Have I now come up against this place without Yahweh to destroy it? Yahweh has said to me, 'Go up against this land and destroy it!'" '" {{rf{26}}} Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah and Shebna and Joah said to the chief commander, "Please speak to your servants in Aramaic, for we are understanding, but you must not speak Judean with us in the ears of the people who are on the wall." {{rf{27}}} The chief commander said to them, "Is it solely to your master and to you my master has sent me to speak these words? Is it not for the men who sit on the wall to eat their feces and to drink their urine with you?" {{rf{28}}} Then the chief commander stood and called with a great voice in Judean, and he spoke and said, "Hear the word of the king, the great king of Assyria! {{rf{29}}} Thus says the king, 'Do not let Hezekiah deceive you, for he will not be able to rescue you from my hand. {{rf{30}}} Do not let Hezekiah make you trust in Yahweh, saying, "Certainly Yahweh will rescue us, and this city shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria!" ' {{rf{31}}} Do not listen to Hezekiah; for thus says the king of Assyria, 'Make with me a treaty of peace and come out to me that each may eat from his vine and each from his fig tree, and each may drink water from his cistern! {{rf{32}}} Until I come and take you to a land like your land, a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of olive trees, olive oil, and honey, that you may live and not die! You must not listen to Hezekiah, for he has misled you by saying, "Yahweh will deliver us!" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-18-18]] }}}
 {{rf{33}}} Did the gods of each of the nations ever rescue the land from the hand of the king of Assyria? {{rf{34}}} Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivvah? For did they rescue Samaria from my hand? {{rf{35}}} Who among all of the gods of the countries have rescued their countries from my hand that Yahweh should rescue Jerusalem from my hand?'" {{rf{36}}} The people were silent, and they did not answer him a word, for the command of that king was saying, "You shall not answer him." {{rf{37}}} Eliakim the son of Hilkiah who was over the palace, and Shebna the secretary, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder came to Hezekiah with torn clothes, and they told him the words of the chief commander. {{rf big{1}}} It happened that when King Hezekiah heard, he tore his clothes and covered himself with sackcloth and went to the temple of Yahweh. {{rf{2}}} He sent Eliakim who was over the palace, Shebna the secretary, the elders, and the priests, all clothed in sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz. {{rf{3}}} They said to him, "Thus says Hezekiah, 'A day of distress, rebuke, and disgrace is this day, for the children are about to be born, but there is no strength to bear them. {{rf{4}}} Perhaps Yahweh your God will hear all of the words of the chief commander whom his master the king of Assyria has sent to insult the living God, and he will rebuke the words which Yahweh your God has heard. Therefore lift up a prayer for the remainder who are left.'" {{rf{5}}} So the servants of King Hezekiah came to Isaiah, {{rf{6}}} and Isaiah said to them, "Thus you must say to your master, 'Thus says Yahweh, "You must not be afraid because the face of the words which you have heard, with which the servants of the king of Assyria have reviled me. {{rf{7}}} Look, I am putting in him a spirit. He will hear a rumor and return to his land. Then I will cause him to fall by the sword in his land." '" {{rf{8}}} When the chief commander returned, he found the king of Assyria fighting against Libnah, for he had heard that he had departed from Lachish. {{rf{9}}} He heard about Tirhakah, the king of Cush, saying, "Look, he has set out to fight with you," so he again sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying, {{rf{10}}} "Thus you shall say to Hezekiah the king of Judah, 'Let not your God whom you are trusting deceive you, by his saying, "Jerusalem shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria!" {{rf{11}}} Look, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all the lands, by utterly destroying them, and shall you be delivered? {{rf{12}}} Did the gods of the nations that my predecessors destroyed deliver them? Not Gozan, Haran, Rezeph, nor the children of Eden who were in Tel Assar. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-18-33]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} Where are the king of Hamath, the king of Arpad, the king of the city of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivvah?'" {{rf{14}}} Hezekiah took the letters from the hand of the messengers and read them. Then he went up to the temple of Yahweh, and Hezekiah spread them out before the presence of Yahweh. {{rf{15}}} Then Hezekiah prayed before the face of Yahweh and said, "O Yahweh, God of Israel who lives above the cherubim. You are God, you alone, of all the kingdoms of the world; you have made the heavens and the earth. {{rf{16}}} Incline your ears and hear; open, O Yahweh, your eyes and see and hear the words of Sennacherib which he has sent to insult the living God. {{rf{17}}} Truly, O Yahweh, the kings of Assyria have utterly destroyed the nations and their land. {{rf{18}}} He has hurled their gods in the fire because they are not gods, but the work of the hands of a human made of wood and stone, so they destroyed them. {{rf{19}}} So then, O Yahweh our God, rescue us, please, from his hand, that all of the kingdoms of the earth may know that you, O Yahweh, you alone are God!" {{rf{20}}} Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah, saying, "Thus says Yahweh the God of Israel, 'What you have prayed to me about Sennacherib king of Assyria I have heard. {{rf{21}}} This is the word that Yahweh has spoken concerning him: She despises you, she scorns you, the virgin daughter of Zion. Behind you the daughter of Jerusalem shakes her head. {{rf{22}}} Whom have you mocked and reviled? And against whom have you have raised your voice and have haughtily lifted your eyes? Against the Holy One of Israel! {{rf{23}}} By the hand of your messengers you have mocked the Lord, and you have said, 'With my many chariots I have gone up to the height of the mountains. To the remote areas of Lebanon, I have felled the tallest of its cedars, the choicest of its cypresses. I have entered the place of overnight lodging. Even to the edge of forest of its fertile land. {{rf{24}}} I dug wells and I drank foreign water, and I dried up with the sole of my steps all the canals of Egypt.' {{rf{25}}} Have you not heard? From long ago I have determined it, from the days of old I have planned it, and now I am bringing it to pass. It shall be turned into a pile of rocks; fortified cities are ruined. {{rf{26}}} Their inhabitants, short of hand, shall be dismayed; and they shall be ashamed. They have become green plants of the open field, and tender grass, green grass of the roof and blight before the standing grain. {{rf{27}}} Your sitting, your going out, and your coming in I know, and your raging against me. {{rf{28}}} Because you are raging against me, and your arrogance has come up in my ears, I will put my nose ring in your nose and my bridle in your mouth. And I will turn you back on the way that you have come. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-19-13]] }}}
 {{rf{29}}} " 'This will be the sign for you: Eat the volunteer plants for the year, and in the second year, the volunteer plants that spring up from that. But in the third year, sow and reap, plant vineyards and eat their fruit. {{rf{30}}} The remainder of the house of Judah which survives will again take root below and bear fruit above. {{rf{31}}} For from Jerusalem a remnant shall go out and survivors from Mount Zion; the zeal of Yahweh will do this. {{rf{32}}} " 'Therefore thus says Yahweh to the king of Assyria, "He shall not come to this city, nor shall he shoot an arrow there, nor shall he bring a small shield near her, nor shall he cast a siege ramp against her. {{rf{33}}} By the way that he came to her he shall return; but to this city, he shall not come," declares Yahweh. {{rf{34}}} And I will defend this city to save her for my sake and for the sake of David my servant.'" {{rf{35}}} It happened in that night that an angel of Yahweh went out, and he struck down one hundred and eighty-five thousand in the camp of Assyria. When they got up early in the morning, look! All of them were dead corpses. {{rf{36}}} Then Sennacherib king of Assyria set out and went and returned and lived in Nineveh. {{rf{37}}} It happened that he was worshiping in the temple of Nisroch his god, and Adrammelech and Sharezer struck him with the sword. Then they escaped into the land of Ararat, and Esarhaddon his son became king in his place. {{rf big{1}}} In those days Hezekiah became deathly ill, and Isaiah the son of Amoz the prophet came to him and said to him, "Thus says Yahweh, 'Command your house, for you are about to die; you will not recover.'" {{rf{2}}} Then he turned his face to the wall and prayed to Yahweh, saying, {{rf{3}}} "O Yahweh, please remember how I went about before you in faithfulness and with a whole heart, and remember the good that I have done in your eyes." Then Hezekiah wept bitterly. {{rf{4}}} Isaiah had not gone out from the middle of the city when the word of Yahweh came to him, saying, {{rf{5}}} "Return; you must say to Hezekiah, the leader of my people, 'Thus says Yahweh the God of David your ancestor, "I have heard your prayer and I have seen your tears. Look, I am about to heal you. On the third day you shall go up to the temple of Yahweh. {{rf{6}}} I will add to your days fifteen years, and from the hand of the king of Assyria I will deliver you and this city. I will defend this city for my sake and for the sake of David my servant." '" {{rf{7}}} Then Isaiah said, "Bring a lump of figs," so they took and put it on the skin sores, and he lived. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-19-29]] }}}
 {{rf{8}}} Hezekiah said to Isaiah, "What is the sign that Yahweh will heal me that I shall go up on the third day to the temple of Yahweh?" {{rf{9}}} Isaiah said, "This is the sign for you from Yahweh that Yahweh will do the thing that he has promised: Shall the shadow advance ten steps or shall it return ten steps?" {{rf{10}}} Hezekiah answered, "It is easy for the shadow to lengthen ten steps. No, but let the shadow return backwards ten steps." {{rf{11}}} Isaiah the prophet called to Yahweh, and he brought back the shadow on the steps where it had gone down on the steps of Ahaz, backwards ten steps. {{rf{12}}} At that time, Berodak-Baladan the son of Baladan king of Babylon sent letters and a gift to Hezekiah, for he had heard that Hezekiah had been ill. {{rf{13}}} Hezekiah heard about them and showed them all of the house of his treasure, both the silver and the gold, the spices, the good olive oil, the room of his weapons, and all that could be found in his treasuries. There was nothing that he did not show them in his palace and in all of his kingdom. {{rf{14}}} Then Isaiah the prophet came to King Hezekiah and said to him, "What did these men say, and from where have they come to you?" Hezekiah said, "From a far land; they have come from Babylon." {{rf{15}}} Then he asked, "What did they see in your palace?" And Hezekiah said, "All that is in my palace they have seen; there is nothing that I did not show them in my treasuries." {{rf{16}}} Then Isaiah said to Hezekiah, "Hear the word of Yahweh! {{rf{17}}} 'Look, days are coming when all that is in your palace will be carried off; even all that your ancestors have stored up until this day, to Babylon; nothing shall be left,' says Yahweh. {{rf{18}}} 'Your sons who went out from you, whom you brought forth, will be taken, and they shall be eunuchs in the temple of the king of Babylon.'" {{rf{19}}} Then Hezekiah said to Isaiah, "The word of Yahweh which you have spoken is good," and he thought, "Is it not that peace and security shall be in my days?" {{rf{20}}} Now the remainder of the acts of Hezekiah, all of his powerful deeds, and how he made the pool and the conduit and brought the water into the city, are they not written in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? {{rf{21}}} Then Hezekiah slept with his ancestors, and Manasseh his son became king in his place. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-20-08]] }}}
Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty-five years in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Hephzibah. {{rf{2}}} He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh, according to the detestable things of the nations that Yahweh had driven out from the presence of the Israelites. {{rf{3}}} He returned and rebuilt the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed. He erected altars for Baal and made a pole of Asherah worship just as Ahab king of Israel had made, and he bowed down to all of the host of heaven and served them. {{rf{4}}} He built altars in the temple of Yahweh about which Yahweh had said, "I will put my name in Jerusalem." {{rf{5}}} He built an altar to all of the host of heaven in the two courtyards of the temple of Yahweh. {{rf{6}}} He made his son pass through the fire, practiced soothsaying and divination, and dealt with mediums and spiritists. He increased the doing of evil in the eyes of Yahweh to provoke him. {{rf{7}}} He put the image of the Asherah that he had made in the temple which Yahweh had said to David and to Solomon his son, "In this temple and in Jerusalem which I have chosen from all of the tribes of Israel, I will put my name forever. {{rf{8}}} I will not again make the feet of Israel wander from the land which I have given to their ancestors, if they only observe to do according to all that I have commanded them, as far as the law that Moses my servant commanded them." {{rf{9}}} But Manasseh did not listen and tempted them to do evil more than the nations that Yahweh destroyed before the presence of the Israelites. {{rf{10}}} So Yahweh spoke by the hand of his servants the prophets, saying, {{rf{11}}} "Because Manasseh the king of Judah committed these detestable things and did evil more than the Amorites did who were before him and caused even Judah to sin with his idols, {{rf{12}}} therefore, thus says Yahweh the God of Israel, 'Look, I am bringing disaster upon Jerusalem and Judah about which the two ears of all who hear it will tingle. {{rf{13}}} I will stretch out over Jerusalem the measuring line of Samaria and the plumb line of the house of Ahab, and I will wipe Jerusalem as one wipes the dish; he wipes it and turns it on its face. {{rf{14}}} I will give up the remainder of my inheritance, and I will give them into the hand of their enemies. They shall become as prey and as spoil for all their enemies, {{rf{15}}} because they have done evil in my eyes and were provoking me from the day that their ancestors came out from Egypt up to this day.'" {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-21-01]] }}}
 {{rf{16}}} Moreover, Manasseh shed very much innocent blood until he filled Jerusalem from one end to another, apart from his sin which he caused Judah to sin by doing evil in the eyes of Yahweh. {{rf{17}}} The remainder of the acts of Manasseh and all that he did and his sin that he committed, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? {{rf{18}}} Then Manasseh slept with his ancestors and was buried in the garden of his palace, in the garden of Uzza. Amon his son became king in his place. {{rf{19}}} Amon was twenty-two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Meshullemeth the daughter of Haruz from Jotbah. {{rf{20}}} He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh as Manasseh his father had done. {{rf{21}}} He walked in all of the way which his father had walked, and he served the idols which his father had served and bowed down to them. {{rf{22}}} He abandoned Yahweh the God of his ancestors and did not walk in the way of Yahweh. {{rf{23}}} The servants of Amon conspired against him and killed the king in his palace. {{rf{24}}} But the people of the land killed all who conspired against the king and made Josiah his son king in his place. {{rf{25}}} The remainder of the acts of Amon that he did, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? {{rf{26}}} They buried him in his tomb in the garden of Uzza, and Josiah his son became king in place of him. {{rf big{1}}} Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty-one years in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Jedidah the daughter of Adaiah from Bozkath. {{rf{2}}} He did right in the eyes of Yahweh, and he walked in all of the way of David his ancestor and did not turn aside to the right or to the left. {{rf{3}}} It happened in the eighteenth year of King Josiah, the king sent word to Shaphan the son of Azaliah the son of Meshullam, the secretary of the temple of Yahweh, saying, {{rf{4}}} "Go up to Hilkiah the high priest, and let them count the money being brought to the temple of Yahweh which the keepers of the threshold have collected from the people, {{rf{5}}} and let them give it into the hand of those appointed doers of the work at the temple of Yahweh. Let them give it to the doers of the work who are at the temple of Yahweh to repair the breach of the temple: {{rf{6}}} to the skilled craftsmen, to the builders, to the masons, and to buy timber and hewing stones to repair the temple. {{rf{7}}} Only the money being given to them is not to be accounted for by them, for they are dealing with honesty." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-21-16]] }}}
 {{rf{8}}} Then Hilkiah the high priest said to Shaphan the secretary, "I have found the scroll of the Torah in the temple of Yahweh," and Hilkiah gave the scroll to Shaphan and he read it. {{rf{9}}} Shaphan the secretary came to the king and returned the king a word, and he said, "Your servant poured out the money found in the temple, and they have given it into the hand of the doers of the work appointed over the temple of Yahweh." {{rf{10}}} Then Shaphan the secretary informed the king saying, "Hilkiah the priest has given me a scroll." Then Shaphan read before the king. {{rf{11}}} When the king heard the words of the scroll of the Torah, he tore his clothes. {{rf{12}}} Then the king commanded Hilkiah the priest, Ahikam the son of Shaphan, Acbor the son of Micaiah, Shaphan the secretary, and Asaiah the servant of the king, saying, {{rf{13}}} "Go, inquire of Yahweh for me and for the people and for all of Judah concerning the words of this scroll that was found. For the wrath of Yahweh that is kindled against us is great because our ancestors did not listen to the words of this scroll to do according to all that is written concerning us!" {{rf{14}}} So Hilkiah the priest, Ahikam, Acbor, Shaphan, and Asaiah went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah the son of Harhas, the keeper of the robes. Now she was living in Jerusalem in the second district. Then they spoke to her, {{rf{15}}} and she said to them, "Thus says Yahweh the God of Israel, 'Say to the man who sent you to me, {{rf{16}}} "Thus says Yahweh, 'Look I am bringing evil to this place and upon its inhabitants, according to all of the words of that scroll that the king of Judah has read {{rf{17}}} because they have abandoned me and they have burned incense to other gods, provoking me to anger with all of the works of their hands. My wrath shall be kindled against this place and not be quenched.'" {{rf{18}}} And to the king of Judah who sent all of you to inquire of Yahweh, thus you shall say to him, "Thus says Yahweh the God of Israel, 'Concerning the words that you have heard, {{rf{19}}} because you have a responsive heart, and you humbled yourself before Yahweh when you heard how I spoke against this place and against its inhabitants to become a desolation and a curse, and you have torn your clothes and wept before my face, I have also heard, declares Yahweh. {{rf{20}}} Therefore look, I am gathering you to your ancestors, and you shall be gathered to your tombs in peace. Your eyes will not see all of the disaster that I am bringing onto this place.'" '" Then they reported the word to the king. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-22-08]] }}}
So the king sent word, and all of the elders of Judah and Jerusalem gathered to him. {{rf{2}}} Then the king went up to the temple of Yahweh, and all of the men of Judah and all of the inhabitants of Jerusalem were with him, including the priests, the prophets, and all of the people from smallest to greatest; and in their hearing he read all of the words of the scroll of the covenant that had been found in the temple of Yahweh. {{rf{3}}} Then the king stood by the pillar, and he made a covenant before Yahweh, to go after Yahweh and to keep his commands and his warnings and his statutes, with all of his heart and with his all of his soul, to keep the words of this covenant written on this scroll. Then all of the people joined in the covenant. {{rf{4}}} Then the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, the second priests, and the keepers of the threshold, to bring out of the temple of Yahweh all of the objects made for Baal and for the Asherah and for all the host of heaven, and he burned them outside of Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron, and then he carried their ashes to Bethel. {{rf{5}}} He removed the priests whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense on the high places at the cities of Judah and around Jerusalem and who offered incense to, to the sun, to the moon, to the constellations, and to all the host of heaven. {{rf{6}}} He brought out the Asherah image from the temple of Yahweh outside of Jerusalem to the Wadi of the Kidron and burnt it there; then he pulverized it to dust and threw its dust upon the tombs of the children of the people. {{rf{7}}} He tore down the shrines of the male shrine prostitutes which were in the temple of Yahweh, where the women were weaving shrines for the Asherah. {{rf{8}}} Then he brought all of the priests from the cities of Judah and defiled the high places where the priests from Geba up to Beersheba burned incense. He tore down the high places of the gates which were at the entrance of the gate of Joshua, the governor of the city, which were on the left of each gate of the city. {{rf{9}}} However, the priests of the high places did not come up to the altar of Yahweh in Jerusalem, but they ate unleavened bread in the midst of their relatives. {{rf{10}}} He defiled the Topheth which is in the Valley of Ben-Hinnom, to prevent anyone causing his sons or his daughters to pass through the fire for Molech. {{rf{11}}} He kept the horses that the kings of Judah had dedicated to the sun from coming to the temple of Yawheh at the side room of Nathan-Melech the eunuch, which was in the court; and the chariots of the sun he burned with fire. {{rf{12}}} The altars which were on the roof of the upper room of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courtyards of the temple of Yahweh, the king tore down and ran from there and threw their ashes into the Wadi Kidron. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-23-01]] }}}
 {{rf{13}}} The high places which were east of Jerusalem, which were on the south of the Mountain of Destruction which Solomon king of Israel had built for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Sidonians and for Chemosh the abomination of Moab and for Molech the detestable thing of the Ammonites, the king defiled. {{rf{14}}} He also broke into pieces the stone pillars and cut down the Asherah poles and covered their sites with human bones. {{rf{15}}} Moreover, the altar which was in Bethel, the high place which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who had caused Israel to sin, had built, even that altar and the high place, Josiah tore down. Then he burned down the high place and crushed the pole of Asherah worship to dust and burned it with fire. {{rf{16}}} When Josiah turned and saw the tombs which were there on the hill, he sent and took the bones from the tombs and burned them on the altar. Thus he defiled them according to the word of Yahweh that the man of God had proclaimed who had proclaimed these things. {{rf{17}}} Then he said, "What is this gravestone that I am seeing?" The men of the city said to him, "This is the tomb of the man of God who came from Judah and proclaimed these things which you have done against the altar of Bethel." {{rf{18}}} So Josiah said, "Let him rest and let no man move his bones." So they left his bones undisturbed with the bones of the prophet who had come from Samaria. {{rf{19}}} Moreover, all of the shrines of the high places which were in the towns of Samaria which the kings of Israel had made to provoke Yahweh, Josiah removed, and he did to them like all of the deeds he had done in Bethel. {{rf{20}}} Then he slaughtered all of the priests of the high places who were there, on the altars, and he burned the bones of the humans on them. Then he returned to Jerusalem. {{rf{21}}} Then the king commanded all of the people, saying, "Keep the Passover to Yahweh your God, as has been written on the scroll of this covenant." {{rf{22}}} For they had not kept this Passover from the days of the judges who had judged over Israel or during the days of the kings of Israel and the kings of Judah. {{rf{23}}} But in the eighteenth year of King Josiah, this Passover was kept for Yahweh in Jerusalem. {{rf{24}}} Moreover, the mediums and the spiritists, the household gods and the idols, and all of the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, Josiah removed in order to establish the words of the law written on the scroll that Hilkiah the priest had found in the temple of Yahweh. {{rf{25}}} There was not a king like him before him, who turned to Yahweh with all of his heart and with all of his soul and with all of his might according to the law of Moses, nor did one arise like him afterwards. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-23-13]] }}}
 {{rf{26}}} However, Yahweh did not turn from the fierceness of his great anger which was kindled against Judah because of all of the provocations with which Manasseh had provoked him. {{rf{27}}} Yahweh had said, "Even Judah I will remove from my face, as I have removed Israel; I will reject this city that I have chosen, even Jerusalem and the house of which I said, 'My name shall be there'!" {{rf{28}}} The remainder of the acts of Josiah and all that he did, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? {{rf{29}}} In his days, Pharaoh Neco, king of Egypt, went up against the king of Assyria at the Euphrates River. King Josiah went to meet him, and he killed him at Megiddo as soon as he saw him. {{rf{30}}} So his servants drove him dead in a chariot from Megiddo, and they brought him to Jerusalem and buried him in his tomb. Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah and anointed him and made him king in place of his father. {{rf{31}}} Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah from Libnah. {{rf{32}}} He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh according to all his ancestors had done. {{rf{33}}} Then Pharaoh Neco confined him at Riblah in the land of Hamath, from reigning in Jerusalem, and imposed a levy on the land of a hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold. {{rf{34}}} Then Pharaoh Neco made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in place of Josiah his father, and he changed his name to Jehoiakim. Then he took Jehoahaz and brought him to Egypt, and he died there. {{rf{35}}} The silver and the gold Jehoiakim gave to Pharaoh; however, he taxed the land to give the silver to meet the demands of Pharaoh. Each according to assessment, he exacted payment of the silver and the gold from the people of the land to give to Pharaoh Neco. {{rf{36}}} Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah from Rumah. {{rf{37}}} He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh according to all that his ancestors had done. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-23-26]] }}}
In his days, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up because Jehoiakim had become his servant for three years; then he turned and rebelled against him. {{rf{2}}} So Yahweh sent against him raiding bands of Chaldeans, raiding bands of Aram, raiding bands of Moab, and raiding bands of the Ammonites. He had sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of Yahweh that he had spoken by the hand of his servants the prophets. {{rf{3}}} Surely, it was on the command of Yahweh against Judah to remove them from his sight because of the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he had done. {{rf{4}}} Also, for the blood of the innocent that he had shed -- and he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood -- Yahweh was not willing to forgive. {{rf{5}}} The remainder of the acts of Jehoiakim and all that he did, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah? {{rf{6}}} So Jehoiakim slept with his ancestors, and Jehoiachin his son became king in his place. {{rf{7}}} The king of Egypt did not again come out from his land, for the king of Babylon had taken territory from the Wadi of Egypt to the Euphrates River. {{rf{8}}} Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Nehushta daughter of Elnathan from Jerusalem. {{rf{9}}} He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh according to all that his father had done. {{rf{10}}} At that time, the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem, and the city came under the siege. {{rf{11}}} Then Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city while his servants were besieging it. {{rf{12}}} Jehoiachin king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, his mother, his servants, his commanders, and his court officials. The king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign. {{rf{13}}} Then he took from there all of the treasures of the temple of Yahweh and the treasures of the palace of the king. He cut up all of the vessels of gold which Solomon the king of Israel had made in the temple of Yahweh, as Yahweh had foretold. {{rf{14}}} He deported all of Jerusalem: all of the commanders, ten thousand of the skilled warriors, and the artisans; no one was left over except the poorest of the people of the land. {{rf{15}}} He deported Jehoiachin to Babylon; the mother of the king, the wives of the king, his court officials, and the citizenry of the land he caused to go into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon: {{rf{16}}} of all of the skilled men, seven thousand, and of the skilled craftsmen and the artisans, one thousand. All of the mighty warriors fit for war the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon. {{rf{17}}} Then the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his uncle king in his place and changed his name to Zedekiah. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-24-01]] }}}
 {{rf{18}}} Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Hamutal daughter of Jeremiah from Libnah. {{rf{19}}} He did evil in the eyes of Yahweh just like all that Jehoiakim had done. {{rf{20}}} For it happened because of the anger of Yahweh, in Jerusalem and in Judah, until they were cast out from his presence. Then Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon. {{rf big{1}}} It happened that in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, on the tenth of the month, Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon came, he and his army, against Jerusalem. He encamped against it and built siege works against it all around. {{rf{2}}} So the city came under siege until the eleventh year of the king. {{rf{3}}} In the ninth month, the famine became severe in the city, and there was no food for the people of the land. {{rf{4}}} Then the city was breached, and all of the men of war entered by night by way of the gate between the wall which was by the garden of the king, and the Chaldeans were against the city all around, so he left by the way of the Arabah. {{rf{5}}} But the army of the Chaldeans pursued the king, and they overtook him in the Arabah of Jericho, and all of his army scattered from him. {{rf{6}}} So they captured the king and brought him up to the king of Babylon at Riblah, and they passed sentence on him. {{rf{7}}} They slaughtered the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes; then they blinded the eyes of Zedekiah and bound him in bronze fetters and brought him to Babylon. {{rf{8}}} In the fifth month, on the seventh of the month, that is, the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, Nebuzaradan, a commander of the imperial guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem. {{rf{9}}} He burned the temple of Yahweh, the palace of the king, and all of the houses of Jerusalem; every large house he burned with fire. {{rf{10}}} He and all the army of the Chaldeans who were with the imperial guard tore down the wall of Jerusalem all around. {{rf{11}}} The remainder of the people left in the city, the deserters who had deserted to the king of Babylon, and the remainder of the multitude, Nebuzaradan the commander of the imperial guard deported. {{rf{12}}} But the poor of the land the commander of the imperial guard left for the vineyards and for tilling. {{rf{13}}} The bronze pillars which were in the temple of Yahweh, the water carts, and the bronze sea that was in the temple of Yahweh, the Chaldeans broke into pieces and carried their bronze to Babylon. {{rf{14}}} The pots, the shovels, the snuffers, the dishes, and the vessels of bronze with which they served there, they took. {{rf{15}}} The firepans and the basins, whatever was gold, the commander of the imperial guard took for the gold and whatever was silver, for the silver. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-24-18]] }}}
 {{rf{16}}} The two pillars, the one sea, and the water cart which Solomon had made for the temple of Yahweh, there was no weighing to the bronze of all of these vessels. {{rf{17}}} The height of the one pillar was eighteen cubits; a bronze capital was on it, with the height of the capital being three cubits. The latticework and pomegranates on the capital all around were bronze, and likewise on the latticework for the second pillar. {{rf{18}}} Then the commander of the imperial guard took Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the second priest, and three of the threshold keepers. {{rf{19}}} From the city he took one court official who was chief officer over the men of war, five men from the king's council who were found in the city, the secretary of the commander of the army who mustered the people of the land, and sixty men from the people of the land being found in the city. {{rf{20}}} Nebuzaradan commander of the imperial guard took them and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah. {{rf{21}}} Then the king of Babylon struck them down and killed them at Riblah in the land of Hamath; thus Judah was removed from its land. {{rf{22}}} Now as far as the people left in Judah whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon left behind, he appointed Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan over them. {{rf{23}}} When all of the commanders of the troops heard, they and the men, that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah, they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, Johanan the son of Kareah, Seriah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, Jaazaniah the son of the Maacathite, they and their men. {{rf{24}}} Gedaliah swore to them and to their men, and he said to them, "You must not be afraid because of the Chaldeans. Settle in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and may it go well with you." {{rf{25}}} But it happened in the seventh month that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah the son of Elishama from the offspring of the kingship came, and ten men with him, and they struck down Gedaliah so that he died with the Judeans and with the Chaldeans who were with him at Mizpah. {{rf{26}}} Then all the people, from youngest to oldest, and the commanders of the troops, went to Egypt, for they were afraid of the presence of the Chaldeans. {{rf{27}}} It happened in the thirty-seventh year of the exile of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month on the twenty-seventh of the month, lifted Evil-Merodach king of Babylon in the year that he became king, the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah from the house of imprisonment. {{rf{28}}} He spoke kindly to him, and he gave him a better seat than the seat of the kings who were with him in Babylon. {{rf{29}}} So he changed the clothes of his imprisonment, and he ate food continually in his presence all the days of his life. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-25-16]] }}}
 {{rf{30}}} His allowance was continually given to him from the king, a portion every day all the days of his life. LENGTH SHORT {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Kings-25-30]] }}}
Simeon Peter, a slave and apostle of Jesus Christ, to those who have obtained a faith equal in value to ours by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ. {{rf{2}}} May grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord, {{rf{3}}} because his divine power has bestowed on us all things that are necessary for life and godliness, through the knowledge of the one who called us by his own glory and excellence of character, {{rf{4}}} through which things he has bestowed on us his precious and very great promises, so that through these you may become sharers of the divine nature after escaping from the corruption that is in the world because of evil desire, {{rf{5}}} and for this same reason, and by applying all diligence, supply with your faith excellence of character, and with excellence of character, knowledge, {{rf{6}}} and with knowledge, self-control, and with self-control, patient endurance, and with patient endurance, godliness, {{rf{7}}} and with godliness, brotherly love, and with brotherly love, love. {{rf{8}}} For if these things are yours and are increasing, this does not make you useless or unproductive in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. {{rf{9}}} For the one for whom these things are not present is blind, being nearsighted, having forgotten the cleansing of his former sins. {{rf{10}}} Therefore, brothers, be zealous even more to make your calling and election secure, because if you do these things, you will never ever stumble. {{rf{11}}} For in this way entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ will be richly supplied for you. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Peter-01-01]] }}}
<<Bbl 2P 1:1 abbr >>-11	You can, therefore (v 5, 10) you must. God's grace is our command. Any misconstruction of this is deadly. Can't skip "You Can". If you start with "You Must", you are left to perform and fail (high jump is intrinsically discouraging); or, you may set a shallow standard so as to succeed. Can't skip 'You Must". Then no holiness (<<Bbl 2P 2:18 >>). But together, confidence. Like a children's adventure, Elmer Elevator has everything he needs in his knapsack.
<<Bbl 2P 1:1 abbr >>b	is paralleled in v 3.
<<Bbl 2P 1:5 abbr>>-7 This describes the divine nature described in the two preceding verses.
<<Bbl 2P 1:7 abbr >>	Consider the verbs in "Do you love me? Feed..." Are two of them here?
<<Bbl 2P 1:8 abbr >>-09	Consequences following our response, good or bad.
<<Bbl 2P 1:10 abbr >>	a restatement of v 4.
<<Bbl 2P 1:16 abbr >>	an overriding concern is the assertion of Christ's second coming, <<Bbl 2P 3:10 >>; so v 19.
<<Bbl 2P 1:16 abbr >>a	<<Bbl 2P 2:3 >>
<<Bbl 2P 1:20 abbr>>    Wuest says:  "...every prophecy of scripture does not originate from any private explanation (held by the writer of that scripture), for not by the desire of man did prophecy come aforetime, but being carried along by the Holy Spirit men spoke words from God who is the ultimate source (of what they spoke)."

<<Bbl 2P 2:2 abbr >>-03	Sensuality and greed combined: this theme continues.
<<Bbl 2P 2:3 >>     <<Bbl 2P 1:16 abbr >>a	
<<Bbl 2P 2:7 abbr>>	It has been proposed that Lot was known as "righteous Lot" because of the words used by Abraham in his intercession.  It seems easily possible there is a direct allusion.  But Peter seems to lean pretty far on it.  I think best to understand Peter as saying merely that Lot was clearly not a member of the horde, however passive he was in choosing their company.  And that give us hope (as Peter intends) ... Not perfection, but distinction, like Philippians ("they're amazed you don't rush together with them into riotous sin").
<<Bbl 2P 2:9 abbr>>-22	Although predators are luridly described, the warning seems to be pointed at those who would be the prey. 
2:12    See <<Bbl 2S 23:7 >>.
<<Bbl 2P 2:14 abbr >>	Eyes. Recall our Lord's statement about lust and the eyes.
<<Bbl 2P 2:17 abbr >>	Recall the proverb about //clouds without rain.//

<<Bbl 2P 3:3 abbr >>	This is the root cause leading to flagrant sin, for it denies the judgment. This is what leaves out the "You Must" component (found in opening ten verses).
<<Bbl 2P 3:5 abbr >>	NIV asserts a willful denial.
<<Bbl 2P 3:9 abbr>>    see <<Bbl Ez 18:23 >>
<<Bbl 2P 3:14 abbr >>-16  Peter is utterly as he vindicates Paul. His eagerness to classify Paul's writings with the rest of the Scriptures is objectionable to modern critics, who respond by rejecting the authorship.  
 {{rf{12}}} Therefore I intend to remind you continually concerning these things, although you know them and are established in the truth that you have. {{rf{13}}} But I consider it right, for as long as I am in this habitation, to stir you up by a reminder, {{rf{14}}} because I know that the removal of my habitation is imminent, as indeed our Lord Jesus Christ made clear to me. {{rf{15}}} And I will also make every effort that you are able at any time, after my departure, to recall these things to mind. {{rf{16}}} For we did not make known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ by following ingeniously concocted myths, but by being eyewitnesses of that one's majesty. {{rf{17}}} For he received honor and glory from God the Father when a voice such as this was brought to him by the Majestic Glory, "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." {{rf{18}}} And we ourselves heard this voice brought from heaven when we were with him on the holy mountain, {{rf{19}}} and we possess as more reliable the prophetic word, to which you do well if you pay attention to it as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts, {{rf{20}}} recognizing this above all, that every prophecy of scripture does not come about from one's own interpretation, {{rf{21}}} for no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men carried along by the Holy Spirit spoke from God. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Peter-01-12]] }}}
But there were also false prophets among the people, as there will be false teachers among you also, who will bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, thus bringing on themselves swift destruction. {{rf{2}}} And many will follow their licentious ways, because of whom the way of truth will be reviled. {{rf{3}}} And in greediness they will exploit you with false words, whose condemnation from long ago is not idle, and their destruction is not asleep. {{rf{4}}} For if God did not spare the angels who sinned, but held them captive in Tartarus with chains of darkness and handed them over to be kept for judgment, {{rf{5}}} and did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a proclaimer of righteousness, and seven others when he brought a flood on the world of the ungodly, {{rf{6}}} and condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah to destruction, reducing them to ashes, having appointed them as an example for those who are going to be ungodly, {{rf{7}}} and rescued righteous Lot, worn down by the way of life of lawless persons in licentiousness {{rf{8}}} (for that righteous man, as he lived among them day after day, was tormenting his righteous soul by the lawless deeds he was seeing and hearing), {{rf{9}}} then the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from trials and to reserve the unrighteous to be punished at the day of judgment, {{rf{10}}} and especially those who go after the flesh in defiling lust and who despise authority. Bold and arrogant, they do not tremble in awe as they blaspheme majestic beings, {{rf{11}}} whereas angels, who are greater in strength and power, do not bring against them a demeaning judgment. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Peter-02-01]] }}}
 {{rf{12}}} But these persons, like irrational animals born only with natural instincts for capture and killing, blaspheming about things they do not understand, in their destruction will also be destroyed, {{rf{13}}} being harmed as the wages of unrighteousness. Considering reveling in the daytime a pleasure, they are stains and blemishes, carousing in their deceitful pleasures when they feast together with you, {{rf{14}}} having eyes full of desire for an adulteress and unceasing from sin, enticing unstable persons, and having hearts trained for greediness. Accursed children! {{rf{15}}} By leaving the straight path, they have gone astray, because they followed the way of Balaam the son of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness, {{rf{16}}} but received a rebuke for his own lawlessness: a speechless donkey, speaking with a human voice, restrained the prophet's madness. {{rf{17}}} These people are waterless springs and mists driven by a hurricane, for whom the gloom of darkness has been reserved. {{rf{18}}} For by speaking high-sounding but empty words, they entice with desires of the flesh and with licentiousness those who are scarcely escaping from those who live in error, {{rf{19}}} promising them freedom although they themselves are slaves of depravity. For to whatever someone succumbs, by this he is also enslaved. {{rf{20}}} For if, after they have escaped from the defilements of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, and they are again entangled in these things and succumb to them, the last state has become worse for them than the first. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Peter-02-12]] }}}
 {{rf{21}}} For it would have been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness than having known it, to turn back from the holy commandment that had been delivered to them. {{rf{22}}} The statement of the true proverb has happened to them, "A dog returns to its own vomit," and "A sow, after washing herself, returns to wallowing in the mud." {{rf big{1}}} Dear friends, this is already the second letter I am writing to you, in both of which I am attempting to stir up your sincere mind by a reminder, {{rf{2}}} to remember the words proclaimed beforehand by the holy prophets and the commandment of the Lord and Savior through your apostles, {{rf{3}}} above all knowing this, that in the last days scoffers will come with scoffing, following according to their own desires {{rf{4}}} and saying, "Where is the promise of his coming? For ever since the fathers fell asleep, all things have continued just as they have been from the beginning of creation." {{rf{5}}} For when they maintain this, it escapes their notice that the heavens existed long ago and the earth held together out of water and through water by the word of God, {{rf{6}}} by means of which things the world that existed at that time was destroyed by being inundated with water. {{rf{7}}} But by the same word the present heavens and earth are reserved for fire, being kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly people. {{rf{8}}} Now, dear friends, do not let this one thing escape your notice, that one day with the Lord is like a thousand years, and a thousand years is like one day. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Peter-02-21]] }}}
 {{rf{9}}} The Lord is not delaying the promise, as some consider slowness, but is being patient toward you, because he does not want any to perish, but all to come to repentance. {{rf{10}}} But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, in which the heavens will disappear with a rushing noise, and the celestial bodies will be destroyed by being burned up, and the earth and the deeds done on it will be disclosed. {{rf{11}}} Because all these things are being destroyed in this way, what sort of people must you be in holy behavior and godliness, {{rf{12}}} while waiting for and hastening the coming of the day of God, because of which the heavens will be destroyed by being burned up and the celestial bodies will melt as they are consumed by heat! {{rf{13}}} But according to his promise, we are waiting for new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness resides. {{rf{14}}} Therefore, dear friends, because you are waiting for these things, make every effort to be found at peace, spotless and unblemished in him. {{rf{15}}} And regard the patience of our Lord as salvation, just as also our dear brother Paul wrote to you, according to the wisdom that was given to him, {{rf{16}}} as he does also in all his letters, speaking in them about these things, in which there are some things hard to understand, which the ignorant and unstable distort to their own destruction, as they also do the rest of the scriptures. {{rf{17}}} Therefore, dear friends, because you know this beforehand, guard yourselves so that you do not lose your own safe position because you have been led away by the error of lawless persons. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Peter-03-09]] }}}
 {{rf{18}}} But grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be the glory, both now and to the day of eternity. Amen. LENGTH SHORT {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Peter-03-18]] }}}
After the death of Saul, David returned from defeating the Amalekites and he stayed at Ziklag two days. {{rf{2}}} On the third day, a man came from the camp from being with Saul, with his clothes torn and with dirt on his head. When he came to David, he fell to the ground and bowed down. {{rf{3}}} David said to him, "Where did you come from?" He said to him, "I have escaped from the camp of Israel." {{rf{4}}} Then David said to him, "How did things go? Please tell me." He answered, "When the army fled from the battle, and many of the people fell; also, Saul and Jonathan his son died." {{rf{5}}} Then David asked the young man who was reporting to him, "How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan died?" {{rf{6}}} The young man who was reporting to him said, "I merely happened to be on Mount Gilboa. Here Saul was leaning on his spear, and look, the chariots and the horsemen were getting close to him. {{rf{7}}} When he turned around and saw me, he called to me, and I said, 'Here I am.' {{rf{8}}} Then he said to me, 'Who are you?' And I said to him, 'I am an Amalekite.' {{rf{9}}} He said to me, 'Please stand over me and kill me, for convulsions have seized me, even though my life is still in me.' {{rf{10}}} So I stood over him and killed him, for I knew that he could not live after his falling; I took the crown that was on his head and the bracelet which was on his arm; and here, I have brought them to my lord. {{rf{11}}} David grabbed at his clothes and tore them, as did all of the men who were with him. {{rf{12}}} Then they mourned and wept and fasted over Saul and Jonathan his son until the evening, as well as over the people of Yahweh and over the house of Israel because they had fallen by the sword. {{rf{13}}} Then David said to the young man who was reporting to him, "Where are you from?" And he said, "I am the son of an alien man. I am an Amalekite." {{rf{14}}} David said to him, "How is it that you were not afraid to stretch out your hand to destroy Yahweh's anointed one?" {{rf{15}}} Then David called to one of the young men and said to him, "Come near; strike him." So he struck him down and he died. {{rf{16}}} David said to him, "Your blood is on your head, for your mouth has testified against you by saying, 'I killed Yahweh's anointed one!'" {{rf{17}}} Then David sang this funeral song over Saul and over Jonathan his son. {{rf{18}}} And he ordered "The Bow" to be taught to the children of Judah. Look, it is written on the scroll of Jashar. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-01-01]] }}}
1:19    //How the mighty have fallen// -- this is only used in our time as a jeer.  How shocking and disrespectful this would be to David's Israel.
<<Bbl 2S 2:22 abbr >>    see 3:27
2:27    The significance may be //You started it//. 

3:9 An interesting admission.

4:1 Apparently they had still been counting him as their own.

5:3 Note the title.
5:8 The probable shaft used for the attack was discovered by Sir Charles Warren about 1870  (Moody Bible Atlas).
5:21    More spoiling of the principalities.

2 Samuel 6:1-19 – see 1 Kings 8:1-66.
6:2 The wording here attaches profound and truthful reverence to the [[Ark-Covenant]].
6:3 A new cart, perhaps remembering the Philistines.
<<Bbl 2S 6:6 abbr >> God seems less concerned about the Ark's possible upset than He does its possible desecration.  Perhaps Uzzah had a caretaker attitude (like Martha's) that kept him from worshiping in spirit and in truth.  Or  --  and this is chilling  --  maybe he just violated that one little rule.  Why couldn't they simply carry it as it had been designed?
6:9 The same ending as in all these Ark stories!
6:11    No doubt because of his faith in keeping the thing.
<<Bbl 2S 6:20 abbr >>	David was returning //to bless his own household//.  And what a reception he recieves.  Not Michal's protest is based on the [[FearOfMan]]; she is the true daughter of Saul, as reflected in David's response.  
<<Bbl 2S 6:23 abbr >>    And yet apparently David himself lays no curse on her, but speaks prophetically.  Saul will have no progeny in Davids' house.
<<Bbl 2S 6:30>> – note the profound reverence. We are preparing for the reestablishment of God's standards, for holy handling of his Ark.
 {{rf{19}}} "The glory of Israel is on your high places; how the mighty have fallen! {{rf{20}}} Do not tell it in Gath; do not proclaim it in the streets of Ashkelon, lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised exult. {{rf{21}}} O mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew or rain upon you or on the fields of grain for offerings, for there the small shield of the mighty was defiled, the small shield of Saul was not anointed with oil. {{rf{22}}} From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, the bow of Jonathan did not turn back, and the sword of Saul did not return without effect. {{rf{23}}} Saul and Jonathan were beloved and pleasant in their lives and were not separated in their death. They were swifter than eagles, stronger than lions. {{rf{24}}} O daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, the one who clothed you with crimson, the one who adorned your clothing with golden ornaments. {{rf{25}}} How the mighty have fallen in the midst of the battle; Jonathan lies slain on your high places. {{rf{26}}} I am distressed over you, my brother Jonathan. you were very dear to me; your love was more wonderful to me than the love of women. {{rf{27}}} How the mighty have fallen and the weapons of warfare perished." {{rf big{1}}} It happened after this that David inquired of Yahweh, saying, "Shall I go up into one of the cities of Judah?" And Yahweh said to him, "Go up." David asked, "Where shall I go up?" And he said, "To Hebron." {{rf{2}}} So David went up there along with his two wives, Ahinoam from Jezreel and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. {{rf{3}}} Also, David brought up his men who were with him, each with his household, and they settled in the towns of Hebron. {{rf{4}}} Then the men of Judah came, and they anointed David there as king over the house of Judah, and they told David, "The men of Jabesh-Gilead buried Saul." {{rf{5}}} So David sent messengers to the men of Jabesh-Gilead and said to them, "May you be blessed by Yahweh because you did this loyal love with your lord, with Saul, and you buried him. {{rf{6}}} Now may Yahweh show loyal love and faithfulness with you. I will also show the good with you that you have done in this matter. {{rf{7}}} So then, let your hands be strong and be valiant, for your lord Saul is dead, and the house of Judah has anointed me as king over them." {{rf{8}}} But Abner the son of Ner, the commander of Saul's army, had taken Ish-Bosheth the son of Saul and brought him over to Mahanaim. {{rf{9}}} He made him king over Gilead, over the Ashurites, over Jezreel, over Ephraim, over Benjamin, and over Israel, all of it. {{rf{10}}} Ish-Bosheth the son of Saul was forty years old when he became king over Israel and he reigned two years; however, the house of Judah followed David. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-01-19]] }}}
 {{rf{11}}} The number of days that David was king over Hebron, over the house of Judah, was seven years and six months. {{rf{12}}} Abner the son of Ner and the servants of Ish-Bosheth the son of Saul went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon. {{rf{13}}} Then Joab the son of Zeruiah and the servants of David went out, and they met at the pool of Gibeon. The one group sat on one side of the pool, and the other sat on the other side. {{rf{14}}} Abner said to Joab, "Let the young men come up and fight in our presence." And Joab said, "Let them come up." {{rf{15}}} So they came forward and passed by in number: twelve for Benjamin and for Ish-Bosheth the son of Saul, and twelve from the servants of David. {{rf{16}}} Then each seized his opponent by the head and each thrust his sword in the side of his opponent, so they fell together. So they called the name of that place Helkath Hazzurim, which is in Gibeon. {{rf{17}}} Then the battle became increasingly fierce on that day, and Abner and the men of Israel were defeated before the servants of David. {{rf{18}}} The three sons of Zeruiah were there, Joab and Abishai and Asahel. Now Asahel was swift with his feet as one of the gazelles which is in the open field. {{rf{19}}} So Asahel pursued Abner, and he did not turn aside to the right or to the left from going after Abner. {{rf{20}}} Abner turned around and said, "Are you this Asahel?" And he said, "Yes." {{rf{21}}} Abner said to him, "Turn aside to your right or to your left; seize for yourself one of the young men, and take his belongings for yourself." But Asahel was not willing to turn aside from him. {{rf{22}}} So Abner said to Asahel once again, "For your own sake, turn aside from following me. Why should I strike you down to the ground? How could I show my face to Joab your brother?" {{rf{23}}} But he refused to turn away, so Abner struck him in the stomach with the butt of the spear, and the spear went out of his back. He fell there and he died on the spot. Then all who came to the place where Asahel fell and died just stood there. {{rf{24}}} So Joab and Abishai pursued Abner when the sun went down. And they came to the hill country of Ammah, which is before Giah on the way to the wilderness of Gibeon. {{rf{25}}} The descendants of Benjamin rallied after Abner, and they became as one fighting group and stood on the top of a certain hill. {{rf{26}}} Then Abner called to Joab and said, "Will the sword devour forever? Do you not know that there will be bitterness in the end? How long will you not tell the people to turn away from pursuing their brothers?" {{rf{27}}} Joab said, "As God lives, for if you had not spoken, the people would surely have gone up in the morning, each one of them from following after his brother." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-02-11]] }}}
 {{rf{28}}} Then Joab blew on the trumpet and all the people stopped, and they no longer pursued after Israel, and they did not fight with them again. {{rf{29}}} Then Abner and his men went through the Arabah all that night, and they crossed over the Jordan. They went all the forenoon and came to Mahanaim. {{rf{30}}} After Joab returned from pursuing Abner, he gathered all the people; nineteen of the servants of David were missing along with Asahel. {{rf{31}}} The servants of David had killed some of the Benjaminites among the men of Abner; three hundred and sixty men had died. {{rf{32}}} Then they picked up Asahel and buried him in the grave of his father, which was at Bethlehem. Joab and his men went all that night arriving in Hebron at first light. {{rf big{1}}} The battle was prolonged between the house of Saul and the house of David, but David was growing stronger and stronger while the house of Saul was becoming weaker and weaker. {{rf{2}}} And sons were born to David in Hebron; his firstborn was Amnon by Ahinoam from Jezreel. {{rf{3}}} His second was Kileab by Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; the third was Absalom the son of Maacah, who was the daughter of Talmai the king of Geshur. {{rf{4}}} The fourth was Adonijah the son of Haggith; the fifth was Shephatiah the son of Abital. {{rf{5}}} The sixth was Ithream by Eglah the wife of David. These were born to David in Hebron. {{rf{6}}} As the war between the house of Saul and the house of David was continuing, Abner was strengthening himself in the house of Saul. {{rf{7}}} Saul had had a concubine, and her name was Rizpah the daughter of Aiah. Then Ish-Bosheth said to Abner, "Why did you have sex with my father's concubine?" {{rf{8}}} Abner became very angry at the words of Ish-Bosheth, and he said, "Am I the head of a dog which is for Judah today? Do I not continue to show loyal love with the house of Saul your father, to his brothers, and to his friends? I have not let you fall into the hands of David, yet you have accused me of sin with this woman today. {{rf{9}}} Thus may God punish Abner, if I do not accomplish what Yahweh has sworn to David; {{rf{10}}} specifically, to transfer the kingdom from the house of Saul and to establish the throne of David over Israel and over Judah from Dan to Beersheba!" {{rf{11}}} And Ish-Bosheth was no longer able to answer Abner because he feared him. {{rf{12}}} Abner sent messengers to David where he was, saying, "To whom does the land belong? Make your covenant with me! Look, my hand is with you to bring all of Israel over to you!" {{rf{13}}} He said, "Good. I will make a covenant with you. I am asking only one thing from you: You shall not see my face unless you bring Michal the daughter of Saul when you come to see me." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-02-28]] }}}
 {{rf{14}}} Then David sent messengers to Ish-Bosheth the son of Saul, saying, "Give me my wife Michal whom I betrothed to myself for a hundred foreskins of the Philistines." {{rf{15}}} So Ish-Bosheth sent and took her from her husband, from Paltiel the son of Laish. {{rf{16}}} But her husband went with her, weeping all along after her as far as Bahurim. Then Abner said to him, "Go and return." So he returned. {{rf{17}}} The word of Abner came to the elders of Israel, saying, "For quite some time you were seeking David as king over you. {{rf{18}}} So then, bring it about, because Yahweh had said to David, "Through the hand of David my servant I am about to save my people Israel from the hand of the Philistines and from the hand of all their enemies." {{rf{19}}} Abner also spoke privately to Benjamin. Abner also went to speak to David in Hebron, all that was good in the eyes of Israel and in the eyes of all the house of Benjamin. {{rf{20}}} Then Abner came to David in Hebron and with him were twenty men. David had prepared a feast for Abner and for the men who were with him. {{rf{21}}} And Abner said to David, "Let me get up and go and gather all of Israel to my lord the king, that they may make a covenant with you so you can reign over all which your soul desires." So David dismissed Abner, and he left in peace. {{rf{22}}} And look, the servants of David and Joab came from the raid, and they brought much plunder with them. But Abner was not with David at Hebron, for he had dismissed him, and he had gone in peace. {{rf{23}}} When Joab and all the army that was with him came, they told Joab, "Abner the son of Ner came to the king, and he sent him away, and he left in peace." {{rf{24}}} Then Joab came to the king and said, "What have you done? Abner came here to you? Why have you dismissed him that he actually went away? {{rf{25}}} You know that Abner the son of Ner came to deceive you. He came to learn about your going out and coming in and to know all which you are doing." {{rf{26}}} Then Joab went out from David, and he sent messengers after Abner, and they brought him back from Bor Hasirah, but David did not know it. {{rf{27}}} When Abner returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside to the middle of the gate to speak with him in private. Then he struck him in the stomach there and he died, for he had shed the blood of Asahel his brother. {{rf{28}}} When David heard this afterwards, he said: "I and my kingdom are innocent before Yahweh forever for the blood of Abner the son of Ner. {{rf{29}}} May the blood come down on the head of Joab and all the house of his father. May the house of Joab never lack one with a bodily discharge or one with leprosy or one who grasps the distaff or one who falls by the sword or one who is lacking food." {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-03-14]] }}}
 {{rf{30}}} So Joab and Abishai, his brother, killed Abner because he had killed Asahel, their brother, at Gibeon in the battle. {{rf{31}}} David said to Joab and to all the people who were with him, "Tear your clothing and put on sackcloth and mourn before Abner." Now King David was following after the bier. {{rf{32}}} And they buried Abner at Hebron. And the king lifted up his voice and wept at the grave of Abner, and all the people wept. {{rf{33}}} The king sang a lament for Abner and said, "Should Abner have died the death of a fool? {{rf{34}}} Your hands were not tied and your feet were not in contact with bronze fetters. You have fallen as one who falls before sons of wickedness." Then all the people wept over him again. {{rf{35}}} Then all the people came to give David food. Still on that day, David swore, "May God punish me if I taste food or anything before the sun goes down." {{rf{36}}} All the people noticed, and it was good in their eyes, as everything that the king did was good in the eyes of all the people. {{rf{37}}} Then all the people and all of Israel realized on that day that the king had not desired to kill Abner the son of Ner. {{rf{38}}} Then the king said to his servants, "Did you not realize that a prince and a great man has fallen today in Israel? {{rf{39}}} I am weak today even though anointed king, and these men, the sons of Zeruiah, are crueler than I am. May Yahweh pay them back for doing wickedness according to their own wickedness." {{rf big{1}}} When the son of Saul heard that Abner had died in Hebron, his courage failed and all of Israel was horrified. {{rf{2}}} Two of the men, commanders of the raiding bands, were for the son of Saul. The name of one was Baanah, and the name of the other was Recab, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite from the descendants of Benjamin; also, Beeroth was regarded as belonging to Benjamin. {{rf{3}}} The Beerothites fled to Gittaim, and they are resident aliens there until this day. {{rf{4}}} (Now Jonathan the son of Saul had a son who was crippled in the feet. He was five years old when the message of Saul and Jonathan came from Jezreel, and his nurse had picked him up and fled. It happened that as she was hurrying away to flee, he fell and became crippled. His name was Mephibosheth.) {{rf{5}}} When the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Recab and Baanah, set out, they came at the heat of the day to the house of Ish-Bosheth while he was taking a noontime rest. {{rf{6}}} They came as far as the middle of the house as if takers of wheat, and they struck him in the stomach. Then Recab and Baanah his brother escaped. {{rf{7}}} When they had come into the house, he was lying on his couch in his bedchamber, and they attacked him and killed him. Then they beheaded him, and they took his head and went on the way of the Arabah all night. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-03-30]] }}}
 {{rf{8}}} They brought the head of Ish-Bosheth to David at Hebron, and they said to the king, "Here is the head of Ish-Bosheth, the son of Saul your enemy, who sought your life. Yahweh has given to my lord the king vengeance this day on Saul and on his offspring." {{rf{9}}} Then David answered Recab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and he said to them, "As Yahweh lives, who redeemed my soul from all trouble, {{rf{10}}} when the one who told me, "Look, Saul is dead," thought that he was bringing good news, I seized him and killed him at Ziklag, which was as my giving the news back to him. {{rf{11}}} How much more when wicked men kill a righteous man in his house, on his bed! So then, shall I not seek his lifeblood from your hand, so that I may destroy you from the earth?" {{rf{12}}} Then David commanded the young men, and they killed them, and they cut off their hands and their feet, and they hung them at the pool at Hebron, but the head of Ish-Bosheth they took and buried in the grave of Abner at Hebron. {{rf big{1}}} So all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron, and they said, "Here we are, we are your flesh and blood. {{rf{2}}} For some time, when Saul was king over us, you were leading Israel in and out. Yahweh had said to you, 'You shall be the shepherd of my people Israel, and you will be the leader over Israel.'" {{rf{3}}} All the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and King David made a covenant with them at Hebron in the presence of Yahweh; then they anointed David as king over Israel. {{rf{4}}} David was thirty years old when he began to reign; he reigned forty years. {{rf{5}}} He reigned over Judah at Hebron for seven years and six months; and he reigned over all Israel and Judah at Jerusalem for thirty-three years. {{rf{6}}} The king and his men went to Jerusalem, to the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land. They said to David, "You will not come here, for even the blind and the lame can turn you back, saying, 'David cannot come here.'" {{rf{7}}} David captured the fortress of Zion, the city of David. {{rf{8}}} David had said, "On that day when we attack the Jebusites, one must attack the lame and the blind, those who hate the soul of David, by means of the water supply." For thus the blind and the lame would say, "He cannot come into the house." {{rf{9}}} David occupied the fortress and called it the city of David. And David built all around it from the Millo and inward. {{rf{10}}} David continued growing stronger and stronger, and Yahweh the God of hosts was with him. {{rf{11}}} So Hiram, the king of Tyre, sent messengers to David, along with cedar trees and craftsmen skilled in wood and in stone masonry, and they built a house for David. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-04-08]] }}}
 {{rf{12}}} David realized that Yahweh had established him as king over Israel and that he had exalted his kingdom because of his people Israel. {{rf{13}}} David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem after he came from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to him. {{rf{14}}} These are the names of the ones born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua and Shobab and Nathan and Solomon; {{rf{15}}} Ibhar and Elishua and Nepheg and Japhia; {{rf{16}}} Elishama and Eliada and Eliphelet. {{rf{17}}} When the Philistines heard that they had anointed David as king over Israel, all the Philistines went up to seek David, but David heard and went down to the stronghold. {{rf{18}}} Now the Philistines had come, and they spread out in the Valley of Rephaim. {{rf{19}}} And David inquired of Yahweh, saying, "Shall I go up to the Philistines? Will you give them into my hands?" Yahweh said to David, "Go up, for I will certainly give the Philistines into your hand." {{rf{20}}} So David came to Baal Perazim and defeated them there; and David said, "Yahweh has burst through my enemies before me like the bursting of water." Therefore he called the name of that place Baal Perazim. {{rf{21}}} They had left their idols there, so David and his men carried them away. {{rf{22}}} Once again the Philistines came up and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim. {{rf{23}}} So David inquired of Yahweh, but he said, "You shall not go up. Rather, go around to their rear and come to them from opposite the balsam trees. {{rf{24}}} And it shall be that when you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, then pay attention, for then Yahweh has gone out before you to strike down the army of the Philistines." {{rf{25}}} So David did thus, just as Yahweh had commanded him, and he struck down the Philistines from Geba all the way to Gezer. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-05-12]] }}}
David again gathered all the chosen men in Israel, thirty thousand. {{rf{2}}} David got up and went and all the people who were with him, from Baale-judah to bring up from there the ark of God which is called the name, the name of Yahweh of hosts, upon which the cherubim sit. {{rf{3}}} They loaded the ark of God on a new utility cart, and they carried it from the house of Abinadab, which was on the hill. Now Uzza and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, were driving the new utility cart along. {{rf{4}}} So they brought it out from the house of Abinadab, which was on the hill with the ark of God, and Ahio was going before the ark. {{rf{5}}} Now David and all the house of Israel were dancing before Yahweh, with all kinds of musical instruments made from ash trees, and with zithers, harps, tambourines, sistrums, and cymbals. {{rf{6}}} When they came to the threshing floor of Nakon, Uzza reached out to the ark of God and took hold of it, because the oxen had stumbled. {{rf{7}}} Then the anger of Yahweh was kindled against Uzza, and God struck him down there because of the indiscretion, and he died there beside the ark of God. {{rf{8}}} David was angry because Yahweh had burst out against Uzza, and he called that place Perez-Uzza until this day. {{rf{9}}} But David feared Yahweh on that day and said, "How can the ark of Yahweh come to me?" {{rf{10}}} However, David was not willing to bring the ark of Yahweh to himself, to the city of David, so David caused it to turn to the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite. {{rf{11}}} So the ark of Yahweh remained in the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite for three months, and Yahweh blessed Obed-Edom and all his household. {{rf{12}}} It was told to King David, "Yahweh has blessed the household of Obed-Edom and all that is his because of the ark of God." So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obed-Edom to the city of David with jubilation. {{rf{13}}} It happened that when the carriers of the ark of Yahweh had marched six steps that he sacrificed an ox and a fatling. {{rf{14}}} Now David was dancing with all his might before Yahweh, and David was wearing a linen ephod. {{rf{15}}} So David and all the house of Israel were bringing up the ark of Yahweh with shouts of joyful acclaim and with the sound of the trumpet. {{rf{16}}} It happened that when the ark of Yahweh came into the city of David, Michal the daughter of Saul looked down through the window and saw King David leaping and dancing before Yahweh, and she despised him in her heart. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-06-01]] }}}
 {{rf{17}}} They brought the ark of Yahweh and set it in its place in the middle of the tent which David had pitched for it. Then David offered up burnt offerings and fellowship offerings in the presence of Yahweh. {{rf{18}}} When David had finished from the sacrificing of the burnt offerings and the fellowship offerings, he blessed the people in the name of Yahweh of hosts. {{rf{19}}} Then he distributed to all the people, to all the multitude of Israel, from man to woman, to each: one ring-shaped piece of bread, one cake of dates, and one cake of raisins; and all the people went each to his house. {{rf{20}}} When David returned to bless his household, Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David. She said, "How the king of Israel honored himself today by uncovering himself before the eyes of the maids of his servants, as the total exposure of a worthless one." {{rf{21}}} So David said to Michal, "In the presence of Yahweh who chose me over your father and over his household, to appoint me as leader over the people of Yahweh, over Israel, I have celebrated before Yahweh. {{rf{22}}} I will demean myself again more than this, and I will be abased in my eyes, but with the maids whom you mentioned, with them I will be honored." {{rf{23}}} So for Michal the daughter of Saul, she had no child until the day of her death. {{rf big{1}}} It happened that the king settled in his house. (Now Yahweh had given rest to him from all his enemies all around.) {{rf{2}}} And the king said to Nathan the prophet, "Look, please, I am living in a house of cedar, but the ark of God is staying in the middle of the tent." {{rf{3}}} Nathan said to the king, "Go and do all that is in your heart, for Yahweh is with you." {{rf{4}}} But it happened that night, the word of Yahweh came to Nathan, saying, {{rf{5}}} "Go and tell my servant David, 'Thus says Yahweh: "Are you the one to build for me a house for my dwelling? {{rf{6}}} For I have not dwelt in a house from the day I brought up the Israelites from Egypt until this day; rather, I was going about in a tent and in a tabernacle. {{rf{7}}} In all of my going about among all the Israelites, did I speak a word with one of the tribes of Israel whom I commanded to shepherd my people Israel, saying, 'Why did you not build me a cedar house?'" ' {{rf{8}}} So then, thus you shall say to my servant David, 'Thus says Yahweh of hosts, "I took you from the pasture from following the sheep to be a leader over my people, over Israel, {{rf{9}}} and I have been with you everywhere you went. I have cut off all of your enemies from in front of you, and I will make a great name for you, as the name of the great ones who are on the earth. {{rf{10}}} I will make a place for my people Israel, and I will plant them so that they can dwell in their own place. They will not tremble any longer, and the children of wickedness will not afflict them again, as in the former days. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-06-17]] }}}
{{hilite{
In chapter 6 the king, the city and the tabernacle are united - an epochal confluence.  Now we will see God declare the everlasting dynasty of David's house.
}}}

<<Bbl 2S 7:1 abbr>>ff <<Bbl Ps 132:1>>ff is a glorious sequel.
7:3-5   It seems quite incorrect to suppose (as I've heard it preached) that the two were in disobedience for having this idea.
<<Bbl 2S 7:3 abbr >>	Rather he will do all that is God's heart. These coalesce. 
7:5,11,16,25-29 God is building a house for David, not the other way around.
<<Bbl 2S 7:10 abbr >>   "I go to prepare a place for you..."
7:12-15 The opening of Solomon's biography and a primary Messianic prophecy.
7:17    One must not overlook the importance of a prophet's faithfulness.
7:19    "But as it turns out, that was tiddlywinks compared to what you are declaring now.  That's the sort of thing men in their most prideful moments are prone to do  --  what You, the most holy and unfailing God, are now doing  (vs. 28 also)."
7:27    Prayer based on promises.  A house  suggests security  --  of one's person and family, of salvation, of Heaven.

<<Bbl 2S 8:7 abbr>>-12 future building materials for the Temple (This is followed up in David's charge to his son).
<<Bbl 2S 8:9 abbr >>-10  Wonderfully diplomatic.

<<Bbl 2S 9:1 abbr >>-11	See [[Mephibosheth]].  Note shifting reference of //David// and //the king//, establishing the different viewpoints.
9:7 i.e., of the original family inheritance.
----
<<Bbl 2S 10:3 abbr >>		Hunan is inspired by bad counsel to launch a stupid war.
10:5    David's humiliations have instilled compassion.
10:19   Powers of enemy alliance being destroyed.
 {{rf{11}}} In the manner that I appointed judges over my people Israel, I will give you rest from all your enemies. And Yahweh declares to you that Yahweh will build a house for you. {{rf{12}}} When your days are full and you lie down with your ancestors, I will raise up your offspring after you who will go out from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. {{rf{13}}} He will build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. {{rf{14}}} I will be a father to him, and he will be a son for me, whom I will punish when he does wrong, with a rod of men and with blows of the human beings. {{rf{15}}} But my loyal love shall not depart from him as I took it from Saul, whom I removed from before you. {{rf{16}}} Your house and your kingdom shall endure forever before you; your throne shall be established forever." '" {{rf{17}}} According to all these words and according to all this vision, this Nathan spoke to David. {{rf{18}}} Then King David went and sat before Yahweh and said, "Who am I, my lord Yahweh, and what is my house that you have brought me up to this place? {{rf{19}}} Still, this was insignificant in your eyes, my lord Yahweh, and also you have spoken about the house of your servant from afar, and this may be the teaching of humans, my lord Yahweh. {{rf{20}}} What more can David say to you? You know your servant, my lord Yahweh. {{rf{21}}} Because of your word and according to your heart, you have done all of this great thing, in order to let your servant know. {{rf{22}}} Therefore you are great, my lord Yahweh, for there is no one like you, and there is no god except you, in all that we have heard with our ears. {{rf{23}}} Who is like your people, like Israel? Israel is the one nation on earth whose God led them, in order to redeem a people for himself, and to make a name for himself, and to do for you the great and awesome things for your land in the presence of your people whom he redeemed for himself from Egypt, from the nations and their gods. {{rf{24}}} You have established your people Israel for yourself as a people forever, and you, O Yahweh, have become their God. {{rf{25}}} So then, Yahweh God, the word that you have spoken concerning your servant and concerning his house, confirm it forever, and do just as you have promised. {{rf{26}}} Your name shall be great forever, and they will say, 'Yahweh of hosts is God over Israel'; and the house of your servant David shall be established before you. {{rf{27}}} For you, O Yahweh of hosts, are God of Israel! You have revealed to the ear of your servant, 'I will build a house for you'; therefore your servant has found courage to pray this prayer to you. {{rf{28}}} Now, my Lord Yahweh, you alone are God, and your words are true. You have promised this good to your servant. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-07-11]] }}}
 {{rf{29}}} So then, be content and bless the house of your servant to be forever in your presence, for you, my Lord Yahweh, have spoken, and because of your blessing, may the house of your servant be blessed forever." {{rf big{1}}} It happened afterwards that David attacked the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Metheg Ammah from the hands of the Philistines. {{rf{2}}} When he defeated Moab, he measured them with the cord, making them lie on the ground. He measured two cords to kill and the third cord to let live. So Moab became servants of David, bringing tribute. {{rf{3}}} Then David struck down Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, when he went to restore his monument at the Euphrates River. {{rf{4}}} David captured from him one thousand and seven hundred horsemen and twenty thousand foot soldiers. David hamstrung all the chariot horses, but from them he spared a hundred chariot horses. {{rf{5}}} When Aram of Damascus came to help Hadadezer, the king of Zobah, David killed twenty-two thousand men of Aram. {{rf{6}}} David placed garrisons in Aram of Damascus, so Aram became servants of David, bringing tribute. Yahweh protected David everywhere he went. {{rf{7}}} David took the small round gold shields which had belonged to the servants of Hadadezer, and he brought them to Jerusalem. {{rf{8}}} From Betah and from Berothai, the towns of Hadadezer, King David took very many bronze items. {{rf{9}}} When Toi, the king of Hamath, heard that David had defeated all the army of Hadadezer, {{rf{10}}} Toi sent Joram his son to King David to greet him and to congratulate him because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him; for Hadadezer had often been at war with Toi. He brought with him objects of silver and objects of gold and objects of bronze. {{rf{11}}} King David dedicated them also to Yahweh along with the silver and the gold that he had dedicated from all of the nations which he had subdued; {{rf{12}}} from Aram and from Moab and from the Ammonites and from the Philistines and from Amalek and from the plunder of Hadadezer the son of Rehob, the king of Zobah. {{rf{13}}} So David made a name for himself when he returned from defeating Aram in the Valley of Salt, eighteen thousand. {{rf{14}}} He put garrisons in Edom; all over Edom he put garrisons, and all of Edom became servants of David. Yahweh protected David wherever he went. {{rf{15}}} David reigned over all of Israel, and he was administering justice and righteousness for all his people. {{rf{16}}} Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was secretary. {{rf{17}}} Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were priests and Seraiah was scribe. {{rf{18}}} Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Kerethites and the Pelethites, and the sons of David were priests. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-07-29]] }}}
Then David said, "Is there still anyone who is left for the house of Saul that I may show loyal love to him for the sake of Jonathan?" {{rf{2}}} Now Saul's household had a servant whose name was Ziba, so they summoned him to David, and the king asked him, "Are you Ziba?" He said, "At your service!" {{rf{3}}} Then the king said, "But is there still anyone of Saul's household that I may show the loyal love of God with him?" And Ziba said to the king, "There is still a son of Jonathan who is lame in the feet." {{rf{4}}} The king said to him, "Where is he?" And Ziba said to the king, "He is here in the house of Makir the son of Ammiel in Lo Debar." {{rf{5}}} So King David sent and brought him from the house of Makir the son of Ammiel from Lo Debar. {{rf{6}}} So Mephibosheth the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, came to David. And he fell on his face and did obeisance. David said, "Mephibosheth," and he said, "I am ready to serve you." {{rf{7}}} Then David said to him, "Don't be afraid, for I will certainly show loyal love to you for the sake of Jonathan your father, and I will restore to you all the lands of Saul your father. And you shall always eat food at my table." {{rf{8}}} Then he did obeisance and said, "What is your servant that you have paid attention to the dead dog like me?" {{rf{9}}} David summoned Ziba the servant of Saul and said to him, "All that was Saul's and all his household I have given to the son of your master. {{rf{10}}} You shall till the land for him, you and your sons and your servants; you shall bring in the produce and it shall be food for the son of your master that he may eat. But Mephibosheth the son of your master may always eat food at my table." (Now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty slaves.) {{rf{11}}} Ziba said to the king, "According to all that my master the king commands his servant, so your servant will do." So Mephibosheth was eating at his table as one of the sons of the king. {{rf{12}}} Now Mephibosheth had a young son whose name was Micah, and all of the dwelling of the household of Ziba became servants for Mephibosheth. {{rf{13}}} And Mephibosheth was living in Jerusalem, because he was continually eating at the table of the king, even though he was lame in both of his feet. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-09-01]] }}}
Afterwards the king of the Ammonites died, and his son Hanun ruled in his place. {{rf{2}}} David said, "I will show loyal love with Hanun, the son of Nahash, as his father showed loyal love with me." So David sent to console him concerning his father, by the hand of his servants. And the servants of David came to the land of the Ammonites. {{rf{3}}} But the commanders of the Ammonites said to Hanun their master, "In your opinion, is David honoring your father because he has sent condolences to you? Is it not in order to search the city, to spy it out, and to overthrow it that David sent his servants to you?" {{rf{4}}} Then Hanun took the servants of David, and he shaved off half of their beards and cut their garments off in the middle up to their buttocks, then sent them away. {{rf{5}}} When they told David, he sent to meet them, for the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, "Remain in Jericho until your beards have grown, and then you can return." {{rf{6}}} When the Ammonites saw that they had become odious to David, the Ammonites sent word and hired Aram Beth-Rehob and Aram-Zobah, twenty thousand infantry; and they also hired the king of Maacah, a thousand men, and the men of Tob, twelve thousand men. {{rf{7}}} When David heard, he sent Joab and all the army of mighty warriors. {{rf{8}}} The Ammonites came out and drew up a battle formation at the entrance of the gate, but Aram-Zobah and Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah were alone in the open field. {{rf{9}}} When Joab saw that the battle was to be fought on two fronts, he chose from all the members of the elite troops of Israel and lined them up for battle to meet Aram. {{rf{10}}} The rest of the army he placed into the hand of his brother Abishai, who arranged them in battle lines to meet the Ammonites. {{rf{11}}} Then he said, "If Aram is stronger than I am, you must become my deliverer; but if the Ammonites are too strong for you, then I will come to rescue you. {{rf{12}}} Be strong, and let us strengthen ourselves for the sake of the people and for the sake of the cities of our God. May Yahweh do what is good in his eyes. {{rf{13}}} Joab and all the people who were with him moved forward into the battle against Aram, and they fled from before him. {{rf{14}}} When the Ammonites saw that Aram had fled, they fled from before Abishai and entered the city. Then Joab returned from fighting against the Ammonites and came to Jerusalem. {{rf{15}}} When the Arameans saw that they were defeated before Israel, they gathered themselves together. {{rf{16}}} Then Hadadezer sent and brought out the Arameans who were beyond the Euphrates, and they came to Helam. Now Shobach, the commander of the army of Hadadezer, was at their head. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-10-01]] }}}
 {{rf{17}}} David was told, so he gathered all Israel and crossed over the Jordan and came to Helam. Aram arranged themselves in battle lines to meet David, and they fought with him. {{rf{18}}} And Aram fled before Israel, and David killed from the Arameans seven hundred chariot teams and forty thousand horsemen. He struck down Shobach, the commander of his army, and he died there. {{rf{19}}} When all the kings, the servants of Hadadezer, saw that he had been defeated before Israel, they made peace with Israel and served them, and Aram was afraid to help the Ammonites any longer. {{rf big{1}}} It came about in the spring, at the time kings go out, David sent Joab and his servants with him and all of Israel. They ravaged all of the Ammonites and besieged Rabbah, but David was remaining in Jerusalem. {{rf{2}}} It happened late one afternoon that David got up from his bed and walked about on the roof of the king's house, and he saw a woman bathing on her roof. Now the woman was very beautiful. {{rf{3}}} David sent and inquired about the woman, and someone said, "Is this not Bathsheba the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?" {{rf{4}}} Then David sent messengers and took her, and she came to him, and he slept with her. (Now she had been purifying herself from her uncleanness.) And she returned to her house. {{rf{5}}} The woman became pregnant, and she sent and told David, and she said, "I am pregnant." {{rf{6}}} So David sent to Joab, "Send Uriah the Hittite to me." So Joab sent Uriah to David. {{rf{7}}} Uriah came to him, and David asked how Joab and the army fared and how the war was going. {{rf{8}}} David said to Uriah, "Go down to your house, and wash your feet." So Uriah went out from the king's house, and a gift from the king went out after him. {{rf{9}}} But Uriah slept at the entrance of the king's house with all the servants of his master and did not go down to his house. {{rf{10}}} They told David, "Uriah did not go down to his house." David said to Uriah, "Are you not coming from a journey? Why did you not go down to your house?" {{rf{11}}} Uriah said to David, "The ark and Israel and Judah are living in the booths; and my lord Joab and the servants of my lord are camping on the surface of the open field; and I, shall I go to my house to eat and to drink and to sleep with my wife? By your life and the life of your soul, I surely will not do this thing." {{rf{12}}} David said to Uriah, "Remain here today, and tomorrow I will send you away." So Uriah remained in Jerusalem on that day and the next. {{rf{13}}} David invited him, and he ate and drank in his presence so that he became drunk, and he went out in the evening to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but he did not go down to his house. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-10-17]] }}}
<<Bbl 2S 11:1 abbr >>    War has a season.  David seems to be out of it.
11:2    Was Bathsheba making a display of herself?   Some say so.
11:3    <<Bbl 2S 23:39 >> for Uriah's renown as a warrior.
<<Bbl 2S 11:8 abbr >>-10 //Uriah, take a hint!//  David may be tacitly requesting that Uriah cover for him (John Edwards was aided by Andrew Young).  But Uriah refused and paid the price.  
<<Bbl 2S 11:11 abbr>>   What reverence.  Everyone seems conscious of the temporary housing of the Ark.
11:15   see <<Bbl 1S 18:17 >>  --  Saul's strategy.  It must have seemed so little like murder to a king being tempted.
<<Bbl 2S 11:27 abbr>>b	Better chapter @@division@@.
----
<<Bbl 2S 12:3 abbr>>    A highly emotional appeal, especially as it's being made to a long-time shepherd.  And possibly the Bible's only presentation of a sheep as adorable.  The word //bosum// reappears in 12:8.  //Bought// reminds David of the limited resources of common people (and it was his conscious honor to buy the land for the Temple). 
12:1-6  God reproves not the adultery, not the murder, but lack of compassion!
12:9    see <<Bbl A 2:23 >> (???)
<<Bbl 2S 12:11 abbr >>-12    "Shout it on the housetops"  --  <<Bbl L 12:2 >>-3 .  The rooftop upon which this prophesy is to be fulfilled (<<Bbl 2S 16:22 >>) is the very same rooftop from which David observed Bathsheba.
12:13   David's repentance is more concerned with the offense than its punishment.
    see <<Bbl Jms 1:15 >>, where lust conceives sin and gives birth to death.
<<Bbl 2S 12:14 abbr>> //But because you have given occasion for the enemies of God to blaspheme...//That the ministry may have no reproach.
12:16   For he knows God's mercy, vs. 22.
----
<<Bbl 2S 12:26 abbr >>	Better chapter @@division@@.
12:28   As Jerusalem was named after David, see <<Bbl 1S 5:9 >>.
<<Bbl 2S 12:31 abbr >>   The NASB indicates punishment to the point of torture.  One of few comparable events is <<Bbl Jud 8:16 >>.  The NIV is much easier, the Lexham is ambiguous and noncommittal.
 {{rf{14}}} And it happened in the morning, David wrote a letter to Joab, and he sent it by the hand of Uriah. {{rf{15}}} He had written in the letter, "Put Uriah in the front, in the face of the fiercest fighting, then draw back from behind him so that he may be struck down and die." {{rf{16}}} When Joab was besieging the city, he put Uriah toward the place which he knew there were valiant warriors. {{rf{17}}} The men of the city came out and fought with Joab. Some from the army from the servants of David fell; Uriah the Hittite also died. {{rf{18}}} Joab sent and told David all of the news of the battle. {{rf{19}}} He instructed the messenger, saying, "As you are finishing to speak all the news of the battle to the king, {{rf{20}}} if the anger of the king rises and he says to you, 'Why did you go near the city to fight? Did you not know that they would shoot from atop the wall? {{rf{21}}} Who killed Abimelech the son of Jerub-bosheth, if not a woman who threw an upper millstone on him from atop the wall and he died at Thebez? Why did you go near the wall?' Then you shall say, 'Your servant Uriah the Hittite also died.'" {{rf{22}}} Then the messenger left, and he came and told David all that Joab had sent him to say. {{rf{23}}} The messenger said to David, "Because the men overpowered us, the men came out to us in the field, but we forced them back to the entrance of the gate. {{rf{24}}} The archers shot at your servant from atop the wall, and some of the servants of the king died; your servant Uriah the Hittite also died." {{rf{25}}} Then David said to the messenger, "Thus you shall say to Joab, 'Do not feel badly about this matter; now one and then another the sword will devour. Intensify your attack on the city and overthrow it.'" And he encouraged him. {{rf{26}}} When the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned over her husband. {{rf{27}}} When the mourning was over, David sent and brought her to his household, and she became his wife and bore him a son. But the thing which David had done was evil in the eyes of Yahweh. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-11-14]] }}}
So Yahweh sent Nathan to David, and he came to him and said, "Two men were in a certain city; one was rich and the other was poor. {{rf{2}}} The rich man had very many flocks and herds, {{rf{3}}} but the poor man had nothing except for one small ewe lamb which he had bought. He had nurtured her, and she grew up with him and with his children together. She used to eat from his morsel and drink from his cup, and she used to lie in his lap and became like a daughter for him. {{rf{4}}} And a visitor came to the rich man, but he was reluctant to take from his flocks or from his herds to prepare a meal for the traveler when he came to him. So he took the ewe lamb of the poor man and prepared it for the man who had come to him." {{rf{5}}} Then the anger of David was kindled against the man, and he said to Nathan, "As Yahweh lives, the man who has done this deserves to die! {{rf{6}}} He shall restore the ewe lamb fourfold because he has done this thing, and because he had no pity." {{rf{7}}} Then Nathan said to him, "You are the man! Thus says Yahweh the God of Israel: 'I anointed you as king over Israel, and I delivered you from the hand of Saul. {{rf{8}}} I gave you the household of your master and the women of your master into your lap. I also gave you the house of Israel and Judah; if that had been too little, I would have added to you much more. {{rf{9}}} Why have you despised the word of Yahweh by doing evil in his eyes? Uriah the Hittite you have struck down with the sword, and his wife you have taken to yourself as wife! You have killed him with the sword of the Ammonites! {{rf{10}}} So then, a sword will not turn away from your house forever, because you have despised me and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife!' {{rf{11}}} Thus says Yahweh, 'Look, I am going to raise up evil against you from within your house, and I will take your women before your eyes, and I will give them to your neighbor, and he shall sleep with your wives in broad daylight. {{rf{12}}} Though you did this in secret, I will do this thing before all of Israel in broad daylight!'" {{rf{13}}} Then David said to Nathan, "I have sinned against Yahweh!" Nathan said to David, "Yahweh has also forgiven your sin; you shall not die. {{rf{14}}} But because you have utterly scorned Yahweh in this matter, the son born for you will certainly die." {{rf{15}}} Then Nathan went to his house, and Yahweh struck the child that the wife of Uriah bore for David, and he became ill. {{rf{16}}} David pleaded with God on behalf of the boy and David fasted. He went to spend the night and lay upon the ground. {{rf{17}}} The elders of his household stood over him to lift him up from the ground, but he was not willing, and he did not eat any food with them. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-12-01]] }}}
 {{rf{18}}} It happened on the seventh day that the child died, and the servants of David were afraid to tell him that the child was dead, for they said, "Look, when the child was alive, we spoke to him, but he would not listen to our voice. How can we tell him, 'The child is dead'? He may do something evil." {{rf{19}}} When David saw that his servants were whispering together, he realized that the child was dead. Then David said to his servants, "Is the child dead?" And they said, "He is dead." {{rf{20}}} David stood up from the ground and washed and anointed himself and changed his clothing. Then he went to the house of Yahweh and worshiped, and he went to his own house. He asked, so they served him food, and he ate. {{rf{21}}} Then his servants said to him, "What is this thing that you have done? While the child was alive, you fasted and wept; now that the child has died, you get up and eat food!" {{rf{22}}} He said, "When the child was still alive, I fasted and I wept because I thought, 'Who knows? Yahweh may have mercy on me that the child will live.' {{rf{23}}} But now he is dead. Why should I be fasting? Am I able to return him again? I am going to him, but he cannot return to me." {{rf{24}}} David consoled Bathsheba his wife, and he went to her and slept with her. She bore a son, and he called him Solomon, and Yahweh loved him. {{rf{25}}} He sent word by the hand of Nathan the prophet, so he called him Jedidiah because of Yahweh. 
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{{rf{26}}} And Joab fought against Rabbah of the Ammonites, and he captured the royal city. {{rf{27}}} Then Joab sent messengers to David and said, "We have fought against Rabbah, and we captured the city of the waters. {{rf{28}}} So then, gather the remainder of the army and encamp against the city and capture it, lest I capture the city and my name be proclaimed over it." {{rf{29}}} So David gathered all of the army, and he went to Rabbah and fought against it and captured it. {{rf{30}}} He took the crown of their king from his head. (Now its weight was a talent of gold, and there was a precious stone in it and it was put on David's head.) He brought out the plunder of the city in great abundance. {{rf{31}}} He also brought out the people who were in it and put them to the saws and to the iron picks and to the iron axes, and he sent them to the place of the brickmakers. Thus he used to do to all the cities of the Ammonites, and he and all of the army returned to Jerusalem. {{floatright tiny{ [[Open|2Sam-12-18]] }}}
It happened afterwards that Absalom the son of David had a beautiful sister whose name was Tamar, and Amnon the son of David fell in love with her. {{rf{2}}} And Amnon was so frustrated that he felt ill because of Tamar his sister, because she was a virgin, and it was too difficult in Amnon's eyes to do anything with her. {{rf{3}}} Now Amnon had a friend whose name was Jonadab the son of Shimeah, the brother of David. (Now Jonadab was a very crafty man.) {{rf{4}}} And he said to him, "Why are you so sullen every morning, O son of the king? Will you not tell me?" And Amnon said to him, "I am in love with Tamar, the sister of my brother Absalom." {{rf{5}}} Then Jonadab said to him, "Lie down on your bed and appear ill. If your father comes to see you, you shall say to him, 'Please let Tamar my sister come and give me food to eat, and let her prepare the food before my eyes, in order that I may see it and eat from her hand.'" {{rf{6}}} So Amnon lay down and pretended to be ill, and the king came to see him. Amnon said to the king, "Please let Tamar my sister come, and let her bake two cakes before my eyes that I may eat from her hand." {{rf{7}}} So David sent to the house for Tamar, saying, "Please go to the house of Amnon your brother and prepare food for him." {{rf{8}}} Tamar went to the house of Amnon her brother. Now he was lying down, and she took the dough and kneaded it and made cakes before his eyes, and she baked the cakes. {{rf{9}}} Then she took the pan and poured it out before him, but he refused to eat. Then Amnon said, "Let all the men go out from me." So all the men went out from him. {{rf{10}}} Then Amnon said to Tamar, "Bring the food to the private room that I may eat from your hand." So Tamar took the cakes which she had made and brought them to Amnon her brother in the private room. {{rf{11}}} When she brought them near to him to eat, he took hold of her and said to her, "Come, lie with me, my sister!" {{rf{12}}} Then Tamar said to him, "No, my brother! Do not force me, for such a thing has not been done in Israel. Do not do this disgraceful thing! {{rf{13}}} As for me, where should I take my disgrace? You will be as one of the fools in Israel. So please, speak to the king, for he will not withhold me from you." {{rf{14}}} But he was not willing to listen to her voice. He was stronger than she, and